How Globalization Saved Peru

  • Length: 1730 words (4.9 double-spaced pages)
  • Rating: Excellent
Open Document

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Text Preview

More ↓

Continue reading...

Open Document

Globalization is a series of social, economical, technological, cultural, and political changes that promote interdependence and growth. Globalization raises the standard of living in developing countries, spreads technological knowledge, and increases political liberation. (Harris 5-23) The main cause of globalization is influence from other, more developed, countries. Globalization is a historical process that results from human innovation and technological progress. The social effects of globalization are clearly illustrated in Peru. Once a third-world country filled with poverty and oppression, Peru is now transitioning into a developed nation. In Peru, globalization has raised the human development index, empowered women, and created a stronger country. (Leon 90-91)
One of the benefits of globalization on a social level is an increased Human Development Index. The Human Development Index is a measurement of a country's social, political, and economical growth in comparison to other countries in the world. The Human Development Index rates each country with a score between 0 and 1, with 1 being the most advanced, globalized country. Factors that are involved in determining a country's HDI are gross domestic production per capita, life expectancy at birth, adult literary, and the number of persons enrolled in educational institutions. In 1975, Peru's Human Development Index was a 0.643. By 2003, the Human Development Index had risen more than one tenth to 0.762. The substantial increase of Peru's HDI is a clear indication that globalization has made a positive impact. From 1975 until 2003, globalization has caused a 2% increase in the adult literacy rate. During the same time period, the poverty rate to dropped 6%. Women's fertility rates have also dropped. In 1975, women had an average of 6 children each. In 2003, that average dropped to less than 3 children per woman. (Genovese 457-8) When fertility rates drop in developing countries, such as Peru, it is usually an indication that there is an increase in women's liberation. Women are no longer facing as much social pressure to have lots of children and stay home to raise them. By having fewer children, women are exposed to more opportunities for employment. The role of women as housewives and domestic servants is rapidly changing. Women in Peru have begun to experience liberation and equality, mostly due to the spread of globalization. (Bowman 551-59)
Historical traditions in Peru have dictated that women are only allowed to work menial jobs that pay poorly. Women were not given the opportunity to seek an education or to have a career.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"How Globalization Saved Peru." 21 May 2018
Title Length Color Rating  
Asparagus: Peru's Success Story Essay - Growing up in my country, Peru, was a formative and great learning experience because as I grew into an adult and participated in the economy, I learned how Peru’s financial system worked as a nation exporting agricultural goods. Peru’s history as a great, fertile farmland country made it a huge partner for potential buyers all around the world; these countries could take advantage of the exotic and plentiful fruit and vegetable products. During the government of Peru’s ex-president Alberto Fujimori, Peru signed the Free Trade Agreement with the United States, in 2006 and became a big exporter of goods....   [tags: peruvian asparagus, peru exports]
:: 6 Works Cited
1197 words
(3.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Incas in Peru Essay - The Incas were an American Indian civilization located mostly in Peru, South America that existed in the early 13th Century. They expanded their tribe over the next 100 years and eventually ruled an area around 2500 miles long and 500 miles wide. The country was not secular, meaning all Incas were to follow the one religion as chosen by their strong government. They believed in many Gods (polytheistic) who lived outside the earthly realm but still had much control and involvement in what was inside....   [tags: American Indian Civilizations, Peru, South America]
:: 8 Works Cited
1120 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Memory in The Drowned And the Saved by Primo Levi - Primo Levi, in The Drowned and the Saved, expresses theories of memory. My objective is to prove that Primo Levi’s theories of memory being transitive and selective are correct. I will do this by examining and critiquing not only Levi’s perspective on memory, but also those of other philosophers and psychoanalysts whose work explored the subject. Writer and chemist, survivor and witness, Primo Levi was born in Turin, Italy, in 1919. Like most Italian Jews of his generation, Levi was assimilated to the hilt: "Religion," he later recalled, "did not count for much in my family." In 1938, however, his religion of Judaism became a sudden and serious liability....   [tags: The Drowned And the Saved. ]
:: 1 Works Cited
1865 words
(5.3 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Peru Or Biru Essay example - Biru or Peru. Peru's territory is bordered by Ecuador and Colombia on the north, Brazil and Bolivia to the east, and finally Chile and Bolivia to the south and to the west lies the Pacific Ocean. In Peru you can find anything from steaming jungles to creeping glaciers, Peru, hugging South America's west coast, wraps its borders around dramatically varied geography with elicits varied cultures. A little smaller than Alaska, Peru has coastal deserts so dry that no one there has ever recorded rain....   [tags: Culture Description Peru] 1105 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Saved! - In the movie Saved, the main character, Mary, comes to the conclusion after weeks of physical ailment that she may either be pregnant or have cancer. As she comes back from the store with home pregnancy test in hand, she thinks to herself that she would rather have cancer than be pregnant. She hopes for this because she is far too intimidated by how her peers and family may judge her if they find out she had taken part in premarital sex. While it has become fairly common for people to go to absolute extremes to cover up their immoral deeds, political leaders and others in powerful positions have particularly developed this characteristic....   [tags: Ethics] 576 words
(1.6 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Globalisation Essay - When using Chanel’s cosmetics, when drinking Danone yogurt with breakfast, when driving Ford motor the way home, global brands which are highly visible symbol of the increasing integration of world market, could been discovered around everywhere. As Thomas L. Friedman (2005) states, ‘World is flat!’, which means world is being shrunk by the spreading of globalisation. Globalisation, a result of social development, can be described as the increase in cross-broader trade and influence on the economic and social behaviour of nation states (David Begg, 2003:272)....   [tags: Globalization Economics Analysis Marketing] 1695 words
(4.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Peru - Peru Peru's gross domestic product in the late 1980s was $19.6 billion, or about $920 per capita. Although the economy remains primarily agricultural, the mining and fishing industries have become increasingly important. Peru relies primarily on the export of raw materials—chiefly minerals, farm products, and fish meal—to earn foreign exchange for importing machinery and manufactured goods. During the late 1980s, guerrilla violence, rampant inflation, chronic budget deficits, and drought combined to drive the country to the brink of fiscal insolvency....   [tags: essays research papers] 957 words
(2.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Peru - PERU- PROFILE PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY Location Country in west central South America, bounded on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil and Bolivia, on the south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. The area of Peru, including several offshore islands, is 1,285,216 sq km (496,225 sq mi), making it third in size (after Brazil and Argentina) of South America countries. Lima is the country’s capital and chief commercial center. Topography Peru may be divided into three main topographical regions: The coastal plain, the sierra, and the Montana....   [tags: essays research papers fc] 4524 words
(12.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Globalization Essays - Globalization is necessary in the world. Different theories on the concept of globalization provide distinct reasons on the need for globalization. The world’s advancements and technology help drive the need for globalization. Communities and organizations alike are affected by globalization, and smaller countries benefit from the generosity of larger participants in the world’s market. Globalization, in the business sense, is to make a product or service available in the global market. Any investment that is across national borders is also part of globalization....   [tags: Business International Globalization]
:: 2 Works Cited
1323 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Globalizaton Essay - Globalization is a term that has become very popular in recent times. It is a concept with many differing definitions. Thomas L. Friedman, author of The Lexus and the Olive Tree, describes globalization as a movement that enables individuals, corporations, and countries to reach around the globe farther, faster, deeper and cheaper than ever before. Globalization is the spread of free market capitalism to virtually every country in the world. Countries are encouraged to allow free trade, privatization and competition....   [tags: Economics Economy Papers]
:: 9 Works Cited
1249 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]

