Italian City


Length: 1220 words (3.5 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Excellent
Open Document
Need writing help? Check your paper »

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Text Preview

More ↓
Italian City

The Renaissance was the period from 1350-1600. The Renaissance began first in the city-states of Italy for many reasons. Although most of Europe had become a big economic crisis during the late Middle Ages, Italy managed to avoid everything and their towns remained important centers of Mediterranean trade and boost their production of textiles and luxury goods. Town life was bigger in Italy than in other parts of Europe.

Therefore, most Italians could easily discard feudalism and other medieval institutions.
Because Italy was wealthy and successful, they became independent city-states, each of which included a walled urban center and the surrounding countryside. The Italian city-states started a new social order. It was that wealth and ability mattered more than aristocratic titles and ownership of land. Wealthy merchants and bankers replaced the nobles in the upper class. Shopkeepers and artisans ranked below the wealthy merchants, forming a moderately prosperous middle class that employed a lot of poor workers. Most of these workers came from the countryside. And at the very bottom of the social ladder, were the peasants who worked on the country estates for the wealthy classes.

During the Renaissance, Italy was not under one government, but was divided into the city-states. Each of these were ruled by wealthy families whose fortunes came from commercial trading or banking. A lot of times, workers rebelled against the upper classes. Their demands for equal rights and lower taxes, however, remained unspoken. During the 1400s, social conflicts became so bad, that many city-states decided to turn over all political authority to one single powerful leader to restore peace. These leaders were known as signori. At times, city-states would have territorial disputes.
Since military service would interfere with conducting business and trade, the signori chose to replace citizen-soldiers with hired soldiers known as condottieri.

