Types of Authors


Length: 1630 words (4.7 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Excellent
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Text Preview

More ↓

Continue reading...

Open Document

There are many different types of authors in the world of literature, authors of horror, romance, suspense, and the type that Alice Walker writes, through personal experiences. Although most critics categorize her writings as feminist, Walker describes herself as a "womanist", she defines this as "a woman who loves other woman...Appreciates and prefers woman culture, woman's emotional flexibility... and woman's strength... Loves the spirit... Loves herself, Regardless". Walker's thoughts and feelings show through in her writing of poetry and novels. Alice Walker writes through her feelings and the morals that she has grown up with, she writes about the black woman's struggle for wholeness and sexual, political, and racial equality. Much of Walker's fiction comes from her Southern background. She was born in Eatonton, Georgia, a rural town where most blacks worked as farmers. At the age eight she was blinded in the right eye when an older brother accidentally shot her with a BB gun, after which she fell into a depression. She isolated herself from the other children, and as she explained, "I no longer felt like the little girl I was. I felt old, and because I felt I was unpleasant to look at, filled with shame. I retreated into solitude, and read stories and began to write poems." During this seclusion from other kids her age, Walker began to write poems. That’s when her career as a writer began. Despite this tragedy in her life and the feelings of inferiority, Walker became valedictorian of her class in high school and received a “rehabilitation scholarship” to attend Spelman. Spelman College was a college for black women in Atlanta, Georgia, not far from Walker’s home. While at Spelman, Walker became involved in civil rights demonstrations where she spoke out against the silence of the institution’s curriculum when it came to African-American culture and history. Her involvement in such activities led to her dismissal from the college. So she transferred to Sarah Lawrence College in New York and had the opportunity to travel to Africa as an exchange student. Upon her return, she received her bachelor of arts degree from Sarah Lawrence College in 1965. She received a writing fellowship and was planning to spend it in Senegal, West Africa, but her plans changed when she decided to take ajob as a case worker in the New York City welfare department. Walker later moved to Tougaloo, Mississippi, during which time she became more involved in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Types of Authors." 123HelpMe.com. 26 Sep 2017
    <http://www.123HelpMe.com/view.asp?id=168381>.
Title Length Color Rating  
Wrapping My Mind Around Stephen Crane’s Mind Essay - Most authors, regardless of capability, tend to have certain themes appear throughout their different pieces of writing. An author remains the same person after each book, and that person likely feels the same way about many things, so there is certainly a chance to see themes pop up multiple times throughout the works that they have written. For example, Stephen Crane had many recurring themes within his writing. He was always focused on certain themes because his writing style revolved around these themes....   [tags: Authors]
:: 6 Works Cited
1364 words
(3.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
4 Personality Types Taught by Angels Essay - 4 personality types taught by Angels Every person’s road to a success is different because every person has different personality, nature, ability, and sensibility. Therefore; although the law of success could be universalized, it is necessary to consider the law of success accordingly to different personality types. However, many authors of “how to succeed” books write about law of success basing only on their personality types. If a person has same personality type as author of “how to succeed” book, he or she may like and agree with the author’s approach to success....   [tags: Angels] 763 words
(2.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Adverbs: How To Make Your Sentences More Interesting Essay - ... There are 5 authors that divided types of adverbs into different numbers, according to their knowledge. Quirk and Greenbaum (1993) explain that there are 5 kinds of adverbs including Adverbs of Manner (slowly, quietly), Adverbs of Place (on the island, there), Adverbs of Frequency (everyday, often), Adverbs of Time (before dark, early, now) and Adverbs of Purpose (to avoid hitting the rock, to get the best price). However, Adverbs of Purpose are not appearing in other author’s work. Townend (2003) show us that there are 5 types of adverbs too, including Adverbs of Manner, Adverbs of Place, Adverbs of Frequency, Adverbs of Time and Adverbs of Degree (almost, nearly, hardly, scarcely, bare...   [tags: definitions, types, tips, use] 670 words
