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Volcanoes - Volcanoes Volcanoes are natural phenomena which are on the Earth’s surface through which molten rock and gases escape from below the surface (Tarbuck, 139). These volcanoes are very interesting to observe and to study because of their amazing occurrences and majestic lava eruptions. Volcanoes have been studied ever since the beginning of mankind and the word “volcano” is thought to be derived from Vulcano, a volcanic island in the Aeolian Islands of Italy whose name in turn originates from Vulcan, the name of a god of fire in Roman mythology....   [tags: Natural Disasters ]
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Volcanoes - Volcanoes Volcanoes are holes or vents in the Earth’s crust, created when molten hot magma under the crust of the Earth is forced upward to the surface. Magma collects in a chamber beneath the crust, pressure builds up and forces it up through cracks or fissure and a conduit to the surface is created. Hot gases try to escape but are trapped in the magma. The surface of the Earth begins to bulge until the pressure can no longer be contained....   [tags: Papers] 373 words
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Volcanoes - Volcanoes Volcanoes are one of the most destructive yet fascinating geological land forms in our natural environment. They consist of a fissure in the earth's crust above which a cone of volcanic material has accumulated. The cone is formed by the deposition of molten or solid matter that flows from the interior of the earth through an indented vent, called a crater, which is found at the top of the cone. In this report I will discuss different states of volcanic activity, different forms of volcanoes and their properties and locations....   [tags: Papers] 508 words
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Volcanoes - Volcanoes Distribution Volcanoes can be described as being tectonic hazards that occur in many parts of the world. The distribution of volcanoes is closely linked with the positioning of the tectonic plate boundaries across the globe. Today there are about 500 active volcanoes in the world. The world map of volcanoes in your atlas shows that the most volcanic activity occurs along the West coasts of North and South America, (along the Rockies and Andes) and the coasts of many Far East countries (in areas like Japan, China etc)....   [tags: Papers] 3854 words
(11 pages)
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Volcanoes - Volcanoes This paper will define and discuss the volcano to include: types of volcanoes, formation of a volcano, and elements of a volcano; such as, lava, rock fragments, and gas. This paper also tells a little bit about volcanic activity in different parts of the world. What is a volcano. A volcano is a vent in the earth from which molten rock and gas erupt. The molten rock that erupts from the volcano forms a hill or mountain around the vent. The lava may flow out as a viscous liquid or it may explode from the vent as solid or liquid particles....   [tags: Volcano Nature Lava Eruption Essays]
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1361 words
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Volcanoes - A Look Into Volcanoes I. Introduction Volcano: defined is a mountain or hill formed by the accumulation of materials erupted through one or more openings (called volcanic vents) in the earth's surface. The term volcano can also refer to the vents themselves. Most volcanoes have steep sides, but some can be gently sloping mountains or even flat tablelands, plateaus, or plains. The volcanoes above sea level are the best known, but the vast majority of the world's volcanoes lie beneath the sea, formed along the global oceanic ridge systems that crisscross the deep ocean floor....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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2221 words
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Volcanoes - Affects of Volcanoes The plates which are about 20 miles thick, make up the earth's crust and are a chief cause of volcanic activity. These plates are always in motion. They move very slowly, however some at times bump in to each other. These movements put a lot of pressure on the surface rock. Volcanoes obtain their energies from such movement and pressure. Volcanoes form at the boundaries of these plate where two types of movement occurs, two plates will collide with each other or the plates will move apart from each other....   [tags: essays research papers] 883 words
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Hawaiian Volcanoes - ... Another trend is the north-south trend, which can be found north of the western tip of the Hawaiian Island chain known as the Emperor Seamounts (Volcanoes in the Sea). This island chain does indeed display a north-south trend line. Finally the last trend is fracture zones in the south of west Pacific plate. While this is not as obvious of a trend as the formation of the Hawaiian Islands, there are multiple factures zones in the south of west, which are along California and other areas along the Pacific plate, including the Hawaiian Ridge (Volcanoes in the Sea)....   [tags: Geography ]
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Myths of Volcanoes - Myths and legends are everywhere. There are legends of people from long ago, myths of ancient Greeks. There are myths and legends of almost everything, including volcanoes. Myths of their creation, of why they erupt. Myths and legends of various gods controlling their own volcanoes. There is a story for almost every volcano. The amount of legends and myths concerning volcanoes is quite extensive, ranging from Hephaestus to Vulcan and everything in between. It's very interesting to know what people thought of volcanoes when the myths were made; myths about volcano are as captivating as other myths....   [tags: Myths] 991 words
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Super Volcanoes - Super Volcanoes There is no exact definition for a super volcano, but the expression is often used to refer to volcanoes that have produced extraordinarily large eruptions in the past. When one of these large eruptions occurs, a huge amount of material is blasted out of the super volcano, leaving a massive crater or caldera. A caldera can be as much as forty or fifty miles wide. At Yellowstone, the caldera is so big that it includes a fair amount of the entire park. In effect, it is so big that at first scientists didn't see the state a caldera had until it was photographed from space....   [tags: Papers] 747 words
(2.1 pages)
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Volcanoes and Earth - VOLCANOES AND THE EARTH SYSTEM EFFECTS OF VOLCANIC GASES Most of the gases in the atmosphere originally come from the Earth's interior. Gases within magma are dissolved because of high pressures beneath the earth's surface, but reduced pressure at the surface allows dissolved gases to expand and escape. When a volcano erupts, gases such as sulfur dioxide, carbon dioxide, chlorine, argon, sulfur, carbon monoxide, fluorine, and water vapor escape into the atmosphere. Although many of the gases emitted during a volcanic eruption can be helpful to the earth, a lot of the gases can be disruptive to the earth system....   [tags: Geology] 929 words
