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Your search returned over 400 essays for "vaccine"
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Public Health Concerns with the Human Papillomavirus Vaccine - Sexuality is an essential part of being a human being. Passionate emotions such as love, affection and sexual intimacy contribute to our overall well being and our healthy relationships. However, with these positive aspects of human sexuality, there are also several illness and unintended consequences that can severely affect our sexual health. With the incidence rate for the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) on the rise, it is important to address the public health concerns that are associated with disease....   [tags: Health, Vaccine, Sexuality]
:: 12 Works Cited
1671 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Vaccine War - After watching The Vaccine War, the main concerns of vaccines are public safety, the aftermath of injecting harmful chemicals into ones’ body and the parents that choose not to vaccinate their children. In the beginning of the documentary, a mother, Jennifer Margulis, states she felt like it was not needed for her newborn child to be vaccinated for a sexual transmitted disease. She feels like the ingredients are scary for a young child to take in with an immature immune system. The other issue is a massive outbreak of disease that could have been prevented....   [tags: Vaccines, Film Analysis, Social Issue]
:: 1 Works Cited
942 words
(2.7 pages)
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Anti-Vaccine Movement: An Ongoing Battle - Anti-Vaccine Movement: An Ongoing Battle Should children’s health be at risk for the greater good of community health. The news today is full of tragic stories about complications of vaccine use and there have been injuries from the beginning of vaccine use due to incomplete data on the side effects. The injuries have also brought about changes in the way vaccines are manufactured. The Georgia State Government requires citizens to receive vaccines in order to attend day care, go to school, and work at certain jobs and each state has its own mandates as well....   [tags: Community Health, Vaccines]
:: 5 Works Cited
1288 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Vaccine War - Through the rise of technological advances in medicine, the vaccine has changed the world for the greater good of the human race. Making a great triumph and virtually eliminating an array of life-threatening diseases, from smallpox to diphtheria, thus adding approximately thirty years to many humans’ life spans. Although, a new complication has arisen, possibly linking neurological digression with this rise of new vaccines. Such a digression has forced parents to exempt their children from receiving vaccinations and brought forth mental anguish affecting the minds of many....   [tags: Medical Ethics ]
:: 3 Works Cited
1168 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Review Adverse Effects of Vaccines - Although autonomy is such a highly sought after aspect of human life, there are times when it is overridden for the good of the person or for others around them. The question of whether autonomy is always the most important factor in determining the morality of an issue must be made. According to Fields, autonomy requires and allows a person to “comprehend the action to be taken, the alternatives, and the consequences,” which is what it does. Nonetheless, there are times when this extent of autonomy may be skewed by beliefs and ideas that may not be entirely accurate....   [tags: vaccines, vaccination, mmr vaccine]
:: 13 Works Cited
1384 words
(4 pages)
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An Evaluation of the Seasonal Influenza Vaccine - During the frigid winter months, the flu takes ahold of the entire country, constraining it in a cough-ridden, congested grasp until taking its leave in the warm months of spring. Several strains of the influenza virus compose collectively of the flu, and these strains mutate — or alter their genetic composition — as the virus creeps into and out of the people and animals it infects. Throughout the year, researchers and doctors scramble to find the most effective prevention for the evasive flu so that one may not feel its wrath....   [tags: allergic reactions, the flu, influenza virus]
:: 8 Works Cited
1760 words
(5 pages)
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The Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiative - THE CANADIAN HIV VACCINE INITIATIVE Description- The Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiative is a Canada based body, which works for the progress of HIV vaccines and testing method, at a global level. Though this organization was established by the Ministry of Canada, it involves enough cooperation and interactivity from other international organizations too. ________________________________________________________________________ Keywords- Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiative, Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiatives, CHVI, Canadian Ministry HIV Vaccine Initiative, Initiatives by Canada towards AIDS, Canada Ministry’s initiatives for AIDS, HIV in Canada, Canada fighting HIV, Goals of the Canadian HIV Vaccine I...   [tags: Health Care] 736 words
(2.1 pages)
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Weighing the Benefits of the Gardasil Vaccine - Many parents would take interest in a vaccine that promises protection against the second most common form of cancer found in women each year. Especially when 11,000 women will become diagnosed with cervical cancer each year, and 3,700 of those women will die as a result. Gardasil is a vaccine given in a series of three shots to girls ranging from nine to 26 years of age. Those three shots offer protection against four different strains of the human papilloma virus, which causes cervical cancer....   [tags: Cancer Preventon, Side Effects] 1007 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Global Vaccine and Therapeutic Industry - The global vaccine and therapeutic industry is estimated to reach sales of “$52 billion by 2016” (Research and Markets, 2009). Expansion in emerging markets and technological advancement are some of the key factors supporting such growth. Successful development of next generation technologies also influenced the growth of the vaccine and therapeutics market in areas such as Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and Dengue virus (DENV). These are areas of unmet needs in which no effective and licensed vaccine and/or therapeutic are available....   [tags: immunogenicity and serology testing]
:: 16 Works Cited
1756 words
(5 pages)
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Vaccine - This research paper consists of varying information coming from four published articles found on the internet related to whether the MMR vaccine causes Autism in children or not. According to the article MMR Vaccine (2010) in Black's Medical Dictionary, 42nd Edition there have been several studies and experiments performed and until this day, there is no direct link between the MMR Vaccine and Autism. Other researchers such as Robert M. Youngson (2004, 2005), who wrote in the Collins Dictionary of Medicine that: “No association has been demonstrated between autism and the use of the MMR vaccine.” (Youngson, 2004) An editorial by Stephen I....   [tags: Medicine, Autism] 1558 words
