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The Use of ICT Today

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The Use of ICT Today

We live in an age where vast amounts of information pass from one side
of the World to the other in seconds. At home, at school, at the
office, even in the streets, we are bombarded with a dazzling variety
of information, which is right at our fingertips IF we know how to use
it!

The important issue closely related to working with ICT is how to use
it effectively. The majority of ICT equipment, especially modern
computers and software, are expensive and as all schools have limited
recourses, it is important to use them effectively to provide the best
possible ICT teaching. It is much more efficient to use a class set of
graphic calculators with special OHP calculator used by the teacher
than just one or two PC per class, which would be comparable in price.
There is an opinion that the future in using ICT in teaching
mathematics lies not in using computer classes but in using
interactive whiteboards in every lesson. Personal computers are
excellent resources but by their very nature they are best used for
individual independent learning, not in class situation. In my
experience in working in computer classes the teaching plans had to be
adapted in such way that the pupils could follow instructions on the
specially prepared worksheets individually.

There are many different ways that ICT affects our everyday life here
are some examples.

ICT has the potential to make radical changes in the links between
home and school. The huge increase in home-based computers and the
ability of people to access the web from the comfort of their own PCs
has created new possibilities for ICT to increase opportunities for
pupils to extend learning beyond their schools' walls.

It is not just extended classroom-based tasks using ICT that can
contribute to the developing links between home and school. Some
games, for instance, are known to have educational benefits as they
develop skills.

The Internet is a network that links other networks of computers, and
allows them to exchange information around the world. Internet
technologies make use of the Internet. These technologies were
created to facilitate better communication across vast areas.
Internet technologies include:

World Wide Web (WWW)

E-mail

Multimedia

Encryption

Internet connections are technologies that provide access to the
Internet. These technologies have allowed both organisations and home
computer users to join/access the Internet. Internet connections
include:

Modem

ISDN

ASDL

Broadband

Mobile telephone technologies have developed rapidly over recent
years. The phones and the functions have become more advanced. Some
phones even allow access to the Internet through a computer or
directly. Mobile telephone technologies include:

SMS

WAP

Currently television is broadcasted using an analogue signal, but the
analogue signal is due to be cut by 2010. This will mean television
pictures will only be available on the digital network. Digital
broadcasting allows more information to be transmitted at a faster
rate, improving the quality and quantity of the services provided. A
digital network will also allow a whole host of services to be carried
together on the same circuits – telephone, Internet, television, etc.
Digital television can be interactive, for example playing games and
communicating.

Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) and organisers are small hand-held
computers and they have evolved rapidly and continue to do so. They
can be used for keeping diaries, an address book, making notes and
sending and receiving e-mails. Most PDAs use touch screen technology
and can be linked to a PC. With links to a telephone network, PDAs
allow network computing anywhere and at any time.

Storage media allows data to be saved and used again. The types of
storage media available have increased rapidly over the past few
years. Magnetic storage media, such as floppy discs, has been
gradually taken over by other forms such as CD’s, which allows greater
volumes of data to be stored. This type of technology is developing
even further, with media such as:

DVD

Minidisk

Touch screen technologies allow options/menus to be selected at the
touch of the screen. On touch sensitive screens there are
criss-crossing beams of infra-red light just in front of the glass.
When the screen is touched and the rays are broken and the computer
detects the position of the finger. This technology is seen in a wide
variety of areas. For example electronic tills, video games, ticket
ordering, etc.

Computers are now used in almost every aspect of daily life. It
would be virtually impossible to carry out every day activities if the
technology were to be removed. The availability and the cost of
technology, home computers and Internet access, means that more and
more people have a PC for home use. It is important to understand how
this technology works in order to recognise the affects it has on the
quality of life.

One aspect where we can see this effect is in the development of
on-line services, allowing business customers to shop, bank and
investigates products and services from home with a click of the
mouse.

Online Shopping

A number of businesses in order to attract more customers provide
facilities for shopping on-line. With varied working hours, 24-hour
access to an Internet shopping facility and home delivery can appear
highly attractive to someone that finds it difficult to get to the
shop in person.

Online Banking

ICT is used in banking in three main ways – processing cheques,
operating ATMs and it allows home banking. Home banking uses the
Internet or telephone to give the customer access to their bank
accounts 24-hours a day. It allows people to make payments and
transfer funds at any time, again making it more convenient for the
customer. Tesco have even made it possible to send text messages to
the mobile phone of their customers, to let them know how much there
bank account holds.

Comparing Products – Travel, Financial Services and Online Auctions

Another aspect is that such technology has allowed the customer to
search for a product and the prices from a variety of businesses,
whether it is finding a holiday, a pension or visiting an auction
online. It reduces travel and the time spent by the customer when
weighing up their options.

ICT has allowed businesses to offer and provide more specialised,
technical services that help their customers personally or
professionally.

