The Effect of the Normans on Canterbury Cathedral up to 1165 AD

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The Effect of the Normans on Canterbury Cathedral up to 1165 AD


Once Wayne had won the battle of Hastings he travelled east burning
Romney and Dover. Canterbury had heard of what William had done to the
other places he came across that put up a resistance to him so
Canterbury sent William a deputation, William of courses accepted the
offer because of Canterbury being the centre of England's religion,
and the pope would probably not have liked the idea of backing
anti-Christian behaviour. While this was happening the archbishop of
the time was named Stigand. William hated Stigand because first of all
he crowned King Harold, whom is now dead and also Stigand was
Anglo-Saxon, so William replaced Stigand with a prior of Bec named
Lanfranc and also a close friend of William. Lanfranc was crowned in a
make shift shelter in the ruins of the former Anglo-Saxon cathedral
which had burnt down previously.

Lanfranc was unimpressed with the quality of the English clergy and
during William's reign supported his policy by promoting foreigners to
high office in the church. Lanfranc also ordered that in future no
married man was to be ordained as a priest. However, he allowed
existing priests to keep their wives.

The Cathedral in Canterbury was made under the guidance of Lanfranc
who wanted to create the cathedral as and almost mirror image St.
Etienne in Caen; even the stone was imported from Caen to build the
cathedral. There is however a difference, normally Norman monasteries
are not built in or on the side of the cathedral (they are built
separate) but when Lanfranc saw what the Anglo-Saxons had done he
decided it was a good idea and kept it in place. This would show that
the Anglo-Saxons influenced the development of Canterbury Cathedral
another change that was influenced by the Benedictine rules in which
Lanfranc followed closely, a part of the rule is that clergy may not
be in contact with the public so because of this Canterbury's Quire is
cut off from the Nave this is atypical for Anglo-Saxon but typical for

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the Normans because the Benedictine rules state that the monks that
abide by the Benedictine rules must not have contact to the normal
world, for fear of contamination from outside ideas . Another
influence to an atypical cathedral is that Lanfranc did not want to
sleep with the other monks in the monasteries dormitory

The Neccesarium is the only Norman architecture left in this place

[IMAGE](as shown here ) [IMAGE]

so instead he made himself a palace so that instead of using the same
dormitory as his clergy, he could have a space to himself in the
grounds of the Cathedral however this has not been done before so it
would set a trend for other cathedrals to follow different to the norm
would make this discussion an atypical one.

Once Lanfranc had passed away the Successor to the Archbishops place
was Anselm who had been admired just as much as Lanfranc but in a
totally different way to Lanfranc, where Lanfranc was admired for
being Vigorous and energetic in the way he went about things where
Anselm was admired for being wise and saintly a scholar of
international repute and an undeniable cosmopolitan. Anselm had an
influence that can still be seen today in the Canterbury cathedral
Crypt where people visit to see the carved pillar and capitals.

The capitals in the crypts show the influence of the Norman heritage.
The Normans used to be clans of Vikings that colonised France and
eventually became the Christian Normans that we know of today. The
capitols show dragons and mythical beasts that would probably
originate from Viking folklore that was then used to the Normans
advantage to show what they said that the world would be like without
Christianity, as a sort of way to scare the Anglo-Saxons to not
disobey the church.

Also in the crypt there is a room know as St.Gabriels chapel which
shows the only remaining original paint that was used when the crypt
was entirely furnished and at some point there was a wall built in
front of this particular chapel which then this chapel had been
forgotten about, and as the problems that had plagued all of the rest
of the crypt the chapel had been forgotten, protected from all of this
and when it was re-discovered the paint had been virtually unscathed.
This shows an atypical part of the crypt because it is the only part
that has original remaining art on it.


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