(4.5 pages)
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The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine - The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine The unforgettable story of vaccines is a story of triumph and controversy. The saddest part of the story is persistent ignorance and a lack of education, comingled with the personal need of some parents to explain away the problems of their children, have caused the controversy to arise. The good news is that the triumphant reality of vaccines as a whole is still the larger enduring legacy. The human papillomavirus vaccine is not an exception to this rule; in fact despite all the controversy surrounding the vaccine, it is one of medicine’s greatest lifesaving gifts to us....   [tags: HPV Cancer, Cervical Cancer]
:: 9 Works Cited
1596 words
(4.6 pages)
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The Importance of the Influenza Vaccine - Illnesses have long haunted the human race. As long as these illnesses have existed, humans have developed ways to cure themselves, beginning with simple herbs and proceeding as far as vaccines and complex medicines. One cure that long eluded scientists was that of the influenza virus. Now, the influenza vaccine, or flu shot, saves thousands of lives a year and helps prevent serious complications resulting from influenza infection. At no time was a search for the cure for influenza more frantic than after the devastating effects of the pandemic of 1918....   [tags: Health Care]
:: 6 Works Cited
1503 words
(4.3 pages)
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Hepatitis B Vaccine for Newborns - Hepatitis B virus can cause an infection either in the form of a short, acute illness or a chronic, long-lasting condition that affects the liver. Hepatitis B can cause serious disease in infants, so pregnant mothers who carry the virus must try to protect their babies by being screened and having their babies vaccinated after birth. What Is Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B virus is an organism that infects the liver, causing either a short, acute illness or a chronic, long-lasting disease. A baby who gets infected with the virus may experience a mild condition with no symptoms, but most babies become chronic carriers of the virus and pass them to others....   [tags: liver, yellowing of eyes, tiredness]
:: 4 Works Cited
889 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Vaccine War: Media Theory - Synopsis After watching The Vaccine War, the main concerns of vaccines are public safety, the aftermath of injecting harmful chemicals into ones’ body and the parents that choose not to vaccinate their children. In the beginning of the documentary, a mother, Jennifer Margulis, states she felt like it was not needed for her newborn child to be vaccinated for a sexual transmitted disease. She feels like the ingredients are scary for a young child to take in with an immature immune system. The other issue is a massive outbreak of disease that could have been prevented....   [tags: Public Safety, Cognitive Dissonance]
:: 1 Works Cited
936 words
(2.7 pages)
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HPV Vaccine - The Human Papillomavirus is known to be just one of the few illnesses one can contract while having a sexual relationship with a person. The severity of the virus in the body may vary from getting genital warts to contracting cervical, vulva, vaginal and anus cancer in women; anus and penile cancer for men. Many pharmaceutical companies have been racing one another in concocting possible countermeasures in preventing people from contracting these very dangerous diseases. I personally have watched the news regarding updates on cures and vaccines, especially the debates by government officials about the credibility of these vaccines and how should it be distributed to the public....   [tags: Sexually Transmitted Diseases] 743 words
(2.1 pages)
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The Vaccine-Autism Controversy - Parents everywhere ponder the question, what causes autism in young children. Since the early 1990s it has been debated whether or not vaccines are to blame for being the causal effect of autism. Numerous studies have been conducted to prove this theory true or false; however, many parents are still fighting the courts that vaccines caused autism in their children. Furthermore, more babies are not getting vaccinated due to the increasing scare being presented on the media about vaccines. The vaccine-autism controversy is the central issue in Jeffrey S....   [tags: mitochondrial disorder, symptoms]
:: 2 Works Cited
1000 words
(2.9 pages)
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HPV Vaccine: Adams vs. Allen - Human papilloma virus is today’s most common sexually transmitted infection and reamins uncurable at this time. About 79 million individuals in the United States are currently infected with HPV; around 14 million individuals will become newly infected with HPV each year. As of early 2012, one preventative measure against HPV is a vaccine given in three shots over six months, recommended for both male and female children at the age of 11 or 12. While the HPV vaccine is not mandated at this time, many individuals have openly expressed their opinions about the possibility....   [tags: mandation, health, STI]
:: 3 Works Cited
604 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Erradication of Poliomyelitis: Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV), and Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) - Introduction Poliomyelitis, commonly known as “Polio”, is an acute motor disease caused by the poliovirus that targets the anterior horn cells of the human spinal cord, and in severe cases results in acute flaccid paralysis (Alberta Health and Wellness, 2011), which can progress to permanent paralysis. It mainly affects children under the age of five, although individuals of any age may contract it (World Health Organization, 2013 [C]). Historical outbreaks, most prominently the 1916 and 1952 epidemics in the United States, led to the development of two separate vaccines: Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV), and Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV)....   [tags: poliovirus, spinal cord]
:: 23 Works Cited
1077 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Polio Vaccine - The Polio Vaccine The discovery of the polio vaccine was an important medical and scientific breakthrough because it saved many lives since the 1950s. In the summer of 1916 the great polio epidemic struck the United states. By the 1950s hundreds of thousands of people had been struck by the poliomyelitis. The highest number of cases occurred in 1953 with over 50,000 people infected with the virus. When hygienic conditions were poor polio attacked infants. The disease was spread by contaminated water and contact with fecal contamination....   [tags: Papers] 1070 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Impact of the Tuberculosis Vaccine - The Impact of the Tuberculosis Vaccine Abstract Tuberculosis is one of the most infectious diseases in the world. With almost one third of the world infected with this virus, people are striving to help prevent the spread of this disease (NIAID, 2001). One prevention technique for tuberculosis is the BCG (Bacillus of Calmette and Guerin) vaccine. In the early twentieth century Calmette and Guerin worked together to isolate a strain of the disease creating the first BCG vaccine. Throughout the century the scientists improved the BCG vaccine and today there are several different strains of the vaccine available....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Disease TB]
