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Worldcom - ... In the White Paper presented to the Board of Directors, the CEO Scott Sullivan supported the decision to capitalize line costs. The rationale provided was that this was in line with the company’s goal of maintaining strong growth rate through increasing its capital investment. The company was willing to absorb these costs prior to recognising the related revenues associated with these costs, in accordance with the provisions of SAB 101 and FASB 91. The idea of deferring costs was justified on the basis and to the time of realisation of the realisation of future economic benefit associated with it....   [tags: Business]
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1228 words
(3.5 pages)
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Worldcom - Worldcom Question 1. A summary of Worldcom, historical data and background. Worldcom will soon be one of the largest telecommunication companies on the planet. Worldcom has built its global presence through a multitude of financial acquisitions and investments, highly successful product marketing programs, while making business alliances with many of the most successful companies in the technology and telecommunications sector. Worldcom (stock symbol: WCOM), formerly MCI, Worldcom and MCIWorldcom, is one of the world's most well known companies because it's global objective has been part of the company's strategy since day one....   [tags: Papers] 2862 words
(8.2 pages)
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Worldcom Fraud - Worldcom Fraud TABLE OF CONTENTS WORLDCOM MISSION STATEMENT..........................................PG. 3 THE ETHICAL PRINCIPLES AND TENETS OF WORLDCOM ............PG. 4 THE BEHAVIOR OF WORLDCOM ADMINISTRATORS ....................PG. 5 WAS CYNTHIA COOPER A HERO?.............................................PG. 6 WHAT WORLDCOM DID NOT RECOGNIZE .................................PG. 7 THE CONCLUSION..................................................................PG. 8 WORKS CITED.......................................................................PG....   [tags: Business Fraud Fraudulent] 1456 words
(4.2 pages)
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Worldcom Fraud - Abstract On March 15, 2005 former CEO of WorldCom, Bernard Ebbers sat in a federal courtroom waiting for the verdict. As the former CEO of WorldCom, Ebbers was accused of being personally responsible for the financial destruction of the communications giant. An internal investigation had uncovered $11 billion dollars in fraudulent accounting practices. Later a second report in 2003 found that during Ebber’s 2001 tenure as CEO, the company had over-reported earnings and understated expenses by an astonishing $74.5 billion dollars (Martin, 2005, para 3)....   [tags: Business finance scandal] 1356 words
(3.9 pages)
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WorldCom Fraud Case - ... This was the biggest loan made by a publicly traded company to one of their senior executives in recent history (Moberg and Romar). A loan this large to a senior executive brings up many questions including conflicts of interest and breach of fiduciary duties (Moberg and Romar). The loan itself was not illegal. The problem was the loan was made to Mr. Ebbers at just slightly above 2% interest (Moberg and Romar). Mr. Ebbers could not have gotten this low of an interest rate anywhere at this point in time, and this was also well below the marginal rate of return that WorldCom could have gotten had the company invested this money elsewhere (Moberg and Romar)....   [tags: Case Study, solution]
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2239 words
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A Look Inside The WorldCom Scandal - ... Additionally, victims of workplace bullying may experience various symptoms such as weight loss and difficulty sleeping (Namie, 2003). This is exactly what happened to accounting manager Betty Vinson. Sullivan bullied Vinson into releasing accruals. Vinson was eager to maintain her status and did as requested, more than once. Vinson began to lose weight and sleep due to the bullying she experienced and the guilt she carried (Kaplan & Kiron, 2007). Preventative measures could have been instituted to avoid the WorldCom corporate fraud....   [tags: Business Fraud]
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958 words
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Business Analysis: WorldCom Inc. - ... A closer examination revealed that "throughout much of 2001, WorldCom’ s Business Operations and Revenue Accounting groups tracked the difference between projected and target revenue and kept a running tally of accounting “opportunities” that could be exploited to bridge that gap." (Beresford, Katzenbach, Rogers, 2003, p. 14) So in essence, you have a culture of employees and leadership knowingly and actively participating in a strategic plan to deceive and attain organizational goals. The consensus then and now by most analysts is that WorldCom's failure was not only driven by their organizational culture but supported by the auditing firm Arthur Andersen’s lack of responsible follow up....   [tags: Business Analysis ]
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1066 words
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Module 2 Critical Thinking: WorldCom - ... Without full disclosure of these items no one could see how many risks the company was taking by making fraudulent entries against their books. Also the external audit team, Arthur Anderson, held WorldCom as one of its best customers which was a major conflict of interest. This relationship lead to many fundamental mistakes from Anderson not keeping pressure on WorldCom and getting all vital information that would prove how poorly the company was being run. Had they been operating transparently, auditors and employees would have seen the accounting deception and could potentially have stopped it prior to the company’s collapse....   [tags: Business Management ]
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1350 words
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Management Planning: Worldcom - Organizations are responsible for the legal, ethical, and social issues that affect each stakeholder within the company. These factors continually impact the planning process performed at each level of management. An organization that neglects to establish and monitor plans can become disorganized and ultimately lose control of practices performed throughout the corporation. A prime example of poor planning due to disregard of legal, ethical, and social issues were the executives employed at WorldCom....   [tags: Business Management ] 1246 words
(3.6 pages)
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WorldCom and The Mississippi Scheme Scandals - WorldCom and The Mississippi Scheme are both large financial scandals that have occurred. WorldCom was a telecommunication company that overstated their cash flow by reporting $7.6 billion in operating expenses as capital expenses. WorldCom is the largest accounting scandal in US history as of March 2002. The Mississippi Scheme was a business scheme that destroyed the economy of France during the 1700’s. The scheme involved the loss of paper money’s purchasing power as a result of asset inflation....   [tags: Finance Accounting Scandals Fraud White Collar Cri] 1703 words