(2.7 pages)
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Physics of Volcanoes - Volcanoes are one of natures most interesting and dangerous phenomenons. The way volcanoes operate can be understood, on a basic level, by just some simple physics and chemistry, this paper will investigate and explain some of the basic physics that govern the behavior of volcanoes. Magma is composed of three main components * viscous silicate melt * crystals * volatiles (gases) The way that these three components interact is one of the main focuses of petrologists and volcanologists....   [tags: physics volcano volcanic eruption]
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1064 words
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Volcanoes and Climate Change - Missing Graphics Volcanoes and Climate Change Introduction: Since the beginning of time, volcanoes have been wreaking havoc on the world, as we know it. Yet in the more recent times, there has been a great amount of debate regarding the effect of volcanic eruptions on world climate change. In this report, the effects of these volcanoes will be explored, particularly in regards to cooling and the depletion of the ozone. Table of Contents: Introduction General Information on Volcanoes Effect of Volcanoes on Cooling Effect of Volcanoes on Ozone Depletion Specific Volcanic Eruptions and their Effects Debate over Connection between Volcanoes and Global Climate Change Works Cited General Information on Volcanoes: Volcanoes arise when magma, liquid rock within the earth, reaches the surface....   [tags: Geology Global Warming]
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1100 words
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Types of Volcanoes Present on Earth - Types of Volcanoes Present on Earth Volcanoes get their name from the Greek word Vulcano. "To the ancient Greeks, Vulcano was Hiera Hephaistou…to the ancient Romans it was the home of the forges of Vulcan; to both Vulcano was the lair of the god of fire" (Bullard 1984). Since then the myths have all gone but the name Vulcano has remained as the symbol for all volcanoes. "A volcano is both the place and opening from which molten rock, solid rock or gas issues from a planetary interior" (Scarth 1994)....   [tags: Papers] 882 words
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The Devastation a Volcano Can Create Shown in In a Volcanoes Path - The Devastation a Volcano Can Create Shown in In a Volcanoes Path The film "In a Volcanoes Path," was a good depiction of the devastation that a volcano can create. The movie also made me understand the importance of volcanologists. In studying the volcanoes maybe we can predict the next eruptions and therefore save many lives. On January 3, 1983 the most active volcano, Kileaua, that lives in Kalapana erupted in a big way. Lava was shot 1500 feet into the air releasing 100,000 gallons per minute and taking up 400,000 cubic yards each day....   [tags: Papers] 946 words
(2.7 pages)
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Science of Volcanic Activity Prediction - Science of Volcanic Activity Prediction Since the dawn of history, volcanoes have been an awe inspiring feature of the earth that has frightened and intrigued mankind. Volcanoes have taken the lives of over 250,000 people in the last three hundred years and changed the lives of millions of others, but up until recently humans have had very little understanding of the volcanic processes that presage an eruption. The advent and implementation of new technologies and scientific methods has allowed us to begin to comprehend the inner workings of one of nature's most powerful forces....   [tags: Nature Volcanoe Volcanoes Papers]
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The Hazards of Volcanic Eruptions - The relevance of time and location can play a huge role towards the levels of hazards and consequences that occur when related to a volcanic eruption. Within this essay I will consider all contributory factors that may influence the processes which take place. Contrasting several volcanoes with specific differences, in both LEDC’s and MEDC’s will give a vivid and overall representation of the variation involved in volcanic processes. A hazard can best be defined as a 'situation that poses a level of threat to life, health, property or the environment.' The overall impact of volcanoes as a natural hazard varies greatly from one place and timeframe to another....   [tags: volcanoes, natural disasters, ] 1609 words
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Mt. Rainier - Mt. Rainier The first time I saw Mt. Rainier for myself, was last summer when my boyfriend and I drove to Washington. It was the most beautiful, peaceful looking mountain I have ever seen. However, underneath it's great beauty, it hides a deadly secret. Mt. Rainier is one of the most dangerous volcanoes that we have here in the United States. One of the reasons it is so dangerous is because of it's great beauty. People enjoy looking at it, and the area that surrounds it, so they have made their homes here....   [tags: Internet Web Volcanoes Essays]
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An Article, a Short Story, and a Poem - An Article, a Short Story, and a Poem This paper will analyze and compare an article, a short story, and a poem according to; audience, purpose, context, ethics, and stance. The article “Under the Volcano” is written by Jack McClintock and is the most informative. The persuasion to have people move away from the danger area of Mt. Rainier is very subtle. The article lists volcanoes that have erupted and when they did so. Throughout the article there are pictures of volcanoes and the corresponding text shows what is being done to monitor them....   [tags: Writing Literature Volcanoes Essays]
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Mono Basin Volcanism - Mono Basin Volcanism The last basin in the Basin and Range before the Sierra Nevada Mountain range is the Mono Basin. The Mono Basin consists of landforms such as the Mono-Inyo Craters, Black Point, Negit Island, Paoha Island, Mono Lake, Devils Punch Bowl, Panum Crater, and some others (Hamburger et al; 2004). All of these landforms were created by volcanism. Actually, the Mono Basin is in one of the most volcanically active places in the world (Forest Service; 2004). Paoha Island, Negit Island, and Panum Crater are the most recent volcanoes to erupt, which are the furthest north in the basin....   [tags: Geology Volcanoes Volcano Papers]
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1799 words