:: 5 Works Cited
1623 words
(4.6 pages)
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Hiv: The Search For A Vaccine - In 1985, over 10,000 cases of AIDS were reported worldwide (White and Fenner 1986). Just over a decade later, in 1998, the Global AIDS Policy Coalition estimated that 30.6 million people were infected with HIV worldwide. It has also been projected that by the year 2000, between 40 and 70 million adults will be infected with HIV (New Generation Vaccines 1997). Over 90% of all HIV-1 infected individuals live in developing nations: 50% in Southeast Asia and 40% in sub-Saharan Africa. However, even with all of these alarming statistics and projections, there is hope for the future of humanity....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 2 Works Cited
1319 words
(3.8 pages)
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The HPV Vaccine and Its Effect on Cancer Screening and Prevention - The HPV vaccine and its effect on cancer screening and prevention Introduction Human Papillomavirus(HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States, according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC) around 20 million people are infected with HPV and additional 6.2 million people are newly infected every year. According to National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2003-2004 among sexually active women (57% of 14 to 19 years and 97% of 20 to 59 years) HPV was highest prevalent in youngest age group (40% of 14-19 years and 50% of 20-24 years)....   [tags: HPV Cancer, Cervical Cancer] 1653 words
(4.7 pages)
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Designing Cancer Vaccine against Lung Cancer - Lung cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide both in men and women. It accounts for nearly 1.2 million deaths per year. Over the last few years many advances have been made in the field of surgery, chemotherapy and radiations for treating this deadly cancer but they are unlikely to result in cure. Lung cancer is associated with very bad prognosis. So there is a dire need of developing novel therapeutic vaccines for improving prognosis of this disease Cancer therapeutic vaccines are designed to regulate the host tumour interactions in order to shift the balance from tumour acceptance to tumour control....   [tags: Lung Cancer, Cause of Death, Treatments]
:: 12 Works Cited
1690 words
(4.8 pages)
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Rabies Immune Globulin and The First Dose of Rabies Vaccine - Rabies is the oldest infectious disease that is spread between species. Historical evidence of rabies dates from about 2300 BC. The first written record of rabies is in the Eshnunna code (ca.1930 BC), which states that owners of rabid dogs with symptoms of rabies should take preventative measures to keep their dog away from others. If a person were to be bitten and later become ill or die, the owner would be fined heavily. During this time and for many centuries to follow, it was commonplace to kill any animal or human who showed symptoms of the disease....   [tags: health, infectious disease]
:: 5 Works Cited
1081 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Human Papillomavirus: The Nation’s Vaccine Preventable Epidemic - The human papillomavirus (HPV) is currently the most widely spread sexually transmitted disease in the United States, per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. There are over one hundred different types of HPV known at this time, over forty of which can be sexually transmitted. Nearly all sexually active men and women are exposed to HPV at some point in their lives. Lifestyle choices such as risky sexual behavior, smoking and alcohol use increase one’s risk of contracting HPV. Additionally, infection with one type of HPV does not prevent infections with other types....   [tags: std, dna virus]
:: 4 Works Cited
911 words
(2.6 pages)
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Human Papilloma Virus Vaccine and Cervical Cancer - Human Papilloma Virus Vaccine and Cervical Cancer Introduction In Hong Kong, cervical cancer ranks tenth among the female cancers (Department of Health, 2013). Although there is a decreasing trend in both the incidence rate and mortality rate of cervical cancer, recent statistics released by the Department of Health (2013) reveal that there are still around 400 new cases of cervical cancer every year and accounts for 3.2 percent of the new cancer cases in 2010. Therefore, it is important for the public to understand more about the causes and possible preventions of cervical cancer....   [tags: mortality rate, prevention, health, Hong Kong]
:: 12 Works Cited
1788 words
(5.1 pages)
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2004 Influenza Vaccine Shortage - 2004 Influenza Vaccine Shortage Internal PR Action Plan MKT 438 November, 22, 2004 Abstract This year’s flu season is supposed to bring a strain of the virus with a severity unlike any other seen in previous years. This supposed new strain is a mutated, currently untreatable strain that is expected to be responsible for several deaths. The media has caused such a wide spread panic over the Influenza bug this year and then claimed that 48 million vaccines mysteriously became contaminated rendering the public virtually helpless against the attack of this new strain of flu....   [tags: essays research papers] 1401 words
(4 pages)
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Vaccine Testing - HIV Vaccine Testing in Africa The United Nations estimates that 5.8 million people per year become infected with the immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Ninety percent of these infections occur in sub- Saharan Africa, where infected persons do not have access to antiviral therapy. Approximately 2.4 million Africans died of AIDS in 2002, and 3.5 million occurred in the region. Where in the United States $12,000-$15,000 is usually spent on treating an HIV-infected person per year, only $6 is spent annually per person in Uganda....   [tags: essays research papers]
:: 2 Works Cited
1091 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Importance of Immunizations - As the years goes by, immunization has helped drastically reduce childhood infections. I will briefly explain the schedules of the immunizations and the route of each. The schedules of immunization changed and updated periodically as new vaccines become available or research indicates better methods for giving the vaccines. “The recommended immunization schedule is designed to protect infants and children early in life, when they are most vulnerable and before they are exposed to potentially life-threatening diseases.” Here are the schedules for the childhood and adolescent immunizations as of the 2013 schedule....   [tags: health, vaccine]