(1.9 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Essay about Types of Intelligence - Types of Intelligence The meaning of intelligence is a concept that varies across cultures and ideologies. According to psychologists “intelligence is the capacity to understand the world, think rationally, and use resources effectively when faced with challenges.” (Feldman, R. S. 2010). Due to the different types of human capabilities, there are different types of human intelligence. Some intelligence is expressed mentally as in existential, intrapersonal, and spatial intelligences. Existential intelligence is the capacity and inclination to consider and question philosophically....   [tags: Intelligence Intellect]
:: 3 Works Cited
1116 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
How Authors in Foreign Language and Literature Discipline Research, Compile, and Publish, Information - ... When learning a foreign language, adults cannot simply use just one method to achieve fluency; they need to understand their individual learning needs, have extensive exposure to a particular language of interest in the vernacular of people who have been exposed for long periods of time, and learn the structure of the language especially if this organizational archetype differs greatly from systems of past experience. . It is also commonly believed that there is a “critical age” for achieving fluency in a foreign language....   [tags: fluently, learn, languages, ability] 1967 words
(5.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
The Five Types of Memory Essay - The human body is a complex structure. The brain being the most complex organ has the most work to do. The human memory consists of a process in which memories are stored and remembered. According to Intelegen Inc., there is this unique process of Memory in which the process only involves three stages. In the stages of this process, the memory is formed, retained, and retrieved. There are three stages of the five different types of Memory; the three stages are encoding, storage and retrieval. The five types are Memory is classified by a few different characteristics....   [tags: memory, psychology,] 1118 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on The Different Types of Plagiarism - Plagiarism is very frequently talked about in all types of settings. Plagiarism is considered a fraud or a scam in most cases. Plagiarism is most commonly heard about and mentioned in a school environment. Since plagiarism is pretty must defined as copying somebody else’s words or ideas as their own without giving credit to the proper author or writer, it makes this issue more commonly widespread than rare in all school settings. The demand of paper work and writing assignments can be overwhelming, especially when more than one has to be written for the same week or day....   [tags: plagiarism, education] 982 words
(2.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Using Different Types of Stemmer Essay - ... Arabic Stemming Algorithms Stemming techniques can be used in the Arabic text to reduce multiple forms of the word to one form (root or stem). Stemming can be defined as the process of removing any affixes (prefixes, infixes, or/and suffixes) from words to reduce these words to their stem or roots. A root can be defined as a term Four Different methods of stemming algorithm are used in our work, three of them already applied by different authors (Khoja stemmer, light stemmer, root extractor) but I applied these stemmer on a different data set and finally a new stemmer technique is proposed in our work (wordnet stemmer)....   [tags: text classification, data processing] 1408 words
(4 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Essay on Types of Tasks for Learning - 1. real-world tasks Designed to emphasize those skills that learners need to have so they can function in the real world; such tasks simulate authentic task behavior and focus on end product. These are tasks which use authentic materials and situations. Learners are required to approximate, in class, the sorts of behaviors required of them in the world beyond the classroom (Nunan, 2004). 1.1. Rehearsal Task: helps learner to practice something they are going to need to do outside the classroom....   [tags: Vocabulary, Language] 2828 words
(8.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on Types of Business Entities - The definition of a sole proprietorship is essentially a business that is run by one person and owned by that person as well. Specifically, a sole proprietorship is separated from the other business entities because of the specific the legal dynamics between the business and the owner of the business. Moreover, because of this factor, sole proprietorships are usually easy to both form, maintain as well as dissolve if need be. In a New York Times article, the authors expressed that small businesses are typically sole proprietorships and as such, this is why it was selected as the business entity (1)....   [tags: sole proprietorship, coporation, partnership]
:: 2 Works Cited
1163 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]



