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Volcanoes and Volcanology - Volcanoes can be one of the most destructive forces on Earth. It is estimated that some 500 million people live near active volcanoes (Lutgens and Tarbuck, 2013). Of the Earth's known volcanoes, 70 can be expected to erupt each year with at least one large eruption each decade (Lutgens & Tarbuck, 2013). As populations continue to increase and more people are attracted to the beauty surrounding these areas, the immediate threat to humans from these sometimes sleeping giants grows. Due to this, the study of volcanoes and the service that volcanologists provide to the public by way of information and predictions on activity is immeasurable....   [tags: destructive force, volcanic eruption]
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2115 words
(6 pages)
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Myths of Volcanoes - Myths and legends are everywhere. There are legends of people from long ago, myths of ancient Greeks. There are myths and legends of almost everything, including volcanoes. Myths of their creation, of why they erupt. Myths and legends of various gods controlling their own volcanoes. There is a story for almost every volcano. The amount of legends and myths concerning volcanoes is quite extensive, ranging from Hephaestus to Vulcan and everything in between. It's very interesting to know what people thought of volcanoes when the myths were made; myths about volcano are as captivating as other myths....   [tags: Myths] 991 words
(2.8 pages)
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Volcanoes - Volcanoes Volcanoes are natural phenomena which are on the Earth’s surface through which molten rock and gases escape from below the surface (Tarbuck, 139). These volcanoes are very interesting to observe and to study because of their amazing occurrences and majestic lava eruptions. Volcanoes have been studied ever since the beginning of mankind and the word “volcano” is thought to be derived from Vulcano, a volcanic island in the Aeolian Islands of Italy whose name in turn originates from Vulcan, the name of a god of fire in Roman mythology....   [tags: Natural Disasters ]
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1223 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Volcanoes that Killed the Dinosaurs - “...99.9 per cent of all [species] that have ever existed are now extinct.” (Benton 1) After one hundred and sixty million years of domination, the reign of the dinosaurs ended in fire and ice. Sixty five million years ago, the largest volcanoes in the history of the Earth erupted across what is now India, effectively annihilating the dinosaurs by spewing out noxious gas and ash, that effectively blocked out the sun killing off most vegetation and breaking the food chain, leaving the dinosaurs to starve....   [tags: eath history, dinosaurs ]
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1882 words
(5.4 pages)
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Hawaiian Volcanoes - I. Summary This paper will provide information on the volcanoes of Hawaii, where it is known to be the home of one of the world’s largest volcanic islands, merely second to Iceland. It is not just the beautiful landscapes and wildlife that spark the interest to this particular area, but the uniqueness of the Hawaiian volcanoes and islands themselves are what make the area so significant. There will be information spanning from the history of the origin of the islands to how Hawaii must adjust to the volcanic hazards in order to keep the area livable....   [tags: Geography ]
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2105 words
(6 pages)
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Volcanoes and Earth - VOLCANOES AND THE EARTH SYSTEM EFFECTS OF VOLCANIC GASES Most of the gases in the atmosphere originally come from the Earth's interior. Gases within magma are dissolved because of high pressures beneath the earth's surface, but reduced pressure at the surface allows dissolved gases to expand and escape. When a volcano erupts, gases such as sulfur dioxide, carbon dioxide, chlorine, argon, sulfur, carbon monoxide, fluorine, and water vapor escape into the atmosphere. Although many of the gases emitted during a volcanic eruption can be helpful to the earth, a lot of the gases can be disruptive to the earth system....   [tags: Geology] 929 words
(2.7 pages)
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Physics of Volcanoes - Volcanoes are one of natures most interesting and dangerous phenomenons. The way volcanoes operate can be understood, on a basic level, by just some simple physics and chemistry, this paper will investigate and explain some of the basic physics that govern the behavior of volcanoes. Magma is composed of three main components * viscous silicate melt * crystals * volatiles (gases) The way that these three components interact is one of the main focuses of petrologists and volcanologists....   [tags: physics volcano volcanic eruption]
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1064 words
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Types of Volcanoes Present on Earth - Types of Volcanoes Present on Earth Volcanoes get their name from the Greek word Vulcano. "To the ancient Greeks, Vulcano was Hiera Hephaistou…to the ancient Romans it was the home of the forges of Vulcan; to both Vulcano was the lair of the god of fire" (Bullard 1984). Since then the myths have all gone but the name Vulcano has remained as the symbol for all volcanoes. "A volcano is both the place and opening from which molten rock, solid rock or gas issues from a planetary interior" (Scarth 1994)....   [tags: Papers] 882 words
(2.5 pages)
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Volcanoes - Volcanoes Volcanoes are holes or vents in the Earth’s crust, created when molten hot magma under the crust of the Earth is forced upward to the surface. Magma collects in a chamber beneath the crust, pressure builds up and forces it up through cracks or fissure and a conduit to the surface is created. Hot gases try to escape but are trapped in the magma. The surface of the Earth begins to bulge until the pressure can no longer be contained....   [tags: Papers] 373 words
(1.1 pages)
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Volcanoes - Volcanoes Volcanoes are one of the most destructive yet fascinating geological land forms in our natural environment. They consist of a fissure in the earth's crust above which a cone of volcanic material has accumulated. The cone is formed by the deposition of molten or solid matter that flows from the interior of the earth through an indented vent, called a crater, which is found at the top of the cone. In this report I will discuss different states of volcanic activity, different forms of volcanoes and their properties and locations....   [tags: Papers] 508 words
(1.5 pages)