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Mount St. Helens - Mount St. Helens Mount St. Helens is an active stratovalcano in Skamania County, Washington, in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It is located 96 miles south of Seattle and 53 miles northeast of Portland, Oregon. The mountain is part of the Cascade Range. It is most famous for a catastrophic eruption on May 18, 1980. That eruption was the most deadly and economically destructive volcanic eruption in the history of the United States. 57 people were killed, and 200 homes, 47 bridges, 15 miles (24 km) of railways and 185 miles (300 km) of highway were destroyed....   [tags: Nature Volcanoes Eruptions Essays] 689 words
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hazards of volcanos - Volcanoe's Parts Sill Flank Summit Dike Conduit Resevoir Vent Throat Crater Base Lava Hazards Gas - Sulfur Dioxide gas creates air pollution that irritates skin, nose, throat, and eyes - Carbon Dioxide is so concentrated that it kills animals and humans - Acid rain that some times takes the form of Hydrochloric acid Lahars - hot or cold mixture of water and rock fragments, often resembles a flow of concrete - hundreds of meters wide, tens of meters deep - flows at several tens of meters a second (too fast to outrun) Landslides - large rocks or debris falling rapidly downhill - if the landslide contains enough water it will transform into a Lahar Lava flows - lava thats errupted during non explosive periods - can travel up to 10 km / hour - can result in lahars Pyroclastic Flows - high density mixtures of hot, dry rock fragments and hot gases that move at high speeds - can result from non explosive or explosive periods of the volcano's history - can result in lahars Tephra - gas clouds that are carried several hundreds of kilometers from the vent - can disrupt machinery and lives very far away from the volcanoe Parts Sill Flank Summit Dike Conduit Resevoir Vent Throat Crater Base Lava Hazards Gas - Sulfur Dioxide gas creates air pollution that irritates skin, nose, throat, and eyes - Carbon Dioxide is so concentrated that it kills animals and humans - Acid rain that some times takes the form of Hydrochloric acid Lahars - hot or cold mixture of water and rock fragments, often resembles a flow of concrete - hundreds of meters wide, tens of meters deep - flows at several tens of meters a second (too fast to outrun) Landslides - large rocks or debris falling rapidly downhill - if the landslide contains enough water it will transform into a Lahar Lava flows - lava thats errupted during non explosive periods - can travel up to 10 km / hour - can result in lahars Pyroclastic Flows - high density mixtures of hot, dry rock fragments and hot gases that move at high speeds - can result from non explosive or explosive periods of the volcano's history - can result in lahars Tephra - gas clouds that are carried several hundreds of kilometers from the vent - can disrupt machinery and lives very far away from the volcanoe source : http://volcano.und.nodak.edu/vwdocs/vw_hyperexchange/parts.html ....   [tags: essays research papers] 369 words
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Mt.Vesuvius and its 79 AD Eruption - Volcano: A hill or mountain formed around and above a vent by accumulations of erupted materials, such as ash, pumice, cinders or lava-flow. The term refers both to the vent itself and to the often cone-shaped accumulation above it. (Scarth, 1994.) This definition can do Mt. Vesuvius no justice. Instead, I would describe it as one of the most hellish and population decimating volcanoes. Vesuvius lives…or lived. In its prime, Vesuvius covered and demolished two of Italy’s biggest cultural and artistic cities of its time....   [tags: essays research papers] 1667 words
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The Geological Event of Volcanic Eruptions and the Disasters they Cause - The Geological Event of Volcanic Eruptions and the Disasters they Cause In this report I plan to discuss the geological event of volcanic eruptions and the disasters they cause. To me, this is a fascinating topic and timely seeing how the 19th anniversary of the eruption of Mt. St. Helens is upon us. I hope to inform people of the mass destruction that is caused by the eruption of a volcano. The scope of my report will be limited to: 1) describing what comes out of a volcano, 2) explaining the seven different types of volcanoes, 3) explaining the five types of volcanic eruptions, and 4) explaining the disasters they can cause people....   [tags: Papers] 2029 words
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Bums - Bums are cool dfsjhfajks hthalksjhaf jkshf sldjfhajeklrh tja hsjdfhajrhl jhsdfjashjhwreuisdhjcsbdr awejfhsadhr wsfhfajrej fsudyfjweb hcvszlhjwerhf jsnf Viewing an erupting volcano is a memorable experience; one that has inspired fear, superstition, worship, curiosity, and fascination throughout the history of mankind. The active Hawaiian volcanoes have received special attention worldwide because of their frequent spectacular eruptions, which can be viewed and studied with a relative ease and safety....   [tags: essays research papers] 1348 words
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Venus - ... It is believed that the principle cause of the extreme surface temperature is the consequence abundant carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere. Scientists concluded that Venusian atmosphere undergoes greenhouse effect. In essence, the heat delivered from the Sun enter the atmosphere and is radiated out, then again, it does not leave the atmosphere due to its heavy clouds that impede it from such. For this reason, Venus’ surface temperature is higher than that on Mercury – higher than any other planet....   [tags: Solar System, Planets, Venus] 1639 words
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Mars - Mars is the fourth planet from the sun at about 228 million-km (141 million miles) and the last terrestrial planet from the sun. The next five planets in order from the sun are gaseous. Mars follows closely behind Earth but is comparatively smaller, with about half the diameter of Earth and about one-tenth of Earth’s mass. Thus the force of gravity on Mars is about one-third of that on Earth. Though it is much smaller, Mars does have the same surface land area as Earth. Other than Earth, Mars posses the most highly varied and interesting known terrain in our solar system....   [tags: essays research papers] 1047 words
(3 pages)
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Mauna Loa: The Fiery Mountain - Mauna Loa: The Fiery Mountain Mauna Loa is Earth’s largest volcano and most massive mountain as it takes up nearly half of the flourishing landscape of the island of Hawai’i. This island is actually made up of five volcanoes, Kohala, Mauna Kea, Hualalai, Mauna Loa, and Kilauea, all in such close proximity that they fused together to form one whole island. Mauna Loa is located in the south central area of Hawai’i, in the Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park and its coordinates are 19°5' N, 155°6' W. It is 13,680 ft above sea level, but if one measures from its true base on the ocean floor, it is estimated to be 30,080 feet tall....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Investigating Plate Margins - Investigating Plate Margins Plate margins are the edges of the plates, where all the power of nature is released in earthquakes and volcanoes. There are three main types of plate margins: - Spreading Boundaries There are two types of spreading boundary Ridges, where new rock is formed, pushing the plates apart, and Rift, where the plates pull apart, and the earth between them sinks. On the ocean floor the plates are spreading. All along the mid ocean ridge, volcanic activity is pouring new lava out onto the seabed....   [tags: Papers] 1104 words