:: 4 Works Cited
1442 words
(4.1 pages)
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polio vaccine - Poliomyelitis (shortened to polio) has been around for thousands of years, and there is still no cure, but at the peak of its devastation in the United States, Dr. Jonas Salk introduced a way to prevent it. Polio attacks the nerve cells and sometimes the central nervous system, causing muscle wasting, paralysis, and even death. The disease, whose symptoms are flu like, stuck mostly children, and in the first half of the 20th century the epidemics of polio were becoming more devastating. Salk, while working at the Virus Research Lab at the University of Pittsburgh, developed a polio vaccine, and the medical trials to prove its effectiveness and safety are still being analyzed....   [tags: essays research papers] 617 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Importance of Immunizations - Immunizations have been created to keep children and adults safe and healthy. They are recommended to begin early in life when they are the most vulnerable and to keep them from being exposed to something life-threatening. You can find a schedule of immunizations relating to the age of the children by viewing the CDC website or asking your physicians office. Starting at birth the newborn will receive a list of vaccines. Hepatitis B vaccine is given once at birth and again twice more at 1 and 6 months old....   [tags: health, vaccine]
:: 18 Works Cited
1156 words
(3.3 pages)
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Tuberculosis Vaccine May Help Stop Multiple Sclerosis Development - ... Some of the first signs of multiple sclerosis are problems with vision, feelings of numbing in the body extremities, loss of hearing and balance. Close to one fourth of people who experience these symptoms go on to develop MS within three years, Ristori stated. The research study, which was printed Dec. 4 in the journal Neurology, included 73 people who suffered from these symptoms. 34 individuals received the tuberculosis vaccine and the remaining people in the group were given a placebo injection....   [tags: immune system, brain, placebo] 523 words
(1.5 pages)
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Cervical Cancer and The HPV Vaccine Controversy: Where are the men? Where is the money? - HPV Vaccination Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancerous death, in women, since 1950. Approximately 200,000 cervical cancer patients die each year in developing countries. Strains like HPV 16 and 18 cause about 70% of cervical cancer in women– one of the top causes of death in the world (WebMD, 2010, p.1). In the Unites States, about 10,000 women acquire the disease and 3,700 die annually Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is directly associated as a cause of cervical cancer. This virus affects the skin and genital area and, in some cases, it can also infect the throat and mouth....   [tags: HPV Vaccination and Gender] 1801 words
(5.1 pages)
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The Science, Technology, and Ethics of HIV Vaccine Research - The Science, Technology, and Ethics of HIV Vaccine Research An annual report recently released by the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS indicated that the number of HIV-infected individuals increased 10 percent in the last year, bringing the number of people worldwide who are now carrying the virus to over 33 million. According to the report, half of these new infections were in people15 to 24 years old, and there were 11 new infections a minute. Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly accounts for two thirds of the infected population and about 12 million AIDS related deaths....   [tags: AIDS Third World Countries Poverty Papers]
:: 8 Works Cited
4292 words
(12.3 pages)
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The Dynamics of the Dengue Fever Virus and the Creation of its Vaccine - The Dynamics of the Dengue Fever Virus and the Creation of its Vaccine Abstract: I investigated Dengue Fever and the dynamics of creating a drug or vaccine to cure it. After acquiring a basic knowledge of the virus I dove into various topics including variants on the virus such as Dengue Shock Syndrome and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever. Then I looked into the molecular structure of the disease’s proteins and how their shape relates to how it can be treated by drugs. Professor Tantillo’s lectures about drug design, including pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and ADMET (Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism, Excretion, Toxicity) connected the concepts of protein molecular structure and effective...   [tags: Medical Biology Dengue Fever Virus]
:: 2 Works Cited
1301 words
(3.7 pages)
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Immunological Cures for Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 - The focus for finding an immunological cure for diabetes mellitus type 1 should be directed to prevent maturation or cause inactivation of autoreactive T cells to halt the destruction of insulin-producing beta cells. Inactivation of the autoreactive T cells can be accomplished in two ways. First, antigen presenting cells, such as dendritic cells, that present auto antigens can be modified to prevent maturation or expression of co-stimulatory receptor. Secondly, the T cell can remain in the naïve state or be inactivated after activation by an antigen presenting cell....   [tags: Health, Self Vaccine]
:: 6 Works Cited
1126 words
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The Higher Education Debate - Higher education debate is a controversial and hot topic for politicians in the United States due to the price associated with higher education in the country. State lawmakers regularly worry about the rising cost of attaining a college degree, and lowering the debt burden to the student. Consequently these issues have been turned into a talking point during the presidential campaign trail. The pressure on the amount of tuition paid has not only been seen from the government but also from the families, which have shown reluctance in paying the high tuition fees....   [tags: College Degree, Influenza Vaccine]
:: 4 Works Cited
934 words
(2.7 pages)
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Vaccinations Should Be Required - Imagine two children; one who has been completely vaccinated, and the other has never been vaccinated. Both children fall ill from the same virus, but the child who had been vaccinated fully recovers, while the child who was not passes away due to complications. That child’s life could have been saved if the child received the proper vaccinations. Ever since the invention of the Smallpox vaccine more than two centuries ago, there has been an abundance of controversy over the morality, ethics, effectiveness, and safety of vaccinations and immunizations....   [tags: complications, smallpox vaccine, ]
:: 6 Works Cited
1098 words
(3.1 pages)