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Volcanoes - Volcanoes Distribution Volcanoes can be described as being tectonic hazards that occur in many parts of the world. The distribution of volcanoes is closely linked with the positioning of the tectonic plate boundaries across the globe. Today there are about 500 active volcanoes in the world. The world map of volcanoes in your atlas shows that the most volcanic activity occurs along the West coasts of North and South America, (along the Rockies and Andes) and the coasts of many Far East countries (in areas like Japan, China etc)....   [tags: Papers] 3854 words
(11 pages)
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Volcanoes - Volcanoes This paper will define and discuss the volcano to include: types of volcanoes, formation of a volcano, and elements of a volcano; such as, lava, rock fragments, and gas. This paper also tells a little bit about volcanic activity in different parts of the world. What is a volcano. A volcano is a vent in the earth from which molten rock and gas erupt. The molten rock that erupts from the volcano forms a hill or mountain around the vent. The lava may flow out as a viscous liquid or it may explode from the vent as solid or liquid particles....   [tags: Volcano Nature Lava Eruption Essays]
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1361 words
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Volcanoes - A Look Into Volcanoes I. Introduction Volcano: defined is a mountain or hill formed by the accumulation of materials erupted through one or more openings (called volcanic vents) in the earth's surface. The term volcano can also refer to the vents themselves. Most volcanoes have steep sides, but some can be gently sloping mountains or even flat tablelands, plateaus, or plains. The volcanoes above sea level are the best known, but the vast majority of the world's volcanoes lie beneath the sea, formed along the global oceanic ridge systems that crisscross the deep ocean floor....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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2221 words
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Volcanoes - Affects of Volcanoes The plates which are about 20 miles thick, make up the earth's crust and are a chief cause of volcanic activity. These plates are always in motion. They move very slowly, however some at times bump in to each other. These movements put a lot of pressure on the surface rock. Volcanoes obtain their energies from such movement and pressure. Volcanoes form at the boundaries of these plate where two types of movement occurs, two plates will collide with each other or the plates will move apart from each other....   [tags: essays research papers] 883 words
(2.5 pages)
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Volcanoes and Climate Change - Missing Graphics Volcanoes and Climate Change Introduction: Since the beginning of time, volcanoes have been wreaking havoc on the world, as we know it. Yet in the more recent times, there has been a great amount of debate regarding the effect of volcanic eruptions on world climate change. In this report, the effects of these volcanoes will be explored, particularly in regards to cooling and the depletion of the ozone. Table of Contents: Introduction General Information on Volcanoes Effect of Volcanoes on Cooling Effect of Volcanoes on Ozone Depletion Specific Volcanic Eruptions and their Effects Debate over Connection between Volcanoes and Global...   [tags: Geology Global Warming]
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1100 words
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Super Volcanoes - Super Volcanoes There is no exact definition for a super volcano, but the expression is often used to refer to volcanoes that have produced extraordinarily large eruptions in the past. When one of these large eruptions occurs, a huge amount of material is blasted out of the super volcano, leaving a massive crater or caldera. A caldera can be as much as forty or fifty miles wide. At Yellowstone, the caldera is so big that it includes a fair amount of the entire park. In effect, it is so big that at first scientists didn't see the state a caldera had until it was photographed from space....   [tags: Papers] 747 words
(2.1 pages)
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The Devastation a Volcano Can Create Shown in In a Volcanoes Path - The Devastation a Volcano Can Create Shown in In a Volcanoes Path The film "In a Volcanoes Path," was a good depiction of the devastation that a volcano can create. The movie also made me understand the importance of volcanologists. In studying the volcanoes maybe we can predict the next eruptions and therefore save many lives. On January 3, 1983 the most active volcano, Kileaua, that lives in Kalapana erupted in a big way. Lava was shot 1500 feet into the air releasing 100,000 gallons per minute and taking up 400,000 cubic yards each day....   [tags: Papers] 946 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Hazards of Volcanic Eruptions - The relevance of time and location can play a huge role towards the levels of hazards and consequences that occur when related to a volcanic eruption. Within this essay I will consider all contributory factors that may influence the processes which take place. Contrasting several volcanoes with specific differences, in both LEDC’s and MEDC’s will give a vivid and overall representation of the variation involved in volcanic processes. A hazard can best be defined as a 'situation that poses a level of threat to life, health, property or the environment.' The overall impact of volcanoes as a natural hazard varies greatly from one place and timeframe to another....   [tags: volcanoes, natural disasters, ] 1609 words
(4.6 pages)
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Science of Volcanic Activity Prediction - Science of Volcanic Activity Prediction Since the dawn of history, volcanoes have been an awe inspiring feature of the earth that has frightened and intrigued mankind. Volcanoes have taken the lives of over 250,000 people in the last three hundred years and changed the lives of millions of others, but up until recently humans have had very little understanding of the volcanic processes that presage an eruption. The advent and implementation of new technologies and scientific methods has allowed us to begin to comprehend the inner workings of one of nature's most powerful forces....   [tags: Nature Volcanoe Volcanoes Papers]
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2708 words
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An Article, a Short Story, and a Poem - An Article, a Short Story, and a Poem This paper will analyze and compare an article, a short story, and a poem according to; audience, purpose, context, ethics, and stance. The article “Under the Volcano” is written by Jack McClintock and is the most informative. The persuasion to have people move away from the danger area of Mt. Rainier is very subtle. The article lists volcanoes that have erupted and when they did so. Throughout the article there are pictures of volcanoes and the corresponding text shows what is being done to monitor them....   [tags: Writing Literature Volcanoes Essays]