The major city-states were Florence, Venice, Rome and Milan. A banking family known as the Medici ruled Florence in the 1400s. The Medici rulers helped to keep the spirit of humanism alive in the city-state’s scholars and artists. With the spirit alive, Florence became known as the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance. Lorenzo de’ Medici (also known as “the Magnificent” as a result of the city’s prosperity and fame) ruled Florence from 1469-1492. He used his wealth to support artists, philosophers, and writers, and to sponsor public festivals. During the 1490s, Florence’s economic prosperity began to decline due to increasing competition with English and Flemish cloth makers.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Italian City." 123HelpMe.com. 11 Dec 2017
    <http://www.123HelpMe.com/view.asp?id=37865>.
Title Length Color Rating  
Leonardo Da Vinci, the Epitome of the Italian Renaissance Essay - Florence, the shelter for artists in need of wealthy patrons to give them an opportunity to rise to fame, was the center of innovation and creativity in the Italian Renaissance. This renowned city was famous for supplying some of the best artists in the world and for creating the some of the world’s most treasured art. Leonardo da Vinci, possibly one of the greatest painters in the world, was born in Florence and lived his adulthood in Florence, the essence and heart of the Italian Renaissance. Leonardo da Vinci virtually changed the world and the Italian Renaissance by greatly influencing it with his fresh and unique ideas....   [tags: Italian Renaissance, Art]
:: 7 Works Cited
801 words
(2.3 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on The War Experience in Italian Film - The War Experience in Italian Film The experience of war as it is presented throughout the history of Italian cinema is a uniquely composite display of historical reverence and cultural consecration. An analysis of this experience in all of its manifestations can be discerned from the evaluation of one or several works from the post-World War II period within the corpus of the Italian cultural signification. It follows from this approach that the essence of the results of this analysis will then represent an appreciative grasp of the aforementioned corpus....   [tags: Italian Italy Cinema Movies Film]
:: 7 Works Cited
3454 words
(9.9 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
The Italian Peninusula Essay - The Italian Peninsula is one of the three main peninsulas of the Southern part of Europe (and the other two peninsulas are the Iberian Peninsula and the Balkan Peninsula), each spread apart 1,000 km from the Po Valley in the north to the central Mediterranean Sea in the south. The peninsula has always been bordered by the Tyrrhenian Sea on the west, the Ionian Sea on the south, and the Adriatic Sea on the east. The inner part of the Apennine Peninsula contains the Apennine Mountains, from which it takes its own name, the northern part has very large plains and the coasts are all lined with cliffs....   [tags: mediterranean and ionian sea] 763 words
(2.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Italian Renissance and the Reformation Essay examples - The renaissance and the reformation are the beginning of the golden age of Europe. Many economic, religious, and cultural changes occurred during this time period. The economic and cultural rise of Italian city-states, the recentralization of government in northern Europe, and the separation of the Roman Catholic Church into different Catholic and Protestant groups were important achievements for Europe during this time. The renaissance and the reformation were not only the beginning of the modern western world, but also set the stage for the European rise in global colonization, which gave way to the birth of our glorious nation....   [tags: Golden Age, Changes, Effects] 1246 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay about The Italian Immigrants of Post-1880 - ... Sometimes Italians in construction would live in boxcars while working on a long-term project. This can be seen in the third picture of the additional links, Italian Laborers, Padrones, and Pernicious Pasta. The boxcar is not very large space and is being shared by three workers. There is obviously no plumbing, very filthy, and most likely without furniture inside. The men look grimy and worn out in the photo. The workday would usually be over ten hours a day, more than five days a week so it is understandable why some would opt just to live on the worksite....   [tags: english language, living conditions] 709 words
(2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Italian Ways of Life Essay - Weddings in Italy are very different from the way American do theirs. Italian’s have lots of traditions that make sense, but don’t necessarily mean the things will happen. For example, the bride and groom will walk to their wedding ceremony together. On their way there the bride and groom will be set up with certain obstacles. One obstacle could be a broom in the road, and if the bride stops to pick it up that means she’ll keep the house clean and organized. If there’s a baby that needs help and she stops to help the baby, then that means she’ll be a good mother....   [tags: Culture ]
:: 11 Works Cited
1014 words
(2.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Charles Luciano: An Italian Mobster Essay - ... This deal was so important, and me messing it up wasn’t very good for my reputation. At this point, the criminal community wasn’t as fond of me as they used to be. In order to regain my reputation, Rothstein gave me the idea of buying high end seats for a boxing match to give to top gangsters and politicians. Rothstein also taught me how to dress properly in classy clothes. These two tactics in tandem allowed me to regain my reputation. Rothstein not only gave me the tools necessary to prosper during Prohibition, but he also saved me from going under in the criminal community....   [tags: Gangster, Crime, New York] 1318 words
(3.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on Italian Music - With more than four and half million Italian immigrants arriving to American between the years of 1876-1924, traditions, food, literature and an immense amount of Italian culture was slowly spread nationwide. With that, Italian music was also brought across seas. Music in New York City began developing rapidly during the nineteenth century as the number of immigrants and residents steadily increased. Italian music has become popular genre with many subdivisions. Italian music has also become an influential genre of music on other types of popular music....   [tags: Music Analysis ]
:: 5 Works Cited
1477 words
(4.2 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Italian Neo-Realism Cinema Essay - In this essay I will look at the emergence of Italian neo-realist cinema and how Italian Neo-realism has been defined and classified in the film industry as well as how its distinct cinematic characteristics could only have been conceived in Italy and how these characteristics set the neo-realist style apart from other realist movements and from Hollywood. The Italian Neo-Realist movement began to emerge with the fall of Mussolini's Fascist regime in 1943 and was able to entirely establish itself with the end of World War II with the end of German occupation....   [tags: Film Analysis ]
:: 5 Works Cited
1864 words
(5.3 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Essay on Italian Immigrants in America - Italian Immigrants in America         Ever since the United States was founded, immigrants have been arriving on its soil.  The first white inhabitants of the U.S. were immigrants from Europe.  They came for many reasons, such as religion and opportunity.  As the country grew and became more prosperous, it became more enticing to foreigners looking for opportunity.  This continued into the 20th century and finally during the 1920’s, the United States began to restrict immigrants from coming to their country, mostly for cultural and economic reasons.  Even the immigrants that were allowed in during the 20’s faced many hardships such as religious persecution, racism, and xenia phobia.  One...   [tags: American America History]
:: 5 Works Cited
1344 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]

Related Searches




During the 1500s, Rome was considered a leading Renaissance city. In Rome, the pope and the cardinals living in the Vatican made up the wealthiest and most powerful class. They often put political goals ahead of their religious duties. The most politically minded pope, was Alexander VI. He ruled from 1492-1503 when he died. Venice was known as the port city on the Adriatic Sea. Venice’s economic power was fading due to changing trade routes and Muslim invasions in the east. A good thing about Venice’s prosperity, was their political stability. An elected doge, or leader, ruled their republican government. Venice was highly known for it’s artistic achievements.

