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Your search returned over 400 essays for "vaccine"
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Public Health Concerns with the Human Papillomavirus Vaccine - Sexuality is an essential part of being a human being. Passionate emotions such as love, affection and sexual intimacy contribute to our overall well being and our healthy relationships. However, with these positive aspects of human sexuality, there are also several illness and unintended consequences that can severely affect our sexual health. With the incidence rate for the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) on the rise, it is important to address the public health concerns that are associated with disease....   [tags: Health, Vaccine, Sexuality]
:: 12 Works Cited
1671 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Vaccine War - ... What would you do when coming talking to another parent that didn’t believe in vaccination. Would you warn them of the harm of what they are doing to their children. What about the harm of your society. Even if your child is vaccinated, could your child possibly take the risk of getting infected also. These are the things doctors question and parents of vaccinated children do not understand. This explains the theory of why parents choose the non-vaccinated route for their children’s lives and explains it why it’s a social issue and not just a personal choice....   [tags: Vaccines, Film Analysis, Social Issue]
:: 1 Works Cited
942 words
(2.7 pages)
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Anti-Vaccine Movement: An Ongoing Battle - Anti-Vaccine Movement: An Ongoing Battle Should children’s health be at risk for the greater good of community health. The news today is full of tragic stories about complications of vaccine use and there have been injuries from the beginning of vaccine use due to incomplete data on the side effects. The injuries have also brought about changes in the way vaccines are manufactured. The Georgia State Government requires citizens to receive vaccines in order to attend day care, go to school, and work at certain jobs and each state has its own mandates as well....   [tags: Community Health, Vaccines]
:: 5 Works Cited
1288 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Vaccine War - Through the rise of technological advances in medicine, the vaccine has changed the world for the greater good of the human race. Making a great triumph and virtually eliminating an array of life-threatening diseases, from smallpox to diphtheria, thus adding approximately thirty years to many humans’ life spans. Although, a new complication has arisen, possibly linking neurological digression with this rise of new vaccines. Such a digression has forced parents to exempt their children from receiving vaccinations and brought forth mental anguish affecting the minds of many....   [tags: Medical Ethics ]
:: 3 Works Cited
1168 words
(3.3 pages)
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An Evaluation of the Seasonal Influenza Vaccine - ... On top of concerns regarding effectiveness, the potential for side effects and allergies from the vaccine concern critics; though a legitimate concern, doctors can predict most allergies, and side effects occur rarely and mildly. The most well-known side effects of the flu, Guillain-Barre Syndrome, prompts paralysis in its victims for a certain period of time and may result in death. Yet, in its most severe outbreak related to the flu in 1976, it affected around six in 1,000,000 vaccine recipients (Kwok 437)....   [tags: allergic reactions, the flu, influenza virus]
:: 8 Works Cited
1760 words
(5 pages)
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The Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiative - THE CANADIAN HIV VACCINE INITIATIVE Description- The Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiative is a Canada based body, which works for the progress of HIV vaccines and testing method, at a global level. Though this organization was established by the Ministry of Canada, it involves enough cooperation and interactivity from other international organizations too. ________________________________________________________________________ Keywords- Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiative, Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiatives, CHVI, Canadian Ministry HIV Vaccine Initiative, Initiatives by Canada towards AIDS, Canada Ministry’s initiatives for AIDS, HIV in Canada, Canada fighting HIV, Goals of the Canadian HIV Vaccine I...   [tags: Health Care] 736 words
(2.1 pages)
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Weighing the Benefits of the Gardasil Vaccine - Many parents would take interest in a vaccine that promises protection against the second most common form of cancer found in women each year. Especially when 11,000 women will become diagnosed with cervical cancer each year, and 3,700 of those women will die as a result. Gardasil is a vaccine given in a series of three shots to girls ranging from nine to 26 years of age. Those three shots offer protection against four different strains of the human papilloma virus, which causes cervical cancer....   [tags: Cancer Preventon, Side Effects] 1007 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Global Vaccine and Therapeutic Industry - ... However, Ribavarin’s effectiveness is questionable and costly that limits its usage to a short duration (Empey et al., 2010). The challenge to achieve a “safe and effective licensed vaccine/drug” remains despite the continual investment and effort (Anderson et al., 2013, p.210). According to World Health Organization (WHO, 2014), there are no licensed vaccines or effective therapeutics available for DENV. The organization facilitates the vaccine/therapeutic development effort against DENV as this is a high priority for both government research institutions and biopharma industry (WHO, 2014)....   [tags: immunogenicity and serology testing]