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1578 words
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Mono Basin Volcanism - Mono Basin Volcanism The last basin in the Basin and Range before the Sierra Nevada Mountain range is the Mono Basin. The Mono Basin consists of landforms such as the Mono-Inyo Craters, Black Point, Negit Island, Paoha Island, Mono Lake, Devils Punch Bowl, Panum Crater, and some others (Hamburger et al; 2004). All of these landforms were created by volcanism. Actually, the Mono Basin is in one of the most volcanically active places in the world (Forest Service; 2004). Paoha Island, Negit Island, and Panum Crater are the most recent volcanoes to erupt, which are the furthest north in the basin....   [tags: Geology Volcanoes Volcano Papers]
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1799 words
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Mount St. Helens - Mount St. Helens Mount St. Helens is an active stratovalcano in Skamania County, Washington, in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It is located 96 miles south of Seattle and 53 miles northeast of Portland, Oregon. The mountain is part of the Cascade Range. It is most famous for a catastrophic eruption on May 18, 1980. That eruption was the most deadly and economically destructive volcanic eruption in the history of the United States. 57 people were killed, and 200 homes, 47 bridges, 15 miles (24 km) of railways and 185 miles (300 km) of highway were destroyed....   [tags: Nature Volcanoes Eruptions Essays] 689 words
(2 pages)
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Mt. Rainier - Mt. Rainier The first time I saw Mt. Rainier for myself, was last summer when my boyfriend and I drove to Washington. It was the most beautiful, peaceful looking mountain I have ever seen. However, underneath it's great beauty, it hides a deadly secret. Mt. Rainier is one of the most dangerous volcanoes that we have here in the United States. One of the reasons it is so dangerous is because of it's great beauty. People enjoy looking at it, and the area that surrounds it, so they have made their homes here....   [tags: Internet Web Volcanoes Essays]
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Methods of dating Basaltic rocks - ... This radioactive isotope is known as Potassium-40 which undergoes radioactive decay to form more a more stable Argon-40(Micheal.A.S, 1991). The age of a rock can then be determined by chemical analysis of the amount of Potassium-40 present and the amount of Argon-40 present. Adding these two values gives the original quantity of Potassium-40. Using this value the age of the rock can be determined mathematically on the basis of the half-life of Potassium-40(how many years it takes for the amount of Potassium-40 to halve in quantity)....   [tags: mafic rocks, volcanoes ]
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1630 words
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hazards of volcanos - Volcanoe's Parts Sill Flank Summit Dike Conduit Resevoir Vent Throat Crater Base Lava Hazards Gas - Sulfur Dioxide gas creates air pollution that irritates skin, nose, throat, and eyes - Carbon Dioxide is so concentrated that it kills animals and humans - Acid rain that some times takes the form of Hydrochloric acid Lahars - hot or cold mixture of water and rock fragments, often resembles a flow of concrete - hundreds of meters wide, tens of meters de...   [tags: essays research papers] 369 words
(1.1 pages)
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The Geological Event of Volcanic Eruptions and the Disasters they Cause - The Geological Event of Volcanic Eruptions and the Disasters they Cause In this report I plan to discuss the geological event of volcanic eruptions and the disasters they cause. To me, this is a fascinating topic and timely seeing how the 19th anniversary of the eruption of Mt. St. Helens is upon us. I hope to inform people of the mass destruction that is caused by the eruption of a volcano. The scope of my report will be limited to: 1) describing what comes out of a volcano, 2) explaining the seven different types of volcanoes, 3) explaining the five types of volcanic eruptions, and 4) explaining the disasters they can cause people....   [tags: Papers] 2029 words
(5.8 pages)
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Mt.Vesuvius and its 79 AD Eruption - Volcano: A hill or mountain formed around and above a vent by accumulations of erupted materials, such as ash, pumice, cinders or lava-flow. The term refers both to the vent itself and to the often cone-shaped accumulation above it. (Scarth, 1994.) This definition can do Mt. Vesuvius no justice. Instead, I would describe it as one of the most hellish and population decimating volcanoes. Vesuvius lives…or lived. In its prime, Vesuvius covered and demolished two of Italy’s biggest cultural and artistic cities of its time....   [tags: essays research papers] 1667 words
(4.8 pages)
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Mauna Loa: The Fiery Mountain - Mauna Loa: The Fiery Mountain Mauna Loa is Earth’s largest volcano and most massive mountain as it takes up nearly half of the flourishing landscape of the island of Hawai’i. This island is actually made up of five volcanoes, Kohala, Mauna Kea, Hualalai, Mauna Loa, and Kilauea, all in such close proximity that they fused together to form one whole island. Mauna Loa is located in the south central area of Hawai’i, in the Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park and its coordinates are 19°5' N, 155°6' W. It is 13,680 ft above sea level, but if one measures from its true base on the ocean floor, it is estimated to be 30,080 feet tall....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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1326 words
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The 1815 Eruption of Mount Tambora - Mount Tambora, located on the Island of Sumbawa, Indonesia is classified as a Stratovolcano. Also known as a composite volcano, Tambora is a tall conical volcano (cone like structure) where layers of the walls are built by hardened lava and volcanic ash. The term composite is used to describe the volcano due to the composite layered structure built from sequential outpourings of eruptive materials1. Among the most common types of volcanoes, Tambora also shares its destructive prowess with best-known volcanoes such as Krakota (1883) and Vesuvius (79 A.D)....   [tags: Plate Tectonics ] 2292 words
(6.5 pages)
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Investigating Plate Margins - Investigating Plate Margins Plate margins are the edges of the plates, where all the power of nature is released in earthquakes and volcanoes. There are three main types of plate margins: - Spreading Boundaries There are two types of spreading boundary Ridges, where new rock is formed, pushing the plates apart, and Rift, where the plates pull apart, and the earth between them sinks. On the ocean floor the plates are spreading. All along the mid ocean ridge, volcanic activity is pouring new lava out onto the seabed....   [tags: Papers] 1104 words
