Preview
Preview

The Qualities of the Houyhnhnm’s Civilization in Gulliver's Travels Essay

No Works Cited
Length: 831 words (2.4 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Yellow      
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

In part 4 of Gulliver’s Travels, Gulliver is abandoned on an island by his crew. As Gulliver begins to explore his surroundings, a group of savages attack him. These savages appear to be human, however they behave like wild animals. Gulliver is rescued by a couple of horses. The horses are called “Houyhnhnms” are rational creatures which are capable of speech and thought. The horses refer to these human-like creatures as “Yahoos” and treat them as wild animals incapable of reasoning. Gulliver is very surprised how the Houyhnhnms speak to each other, while the Houyhnhnms are equally surprised at the appearance and behavior of Gulliver. The horses lead Gulliver back to their base where they proceed to find out more about him. Gulliver also describes them and how they converse with each other. Gulliver pays close attention to their language and eventually learns how to speak with them. He asks them questions about their culture and learns about their society. He tells them about his society and how horses are treated and how the humans are far superior to the horses. Gulliver is treated very well by the Houyhnhnms.

Gulliver spends a lot of time with one horse in particular. Gulliver refers to this horse as his master. Gulliver tells his master of his life and his native land which is England. Gulliver talks about his crew and their lives and troubles. Many of Gulliver’s crew were lost at sea and they were replaced by criminals and men who were desperate for work. In describing these men, Gulliver shows his master what human nature is like. Gulliver has a hard time explaining the crimes and motives of men and their actions because his master does not understand dishonesty and treachery. Gulliver talks about why humans wage wars aga...


... middle of paper ...


... of the Houyhnhnm and their pursuit of knowledge allow them to live in perfect happiness. They are not selfish or greedy and are perfectly honest. If humanity were to strive towards gaining these qualities which the Houyhnhnm possess, humans would be more likely to create a better society. Humanity has created governments in order to promote justice, peace and prosperity. The Houyhnhnm created a similar government to help them maintain their virtuous society.

Humanity must place a large importance on virtue in order to make human society better. Humanity is very different from this land of horses. The horses seem to lack any emotion and are incapable of joy and sorrow. Humans often allow emotions to guide their decision-making process. The Houyhnhnm allow only reason to guide them. Humans should try to replicate this pattern to create better effects for society.


Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper








This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Gulliver's Travels Summary Essay - Gulliver's Travels Summary Part I: A Voyage To Lilliput On his first voyage, Gulliver is washed ashore after a shipwreck and awakes to find himself a prisoner of a race of 6 inch (15cm) ta...   [tags: Jonathan Swift Gulliver's Travels] 910 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Gulliver’s Travels and Phaedra – Passion or Reason Essay - Gulliver’s Travels and Phaedra – Passion or Reason Do you base your decisions on passion or reason. The way one bases his or her decisions affects the quality and happiness of his or her life. Neither passion nor reason should be the sole basis for one's philosophy or lifestyle, because passion without reason is uncontrollable, and reason without passion takes the spark out of life. Works such as Phaedra and Gulliver's Travels show that either extreme will likely result in chaos and unhappiness, teaching one to pull from both sides....   [tags: Gulliver's Travels Essays] 1329 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift Essay - In the fourth book of Gulliver’s Travels, Jonathan Swift uses satire to draw reader’s attention towards his concerns about humanity and uses irony to reveal his cynical views towards human kind. According to the Great Chain of Being, a term developed by the Renaissance that describes a divinely hierarchical order in every existing thing in the universe, human beings are placed a tier higher than animals (http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/english /melani/cs6/ren.html). However, by comparing human traits with unpleasant qualities of animals, Swift blurs the definition of human being and questions the hierarchical place of human....   [tags: great chain of being, renaissance]
:: 2 Works Cited
1535 words
(4.4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on Capabilities and The Downfall in Gulliver's Travels - Capabilities and The Downfall in Gulliver's Travels Upon reading “Gulliver’s Travels” I investigated the nature of man, his weaknesses, his capabilities, and the way of life that was fitting for him. Swift constantly stressed the evil of human pride as the greatest defect in human nature. Showing the dangerous consequences of our refusal to recognize our limitations as human being. In the first part of the “Travels”, Swift takes a simple, agreeable, man named Gulliver who has thought very little about life, and places him into a situation where he becomes victim of the uncontrollable pride of tiny creatures who act as if they were masters of the univer...   [tags: Papers] 761 words
(2.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Swifts Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift Essay - ... Dircks (2006) suggested that a careful evaluation of the social habits and lifestyle of the Houyhnhnms bore an indisputable attack on the social theories of the Whig government (137). The Houyhnhnms have no concept of government and they view Gulliver’s proud depiction of his government as flawed, due to the fact that a rational creature would not require laws to abide by, because reason and virtue, would adequately maintain peace. Swift uses the perspective of the Houyhnhnms that “reason alone is sufficient to govern a Rational Creature" (225) in order to shrewdly suggests that the Whig government is not a result of human reason because humanity lack reason and in-turn implies that we a...   [tags: human nature, language, satire] 1266 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Literary Response to Gulliver’s Travels Essay - Literary Response to Gulliver’s Travels 1.) Interpret the ending of Book IV in Gulliver’s Travels. How are we to understand Gulliver’s very strange behavior. In Book IV, Lemuel Gulliver’s fourth and final journey places him in the land of the Houyhnhnm, a civilization of intellectual, sensible horses, and senseless, inferior, and indecent humans. As Swift does throughout the novel, he ties his satire closely with Gulliver’s perceptions of the different world around him in his last adventure; these chapters do not change the method of Swift’s satire....   [tags: essays papers] 513 words
(1.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Gullivers Travels Essay - The Evolution of Gulliver In Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels, the main character, Gulliver, embarks on numerous journeys bringing him to strange lands and affecting his views of the world around him. His response to each voyage differ as do his ideas and reactions to the environment in which he is residing. Gulliver begins his expeditions with a very social and open behavior while possessing a general acceptance of any newly encountered beings. But by the end of the fourth voyage, Gulliver leans toward a more anti-social attitude which was derived from the hatred and disgust he has for human beings, the “Yahoos.'; As for the first voyage to Lilliput...   [tags: essays research papers] 1024 words
(2.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Gulliver's change throughout Gulliver's Travels - Gulliver’s change throughout Gulliver’s Travels Throughput the book “Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift, the character Gulliver changes many times. During and after part two and four of the book a noticeable change in Gulliver starts to occur. He himself may not see it but the reader sees it and ones attitude towards Gulliver might change due to Gulliver’s changes. Throughout these two parts, we see Gulliver as an adventurous man that wants to see everything that has been created in the world....   [tags: Johnathan Swift Gullivers Travels Gulliver]
:: 1 Works Cited
922 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Understanding Gulliver's Travels Essay - Gulliver's Travels Jonathan Swift wrote Gulliver's Travels in 1762 with the intent of entertaining many people. Entertainment through satire is what Swift had in mind. To fully understand Gulliver's Travels, one must first reflect upon the following: the plot, character, setting, theme, point of view, conflict, climax, resolution, symbolism, and figurative language. These ideas will help the reader comprehend some of the ideas portrayed throughout the novel, as well as why Swift wrote them....   [tags: Gulliver's Travels Essays] 798 words
(2.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Gulliver's Travels Essay - At first Gulliver’s travels comes off as a fantasy/adventure, but in actuality it’s a satirical commentary on society in Johnathan Swift. It starts off with Gulliver talking about himself. Later he gets shipwrecked and ends up in Lilliput, where the people are 6 inches tall. At first they think Gulliver is an enemy, but then realize he is no threat. He is taken to the palace and housed in a cursed temple. Gulliver is amazed at how silly the government’s rules are, for example to gain entry to the court the candidates must petition to the emperor....   [tags: Gulliver's Travels] 1017 words
(2.9 pages)
Good Essays [preview]