(3.2 pages)
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Population and Natural Disasters - Population and Natural Disasters Question: Is it wise for towns near Mount Shasta to keep growing. What should be done about this situation. (Pg. 179, Natural Disasters, 2nd edition) Volcanoes are a nuisance and a help mankind. As dramatically demonstrated by the catastrophic eruption of Mount St. Helens on May 1980 and of Pinatubo in June 1991, volcanoes can wreak havoc and devastation in the short term. This devastation is so short term that large populations begin to amass around sizeable volcanoes such as Mount Shasta....   [tags: Papers] 441 words
(1.3 pages)
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The 1815 Eruption of Mount Tambora - ... The region of Indonesia is underlain by a thin and weak lithosphere, which has been identified by upper mantle velocities and heat flow observations. However, the lower mantle beneath Indonesia is characterized by high velocity, which suggests the accumulation of subducted lithosphere (shifting of plates beneath each other). The character of the lithosphere has been identified as a major influence on volcanic eruptions that have plagued Indonesia9. Coupled with repeated collisions at subduction zones and characteristics of nearby tectonic plates, one can imagine the destructive potential of an erupting volcano....   [tags: Plate Tectonics ] 2292 words
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Venus - The Planet Venus Introduction The planet we know as Venus is the second planet from the Sun in our solar system. The Planet is also the brightest if we were looking at it from earth. According to a some information I have found it “is the third brightest celestial object in the sky (after the Sun and Moon)…[And] is also one of the few bodies in our Solar System that rotates east to west (retrograde) (http://www.geocities.com/CapeCanaveral/Hanger/9188/venu.html).” It takes Venus around two hundred and twenty-four days on Earth for it to complete one full rotation....   [tags: essays research papers] 951 words
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Hawaii Weather: Peculiarities and Hazards - ... Vog stands for volcanic smog. It is composed of “predominately aerosols formed when volcanic gas reacts with moisture, oxygen, and sunlight”. Vog can create reduced visibility problems and is hazardous to breathe ("Vog: A Volcanic Hazard"). Current air conditions for the island of Hawaii can be obtained at http://www.hiso2index.info/. Even though it seems relatively safe to fly near the calmer Hawaiian volcanoes, caution must be taken to avoid the hazards that accompany these volcanoes. Another weather phenomenon that is present in the Hawaiian islands is wind....   [tags: Geography ]
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The Dark Side of the Earth - The Dark Side of the Earth Harry Truman was a cranky, unpleasant man. He was a man who that loved his sixteen cats and his daily bourbon and coke. No, this wasn’t the President of the United States you might be thinking of. Harry Truman was an 83 year-old man who had lived at the bottom of Mt. St. Helens for nearly fifty-five years (Fire Mountain: The Eruption of Mt. St. Helens). He owned Mt. St. Helens lodge, near Spirit Lake. He never believed what anyone told him about his mountain. Even with the warnings as well as earthquakes, the only precaution he took was moving his bed to his basement....   [tags: Personal Narratives Mount St. Helens Essays] 6723 words
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Volcanic Eruptions and Global Climate Change - Volcanic Eruptions and Global Climate Change Abstract There has been much debate in recent decades over how much volcanic eruptions contribute to global climate change, the destruction of the ozone layer, and global warming. This electronic term paper deals with various sides of this debate. There will be a specific focus on the great nineteenth century eruptions of Tambora and Krakatoa. Table of Contents Introduction The Effects of Volcanoes on the Earth Systems in General The 18-- Eruption of Tambora and its Effects on the Earth Systems The 1883 Eruption of Krakatoa and its Effects on the Earth Systems Why Some Scientists are Saying that Volcanoes Do Not Have a Great Effect on Global Change Conclusion References Introduction Since the beginning of time, volcanoes have been erupting on Earth....   [tags: Geology Global Warming]
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Kilauea and the Volcanism of the Hawaiian Islands - ... J. L., E. Pilger, L. P. Flynn, H. Garbeil, P. J. Mouginis-Mark, J. Kauahikaua, and C. Thornber. 2001). Volcanic composition of lava on the Kilauea shield have changed over time and been studied for their evolutionary changes. Early phases of volcanism showed alkalic lavas with a garnet-phlogopite-sulfide periodite assembly. Over time it has changed and become strongly alkalic with increasing incompatible components but decreasing amounts of silicon dioxide, magnesium oxides, and aluminum oxides (Sisson, T....   [tags: Geology ]
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Utopian Hill Resort - Utopian Hill Resort The safety of the guests is among the most important factors that determine the quality and hospitality of a high class hotel. At Utopian Hill Resort, your safety is our top priority and we ensure the most advanced equipment for your safety. Utopian Hill features a top of the line surveillance system, police force, hospital clinic, and fire fighting system. It also has equipment to survive any threat from natural disasters. Surveillance is the most important aspect of security....   [tags: Resorts Hotels Travel Vacations Essays] 1351 words
(3.9 pages)
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The Mauna Loa Volcano - The Mauna Loa Volcano The Mauna Loa volcano is located in Hawaii and means "Long Mountain" in Hawaiian. It is a giant, basaltic shield volcano. It is one of the largest volcanoes and mountains in the world and has been called the "monarch of mountains". It has an estimated volume of 9,600 cubic miles and takes up half the land of Hawaii. It extends about 120 km starting from the southern tip of the island to the northern region. It is 97 km (60 miles) long, 48 km (30 miles) wide, and is 8,742 km (28,680 miles) high from the base on the sea floor to the top....   [tags: Papers] 613 words