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History of Pandemic Flu - In 2009 the World Health Organization released a statement that the world is in a post-pandemic state for H5N1. This is very interesting news so I thought why not go through the history of the flu and see how bad the pandemic could get this is what I found. So H5N1 is highly pathogenic bird flu. It is caused by very serious outbreaks in domestic poultry. It occurs mostly in the Middle East and Asia. There is more than one type of H5N1, one is avian and one is swine. With avian there are little to none human accounts of contracting the disease but since 2003 there has been six-hundred-fifty cases in fifteen countries....   [tags: HRN1, vaccine, bubonic plague]
:: 3 Works Cited
923 words
(2.6 pages)
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Influenza Virus - Influenza is one of the viruses that spread very fast and impacts a lot of people around the globe. At any given year, 20% of the population in the United States is expected to develop influenza pandemic (Palese and García-Sastre, 2002). In the US alone, there are more than 30,000 deaths a year just from influenza (Yang et al., 2013). Influenza virus is from the family Orthomyxoviridae with two main strains: Influenza A and B are the most common once to cause disease in human and they can be both circulating at the same time (Samji, 2009)....   [tags: pandemic, vaccine]
:: 6 Works Cited
1127 words
(3.2 pages)
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IL-2 and IL-4 Produced upon Vaccination Results in Humoral Response and Predicts Vaccine Effectiveness - Vaccination is used to prevent or to improve immunity to various diseases. The main purpose of vaccine use is to induce immune response in individuals. Different techniques to assess vaccines focus on antibody response. The issue is that antibody based vaccine assessment does not show whole picture and might not be accurate. Cytokine assays testing IL-2, IL-4, TNF-α, and IFN-γ levels might be more potent for vaccine assessment. The goal of the proposal is to create IL-2 and IL-4 based cytokine assays, which will predict vaccine potency depending on its concentration during immunity development....   [tags: medicine, health, immunity]
:: 8 Works Cited
1707 words
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Wild Horse Management - PZP works by affecting the immune system of the mare. Most female mammals have a membrane surrounding her eggs called the zona pellucida. On the zona pellucida there are multiple glycoprotein receptors known as ZP3 receptors. Sperm normally attach themselves to these receptors, initiating fertilization. After a female horse is vaccinated with the porcine zona pellucid vaccine, her immune system is activated and starts producing antibodies from the vaccine. These antibodies then attach themselves to the ZP3 receptors, disrupting the shape of the receptor....   [tags: mare, vaccine, zona pellucida]
:: 11 Works Cited
1578 words
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Role of Smallpox Vaccine in the Prevention and Treatment of Variola major and Variola minor - Role of Smallpox Vaccine in the Prevention and Treatment of Variola major and Variola minor Smallpox has claimed the lives of many ever since the Middle Ages. However, it has now been eradicated due in part to a very effective vaccine. The vaccine has saved the lives of thousands and has eradicated the disease in the history of man kind. This miracle vaccine can greatly diminish the effects variola and even stop the disease from becoming fatal. The vaccine is also the only known way to fight the smallpox, and until an antiviral agent is found, it will be humanity’s only defense against this deadly and devastating disease....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical]
:: 4 Works Cited
1164 words
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History and Causes of Smallpox - Introduction Smallpox is a viral disease that causes pus-filled boils on the dermis. It looks similar to chickenpox, but has certain characteristic differences. Unlike chickenpox, smallpox is lethal in 30% of the cases and leaves the victim with disfiguring scars and/or blindness. Smallpox has now been eradicated through aggressive vaccination. The last case was reported in Somalia in the late 1970’s. After 2 years of worldwide surveillance, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that the disease had been eradicated....   [tags: chickenpox, variola virus, smallpox vaccine]
:: 4 Works Cited
865 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Development of the Tuberculosis Vaccine - Introduction: Mycobacterium tuberculosis is one of the leading causes of mortality in all over the world. The infection caused by M. tuberculosis is commonly known as tuberculosis or TB. According to a CDC report, in 2012, approximately nine million patients were infected globally with TB and the fatality was around 1.3 million1. It is estimated that nearly one third of the global population is infected with TB. M. tuberculosis was first described by Robert Koch in the year 1882 as the “tubercle bacillus”....   [tags: medicine, health, research]
:: 27 Works Cited
1804 words
(5.2 pages)
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Vaccines Do Not Cause Autism - Vaccines have been used to prevent diseases for centuries, and have saved countless lives of children and adults. The smallpox vaccine was invented as early as 1796, and since then the use of vaccines has continued to protect us from countless life threatening diseases such as polio, measles, and pertussis. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2010) assures that vaccines are extensively tested by scientist to make sure they are effective and safe, and must receive the approval of the Food and Drug Administration before being used....   [tags: Vaccines ]
:: 9 Works Cited
3078 words
(8.8 pages)
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The Flu Shot Should Not Be Mandatory - Should the Flu Shot Be Mandatory. Vaccines have been proclaimed by many people as one of the miracles of modern medicine. Vaccines are credited with saving thousands of lives and wiping out many contagious diseases. Recently, there has been a tremendous debate whether annual influenza vaccines should be mandatory. Influenza vaccines should be voluntary because people have the right to examine data on vaccinations and make their own informed decisions. Although people should have the freedom to choose to be vaccinated, the public needs to be educated about the personal, economical, and social benefits of receiving the influenza vaccine....   [tags: Influenza Vaccine Papers]
:: 3 Works Cited
1095 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Vaccination Controversy - ANA CEO and nurse Myrtle Aydelotte once said, “Nursing encompasses an art, a humanistic orientation, a feeling for the value of the individual, and an intuitive sense of ethics, and of the appropriateness of action taken”.1 In preparing to develop my own nursing practice, I find this statement to be invaluable. It is this philosophy which has guided my educational and experiential journey from scientific evidence and statistics alone, to include patient relationship and ethical understanding. My first exposure to the “Vaccine Controversy” occurred in my biology undergraduate....   [tags: nursing, vaccine controversy, informed consent]
:: 18 Works Cited
2233 words
(6.4 pages)