(3.2 pages)
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Hawaii Weather: Peculiarities and Hazards - As a popular vacation destination, the Hawaiian islands are well known for their predictable and relatively mild weather year round. However, there are wide variations in the weather depending on the exact location in the island chain. Also, there are some unique hazards to aviation operations caused by Hawaii’s location and geography that one must become acquainted with before operating an aircraft in the 50th state. One can encounter trade winds and their associated weather, temperature inversions and their effects, volcanic eruptions, high winds, heavy rain, and tropical cyclones....   [tags: Geography ]
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1324 words
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Population and Natural Disasters - Population and Natural Disasters Question: Is it wise for towns near Mount Shasta to keep growing. What should be done about this situation. (Pg. 179, Natural Disasters, 2nd edition) Volcanoes are a nuisance and a help mankind. As dramatically demonstrated by the catastrophic eruption of Mount St. Helens on May 1980 and of Pinatubo in June 1991, volcanoes can wreak havoc and devastation in the short term. This devastation is so short term that large populations begin to amass around sizeable volcanoes such as Mount Shasta....   [tags: Papers] 441 words
(1.3 pages)
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Kilauea and the Volcanism of the Hawaiian Islands - Kilauea is in the Hawaiian island chain, one of several dome volcanoes that form the big island of Hawaii. The unique feature of the islands stands in contrast to what we know about global plate tectonic theory and volcanoes that have formed around the ring of fire in the Pacific Ocean. Kilauea and the Hawaiian volcanic chain are driven by a geologic hot spot that is located in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. Thomas Jager was one of the pioneer researchers of Hawaiian volcanism and opened the way for the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory established in 1912....   [tags: Geology ]
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1663 words
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The Effects and Causes of Volcanic Activity - ... One of the greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide (CO2) is a major contributor to climate change. Along with other gases, it traps heat radiated off the Earth’s surface and insulates it around the planet, causing the greenhouse effect (Harpp, 2002). Today, our atmosphere contains 42% more CO2 than it did at the start of the industrial era (davidsuzuki.org). The increase of CO2 has primarily been caused by the burning of fossil fuels and other forms of human activity, such as deforestation and intensive agriculture....   [tags: lava, magma, volcanic eruptions, climate change]
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Katmai National Park Research Essay - ... By the end of the Mesozoic era, about 66 million years ago, a thick level of clastic and volcanic sediment had accumulated, making up the Aleutian Range. In the early to middle Jurassic Period, more than 15,000 feet of sediment was deposited. This signified that potentially an oceanic trench had once been there. Uplifting, erosion, and volcanic debris to the northwest also signified that there had been an island arc. Dinosaur and plant fossils are abundant in the rock layers formed during this time period....   [tags: alaska, Mount Katmai and Novarupta]
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Volcanic Eruptions and Global Climate Change - Volcanic Eruptions and Global Climate Change Abstract There has been much debate in recent decades over how much volcanic eruptions contribute to global climate change, the destruction of the ozone layer, and global warming. This electronic term paper deals with various sides of this debate. There will be a specific focus on the great nineteenth century eruptions of Tambora and Krakatoa. Table of Contents Introduction The Effects of Volcanoes on the Earth Systems in General The 18-- Eruption of Tambora and its Effects on the Earth Systems The 1883 Eruption of Krakatoa and its Effects on the Earth Systems Why Some Scientists are Saying that Volcanoes Do Not Have a Great Effect on Global...   [tags: Geology Global Warming]
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The Land of the Rising Sun: Japan - The Land of the Rising Sun, Japan, is an island located in the Pacific Ring of Fire. Surrounded by water, this archipelago is nearly 71% mountainous. The climate of Japan is fairly consistent creating a long growing season. Because of these specific geographic features, Japan’s culture has been impacted greatly. One of the largest sources of protein, for the Japanese, is fish. This source of protein is gained through the help of specific geographic features. As well as their diet, their source of relaxation and tranquility is made possible....   [tags: Land of the Rising Sun, Japan, geography, ] 664 words
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Yellowstone National Park and the Comming Super Eruption - Earth has physically changed millions of times due to moving tectonic plates which has formed our planets mountains; altering the way our environment looks. Volcanoes, (formed when magma from the upper mantle heads to the surface, causing the land to rise) are one of nature’s finest spectacles. These geographical forces have erupted many times; from small-scale eruptions to cataclysmic ones; making them a force to consider about. Therefore the past is useful in predicting possible future eruptions as in terms of the effects they can have on civilisation, they are unpredictable in what they can produce....   [tags: super volcano]
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Science Astronomy Essay: Moons of Jupiter - ... Each is there own world. Not only have that, each of the four largest moons had their own distinctive features. Io is the most volcanically active in the solar system. Io’s surface is covered in sulfur, and is in different colorful forms. Based on data from computer models, Io was formed in a region around Jupiter where there was plenty of water ice. There was enough heat in Io, and because there was also water, life could’ve been possible on Io. Io is about 4.5 billion years old, which is near the same age as Jupiter....   [tags: Galileo Galilei, History, Astronomy, Moons]
