Human Cloning Should be Illegal
Length: 573 words (1.6 double-spaced pages)
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Can you imagine a world where everyone looked the same and had the same DNA? This could become true due to the advances in science in the field of cloning. We are coming into an age where scientists have started cloning non-human mammals as well as fish. Soon, they will want to start cloning humans. Since human cloning is so dangerous, unethical, and too expensive for reproductive purposes, it should be illegal.
Human cloning is dangerous. It is estimated that between 95 and 98 percent of cloning experiments have failed (Genetics and Society). These downfalls to cloning are in the form of miscarriages and stillbirths (Genetics and Society). Cloned human beings also run the risk of having severe genetic abnormalities. Children cloned from adult DNA would, in a sense, already have “old” genes. These children’s main problem would be developing and growing old too quickly. This includes arthritis, appearance, and organ function. Since the chance of having a child with mental and physical problems is so much higher than that of a normally conceived child, cloning should be illegal.
Human cloning is also unethical. Cloning, especially therapeutic cloning, requires the use of human embryos. Using these embryos would mean killing unborn children. Therapeutic cloning begins by removing the stem cells from an embryo (Human Cloning). The stem cells are used to grow bone, nerve, and muscle tissue. In the process of therapeutic cloning, an embryo, or a baby in the early stages of development, is taken and parts of it are grown to develop parts of the body including organs and limbs (Human Cloning). Removing these stem cells would kill the embryo. The embryo, which would result in a child if left in the mother’s womb, is separated into parts, which are used for science.
Finally, human cloning for reproductive purposes is too expensive. The cost to clone one human could be more than $100,000 (Herper). That is extremely high considering the cost of in vitro fertilization. In vitro fertilization costs between $3,500 and $25,000 depending on the procedure (Advanced Fertility Services). If someone could not become pregnant it is much more likely that they would chose to use fertilization and be guaranteed a healthy, normal child rather than spend the money to clone a child that could have defects. With fertilization costing only one fourth of cloning, why would someone choose to clone?
The world is not ready for genetically engineered children. Human cloning is too dangerous at this time for scientists and doctors to be able to clone humans effectively. It is also unethical in the sense that it requires the use of the stem cells from embryos, leaving the embryos dead. Lastly, with it costing four times as much as in vitro fertilization, cloning is too expensive right now for reproductive purposes. Therefore, with all of the drawbacks of cloning, why not make it illegal?
Cost of IVF at Advanced Fertility Services. ”Costs.” Advanced Fertility Services. 19 November 2004. http://www.advancedfertilityservices.com/costs/index.html
Dixon, Patrick. “Reasons Against Cloning.” 6 November 2004. 8 November 2004. http://www.globalchange.com/noclones.html
“Genetics and Society: Reproductive Arguments.” 30 May 2003. 8 November 2004. http://www.genetics-and-society.org/technologies/cloning/reproarguments.html
Herper, Matthew. “Stem Cell Research: Cloning’s High Cost.” 26 November 2001. 9 November 2004. http://www/forbes.com/2001/11/26/1126cloning.html
“Human Cloning and Genetic Modification.” Association of Reproductive Health Professionals. 27 October 2004. http://www.arhp.org/genetics/
U.S. Department of State. “International Convention Against the Reproductive Cloning of Human Beings.” 17 October 2002. 8 November 2004. http://www.state.gov/p/io/rls/rm/2002/14551pf.htm