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Straight Talk about Vaccination - A vaccine is a substance that is usually injected into a person or animal to protect against disease (Merriam-Webster Dictionary). Vaccines help to protect children from multiple diseases; these diseases range from the chicken pox to polio. Vaccines are essential to the control of disease and death. Vaccines help to prevent the diseases from becoming an epidemic throughout the world, by diminishing the amount of contagious diseases. In the year 1900, the number one disease that cause death was Influenza also known as the Flu....   [tags: vaccine, control, disease, life saving, death]
:: 16 Works Cited
1444 words
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Jonas Salk - Jonas Salk: Savior of the World Polio is an unknown disease to most people under the age of 20, possibly even under 30, especially if they live in the United States. Polio used to cause fear in the hearts of most people in the mid 1950s. Fast-forward to today and this disease is essentially eradicated in the world. Dr. Jonas Salk is credited with developing the vaccine to prevent this disease. THESIS: The Salk injection vaccine was used for several years until it was replaced by the Sabin oral vaccine, however, as times change it is The actual name of the disease is poliomyelitis (Reis, 3)....   [tags: Polio, Vaccine, Biography]
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Malaria Vaccine Development - Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite that lives both in mosquitoes and humans; Wikipedia defines malaria as a mosquito-borne infectious disease caused by a eukaryotic protist of the genus Plasmodium. It is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions, including parts of the Americas, Asia, and Africa. However malaria to me is a nightmare, it is scary as hell, very frustrating and intimidating disease that puts you down. In my village malaria is a disease that is common during rainy season due to presence of stagnant water which is a breeding ground for mosquitoes....   [tags: Symptoms, History, Illness]
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Anthrax Prevention - Missing Works Cited Aside from treatments of the disease, there is also another way to fight anthrax: an anthrax vaccine. For some time now, a vaccine to protect animals from anthrax has been available. It wasn’t until “…1970, when a human vaccine was licensed called Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed (AVA)” (Joellenbeck). It was licensed for workers at high risk for occupational exposure to anthrax. The vaccine is “…a cell-free filtrate containing protective antigen as the principal immunogen” (Joellenbeck)....   [tags: Anthrax Vaccine] 809 words
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Austism and Vaccines - Every year, tens of thousands Americans die from the seasonal flu alone. This alarming statistic is what led the United States government to urge the country to vaccinate themselves, as well as their children every November, when the flu season is fast approaching. Though countless Americans do follow the government’s plea, many others insist that these vaccines distributed every year (as well as other year-long vaccines) contain an abnormally high amount of thimerosal, (a mercury-based chemical in vaccines designed to prevent the growth of bacteria) which could eventually lead to autism....   [tags: autism, vaccines, ] 632 words
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Cholera Symptoms, Causes, Vaccine, Treatment and History - Produced by the bacteria, vibrio cholerae that creates a toxin that affects the absorption of water in the small intestine, Cholera is an infectious disease. The majority of the bacteria is wiped out by gastric acid when ingested, while the surviving bacteria settle in the small intestine and begin making the toxin that produces the symptoms of Cholera. The toxin created by the bacteria, Vibrio Cholerae, is a exotoxin. Vibrio Cholerae is a member of the Vibrionaceae family of curved gram-negative rods....   [tags: health, bacteria, vibrio cholerae]
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Vaccines Are Not the Cause of Autism - For recurrent generations, there encompasses numerous controversies surrounding vaccinations for children in addition to the unfavorable reactions that may arise. The chief concerns are whether vaccinating causes serious developmental delays such as autism in children. The aim of this composition is to enlighten others that vaccinating children does not bring about autism. By means of scientific exploration along with advanced medical diagnosis in children, researchers currently recognize that the increase in autism claims are not vaccine linked....   [tags: vaccines, diseases, vacinations]
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The Dilemma of Artificial Immunity: Vaccines - On the 28th of February 1998 British gastroenterologists, Dr. Andrew Wakefield, published a paper declaring correlations between vaccines and severe developmental disorders in children (Gerber & Offit, 2009, p. 456). Although Dr. Wakefield’s study has since then been found to be flawed, his research started a highly controversial debate between artificial and natural immunity. The reality is that we still do not know all the potential short and long-term effects vaccines may have on us. Do the side effects they pose out weighing their benefits....   [tags: Vaccines, Prevention, Disease]
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Vaccinations: Vaccines Should Be Mandatory For All People - Vaccinations are designed to help people go through their everyday life. A country doctor, Edward Jenner, who lived in Berkeley, England, first administered vaccines in 1796 (Health Affairs). Throughout history, vaccinations have become better to where they are safer for the human body. Everyone should get vaccinated against certain disease to stay healthy. Vaccines have been proven to make people immune to serious diseases (Childhood Immunization). By being vaccinated the person is not only helping themselves but others around them too....   [tags: Edward Jenner, childhood vaccines]
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Vaccines: Choosing What Goes Into Your Veins - Do you remember going or taking your child to the pediatrician office for booster shots. Do you remember getting a flu shot or chicken pox shot. Do you remember how sore your arm felt. How nervous, you felt. Scared, even. Were you one of the few who got sick after getting a shot. Did you expect to be immune to getting the flu after going for the shot, but still got the flu anyway. Were you one of the few who suffered severe complications because of the misinformation spread by the CDC , Center for Disease Control....   [tags: vaccination, vaccines, public health]
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Rabies Control - Rabies Control Rabies is widespread due to the lack of control, especially in third-world countries that obtain the virus usually through being bitten by the animals in the wild. Nevertheless, rabies cases overall has decreased compared to previous years due to increased restrictions that includes vaccinations and laws. This has made countries such as the United States and Great Britain average about only a couple of cases of rabies a year. Unfortunately, rabies will most likely remain as it is impossible to vaccinate every mammal and there are animals that can live successfully with the disease....   [tags: Disease Vaccine]
