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First, let me give you a definition of Baptizing from Strong's Greek

* βαπτιÌζω (this is how it is written in the original Greek.

* Baptize (this is how it is written in our alphabet.

* Bap-tid'-zo (this is the pronunciation of the Greek word).

Definition: To make whelmed (that is, fully wet); used only (in the
New Testament) of ceremonial ablution, especially (technically) of the
ordinance of Christian baptism: - baptism, baptize, wash.

Thoughts: When a person thinks about becoming a Christian, not knowing
many scripture or even after having read the Bible to some degree,
some of the thoughts that naturally follow are,

· Should I become baptized?

· Is Baptism necessary?

· Is it important?

· Alternatively, is Baptism just a ritual we do as part of the
Christian family like an initiation of sorts making us a member of the
church family or brother/sisterhood of Christians?

* What is baptism

* Write about the 3 main beliefs about baptism and their differences
plus three different churches with theses beliefs and practice and
why this is.

* Include a summary

* Also include a final conclusion

The three main beliefs on baptism + three main churches there
difference there practices and why on there view on baptism?

This essay will look at what is baptism. The three main beliefs in
baptism and there differences. In addition, the viewpoint of three
main churches which hold these beliefs practice difference and why. To
answer this I will use quotes from a magath, john young teach yourself
christianly. Various quotes from the bible and the lion's handbook the
worlds realign.

Also the oxford dictionary

What is baptism?

Baptism is the sacrament of entry into the Christian church. By
washing in water of the trinity, it symbolizes the person's
identification with Christ death and restriction in dying to sin and
being raised to new life. In the case of infants promise are made on
behalf of the child for later until confirmation these promises are
made by the parents and godparents and the church itself. This is a
broad meaning and generalised statement of baptism, which can be used
for nearly all-Christian churches concerning baptism. However, there
are major differences in feelings on certain accepts of baptism and
its importance to different followers of different churches. Baptism
should never be done again and only done once.

Definition according to the oxford dictionary: the Christian rite of
sprinkling water onto a person's forehead or immersing them in water.
Symbolising purification or regeneration and admission into the
Christian church.

The three main believes about baptism

These are the three main beliefs about baptism in there basic from. In
addition, the various outlined churches hold this.

The Roman Catholic standpoint on what infant baptism dose is that it
remits the guilt of original sin. It dose not however remit the
disease of original sin.

The Church of England's standpoint on what infant baptism is that it
is grounded in the covenant between god and the church.

Baptist's churches believe however, that infant baptism is

These beliefs there origins and justification for them by the church
or followers of the church?

Roman Catholic Church

Definition by the oxford dictionary: the part of the Christian church,
which acknowledges the pope as its head. Especially since, it has
devolved since the reformation.

Roman Catholics belief that the pope is a direct link to god this can
be seen since the roman catholic church is discussing now wither to
make the current pope a saint after his death.

Infant baptism remits the guilt of original sin. This statement and
viewpoint, which is held overall by the Catholic Church, comes from
Cyprian of Carthage, who declared that infant baptism procured
remission of both sinful acts and original sin. However, this
statement has been changed and added to over the years by various
sources until today which now it stands as the Roman Catholic
viewpoint on infant baptism that it is essential due to the fact it
remits the guilt of original sin. The problem with Cyprian statement
is that he says that infant baptism remits original sin. Not the guilt
of original sin, this means that if original sin were remitted through
baptism then people who had been baptised would not be able to think
or comment sinful acts. However, this is not the case.

Augustine a famous philosophers/ theologises met this statement by
saying that baptism removes the guilt of original sin not the disease
itself. Thus you would be forgiven for the original sin but the damage
it has caused to you soul or has he put it the dieses of original sin
cannot be removed mealy forgiven. He argued that the only thing that
could get rid of the dieses of original sin and the effect it has had
would be by continuing work of grace within the believer.