(4.9 pages)
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Report On Amex, Nasdaq And Worldcom Inc. - Report on AMEX, NASDAQ; Different/Similar. WorldCom Inc. This report will cover the AMEX and NASDAQ and how they are similar and how they are different and will give some background on each. It will also cover the WorldCom Inc chief executive Bernard J. Ebbers conviction and how it affected them and the Telecommunication Industry as a whole. It will also discuss the merger of AMEX and the NYSE Euronext and a little background on that as well (Assignment List, 2008, Unit 1, Assignment 2). When the marker opened in 1971 all markets worldwide were floor based....   [tags: Compare Contrast Finance Investment] 793 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Consequences of Bad Business Decisions - In today's world business is very competitive. To compete with other company's executives have turned to corrupt practices. Once respected businesses like Enron, WorldCom, and Arthur Anderson have been found deceiving there customers, stockholders, and employees. C.E.O.'s try to achieve the American dream and pursue capitalism to its fullest potential. In doing so, business leaders have lost their values and ethics, and make bad business decisions. The downfalls of a company are the consequence of C.E.O.'s bad decisions....   [tags: Marketing] 1312 words
(3.7 pages)
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Ethics And Enron - ENRON Introduction Enron was the country’s largest trader and marketer for electric and natural gas energy. Its core business was buying energy at a negotiated price and later, selling the energy when prices increased. As an energy broker, Enron provided a service by allowing producers to negotiate a certain price while Enron took the risk that prices would fall below what it bought energy. Buyers of energy also benefited because Enron could ensure the supply of energy. In 2000 Enron was listed number five on the Fortune 500....   [tags: Business Ethics] 1917 words
(5.5 pages)
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Oligopoly - An oligopoly describes a market situation in which there are limited or few sellers. Each seller knows that the other seller or sellers will react to its changes in prices and also quantities. This can cause a type of chain reaction in a market situation. In the world market there are oligopolies in steel production, automobiles, semi-conductor manufacturing, cigarettes, cereals, and also in telecommunications. Often times oligopolistic industries supply a similar or identical product. These companies tend to maximize their profits by forming a cartel and acting like a monopoly....   [tags: Business Oligopolistic Industries] 1446 words
(4.1 pages)
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Telecommunications and Networking Report - Telecommunications and Networking Report 1.“Free Web Services Challenge AOL’s Dominance” - Internet business analysts generally are not yet convinced of the viability of the free web service business model for bring profitable. None-the-less, most agree that the free access will probably take a significant chunk of AOL’s market share before running out of investor’s money. 2.“Visitalk.com Builds White Pages for Web Phone Calls” - Visitalk.com has unveiled plans to simplify the routing of phone calls over the Internet....   [tags: Telecommunications Technology Essays] 4420 words
(12.6 pages)
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Downfall Of Major Corporations - Downfall Of Major Corporations CONFIDETIAL In this report I will be talking about how businesses choose the road to greed instead of choosing the ethical road. Some of the largest companies in the world fell to this type of thinking, naming some such as Worldcom and Enron. But as stated in the article "business ethics at work", There are huge ethical dilemmas plaguing the world today because it is very hard to mix ethics and profits because the main focus of many businesses are to make a profit for themselves and their shareholders....   [tags: Business Ethics] 1166 words
(3.3 pages)
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Investment Risk In Stock Market Securities - Investment Risk in Stock Market Securities Introduction: Stories of people making fortunes from the securities market have enticed many others into risky investments. Congress created the Securities & Exchange Commission (SEC) to protect investors. Many corporation managers became greedy and made self-serving decisions that created the principle-agent problems. The solutions for these problems lead to more unethical behavior from management. The creative use of financial statements even tricked analysts and brokers....   [tags: Investment Stock Market Accounting] 1259 words
(3.6 pages)
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Internal Control - There are two primary goals of internal control. The first goal is to keep assets safe from robbery, theft by the employees, and any other unauthorized use. The second goal is to assure the reliability and accuracy of the accounting records. This step is done to reduce the risks of mistakes, intentional or unintentional in the accounting process. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act was implemented in 2002. This act was implemented as a result of a number of accounting scandals that resulted in the loss of billions of dollars to the investors....   [tags: Accounting]
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852 words
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Business Ethics - Ethics are very important in the business world and to the general public. Ethics is defined as a system of moral principles or the rules of conduct recognized in respect to a particular class of human actions or a particular group. Using a moral compass should be a requirement for every CEO and executive. Any person who will have some impact on society needs to understand the difference between right and wrong. Since businesses touch such a large segment of our society, codes of ethics must be established and followed to protect the general public....   [tags: Ethics]
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The Effects of a Bust Economy on Audit Risk - ... The executives hid expenses by booking operating costs as capital investments, causing their cash flow to be overstated by over $3.8 billion (Romero & Berenson, 2002 para. 7). Another factor increasing inherent risk is the likelihood of a company to overvalue its assets to give the appearance that its products or services are still highly demanded. A sudden drop in the economy can lead to a change in consumer preferences or cause a product or service to become obsolete. If the demand for a product has significantly decreased throughout the year, then a change needs to be reflected in the product value....   [tags: Economics]