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The Vaccines for Children - Introduction Starting in late 1994, the Vaccines for Children (VFC) program is a major privilege program that provides states with free vaccines for disadvantaged children. These vaccines are supplied by clinics and doctors that essentially register for the VFC program. By providers registering for the program, these clinics and doctors’ offices must conform to certain standards set by VFC as well as the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) (Richard Kent Zimmerman, 2001). Overview of the program The Vaccines for Children (VFC) Program helps providing the appropriate vaccines to children whose parents or caregiver may not necessarily be able to afford or maintain appropriate he...   [tags: Health, prevention, children]
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2500 words
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The Pharmaceutical Industry and the AIDS Crisis in Developing Countries - · Describe the nature of supplying drugs to emerging markets at an affordable price without undermining their profits · Research and analyse in depth the effectiveness of one proposed policy response to this issue. Introduction 1 2001 saw a flurry of events, as highlighted in the excepts of the case study, which caused an awareness by the international community of the inequality between rich and poor nations in the care and treatment of people living with HIV/AIDS. 2 Epitomized by the lawsuit against the South African government, the drug companies "want desperately to be seen helping fight the global AIDS crisis… but the companies also remain unwavering in their defense of patents, even i...   [tags: AIDS Vaccine Drugs Supply Demand] 1837 words
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The History of Vaccines - ... There are three main types of polio and these began to become a serious life problem. The first one is nonparalytic, which is mostly the safest type and does not resolve in paralysis. One develops flu like symptoms which can last up to ten days and are like other viral illnesses. Paralytic Polio is rare in the world, but leads to the most serious form of the disease as it leads to paralysis. The symptoms start out the same as they did in Nonparalytic, but within a week, one begins to have a loss of reflexes and also loose floppy limbs....   [tags: Edward Jenner, Ronald Ross]
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Benefits of Vaccines - The controversy concerning vaccination for children has been a debate for many parents. A vaccine is defined as a biological agent used to prevent very serious illnesses and diseases, such as smallpox, measles, influenza, tuberculosis, and hepatitis by injecting a weakened infectious organism into the human body. When vaccines are given, the human body produces antibodies against the foreign substance, thus creating a defense mechanism for immunity to occur. Parenting decisions based on vaccinations are a sensitive matter in a child’s life....   [tags: Parents Should Have Their Children Vaccinated]
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Vaccines Are Necessary - The most dangerous diseases of our nation have been more or less wiped out by extensive immunity. This widespread protection has been the result of vast vaccination. Like any respectable affair, there are bound to be individuals who disagree with common immunity. These critics base themselves off of fragile and fictitious studies, and then go further to spread their misled beliefs. Nevertheless, universal immunity has proved itself time and time again to be a proficient way to rid countries of disease and illness....   [tags: immune, unvaccinated children, health]
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Are Vaccines Really the Best Option? - Many parents choose to immunize their children, however there are till many parents who decide against it. The number of people who choose not to immunize is steadily increasing, and has been on the rise since the 1980's when evidence of vaccines causing harm came to light. Immunizations help to protect the vaccinated individual by injecting a harmlesss form of the germ into the body. This causes the body to build up antibodies against the disease without actually getting the disease itself....   [tags: immunization, antibodies, injection]
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The Benefits of Prolonging and Separating Vaccines - Parents today have many concerns for the well being of their child. One big apprehension is what vaccines are being introduced into their infant’s small bodies and the many adverse reactions they cause. In our current generation, infants are injected with up to 31 vaccines just in their first year of life (CDC, 2015). Life threatening diseases are prevented with such vaccines, but parents are often left to wonder, how many of these vaccines are even necessary. Many of the vaccines are given in combinations; sometimes three or more disease fighting vaccines are given in one inoculation....   [tags: Vaccination, Pros and Cons]
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Vaccines and the Prophylactic use of Antipyretics - Background Many parents express concern and worry over their child developing fever after receiving vaccines. Because of this, parents often choose to medicate their child with antipyretics in order to prevent this unpleasant side effect. According to Pedulla (2012), it was previously common practice by pediatric health care provides to recommend using an antipyretic prior to the administration of immunizations in order to reduce fever and discomfort experienced by the patient until a study done by Prymula and colleagues in 2009 showed evidence that these types of medications caused a decline in primary antibody response....   [tags: pediatric care, healthcare, medicine]
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Vaccines Should Be Required - Vaccines Should Be Required In the late 18th century smallpox became a deadly epidemic, and Dr. Edward Jenner knew something needed to be done. He created the smallpox vaccine which led to vaccines becoming a public health practice. Because of the medical advancements today, vaccines have become a much safer and reliable way to prevent many of the diseases that once killed thousands and parents should be required to vaccinate their children to protect them and children around them unless existing health conditions stand in the way....   [tags: smallpox, immune systems]
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Smallpox Treatment - Smallpox Treatment Smallpox has threatened our world for the past twelve thousand years. Treatments were desperately searched for until a cure called variolation was discovered. Variolation is the use of the virus placed into a being to which they will receive the illness to a lesser degree and overcome the illness forming an immunization to it. This process was started in China and went worldwide after Lady Montagu took the process from Turkey and informed the British about it....   [tags: Vaccination Vaccine Variolation]
