Case Study of a Child with Autism

  • Length: 1292 words (3.7 double-spaced pages)
  • Rating: Excellent
Open Document

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Text Preview

More ↓

Continue reading...

Open Document

Case Study of a Child with Autism

John, An only child, was born after normal pregnancy and delivery. As
an infant, he was easy to breast-feed, the transition to solid foods
posed no difficulties, and he also slept well. At first, his mother
and farther were delighted at how easy he was: he seemed happy and
content to lie in his cot for hours. He sat unsupported at six months
(this is with in the normal range), and soon after he crawled

His parents considered him to be independent and wilful. However, his
grandmother was puzzled by his independence. To her mind, he showed an
undue preference for his won company: it was as if he lacked interest
in people.

John walked on his first birthday, much to the delight of his parents;
yet during his second year he did not progress as well as expected.

Although he made sounds, he did not use words indeed, his ability to
communicate was so limited that even when he was three years old his
mother still found her self trying to guess what he wanted. Often she
tried giving him a drink or some food in the hope that she had guessed
his needs correctly.

Occasionally he would grab hold of her wrist and drag her to the sink,
yet he never said anything like drink, or he would just point to the

This was obviously a source of concern in itself: but at about this
time his parents became concerned about the extreme of his
independence. For example, even if he fell down, he would not come to
his parents to show them he had hurt him self. At times they even felt
he was uninterested in them, because he never became upset when his
mother had to go out and leave him with a friend or relative. In fact,
he seemed to be more interested in playing with his bricks than
spending time with people. He made long straight lines of bricks over
and over again.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Case Study of a Child with Autism." 23 May 2018
Title Length Color Rating  
Case Study: Child Diagnosed with Autism (ASD) Essay - Background on Case Study The subject for this case study is a male child who is approximant four years, six months of age. The child (I.A.) lives with his parents, two older siblings, one younger, and an uncle, in an urban area of Los Angeles. Both parents are factory workers, that are expose to cleansing chemicals. According to the parental report, there is a history of motor coordination, balance, attention disorder, depression, mild language delay, autism and social difficulties. Father reported he had motor coordination and attention problems, oldest brother was evaluated with Asperger’s (ASD), and another with mild social difficulties, attention disorder, and motor coordination....   [tags: ASD Essays]
:: 8 Works Cited
2075 words
(5.9 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Case Study: Genie Essay - While a mother was escaping an abusive relationship in search of welfare assistance, she took her thirteen-year-old daughter along with her. “Genie,” as she was called, intrigued the social worker in the welfare office. She was mesmerized by Genie’s posture, size, and stance. Curiously enough, the worker thought Genie might have been a case of unreported autism in a possible six- to seven-year-old (Rymer 1993). As a result, the worker notified her supervisor, who contacted the police. When Genie was first brought to the hospital for tests, she weighed only fifty-nine pounds....   [tags: Case Study, solution]
:: 4 Works Cited
956 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on Coyote Hills Case Study - Coyote Hills Case Study In the school years 2010-2013, Coyote Hills Elementary School took three full years in order to identify an autistic student a constant disruption to the learning process and correctly place him into a school that would better meet his needs. For three years child A was not making personal academic growth, while impeding the learning process for others within the mainstream classroom. This situation served to raise the question about current legislation and if it is really serving to protect students with disabilities....   [tags: autism, students, disability, education, laws]
:: 8 Works Cited
1493 words
(4.3 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
The Vaccine-Autism Controversy Essay - Parents everywhere ponder the question, what causes autism in young children. Since the early 1990s it has been debated whether or not vaccines are to blame for being the causal effect of autism. Numerous studies have been conducted to prove this theory true or false; however, many parents are still fighting the courts that vaccines caused autism in their children. Furthermore, more babies are not getting vaccinated due to the increasing scare being presented on the media about vaccines. The vaccine-autism controversy is the central issue in Jeffrey S....   [tags: mitochondrial disorder, symptoms]
:: 2 Works Cited
1000 words
(2.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on Workshop for Family and Child Development Practitioners - List 6 Workshop Session Topics Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders and the Implications of Play Rationale: A child experiencing autism always gets challenged in the social life of play with his/her friends. For a developing child, it is important to equally socialize the same way as other students. The inclusion of this topic in the workshop session will give the practitioners a basic knowledge and understanding of techniques and strategies to support a child in participation during free play (Shannon, 2011)....   [tags: Autism, Pervasive Development Disorders]
:: 5 Works Cited
886 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
A Case Study of a Student with Special Needs Essay - Case Summary Background It was observed a 5th grade elementary student, that for privacy we will name him J during this case study. He arrived to the school in the second semester of Fourth grade and he has being diagnose under the umbrella of the Autism spectrum from the previous school documentation. J was served by the Especial Education content Mastery (“as known Especial Ed. Classroom”) in period of times during the day, but he was place in a regular education classroom. He immediately presented behavioral issues due to the transition of a new environment and his learning disabilities....   [tags: social issues, individuals with disabilities]
:: 6 Works Cited
1239 words
(3.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Autism Essay - Autism first appeared as an identified disorder of children in the 1930s and has been increasing in incidence ever since, to the point that in 2002, nearly 120,000 children with autism were being served under the Individual with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)—an increase of 500 percent over the previous decade. In the United States as a whole, it is believed that 1.5 million Americans are living with one form or another of autism ( In his classic paper Kanner (1943) identified three essential features of infantile autism (i.e., social isolation, need for sameness and mutism or non-communicative speech)....   [tags: Health, Diseases] 2349 words
(6.7 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay Autism Disorder - Autism is a pervasive developmental disorder of the brain that severely impacts socialization, communication, and may even cause obsessive or repetitive behaviors. Autism delays the brain's normal development, and is also correlated with a milder form of the syndrome known as a pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-N OS). Since it was first identified in 1943, there has been increasing rate in new diagnoses each year. Muhle, Trenracoste, and Rapin (2004) found that the rate of diagnosis for Autism has risen 556% between the years of 1991 and 1997....   [tags: Mental Health]
:: 5 Works Cited
1828 words
(5.2 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
A Look into Autism Essay - A Look into Autism Autism is a pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) that is very complex and involves many different and separate physical and mental disorders. Researchers have long been puzzled by autism, or childhood autism as it is often referred to. This severely disabling disorder affects approximately 80,000 children in the United States and is usually diagnosed by therapists and psychologists before the onset of two and a half years of age. Doctors note many of the complex disorders and symptoms associated with autism during the months of infancy....   [tags: Papers] 674 words
(1.9 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Essay about Autism: Educational and Social Effects - Autism: Educational Social Effects As a student living with no impairing physical or mental disability, it is difficult to imagine life any other way. On the other hand, when taking the time to contemplate what people with disabilities, such as Autism have to cope with, I realize just how much I take for granted in every day life; such as options to any class, learning at a normal pace, and peer interactions, to name a few. Autism not only affects people physically, but socially as well, ensuing subordinate self esteem, meager social skills, and poor peer relationships, aspects of maturing which are crucial to proper development....   [tags: essays research papers] 880 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]

