Muslim Teaching on Religion, Wealth and Poverty
Muslims believe that they are all equal in the eyes of Allah and so
they should help their poor brother and sisters and they should also
give them what they need to stay happy and healthy. Muslims know that
it is their duty not only as Muslims but also as human beings to help
those who need their help. Their wealth
and good health has been given
to them by Allah to see how they use it. Allah is forever testing them
whether they are rich or poor.
Wealth is something given by Allah and it is there to be shared with
other Muslims. When you are rich Allah tests you to see how you use
your wealth. Wealth can be taken away from you just as easily it can
be given to you if you don't remember Allah. Use the wealth you are
given in a good way
and Allah will give you more.
'Oh you who believe! Do not forbid the good things which god made
lawful for you and do not exceed the limits' (5:87)
There are two ways of earning in Islam the halal way and the haram
way. The halal way is when you work hard to earn your living and you
spend it in a halal way such as giving it to the mosque or to a
charity and you don't go over the top such as showing of with flashy
cars. The haram way is when you earn your money selling drugs, alcohol
and when you spend it on haram things such as gambling. Riba
(interest) is also haram. The Arabic definition of Riba is to excess
or increase. The Islamic definition of Riba is effortless profit.
Interest money goes from the poor to the rich, which makes them even
richer whereas the rich are supposed to give money to the poor.
Interest is totally forbidden in Islam. It also says in the Koran:
'O you who believe, do not take interest, doubling and quadrupling,
and keep your duty to Allah, so that you may proper'
There are several different types of charities. Some are compulsory
and some are voluntary.
Zakah is compulsory.
There are five pillars of Islam. The third pillar of Islam is zakah
this means, in Arabic, purification and so many Muslims believe that
giving zakah purifies their money and jewellery so that no harm can
come from it.
'He is not a believer who takes his fill whilst his neighbours starve'
This means a person is not a true Muslim if they have everything and
do not give anything to the poor and needy.
Zakah is to be paid once a year by all wealthy Muslims at the rate of
two and a half percent. Zakah should be paid on cash, bank savings and
jewellery. Muslims also pay zakah on cattle. Paying zakah is for
keeping our wealth clean of greed and selfishness. Muslims pay zakah
to gain Allah's good will.
Some Muslims believe that they themselves and their wealth belong to
Allah and they are just the keepers of the wealth. Through zakah
Muslims share their wealth with the poor. Money Muslims pay for zakah
is not something Allah needs, he is just checking whether you obey him
and give to the poor.
The table of zakah:
Type of item
Amount of item
Rate of zakah
653kg per harvest
5% produce on irrigated land, 10% on produce for rain fed land
Gold silver jewellery
85 grams of gold or 595 grams of silver.
2.5% of value
Cash at home or in the bank
2.5% of value
2.5% of value
Goats, cows and sheep
40 in number
1%for 40, 2%for 120, 3% for 300
Zakah is to be given to people, who are poor, destitute, widows and
orphans. Muslims also pay zakah on eid-ul-fitr. The head of the
household pays this for the other members of the family before reading
the eid namaz. Zakah-al-fitr is paid so that the poor can also
celebrate along with other Muslims all over the world and they won't
feel left out. Zakah-al-fitr is compulsory.
The voluntary ones are lilah, which is, for example, giving money or
helping to build a mosque or Islamic schools.
Sadaqah is also voluntary. This is the giving of charity in Islam.
Sadaqah can be given in many forms it doesn't just have to be the gift
Muslims believe poor is when you have no food, clothing or a place to
live because you have no money to get the basic things. Some Muslims
believe it is a test for the poor because god wants to see whether
they remember him or start doing bad things for food and money such as
stealing from others. Some Muslims are poor because of natural
disasters such as earthquakes, wars, and floods. They didn't want them
to happen. It is the duty of all rich Muslims to help those in need
and it is also compulsory because it is a pillar of Islam.
There is a need for world development in the world today because if
people help LDC's then the world could be a happier place to be on for
everyone. Places like Western Europe are not poverty
stricken they are
rich but they don't know what it is like being poor. Countries like
Bangladesh, India, Singapore are counted as poor countries. America,
Japan, Canada, U.K and Australia are counted as some of the rich
countries so why can't richer countries help the poorer countries. The
poor countries rely on the rich they are all helpless. Wars, floods
and earthquakes destroy everything like crops, schools, hospitals
causing even more poverty then people have to go as refugees into
other countries as refugees and then that country becomes poor. The
children cannot be educated because schools are destroyed and when
they're older they will be poor.
Nowadays there are many charities to help the poor and less developed
Islamic Relief is a charity, which help the Less Developed countries.
Islamic Relief began in 1984 by two students Hany El Banna and Ihsan
Shabib. The first donation was just of 20 pence, which was given by a
young boy for the starving people of Sudan. Since then Islamic Relief
have grown with the support of millions of people.
Islamic Relief's aims are to: -
1. Offer help as soon as they can when misery occurs.
2. Set up projects in more poor countries.
3. Bring kindness between the rich and poor.
Islamic Relief has two kinds of offices. 9 Fundraising offices in
America, Britain, Belgium, France, Germany, Holland, Sweden,
Switzerland and Mauritius. They have 13 Field offices in poor
countries where they work including Afghanistan, Albania, Bosnia,
Bangladesh, Egypt, Pakistan, Sudan and Palestine. They also have
charitable projects in almost 30 countries around the world.
The 5 types of projects they work on are:
This project helps fight poverty, ignorance and disease.
2.Emergency Relief Projects
This is when a crisis occurs suddenly and they can help straight away.
This takes care of orphans and includes health care and education in
Qurbanis- this is when millions of people pay for Qurbanis and are
then distributed to many poor countries. Feed the fasting-food parcels
are distributed in Ramadan to all the poor people.
5.Waqf projects There are 6 waqf projects. Waqf is a group of
continuous charity. It is there for developing work, curing the sick,
feeding the hungry and wiping away the orphan's tears.
Islamic Relief wants the world to become a happy and safe place to be
This is a pie chart to show where all the Islamic relief money comes
This is one pie chart to show where and how they spend the money.