Geography of Canada

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Geography of Canada

Townships in Canada are very diverse and dispersed, especially in
Ontario. They vary greatly in their economic make up and what each one
stands for. Dryden and Markham are very different in size and
specialties. Dryden is very much directed towards its agriculture and
lumber industry, unlike Markham which specializes in manufacturing and
service industry. Both the towns are vital in the Canadian economy in
their own way, they vary in the way they came about their
specializations, their size and location.

Markham holds a population of 208,615 as of 2001 in an area of
212.47km2 .[1] Its exact location is on the North east side of
Metropolitan Toronto. Its first settlers were brought there by the
promise of free farmland. The area was primarily agricultural and
rural. Shortly after World War II, the township grew and began to
industrialize. It is now a significant town which is home to many
electronic manufacturers and other financial companies. It is no
longer home to agricultural based companies. On the other hand Dryden,
Ontario is the opposite, in that it depends heavily on their land
resources. The town’s population is 8198 and its area is that of only
65.31 km2.[2] It has been this was since its inception as a town in
1894. It heavily depends on its pulp and paper industry because those
resources are the economic base for the town.

Specialization of towns comes about in many ways. In the case of
Markham it was as a result of the growth of Toronto and in turn
transformed Markham into a suburb. After this the town’s population
grew rapidly and the agricultural landscape was almost completely
erased from sight. Some of its current specializations include finance
(a major one), wholesale, manufacturing, retail etc. All of these help
out Metropolitan Toronto to run smoother by being the mass producer of
a wide range of goods. Dryden’s specialty came about due to the nature
of the land and its capabilities. The land is highly forested, hence
the pulp and lumber industry being the main one.

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One of the major reasons that these two towns specialize in different
areas is location. Markham is located on the outskirts of a major city
and therefore has many more people that commute to the city to work.
Dryden is located in countryside and has fewer residents in comparison
to Markham. They specialize in basically one main industry as opposed
to Markham which has many more because of its size and location.

Size location and population number are all factors that contribute to
the way towns and cities are formed. Dryden and Markham are both
important to the Canadian economy in their own way, whether it’s a big
or small contribution its all counts.


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[1]
http://thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0002414.
The Canadian Encyclopedia © 2005 Historica Foundation of Canada

[2] ibid.


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