:: 16 Works Cited
1756 words
(5 pages)
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Vaccine - This research paper consists of varying information coming from four published articles found on the internet related to whether the MMR vaccine causes Autism in children or not. According to the article MMR Vaccine (2010) in Black's Medical Dictionary, 42nd Edition there have been several studies and experiments performed and until this day, there is no direct link between the MMR Vaccine and Autism. Other researchers such as Robert M. Youngson (2004, 2005), who wrote in the Collins Dictionary of Medicine that: “No association has been demonstrated between autism and the use of the MMR vaccine.” (Youngson, 2004) An editorial by Stephen I....   [tags: Medicine, Autism] 1558 words
(4.5 pages)
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The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine - The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine The unforgettable story of vaccines is a story of triumph and controversy. The saddest part of the story is persistent ignorance and a lack of education, comingled with the personal need of some parents to explain away the problems of their children, have caused the controversy to arise. The good news is that the triumphant reality of vaccines as a whole is still the larger enduring legacy. The human papillomavirus vaccine is not an exception to this rule; in fact despite all the controversy surrounding the vaccine, it is one of medicine’s greatest lifesaving gifts to us....   [tags: HPV Cancer, Cervical Cancer]
:: 9 Works Cited
1596 words
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The Importance of the Influenza Vaccine - Illnesses have long haunted the human race. As long as these illnesses have existed, humans have developed ways to cure themselves, beginning with simple herbs and proceeding as far as vaccines and complex medicines. One cure that long eluded scientists was that of the influenza virus. Now, the influenza vaccine, or flu shot, saves thousands of lives a year and helps prevent serious complications resulting from influenza infection. At no time was a search for the cure for influenza more frantic than after the devastating effects of the pandemic of 1918....   [tags: Health Care]
:: 6 Works Cited
1503 words
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Hepatitis B Vaccine for Newborns - ... This means that your baby will have lower chances of suffering from liver damage or even death later in life, due to the infection. Although transmission of the virus is often associated with risky sexual behaviors and unsafe use of needles, many individuals who are affected do neither of these. Babies may contract the disease during birth or during childhood, by being inclose contact from other infected individuals. The virus is very infectious, and among the 1.4 million US residents who have it, up to 30% of them acquired the infection during childhood....   [tags: liver, yellowing of eyes, tiredness]
:: 4 Works Cited
889 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Vaccine War: Media Theory - Synopsis After watching The Vaccine War, the main concerns of vaccines are public safety, the aftermath of injecting harmful chemicals into ones’ body and the parents that choose not to vaccinate their children. In the beginning of the documentary, a mother, Jennifer Margulis, states she felt like it was not needed for her newborn child to be vaccinated for a sexual transmitted disease. She feels like the ingredients are scary for a young child to take in with an immature immune system. The other issue is a massive outbreak of disease that could have been prevented....   [tags: Public Safety, Cognitive Dissonance]
:: 1 Works Cited
936 words
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HPV Vaccine - The Human Papillomavirus is known to be just one of the few illnesses one can contract while having a sexual relationship with a person. The severity of the virus in the body may vary from getting genital warts to contracting cervical, vulva, vaginal and anus cancer in women; anus and penile cancer for men. Many pharmaceutical companies have been racing one another in concocting possible countermeasures in preventing people from contracting these very dangerous diseases. I personally have watched the news regarding updates on cures and vaccines, especially the debates by government officials about the credibility of these vaccines and how should it be distributed to the public....   [tags: Sexually Transmitted Diseases] 743 words
(2.1 pages)
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The Vaccine-Autism Controversy - ... Then, as their argumentative strategy the authors disprove all three hypotheses by discussing ecological studies, retrospective, observational studies, and cohort studies that have been conducted to show that vaccines are not the link to autism. By presenting the hypotheses and then disproving each of them with scientific studies, the authors’ argumentative strategies are extremely strong. When using science to back up an argument it makes readers more trusting to that side of the debate. On the contrary, Gerber and Offits do not provide any studies where a child developed autism shortly after getting vaccinated....   [tags: mitochondrial disorder, symptoms]
:: 2 Works Cited