Related Searches

[IMAGE]He spends an extraordinary number of hours lining them up in
exactly the same way and in precisely the same sequence of colours.

From time to time, his parents also worried about his hearing and
wondered if he were deaf, particularly as he often showed no response
when they called his name.

At other times, however, his hearing seemed to be very acute, he would
turn his head to the slightest sound of a plane or a fire engine in
the distance. In the weeks following his birthday they became
increasingly concerned, despite reassurances from health

He was not using any words to express him self, and he showed no
interest in playing with other children. For example, he did not wave
bye bye or show any real joy when they tried to play peek-a-boo. His
mother agonized about her relationship with john, because he always
wriggled away from her cuddles, and only seemed to like rough and
tumble play with his father. She worried that she had done something
wrong as a mother, and felt depressed, rejected and guilty.

When he was three and a half years old the family Gp referred john to
a specialist. The specialist, a child psychiatrist, told the parents
that john had autism, but added that his psychological abilities in
spatial tasks (such as jigsaws) suggested that his intellectual
abilities were normal in these areas. The specialist thought it was
too early to give an accurate picture of the way he would progress,
but said there were some indications to suggest he would do better
than most children with autism. John was sent to a special playgroup,
and received speech therapy. A psychologist visited the family at home
and helped the parents plan ways of encouraging the development of
communication and reducing the frequency of his temper tantrums.[IMAGE]

In his fourth year, john suddenly began to speck in complete
sentences. His parents were greatly relived, and for a time actually
believed he had finally grown out of the problems. However, his speech
was quite unusual. For example, he often repeated back word for word
whatever his parents said, so if they asked him ' do you want a
drink?' he would say ' you want a drink' in reply. At other times john
made rather supervising remarks. For instance, he would say ' you
really tickle me' in a tone of voice similar to that of a family
friend who had used the same expression a day ago. However, his use of
this phrase, and most of his speech, was usually inappropriate to the
setting, and it lacked any clear meaning.

