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Population Distribution

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Population Distribution
Population distribution is the pattern of where people live. World
population distribution is uneven. Places which are sparsely populated
contain few people. Places which are densely populated contain many
people. Sparsely populated places tend to be difficult places to live.
These are usually places with hostile environments e.g. Antarctica.
Places which are densely populated are habitable environments e.g.

Q1, b, Define the term "Population Density."

Population density is a measurement of the number of people living in
an area, and it is an average number. Population density is calculated
by dividing the number of people by area. Population density is
usually shown as the number of people per square km.

Q2, a, Describe the population distribution in Spain.

Currently, the greatest population density is recorded in the provice
or city of Madrid, roughly 605 inhabitants per square km, followed by
the Basque speaking provinces, measuring 295 per square km, the Canary
Islands, Catalunya, Balearic Islands and Valencian Community (all with
between 200 and 100 inhabitants per square km.)

The lowest density is found in Castilla-La Mancha, Aragon, Extremadura
and Castilla-Leon, with less than 30 inhabitants per square km.

As the population is distributed over an area of just over five
hundred thousand square kilometres, its density stands at 76.8
inhabitants per square km, considerably lower than the rest of Europe,
but typical of most MEDC's.

Q2, b, Describe the population distribution in Nigeria.

The size of its population is one of Nigeria's most significant and
distinctive features. Nigeria's population is about twice the size of
that of the next largest country in Africa, Egypt. Nigeria represents
about 20 percent of the total population of sub-Saharan Africa. The
population is unevenly distributed, however; a large percentage of the
total number live within several hundred kilometres, in the city of
Lagos, but the population is also dense along the northern river basin
areas such as Sokoto. Population densities, especially in the
southwest near Lagos and the rich agricultural regions, 400
inhabitants per square km.

In contrast, other areas of Nigeria are sparsely populated and have
apparently remained so for a considerable time. This pattern of
population distribution has major implications for the country's
development. These sparsely populated areas are due to the fact that
most of Nigeria is uninhabitable, especially in the hot and desert
like interior. This leads to grouping around the coastal cities.

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MLA Citation:
"Population Distribution." 23 Apr 2014

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