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The Mauna Loa Volcano - The Mauna Loa Volcano The Mauna Loa volcano is located in Hawaii and means "Long Mountain" in Hawaiian. It is a giant, basaltic shield volcano. It is one of the largest volcanoes and mountains in the world and has been called the "monarch of mountains". It has an estimated volume of 9,600 cubic miles and takes up half the land of Hawaii. It extends about 120 km starting from the southern tip of the island to the northern region. It is 97 km (60 miles) long, 48 km (30 miles) wide, and is 8,742 km (28,680 miles) high from the base on the sea floor to the top....   [tags: Papers] 613 words
(1.8 pages)
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Mount Etna in Italy - 1.0 Topic Definition Volcanic Eruption, which means the sudden occurrence of a violent discharge of steam and volcanic material, is one of the catastrophes in human history. It can devastate enormous areas, as well as people. The eruption of the Vesuvius in AD 79 buried the cities of Herculaneum, Pompeii and Stabiae with ashes and mud. (Oracle think quest) The majority of ancient volcanoes, like Mt. Vesuvius in Italy and Mt. Tambora in Indonesia are all dormant volcanoes now. However, Mt. Etna, which have been erupting for millions of years, still remaining active now....   [tags: Geography ]
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Volcanic Emissions and Global Cooling - Volcanic Emissions As volcanoes erupt, they blast huge clouds into the atmosphere. These clouds are made up of particles and gases that were previously trapped in the geosphere, including sulfur dioxide, carbon dioxide, chlorine, argon, carbon monoxide, and water vapor. Millions of tons of harmful sulfur dioxide and carbon dioxide gas can reach the stratosphere from a major volcano. While all these gases play a small part in volcanic-induced climate change, carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide are by far the largest contributors to global cooling....   [tags: Global Warming Climate Change]
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Bums - Bums are cool dfsjhfajks hthalksjhaf jkshf sldjfhajeklrh tja hsjdfhajrhl jhsdfjashjhwreuisdhjcsbdr awejfhsadhr wsfhfajrej fsudyfjweb hcvszlhjwerhf jsnf Viewing an erupting volcano is a memorable experience; one that has inspired fear, superstition, worship, curiosity, and fascination throughout the history of mankind. The active Hawaiian volcanoes have received special attention worldwide because of their frequent spectacular eruptions, which can be viewed and studied with a relative ease and safety....   [tags: essays research papers] 1348 words
(3.9 pages)
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The Origin of Eukaryotic Cells - The Origin of Eukaryotic Cells In the beginning of the creation of Earth volcanoes erupted all over the planet. During this period there was a time where a brief cooling period was allowed to take place. When this period took place evaporation caused a downpour of rain which flooded the ocean creating the ocean. At the time that ocean was averaged at 3,000 degrees Fahrenheit. Around this same time an asteroid so powerful hit the Earth knocking off a large chunk of it. This chunk became the moon which at the time was twice as close as it is today....   [tags: Papers] 328 words
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Utopian Hill Resort - Utopian Hill Resort The safety of the guests is among the most important factors that determine the quality and hospitality of a high class hotel. At Utopian Hill Resort, your safety is our top priority and we ensure the most advanced equipment for your safety. Utopian Hill features a top of the line surveillance system, police force, hospital clinic, and fire fighting system. It also has equipment to survive any threat from natural disasters. Surveillance is the most important aspect of security....   [tags: Resorts Hotels Travel Vacations Essays] 1351 words
(3.9 pages)
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Mars, The Red Planet - Mars, it’s where aliens come from, a Hollywood Sci-Fi mainstay, the mysterious red planet. But, what is Mars really. Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun, orbiting 227,940,000 km away. It’s diameter of 6,794 km and mass of 6.4219e23 kg, makes it the seventh largest planet in our solar system.      Mars, which is the Greek name for the god of War, probably got this name due to it’s red color, and is often referred to as the red planet. What makes Mars look red. Mars’ atmosphere is mostly carbon dioxide, which oxidizes iron on the planet’s surface to create rust....   [tags: essays research papers] 580 words
(1.7 pages)
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Global Warming is a Fact, Not a Theory - When many people think about their future, usually they are only considering things that will effect or benefit their personal lives. Things such as the city that they will live or if they will have the same job five years down the road. Few people think about what may be going on in the environment around them. Global warming, also known as the greenhouse effect, is a rise in the entire temperature of the earth’s atmosphere. It has been receiving a lot of attention from scientists in the past few years....   [tags: Global Warming Essay]
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Indonesia: A Country Study and Development - ... Although Indonesia has high mountains to help protect its country, they also have had territorial disputes with its neighboring countries such as Timor-Leste, Malaysia, and New Guinea (Fredrick &Worden, 1993). Also, they have had disputes with Australia over rights to the continental shelf-off of the coast of Timor, this issue was resolved in 1991 with a bilateral agreement calling for joint exploitation of the disputed area (Fredrick &Worden, 1993). Other disputes over territory consisted of a dispute with Irain Jaya and New Guniea, which was overflight rights and conflicting claims to the Spratly Island in the South China Sea with Brunei, China, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, and...   [tags: archipelagoes, kapuas river, new guinea]
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Earthquake and Volcanic Hazards in the Caribbean - Earthquake and Volcanic Hazards in the Caribbean If one took this statement to mean in recent times, it would not be fair to make such a statement as Caribbean people have not had to deal with earthquake hazards as they have the volcanic hazards; and one can’t say they find it difficult to respond to the earthquake hazards. The five major natural hazards that threaten the Caribbean are hurricanes, floods, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and tsunamis, with earthquakes being the least common, especially in modern times....   [tags: Papers] 796 words
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Greek Mythology: Then and Now - "A myth is a collective term denoting a symbolic narrative in religion, as distinguished from symbolic behavior (cult, ritual) and symbolic places or objects (temples, icons)". (The New Encyclopedia Britannica. Vol. 24)Mythology is a collection of myths meant to explain the universe. Mythological stories were told in many different cultures and civilizations. The existence of myths is known in every society. Many different myths were conceived to explain occurrences that happened in nature. One of these natural occurrences is the solar eclipse....   [tags: Mythology]