She used her own and others’ experiences as material for her searing examinations of politics. She also volunteered her time working at the voter registration drive in Mississippi. Walker often admits that her decision not to take the writing fellowship was based on the realization that she could never live happily in Africa or anywhere else until she could live freely in Mississippi.
She met her future husband Melvyn Leventhal, a Jewish civil rights attorney, in Mississippi where she was an activist and teacher. In 1967 Walker and Leventhal married, becoming the first legally married interracial couple to reside in Jackson, the state capital, they had one child together one year after they got married, named Rebecca . They divorced in 1976. Since then Walker has focused more on her writing and has taught at various colleges and universities. Walker is one of the most prolific black women writers in America. Her work consistently reflects her concern with racial, sexual, and political issues-particularly with black woman's struggle for survival. She explained, "The black woman is one of America's greatest heroes"¦.Not enough credit has been given to the black woman who has been oppressed beyond recognition." Walker's insistence on giving black women their due resulted in one of the most widely read novels in America today, Alice's third novel, "The Color Purple". The was the first book I had read by Alice Walker, the novel traces thirty years in the life of Celie, a poor Southern black woman who is victimized physically and emotionally by her step-father and husband. While in her teens, Celie is repeatedly raped by her step-father, who sells the children. Then she is placed in a loveless marriage to Albert, who also beats and torments her continuously. She eventually finds peace with the help of Albert's mistress, Shug Avery, a blues signer who gives her the courage to leave her marriage. At the end of the novel, Celie is reunited with her children and with her long lost sister Nettie. Walker earned many praises for the novel along with many criticisms as well. Those who praise the book such as Peter S. Prescott would agree with him when he said, "an American novel of permanent importance, that rare sort of book which amounts to a diversion in the fields of dread". Some felt differently about certain points the book made, one being the its negative portraits of black men, people like Darryl Pinckney state, "Walker's work shows a world divided between the chosen (black women) and the unsaved, the poor miserable critter' (black men), between the 'furnace of afflication' and a 'far off, miystic land of"¦miraculous. Walker's central characters are almost always black women; the themes of sexism and racism are predominant in her work, but her impact is felt across both racial and sexual boundaries. The first novel written by Alice Walker "The Third Life of Grange Copeland" (1970), again carries many of her prevalent themes, particularly the domination of powerless women by equally powerless men. In this novel, which spans the years between the Depression and the beginnings of the civil rights movement in the early 1960s, walker showed three generations of a black sharecropping family and explored the effects of poverty and racism on their lives. Because of his sense of failure, Grange Copeland leads his wife to suicide and abandons his children to seek a better life in the North. His traits are passed on to his son, Brownsfield, who in time murders his wife. In the end of the novel, Grange returns to his family a broken yet compassionate man and attempts to make up for all the hurt he has caused in the past with the help of his granddaughter, Ruth. While some people accused Walker of reviving stereotypes about the dysfunctional black family, others praised her use of intensive, descriptive language in creating believable characters. Walker is also considered an accomplished poet. Walkers first collection, Once: Poems (1968), includes works written during the early 1960's while she attended Sarah Lawrence College. Some of these pieces relate the confusion, isolation , and suicidal thoughts Walker experienced. For she had learned her Senior year that she was pregnant and had to deal with the stressful time that followed. Revolutionary Petunias and Other Poems was Walkers second volume of poems, in this she addressed such topics as love, individualism, and revolution. When Alice Walker lived in Mississippi and was active in the civil rights movement and teaching she experienced these such things. With Walker's most recent poems she expresses her ideas of races, gender, environment, love, hate and suffering, the same topics she writes about in her novels. In addition to her novels, and poetry, Walker has also published two volumes of short stories, In Love and Trouble: Stories of Black Women (1973) and You Can't Keep a Good Woman Down: Stories (1981), both of which evidence her womanist philosophy. Walker is still very much involved in the Civil Rights Movement and has spoken for the women’s movement, the anti-apartheid movement, for the anti-nuclear movement, and against female genital mutilation. She also started her own publishing company, Wild Trees Press, in 1984. Walker refuses to ignore the tangle of personal and political themes and has produced five novels, two collections of short stories, numerous volumes of poetry, and two books of essays that address such issues. She has won fame and recognition in many countries but has not lost her sense of rootedness in the South. She also recognizes her mother as showing her the life of “an artist entailed.” In her famous essay, “In Search of Our Mothers’ Garden” she talks about watching her mother at the end of a day of back-breaking physical labor on someone else’s farm return home, only to walk the long distance to their well to get water for her garden planted each year at their doorstep. She gives her mother full credit as showing her what it means to be an artist of dedication and showing a tough conviction that life without beauty is unbearable
She received the Pulitzer Prize in 1983 for The Color Purple, perhaps her most famous work. Among her other numerous awards are the Lillian Smith Award from the National Endowment for the Arts, the Rosenthal Award from the National Institute of Arts & Letters, a nomination for the National Book Award, and the Townsend Prize. Among the many themes that Walker has addressed in her works include: incest, lesbian love, sibling devotion, sexual and racial realities, and the unavoidable connections between family and society. She is probably best known for her works on racial inequality, and Walker comments on this by saying: “Race is just the first question on a long list. This is hard for just about everybody to accept; we’ve been trying to answer it for so long.” Overall Alice Walker has been a very influential author throughout the black community, and her audiences are very much interracial. Although many of the criticisms are controversial on her view of black men and their abuse toward black women, that depiction can not be narrowed down to only that, there is much more that is present in Alice Walkers writing. Her feelings, morals and the opinions Walker has towards women, sexuality, and racial equality shine through her works of all literature.


Return to 123HelpMe.com