Theories of Sociology

:: 4 Works Cited
Length: 1465 words (4.2 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Excellent
Open Document
Need writing help? Check your paper »

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Text Preview

More ↓
There are many theories in sociology to get the better understanding of a society. Many things impact an individual’s behaviour, lifestyles, relationship and much more. Technology is one of the many things that affect the people. Internet is used worldwide and we can use sociology to determine what importance and place it holds in the society. To understand this invention and implication the society better, this paper will cover upon the three well-known theories which are’ Conflict, functionalism, and symbolic internationalism theories. There three theories look at the internet from different view point such as from a micro level and macro level. Functionalism focuses on the society as a whole, where as conflict theory focuses on group within that society, and symbol interactional focuses on individuals in the group and society. Thus, the view point changes depending on the population and the perspective.

One of the important perspectives is a structural-functionalism. This approach focuses on “various components of society without prioritizing or assessing their importance to the social system as a whole; in effect all elements of a society are weighed equally” (Naiman, 2004; pp.18). In terms of internet, a functionalist would see the internet as a resource that brings efficiency in the lives of individuals for the reason that it is convenient. It also allows people to interact with one another around the world. A functionalist would ask questions regarding the function of the internet in the society would be: how does the internet help people access their provisions faster? How does it help people acquire knowledge and how can services be accessible to the demanding population? Thus, it mainly considers the benefits for all instead of few individuals.
The internet is more efficiently used now a days because it saves one’s time. An individual can spend few minutes online, booking a flight ticket instead of going to the travel agency in-person or calling the customer services and going through a long hectic procedure. As the technology gets advance, it plays even greater role in shaping the lives of the individuals. Also, some people may wish to visit the bureaucracies. However, others may not have the time to visit the offices due to family responsibilities or for other reasons. Functionalist theorist would see a vast benefit when it comes to administrative related online services. It eliminates the waiting list and makes life easier for the citizens and it will take less space in the bureaucracies.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Theories of Sociology." 123HelpMe.com. 10 Dec 2017
    <http://www.123HelpMe.com/view.asp?id=212331>.
Title Length Color Rating  
The Major Theories of Sociology Essay - Symbolic Interactionism In the field of sociology, sociologists use many different theories to base their ideas and observations on; however, the three major theories that are used are symbolic interactionism, functional analysis, and conflict theory. It is these three theories that will be the focus of this paper. To begin with, we will start with symbolic interactionism. Charles Horton Cooley and George Herbert Mead developed symbolic interactionism. In order to understand what this theory is all about though, we will look at the definition....   [tags: Sociology Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
1216 words
(3.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Theories of Sociology: A Bug's Life Essay - The movie “A Bug’s Life” shares the story of a colony of ants that are trapped in a vicious cycle of gathering food for the powerful grasshoppers year after year. The ants become wary of collecting food and soon realize a revolution is needed to free themselves from the grip of the grasshoppers. Throughout “A Bug’s Life”, a critical analysis of character interaction contributes to a greater understanding of the functionalist theory, conflict theory, and Marxism and how these sociological principles create a competitive society and inevitably lead to societal change....   [tags: film analysis, conflict and functionalist theory]
:: 2 Works Cited
940 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay about The Achievement Gap and Conflict Theory - Social Theory is multifaceted. It boasts ideals that expound upon society on a grand scale, and theories that dissect the minute actions of individuals that comprise their daily lives. These ranges of theoretical ideals prove beneficial when trying to unravel the complexities of society. Using theory as a framework or a guide, many societal plagues can be examined from the different perspectives that social theory has to offer. This multidimensional approach can be used in the achievement gap debate....   [tags: Sociology, Theories] 1584 words
