In Jane Eyre Charlotte Bronte created a novel of social protest.


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In Jane Eyre Charlotte Bronte created a novel of social protest.
Discuss why and how she did this.

Step one
--------

Social protest is …

Mainly Charlotte Bronte was protesting against the position of middle
class women, social inequality between the rich and the poor and
marrying above or below your status. These issues were very important
in the Victorian times.

Step Two
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Charlotte Bronte was very critical of the Victorian society. To her
every thing was not right (fair). The book ‘Jane Eyre’ is based on a
true-life story. It is like a reflection of Charlotte Bronte’s life
and the way she was treated. In the book, Jane Eyre is treated very
badly because she is an orphan which means she has no money or
savings. Jane Eyre lives with her aunt but because Jane Eyre is poor
she is treated differently from her cousins. Her aunt feels that she
or her children, who are wealthy, can’t be around Jane Eyre because
she is a poor child. This is like the life Charlotte Bronte was
living.

Charlotte Bronte was born 1816 on April the 21st in Thornton,
Yorkshire, England. Her father was Patrick Bronte (1777-1861), an
Anglican clergyman. Irish-born, he had changed his name from the more
commonplace Brunty.

Charlotte Bronte’s mother was Maria Branwell Bronte; altogether she
had six children including charlotte. Mrs. Bronte was awarded a
rectorship in Yorkshire 1820. Soon after, Mrs. Bronte and the two
eldest children (Maria and Elizabeth) died, leaving the father to care
for the remaining three girls, Charlotte, Emily, and Anne. Also a boy,
Patrick Branwell. An aunt, Elizabeth Branwell, aided their upbringing.
She left her native Cornwall and took up residence with the family at
Haworth.

In 1824 Charlotte and Emily, together with their elder sisters
attended Clergy Daughters' School at Cowan Bridge, near Kirkby
Lonsdale, Lancashire. The fees were low, the food unattractive, and
the discipline harsh. They did not like it one bit. Charlotte always
complained and made a fuss.

Charlotte and Emily returned home in June 1825, and for more than five
years the Bronte children learned and played there, writing and
telling romantic tales for one another and inventing imaginative games
played out at home or on the desolate moors.

In 1831 Charlotte was sent to Miss Wooler's school at Roe Head, near
Huddersfield, where she stayed a year and made some lasting
friendships.

In 1839 Charlotte declined a proposal from the Rev. Henry Nussey, her
friend's brother, and some months later one from another young
clergyman. At the same time Charlotte's ambition to make the practical
best of her talents and the need to pay Branwell's debts urged her to
spend some months as governess with the Whites at Upper wood House,

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Rawdon. Branwell's talents for writing and painting, his good
classical scholarship, and his social charm had engendered high hopes
for him; but he was fundamentally unstable, weak willed, and
intemperate. He went from job to job and took refuge in alcohol and
opium.

Meanwhile Charlotte had planned to open a school with her sister
emily. Her aunt had agreed to finance, and in February 1842 Charlotte
and Emily went to Brussels as pupils to improve their qualifications
in French and acquire some German. The talent displayed by both
brought them to the notice of Constantin Héger, a fine teacher and a
man of unusual perception. After a brief trip home upon the death of
her aunt, Charlotte returned to Brussels as a pupil-teacher. She
stayed there during 1843 but was lonely and depressed

Meanwhile, in 1851, she had declined a third offer of marriage, this
time from James Taylor, and a member of Smith, Elder and Company. Her
father's curate, Arthur Bell Nicholls (1817-1906), an Irishman, was
her fourth suitor. It took some months to win her father's consent,
but they were married on June 29, 1854, in Haworth church. They spent
their honeymoon in Ireland and then returned to Haworth, where her
husband had pledged himself to continue as curate to her father. He
did not share his wife's intellectual life, but she was happy to be
loved for herself and to take up her duties as his wife. She began
another book, Emma, of which some pages remain. Her pregnancy,
however, was accompanied by exhausting sickness, and she died in 1855.

She died March 31, 1855 in Haworth, Yorkshire.

Step 3
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In the Victorian society women were seen as nothing they were mens
property. Women satayed at home and did housework while their husbands
went out to the work as the breadwinner of the house. Women didn’t
have the chance to speak out. Also in the Victorian times the rich and
the poor were never seen with each other. Poor people were seen as low
life people who were tramps. Love above classes was really an issue to
many families. Some families didn’t like their daughters/sons to marry
someone who was poor/ lower than them. This caused a problem, which
meant that not a lot of poor people were needed.

Step 4

Charlotte Brontë, like her sisters, appears at first sight to have
been writing a literal fiction of provincial life. In her first novel,
Jane Eyre (1847), for example, the heroine's choice between sexual
need and ethical duty belongs very firmly to the mode of moral
realism. But her hair's-breadth escape from a bigamous marriage with
her employer, and the death by fire of his mad first wife derives from
the rather different tradition of the Gothic novel.

English novelist, noted for Jane Eyre (1847), a strong narrative of a
woman in conflict with her natural desires and social condition. The
novel gave new truthfulness to Victorian fiction.


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