Free Essays - Animal Farm As A Social Criticism

  • Length: 1009 words (2.9 double-spaced pages)
  • Rating: Excellent
Open Document

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Text Preview

More ↓

Continue reading...

Open Document

Animal Farm As A Social Criticism
           Writers often use social criticism in their books to show corruptness or weak points of a group in society.  One way of doing this is allegory which is a story in which figures and actions are symbols of general truths.  George Orwell is an example of an author who uses allegory to show a social criticism effectively.  As in his novel Animal Farm, Orwell makes a parody of Soviet Communism as demonstrated by Animal Farm's brutal totalitarian rule, manipulated and exploited working class, and the pigs' evolution into the capitalists they initially opposed.
 Totalitarianism is a political regime based on subordination of the individual to the state and strict control of all aspects of life.  It was used by Stalin and the Bolsheviks in Russia during the 1920's and 30's and is parodied in Animal Farm by Napoleon, the "almighty" leader, and his fellow pigs and their ridiculous propaganda and rigorous rule. In the book, Napoleon is deified and made superior to all other animals on the farm, for example he is called emperor or leader while everyone else was referred to as a "comrade", and all the pigs were given higher authority then the rest of the animals.  An inequality between the pigs and rest of the farm was that the pigs lived in the farm house while the other majority had to sleep in pastures.  A certain pig Squealer who could "turn black into white" was in charge of propaganda, and he would often change the commandments of the farm so that they would fit the actions of Napoleon or the "upper class" of the farm which was supposedly classless.  For example, at one time a commandment read "No animal shall drink alcohol"(P. 75), but soon after Napoleon drank an abundance and almost died the commandment was changed to "No animal shall drink to excess." which made it seem as though Napoleon was within the rules.  Another instance where Napoleon showed severe rule was when everyone on the farm who had either pledged for or showed support at one time for Snowball, the exiled former leader, was executed on the spot.  This act was a humorous resemblance of The Great Purge in Russia where all opposition was killed off.  The governing system of the Animal Farm was truly corrupt, but it did not stop with the propaganda and executions.
 At first on the Animal Farm, it was promised to the majority of the animals who were neither Napoleon or a pig, or the so-called "working class", that "from each according to his ability to each according to his needs", no more, no less.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Free Essays - Animal Farm As A Social Criticism." 19 Jun 2018
Title Length Color Rating  
The Russian Revolution and Animal Farm Essay - The book Animal Farm by George Orwell was written in comparison to the way that the Russian revolution had taken place. The main idea of the book was that the petite bourgeoisie’s (the middle class people) were the ones who took advantage of the revolt. The petite bourgeoisie moved up the social tower to be the bourgeoisie (the noble class). The proletariat (peasants) did not want to rebel because they were to worried about what they were going to eat the next day. Mr. Jones the owner and farmer of the Manor Farm from the book Animal Farm symbolizes Czar Nicholas II, leader of Russia during the revolution....   [tags: Animal Farm Essays] 1422 words
(4.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Parrhesia in 1984 and Animal Farm Essay - Parrhesia in 1984 and Animal Farm Nietzsche: "Where I found a living creature, there I found will to power" (Thus Spake Zarathustra, 1961, 137) Introduction "Parrhesia" (<em>f</em>à<em>f</em>Ñ<em>f</em>á<em>f</em>á<em>f</em>×<em>f</em>â,,]<em>f</em>Ñ<em>f</em>w, "Parrhesiastes" (<em>f</em>à<em>f</em>Ñ<em>f</em>á<em>f</em>á<em>f</em>×<em>f</em>â<em>f</em>Ù<em>f</em>Ñ<em>f</em>â<em>f</em>ã<em>f</em>{,,G<em>f</em>ì<em>f</em>w<em>f</em>nand "Parrhesiastic" are all referring to a concept that Michel Foucault first introduced digging them out of the ancient works of Greco-Roman era....   [tags: 1984 and Animal Farm] 4414 words
(12.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Animal Farm, by George Orwell - Animal Farm The animals (characters) in this movie acted as though they were humans. At the beginning, everything seemed normal, although the animals spoke to one another. Before I knew it, everything got out of hand and the people shot at the animals. Then, the animals attacked the people. The most depressing part of the whole movie was the fact that the pigs had all the power. The power to run the farm as they chose, the power to make the rules and the power to communicate with the humans until greed took over and everything got out of hand....   [tags: Animal Farm Essays] 879 words
(2.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Politics in George Orwell's Animal Farm Essay - Politics in George Orwell's Animal Farm "Power corrupts, but absolute power corrupts absolutely" –Lord Acton (1834-1902). It is believed and can be notably seen in the past that many great people become dangerous and corrupt under vast amounts of power. It is this which is usually the greatest cause of their downfall. As we know many people fail, lose their status, or reputation when they are in a higher position. People of status, who have large amounts of control seem to become "power-hungry" and find it necessary to have it in their everyday lives, they need this power to function....   [tags: George Orwell Animal Farm] 1301 words
(3.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Animal Farm Essay - George Orwell’s political satire “Animal Farm” makes some interesting contrasts between the patriotic character of Old Major, an older majestic looking pig, and Napoleon, a pig who seems to bide his time waiting for the right moment to seize control for his own evil purpose. Old Major makes a patriotic speech to the assembled group, expounding the virtues of animalism (socialism) In effect he is calling for a utopian socialism in which the community must sacrifice for the collective well being of its members....   [tags: Animal Farm Essays] 828 words
(2.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Animal Farm: Communism Through The Eyes Of George Orwell Essay examples - Animal Farm: Communism Through The Eyes of George Orwell Throughout history, writers have written about many different subjects based on their personal experiences. George Orwell was the pen name of Eric Blair. He is one of the most famous political satirists of the twentieth century. He was born in Bengal, India in 1903 to an English Civil Servant and died in 1950. He attended Eton from 1917 to 1921, and served with the Indian Imperial Police in Burma from 1922 to 1927 before moving to Europe.Two of his most famous books, Animal Farm, written in 1946, and Nineteen Eighty-Four, written in 1949, were written about the political and social environment surrounding his life....   [tags: Animal Farm Essays fc]
:: 5 Works Cited
2476 words
(7.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on The Contemporary Relevance of "Animal Farm" - George Orwell wrote a unique story in 1945 to criticize the political system of that time. He uses animal characters to tell his story. The novel effectively portrays how animals rebel human leadership with the intent to rule themselves. Some animals pursue the rebellion because they believe they are going to be free at last. However, as events turn out, they end up in more oppression by one of their kind. The animals end up in disappointment and slavery. Orwell brings out the political theme carefully....   [tags: Literary Analysis]
:: 8 Works Cited
1768 words
(5.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay about Fascism in Animal Farm - In 1943 George Orwell started to work on Animal Farm, a “Fairy Story” that speaks against the political and social dangers of totalitarianism. Animal Farm incorporates the corruption of the bourgeoisie with the false consciousness of the proletariat to create a society that mirrors the one ruled by Joseph Stalin. Orwell replaces his real life inspirations for the book with animal characters, which fit in perfectly with his theme of the manipulation of language within society. Orwell’s Animal Farm gives its readers the perfect example of how corrupted a government can become, while the society its governing will not even notice....   [tags: George Orwell, literary criticism of communisim ]
:: 1 Works Cited
875 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Animal Farm Essay - The work of George Orwell Animal Farm uncovers a burning issue of all states of all time. This is a problem of governance. In Animal Farm George Orwell wants to show the problems, which lead to the destruction of justice in the whole state. His work based on an example of the USSR. Using this example, the writer wants such perspective not to involve all humanity. Orwell describes how the society that was meant to be just was transformed into a tyranny. During all story, the author pays attention to the variety of reasons that lead to a tyranny, which also can be interpreted as a dictatorship....   [tags: George Orwell, society, tyranny, dictatorship]
:: 4 Works Cited
1137 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Animal Cruelty Essay - Animal cruelty is any act of violence or neglect against an animal. A few things one may have seen are an animal tied up outside for all hours of the day with no food or water or maybe a person has seen an owner purposely hit their dog. Animals, like humans, have feelings and reactions to the way they are handled: abused animals could become dangerous to society. Society most often defines animal cruelty as the infliction of physical pain, suffering, or death upon an animal when not necessary for purposes of training, discipline, or to procure food (MSPCA Angell 1)....   [tags: Animal Rights]
:: 8 Works Cited
2290 words
(6.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]