(4.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Sociology and Human Behavior Essay - Sociology has come a long way since it first began, with new discoveries and a better understanding of how society functions as a whole. Scientists are able to see how the behaviours of each individual helps us to further our knowledge about its origins and development. However, there are still a number of aspects of sociology that are up for debate. One of these topics is the primacy of structure and agency in influencing in human behaviour. Structure is defined as the designed arrangements which impacts or limits the decisions and opportunities available....   [tags: theories, sociologist, functions] 769 words
(2.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Theories of Emile Durkkheim Essay - The Theories of Emile Durkheim Emile Durkheim also referred to as “The Father of Sociology” (Thio, 2002), played a critical role in establishing theories based on “Social Facts” (Thio, 2002) He is best known for his views of “social reality”( Thio, 2002) and their ties into how a society works. He was said to be a sociologist who played an important part in the development of “structural functionalism” (Thio, 2002), and sociology as a whole. His four major studies, or publications, have assured him a place in the history of sociology’s intellectual development (Thompson, 2002)....   [tags: Sociology ]
:: 3 Works Cited
1476 words
(4.2 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Sociological Theories and the Family Essay - This paper will examine sociological theories and how they relate to the social institution of the family. We typically view society as a group of people, but in sociology, society is not a group of people but a social organization. People are molded by society to fit within the accepted societal bounds. Society must be understood using “the meanings that people put on their values and beliefs” (Bartle, 2010). Within sociology there are three major perspectives. These are the Functionalist, Conflict and Interactionist Perspectives....   [tags: Sociology]
:: 7 Works Cited
1721 words
(4.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Sociology and Religion Essay - We all have some experience with religion. Whether our parents are religious, our own religious views, or others who try and convert you to a religion, we have all come in contact with a religion. But what do sociology and religion have to do with each other. The answer to this question is that religion meets sociology in the affects that it has on an individual or society (Schaefer, Richard T, 2009, pg 323). What is a religion. A religion is defined by Richard Schaefer as a unified system of beliefs and practices that relate to what is believed to be sacred (Schaefer, Richard T, 2009, pg 323)....   [tags: Sociology Essays]
:: 5 Works Cited
1155 words
(3.3 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Sociology of Family Essay - "A family is a small social group of people related by ancestry or affection, who share common values and goals, who may live together in the same dwelling, and who may participate in the bearing and raising of children. They have a physical or emotional connection with each other that is ongoing" (Vissing, 2011) and is the foundation of all societies. They can be formed by a grouping of father-mother-children or even more complicated combination of relatives. In the primary stage of family life in the United States, everyone from every generation lived together in one house....   [tags: Sociology, Family Values ]
:: 5 Works Cited
1149 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Sociology: The Study of Humanity Essay - However new you are to sociology it is probable that you have an idea, however vague and general, regarding what sociology is supposed to be about. It may be that you have an idea that sociology is 'about' people. And you would be right to think so. We might start then by noting that sociology is one of the human sciences and as such it is a subject to be distinguished from the so-called 'physical sciences'. Sociology is the study of humanity. However this description of sociology is only partially correct....   [tags: Definition of Sociology] 1468 words
(4.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Sociology Essay - Sociology is a field which developed over a millennia ago, but it was not until the nineteenth century that it came into the fore as a bona fide social science, in need of its own classification apart from other social sciences. Sociology, 'the study of the process of companionship';(pg.396, Ambercrombie,Hill,Turner), is a discipline, which is not exclusively independent in and of its self, yet borrows from many other disciplines such as: history, geography, and anthropology. 'American sociology is fundamentally analytical and empirical; it proposes to examine the way of life of individuals in the societies &#8230; prefers to explain institutions and structures in terms of the behavior...   [tags: Sociology Essays]
:: 8 Works Cited
1491 words
(4.3 pages)
Better Essays [preview]