Related Searches

The spread of globalization has caused an increased number of opportunities for women to pursue an education or a career. In the last few decades, women have been encouraged to fight for equal rights. In 1993, the United Nations affirmed that women's right are human rights. If women's liberation had not occurred in the United States and other highly globalized countries, it is very unlikely that women in Peru would be experiencing liberation now. For the first time in Peru's history, women are being encouraged to participate in politics. After facing years of social oppression, globalization has directly led to political liberation for the women in Peru. In 1980, the Communist Party of Peru began the People's War. This political party and subsequent revolution mark the first time that Peruvian women have participated equally with men in politics. (Bowman 540-49)
Globalization in Peru has even greater effects than those directly felt by the country. When developing nations see the progress that has been made by Peru, they too will want to become involved with globalization. The more countries that embrace globalization, the more widespread it's effects will be felt. In the same way the women's liberation in the United States indirectly led to women's liberation in Peru, the innovations in Peru will lead to innovations in even less developed countries. (Impact of Globalization in Peru)
Globalization is not an overnight solution to all of the world's problems. In fact, technology is always evolving so globalization will always be evolving as well. Skeptics of globalization argue that it is causing the world to conform to American standards, that there is a loss of culture associated with globalization, and many people in the countries being globalized do not want it to happen. No one should ever argue that globalization is perfect, because it is not. (Taylor 87-91) However, the concerns of skeptics can be easily alleviated. America is a country where everyone has an equal chance in life. No one is born into a predetermined destiny, as are many people who live in countries like Peru. It is a great thing for a country to be influenced by American standards, so that the people in that country can live in a technologically advanced, free country. It is true that there is sometimes a loss of culture associated with globalization. However, skeptics forget that not all culture is good. For instance, in the past in China if a girl was born it was very likely she would have been murdered because Chinese culture dictated that only boy children were of value. The population of China did not necessarily want to have that type of culture, but their government forced certain policies and traditions onto the Chinese people. It is often better to rid a country of certain cultures that are immoral and wrong, especially those cultures which the government forces onto its people. Globalization encourages independence and choices for all citizens. Globalization in Peru has met resistance from some of the citizens. Changes caused by globalization are not always viewed as positive changes. For example, women's liberation in Peru was not embraced by some male chauvinists who believed that the only place for a woman is in the home, as a wife and a mother. Another example of people not embracing globalization is when the poverty level decreased and more people moved into the middle class, then members of the wealthy upper class responded with protests. Many of the members of the wealthy upper class opposed the influences of globalization when those influences began narrowing the gap between the social classes. Wealth is directly related to power; the wealthier a person is in Peru, the more powerful that person is. Those people want to have the rich get richer and the poor become even poorer, so they are probably against globalization. (Kentor 435-46)
Although globalization may not be the perfect solution to end all of the world's problems, it is a good start. Countries that embrace globalization, such as Peru, have benefited tremendously. Globalization is good for a country's economy, politics, and most importantly for its people. Peru was once a third-world country ravaged with poverty, oppression, and a lack of education. Globalization has contributed to the reduction of poverty, increased literacy rate, and the liberation of women in Peru. The effects of globalization can be recognized in Peru and all around the world, when technological knowledge is spread, free trade is encouraged, and political or social liberation is achieved. (Kellner 285-92)