Related Searches

In other words, if all the animals worked to their capabilities they would get the work back in rations.  This system worked for a while, but stopped when Napoleon and his Totalitarian government took over, and the system was manipulated.  Napoleon and his fellow pigs gave the animals unfair hours of labor and unfair rations for their work which corrupted the system.  Napoleon attempted to keep the animals intact by inspiring them with slogans, "Napoleon is always right." and "I will work harder."(P.40) This seemed to work because no animal would refuse to do their job because of the fear of their food supply being cut as a penalty. As an example, Napoleon announced that all animals would have to work voluntary Sunday afternoons, but any animal who absented himself from it would have his ration reduced by half(P. 42).  Napoleon gave the animals long, many hour days so that the farm could move toward industrialization with  the building of a windmill, much like The Five Year Plan of Russia.  This act was made comical because much like in Russia the plan kept on failing, but the government proceeded in actions anyway.  The so-called "working class" of the Animal Farm which at first had a bright future was turned into more of a "slave class". 
 Animal Farm started with a dream, a dream of old Major's which was for the animals of England specifically the Manor Farm to rebel against the humans, take over the farm, and live at peace amongst themselves.  This dream soon became a reality for the animals of the Manor Farm as they defeated their master, Mr. Jones, in the Battle of Cowshed with their battle cry "Four legs good, two legs bad", and took over the farm which they renamed Animal Farm.  The first leader was Snowball who ruled along with his fellow pigs and kept Major's dream alive, only to be expelled from the farm soon after he took over.  The next leader was Napoleon, who brought a whole new type of Totalitarianist government to the Animal Farm.  The farm which was supposed to be equal and free of class had a distinct governing body or "upper class" with the pigs and a distinct "working class" or majority which was everyone, but the pigs.  The "working class" was manipulated and old Major's dream was going away.  Eventually, the seven commandments which were set forth at the beginning were changed in to one commandment that read "All animals are equal but some animals are more equal than others".  Indeed, the pigs had become like their worst, most hated enemy, the human, and Major's dream and the hard work of the majority of the animals on the farm had been wiped away much like Lenin's dreams for Russia were.
 In fact, Animal Farm and the Russian Revolution were alike in many ways.  Both started with bright ideas for a future and ended with a corrupt government taking over only to turn the colony into what it initially opposed.  The setting of a farm with animals to represent revolutionary figures in an extreme country seems outrageous, but the idea can be perceived very well in this novel. Orwell combines some great humor into this symbolic story to give a bad effect on Russia in the time of its Revolution, making a mockery of Totalitarian rule, the "working class", and idealization for the future.


Return to