The administrative application process also saves papers from being wasted. One can simply send an application online instead of filling out paper work. A contributor to this perspective, Talcott Parsons, “focused on the socialization process, whereby society instills within individuals an outlook in which it is possible for them to pursue their own self-interest while still serving the interests of the system as a whole” (George and Goodman). In this case, the individuals get their work done fast online and it also helps the environmental aspect, which is beneficial to the general population. Further there are many resources online. This perspective comes into conflict with the conflict theory.
A Conflict theorist looks at inequality of an individual or groups such as class, gender, and race. Conflict theory put emphasis on the significance of “interests over norms and values, and the ways in which the pursuit of interests generated various types of conflict as normal aspects of social life, rather than abnormal or dysfunctional occurrences” (Marshall, 1998). Internet is essential now days for everyone regardless of the age group. However, a conflict theorist would view Internet to have inaccurate information, unaffordable for everyone, and brings alienation in the life of workers. The conflict theorist would ask questions such as, which group would benefit from the internet access? And how is inequality form from the accessibility of internet?
Although most people have access to the internet at home, there are some who are not provided with the same advantages. This may become an issue for those individuals because they might have to visit the libraries or their school to do their work. However, it is not always possible due to the expenditure on transportation, unless it is a walking distance. A conflict theorist would look at this issue and consider it as inequitable because an individual has to go through a lot of struggle. The blame may be put on the government because the tax rate should be reduced to help everyone have an easy access to the internet. Everyone should have equal opportunities. Thus many questions would come from a conflict theorist at this point, such as; does everyone have the equal opportunities? Can everyone afford the internet, or most importantly the computer in the first place? This is simply one issue that can be covered from this perspective, however there are many more such as copyright issues, online services (causing isolation from workplace and clients), and much more. Now to understand the internet from a micro level, symbolic interactional theory can be taken into an account.
Symbolic interactional theory looks at the interaction among individuals and what importance and meaning does the interaction hold in the life of the individuals. Interaction between human beings can either take place face to face or through the internet. Now days, a person relies on the internet based connection than face to face. Since internet is such a great resource that everyone is keen about, the question is what benefits can it bring? The benefits of internet use can be exploring many different nationalities, numerous resources available and the use of slang language for quick interaction. The symbolic interactionalist may look at the questions like how knowledge is acquired through the use of the internet. And how that knowledge may affect an individual’s perspective?
A person gets to read many things in different forms such as learning on their own. Also, through watching YouTube videos a person could gain benefits of doing things on their own because YouTube provides online tutorials on crafts, architecture, products etc. Although, by using YouTube may affect many systems that provides art courses or architecture classes, but in a way YouTube may save a lot of an individual’s time and money. The use of online tutorial makes one independent and gives them sense of self-confidence. “I think self esteem is central to everything you do. It affects your behaviour and thoughts. It changes how you feel about and value yourself.” (Perera, 1998). Simply from trying an activity from any tutorial site, one will gain satisfaction and confidence because they can follow the step to step tutorial on their own to form something big. This self-confidence will help them in the real world when it comes to dealing with something serious. A symbolic Interactional view would consider providing such resources to the people, in helping them learn to work on their own and build self-confidence. The development of self-confidence will lead the person to motivate other around them through the spread of their knowledge gained.
All these three theories focus on different levels of society, from a micro to the macro level. The functionalist theorists would see enormous benefits in the intervention and use of internet. It permits people to communicate online, personally and professionally. Also, it saves time when it comes to accessing the administrative services. Symbolic interactional theory would also see benefits in the use of internet, but instead of looking from a bigger perspective, it rather focuses on individuals. The benefits such as exploring many different nationalities to be able to know the person ethnicity very well and the use of slang language for quick interaction. People associate meaning and symbols with a person or a thing as mentioned above. The internet gives people sense of visualization and independence to think for themselves instead of relying on the stereotypes that the society forms. On the other hand, a conflict theory would focuses on groups. From a conflict theorist view, the internet does not provide advantages for every individual, nor does it provide disadvantages for every person. There are few who can make money or save time from the usage. However, there are others who are disadvantaged by the services. These inequalities are for those who can afford the internet, but in reality not everyone can afford the internet. Thus there are groups of people who do not have the same benefits.



Works Cited

GORDON MARSHALL. "conflict theory." A Dictionary of Sociology. 1998.

Encyclopedia.com. Web. 17 September 2014.
http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O88-conflicttheory.html

Naiman, Joanne. "Sociology and the Study of Society." How Societies Work: Class, Power, and Change in a Canadian Context. Toronto: Irwin, 2004.

Perera, K. "The Importance of Self Esteem and Self worth." Building Self Esteem. 2012 Web. 17 September 2014. .

Ritzer, George, and Douglas J. Goodman. "Structural Functionalism, Neofunctionalism, and Conflict Theory." Sociological Theory. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2008.


Return to 123HelpMe.com