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Criminalization of Corporate Behavior - ... Then, the scandals that surfaced around the beginning of the 21st century helped lead to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. “It tightened rules for corporate behavior, and gave boards heightened responsibility for eliminating illegal conduct.” (Etzioni; Mitchell) The passing of Sarbanes-Oxley caused companies to incur more costs, but it is said that over time it will serve to diminish the amount of corporate crimes taking place. Criminalizing corporate behavior is a necessity. Take for example what happened in the late 1800s when there was very little corporate regulation....   [tags: Crime ]
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Recommended Changes to the Security and Exchange Commission Regulations - ... In addition, the bond companies will need to provide proof that they can cover on a defaulted bond. Review of these companies must be made at your discretion to ensure that each bonding company is still remaining as a third party. A company required to have bond coverage may have a conflict of interest if they owned the bond company. A similar conflict of interest was seen with Enron when “current laws and SEC regulations allow firms like Arthur Andersen to provide consulting services to a company and then turn around and provide the audited report about the financial results of these consulting activities....   [tags: Finance]
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Financial Statements - ... Then corrective measures can be taken to save the company from ominous bankruptcy. Much of the literary work on financial distress relates to failure prediction and survival analysis of firms. Some studies on financial distress have been made in the context of corporate risk management. Our study aims at studying the financial distress along with key performance indicators of the corporations to see how these indicators (profitability, Size of Firm, Working capital and Working capital productivity.) co-move with the financial distress....   [tags: Economy, Financial Distress] 2290 words
(6.5 pages)
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The Ethics for Internal Auditors in Communicating Inappropriate Financial Procedures to Management - ... Internal auditors have an obligation to advise the team of operational issues. Failure to communicate findings has severe consequences. Once the internal auditor has identified improper accounting processes; there is a professional and ethical obligation to properly communicate theses details to the organization (Judd, P.B). Failure communicate findings subsequently will impede the proper measures to correct such issues. The inability to adequately assess and develop accounting processes and provide accurate financial statements increases the risks financial hardships....   [tags: Ethics ]
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1442 words
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Economic Liablity System of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia - Risk is a fact of human life. And, contemporary living has more risk of a certain kind than living in the past. Take the case of economic activities particularly now in the international context. There are definitely more and greater risks now, especially in the securities or capital market, than when barter was still the medium of economic exchange in any country in the world. The current risks are not only occasioned by the hugeness of the business or organizational entities at play , the enormity of finances that are involved, and the complexity of the transactions that are concerned – among others....   [tags: Economics] 541 words
(1.5 pages)
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The Standard.com Case Study - The Standard.com Case Study The Standard provides critical and timely information about the Internet economy and furthermore gives a sophisticated coverage of the people, the companies, and the business models shaping it. Their content comprises insightful news analysis, business model reviews, personality profiles, and industry metrics, which support are both a print magazine, The Industry Standard and the online publication TheStandard.com. The Standard is a business-to-business Web site designed for senior-level executives who wants to keep up with the e-business....   [tags: GCSE Business Marketing Coursework]
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369 words
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Distance Learning - Distance Learning "As we enter the Information Age, more and more adults from various economic and cultural backgrounds, already in the workplace, and with families are seeking to educate themselves to keep up in their careers" (Duderstadt, J., 1999). Whether that is through Higher Education, the university system, or their company's Intranet is usually dependent upon the learner. The ways that they seek to educate and re-educate themselves to stay abreast with current trends in their jobs is the topic of this paper, Distance Learning....   [tags: Education Distant Learn Essays]
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Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB) - Will it Protect Investors? - Public Company Accounting Oversight Board; Will it Protect Investors.      The Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB) was created by Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. This board was created to oversee the audit of public companies, subject to the securities laws, in order to protect the interests of investors (15 USC 7201, 2002). It was created in wake of the recent financial scandals of Enron, WorldCom, and Global Crossing to name a few. This “Act” established by Congress is to create an oversight board, so that such scandals will never occur again....   [tags: Business Accounting]
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1118 words
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Competition Among The Telecommunications Industry - Competition Among The Telecommunications Industry There are currently 807 companies in the TIA (Telecommunications Industry Association) database of companies. Of the 807 companies, 251 of them currently offer wireless services. Also 281 offer broadband services, of those offering broadband 160 of them offer cable, 72 offer DSL (Digital Subscriber Line), and 49 offer T-Carriers. There are currently 242 member companies in the MMTA (Multimedia Telecommunications Association) Database of companies....   [tags: Papers] 548 words
(1.6 pages)
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Technical Advancement in the Field of Telecommunication - Technical Advancement in the Field of Telecommunication The move into the Information Society is driven by the market for new information and communications technologies and services. Whilst the large number of technologies and services and their providers bring expectations of higher economic growth, there has been a growing concern about the social, ethical, cultural, political and economic aspects of the coming society. For some time there has been a considerable interest in the prospects of obtaining a "sustainable development" through the use of telecommunication technologies....   [tags: Papers] 3074 words