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What Really Killed the Dinosaurs? - Dinosaur stress: Stress on the dinosaurs is a possible solution for their extinction. This theory was first thought up by Heinrch K. Erben when he found that the shell thickness of a certain type of dinosaur species decreased as time went on. It was thought that the warm climate and good habitats in the Cretaceous period could have caused over population of dinosaurs, thus an increase of stress on the dinosaurs would develop. Stress is known to cause hormonal imbalances in modern day birds and lizards, so this could have happened to female dinosaurs....   [tags: Animal Research ]
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The Range of Physical Phenomena that are Associated with Volcanic Hazards - The Range of Physical Phenomena that are Associated with Volcanic Hazards Volcanic eruptions bring with them a large range of hazards. This report will describe the different range of hazards associated with volcanic activity and discus possible ways that hazards can be avoided. A volcanic eruption can, force people to leave their homes, damage sources of water, destroy homes and farms, restrict travel and kill. Pyroclastic flow is a flow of volcanic rock, and the most devastating effect of an explosive eruption....   [tags: Papers] 816 words
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Venus - In many ways Venus is found to be similar to Earth. However their similarities do not extend further than their physical properties, for instance, their atmospheres differ greatly from each other. Venus is said to have atmospheric pressure of 92.1 barometers (Adams, D. Et al., 1994 p.126) which it is evidently 92 times greater than Earth’s that is 1.01 barometers (Adams, D. Et al., 1994 p.126) at sea-level. In spite of this comparison to Earth’s atmospheric pressure, Venus owns an out of the ordinary atmospheric composition....   [tags: Solar System, Planets, Venus] 1639 words
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Japan: An Island Country - ... This means the water level will increase and decrease rapidly. When comparing Japan’s river regime coefficient (ratio of maximum discharge to minimum discharge) of ranges 200-400 to continental rivers, it is 10 times as much (MLIT Japan). The longest river in Japan is the Shinano River, at 367 kilometer, which flows from the Chubu mountain region through Niigata Prefecture and then to the Sea of Japan. The second longest river is the Tone River that flows through the Kanto Plain to the Pacific Ocean....   [tags: geography, eastern asia, china]
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Reasons why New Zealand is a Dangerous Place to Live - Reasons why New Zealand is a Dangerous Place to Live New Zealand is located in the southwest of the Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia. This beautiful country has many high lands, huge rivers and mountains, which are steep, very jagged and glaciated. There is plenty of ash over the North Island resulting from volcanic eruptions. What makes this amazing country so dangerous is that so many natural hazards exist here. New Zealand situated right through the ring of fire. This is a zone where frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions happen....   [tags: Free Essays] 420 words
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The Role of the Knowledge of Plate Tectonics - The Role of the Knowledge of Plate Tectonics Plate tectonics helps us to understand three main things; the distribution of the worlds major landforms, where natural hazards such as volcanoes and earthquakes can strike, and the distribution of minerals and energy supplies. There are at seven main plates composed of the narrow crust that forms the outer shell or limosphere of the Earth. All of these plates are in continuous motion moving in different directions. This is continental drift and can be proven by fossil evidence, structure of continents and climatic change....   [tags: Papers] 1210 words
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Analyzing the Knowledge of Plate Tectonics - Analyzing the Knowledge of Plate Tectonics In order to manage anything successfully you need to have some sort of basic knowledge about what you are managing, otherwise you may be doing more harm than good because something seems the right thing to do without any basis in fact or visual evidence. If you know why something happens it will be easier to predict future plate tectonic movement by looking for the signs of an approaching earthquake or volcanic eruption and so minimizing the danger by taking the actions necessary because so far it is impossible to stop them and if it were the earth would not be able to release its underground pressure and shake itself...   [tags: Papers] 592 words
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Great Star: Manila - Located on the Northern-most island of Luzon in the Philippines, Manila has become a bustling mega-city and is the long-standing capital of the island. Beginning as no more than an archipelago with ancient native tribes inhabiting the island, the city of Manila grew fiercely and rapidly advancing along with the other powers of the world. From cross-cultural connections in Manila, the Philippines would grow to be fusion of its own native culture and those of outside entities. From pre-colonial times to the present Manila has played a central role in the politics, religion, commerce, and culture of the Philippines, making it one of the richest cities in terms of history....   [tags: Luzon, Philippines]
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History as a Science - History as a Science Before the question of whether history is a science can be answered, one needs to know exactly what a science is; it's definition. When we imagine science, most of us will immediately think of experimentation, with test tubes boiling, or mechanical objects spinning around. Although this is true, this is not all there is to science. Science is a methodical discipline of studying the phenomena of the universe and recording, measuring and analysing the data. Perhaps even producing theories before experimentation, or if experimentation is not possible....   [tags: Papers] 881 words
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Plate Tectonics Theories Analysis - Plate Tectonics Theories Analysis Since the beginning of human kind there has been a cloud of wonder regarding the natural processes and patterns of our planet. Scientist interested in this field through out the years, have developed many different theories to how our planet geological features have come about. The most widely accepted theory in this field is that of plate tectonics. For those who do not know much about the theory of plate tectonics; it states that there are twenty plates that cover most of the Earth's surface area....   [tags: Papers] 843 words