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The Land of the Rising Sun: Japan - The Land of the Rising Sun, Japan, is an island located in the Pacific Ring of Fire. Surrounded by water, this archipelago is nearly 71% mountainous. The climate of Japan is fairly consistent creating a long growing season. Because of these specific geographic features, Japan’s culture has been impacted greatly. One of the largest sources of protein, for the Japanese, is fish. This source of protein is gained through the help of specific geographic features. As well as their diet, their source of relaxation and tranquility is made possible....   [tags: Land of the Rising Sun, Japan, geography, ] 664 words
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Volcanic Emissions and Global Cooling - Volcanic Emissions As volcanoes erupt, they blast huge clouds into the atmosphere. These clouds are made up of particles and gases that were previously trapped in the geosphere, including sulfur dioxide, carbon dioxide, chlorine, argon, carbon monoxide, and water vapor. Millions of tons of harmful sulfur dioxide and carbon dioxide gas can reach the stratosphere from a major volcano. While all these gases play a small part in volcanic-induced climate change, carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide are by far the largest contributors to global cooling....   [tags: Global Warming Climate Change]
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Jordan craters - The Jordan Craters volcanic field is located on the Owyhee-Oregon Plateau at the southeastern end of a series of young basalt fields extending from near Bend, Oregon, through Diamond Craters in south-central Oregon (Volcanoes of the World). The Jordan Craters field is limited to the northern most and youngest portion of a larger (250 square kilometers) Quaternary alkaline basalt field. There are three major vent areas aligned north to south along surficial and inferred expressions of the regional Basin and Range faulting (Hart, W.K., and Mertzmann, S.A.)....   [tags: essays research papers] 385 words
(1.1 pages)
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The Origin of Eukaryotic Cells - The Origin of Eukaryotic Cells In the beginning of the creation of Earth volcanoes erupted all over the planet. During this period there was a time where a brief cooling period was allowed to take place. When this period took place evaporation caused a downpour of rain which flooded the ocean creating the ocean. At the time that ocean was averaged at 3,000 degrees Fahrenheit. Around this same time an asteroid so powerful hit the Earth knocking off a large chunk of it. This chunk became the moon which at the time was twice as close as it is today....   [tags: Papers] 328 words
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Mount Etna in Italy - ... The longest eruption began in 1979 which lasted for 13 years. (Mount Etna Volcano) The eruptions of Mount Etna undergo fluctuations in time. The fluctuations represent stages of cycle on a scale of decades and centuries. (Behncke, B., Neri, M., 2003) Since the eruption in 1865, with four complete cycles, recurrent patterns are strong evidences and a fifth cycle began in 1993. There are three phases in each cycle. It begins with low-level activity and continuous summit activity and a series of flank eruption are following....   [tags: Geography ]
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Mars, The Red Planet - Mars, it’s where aliens come from, a Hollywood Sci-Fi mainstay, the mysterious red planet. But, what is Mars really. Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun, orbiting 227,940,000 km away. It’s diameter of 6,794 km and mass of 6.4219e23 kg, makes it the seventh largest planet in our solar system.      Mars, which is the Greek name for the god of War, probably got this name due to it’s red color, and is often referred to as the red planet. What makes Mars look red. Mars’ atmosphere is mostly carbon dioxide, which oxidizes iron on the planet’s surface to create rust....   [tags: essays research papers] 580 words
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Earthquake and Volcanic Hazards in the Caribbean - Earthquake and Volcanic Hazards in the Caribbean If one took this statement to mean in recent times, it would not be fair to make such a statement as Caribbean people have not had to deal with earthquake hazards as they have the volcanic hazards; and one can’t say they find it difficult to respond to the earthquake hazards. The five major natural hazards that threaten the Caribbean are hurricanes, floods, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and tsunamis, with earthquakes being the least common, especially in modern times....   [tags: Papers] 796 words
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The Range of Physical Phenomena that are Associated with Volcanic Hazards - The Range of Physical Phenomena that are Associated with Volcanic Hazards Volcanic eruptions bring with them a large range of hazards. This report will describe the different range of hazards associated with volcanic activity and discus possible ways that hazards can be avoided. A volcanic eruption can, force people to leave their homes, damage sources of water, destroy homes and farms, restrict travel and kill. Pyroclastic flow is a flow of volcanic rock, and the most devastating effect of an explosive eruption....   [tags: Papers] 816 words
(2.3 pages)
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Reasons why New Zealand is a Dangerous Place to Live - Reasons why New Zealand is a Dangerous Place to Live New Zealand is located in the southwest of the Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia. This beautiful country has many high lands, huge rivers and mountains, which are steep, very jagged and glaciated. There is plenty of ash over the North Island resulting from volcanic eruptions. What makes this amazing country so dangerous is that so many natural hazards exist here. New Zealand situated right through the ring of fire. This is a zone where frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions happen....   [tags: Papers] 420 words
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Orting, Washington - The town of Orting is built in the valley of Mount Rainer in western Washington. Located 30 miles from the volcano, Orting is built upon deposits of 500 year old lahar erupted from the volcano. Mount Rainier is an active stratovolcano of andesitic rock, located along the convergent plate boundary where the North American Plate and the Pacific Plate meet. Mount Rainier is the most prominent mountain in the contiguous United States and is approximately 500,000 years old (The Cardinal). Although Mount Rainier is considered to be an active volcano because of its lahar flow, it is currently in resting state....   [tags: Research Summary]
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Greek Mythology: Then and Now - ... (Daly 122) In the Chinese culture dragons are worshiped and feared. According to Chinese mythology, Fucanglong, the dragon of hidden treasures, lives in the underground and guards the treasures of the earth. It is said that a volcano would erupt when Fucanglong sprung from the earth to the heavens to report on the status of his treasures. (Rosen 63) The Greeks believed the god of the winds, Aeolus, was the culprit behind tornadoes. Aeolus is the ruler of the floating island of Aeolia....   [tags: Mythology]