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Effects Of Sarbanes-Oxley Act SOX - ABSTRACT This paper provides an in-depth evaluation of Sarbanes-Oxley Act, which is said to be promoted to produce change in the corporate environment, in general, by stressing issues of public accountability and disclosure in the financial operations of business. It explains how this is an Act that represents the government's and the Security and Exchange Commission's concern in promoting ethical standards in terms of financial disclosure in the corporate environment. This paper addresses the current criticism of the exportation of U.S....   [tags: Business Regulation Accounting] 1866 words
(5.3 pages)
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Ethical Behaviour - For most organizations, values statements are simply rhetoric that sits on a fancy plaque on the wall. The real values are seen in the halls, not on the walls. High performing organizations are clear about their values and about what they translate into in day-to-day behavior. They use their values strategically, to guide every decision and action. The challenge with values is that they are usually vague concepts that have different meanings to different people. Every person usually has a strong sense of what typical values (trust, hard-work, etc.) mean, but the definitions different people have for the same value are usually not the same....   [tags: Business Ethics] 1006 words
(2.9 pages)
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Ethics In Financial Business Decisions - Ethics in Financial Business Decisions Student Name School Name Class Title Course Number Instructor’s Name Date Written Ethics in Financial Business decisions The work I reviewed begins with a simple introduction explaining the roots of ethics in America wrought with quotes from our earliest leaders including George Washington and John Adams. Additional quotes identify and support the “Ten Universal Values” of “honesty, integrity, promise-keeping, fidelity, fairness, caring, respect for others, responsible citizenship, pursuit of excellence, and accountability (Smith & Smith, 2003)....   [tags: Business Ethics] 965 words
(2.8 pages)
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Private Companies Struggle With The Sarbanes-Oxley Act - Samuel Smiles, an 18th century Scottish, writer once said, "It is possible that the scrupulously honest man may not grow rich so fast as the unscrupulous and dishonest one; but, the success will be of a truer kind, earned without fraud or injustice. And even though a man should for a time be unsuccessful, still he must be honest: better lose all and save character. For character is itself a fortune…" (Zaadz, 2005). Major corporate scandals such as Enron and WorldCom shook the business world at the turn of the century in a powerful way....   [tags: Business Ethics Morals ] 1962 words
(5.6 pages)
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Market Watch: Regulation of the Stock Market - Market Watch: Regulation of the Stock Market The Enrons and Worldcoms made it clear that the financial markets cannot be left under the auspices of corporate directors and officers, without oversight authority. "The corporate abuses and fraud that Enron exemplified, while not a first in the financial markets, they were certainly a first in terms of the magnitude of the losses to stockholders and the confidence the public reposed in the financial sector (Bequai 2003)." As a result of the stock market crash of 1929 regulations such as the Securities Act of 1933 and Securities Exchange Act of 1934 were established to prevent such practices as those that contributed to the downfalls of Enron and Worldcom....   [tags: Stock Market Crash 1929 History] 1666 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Sarbanes-Oxley Act: Protecting Corporate Assets - Internal Controls. Kind of like a brick wall, or a fire wall on a computer. Internal controls act as a way to keep a company and its assets safe, as well as make sure that the company maintains complete and accurate accounting records. Internal controls are in charge of the overall well being of a company from its assets to its employees, even to its sales and reputation. A lot of things are involved with internal controls such as; Sarbanes-Oxley Act, stock well being, well being and safety of assets and accounting accuracy....   [tags: SOX Act, Internal Controls] 1024 words
(2.9 pages)
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Benefits of the Sarbanes Oxley Act - Internal controls are measures put into place that allow for more accurate and deliberate representation of a company’s financial data. Internal controls also serve to protect a company’s assets from theft, fraud or misuse. With internal controls in place it becomes more visible to recognize if someone is stealing or misusing funds in any way. Internal controls also help to zoom in on errors or unintentional mistakes. When these errors are picked up on early it eliminates future problems for the company and its investors down the road....   [tags: Business Controls, Internal Controls] 887 words
(2.5 pages)
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Internal Controls - Internal controls are increasingly a crucial part of any business large or small. Controls serve two purposes according to financial accounting chapter eight; they safeguard assets and enhance the accuracy and reliability of accounting records. Expanding on that concept internal controls are put in place as a result of activities that have occurred in the past and are an effort to protect internal and external users. Internal controls safeguard company assets by outlining fair and efficient regulations in an effort to prevent theft....   [tags: Accounting] 1121 words
(3.2 pages)
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"Bean Counter": Analysis of Television Commercial for Apple - Successful product advertisement relies upon the use of images and ideas that are easily recognizable by modern audiences and express a common point of view. Companies often use cultural stereotypes, exaggerated characters, and iconic representations of larger social groups to quickly and effectively portray a message about their product and the type of people who use it. Apple, the makers of Macintosh computers and electronics, use familiar stereotypes of computer users to appeal to their target demographic and increase the appeal of the items they are trying to sell....   [tags: advertising, technology]
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Forensic Accounting - Forensic Accounting When I hear the word ‘Forensic’ the idea and image of a homicide investigation in which evidence gathered is analyzed at a laboratory to determine ‘who done it’. Shows like CSI, Bones, Law and Order depicts the forensic aspect in their broadcast. Being a registered nurse, another thought comes to mind when hearing the term ‘forensic’. I like to watch Dr. G medical examiner on the Discovery channel. That is a reality show regarding investigative research on how a person died....   [tags: Business Ethics]
