Preview
Preview

the Internet-Enhanced Self-Disclosure Hypothesis by Valkenburg and Peter

No Works Cited
Length: 2301 words (6.6 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Green      
Open Document




- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

As defined by Baron and Branscombe (2011), self-esteem refers to an individuals overall attitude toward themselves, or sense of self worth. A major influencer of self-esteem is social connectedness, or an individual’s sense of belongingness to his or her social environments and networks (Lee & Robbins, 1998). For example, being excluded or ignored by ones peers is said to be psychologically painful, therefore causing reduction in self-esteem (Baron & Branscombe, 2011). Thus, social connectedness and self-esteem can be considered to be positively associated. With this in mind, there has been on going debate since the end of the 20th century on the role that the Internet is playing in effecting the quality of social relationships among individuals, and, in turn, influencing their levels of self-esteem and psychological well-being. This has come to be known as the Internet Paradox, and the issue continues to be relatively conflicting, with opponents of the Internet criticizing that its use contributes to a decrease in social connectivity (Nie, Hillygus, & Erbring, 2002), loneliness (Moody, 2001), and depression (Morgan & Cotton, 2003), known as the social reduction hypothesis, and proponents finding results that support the idea that Internet use and social network interaction facilitates psychological well being by enhancing social connectedness (Grieve, Indian, Witteveen, Tolan, & Marrington, 2013) and the positive outcomes associated with it, referred to as social capital.
However, as time has moved on, research seems to support the proponents of the Internet, and can be explained by two changes in Internet use that have occurred since its manifestation. First off, an increase in the amount of Internet users has allowed for indi...


... middle of paper ...


...nd/or social anxiety) are said to benefit from the use of social network sites because it provides a distinct medium for them to develop social relationships they would otherwise be reluctant to and, thus, a sense of social connectedness and support (Grieve et al., 2013; Indian & Grieve, 2014). Furthermore, the Internet-enhanced self-disclosure hypothesis by Valkenburg and Peter (2009), which was tested and supported, claims that the use of social network sites for online communication indirectly promotes psychological well-being by allowing individuals to self-disclose intimate information with existing friends that they otherwise wouldn’t do in face-to-face interaction. This increase in online self-disclosure has been found to enhance relationship quality, and these high quality relationships ultimately promote psychological well-being (Valkenburg & Peter, 2009).



Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »







This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Technology Enhanced Learning Failures Essay - Most modern institutions have embraced the need for technology enhanced education in the past few years. The young people born around 1985 to 1995 were introduced to the new technology at their early stage in life. Furthermore, there has been a great competition within institutions of higher learning where they have embraced the new technology to fight what they term as traditional ways of teaching. The education sector has been influenced greatly by the advancement in technology globally leading creation of learning practices like e-learning (Lee & Cher , 2013, pp....   [tags: higher learning, technology enhanced]
:: 6 Works Cited
1820 words
(5.2 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Therapist’s Self-Disclosure in Therapeutic Relationships Essay - Regardless of the therapeutic approach utilised, an indispensible and communal component of most therapeutic approaches is the therapeutic relationship (Sparks, Duncan, & Miller, 2008). Norcross and Hill (2002) defined therapeutic relationship as the cooperative alliance between a therapist and the client. It is found to be influential in the success of a therapy (Lambert & Bergin, 1994). Hence, researchers began to investigate therapeutic relationship. Therapist’s self-disclosure (TSD) is one of the various factors investigated by researchers in terms of its influence on the therapeutic relationship (Audet & Everall, 2010)....   [tags: Therapy, Psychiatry, Psychology]
:: 22 Works Cited
1825 words
(5.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Self-Disclosure Through Weblogs and Perceptions of Online and 'Real-life' Friendships - Introduction The way people choose to portray themselves on an online social networking site or a dating site is does not always stand true to real life. There are many stipulations that one has to go through in order to be comfortable not only receiving, but distributing their personal information. This paper will explore different ways that online presentations in mediated communication through dating and social networking sites are represented and the issues that coincide. Social networking sites have distinctive cues that create various levels of importance to those browsing them....   [tags: Social Media, self-presentation]
:: 8 Works Cited
2143 words
(6.1 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Inhuman Enhanced Interrogation Techniques Essay - Enhanced Interrogation Techniques, were used in previous administrations. The techniques were considered at the very least to be cruel and inhuman. Among these are attention strikes and stress positions. The techniques violate human rights as well as detainee rights. There are few serious arguments for the retention of enhanced interrogation. The most compelling is the "ticking time bomb theory." This theory is in fact based on logical fallacy. An executive order has banned the use of enhanced interrogation....   [tags: enhanced interrogation, human rights, torture]
:: 12 Works Cited
1550 words
(4.4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Congruence of Counselor Self-Disclosure and Perceived Effectiveness Essays - The first research article I read for this assignment was Congruence of Counselor Self-Disclosure and Perceived Effectiveness by Scott J. Nyman, and Timothy K. Daugherty. This journal article documents an empirical study conducted by Scott Nyman and Timothy Daugherty examining the effect of counselor self-disclosure on the relationship between counselor and client. Counselors and researchers differ in their opinions regarding the use of self-disclosure. Some consider it a means to establishing a more effective relationship with patients, especially those from “diverse backgrounds or alternate lifestyles”(Nyman p.269) While others view counselor self-disclosure as having “potentially ha...   [tags: article review and analysis]
:: 1 Works Cited
1844 words
(5.3 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
The Role of Self-Disclosure and Uncertainty in Facebook Relationships Essay - In this study, we argue that that as online self-disclosure increases uncertainty decreases. When a person knows more about someone requesting to be their “friend” on a social media site or if they are requesting to be someone’s “friend”, the more he or she knows about an individual, the more comfortable he or she is. This study presents respondents with self-disclosure when adding a “friend”. To begin, I will briefly review the issue of self-disclosure and present predictions with uncertainty made in this study....   [tags: social media, twitter, knowledge]
:: 6 Works Cited
1212 words
(3.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Dual Relationships and Self-Disclosure Essay - Dual Relationships and Self-Disclosure Chemical Dependency counselors have quite a few ethical dilemmas to deal with. Therapists that are in recovery may confront some even more complex dilemmas, opposed to those who are not. There is a high percentage of addiction counselors that are in recovery. In fact, 55% of 36,000 members of the National Association of Alcohol and Drug Addiction Counselors (NAADAC) are recovering alcoholics and 21% are recovering from some other chemical dependency. This brings up two sides to counselors in recovery....   [tags: Papers] 1117 words
(3.2 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Fly Away Peter by David Malouf Essay - `Fly Away Peter' by David Malouf - To what extent is Jim's understanding of self enhanced by his contact with those around him. 'Fly Away Peter' is essentially a story about life. Through the life of Jim Saddler the reader becomes aware of the ideas posed by the author, David Malouf. Jim's life, if anything, is indeed a journey, unfolding through various broadening experiences that lead to Jim's eventual understanding of the world and his own self. However, to simply say that this understanding is enhanced solely by his contact with those around him is only true to a certain extent....   [tags: David Malouf's Fly Away Peter] 949 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Analysis of the Movie, Disclosure Essay - Disclosure is a drama/thriller. The genre for this movie states, “Sex is Power”. Tom is a happily married man, a successful computer expert, and works for a major computer company “Digicom”, which is about to merge. He believes he is going to receive a promotion because of all his devotion and work for the company. Instead the job goes to Meredith, who is from another plant and with whom he was romantically involved in his bachelor days. She is now his new boss, who is very aggressive, sexy and dedicated to destroy him after he refuses to have an affair with her....   [tags: Disclosure Movies Sex Films Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited
4404 words
(12.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Communication Skills Essay example - The results of my Insightfulness snapshot indicate that I am normally excellent at understanding what people have to say although there can be times that I contract the wrong impression. My snapshot of Self Disclosure with Friends explains that I am sometimes open with my friends but I do not constantly share every personal detail with them. I would agree with some of these results because of the type of person I am and the relationships I have formed. I definitely concur that most of the time I have a good idea of what people are communicating to me, although there is the odd time I am completely mistaken with my judgment....   [tags: self disclosure, behavior, communication]
:: 1 Works Cited
1396 words
(4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]