James Baldwin looked upon reality and illusion through the eyes of
a great author. He saw that all authors live in reality, while everyone
else lives in a sense of illusion, or not knowing the whole truth. He
shows us that the author must question everything, breaking down the
illusions that are set up by people and by our society. Baldwin shows that
normal people don't question everything, and therefore are fooled by
illusions may times. In The Great Gatsby
Fitzgerald suggests many things
and reality. I think that the strongest thing Fitzgerald
suggests is that you create your own illusion, and with this illusion, you
shape the person that you are. All of the rich people in this book have
some sort of illusion surrounding their persona, but Gatsby has the
greatest of all illusions surrounding him.
Gatsby is presented as living the charmed life, with plenty of
friends, no problems, and an honest man. In the end his whole illusion
unravels and we find that he has plenty of problems, is very crooked and
dishonest, and has no true friends
. He longs for companionship with Daisy,
and still can never have that. Gatsby's illusion surrounding him is
totally shattered in this book, partly through the actions of Tom who feels
that he must discredit his name. Tom, however discredits name to draw
Daisy away from him when he finds that Gatsby has become interested in
Daisy. When Tom confronts Gatsby, and begins to crumble his illusion,
Gatsby is as cool and confident as he always is.
Tom's voice, incredulous and insulting: I told you I went there
[Oxford]," said Gatsby.
"I heard you, but I would like to know when."
"It was in nineteen-nineteen. I only stayed for five months."
Tom glanced around to see if we mirrored his unbelief. (136)
This passage shows that even Gatsby has bought into the illusion that he
has created for himself. It is as if he has thought out the answer for
every question about his past, so that he can come off as being
distinguished and honest.
It would be hard to read The Great Gatsby without analyzing if the
narrator, Nick Carroway falls into the illusion of Gatsby. With little
hesitation I would say that Nick does fall into the illusion set up. From
the first few chapters of the book we see how everyone swoons over Gatsby,
and is in utter disbelief that Nick does not know the great and all
powerful Gatsby. Nick reacts to what everyone tells him about Gatsby in a
calm way, as the objective narrator that he is. "Well, they say he's a
nephew or a cousin of Kaiser Wilhelm's. That's where all his money comes
from... I'm scared of him. I'd hate to have to get anything on me."(37)
At this point, Nick has seen Gatsby for a total of about 10 seconds, has
never spoken to him, or even really seen him. Because of Gatsby's illusion,
people must make up wild stories and guess about his past. Catherine
(Myrtle's Sister) has drawn these conclusions about Gatsby, which I feel is
just what He would of wanted; total mystery and illusion about his past.
He wants to keep his past a secret, and set everyone up to see that he is
living a great life, everyone adores him, and has no problems. This is all
well and fine until his illusion crumbles and in turn brings the demise of
Daisy and Toms relationship, and his death. Because Gatsby set up this
fallacy, Myrtle was killed, Wilson was killed, Gatsby was killed, and
Myrtle's and Toms relationship was killed.
The reality of the whole Gatsby situation, is that he is a crooked
business man, a no good person, a cheat and a lier. Gatsby made his money
in underhanded schemes, illegal activities, and the hurting of many people.
This was all done for one reason, The love of his life, who could not
accept him because he was not rich enough.
Fitzgerald definitely does not condemn illusion, in fact, without
the illusion that he creates around Gatsby, this book would not be half the
book it is. Fitzgerald is trying to tell us through this book that we
should not fall for the mirage that people want us to believe in. I
definitely feel that Fitzgerald looks down upon illusions, as if he wants
people to stop pretending what they are not and what they will never be.
The author definitely feels that there is a place in our lives for illusion.
Illusion brings us out of the harsh, dry, despair that we live in on a
daily basis. Being a hard-nosed realist may be okay for some people, but
in my life I need a little mystery, illusion, and having things being more
than meets the eye. The Illusions main purpose is to add vitality to the
monotonous way of life we live in.
In my opinion, fantasies are totally different than illusions.
Fantasies are something that you like to see, while illusions are things
that fool you that you usually do not like. The whole persona of Gatsby
was an illusion, which may have looked like he was living the fantasy life,
but when his whole illusion crumbled, it was obvious that everyone did not
like to be fooled by him. Daisy has the fantasy that her marriage is doing
all right, although she obviously knows that it is falling apart. Daisy
creates this fantasy because she wants to believe it. When Tom's mistress
calls him, Daisy goes out into the yard and gives a lame speech about "a
bird on the lawn that... must be a nightingale come over on the Canard or
White Star Line... It's romantic, isn't it, Tom?"(20) Her fantasy makes it
possible for her to ignore the obvious signs that her marriage is falling
apart, and because she believes in this and created this, it is a fantasy.
Illusion serves a great purpose in this novel, although this is
good or bad, it is hard to decide. Definitely the illusions are looked
down upon Gatsby, but they help present the hubbub and wonder about Gatsby.
The illusions are nothing more than mirages, they make you have a false
sense of sufficiency, which can be a very bad thing when the bottom of your
illusion drops out on you, and you are left with nothing but lies.