Sex Education In Public Schools: To Be Or Not To Be?
Sex education in public schools has been a controversial issue in the United States for over a decade. With the HIV and teen pregnancy crises growing, sex education is needed.
Some of the American public believe that sex education
should be taught at home by the children's parents. They feel that sex education programs in schools do not put an emphasis on abstinence and encourages children to have sexual intercourse.
American culture is very sexually oriented. Sex can be seen all over the media. Charles Krauthammer stated, "Sex oozes from every pore of the culture and there's not a kid in the world who can avoid it"(Bender).
After being faced with sex on an everyday basis, the independent teens of today will make their own decisions on whether or not to have sex. The important thing is to make sure that they know all aspects of it. Reality-based sexuality education
gives young people an understanding of positive sexuality. I t also provides sexual health information and skills on decision making(What). Subjects include sexual development, reproduction, relationships, affection, intimacy, body image and gender roles(What ).
Successful sex education programs have several high points. The high points include exercises to encourage the appraisals of values, and skills in which students are taught how to negotiate while in sexual situations (" What type" )
The majority of this nation favors sexuality education in public schools
. Surveys show that eighty-nine percent of the citizens support it(What). Should the other eleven percent of the country be able to decide upon what the children of the United States learn and not learn in public schools? The eleven percent's only argument against sex education is that they feel that sex education encourages teens to experiment with sex. This reasoning is based on absolutely nothing. There is no evidence that proves that sex education causes anything negative. This country is a democracy.
A study conducted on teens in Sweden and the Netherlands showed that teens in those countries were just as sexually active, but the teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease rate was much lower. Researchers say this is due to sex education that begins in elementary school and continues on(Bender p.13). Only ten percent of American school-age youth participate in a comprehensive program lasting at least forty hours(deMauro p.89). Teens in America also score low on questionnaires based on sexual knowledge(Gordon p.45). With all the knowledge and resources at its fingertips, the U.S. could teach the same kind of classes that are being conducted in Sweden and the Netherlands.
Some also feel that sex education should be taught at home by parents. That's fine, except there is no guarantee that kids will be taught. In a formal survey of 8,000 college students over 12 years, fewer than eighty percent had received a meaningful sex education from their parents(Gordon). An informal survey [SEE APPENDIX ONE] of one hundred students at Hotchkiss High School showed that only fourteen percent had been spoken to by their parents about abstinence and/or contraception(Teen). Many children feel that parents are the least informative source for information concerning birth control and sexually transmitted diseases(Griffith p.68). With no guarantees and the children's view of their parents' knowledge, "Generation X" could be put at a higher risk if parents were left to educate their children on sexuality.
Since 1981, the year the HIV epidemic began, adolescents have been accounted for twenty percent of new infections(Humm p.142). HIV stands for human immunodificiency virus(Bender p.13). It is a blood borne virus that is transmitted when a person comes into contact with infected body fluid. This includes unprotected sex. Condoms made of latex is one way to protect against contracting the virus if the person chooses to have sex.
Only a small number of teens infected with HIV actually know they have it(Humm p.143). If teens take risks of having unprotected sex with their partner because they are sure" their partner" doesn't have the virus, they are putting themselves at an even greater risk and the HIV crisis could grow. Fifty-seven percent of U.S. teens have sex by age seventeen and usually with more than one partner(Humm p.144). Sex education could teach young people exactly how risky unprotected sex is and the possible consequences.
The opponents of sex education believe that it does not enhance human life. How can that be so when it can help save lives? There are also many myths about the HIV virus such as it is a "homosexual disease" and an"IV drug user's disease". Sex education could also inform students that everyone can be infected.
Teen pregnancy is also a problem in the U.S. The Alan Guttmacher Institute stated that 1.2 million teens become pregnant each year(Bender p.13). This could be caused by the children's lack of knowledge. Less than one in seven teens use protection the first time they participate in intercourse(Gordon p.46). Every day three thousand teenage girls become pregnant(Strausberger p.144). The Alan Guttmacher Institute suggests that sex education helps reduce teen pregnancy by encouraging sexual responsibility(Edelman p.149).
The risk of STDs and teen pregnancy is an urgent and practically irreversible problem. The key is preventing it. After all, if the children do not have bright futures, how can the rest of the country?
Bender, Leone. ÒIntroduction.Ó Teenage Sexuality: Opposing Viewpoints. Bender, David, series editor. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1988.
deMauro, Diane and Debra Haffner. ÒSex Education Is Beneficial.Ó Sexual Values: Opposing Viewpoints. Bender,David, series editor. San Diego: Greenhaven Press,1989
Edelman, Marion Wright. ÒEducation Programs Will Curb Teenage Pregnancies.Ó Teenage Sexuality: Opposing Viewpoints. Bender, series editor. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1988
Gordon, Sol. ÒSex Education is Necessary.Ó Teenage Sexuality: Opposing Viewpoints. Bender, Leone, series editor. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1988
Griffith,Saralyn B., Susan H.Lewis and Hyman Rodman. ÒSex Education In Schools Is Necessary.Ó Teenage Sexuality: Opposing Viewpoints. Bender, series editor. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1988
Humm, Andy and Frances Kunreuther. ÒEducating Teenagers About AIDS Can Help Stop Its Spread.Ó AIDS: Opposing Viewpoints. Bender, series editor. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1992
Srausberger, Victor C. ÒTeenage Pregnancy Is Not Epidemic.Ó Teenage Sexuality: Opposing Viewpoints. Bender, series editor. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1988
Teen Survey. Conducted by Traci Roesler at Hotchkiss High School.
ÒWhat You Should Know About Sexuality Education.Ó Planned Parenthood [on line]Available: http://www.igc.apc.org//ppfa/sexed-mm.html, November 5
ÒWhat Type of Education Works Best in Schools?Ó School Sex Education Programs for Young People [on line]. Available: http.www//avert.org/schsexed.htm, November 5 Appendix 1 Teen Survey by Traci Roesler Out of 100 students at Hotchkiss High that were surveyed, on 14 percent had been spoken to by their parents about abstinence and/or contraception.