According to Hobbes, the sovereign is picked the moment the commonwealth is created. In fact, when men lay down their right to everything, they lay them down to one man or an assembly of men who then, by retaining the rights they have in the state of nature, become the sovereign. The sovere...
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... without that initial action, Hobbes sovereign would not have the power gained through subjects laying down their right to everything. Rousseau’s version is superior because it realizes this. Without the people, there would be no state which is proven true in real life. If there is no one to run, then there is nothing to signify the sovereign’s power.
In the end, Rousseau comes out as top when comparing his and Hobbes’ theory of the sovereign. By acknowledging the subjects as the sovereign, Rousseau eliminates the possibility of there being any impartial actions by the sovereign that can negatively impact the subjects. He also separates the executive power from the sovereign which allows the people to control how much power the “prince” has over the state. Without this, the state is more susceptible to dissolving due leading men right back into the state of nature.
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