George Orwell's Animal Farm: Two Legs: Bad, Four Legs: Just as Bad


Length: 1331 words (3.8 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Excellent
Open Document
Need writing help? Check your paper »

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Text Preview

More ↓
Four Works Cited/   Many great works have been inspired by events in history. George Orwell's Animal Farm provides an unusual outlook on the Russian Revolution and its leaders by using animals to represent their human counterparts. Orwell attacks communist society and points out weaknesses in its government officials. He calls for a close examination of the treatment of Russian citizens and questions whether they have any rights at all. Orwell was careful in his designation of animals in Animal Farm, especially in regards to the power reserved for the pigs. Animal Farm uses the perfect combination of animal symbolism to relate the occurrences on Manor Farm to actual historical events of the Russian Revolution through the use of such characters as Napoleon, Snowball, Squealer, and Boxer. Napoleon is undoubtedly the most devout and corrupt character in the novel. His domineering and brutal methods of ruling the farm draw strange but clear comparison to his human counterpart Joseph Stalin. Napoleon is described as "a large, rather fierce-looking Berkshire boar, the only Berkshire on the farm, not much of a talker, but with a reputation for getting his own way" (Orwell 25). He Ingram 2 dominates the political scene on Manor Farm, controls the education of the youth, and is a brilliant strategist when it comes to rallying support for his cause. Napoleon, throughout the novel, fails to present an idea that is original, but tends to take credit for the ideas of others (Meyers 108). Like Stalin, Napoleon is not a good speaker and is certainly not as clever as his political opponent. However, he makes good use of his resident "smooth-talker," Squealer, to insure that his subjects see the purpose of his twisted commands, while those who oppose him are merely torn apart by dogs that Napoleon reared to protect him and distribute justice as he sees fit in much the same way that Stalin used the KGB. Napoleon relies on flashy displays of power like the firing of the shotgun and fancy titles such as "Terror of Mankind," "Protector of the Sheepfold," and "Fountain of Happiness" to feed his hunger for power and invoke the other animal's support at the deepest emotional level (Smyer 86). Yet throughout his brutal reign as sole leader of the farm, Napoleon maintains a harsh regiment of work that tax the bodies of every animal under his command. Only Napoleon and the other pigs enjoy the fruits of their labor while the others are left to exist with minimal food Ingram 3 and only their pride to sustain them through their slave-like lives.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"George Orwell's Animal Farm: Two Legs: Bad, Four Legs: Just as Bad." 123HelpMe.com. 15 Dec 2017
    <http://www.123HelpMe.com/view.asp?id=2673>.
Title Length Color Rating  
George Orwell's Animal Farm Essays - How would you handle being underfed, overworked, naive, unequal and absolutely controlled. Would you feel like all your work was being done for the good of someone else. What if you became trapped by an absolute and supreme leader. The animals of Manor Farm know all these feelings. They want a community for the animals, by the animals, where all are equal and work is done for the good of the animals. Old Major, a wise old pig, holds this view of the perfect society for animals, free from human oppression....   [tags: George Orwell Animal Farm] 1031 words
(2.9 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Politics and The English Language in George Orwell´s Animal Farm Essay examples - ... Another commandment that can be changed into simpler terms is “All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others."(Orwell 133) This commandment sounds too repetitive and can be changed into something simpler like all animals are equal but others are better than other animals. Squealer gave a speech about the pigs should eat what they are given. "Comrades. He cried...Many of us actually dislike milk and apples. I dislike them myself.... Milk and apples (this has been proved by Science, comrades) contain substances absolutely necessary to the well-being of a pig....   [tags: language, society, active, passive] 675 words
(1.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Animal Farm: The World and the Words Essay - Animal Farm is a masterfully written cynical exploration into the abuse of power through language.c George Orwell's book provides a theory of power structures, equality and the very nature of human character. As a short, ten-chaptered essay, this book has made its mark on the communist and authoritarian societies with the cutting morals and the phrase “All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others” In the beginning, Mr. Jones is an antagonistic study into Czar Nicholas II and his abuse of monarchial power as he rules over the farm with an absolute law....   [tags: George Orwell] 1047 words
