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Essay State-Funded Stem Cell Research

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Scientists are attempting to expand on stem cell research, while aspiring towards new medical advancements, but Maryland is questioning State-funded research (Department of Legislative Services, Office of Information Systems [DLSOIS], 2011). Stem cells have the ability to regenerate themselves and produce specialized cell types (Academy of Sciences, 2009). After a stem cell divides, the stem cell can continue to exist as a stem cell, or turn into a unique cell, like a red blood cell (Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011). Stem cells have the capability to replace damaged cells, which can improve detrimental heath issues, such as cancer and cardiovascular disease (IOH, 2011).
A bill has been proposed to the Maryland General Assembly, which requested the Maryland Technology Development Corporation (TEDCO) and the Stem Cell Research Commission to report to the public on the progress of State-funded stem cell research by holding an annual public symposium, at which each recipient of money from the Stem Cell Research Fund must present research results. (DLSOIS, 2011). There are two types of stem cells: embryonic and adult(IOH, 2011). Embryonic cells, commonly referred to as blastocysts, are removed and placed into a culture dish with a special liquid, stimulating growth (IOH, 2011). Stem cells can be produced through in vitro fertilization or nuclear transfer (Academy of Sciences, 2009). In vitro fertilization allows for the removal of a woman’s eggs, which are then either implanted in the womb or placed in freezers for storage (Academy of Sciences, 2009). In vitro fertilization could be used to produce blastocysts and promote the isolation of stem cells with particular genetic traits, which woul...


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..., 2011. (2011, January 20). What are the similarities and differences between embryonic and adult stem cells? [Stem Cell Information]. NIH Stem Cell Information Home Page. Retrieved November 14, 2011, from http://stemcells.nih.gov/info/basics/bas
National Center for Biotechnology Information. Medical Encyclopedia. (2010, August 14). Cancer - PubMed Health. Retrieved November 14, 2011, from
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhe
Ribera, J. (2011). Acute lymphoblastic leukemia in adults. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved November 14, 2011, from
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/ articles/PMC3206531/?tool=pubmed
Siegel, A. (2009.). Ethics of Stem Cell Research (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved November 14, 2011, from
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/stem-cells/#EthCreEmbForSteCelResTh


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