They can design and construct a customised database for the business,
making their operations run more efficiently and effectively. For
example, BT’s directory enquiry service makes use of a database
whether you ring them up or access it through the Internet.

Another aspect is regarding the security side of a business’s
operations. Security could refer to the security of their network or
their premises and ICT can be used to protect either. Hardware and
software has been developed to provide state of the art security
systems making the information or premises more secure.

Call centres deal with a wide variety of issues. For example they
could be a customer help line or where a customer can order a
product. With ICT having a direct influence on the telephone network,
this allows businesses that run call centres to process a greater
volume calls. Once a call is taken, the operators have access to a
workstation that means they have access to their business database and
can deal with the customer efficiently.

Customer enquiries could be dealt with at a call centre or many
businesses with a web site have a link where you can e-mail them with
your enquiry.

Marketing is about getting the potential customer to buy your product,
a product that the customer wants. Advertising is linked in with
marketing. Advertising is any message about itself or its products or
services that the business has paid for.

There are 4 main reasons why businesses advertise. These are:

To make consumers aware of new products

To remind consumers about existing products

To persuade consumers to switch from rival products

To improve the image of the business

All this leads to the business ultimately wanting to sell more of its
product or service.

CD players and Walkmans are becoming a thing of the past as MP3
players and minidisk players are breaking through head to head to
become number one.

ICT USED IN SCHOOLS

Interactive whiteboards enable teachers to demonstrate and not have
their backs to pupils. Touch screens can be used in education centres,
not necessarily just in schools. Tests should be completed on touch
screen computers because they will also tell you how much time you
have left and they allow you to change an answer as many times as you
like. It will record the answers you give. They use these on driving
theory tests.

ICT can affect the place where you work because with e-mail and
Intranets you can work from home. The pupils could use distance
learning. This is also available for adults who enrol on Learn Direct
courses. Also, working from home is convenient because you can change
the hours you work, and where you work to what is more comfortable for
you. This benefits you because your stress load will decrease because
you can e-mail work to the person in charge. This would be useful for
someone who is unable to attend school/college and needed to make up
the work with homework assignments because they can e-mail the
completed work to the teacher. Although, working from home would cut
off contact with people you see everyday at work. Learning in school
means people have advantages when they go into work, e.g. having word
processing skills means people need less training in basic skills.
Teachers can carry around mobile phones and laptops to keep in contact
with other colleagues when they are not at work because they are on
courses.

Students can type up homework, coursework and revision notes. They can
research on the Internet. They can also back up pieces of work, and if
the first version was lost, they could retrieve the backup copy and
continue to work from that. They can also carry between home and
school, this dramatically reduce the amount of paperwork the pupils
have to carry to and from school. Although, they must remember to take
care of the disk and not subject it to extreme heat (by putting it
near radiators) or magnets because they could destroy the disk.
Teachers will need to restrict Internet usage and put filters on
offensive pages. This prevents them from being shown to students. The
Internet can be useful for student’s work and revision, e.g. finding
past exam papers. Although using copyright material is illegal,
security is not always good on the Internet because people can hack
into the Internet and find anything.

Using computers for a long period of time can have health risk:
radiation, backache, wrist pain and eyesight.

The codes and practise rules must be identified for use with software,
for example, the copying of software is illegal (computer misuse act).
Schools admin systems and files to prevent damage to files, and the
anti virus program needs to be updated regularly because viruses are
being updated. There are many viruses that can be transferred to your
computer by:

· E-mail attachment

· Floppy disk

· CD ROM drive

· Off the Internet

Ted Attikons has ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) and he also has a
Psychiatric disability, this means he cannot sit calmly and do a set
task, a psychiatric disability (or mental illness) can develop at any
age and is often apparent to other people. Psychiatric disabilities
are often the most misunderstood disabilities in the community, and
peoples' attitudes are often based on prejudice and myth (e.g.
schizophrenics are potentially violent). Mental illnesses can include
stress-related conditions, major depression, bipolar disorder
(formally called manic-depressive illness), anxiety, and
schizophrenia. Depression is the most common non-psychotic mental
illness (psychosis being a disorder which features the loss of contact
with reality). The causes of different mental illness are not clearly
understood, but they are often linked with genetic and environmental
factors.

He cannot talk or walk, and communicates in different ways, he waves
and use sign language, but the kind he uses is when playin charades,
he under stands everything that is said to him, he depends on a
wheelchair that is hooked to a touch system, this allows mobility, he
also uses a touch system to communicate to his helpers

[IMAGE]This is the touch system, is the one that is hooked to his
wheelchair.[IMAGE]

This helps everyone around him hear what he is saying, with a touch of
his finger, this is ICT at its best, as I described earlier the touch
systems use infra red to cover the screen and when you press on the
screen you stop the infra red

[IMAGE]

[IMAGE]

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MLA Citation:
"The Use of ICT Today." 123HelpMe.com. 18 Apr 2014
    <http://www.123HelpMe.com/view.asp?id=149570>.




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