Theme, Language and Structure of Poems This Room and Not My Business
Works Cited Missing
The poem "This Room" suggests it has a theme of liberation and
freedom. The first stanza hints at this e.g. "This room is breaking
out". From line 14-15 talk about celebration by banging pots and pans.
Perhaps the room has been oppressed for so long that its joy of
freedom can only be expressed with sounds.
"Not my Business" is a definite contrast to "This Room". The writer
uses this poem to express apathy and oppression in the country they
are in. Another theme that could be seen in this poem is fear. Fear of
the jeep, fear of "They", and fear of losing the yam from his hungry
Both writers use personification
in their poems. The use of
personification makes the object seem alive when it isn't. In "This
Room" the writer personifies the room by saying it's "breaking out"
(line 1). This could mean breaking free of things like oppression,
death or material belongings. The effect of this is the room is more
animate and it gives more meaning to the text as a whole. It also
gives a vivid imagery of what is going on, allowing the reader to
understand the poem. The writer uses onomatopoeia ("bang" and "clang"
in lines 14 and 15). Onomatopoeia is a form of aural imagery. The
purpose of using onomatopoeia is to produce the sound of meaning in a
poem. This is the meaning conveyed by the way the word is read out. It
also adds information to the poem so that the reader can understand
meaning of the poem.
In "Not my Business", the writer uses personification in lines 3-4 in
the first stanza
: "â€¦stuffed him down the belly of the waiting jeep".
By using this personification, the reader gets a powerful image of the
jeep becoming something evil lying in wait for its victims. This
conveys the jeep as a sort of beast not an inanimate object. I believe
the writer uses this to show that everything plays its part in
emanating the evil of oppression.
The use of the dynamic verb "stuffed" creates expresses the action in
which "they" put Akanni into the jeep. It suggests a violent action
used in this context. The writer uses similes to create an imagery
which makes the poem descriptive. For instance, "Theyâ€¦ beat him soft
like clay" (line 2). This creates a strong image of a man critically
injured and weak. Also clay in the reader's mind can be moulded to
different forms. So the writer uses the noun 'clay' to show the man's
beliefs being moulded to suit the government.
The structures of both poems are slightly different. "This Room"
contains five stanzas. Each stanza is off a different length which
makes the poem flow in a fast rhythm. The writer uses an effect known
as enjambment. This is where some lines in the poem of each stanza
"runs" into the next line. This helps the poem or poet maintain a fast
rhythm, creating excitement. The rhythm structure is irregular because
each line does not have the same syllable count all the way through.
"Not My Business" contains four stanzas. Three of these stanzas are of
equal length and structure (first four lines, then 3 indented lines).
This creates a slower rhythm, possibly because of the theme of the
poem and the urgency of each stanza has to sink in. There is also
repetition of three lines in the first three stanzas:
"What business of mine is it
So long they don't take the yam
From my savouring mouth?"
This repetition emphasizes the state of mind the person being written
about is in. He will stand back to defend his own but will not defend
others because he believes it is "not my business".
In my opinion, the two poems contrast in the message they want to give
out. "Not my Business" is a poem that says it's reaching out. It's is
oppressed by fear and it is in need for change. "This Room", after
being in death and dark for so long, has finally embraced change and
broken free off all things oppressing it.