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Auditors in the Business World - Accounting is the process of identifying, recording, and communicating the economic events of an organization to interested users to make sound decisions. In accounting identifying economic events involves selecting the economic activities related to a particular organization such as paying out salaries to employees of a particular entity. In turn, once these economic activities have been identified they are recorded in the books daily into a systematic system measured in dollars. These economic events are then classified and summarized by an accounting system....   [tags: Accounting]
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Business and Its Publics: Cycle 1 Essay - ... Brown assumes that competition, not specialization, leads to lower price levels and greater economic growth. He also contends that smaller corporations are more ethical than their larger counterparts. But are either of these really the case. Going back to the factory and fishery example, what would the large factory do if Brown's proposal was implemented. Most likely, the factory would move its operations overseas where operating costs are lower, causing state and local government to lose much needed tax revenue and workers to lose their jobs....   [tags: Business Management ]
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The Integrity of Capital Markets - ... For example, cases have been reported where top management teams in a collapsing organization leak some such sensitive information to a small group of shareholder. As a consequence, the informed shareholders clear their shares through sale from the involved organization through adoption of a luring technique. This leaves the future investors at a state of dilemma accompanied with frustration and loss bearing the opportunities foregone (O'Brien, 2007). Capital markets should uphold their integrity by acting independently through formulation of strategies an making of decision which are whatsoever not biased or discriminatory....   [tags: Economics]
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Corporate Governance and Ethics - ... According to (Sternberg, Elaine 2009, pg7), there are “defects of conventional corporate social responsibility and business ethics”. The meaning are often vague and “are rarely clear”, (Sternberg, 2009, pg. 7). This would serve as an excellent segue in reference to what (Rodriquez-Dominquez, 2009) states, codes should be “written documents through which corporations hope to shape employee behavior and produce change by making explicit statements as to desired behavior”. Some researchers believe that codes are stated in several theories....   [tags: Business Ethics ]
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Connections Between Crime and Poverty - ... Since the myth that perpetuates the idea that the poor commit more crimes it is often over looked that people with criminal records find it hard to find work and pull themselves out of poverty. Unable to better themselves or find gainful employment many of these people find themselves going back to crime in order to make a living (Vogel, 2008). Poverty ridden areas are also breeding grounds for substance abuse. People living in poverty stricken areas unable to find employment, education, or any way to improve their social status tend to turn to substance abuse (Vogel, 2008)....   [tags: Social Studies]
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Commodities Investing - ... Speculative risk is also a possibility with commodities. This occurs when speculators drive up (or down) the price of commodity when seeking short-term profits (Plante and Roberge, 2007). Securities, while also subject to legislative and speculative risk, carry many additional risks. The risk of corporate governance is the possibility that the investor might be a victim of corporate fraud or mismanagement. The Enron and WorldCom scandals are examples of corporate fraud that cost investors billions (Parrino, 2010)....   [tags: Investments]
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Corporate Ethics - ... Shareholders should follow an investing guideline provided by the ethical administrative agency. This proposed agency should provide ethical training to all parties of a corporation, including shareholder. An educated shareholder will make responsible choices. Investing in ethical and socially responsible companies is the best option for all citizens. Companies such as Enron and WorldCom helped to drastically harm the United States economy. Had shareholders been educated and not misled by these corporations, many shareholders may have opted to invest in more ethical companies....   [tags: Business Ethics ]
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Vitamix Revenue Recognition - ... Revenue Recognition Vitamix should recognize the revenue immediately because the cost of servicing the extended warranty can be reasonably calculated. The accounting team calculates the costs associated with servicing this warranty based on historical averages and accrues for it as a percentage of sales. Since we can estimate the cost, we can therefore produce an accurate net revenue amount because this amount is a conservative and reasonable amount of the realized and earned revenue. (Connors, 2011) Household Show Consignment Sales Overview To show the versatility and power of the Vitamix product, the company frequently demonstrates their machines at large retail locations....   [tags: Accounting]
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Taxation of Foreign Corporations - ... It has seven subsidiaries in Delaware that do nothing but hold the trademarks of Limited Brands Inc. These subsidiaries charge their retail siblings fees to use their trademarks which transfers those hundreds of millions of dollars’ worth of revenue away from state that have high income taxes back do Delaware where they are exempt (Simpson). Limited is not alone in pursuing this sort of exemption. In 1991 Wal-Mart set up a holding company of its own, WMR Inc. in Delaware (Walmart Watch). In 2006 however, the New Mexico Taxation and Revenue Department upheld an $11.6 million corporate income tax assessment against Wal-Mart for its use of a holding company to avoid taxes....   [tags: Government]
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Do Governmental CSR Policies Assist Consumers or Organizations - ... The audit committee is responsible for selecting the auditor. Furthermore, the Security Exchange Commission requires SOX to adopted rules of professional responsibility for attorneys representing public companies. The policies require attorneys to report evidence of a material violation of securities law or breach of fiduciary duty to the Chief Legal Officer, Chief Executive Officer, or the Board of Directors. Additionally, SOX requires businesses to “evaluation internal control process and adjust organizational policies to be aligned with SOX”, (Parles, O’Sullivan, & Shannon, 2007)....   [tags: Government]