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Mars - Mars is the fourth planet from the sun at about 228 million-km (141 million miles) and the last terrestrial planet from the sun. The next five planets in order from the sun are gaseous. Mars follows closely behind Earth but is comparatively smaller, with about half the diameter of Earth and about one-tenth of Earth’s mass. Thus the force of gravity on Mars is about one-third of that on Earth. Though it is much smaller, Mars does have the same surface land area as Earth. Other than Earth, Mars posses the most highly varied and interesting known terrain in our solar system....   [tags: essays research papers] 1047 words
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Lassen Volcanic National Park and the Negative Influences from Outside Sources - Lassen Volcanic National Park is often overlooked by tourists because its proximity to the Famous Yosemite which lies close by. Located in Northeastern California, Lassen Volcanic National Park is primarily known for its numerous hydrothermal features. Lassen Peak is the highest elevation point in the park and was formed around 30,000 years ago when Tehama’s Northern flank formed a dome before a large eruption (National Parks Conservation Association, 2009). Beautiful features blooming within the park are degraded by adjacent land surrounding the park which is used for logging, grazing, and off-roading....   [tags: Human Modifications, Global Warming]
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Global Warming: All Cities Covered with Water - Imagine a world where almost all of the major cities are covered by water, and alternating droughts led to water storages, malnutrition and an mass animal extinction. Often, people define "Global Warming" as a change in climate directly or indirectly attributable to human activities altering the atmospheric composition. The climate has always changed. The problem is that in the last century the pace of these changes has accelerated abnormally, to such a degree that they affect planetary life. A closer look at Global Warming will include the controversy surrounding this topic, what cause Global Warming, the actual environmental changes and human attempts to slow it....   [tags: Climate Change, Argumentative Essay]
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What Really Happened to the Dinosaurs? - During the course of history, two theories have evolved that explain what happened to the dinosaurs.  These two theories have been debated back and forth between evolutionists and religious followers.  Evolutionists believe that dinosaurs became the most powerful beings on Earth around 235 million years ago.  They believe that no humans existed at the time.  Evolutionist views also say that all the dinosaurs were killed by a cataclysmic event.  On the other hand, the Bible says that God created the dinosaurs on the same day that he created Adam and Eve (Ham, 2007)....   [tags: Evolutionists, Biblical Views, Dinosaurs]
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Geology of the Galapagos Islands - INTRODUCTION In 1835 Charles Darwin, aboard the vessel HMS Beagle, first set foot on the Islands of the Galapagos Archipeligo setting off on what would become the inspiration for the most important innovation in biological sciences either before or since. That visit solidified for Darwin his notion of the evolution of life on Earth, and helped trigger his breakthrough regarding Natural Selection, ultimately culminating in his groundbreaking masterpiece On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection....   [tags: Geology ]
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A Hawaiian Vacation Through dealresults.com - Do you want to see the world for little money. Dealsresults.com offers top-quality vacation packages. At dealsresults you can browse and confirm cruises, flights, hotels, vacation homes or packages. The website is awesome as here you can find the best price unlike sites like Expedia and Orbitz, which do not carry much data on what to look for at travel destinations. Our research here at dealsresults reveals that 68% of our customers think the Hawaiian Islands as the destination for a perfect vacation....   [tags: marketing] 974 words
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Japan and The Jomon Culture - ... Just alone in Tokyo there is 36 million people living the mega city. Of the ethnic groups in Japan, 98.5% are Japanese, 0.5% are Koreans, 0.4% are Chinese, and the other 0.6% are a variety of ethnic groups. The main language is Japanese, having a literacy rate of 99%, ranking among the highest for education. Health is a major aspect in Japanese life style, as there obesity rate is less than 5%, and the HIV/AIDS pandemic is present in 8,100 citizens. Most women have their first child around the age of 30, having a life expectancy of 84 years....   [tags: megacity, tokio, jomom]
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Geography: The Republic of Indonesia - ... Indonesia has a republic based government. This provides a separation of executive, legislative, and judicial power. In 1998, former President Suharto resigned, and since then important reconstitution has occurred. The Habibie government established political reform legislation that formerly set up new rules for the electoral system as well as the House of Representatives, the People’s rules for the electoral system, the People’s Consultative Assembly, and political parties all while ensuring the Indonesian constitution of 1945 remain the same....   [tags: population, economym government]
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Jordan craters - The Jordan Craters volcanic field is located on the Owyhee-Oregon Plateau at the southeastern end of a series of young basalt fields extending from near Bend, Oregon, through Diamond Craters in south-central Oregon (Volcanoes of the World). The Jordan Craters field is limited to the northern most and youngest portion of a larger (250 square kilometers) Quaternary alkaline basalt field. There are three major vent areas aligned north to south along surficial and inferred expressions of the regional Basin and Range faulting (Hart, W.K., and Mertzmann, S.A.)....   [tags: essays research papers] 385 words
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A History of Japan - Japans history dates back almost 53,000 years and is filled with interesting and fascinating events. Most of Japans actions have left the major world powers in the world stunned. The base of this amazing country is astonishing just by itself. The base is a bunch of active and large under water volcanoes. Japans uniqueness from the rest of the world ranges from its culture to its very interesting history to the change in government every few hundred years and their trading dilemma with petroleum and their assortment of fish that they export....   [tags: Japn, history, ] 1458 words