Thus, this is how the original statement was changed to meet the
modern viewpoint of the Roman Catholic Church that infant baptism
removes the guilt of original sin. Not the dieses it self.

The only problem so far is what happens to infants/adults who have not
committed any sin but have died before they could be baptised. It is
argued that if they die before being baptise if in adult hood they
would have had the opportunity to be baptise so would be guilty of
failing to meet that also that they would remain guilty of original
sin plus whatever other sinful acts they would have committed in life.
Thus according to Augustine would suffer the penalty of being
condemned and the experience of hell.

However, infants who die before they had the chance to be baptise has
been argued by peter Lombard that they remain guilty of original sin
and suffer the consensus of that but not having the chance to be
baptise. In addition, not having committed any other sin. Infants
would only suffer the penalty of being condemned but would not
experience the pains of hell. This is an idea from date's description
of hell of a place called limbo. However, this viewpoint is held by
many of the followers of the Roman Catholic Church it has never
officially been accepted.

However, in recent and past time it has been noted for people who have
had infants/adults die before being baptise. Doing a baptise for them
thus washing away sin and allowing them access to heaven again some
people believe this but it is not officially accepted by the roman
catholic church.

The practices of the roman chalice church is too baptise infants as
soon as possible and the promise made at baptism would be made by the
church the parents and the godparents. Until the child reaches a bout
the age of 7/8, where they make there promises for them selves with
the first communion.

There practices and believes differ from the Church of England and
Baptist churches which both of them from the other two main believes
about baptism. As baptise believe infant bating to be unjustified. In
addition, would not perform the act until later in life. In addition,
the Church of England's main standpoint is that it dose wash away sin
but it many initiates children into the church. They do not believe in
original sin. Instead they use both catholic and protestant s ideas in
infant baptism.

Church of England

Church of England definition from the oxford dictionary: the English
branch of the western Christian church, which combines both catholic
and protestant tradition. However, rejects the pope's authority and
has the king/queen of England as its ruler.

This belief held by the Church of England is the second main belief
held about baptism it can be referred to as the moderate reformist
view of that of the middle view since it uses both protestant and
catholic beliefs on the subject.

The Church of England's view is very like that of the Roman Catholics
but also the protestant viewpoint. They do not believe in the idea of
original sin but do believe in infant baptism. However, very unlike
the Roman Catholics they have to justify they standpoint from the
bible. Since The word 'christen' (to sprinkle with water as a baby)
does not appear in the Bible.

The practice stems from AD 753 when monks of Cress in Brittany
consulted with Pope Stephen III if, in a case of necessity, baptism
performed by pouring water on the head of the infant would be lawful.
Stephen replied that it would.

The word 'baptism' does appear in the Bible also.

Therefore, as good protestant s over all they have to justify the
position from the bible since they cannot directly do this they have
to search for entrance in the bible that can be interpreted as this.

Such entrance come from Hebrews 6:1-2 Galatians 3:16-29 Acts 8:12 Acts
8:26-39 Acts 9:17-18 John 9:22-23 Matthew 3:6, 13-16 Acts 2:37-38 Acts
10:47-48 Acts 1:38 Acts 18:8 Acts 22:16

This quotes from the bible as said before do not directly justify
infant baptism however, they can be interpreted to do so. for instance
Hebrews 6:1-2 which sates "1Therefore let us leave the elementary
teachings about Christ and go on to maturity, not laying again the
foundation of repentance from acts that lead to death,[1] and of faith
in God, 2instruction about baptisms, the laying on of hands, the
resurrection of the dead, and eternal judgment." which means that we
should teach about the elementary teaching's of Christ and go to
motorcar which means we should teach the works of Christ and go on to
adulthood so this passage is used by the c of e to justify teachings
the works of Christ to children. In addition, the interaction of
baptism so on of the main ways of doing this is to baptise children.
This is one view in which the c of e uses the bible to justify infant

Other quotes are nearly the same to this and they use these to justify
infant baptism. However they do not believe in the idea of original
sin and that if not baptise infants must go to hell. They formed this
opinion from a quote in the bible He that believeth and is baptized
shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned. (Mark
16:16). So unlike the Roman Catholics they do not believe in the idea
of limbo for un baptise children but believe that baptism is necessary
to teach infants the way of Christ.

