Sociology Being Value Free


Length: 871 words (2.5 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Excellent
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Text Preview

More ↓

Continue reading...

Open Document

Sociology Being Value Free
There have been many assumptions that sociology is a science because
of the assumption that science is objective or value free. In
sociological research a problem arises when unconscious researchers
bias enter the hypothesis and research topic. Robert Bierstedt stated
that the results of an investigation or inquiry are independent for
external variable such as race, gender, occupation etc. Bierstedt is
quoted saying that ‘if his research is truly objective, it is
independent of any subjective elements that he may have’. Critics
could say that this definition of objective definition may revel
Bierstedt own values of patriarchal bias that he expresses in his own
work.



Both Comte and Durkheim held that sociological research could be
performed objectively if scientific methodologies are applied. Marx
also agreed that social research could be performed objectively if
science methodologies are applied, but held very different views about
society to Comte and Durkheim.
======================================================================



Similar to the Positivists and the Marxists, Max Weber believed that
sociological research should be value free but did not think that
complete value freedom was possible to obtain in sociological
research. However he did believe that once a research topic had been
selected the research could be performed objectively. Weber wanted to
apply natural science method to sociological research, but he claimed
these methods could not be usefully applied unaltered to the social
world. This was due to his claims that people meaning some thing when
they interact with each other, unlike chemicals in a test tube. Weber
also argued that all researcher should not be forced to make value
judgment in relation to their research i.e. they are not required to
state what aspect of society they found desirable or undesirable to
research into.
=====================================================================



Weber developed the term verstehen, which he described as attempting
to prevention of imputing meanings and values into research.
====================================================================

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Sociology Being Value Free." 123HelpMe.com. 27 Apr 2017
    <http://www.123HelpMe.com/view.asp?id=150170>.
Title Length Color Rating  
Essay Invitation to Sociology: A Classic Overview - 1. What kind of a person should a sociologist be. A sociologist should be able to observe and understand the realities of human behavior and the social settings in which it happens without being influenced emotionally or personally. What does Berger mean when he refers to sociologists as "Professional Peeping Toms?" When Berger refers to sociologists as "Professional Peeping Toms", he means to "unmask the pretensions and the propaganda by which men cloak their actions with each other." An example would be: observing how a family really interacts with each other, responds to their environment, etc., behind closed doors without them knowing so that they cannot fake the way they reall...   [tags: Sociology Essays] 627 words
(1.8 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Sociology Principles of College Essay - Sociology in Familiar Places: Expectations Norms are found in all societies. Colleges are subcultures. There is a specific way of doing things and all campuses are different. Everyone has expectations on how college life will be and the standards that come with it. “More than a wish or a hope, an expectation is something a student believes will happen, anticipates doing or experiencing. Expectations are grounded in a student's self-understanding and in knowledge about the college or university at which he or she plans to spend the next four years or more.” This superior justification of what a college student foresees by Robert Gonyea, really depicts what a scholar looks forward to in his o...   [tags: Sociology Essays] 896 words
(2.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
How an Understaning of Sociology Provides Value to My Life Essays - First I would like to discuss the online encyclopedia “Wikipedia”. The value of knowledge that it offers is unlimited since the articles can be edited by anyone with their interpretation. As a result “Wikipedia” is a storage place of knowledge for anyone who wishes to contribute. I added this site to my favorites and now when I have questions about certain concepts I check the encyclopedia along with my other references. When I look up one word I end up searching through the encyclopedia for some time because of the many related links that “Wikapedia” provides that take you to so many interesting places....   [tags: Sociology Essays] 1186 words
(3.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Sociology of the Hunger Games Essays - In a not-too-distant, some 74 years, into the future the United States of America has collapsed, weakened by drought, fire, famine, and war, to be replaced by Panem, a country divided into the Capitol and 13 districts. Each year, two young representatives from each district are selected by lottery to participate in The Hunger Games; these children are referred to as tributes (Collins, 2008). The Games are meant to be viewed as entertainment, but every citizen knows their purpose, as brutal intimidation of the subjugated districts....   [tags: Sociology Essays]
:: 2 Works Cited
1020 words
(2.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Comparing Weber's and Durkheim's Methodological Contributions to Sociology - Comparing Weber's and Durkheim's Methodological Contributions to Sociology This essay will be examining the methodological contributions both Durkheim and Weber have provided to sociology. It will briefly observe what Positivists are and how their methodologies influence and affect their research. It will also consider what interpretative sociology is, and why their type of methodology is used when carrying out research. It will analyse both Durkheim's study of Suicide and also Webers study of The Protestant work ethic, and hopefully establish how each methodology was used for each particular piece of research, and why....   [tags: Sociology Essays] 1739 words
(5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Free Will Essay - CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION According to Merriam Webster dictionary free will is the power of making free choices that are unconstrained by external circumstances or by an agency such as fate or divine will. Many people often question rather free will really exist or is it just simply a theory. For everyone action is usually a result of the law or a greater force. Therefore every action is control and not because of one choice. Yet we are not physically forced to do anything we don’t want to. The concepts of free will play a major role in politics or government, religion, philosophy, and literature....   [tags: Sociology ]
:: 1 Works Cited
1330 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Sociology Critical Reading Essay - ... His overall doctrine advocates that the society comprises of a moving balance of incompatible forces that procreate social change by their stress and struggle. For Marx, struggle rather than serene development was the mechanism of progress. According to Marx’s doctrine, men engage in hostile cooperation as soon as they leave the primitive, communal stage of development in the effort to content primary and secondary needs. As shortly as an apportionment of labor emanates in human society, that apportionment leads to the creation of hostile classes that become the primary actors in the historical drama....   [tags: capital, labor, class] 618 words
(1.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Sociology: Social Contracts Essay - Hobbes "NATURE hath made men so equal in the faculties of the body and mind as that, though there be found one man sometimes manifestly stronger in body or of quicker mind than another, yet when all is reckoned together the difference between man and man is not so considerable as that one man can thereupon claim to himself any benefit to which another may not pretend as well as he. For as to the strength of body, the weakest has strength enough to kill the strongest, either by secret machination or by confederacy with others are in the same with himself." (Hobbes, 2) If men are made equal then equality of opportunity and equality of condition should be made equivalent....   [tags: Sociology Essays 2014] 300 words
(0.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay about A Sociological Account: Summary of Hodgkinson - The term Sociology can be defined as a study of society, “the ology” of human inter-action within the collective (society). The Sociological Imagination C. Wright Mills (1916-1962) believes that sociology is the most reflective subject there is. Sociology can be used for practical purposes to identify and understand social problems. Sociologists try to study society from an objective, impartial and unbiased position. The study of sociology differs from a common sense view point, as it challenges what is accepted as normal....   [tags: Sociology, ]
:: 1 Works Cited
913 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Sociological Theories and Theorists Essay - “Origins of sociological thinking can be traced to the scientific revolution in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth century” (Kendall 11). In this time, great store was put on one’s possession of critical reasoning and experiences. In France the Enlightenment was dominated by a group called philosophes; these men believed that human society could be improved through scientific discoveries (Kendall 11). In France during this time period women were excluded from public life, but some women were able to influence the philosophes by participating in a “salon” which is much like an open house which encouraged discussion and debates....   [tags: Sociology]
:: 6 Works Cited
1260 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]