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What Really Killed the Dinosaurs? - ... If the caterpillars were able to strip all of the leaves from trees, then the plant eaters would not have anything to eat and would die. If the plant eaters died then the meat eaters would die from lack of food. However this theory is thought to be extremely unlikely for caterpillars would have to strip all of the trees around the world of their leaves at virtually the same time. Supernova: A supernova is an exploding star. It can blast material huge distances into space. Some scientists think cosmic radiation caused by the explosion would cause extremely high rates of deadly cancer among the dinosaurs....   [tags: Animal Research ]
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Japan - Japan Geographical Setting Japan is an island country in the North Pacific Ocean. It lies off the northeast coast of mainland Asia and faces Russia,Korea, and China. Four large islands and thousands of smaller ones make up Japan. The four major islands- Hokkaido,Honshu,Kyushu and Shikoku form a curve that extends for about 1,900 kilometres. Topography Japan is a land of great natural beauty. mountains and hills cover about 70% of the country. IN fact, Japanese islands consist of the rugged upper part of a great mountain range that rises from the floor of the North Pacific Ocean....   [tags: Geography Geographical Japan Essays]
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History as a Science - History as a Science Before the question of whether history is a science can be answered, one needs to know exactly what a science is; it's definition. When we imagine science, most of us will immediately think of experimentation, with test tubes boiling, or mechanical objects spinning around. Although this is true, this is not all there is to science. Science is a methodical discipline of studying the phenomena of the universe and recording, measuring and analysing the data. Perhaps even producing theories before experimentation, or if experimentation is not possible....   [tags: Papers] 881 words
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Plate Tectonics Theories Analysis - Plate Tectonics Theories Analysis Since the beginning of human kind there has been a cloud of wonder regarding the natural processes and patterns of our planet. Scientist interested in this field through out the years, have developed many different theories to how our planet geological features have come about. The most widely accepted theory in this field is that of plate tectonics. For those who do not know much about the theory of plate tectonics; it states that there are twenty plates that cover most of the Earth's surface area....   [tags: Papers] 843 words
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The Role of the Knowledge of Plate Tectonics - The Role of the Knowledge of Plate Tectonics Plate tectonics helps us to understand three main things; the distribution of the worlds major landforms, where natural hazards such as volcanoes and earthquakes can strike, and the distribution of minerals and energy supplies. There are at seven main plates composed of the narrow crust that forms the outer shell or limosphere of the Earth. All of these plates are in continuous motion moving in different directions. This is continental drift and can be proven by fossil evidence, structure of continents and climatic change....   [tags: Papers] 1210 words
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Analyzing the Knowledge of Plate Tectonics - Analyzing the Knowledge of Plate Tectonics In order to manage anything successfully you need to have some sort of basic knowledge about what you are managing, otherwise you may be doing more harm than good because something seems the right thing to do without any basis in fact or visual evidence. If you know why something happens it will be easier to predict future plate tectonic movement by looking for the signs of an approaching earthquake or volcanic eruption and so minimizing the danger by taking the actions necessary because so far it is impossible to stop them and if it were the earth would not be able to release its underground pressure and shake itself apart so prevention is not an option....   [tags: Papers] 592 words
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Supervolcano - Supervolcano 1. “Docudramas” like Supervolcano are valuable in the sense that they provide certain elements to the viewer that cannot be found in dramas or documentaries. For the drama enthusiast, it sparks an interest by presenting characters and a climactic plot to speed the informational aspect of the movie along. For the documentary enthusiast, it includes a plot “based” on factual information, and provides something to be learned. Supervolcano was a true “docudrama,” and appealed to a wider variety of people....   [tags: essays research papers] 494 words
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Unity and Diversity of Indonesia - Unity and Diversity of Indonesia From "Sabang ‘till Merauke" is the name of a song dedicated to Indonesia’s many islands and it’s diversity. It’s numerous chain of islands contained in the thirty-two thousand miles dividing two oceans, the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean. Sabang is a small island just off the coast of Sumatra; Merauke is a small village near the border of Papua New Guinea. Indonesia’s 13,677 islands inhabited by 350 different ethnic groups, and more than 200 different languages....   [tags: Conflict History Bond Papers]
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Mono Lake - Mono Lake 1. Mono Lake Mono Lake is a unique body of water lying in the Eastern Sierra Nevadas. For decades its water sources were tapped by the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (DWP) to use for farming because the lake's high elevation would allow them to easily transport the water to the city and because the water was so saline, people believed it was worthless. The normal traits by which people judge lakes were lacking in Mono: fish could not survive in the salty water, the water was harsh to swim in because of the chemicals and salinity, the scenery was unlike other lakes because there were no trees....   [tags: Biology Science Papers]
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Earthquakes - EARTHQUAKES Objective: To define and discuss earthquakes and its effects. Earthquakes are a major catastrophe and can be a big threat to human lives. To understand earthquakes you must have a clear definition, know its mechanisms, be able to recognize the size and dynamics and understand its effects: I. Definition of Earthquake a. Earthquake b. Tsunamis c. Landslides d. Volcanoes II. Mechanism a. Faults b. Seismic Waves c. Aftershocks III. Size a. Strength b. Classification of Seismic Waves 1....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Plate Tectonics - The theory of plate tectonics, only recently introduced to the world, transforms the thought that the earth has been the same since its beginning. The theory alters the view of the average person almost in the way that Columbus showed the world was round. The theory of plate tectonics was developed from the theories of continental drift and sea-floor spreading and states that the earth’s surface is divided into several large plates, which are constantly in motion. In 1912, Alfred Wegener, a German scientist, was the first to notice this and develop the theory of plate tectonics....   [tags: essays research papers] 766 words
