Pre-Columbian Civilizations


Length: 365 words (1 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Excellent
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Text Preview

More ↓

Continue reading...

Open Document

Pre-Columbian Civilizations


Cultures had been flourishing thousands of years before the Europeans arrived to the New World. Great empires such as the Aztecs, Mayans, and Incas inhabited the vast lands of Central and South America. These three major powers controlled the land before Columbus or Cortez were even born. Although the Pre-Columbian civilizations and the Europeans shared some similar ideas, life was very different in the New World compared with that of Middle Age Europe.
In the New World were the three main Civilizations, The Aztecs, The Mayans, and the Incas. Even though these civilizations were from the same area, they all have different cultures and thoughts. Many similarities can be found but the differences can be spotted when the cultures are looked at in depth.
The Aztec Civilization covered most of present day Mexico. It was made up of marauding bands of warriors who migrated from the north. The God of Sun and War for the Aztecs was Huitzilpochtli.
The Mayan Civilization was the oldest of the three, it sprang up around 2500 B.C.E. in present day Guatemala and covered the jungles of the Yucatan peninsula.
The Inca civilization started around 1200A.D. and was found in the Andes mountains in what is now Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Chile.
Like the Pre-Columbian Civilizations, the Middle Age kingdoms of Europe had similar qualities such as the governmental structures. Spain, Portugal, England, and the rest of Europe used the Feudal System to sort out the social differences. The King and Queen were the head of state, followed by princesses, princes, bishops, and other church officials. Then came the merchants and artisans trailed by the lowly serfs and peasants who work the land for the system.
The discovery of the new world is what led to the fall of the Aztecs, Mayans, and Incas. The Europeans were greatly outnumbered when they arrived in the New World, and could have easily been squashed by the warriors of these mighty Pre-Columbian civilizations. Lack of knowledge and trickery were what lead to their down-fall. The "Indians" were left dumbfounded as they tried to figure out what horses were and how it was possible that a man and horse were not the same creature. La Malinche led the Aztecs to believe that the horses could talk and think for themselves and that Herenan Cortez was really a god.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Pre-Columbian Civilizations." 123HelpMe.com. 23 Sep 2017
    <http://www.123HelpMe.com/view.asp?id=125161>.
Title Length Color Rating  
Essay about Pre-Columbian civilizations - Long before any white man ever set foot in this hemisphere, there were fully functional and highly developed societies here. These civilizations were sophisticated, could even be considered more advanced than the European nations at the time. While the rest of the Eastern world was in the dark Middle Ages, the people here were flourishing. The Aztecs were the Native American people who dominated northern México at the time of the Spanish conquest led by Hernan CORTES in the early 16th century. According to their own legends, they originated from a place called Aztlan, somewhere in north or northwest Mexico....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 2 Works Cited
1527 words
(4.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Taking a Look at the Inca Civilizaiton Essay - ... They had a very profound networks of canals which they built cutting down the hills and were stone covered and were more than kilometers long. To deal with the problem of agriculture in the hilly region, Incas chopped down the hills as steps the idea which is now popularly known as Terrace farming. Though the idea of Terrace farming was prevalent in the Andean region even before the Inca Empire, they improved it a lot by introducing a concept of irrigation using canal system. As many of the terraces which are more than 500 years old are still in use today, it is a proof of good Engineering skills prevalent during Inca Empire....   [tags: pre-columbian Latin American civilizations] 1711 words
(4.9 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Essay on Three Ancient Civilizations of Latin America - Three Ancient Civilizations of Latin America Essay: Discuss three civilizations of the ancient world. Civilizations began to show their face around the area now known as Egypt and some parts of Europe around the Mediterranean. These were said to be some of the earliest and most advanced civilizations of their time. These civilizations were known as Ancient Egypt, Ancient Sumer and the Babylonians. The oldest and certainly one of the most advanced was ancient Egypt. The people of ancient Egypt were polytheistic and believed that their Pharaoh (King) was god as well and held divine right....   [tags: Pre-Columbian History Culture] 450 words
