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Studies of Dental Fear and Anxiety Essay

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The dental fear and anxiety is an emotional distress condition that may lead to poor oral health in children, adolescents and adults. Researches of several studies investigated the origin, influence factors, physical and physiological responses, and types of management and intervention for dental phobia through various sources. Qualitative study utilized YouTube to gain insight to the public's perspective of dental fear and anxiety and understand the psychological impact in children and adolescents. Studies from collective literature search through EBSCOhost, Medline, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar databases revealed methods of intervention to help reduce dental anxiety and the avoidance of dental treatments. And a pharmacological study on 5-HT 3 antagonist may guide the way to discover a better anxiolytic that can potentially block the anxiogentic effects in patients with panic disorder and social phobia including dental fear and anxiety.




The Studies of Dental Fear and Anxiety in Children, Adolescents, and Adults
Generally, when people experience emotional distress such as fear from any circumstances our bodies will activate the fight or flight response to cope with the specific threat (Gordon, Heimberg, Tellez, & Ismail, 2013). It is likely that after those feelings had been introduced to us, we then developed a sense of worry for potential future threat. As Gordon, Heimberg, Tellez, and Ismail (2013) had established that this feeling of anticipation is what caused the conditioned response in our bodies called anxiety, the concept of phobia can be arrange in various degrees of severity. A closer look of dental fear and anxiety (DFA) study in children and adolescents revealed that anxiety disorder may developed early in life ...


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... therapy (CBT), relaxation training and techniques, dental fear and anxiety in children, adolescents and adults could be better treated in the future.


Works Cited

Gordon, D., Heimberg, R. G., Tellez, M., & Ismail, A. I. (2013). A critical review of approaches to the treatment of dental anxiety in adults. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 27, 365-378.
Gao, X., Hamzah, S., Yung-Yiu, C. K., McGrath, C., & King, N. M. (2013). Dental fear and anxiety in children and adolescents: qualitative study using YouTube. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 15, 1-11. doi: 10.2196/jmir.2290
McCann, U. D., Morgan, C. M., Geraci, M., Slate, S. O., Murphy, D. L., & Post, R. M. (1997). Effects of the 5-HT3 antagonist, ondansetron, on the behavioral and physiological effects of pentagastrin in patients with panic disorder and social phobia. Neuropsychopharmacology, 17, 360-369.


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