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The Philippines - The Philippines is bordered by the South China Sea and the Pacific Ocean. It has three major island groups which are the Luzon, the largest island and where the capital is located; Visayan, and Mindanao. Eleven islands make up 94 percent of the Philippine landmass, and two of these--Luzon and Mindanao--measure 105,000 and 95,000 square kilometers, respectively. They, together with the cluster of the Visayan Islands that separate them, represent the three principal regions of the archipelago (many scattered islands in a large body of water) that are identified by the three stars on the Philippine flag....   [tags: essays research papers] 1400 words
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Tectonic Activity - Tectonic Activity The continents of the world are all separated by different tectonic plates which when collide is called Tectonic Activity. There are different forms of tectonic activity and different processes and landforms, which are involved during and as a result of the collisions. As and when these collisions are going to take place we can't determine because current technology hasn't allowed us to dig as far into the earth to the point of pressures which causes the plates to collide....   [tags: Papers] 1243 words
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The History of the Earth - The History of the Earth History has shown that the Earth's surface can change, and just as fast, as our lives can change with it. In an instant our planet can be violent and out of control creating and destroying life and land. There is not a single day that the earth goes silently without effecting lives in a positive or negative way. The rich ash from a volcano can produce mass crops for a farmer, but in most cases it leads to mass clean up for an entire culture. Humankind has a natural instinct to adapt to our environment, and that's just what we do in every case where Earth has left us no choice....   [tags: Papers] 557 words
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Geology of Mars - Geology of Mars Mars is the planet that is the closest geologically to our own. Still we know little about the planet. All the information that we have is from what we see. We can speculate about the geology of the planet but we will never know for sure what the planet is really made of until we physicallygo there. The information is all from NASA sites or NASA related sites. Mars' red color leads us to believe that the planet has large amounts of iron. This red color is the only color that is on the surface besides the poles....   [tags: Papers] 1201 words
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The Work and Life of Alfred Wegener - The Work and Life of Alfred Wegener Alfred Wegener was born on November 1st 1880, he studied the natural sciences at the University of Berlinreceiving a PhD in astronomy, graduating in 1904. As well as this qualification Wegener was knowledgeable in the areas of in geophysics and the newly developing fields of meteorology and climatology. He already played an active role in pioneering the scientific world in such things as the use of balloons to track air circulation, joining a trek to Greenland to study polar air circulation in 1906....   [tags: Papers] 593 words
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Historical Geology of The Permian Basin in West Texas - Historical Geology of The Permian Basin in West Texas Missing Works Cited One of the largest oil producing areas of the world is located in West Texas. This area is known as the Permian Basin. Most of the oil is being produced from rocks formed in the Permian Period. The largest amounts of these rocks are located in the Permian Basin and southeastern New Mexico. That is why this area is known as the Permian Basin. The main features of the Permian Basin was formed in the early part of the Paleozoic area but it wasn't until the Mississippian and Pennsylvanian Periods that the folding occurred in which formed the outlines of the basin as it is presented to us today....   [tags: Papers] 491 words
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Effects of Flouride - Effects of Flouride Fifty-five years ago they told us that in order to have healthy teeth, we needed to have one part fluoride in each million parts of water. That's the same as one milligram of fluoride per liter -- about one-quarter milligram per 8-ounce cup. There is ample evidence that fluoride is harmful to health: that is why it has been banned or discontinued in 21 European countries, Japan and Hawaii. A major report ordered by Congress in January 1990 from the U.S. government's National Toxicological Program links fluoride with bone and mouth cancer, a rare form of liver cancer, and thyroid cancer....   [tags: Papers] 483 words
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Investigating Planet Earth - Investigating Planet Earth The Structure of the Earth- [IMAGE] The Crust: This region is thin compared to the other layers in the Earth. It varies in thickness from 10km deep to 65km deep. The crust is made up of lighter rocks that "float" on top of the mantle. This layer includes the continents as well as the rock under the oceans. The thickness of the crust might be a little deceiving... to put it into perspective, we have built many deep mines but NONE have yet reached the mantle....   [tags: Papers] 424 words
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Air and Rock - Air and Rock Composition of atmosphere: * 78% nitrogen * 21% oxygen * 0.04% CO2 * 1% Noble gases (mainly argon) Atmosphere wasn’t always like this, here’s how the first 4.5 billion years have gone: Phase 1 (first billion years) – Volcanoes gave out steam, CO2, NH3 and CH4 ---------------------------------------------------------------------- * earth’s surface molten, any atmosphere boiled away. * Cooled and thin crust formed but volcanoes kept erupting....   [tags: Papers] 516 words
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A History of Japan - Japans history dates back almost 53,000 years and is filled with interesting and fascinating events. Most of Japans actions have left the major world powers in the world stunned. The base of this amazing country is astonishing just by itself. The base is a bunch of active and large under water volcanoes. Japans uniqueness from the rest of the world ranges from its culture to its very interesting history to the change in government every few hundred years and their trading dilemma with petroleum and their assortment of fish that they export....   [tags: Japn, history, ] 1458 words