1000 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Erradication of Poliomyelitis: Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV), and Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) - ... In order for an individual to be infected, the virus enters the body through mouth, infecting first the mucous membranes of the pharynx and intestinal tract (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, n.d.). Depending on the location of the virus’ duplication, a person may be asymptomatic or symptomatic. Symptomatic individuals experience one of three outcomes: mild poliomyelitis, non-paralytic poliomyelitis, or paralytic poliomyelitis. In both mild and non-paralytic cases the central nervous system is not affected, while in paralytic cases it is....   [tags: poliovirus, spinal cord]
:: 23 Works Cited
1077 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Polio Vaccine - The Polio Vaccine The discovery of the polio vaccine was an important medical and scientific breakthrough because it saved many lives since the 1950s. In the summer of 1916 the great polio epidemic struck the United states. By the 1950s hundreds of thousands of people had been struck by the poliomyelitis. The highest number of cases occurred in 1953 with over 50,000 people infected with the virus. When hygienic conditions were poor polio attacked infants. The disease was spread by contaminated water and contact with fecal contamination....   [tags: Papers] 1070 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Impact of the Tuberculosis Vaccine - The Impact of the Tuberculosis Vaccine Abstract Tuberculosis is one of the most infectious diseases in the world. With almost one third of the world infected with this virus, people are striving to help prevent the spread of this disease (NIAID, 2001). One prevention technique for tuberculosis is the BCG (Bacillus of Calmette and Guerin) vaccine. In the early twentieth century Calmette and Guerin worked together to isolate a strain of the disease creating the first BCG vaccine. Throughout the century the scientists improved the BCG vaccine and today there are several different strains of the vaccine available....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Disease TB]
:: 5 Works Cited :: 5 Sources Cited
1623 words
(4.6 pages)
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Hiv: The Search For A Vaccine - In 1985, over 10,000 cases of AIDS were reported worldwide (White and Fenner 1986). Just over a decade later, in 1998, the Global AIDS Policy Coalition estimated that 30.6 million people were infected with HIV worldwide. It has also been projected that by the year 2000, between 40 and 70 million adults will be infected with HIV (New Generation Vaccines 1997). Over 90% of all HIV-1 infected individuals live in developing nations: 50% in Southeast Asia and 40% in sub-Saharan Africa. However, even with all of these alarming statistics and projections, there is hope for the future of humanity....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 2 Works Cited :: 2 Sources Cited
1319 words
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The HPV Vaccine and Its Effect on Cancer Screening and Prevention - The HPV vaccine and its effect on cancer screening and prevention Introduction Human Papillomavirus(HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States, according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC) around 20 million people are infected with HPV and additional 6.2 million people are newly infected every year. According to National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2003-2004 among sexually active women (57% of 14 to 19 years and 97% of 20 to 59 years) HPV was highest prevalent in youngest age group (40% of 14-19 years and 50% of 20-24 years)....   [tags: HPV Cancer, Cervical Cancer] 1653 words
(4.7 pages)
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Designing Cancer Vaccine against Lung Cancer - Lung cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide both in men and women. It accounts for nearly 1.2 million deaths per year. Over the last few years many advances have been made in the field of surgery, chemotherapy and radiations for treating this deadly cancer but they are unlikely to result in cure. Lung cancer is associated with very bad prognosis. So there is a dire need of developing novel therapeutic vaccines for improving prognosis of this disease Cancer therapeutic vaccines are designed to regulate the host tumour interactions in order to shift the balance from tumour acceptance to tumour control....   [tags: Lung Cancer, Cause of Death, Treatments]
:: 12 Works Cited
1690 words
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Rabies Immune Globulin and The First Dose of Rabies Vaccine - Rabies is the oldest infectious disease that is spread between species. Historical evidence of rabies dates from about 2300 BC. The first written record of rabies is in the Eshnunna code (ca.1930 BC), which states that owners of rabid dogs with symptoms of rabies should take preventative measures to keep their dog away from others. If a person were to be bitten and later become ill or die, the owner would be fined heavily. During this time and for many centuries to follow, it was commonplace to kill any animal or human who showed symptoms of the disease....   [tags: health, infectious disease]
:: 5 Works Cited
1081 words
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The Human Papillomavirus: The Nation’s Vaccine Preventable Epidemic - ... The cellular changes of the high-risk forms of HPV can lead to cancer when left undetected or untreated (ACOG, 2010). Current Treatment Options - Prevention/Screening Currently there are two vaccines designed to help prevent HPV. Gardasil protects against HPV types 6, 11, 16, and 18. Gardasil is a three dose series given over six months. Cervarix protects against HPV types 16 and 18. It is also a series of three doses given over six months. These vaccines are approved to be administered to children as young as nine years of age up until age twenty-six....   [tags: std, dna virus]