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Business - ... They introduced the concept of normative ethics as a tool for managers and accountants during their decision making process. By examining the Adelphia fraud the authors tried to suit owners’ and auditors’ behavior with any level of their proposed ethical theory. Reinstein et al (2006) apply Kohlberg’s theory (1969, 1976, 1981, 1984) of moral development to clarify ethical breakdowns in business. According to this theory “every individual passes through six stages of moral reasoning ,ranging from adhering to rules because of fear of punishment to adhering to rules due to concern with ethical principles and respect for the dignity of humans ”( Reinstein, Moehrle and Reynolds-Moehrle , 2006:426).There are three main levels of development....   [tags: Financial Scandal, Ethical Theories, Informative] 1137 words
(3.2 pages)
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History of Corporate Governance - ... Rockola Juke Box Company and General Motors Corporation made M-1 Carbines, International Harvester made the M-1 Garand rifles, and Singer Sewing Machine Company made 1911A .45 caliber pistols to support the war effort, while Chrysler Motor Company manufactured the B-29 airplane. At the end of World War II, corporations returned to their original business operations. According to Cheffins (2011), corporate governance was a product of the post-World War II economic boom that included both a housing and industrial boom, which created new corporations to provide for the growing demand for housing, goods and services....   [tags: Business Management ]
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Is the Operation of Auditing Necessary? - ... It is believed that a big benefaction comes from well studied case, field research of the firms that would be willing to engage us to help understand how managers overcome the ethical issues in the business world. Such ‘ethical audits’ would not only help clarify current ethical issues in business but would engage us to better understand the organizational and economic factors that shape business decision-making. Here, I want to talk about Arthur Andersen Company as an example of auditing corruption....   [tags: Business Ethics ]
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Government Oversight and Corporate Ethics - ... 535-536). This social policy was responsible for the housing bubble reaching an unnatural size and duration placing the risks necessary to create such a bubble squarely on the shoulders of the taxpayer. A study by the Brooking Institute provided several narratives regarding the financial crisis of 2008 that were eventually reflected in the Dodd-Frank Act passed by congress after these narratives appeared (Wallison, 2011). The narrative most popular with the media and broad popular sentiment is that Wall Street created the crisis by reckless behavior, greed, and arrogant belief in its own ability to understand and manage excessively complex investments....   [tags: Business Ethics ]
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Hostile Takeovers - Hostile Takeovers A hostile takeover is defined as an acquisition of a firm despite resistance by the target firm’s management and board of directors. This occurs when a stronger business absorbs another company against the target company’s will. Hostile takeovers are most likely to occur when a firm’s stock is undervalued relative to its potential because of poor management. Generally, the managers of the targeted firm are fired. This gives managers a strong incentive to take actions designed to maximize stock prices....   [tags: GCSE Business Marketing Coursework]
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Capitalism or Constitution: Who Runs the United States - After reading two different views on what influences political power in the United States, I have set out to answer 4 questions assigned to me to help define how laws and regulations are laid out, and in most cases, gone around all together. In the text "American Government", the reading was a very fundamental basis of how the federal government was ran according to the constitution and the various philosophies that members of political leadership employ to wield power to influence voters and fellow congressional leaders....   [tags: Politics] 447 words
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Determining when to Sue - Determining When to Sue When a wrongful deed is committed, many questions arise as to who is at fault and who can recover damages. Many people may be affected from one incident leading to a whole strew of law suits. Before immediately seeking litigation, the plaintiff must look at the situation from both points of view in order to make sure that his case will more than likely be successful. In the situation concerning the Boston Globe accusations on Emmet Hayes, many illegal activities occurred and therefore, Hayes, his daughter Jill, and the Boston Globe must decide whether they should pursue legal action....   [tags: Emmet Hayes Case Law Essays] 1299 words
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Is Greed All That Bad? - Is Greed All That Bad. When the word “greed” is used it is most often in a negative connotation describing some sort of socially unacceptable behavior. Individuals who are described as “greedy” are often considered thieves or usurpers. Yet, is greed really that bad. Is it not greed that, ultimately, motivates one to excel. In a commencement speech at the University of California-Berkeley’s School of Business Administration stock speculator Ivan Boesky declared, “Greed is all right, by the way…. I think greed is healthy” (James), could a man who seemed so successful be so very wrong....   [tags: Success Greed Persuasive Papers]
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Memo to Martha Stewart, CEO of Martha Stewart Omnimedia - Memo to Martha Stewart, CEO of Martha Stewart Omnimedia Dear Ms. Stewart, I am writing to address some concerns I have about the future of your company, Martha Stewart Omnimedia (MSO). Perhaps the one issue that you are grappling with at present is about the Imclone scandal. You have been accused of selling $227,000 worth of Imclone stock based on inside information. Because of these charges of insider trading, your critics have summarily associated you with other disgraced company directors: Kenneth Lay of Enron and Bernard Ebbers of WorldCom....   [tags: Letter Martha Stewart Business Essays]
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Inetgrity:The Control of a Dream - Integrity:The Control of a Dream Last year I spoke to you on Patriotism, the Belief in a Dream. I tried to relate this subject to the commitment one feels to employees, suppliers, and customers from the day they first start their business until it is molded into success, and beyond. I termed Patriotism as a love for and devotion to the success of the business. During the journey of building and running a business there are numerous challenges that test the meddle of the many individuals involved....   [tags: Economics Businesses Papers] 2105 words