(3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Animal Farm, by George Orwell - Hypocrisy on Animal Farm In George Orwell’s novel Animal Farm, the animals possess many traits that humans portray such as emotion and physical qualities and activities. The novel withholds many examples of hypocrisy among the animals. These acts of hypocrisy originate from the animals hatred for the humans, which eventually transforms them into humans in an animal form and the major downfall of Animal Farm. These acts of hypocrisy are primarily summoned by the pigs in many different fashions including the higher equality, the ban on human characteristics and activity and the basis of “four legs good, two legs bad”....   [tags: Animal Farm Essays] 787 words
(2.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Animal Farm by George Orwell - Animal Farm Napoleon was able to take command of animal farm using several different methods. He used the stupid animals like the sheep and the dogs, he uses snowball as a non-present "threat" by saying that he is to blame for vicious rumours sent round the farm, probably started by one of the pigs. He also uses the pigs to mingle with other animals and talk about how wonderful Napoleon is and how he is always right. Also he uses physical things to distinguish him from the other pigs and animals....   [tags: Animal Farm Essays] 831 words
(2.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Analogy for Napoleon: George Orwell's Animal Farm Essays - When the time comes to vote for either Napoleon or Snowball, Napoleon uses Snowball to gain power by blaming everything that goes wrong on him to make the animal’s thing negatively about him and his future plans for the farm. George Orwell could make his point about the Russian revolution clearer and easier for the readers by using the animal. Napoleon is breaking the commandment number six which is no animal shall kill any other animal. After the rebellion the animals create the seven commandments....   [tags: Animal Farm Essays] 645 words
(1.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Animal Farm by George Orwell Essay - Animal Farm In the book, Animal Farm written by George Orwell, the animals raise up in rebellion against their human masters in hope for a better life. However, the quote by Lord Acton, a British historian, describes it best: "Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely." This is basically what happens. The pigs realize their intellectual superiority, and use it to their advantage. When this happens, they began to take advantage of the entire society of animals. The pigs of the story sacrifice the good of the whole just for the benefit and pleasure of their selves....   [tags: Animal Farm Essays] 1016 words
(2.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on The Clash of Themes in Animal Farm by George Orwell - The novel “Animal Farm” written by George Orwell revolves around the themes of dreams, hopes and plans. In the novel these themes clash with one another and bring out the turmoil in the novel. The writer has carefully chosen the appropriate characters which are helpful to bring out these themes. The animals in the farm, who insanely fallowed the dreamy utopian concepts which promised them a world of which everyone works well with each other and is happy, finally trapped and enslaved by the same concepts they fallowed....   [tags: totalitarian, rebellion, education] 683 words
(2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Animal Farm by George Orwell Essay - George Orwell’s Animal Farm is a story of pure propaganda. Propaganda is a recurring theme and technique seen and used by characters in the book, as well as the author. Animal Farm is an allegory that focuses on the communist revolution in Russia. Being an allegory, events in the book accurately depict actual events in history that actually relate to propaganda. Propaganda is a central element to the plot of Animal Farm. Propaganda is used by various methods in the book. These methods vary depending on who uses them....   [tags: Animal Farm Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
1482 words
(4.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
George Orwell's Animal Farm Essay - George Orwell's, Animal Farm, depicts how power can corrupt society. If one person receives too much power, one will most likely lead up to dictatorship. To exemplify this idea, Orwell uses a farm to represent a society and the animals inside to portray the people. Orwell's use of the pigs and animals are also an analogy that people sometimes act as 'mindless pigs';. Orwell makes the reader realize just how bad a society of dictatorship can really be. The initial theme of the novel is, 'power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely.'; Power, in a sense, is bad because with power, there is responsibility....   [tags: Animal Farm Essays] 483 words
(1.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]