Works Cited

Bowman, Olga Celle de. "Peruvian Female Industrialists and the Globalization Project:

Deindustrialization and Women's Independence." Gender and Society. (Aug, 2000):

Vol. 14, No. 4, 540-559. <

2432%28200008%2914%3A4%3C540%3APFIATG%3E2.0.CO%3B2-J >
*This source explained how women in Peru have been affected by globalization and how women could benefit from globalization in the future. This source explains the changing role of women in Peru and women's independence.

Genovese, Frank C. "Measuring Human Development." American Journal of Economics

and Sociology. (Oct, 1990): Vol. 49, No. 4, 457-458.


9246%28199010%2949%3A4%3C457%3AMHD%3E2.0.CO%3B2-0 >
*This source gave explanations about what the human development index is, how it is measured, and how it can be used to compare countries in different areas of development. It also gave statistical data about Peru during different time periods.

Harris, Richard L. "Introduction: Globalization and Globalism in Latin America:

Contending Perspective." Latin American Perspectives. (Nov, 2002): Vol. 29, No. 6,

Globalism in Latin America and the Caribbean, 5-23.


582X%28200211%2929%3A6%3C5%3AIGAGIL%3E2.0.CO%3B2-%23 >
*This source gave information on both the positive and negative effects of globalization in Peru. It also speculated on what changes globalization will bring to Peru in the future.

Kellner, Douglas. "Theorizing Globalization." Sociological Theory. (Nov, 2002): Vol. 20,

No. 3, 285-305. <

2751%28200211%2920%3A3%3C285%3ATG%3E2.0.CO%3B2-H >
*This source gave more information that concurred with the information about the effects of globalization in Peru that I had found from other sources. This source confirmed a lot of statements I found in the other sources.

Kentor, Jeffrey. "The Long Term Effects of Globalization on Income Inequality,

Population Growth, and Economic Development." Social Problems. (Nov, 2001): Vol.

48, No. 4, Special Issue on Globalization and Social Problems, 435-455.


7791%28200111%2948%3A4%3C435%3ATLTEOG%3E2.0.CO%3B2-X >
*This source focused on the long term effects of globalization on Peru. It gave information about how globalization will affect Peru's social classes, poverty level, and how Peruvians reacted to globalization.

Leon, Rafo. "Peru's Globalization Problem." Foreign Policy. (Nov, 2002): No. 133, 90-

91. <

7228%28200211%2F12%290%3A133%3C90%3APGP%3E2.0.CO%3B2-V >
*This source outlines the problems associated with globalization in Peru. I used this source so that I could acknowledge the problems associated with globalization and address why the benefits of globalization are worth the problems.

Taylor, Milton C. "Problems of Development in Peru." Journal of Inter-American

Studies. (Jan, 1967): Vol. 9, No. 1, 85-94. <

3118%28196701%299%3A1%3C85%3APODIP%3E2.0.CO%3B2-T >
*This source described the conditions of Peru and why the country was in need of development. This source provided evidence of how the country was before globalization so that I could fully exemplify the positive changes made by globalization.

"Impact of Globalization in Peru." Posted March 22, 2006. Last accessed October 4,

2006. < >
*This source gave another perspective on the benefits and the problems associated with globalization. It discusses the failures and the successes of globalization in Latin America. It also discusses how globalization has effected Peru.

Return to