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Mo' Money, Mo' Greed & Corruption - Mo' Money, Mo' Greed & Corruption The American dream: a spouse, a few children, a lucrative job, a nice home, and of course, some material luxuries. Those who are able to realize this goal have my respect and they should be proud of their accomplishments. However, my beef arises with the very few Americans who greatly surpass this dream. Yes, I mean the multi-millionaires and billionaires of America. The wealthiest one percent of our nation owns half the financial assets and 38 percent of the total wealth....   [tags: Economics Finance Papers Financial] 1800 words
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California Love - California Love Do you have any interest in politics. Could you lay your hands on $3,500. Would you be able to attain 65 signatures from registered voters. If you answered yes to these three questions, then congratulations, you are qualified to enter the race to run the fifth largest economic empire in the world. All the more power to you my friend. If you are not already aware, my home state of California is undergoing civic pandemonium disguised in political rhetoric as a “recall.” We are witnessing one of the biggest travesties in the modern era and poor Gray Davis is clearly the victim....   [tags: Economics Culture Cultural Essays] 1113 words
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Barclays plc: Socially Responsible Corporate Behaviour - Barclays plc: Socially Responsible Corporate Behaviour How does Barclays plc fulfil its obligations to their stakeholders in terms of ethical business practice and socially responsible corporate behaviour. According to The Institute of Business Ethics (cited in MORI, 2003), “80% of the public believe that large companies have a moral responsibility to society but 61% also thought large companies don’t care”. Why this shocking conclusion. Due to major accounting scandals such as Enron and WorldCom the public’s confidence in organisations have decreased....   [tags: Business Management Studies] 1640 words
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Cost Accounting: Its role and ethical considerations - Cost Accounting: Its role and ethical considerations Introduction: Accounting is the process of identifying, measuring, and communicating economic information about an entity for the purpose of making decisions and informed judgements. The major areas of within the accounting are: Financial Accounting, Managerial Accounting/Cost Accounting and Auditing- Public Accounting Managerial accounting is concerned with the use of economic and financial information to plan and control the activities of an entity and to support the management in planning and decision-making process....   [tags: Business Finance Accountant Essays]
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Business Ethics in Today's Corporate World - Business Ethics in Today's Corporate World Business ethics is part of today’s society whether you like it or not. There are many things happening in today’s corporate world that needs to be opinioned. Are ethical judgments merely a matter of personal opinion. Yes because we live in a free society I think that most ethical judgments are based on a matter of what you believe in. Everyone has the right to think differently. There will also be similarities and differences in your ethical point of view because of religion, race, and education but I don’t think it will be much different than someone else’s opinion if it all comes down to these factors....   [tags: Business Morals Ethical Judgements Essays] 2971 words
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Case Study - AOL/Time Warner - AOL Time Warner On December 14, 2000, the Federal Trade Commission approved the planned merger of AOL and Time Warner after both companies pledged to “protect consumer choice” both now and in the future. The AOL Time Warner merger was approved by the Federal Communications Commission on January 11, 2001, and is the biggest merger in corporate history, then estimated at a total market value of $350 billion. The merger created a ‘powerhouse’ of new and traditional media. AOL Time Warner has led the union of the media, entertainment, communications and Internet industries....   [tags: essays research papers] 835 words
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Databases - Databases in My Organization Abstract Databases have been in use since the early days of computing programs. An Information Technology services company, such as Getronics, not only utilizes databases for information and record management, it earns revenue by providing database management services. Getronics uses Microsoft SQL Server 2000 as its database software. The clients that contract Getronics for Information Technology services rely and depend on the accuracy and currency of the database information that is stored....   [tags: essays research papers] 965 words
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economics - The US has some of the strongest laws concerning competition of any industrialized country. Under laws dating back to the 1890s, a conspiracy in restraint of trade is a criminal offence - and companies are treated like individuals, with their bosses personally responsible for their firms' actions. In the late 19th Century, the booming US economy entered a period of rapid consolidation. "Trusts" (or holding companies) were created to bring together all the firms in a particular industry - The Sugar Trust, The Tobacco Trust, and The Steel Trust....   [tags: essays research papers] 723 words
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IMC and ethical concerns - IMC and Ethical Concerns With the constant advances in technology, the business world has become global. Companies compete with the business across the street as well as the business halfway around the globe. Organizations must be innovative to not only thrive but also just to survive. They must be aware of the internal and external factors both locally and globally that can affect their business. Internal Factor and External Factors Internal factors are within the organization. They encompass the marketing mix, ethics, corporate culture, and diversity....   [tags: essays research papers] 869 words