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Should Vaccines Be Mandatory? - Health care is complex and ever changing. What makes perfect sense for one individual may bring deep-seated ethical issues for another individual. With the vast amount of possibilities expanding through research, ethical dilemmas develop and complicate the decisions we need to make for ourselves and loved ones. The varied choices regarding cancer vaccines, fraud and euthanasia will be explored. Cancer Vaccines The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer demonstrates a parade of polarizing ethical issues of today, but the topic of mandatory cervical cancer vaccines particularly caught my attention....   [tags: herd immunity, fraud, euthanisia]
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Vaccines: The Best Choice for Our Children? - There has long been a debate about whether or not parents should take part in the recommended vaccination schedule for their children. Many parents worry about what they do not know about the vaccines. This can include concepts such as what is in the vaccine and how the vaccines themselves, or giving multiple vaccines within a short span of time, affects their children. How combination vaccines such as DTAP and MMRV affect their children’s immune systems or other body systems could be another worry of parents....   [tags: smallpox, infectious disease]
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Influenza Vaccines - Influenza is an infectious illness that can be spread from one individual to the next. It can be transmitted by means of saliva, nasal secretions, feces and blood. It can also be spread by coming in contact with the virus on contaminated surfaces. Influenza is responsible for an average of 36,000 deaths and for more than 226,000 hospitalizations each year in the United States. (Davidson, 2007-2009, Davis, 2007). It is my goal for this paper to explain how flu vaccines are made, how long it takes to create the vaccines, and when they will be ready for distribution for the upcoming flu season....   [tags: Immunology]
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Influenza Vaccines - Influenza is an infectious illness that can be spread from one individual to the next. It can be transmitted by means of saliva, nasal secretions, feces and blood. It can also be spread by coming in contact with the virus on contaminated surfaces. Influenza is responsible for an average of 36,000 deaths and for more than 226,000 hospitalizations each year in the United States. (Davidson, 2007-2009, Davis, 2007). Influenza viruses are divided into three classes. These are A, B, and C. Influenza A and B are blamed for the increases in hospitalization and deaths each year....   [tags: Disease ]
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History of Vaccines: Poliomyelitis - I. Causative agents Polio (also called poliomyelitis) is a highly contagious disease that is caused by a virus that attacks the nervous system. Children younger than five years old are more likely to get this virus than any other age group. The symptoms of polio are rarely seen. There are different kinds of polio and each one of them has different symptoms. Non-paralytic polio symptoms last only for about two days to a week and include: fever, sore throat, headache, vomiting, fatigue, problem swallowing/breathing, and spasms....   [tags: poliomyelitits, contagious disease, nervous system]
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West Nile Virus Vaccines - This first discovered virus was identified in 1937 in Uganda in eastern Africa named West Nile Virus. West Nile virus is a single stranded RNA virus that lies within the family of flavivrus, which is part of the Japanese encephalitis antigenic complex of viruses. It is found in both tropical and temperate regions. It is known to infect vertebrates and certain insects. The most common route in which it infects humans is through the bite of an infected mosquito. West Nile Virus hit the United States the summer of 1999 in New York....   [tags: Disease]
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Reasons of why Vaccines are our Future - Why are parents not vaccinating their children against preventable diseases. Many infants and children are dying around the world due to preventable diseases. The parents of children in underdeveloped nations of the world are in need of vaccines. Vaccines are sent to these locations to help the people thrive. However, in the United States it is a different version, where parents demand their children not to be vaccinated. Vaccines are readily available to people, yet they refuse for many different reasons....   [tags: smallpox,autism, vaccination]
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Influenza Vaccines - Influenza is a major cause of worldwide morbidity and mortality every year, although Influenza Vaccines (i.e., flu shots) is a effective way to decrease the chance of morbidity and mortality caused by influenza. Therefore, it is important to know the reason for non-vaccination, and find the methods to increase the coverage rate of vaccination in population. A resent study done by Chinese researchers indicates a low vaccination rate, which is just 16.7%, in year 2010/2011 of Beijing, and the same situation in five European courtiers ....   [tags: flue shots, vaccination, infection]
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Edward Jenner and the Discovery of Vaccines - Edward Jenner and the Discovery of Vaccines Edward Jenner (1749-1823) trained in London, under John Hunter, and was an army surgeon for a period of time. After that, he spent his whole career as a country doctor in his home county, Gloucestershire (West of England). His research was based on careful case studies and clinical observation more than a hundred years before scientists could explain what viruses and diseases actually were. His innovative new method was successful to such an extent that by 1840 the British government had banned alternative preventive treatments against smallpox....   [tags: Papers] 764 words
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Meningococcal Disease Treatments and Vaccines - Meningococcal Disease Treatments and Vaccines Meningococcal disease is a large concern in the medical field because it is unbiased towards the patients it infects. There has been limited success in trying to eliminate this disease. Antibiotics play a role in helping to treat patients with bacterial meningitis, and steroids have been tested to help reduce risk factors. Prevention has also become a key issue because meningitis can only be spread through direct contact with infected body fluid. The best prevention is to maintain clean hygiene....   [tags: Bacterial Meningitis]
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Presentation on DNA Vaccines - Vaccines • Vaccines are “one of the greatest achievements of modern medicine” • In developed nations, vaccines have almost exterminated polio and smallpox and tightly controlled diseases like hepatitis A and B or typhus • There are three generations of vaccinations • First generation vaccines are either weakened or killed forms of whole organisms • There is a problem with first-gen vaccines: the pathogens can still revert to dangerous forms and cause diseases in immunocompromised vaccine recipients....   [tags: Powerpoint Presentation] 1527 words
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