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The Global Warming Controversy - The globe is being rocked by extreme weather and the hottest temperatures on record. As the average global temperature soars, there are floods, droughts, unusually cold winters, forest fires, and huge storms. Are all of these horrors being caused by human-induced global warming. The source of global warming is a very controversial topic. Some scientists think that global warming is a natural part of the Earth’s cycle because the Earth has always had natural heating and cooling cycles. Other scientists believe that global warming is caused by humans dut to the greenhouse effect....   [tags: Climate Change, Air Pollution]
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Physical Landscape of Ethiopia - Ethiopia is located in the Eastern region of Africa. According to the Embassy of Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ethiopia lies between the geographical coordinates of 3’ and 14. 8’ latitude and 33’and 48’ longitude. Ethiopia encompasses a majority of the area known as the Horn of Africa. The CIA World Factbook states that Ethiopia is approximately 1,104,300 square kilometers (686,180 miles). To give a better perspective of the sheer size of this country, it is about twice the size of the state of Texas....   [tags: Country, Africa, Geography]
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The Exploration of Mars - For decades, humans have wanted to see more of the planet we call Mars, the red planet. There have been many successful attempts to get a glimpse of the interesting planet, and scientists are still working on a better solution to get there. The first rover to explore Mars was "Mariner 4", which arrived on November 28, 1964. It was a spacecraft designated to orbit the planet of Mars, but not to land. It lasted for about 8 months, and was not able to survive much longer than that due to the conditions on and around Mars....   [tags: Mars Rover Design]
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Guatemala Earthquake of 1976 - ... These weather trends can be seen in the figures below. As an aside, an interesting point to mention is that there was a climate shift that had occurred in 1976. Recall that Guatemala borders the Pacific Ocean. It was reported that the “Great Pacific Climate Shift” occurred at the start of 1976, and is a widely renowned event in history. The root of the climate shift is unclear, however the changes are very evident. There was a massive decrease in deep water upwelling, and this had a significant role in changing water temperatures (Mclean, 2007)....   [tags: Guatemala Earthquake Report]
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The Work and Life of Alfred Wegener - The Work and Life of Alfred Wegener Alfred Wegener was born on November 1st 1880, he studied the natural sciences at the University of Berlinreceiving a PhD in astronomy, graduating in 1904. As well as this qualification Wegener was knowledgeable in the areas of in geophysics and the newly developing fields of meteorology and climatology. He already played an active role in pioneering the scientific world in such things as the use of balloons to track air circulation, joining a trek to Greenland to study polar air circulation in 1906....   [tags: Papers] 593 words
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Unity and Diversity of Indonesia - Unity and Diversity of Indonesia From "Sabang ‘till Merauke" is the name of a song dedicated to Indonesia’s many islands and it’s diversity. It’s numerous chain of islands contained in the thirty-two thousand miles dividing two oceans, the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean. Sabang is a small island just off the coast of Sumatra; Merauke is a small village near the border of Papua New Guinea. Indonesia’s 13,677 islands inhabited by 350 different ethnic groups, and more than 200 different languages....   [tags: Conflict History Bond Papers]
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The History of the Earth - The History of the Earth History has shown that the Earth's surface can change, and just as fast, as our lives can change with it. In an instant our planet can be violent and out of control creating and destroying life and land. There is not a single day that the earth goes silently without effecting lives in a positive or negative way. The rich ash from a volcano can produce mass crops for a farmer, but in most cases it leads to mass clean up for an entire culture. Humankind has a natural instinct to adapt to our environment, and that's just what we do in every case where Earth has left us no choice....   [tags: Papers] 557 words
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Historical Geology of The Permian Basin in West Texas - One of the largest oil producing areas of the world is located in West Texas. This area is known as the Permian Basin. Most of the oil is being produced from rocks formed in the Permian Period. The largest amounts of these rocks are located in the Permian Basin and southeastern New Mexico. That is why this area is known as the Permian Basin. The main features of the Permian Basin was formed in the early part of the Paleozoic area but it wasn't until the Mississippian and Pennsylvanian Periods that the folding occurred in which formed the outlines of the basin as it is presented to us today....   [tags: Papers] 491 words
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Orting, Washington - The town of Orting is built in the valley of Mount Rainer in western Washington. Located 30 miles from the volcano, Orting is built upon deposits of 500 year old lahar erupted from the volcano. Mount Rainier is an active stratovolcano of andesitic rock, located along the convergent plate boundary where the North American Plate and the Pacific Plate meet. Mount Rainier is the most prominent mountain in the contiguous United States and is approximately 500,000 years old (The Cardinal). Although Mount Rainier is considered to be an active volcano because of its lahar flow, it is currently in resting state....   [tags: Research Summary]
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Why the Sea is Salty - Why is the sea salty. One theory states that the sea is salt because of the “mid-Ocean” rift. Fresh basalt flows up through the rift along with “juvenile water; water that is made up of many of the components of sea water including chlorine, bromine, iodine, and many other molecules. Also some salts get into the ocean through volcanoes and even fresh water rivers carries salt into the sea. The sea is composed of many other things. Scientist over the years has conducted many experiments to prove not only of what the sea is made have but also many other things....   [tags: essays research papers] 379 words
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