This view is however very different from that of the Baptists church
or have formed the idea that infant baptism is unjustified since they
is no such cases in the bible

So in short, the Church of England the second main belief on baptism,
which is held by this church that infant baptism, is necessary in
teaching people about Christ. However, dose not gets rid of original
sin, as they do not believe in this. In addition, unlike the Roman
Catholics do not think that it is compulsory and do not believe in
limbo. In addition, that unlike the Roman Catholics they have to find
quotes from the bible to justify there stand points. In addition, they
do not believe if an infant dies before baptism, they go to hell or
limbo but to haven as the infant would not have had any sins to be
forgiven. Also unlike the baptism, they do not believe it is
unjustified. They practise infant baptism much like the Roman
Catholics. However they have a conformation when the child is old
enough to make the conformation themselves into learning about Christ
which the Baptists have but the roman Catholics do not instead they
have something called first communion.

Unlike both the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of England who
both expect infant baptism Baptist churches do not they say it is

The c of e uses both hardcore catholic ideas and protestant ideas to
come to the standpoint they have on infant baptism.

Baptist church

Baptist Definition by the oxford dictionary: a member of a protestant
Christian detonation advocating baptism only of adult believers by
total immersion.

This church holds the third and indeed the most reformed view of
baptism and can sometimes be called the extreme view on baptism. The
Baptist church like the church of England is a protestant church. But
unlike the church of England it dose not use catholic views on baptism
plus protestant in there ideas on infant baptism only protestant. It
believes in short that since in the bible there is no reported case of
infant baptism then it is unjustified. The only reported cases of
baptism are done on adults.

According g to Baptist churches baptism can only happen when shows
signs of repentance grace or faith. One major supporter of the
statement made by the Baptist church on infant baptism is that of Karl
bath who has three major lines of criticism on the practise of infant

1. "it is without biblical foundation. All evidence points to infant
baptism having been the normal practise in the postapostolic
period, not the period of the new testament itself."

2. "the practise of infant baptism has led to the disastrous
assumption that individuals are Christians as a result of there
birth. Barth argues in terms which remained dietrich bonhoffers
idea of cheap grace that baptism devalues the grace of god and
reduces Christianity to a mealy social phenomenon"

3. "the practise of infant baptism weakens the central link between
baptism and Christian discipleship. Baptism is a witness to the
grace of god and marks the begging of the human response to this
grace in the infants cannot mean fully make this response the
theological meaning of baptism is obscured.

This basically means that the Baptist church differ from both the
church of England's view point on infant baptism and that of the roman
Catholics. Baptist churches deny infant baptism unlike these churches.
Also in Baptist churches you have no first common of the church of
England's conformation. Since baptism is only preformed in adulthood.
Also unlike the roman Catholics Baptist believe that original sin dose
not exist and un baptise kids and infants do not go to hell since they
are not old enough to know the difference between right and wrong. And
unlike the church of England do not believe infant baptism is needed
in teaching infants about Christ.


Is that all three believes can be justified and argued by each other
and there is no one core belief about infant baptism that everyone can
agree on. So thus it is impossible to surmise what everyone believes
since none of the can agree what to believe. Each of these churches
believe in this believe for reason for what it can say and can argue
that others are wrong. The practise of infant baptism like what the
Baptist say Is not reported in the bible. The only kind of thing
nearly the same to it is in the old testament in the concussion of
boys who were Jewish and this is used as a justification by the church
of England. In conclusion the 1st belief is the catholic believe in
short. The 2nd is that of the catholic / protestant believe mid way.
The 3rd is that of the protestant believe.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Baptism." 19 Apr 2014

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