Related Searches




Communism is not as corrosive to Napoleon as much as the ambitious accumulation of power (Hammond 162). Nonetheless, this leader's Stalin-like qualities make for a harsh life for those around him and provide the farm with poverty and inequality. Unlike Napoleon, Snowball exhibits a desire to help his fellow animals, making him Napoleon's greatest opponent and only obstacle. Snowball is also modeled after a Russian leader. His description of being "a more vivacious pig than Napoleon, quicker in speech and more inventive" (Orwell 25) makes him the perfect representation of Leon Trotsky. "Snowball embodies an expanding, dynamic view of reality; his social fabric will be permeable to the dynamic energies of an ever-changing technology" (Smyer 85). His good intentions are evident to all of the animals, and his means of assuring a better life consists of a more humane work schedule and even a retirement plan for elderly animals. Laws are also established which are conducive to the overall ideas and fundamentals of Animalism-summed up by "Four legs Good, Two legs Bad" (Orwell 40). Orwell's view of Snowball's role in this society is Ingram 4 best summed up by the following: Snowball also busied himself with organizing the other animals into what he called Animal Committees.... He formed the Egg production Committee for the hens, the Clean Tails Committee for the cows, the Wild Comrades Re-education Committee...and various others, besides instituting classes in reading and writing. (Orwell 39) Snowball is a scholar of many areas and even studies military strategy which helps him lead the animals to victory at the Battle of Cowshed where Farmer Jones attempts to regain his farm (Meyers 109). Snowball's dynamic speeches and innovative ideas give insight to his superior intelligence, which allows him to maintain control of Animal Farm until he is chased away by Napoleon's dogs. Trotsky also possessed this same intellect and speaking ability and fell victim to Lenin's KGB agents who forced him to flee of hid life. After Snowball's exile, Napoleon diminishes the population's faith in their former leader by accusing him of treason and blaming all of the problems encountered on the farm as Snowball's revenge. This reduces all of Snowball, along with his good intentions, to a mere scapegoat. Squealer plays a major role in the dictatorship of Napoleon. His role as the propagandist for the pigs Ingram 5 bestows on him the task of persuading the animals' opinions of Napoleon and justifying the leader's commands by rationalizing them to the less intelligent animals. Squealer's character corresponds to the propagandists that Lenin and Stalin used to manipulate the Russian public. The smooth-talking Squealer delights in his task of providing the ideologically correct (Smyer 124). Squealer makes up for Napoleon's inability to give dynamic speeches and alters the Seven Commandments to accommodate the desires of Napoleon and the rest of the pigs. Squealer himself is weak in character but assumes a sense of responsibility and power by performing his tasks for Napoleon. Through fast-talking and the swift whisking of his tail, he convinces the animals of Manor Farm to believe and follow Napoleon. Without Squealer, there is a chance that the animals would realize that Animalism no longer exists under Napoleon and would rebel against their leader. Among the other animals in the fable, Boxer is the best representation of the mistreated working class. Boxer is the strongest animal on the farm and is "an enormous beast, nearly eighteen hands high, and as strong as any two ordinary horses put together" (Orwell 16). Boxer is used Ingram 6 as the farm's premiere soldier and most productive laborer. He exhibits loyalty to the growth and production of Animal Farm by undertaking the toughest labor and vowing to work harder when times are tough. Boxer serves as an inspiration to the other animals and his approval of Napoleon's rule help maintain confidence in their leader. Boxer unfortunately is the least intelligent of the animals, which leads him to support ideas that he does not fully understand. He adopts the motto, "Napoleon is always right" (Orwell 60) which shows his ignorance whether it be by choice or by stupidity. Boxer wakes up earlier than the other animals to get a head start on the daily chores. Yet, despite his tireless effort, even Boxer is expendable in the mind of Napoleon and the other pigs. After Boxer's usefulness has left him, the pigs sell his body to the local glue-maker leaving Boxer with no reward for such a productive life. Animal Farm's strange depiction of the Russian Revolution provides great insight to the weaknesses of communism and dictatorships. Orwell's decision to establish the pig as the most intelligent and governing animal on the farm seems quite fitting since they are Ingram 7 regarded as dirty creatures by nature. His depiction of the downtrodden working class is masterful and invokes the reader's deepest sympathy. By using simple farm animals to draw a comparison to real life historical figures George Orwell successfully provokes thought and criticism to human nature as well as corrupt government.

 

Works Cited

Hammond, J. R. A George Orwell Companion. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1983.

Orwell, George. Animal Farm. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc, 1946.

Meyers, Jeffery. "Animal Farm Is a Strong Political Allegory." Readings on Animal Farm. Ed. Terry O'Neill. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1998.

Smyer, Richard I. Animal Farm: A Student's Companion to the Novel. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1988.

 


Return to 123HelpMe.com