During the Renaissance, many artists experimented with new techniques. Renaissance art added perspective and depth on things. This made them more life-like and captivating.
They learned how to express subtle gestures, to reveal emotion. In their architecture, however, artists returned to the classic style. In doing this, they sought both comfort and beauty. The most famous Renaissance architect was Filippo Brunelleschi. In 1436, he designed the dome for the Cathedral of Florence. Up until then, noone had been able to come up with a design that would allow the roof to be supported without collapsing. He was considered the greatest engineering feat of the time. Renaissance sculpture also returned to classical ideas. However, in the Renaissance sculpture, it did not look stiff, but more like actual figures. Italian Renaissance painters left behind the flat, symbolic style of painting, to begin a more realistic style. This change first started in the early 1300s. In the 1400s, they started to add lighting and perspective, to give the pictures depth, and set the figures off from the background. Leonardo da Vinci was one of the greatest Renaissance artists. He is best known for the Mona Lisa, and The Last Supper. In 1508, he was hired by Pope Julius II to paint the ceiling of the Sistine chapel with pictures from the Bible.

War helped spread ideas of different cultures. After France invaded Italy in 1494, they became fascinated with Italian Renaissance art and fashions. Some northern Europeans began to travel to Italy to study with Italian masters. This began the emergence of a newly educated middle class. The spread of knowledge lead to the invention of the printing press. Johannes Gutenberg printed a complete edition of the Bible using moveable metal type. As a result of this invention, books were published quicker and less expensive. This never would have happened if they had not learned they ways of the Italians.

French architects combined medieval Gothic towers, and windows with the classical arches used by Italian artists to create châteaux, or castles. Many French Renaissance writers, borrowed much from the new literary forms from the Italian Renaissance. François Rabelais was France’s most popular Renaissance writer. He wrote on such subjects as law, medicine, politics, theology, botany, and navigation.

The wealthy towns of Germany and the Low Countries (present-day Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands.) accepted the Italian Renaissance. Pieter Brueghel was an artist who combined Italian technique with the artistic traditions of their homelands. He painted realistic portraits, religious themes, landscapes, and scenes of daily life.

Renaissance ideas did not spread to England until 1485, when the Wars of the Roses ended. Thomas More was a statesman wrote a book that criticized the society of his day by comparing it with an ideal society in which everyone was equal and prosperous. The best-known English playwright was William Shakespeare. He drew ideas from medieval legends, classic mythology, and the histories of England, Denmark, and ancient Rome. He also dealt with human qualities such as jealousy, love, ambition, and despair so greatly that his plays are still well known today.

A German monk named Martin Luther started the Protestant Reformation. He was born in 1483, and was the son of middle-class townspeople. In 1505, he was almost struck by lightning in a thunderstorm. He thought this was God’s way of punishing him. In return for protection, he prayed that he would become a monk. Shortly afterward, he entered a monastery. Pope Leo X was trying to raise money to rebuild St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome, and in order to raise money, he sold church positions to his friends and also authorized sales of indulgences. These were certificates issued by the church to reduce or even cancel punishments for a person’s sins. Luther preached against the sale of indulgences, and so on October 31, 1517, he hung a placard with 95 statements, on the door of the Wittenberg Church, criticizing indulgences and other church policies.

The Italian Renaissance truly had the biggest effect on the time period from 1300-1600. Bits and pieces were taken from it, to add to events that led from that. Therefore, if the Italian Renaissance hadn’t started it all, a lot less things would have been accomplished.


Return to 123HelpMe.com