Related Searches







Gouldner was a follower of Weber he questioned what researcher are
suppose to express in their research if they are not suppose to show
any values in their research. He claims that if there was no values in
a researchers work, anyone who reader the research would not be safe
guarded against their own unconscious influences of political beliefs
etc. Gouldner claims that these values will shape the researchers
selection of problems and their preference for certain hypothesis and
the rejection of others. Gouldner claims that there is no such thing
as value free sociology, as all sociological research is based on
values a research holds about society. Gouldner wanted to reduce the
chance of biased in sociological research Gouldner claims all research
should be performed rigorously and retested to iron out and reduce the
bias in the research. Gouldner states that all researchers should
state their domain assumptions before they perform their research, to
reduce their own biases.
======================================================================



Becker was a labeller theorist he argued that sociological research
cannot be value free and that sociologist should aspect this fact that
it is impossible to do research, which is uncontaminated by the
researcher own beliefs and political values and sympathises. Becker
claims that no matter what perspective a researcher takes it will also
be bias toward one side of the research e.g. if a researcher was
researching into todays class structure depending on the researcher’s
up bring and own class will depend on where they will perform their
research. Becker claims that researchers will never be neutral and
value free because we are all human and our emotion will always get in
the way.
======================================================================

Gouldner then criticised Becker claim about value freedom in
sociological research he argues that although Becker makes it nowhere
explicit in his value free article whose side he is on. Gouldner
accuses Becker of taking the side of the underdog, although Becker
does not justify his own position. Gouldner claims that this is done
for two reasons. Firstly Becker takes the standpoint of verstehen (own
conception or reality), Gouldner claims Becker would recommend that
all studies should always be conducted from this standing point.
Beckers sentiments are always with the underdog, which Gouldner claims
creates a dilemma when performing research. Secondly Gouldner claims
that Becker will be creating a problem for his self if he sympathises
with the underdog as the social powerful are the people who fund and
allow researchers to the necessary sources. Gouldner claims that the
socially powerful could restrict or denies Becker access to his
sources due to his fondness to support the underdog, which would show
the social powerful in a bad light. Gouldner further accused Becker of
only sympathises with the underdog as he can portray them as victims
due to them being oppressed and passive, unlike the ruling class who
he would not be able to portray them as victims due to them being
powerful and politically active.

Overall sociology cannot be value free as none of the sociological
perspectives are entirely value free as they all include bias from
their founders, i.e. functionalists hold politically conservative
views that assume the existing social institutions serve a useful
purpose, this implies that anything other than slow evolutionary
change is harmful to society. Value free is a concept that was
developed by sociologist. Weber called this verstehen, which he
described as attempting to prevention of imputing meanings and values
in to research. Gouldner took Weber concept of verstehen and argued
that sociological research could not be value free, but instead the
research should be open about their dominant assumptions. Where as
Becker claims that no research will be free of the researchers values
as no matter where the researcher takes their standing point they will
always discriminate against someone. The more biases that enter a
piece of research, the more the knowledge that is reducible to the
values of researchers, where as the more rigorously the research has
been performed a higher value is placed knowledge obtained and higher
praise is placed on the to the researcher.


Return to 123HelpMe.com