The years from four to six were very difficult for the family. Despite
speech therapy and special hep at school, john only made slow
progress. He developed a fascination with vacuum cleaners and
lampposts and started to draw them over and over again. He became
exceptionally excited whenever his mother took the vacuum out, jumping
up and down and vigorously waving his arms and flicking his fingers
near to his eyes (this is also known as flapping. [IMAGE]

He also became preoccupied by lights, rushing around the house
switching them off and on. Even family outings became ion ordeal, John
threw wild tantrums unless the family took exactly the same route and
let him count the lampposts. He never seemed to tire of doing the same
thing over and over again.

[IMAGE] His behaviour was also unusual in other ways in that he never
really seemed to look at any one directly. Rather, he would look at
them only fleetingly or not at all. Despite this John seemed to notice
everything in minute detail. He could ride his bike along the most
crowed pavements without knocking anyone over, and he spotted car
number plates with a figure four in them long before anyone else had
noticed. He would also do thing s that his parents would find
embarrassing, like grabbing and eating sandwiches from strangers
plates in restaurants.

When John started school, he found it difficult to learn to read and
write, although in other areas of work he was very quick, for example,
he was very good with his number work, and took a great delight in
learning multiplication tables. He was also still quick at jigsaws,
and could mange even difficult puzzles with ease, at six years old he
did a 200-piece jigsaw on his own, and a100- piece one upside-down!

Socially however he was unable to make any friends what so ever. He
would attempt to join a game that he liked, but his approaches were so
odd that other childr3en tended to ignore him. Most of the time, John
was to be found on his own, busying him self with one of his special
interests, more absorbed in counting lampposts than playing with then
other children.

[IMAGE] From the age of seven, John was sent to a special school for
children with autism. At about this age his parents also noticed he
seemed more interested in their company. He would show his mother that
he hurt him self when he feel down, and he even seemed to derive some
comfort and pleasure from cuddles. Also he began to wait for his
father to come home from work, and even started to look out for him.
However his parents where never sure whether John truly enjoyed seeing
his father return, or whether he was simply waiting to see if his
father came home at exactly six o'clock.

Fortunately, while at school he development more and more. He is now
nineteen years old and no longer simply repeats things that he has
been told, but is able to make appropriate responses and hold a simple
conversation. He is able to read simple books, although he has
difficulty in grasping the story line, although he has little interest
in speaking or reading. Instead he prefers to pursue his current
interest in collecting bottle tops and listing to music. He watches
programmes on pop music, and seems to derive [IMAGE]enormous pleasure
from writing out or reciting a list of all the current hit records and
their order in the charts. He has learnt this entire list by heart,
and can tell you what the top twenty records where on any particular

Although he has mastered simple social pleasantries, he still finds
social gatherings very difficult, and always ends up on the periphery
of any group. He has not established any close friendships, despite
his desire to do so. Sadly this troubles him, recently he asked his
parents how he could make friends and they find this hard to explain
as to them it just come naturally.

Currently John has a place in sheltered employment, fitting components
into radios, he is considered to be a reliable and careful worker but
his employers feel unable to give him any more responsibly because he
is unable to master social skills required for dealing with colleagues
and costumers. He has some awareness of these problems and talks about
how difficult he finds it understanding people, ' I never know what to
do next' he says. Despite this he had expectations of the future the
wants to marry and have a family, but seems to have no firm grasp of
what this might entail.

[IMAGE] (S, Baron, 1995)

John Shows the characteristic problems of autism he failed to develop
normal social relationships and communication in the first three years
of life, he showed unusual interests and repetitive behaviours.

John is typically of one group of children with autism he is outgoing
socially, he can approach children but his attempts are repetitive and

Johns communication problems are rather subtle and consists of
speaking in a one sided repetitive way.

[IMAGE]John shows classic ritualistic behaviour, doing the same
activity over and over again in an identical fashion, he will insist
on taking exactly the same route to school very day.

John likes nothing more than counting lampposts, he will spend hours a
day immersed in nothing else.

This will cause problems as a child he would scream if apiece was
missing from a jigsaw now he admits he finds change difficult to deal

Return to