Types of Production


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Types of Production


Primary - This is the sector that involves the harvest of raw
materials

For example in the chocolate industry, this is the stage where sugar
and coco beans are collected

Secondary - This is the sector that involves manufacturing of
chocolate products

For example in the chocolate industry, this is the stage where the
coco beans are crushed and sugar is added

Tertiary - This is the sector that involves the sale of the finished
chocolates

For example in the chocolate industry, this is the stage where the
products are sold

Here is a diagram to illustrate the stages in the chain of production

primary,secondary,Tertiary



Task 2 - Methods of Production
==============================

Job Production - This type production involves high quality chocolates
being produced

For example a chocolate manufacturer such as Cadburys may use this
type of production in the following way, making luxurious chocolates

Batch Production - This type production involves making many of one
product then changing the machinery

For example a chocolate manufacturer such as Cadburys may use this
type of production in the following way to make a batch of dairy milk
and then a batch of caramel or crunchie

Flow Production - This type production involves making a product from
start to finish

For example a chocolate manufacturer such as Cadburys may use this
type of production in the following way, to make a special edition
chocolate.

Here is an evaluation of these types of production methods by looking
at two advantages & two disadvantages for Chocoholics.

JOB

PRODUCTION

BATCH

PRODUCTION

FLOW


PRODUCTION
----------

Advantages

· High quality

· Well motivated workers

· Fast

· Low cost per unit

· Not much time is lost

·

Disadvantages

· Needs skilled workers

· High wage

· Machinery may need to be cleaned or reset which takes time and costs

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money.

· Good have to be stored

· Large amount of capital needed

· Product must be fairly standard

'Division of labour' means

For example is specialisation to workers

'Specialisation' means

For example system of production where economics , regions , business
or people concentrate on producing certain products



Task 3 - Automation
===================

Here is a description of the automated production processes that take
place for a chocolate manufacturer such as chocoholics

Automation has the potential for radically improving the quality of
life, as can be demonstrated from both an historical perspective and
numerous present-day examples. The progressive elimination of many of
the boring, repetitive, unsafe and demeaning work practices on the
farm and in the factory fall into the first category; modern
developments in surgery, road building, health care and
fruit-harvesting in the second.

Here is an evaluation of the benefits and consequences of introducing
automation for chocoholics

BENEFITS for Chocoholics

CONSEQUENCES for Chocoholics

· There is an increase in output

· Increase in labour productivity

· If there is break down the whole production line will stop

·

· Increase in quality

· Greater variety



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