Why the U.S. Constitution is Unique


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Why the U.S. Constitution is Unique

The Constitution is made up of four main elements: Federalism,
separation of powers, checks and balances, and The Bill of Rights,
these elements make for the strengths of the Constitution that has
allowed it to last over 200 years. To sit and read through all of the
information and history that this one small document has makes it
unique in itself, but I believe the structure and all this one
document has governed is what truly makes it unique.

The structure of the Constitution was set out to establish a national
government that could not be challenged by an individual state. It was
to oversee and govern the nation but with forethought not allowed
absolute power. The Framers obtained this by instituting the
separation of powers among three branches of government: legislative,
executive and judicial. The credence of the Framers' came about after
experiencing the concentration of authority during the Revolutionary
period, when legislature had the authority. By separating the power
and allocated authority, it prevented one section of the government
from overpowering another. This balancing of power is the main
strength of the Constitution that has allowed it to last over time.

Another structure of the Constitution provides each branch of power to
check on the other through "checks and balances". As James Madison
states in The Federalist, No. 51, "…ambition must be made to
counteract ambition." This is where the overlapping of each branch
occurs. This is a major strength that allows Congress, the President,
and the Supreme Court the right and power to oversee each other and
not allow one section to have all the say. Along with the voting
structure, by whom and time of vote, this also allows each branch to
be politically independent from each other.

As for the weakness of the Constitution all that can be said is that
until the placement of a few necessary Amendments, it only protected
the rights of some people, not all the people. However, thankfully,
the Framers realized that things do change and had the futuristic

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reasoning to implement Article V, which empowered the government of
the future to make changes that fit with the issues at hand.

Overall, the magnitude of a five-parchment document that had the
ability to withstand a civil war, go through two World wars,
depressions and keep up with the advancement of our culture, is a feat
in itself. I believe the Framers of the Constitution would be amazed
at how well it has held up and adapted through all of the changes to
this country.

Works Cited

Breckenridge, Adam C. "The History of The Constitution of the United
States." American Government, Annual Edition 2001: pages 10-11.

Burns, James. Government by the People. New Jersey: Prentice Hall,
Inc., 2001.

Young, William D.. Source Readingsfor American Government. Orlando:
Harcourt Brace & Company, 1999.





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