Causes of World War One


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Causes of World War One

World War I was the result of leaders' aggression towards other countries which was supported by the rising nationalism of the European nations. Economic and imperial competition and fear of war prompted military alliances and an arms race, which further escalated the tension contributing to the outbreak of war. For Twenty years, the nations of Europe had been making alliances. It was thought the alliances would promote peace. Each country would be protected by others in case of war. making it foolish for one country to wage war on another. The danger of these alliances was that an argument between two countries could draw all the other nations into a fight. This is just what happened when a conflict between Austria-Hungary and Serbia led to World War 1. Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey). Prominent among the war's causes were the imperialist, territorial, and economic rivalries of the great powers. The German empire in particular was determined to establish itself as the preeminent power on the Continent. The Germans were also intent on challenging the naval superiority of Britain. However, it was rampant nationalism-especially evident in the Austro-Hungarian empire-that furnished the immediate cause of hostilities. On June 28, 1914, Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir apparent to the Austro-Hungarian throne, was assassinated at Sarajevo by a Serbian nationalist. One month later, after its humiliating demands were refused, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. Other declarations of war followed quickly, and soon every major power in Europe was in the war. Some of the basic causes of World War 1 goes as far back as the early 1800's. Peoples controlled by other countries began to develop feelings of nationalism. Countries grouped together in rival military alliances to advance their aims. They fought for colonies and other lands. Finally, governments clouded international relations by carrying on secret diplomacy. On June 28 1914 the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand triggered the war. Gavrilo Princip, a student who lived in Serbia, fired the shots that killed Ferdinand. On July 28, 1914, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia to start World War 1. On June 29 Russia order general mobilization. August 1 Germany came into the war declaring war on Russia. August 3 Germany declared war on France. The next day Germany invaded Belgium.

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Great Britain declared war on Germany. August 26-31 the Germans crushed the Russian second army at Tannenberg. September 1-October the Russians defeated the Austrians in the Battle of Lemberg. The Allies stopped the Germans in the first battle of Marne throught September 6-9. Germany failed to reached the English Channel on October 21 through November 17 in the first battle of Ypres. On October 30th the Turks joined the Central Power. That's how the war began and some of the main events of 1914, the first year of the war.


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