(1.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Lost Inca Indian Culture Essay example - The Lost Inca Indian Culture Most historians recognize the fact that the empire of the Incas in Peru was one of the great civilizations that was lost due to the expansion of the Europeans into the New World. The Incas were once an empire boasting with riches and controlling a large portion of the west coast of South America. Until the arrival of the Spanish, the Incas did their own thing within their culture, with few outside sources affecting them. This paper focuses mainly on the role that the Spanish played in changing and eventually eliminating the culture that was the Incas....   [tags: Pre-Columbian History Culture]
:: 4 Works Cited
2305 words
(6.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Human History Essays - God began His greatest work of creation. When God said, "Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground"(Genesis 1:26). As with the story of Adam and Eve in the Hebrew Bible, their goal was to define the moral principles that people thought should govern their dealing with the supernatural world, with each other, and with the rest of nature (Bulliet, “et al.” p.5)....   [tags: Informative, Civilizations] 2094 words
(6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Incas Essay example - The Incas The Inca were South American Indian people who ruled one of the largest and richest empires in the America's. The Inca Empire began to expand about 1438 and occupied a vast region that centered on the capital, Cusco, in southern Peru. The Empire extended more than 2,500 miles (4,020 kilometers) along the western coast of South America. It included parts of Present - Day Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina. The Inca Empire was conquered by Spanish Forces soon after their arrival in 1532....   [tags: Pre-Columbian History Culture] 1813 words
(5.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Maize in Pre-Columbian America Essay example - ... According to the Farm Family Project at Kenyon College, some of the common types are: Dent Corn which is indented at maturity and is often used as livestock feed; Flint Corn is known as Indian corn and is also used as field corn; Sweet Corn is primarily eaten on the cob or it can be canned or frozen for later; Flour Corn is primarily white and is used for baking because it is easy to grind; and Popcorn which turns to steam when heated and the kernel explode to form popcorn. The ancestral corn looked different and was only a few inches long....   [tags: corn wild plant]
:: 7 Works Cited
660 words
(1.9 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Taking a Look at Mayan Astronomy Essay - The Mayans were famous for their astronomical beliefs and heavy dependence on the sky. The Mayans originated from Mesoamerica, located on the southern side of Mexico spreading further downwards to Guatemala, Belize, Honduras and many South American countries. They were great astronomers, as they made heavy use of the motion of the Sun, the Moon, and the stars. With this, it is easy to assume that the Mayans were very intelligent since they were able to interpret these ideas without the use of telescopes and compasses....   [tags: ancient civilizations, cosmovision]
:: 1 Works Cited
724 words
(2.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Pre-Columbian Art Essay - Pre-Columbian Art The South American Andes was a harsh environment to live in thousands of years ago going from its dry coastal desert to its long steep mountains and billon acres of Amazonian jungle. The people living there must have had and expanse knowledge of agriculture, scavenging, trade, and will power in order to have lived in such harsh conditions for so long. With no written language to tell us what they thought or did we turn to the Andean artwork that is found as our insight into the past....   [tags: paracas peninsula, culture]
:: 1 Works Cited
1655 words
(4.7 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Ancient Mayan Civilization Essay examples - Ancient Mayan Civilization The Ancient Mayan Civilization was built upon a rigid social structure based on their religious beliefs. They used a caste social structure in which divisions were based on wealth, inherited rank, privilege, profession, or occupation. Their beliefs were based on the fact that nature elements had the power to either help or harm. The Ancient Mayans used their social structure and beliefs to shape their daily lives. The Maya were a very religious people. They believed in many gods....   [tags: Pre-Columbian History Culture] 785 words
(2.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]

Related Searches





A result of the Conquest by the Europeans they Aztec, Mayan, and Inca Civilizations were virtually wiped out. There was a major loss to humanity here, first of all it destroyed many Ideas of these people that do not affect or Present day thinking. The history of these civilizations mysterious and as a result of the Conquest people of today know little of nothing about these Grand Civilizations that once flourished the new world. Now the New World is infested with all the diseases that at one point could only be found in Europe.


Return to 123HelpMe.com