The Fundamentals of Haj Tamattui
Length: 991 words (2.8 double-spaced pages)
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The sequence of events done in Haj Tammatui (which counts for Haj and
Umrah) is as follows:
1. Entering into Ihram from Miqat
Before wearing the Ihram, one should take the opportunity to shower
and clean one's self. One must then wear the Ihram, which consists of
a loincloth and an apparel, with the head uncovered for men, whereas
women are to wear their Islamic custom, wearing neither face cover nor
gloves. However, a woman may cover her face with a slight veil only if
her beauty is tempting enough to cause seduction. Then the intention
is declared which is: "Labbayka-Allahumma-Hajjan"
After taking these steps it is prohibited for the pilgrims to wear
sewn clothes, remove or pluck hairs, clip nails, cover their heads,
use perfume, hunt, enter into marriage contracts, have sexual
intercourse, or cut the trees of the Sacred Precinct.
When the sacred precinct (miqat) is reached the talbiyah should be
chanted by men rasing their voice and saying:
"Labbayka-Allahumma-Labbayk. Labbayka La Sharika Laka Labbayk. Inna
Al-Hamda Wan-Ni`mata Laka Wal-Mulk. Laa Sharika Lak." However women
should let their voice be audible only to themselves.
2. Arrival Tawaf
Stop chanting Labbayk and go around the Ka`bah for seven circles.
Begin the Tawaf from the Black Stone. One must hasten during the first
three rounds of Tawaf and walk during the other four. On starting
Tawaf from the Black Stone say: "In the Name of Allah; Allah is
3. Sa`y (Going Between Safa and Marwah)
One must ascend Mount-Safa and recite the Quranic verse which goes,
"Behold! Safa and Marwa are among the Symbols of Allah. So if those
who visit the House in the Season or at other times, should compass
them round, it is no sin in them. And if any one obeyeth his own
impulse to good,- be sure that Allah is He Who recogniseth and knoweth."
Then one must face the Ka`bah and raise one's hands for supplication
while saying the following thrice: "There is no god but Allah, Who
fulfilled His Promise, gave victory to His servant, and defeated the
Start performing the Sa`y from Safa to Marwah walking, and when you
reach the two green signs hasten your walk for a while, but do not
run. Then return to your normal phase of walk. On getting to Marwah,
ascend it, face the Ka`bah and say as you've said on Safa. Going back
to Safa walk easily and hasten on reaching the green sign.
The same steps are repeated in each of the seven circuits. Note that
Safa to Marwah is reckoned as one circuit and coming back from Marwah
to Safa is another circuit.
4. Shaving or shortening Hair:
After finishing `Umrah, shave your hair completely or have it
shortened. As for women, they should shorten their hair slightly.
Moreover, one should put on his ordinary clothes, wear perfume and
then assume Ihram intending Hajj on the Day of Tarwiyah.
5. On the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah (The Day of `Arafat)
It is recommended for pilgrims, on reaching `Arafat, one must go to
the Mosque of Namirah and perform prayer in the congregation, joining
both Zuhr (noon) and `Asr (afternoon) Prayers together shortened at
the time of Zuhr. In this case, one Azan (Prayer Call) is made and two
It is necessary to be within the borderlines of `Arafat, but it is not
necessary to ascend Jabal Ar-Rahmah. At the sunset, one must go
Muzdalifah very calm and peacefully, chanting Labbayk throughout the
6. Spending the Night at Muzdalifah:
One must collect 7 pebbles to throw them on the first day of `Eid
Al-Adha, and 21 for the second day, and another 21 for the third day,
so that the number of all the pebbles would be 49.
Before the sunrise, one must go to Mina to throw the pebbles there.
One must wk in calmness and keep on chanting the talbiyah throughout
7. On the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah:
On reaching Mina, one must perform the ritual of throwing the stones
(pebbles) of Al-`Aqabah successively, one after the other and stop
chanting Labbayk on reaching Al-`Aqabah, and celebrate Allah's
Greatness (by saying "Allah Akbar"!) with each stone you throw.
8. Shaving or Haircut:
After throwing the stones at Al-`Aqabah, men should have their hair
cut or shaven altogether, whereas women have to cut part of their hair
equal to a finger's tip. Doing so, the pilgrims get partially out of
Ihram (the state of a pilgrim's sanctity), so that they wear their
usual clothes and use perfume, without offering Hady (immolation).
9. Slaughtering the Hady (Sacrificial Animal):
Then one must slaughter the sacrificial animal as an expression of
gratefulness to Allah that He has bestowed His Grace on you and has
given you all facilities to perform the Hajj
However, if you cannot do the slaughtering by yourself, you can credit
the price of the sacrificial animal in one of the certified (Islamic)
banks in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, so that they can undertake
slaughtering the Hady on your behalf.
10. Tawaf Al-Ifadah: (Circumambulation performed after returning from
After performing all the aforementioned steps, one must go to Makkah
to perform Tawaf Al-Ifadah. Follow the same steps of Arrival Tawaf as
mentioned earlier. On finishing Tawaf Al-Ifadah one can undertake
everything previously prohibited for you due to Hajj rituals.
11. The 11th of Dhul-Hijjah: Spending the Night at Mina
It is preferable for you to spend the night at Mina if you can. This
is the starting day of the Days of Tashreeq, about which the Prophet,
peace be upon him, said: "On the Days of Tashreeq, enjoy foods and
drinks and remember Allah." So it is commendable to celebrate Allah's
Greatness recurrently after prayer and at every time and place; at
markets, streets â€¦ etc.
12. Throwing the Stones (at Al-`Aqabah)
The time for throwing the stones at the three Jamarat starts in the
afternoon They are to be thrown in ascending order; the smaller, the
middle, then the greater. Each one of the Jamarat is to be thrown with
seven stones successively, one after the other. While throwing each
stone celebrate Allah's Greatness, saying "Allahu-Akbar" (Allah is
Greatest). While throwing the stones at the three Jamarat it is
commendable, first, to make the smaller one between you and the Qiblah
(Prayer Direction); second, to proceed to the middle one, facing
Qiblah and supplicate Allah for a long time and then throw the stones;
finally, to proceed to the greater Jamarat, putting Qiblah to your
left and Mina to your right and throw the stones.
13. The 12th of Dhul-Hijjah: Spending the Night at Mina During the
Days of Tashreeq
Make use of the period before zenith by doing good deeds, helping
others and remembering Allah, and after zenith throw the stones at the
three Jamarat, exactly as you did on the previous day, and with the
After this one can go before the time of sunset, but it is better to
stay at Mina till the following day.
14. The 13th of Dhul-Hijjah: Throwing the Pebbles
One must throw the stones at the three Jamarat in the afternoon,
exactly as you did on the last two days.
15. Tawaf Al-Wada` (Farewell Circumambulation Around the Ka`bah)
When one intends to go home, one must go to Makkah and make Farewell
Tawaf around the Ka`bah.
After the accomplishment of the mentioned actions in order one obtains
Hajj Tamatuii, which is a Haj and an Umrah. Its well worth it!