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Global Warming: All Cities Covered with Water - Imagine a world where almost all of the major cities are covered by water, and alternating droughts led to water storages, malnutrition and an mass animal extinction. Often, people define "Global Warming" as a change in climate directly or indirectly attributable to human activities altering the atmospheric composition. The climate has always changed. The problem is that in the last century the pace of these changes has accelerated abnormally, to such a degree that they affect planetary life. A closer look at Global Warming will include the controversy surrounding this topic, what cause Global Warming, the actual environmental changes and human attempts to slow it....   [tags: Climate Change, Argumentative Essay]
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Geology of the Galapagos Islands - INTRODUCTION In 1835 Charles Darwin, aboard the vessel HMS Beagle, first set foot on the Islands of the Galapagos Archipeligo setting off on what would become the inspiration for the most important innovation in biological sciences either before or since. That visit solidified for Darwin his notion of the evolution of life on Earth, and helped trigger his breakthrough regarding Natural Selection, ultimately culminating in his groundbreaking masterpiece On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection....   [tags: Geology ]
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Natural Disaster - ... “A natural process only becomes a natural hazard when the risk of human loss is presented.” (Page 2) An earthquake is “a sudden shake of the Earth's crust caused by the tectonic plates colliding.” (Page 2) The vibrations may vary in magnitude. “The underground point of origin of the earthquake is called the focus. The point directly above the focus on the surface is called the epicenter.”(Page 3) Earthquakes by themselves rarely kill people or wildlife. “It is usually the secondary events that they trigger, such as building collapse, fires, tsunamis and volcanoes, that are actually the human disaster.” (Page 5) Earthquakes may last only a few seconds or may continue for up to several minutes....   [tags: Earthquakes, Tornados, Flood] 818 words
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A Hawaiian Vacation Through dealresults.com - ... Your convenience is our bread and butter. Our 3, 4, 5 or 6 night stay with up to 60% off on packages sets you up to imbibe the embalming air of the six islands Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Maui and Hawaii’s Big Island. It may not be probable to enjoy the wholesome Hawaiian adventure in just one vacation. You will likely return to take off from where you left off. Anyhow, you will probably kick-start the holiday from the island of Oahu as this is where you will touch down at Honolulu airport....   [tags: marketing] 974 words
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Earthquakes - Earthquakes are one of the most damaging natural disasters known to man. They have been known to destroy entire cities in their total time of 2 to 3 minutes. Most people do not know that earthquakes are common through out the entire world; they are just more powerful in places such as California and small countries in South America. The definition of earthquake is “ a series of vibrations induced in the earth's crust by the abrupt rupture and rebound of rocks in which elastic strain has been slowly accumulating” according to Infoseek.com.....   [tags: essays research papers] 377 words
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Why the Sea is Salty - Why is the sea salty. One theory states that the sea is salt because of the “mid-Ocean” rift. Fresh basalt flows up through the rift along with “juvenile water; water that is made up of many of the components of sea water including chlorine, bromine, iodine, and many other molecules. Also some salts get into the ocean through volcanoes and even fresh water rivers carries salt into the sea. The sea is composed of many other things. Scientist over the years has conducted many experiments to prove not only of what the sea is made have but also many other things....   [tags: essays research papers] 379 words
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Global Warming is the Product of Natural Causes - Humans are not the primary cause of global warming. Although an argument could be made saying that humans have contributed to global warming, it certainly would not be fair to place all of the blame on mankind. From past climate change, it can be proven that global warming is in fact the product of natural causes. Furthermore, the Earth may even begin to cool soon enough. In the past, there have been changes in the Earth’s eccentricity and the Earth’s tilt which affected how much sunlight was reaching the planet....   [tags: Climate Change, Argumentative Essay] 663 words
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Miss Stroop's Travels: Blogging as an Educational Activity - Where is Miss Stroop going. This is sort of a spin off from NBC’s Today show segment, Where in the World is Matt Lauer. Before travelling, I will ignite excitement and curiosity about my secret travel plans by using our school’s televised morning announcements. A week before summer vacation, I will give one clue per day to intrigue students and to keep them guessing. Middle school kids love a good guessing game. For example, on Monday: The current president of this country received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1987 for his work to help stop civil wars in several Central American countries....   [tags: education, travel,] 547 words
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Planet Jupiter - I chose planet Jupiter because it is the biggest of all planets. It is a gas planet and I like that about this planet. The diameter is 88,846 miles or 142,984km. This planet is the fifth from the sun meaning the sun is about 483,780,000 miles. Its length to spin once around its axis takes nine hours and fifty-six minutes compared to earth’s one day. The planet Jupiter completes an orbit in 4,333 planet earth days or almost 12 earth years. Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar system just about as large as a gas planet can be....   [tags: Solar System] 650 words
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Carbonated Soft Drinks - How Do They Work? - Carbonated Soft Drinks - How Do They Work. Carbonated soft drinks have a huge history since their foremost inception. They are sweetened carbonated water, i.e. sugar laced aqueous solution of Carbon dioxide; and conventionally they are served, as well as enjoyed, chilled. The term ‘soft’ is basically an obligatory benchmark for carbonated drink makers that sets the limits of solute in the solution to less than or equal to 0.5% by volume. The earliest instances of soft drinks were sherbets made in ancient Arabic high societies....   [tags: Nutrition ] 550 words
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