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music - Coca Cola: Is It “the Real Thing”. Most of us think about the Coca-Cola Company in a positive light because it continues to bring us what is arguably the tastiest soft drink around. One would expect that a company that describes itself on its website as “a company that exists to benefit and refresh everyone it touches” and has been so successful for years would have a corporate culture and code of ethics that matches this image. However, a closer look at the Coca-Cola Company, its corporate culture and allegations of corruption paint a less than rosy picture of the soft drink leader....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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The Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002 - H.R.3763 - The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 A lot has been made, perhaps without justification, of the July 30, 2002 passage of H.R. 3763, The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 ("Sarbanes-Oxley" or The Act). Having read the Act, I suspect that the great praise is unfounded. I intend to address three issues presented within the act. First, I will address stock options as considered (or neglected, as the case may be) by Sarbanes-Oxley. Second, I will address the creation of a Commission designed to oversee audits and corporate accounting practices, and the potential efficacy of this Commission....   [tags: essays research papers] 1464 words
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The Sarbane-Oxley Act (SOA) - INTRODUCTION "The Public Company Accounting Reform and Investor Protection Act" was signed into law by President Bush on July 30, 2002. The law is now known as The Sarbane-Oxley Act (SOA). The SOA has eleven titles within the act and numerous sections, pertaining to ethics, accounting, financial reporting, responsibilities of officers, whistleblower protection, and increased criminal penalties built upon prior securities laws. SOA is the most comprehensive securities legislation written since the 1940s....   [tags: Corporate Governance ]
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Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2004 - Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2004 The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 was signed into law on July 30, 2002 by President Bush. The new law came after major corporate scandals involving Enron, Arthur Anderson, WorldCom. Its goals are to protect investors by improving accuracy of and reliability of corporate disclosures and to restore investor confidence. The law is considered the most important change in securities and corporate law since the New Deal. The act is named after Senator Paul Sarbanes of Maryland and Representative Michael Oxley of Ohio (Wikipedia Online)....   [tags: Investment Investor Sarbanes Oxley Essays Papers]
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Ancher Public Trading - Ancher Public Trading TO:          Board of Directors FROM:     Learning Team A consultants DATE:          August 22, 2005 SUBJECT:      Sarbanes-Oxley recommendations As consultants for Ancher Public Trading (APT), Learning Team A would like to discuss the implications of the Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) legislation. This memorandum provides a brief history of SOX¡¦s creation, explains the relationship amongst the FASB, SEC and PCAOB, describes the pros and cons of SOX, assesses the impacts of SOX, and lists ethical considerations of SOX....   [tags: Business Management Memo Essays]
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Voice Over Internet Protocol - Voice Over Internet Protocol(Voip) VOICE OVER INTERNET PROTOCOL (VoIP) INTRODUCTION: In the eyes of most, all packets are created equal. One of the most active areas of telecommunications today is in the area of Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP). The logic behind this trend makes perfect sense. If we have invested heavily in an Internet Protocol (IP) network, why can’t we make full use of it. This is a question posed by many managers and Information Technology (IT) professionals in a wide range of businesses....   [tags: essays research papers] 2361 words
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Comparing Service Providers ISP vs ASP - Comparing Service Providers ISP vs ASP In today's society, technology is the wave of the future. With the invention of the Internet, the world seems to get smaller and smaller, minute-by-minute. When using the Internet, one must have a service provider to access any information that is out there on the information superhighway. The two service providers I will be explaining in this report are Internet Service Providers (better known as ISPs and Application Service Providers (better known as ASPs)....   [tags: Papers] 2059 words
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Managing People - Managing People The history of managing people has reflected prevailing beliefs and attitudes held in society about employees, the response of employers to public policy (for example, health and safety and employment legislation) and reactions to trade union growth. In the early stages of the Industrial Revolution, the extraordinary codes of discipline and fines imposed by factory owners were, in part, a response to the serious problem of imposing standards of discipline and regularity on an untrained workforce....   [tags: Papers] 4356 words
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Management Planning of Arthur Anderson - In this paper, the writer will evaluate the planning function of management within Arthur Andersen. Specifically, the paper will discuss at least one legal, ethical, and social responsibility issue that impacts Arthur Andersen. Additionally, this paper will analyze the impact these factors have on Arthur Andersen’s management planning. Finally, this paper will analyze at least three factors that influence Arthur Andersen’s strategic, tactical, operational, and contingency planning. The firm of Arthur Andersen LLP was founded in 1913 by Arthur Andersen and Clarence DeLany and named Andersen, DeLany & Co....   [tags: Business Analysis Planning Management] 1278 words
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Analysis Of Ethics In The Workplace - An Analysis of Ethics in the Workplace Introduction of ethics Ethics can be defined as "a domain unto itself, a set of concepts and principles that guide us in determining what behavior helps or harms sentient creatures" (Elder and Paul, 2003). In today's society, it is becoming natural to question the relevance of ethics. Contestants on reality television shows are rewarded with sums as large as $1,000,000 for activities such as lying, cheating, backstabbing and otherwise playing the game. In the midst of downsizing, mergers and acquisitions, is it fair to hold corporate America to a high set of standards as they attempt to merely stay alive....   [tags: Workplace Employee] 1148 words
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Basic Finance - Basic Finance The main purpose of studying finance is to gain an understanding of the financial performance of a company, corporation or industry. By looking at a company's financial performance, decisions can be made about many things by many different players. Corporations are rated by different agencies that examine financial records and potential for growth. Fitch ratings are a good example of this. My employer has an A++ Fitch rating. This high rating allows a non-profit company to borrow money at lower interest rates....   [tags: Business Finance Analysis] 878 words
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