In the state of nature, a group will eventually have to form an agreement in order to survive. According to Rousseau, the resulting community is now its own body instead of just a group of individuals, now known as citizens. These citizens who are a part of the “sovereign” must follow the will of the sovereign. Rousseau presents the dichotomy of civil liberty - as the freedom with limits based on the gen...
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... the natural law. Within the civil state there are many laws that establish such a system. The social contract creates this system that holds everyone equally accountable. Within the contract, natural freedom is surrendered for rights. So everyone no longer has the freedom to do what he or she wishes. The contract entails what you are entitled to since you gave up your natural freedom. These are known as rights. Locke believes that there are innate rights in the state of nature; rights to life, liberty, and property. But in the state of nature, there are no mechanisms to ensure that these rights are protected. This essentially renders these rights useless, abstract, and non-existent. Because of this, the only way rights become meaningful and pertinent is in terms of a social contract and the subsequent governing bodies that produce rights along with upholding them.
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