:: 4 Works Cited
911 words
(2.6 pages)
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Human Papilloma Virus Vaccine and Cervical Cancer - Human Papilloma Virus Vaccine and Cervical Cancer Introduction In Hong Kong, cervical cancer ranks tenth among the female cancers (Department of Health, 2013). Although there is a decreasing trend in both the incidence rate and mortality rate of cervical cancer, recent statistics released by the Department of Health (2013) reveal that there are still around 400 new cases of cervical cancer every year and accounts for 3.2 percent of the new cancer cases in 2010. Therefore, it is important for the public to understand more about the causes and possible preventions of cervical cancer....   [tags: mortality rate, prevention, health, Hong Kong]
:: 12 Works Cited
1788 words
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2004 Influenza Vaccine Shortage - 2004 Influenza Vaccine Shortage Internal PR Action Plan MKT 438 November, 22, 2004 Abstract This year’s flu season is supposed to bring a strain of the virus with a severity unlike any other seen in previous years. This supposed new strain is a mutated, currently untreatable strain that is expected to be responsible for several deaths. The media has caused such a wide spread panic over the Influenza bug this year and then claimed that 48 million vaccines mysteriously became contaminated rendering the public virtually helpless against the attack of this new strain of flu....   [tags: essays research papers] 1401 words
(4 pages)
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Vaccine Testing - HIV Vaccine Testing in Africa The United Nations estimates that 5.8 million people per year become infected with the immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Ninety percent of these infections occur in sub- Saharan Africa, where infected persons do not have access to antiviral therapy. Approximately 2.4 million Africans died of AIDS in 2002, and 3.5 million occurred in the region. Where in the United States $12,000-$15,000 is usually spent on treating an HIV-infected person per year, only $6 is spent annually per person in Uganda....   [tags: essays research papers]
:: 2 Works Cited :: 2 Sources Cited
1091 words
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polio vaccine - Poliomyelitis (shortened to polio) has been around for thousands of years, and there is still no cure, but at the peak of its devastation in the United States, Dr. Jonas Salk introduced a way to prevent it. Polio attacks the nerve cells and sometimes the central nervous system, causing muscle wasting, paralysis, and even death. The disease, whose symptoms are flu like, stuck mostly children, and in the first half of the 20th century the epidemics of polio were becoming more devastating. Salk, while working at the Virus Research Lab at the University of Pittsburgh, developed a polio vaccine, and the medical trials to prove its effectiveness and safety are still being analyzed....   [tags: essays research papers] 617 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Importance of Immunizations - As the years goes by, immunization has helped drastically reduce childhood infections. I will briefly explain the schedules of the immunizations and the route of each. The schedules of immunization changed and updated periodically as new vaccines become available or research indicates better methods for giving the vaccines. “The recommended immunization schedule is designed to protect infants and children early in life, when they are most vulnerable and before they are exposed to potentially life-threatening diseases.” Here are the schedules for the childhood and adolescent immunizations as of the 2013 schedule....   [tags: health, vaccine]
:: 4 Works Cited
1442 words
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The Importance of Immunizations - Immunizations have been created to keep children and adults safe and healthy. They are recommended to begin early in life when they are the most vulnerable and to keep them from being exposed to something life-threatening. You can find a schedule of immunizations relating to the age of the children by viewing the CDC website or asking your physicians office. Starting at birth the newborn will receive a list of vaccines. Hepatitis B vaccine is given once at birth and again twice more at 1 and 6 months old....   [tags: health, vaccine]
:: 18 Works Cited
1156 words
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The Science, Technology, and Ethics of HIV Vaccine Research - The Science, Technology, and Ethics of HIV Vaccine Research An annual report recently released by the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS indicated that the number of HIV-infected individuals increased 10 percent in the last year, bringing the number of people worldwide who are now carrying the virus to over 33 million. According to the report, half of these new infections were in people15 to 24 years old, and there were 11 new infections a minute. Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly accounts for two thirds of the infected population and about 12 million AIDS related deaths....   [tags: AIDS Third World Countries Poverty Papers]
:: 8 Works Cited :: 2 Sources Cited
4292 words
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The Dynamics of the Dengue Fever Virus and the Creation of its Vaccine - The Dynamics of the Dengue Fever Virus and the Creation of its Vaccine Abstract: I investigated Dengue Fever and the dynamics of creating a drug or vaccine to cure it. After acquiring a basic knowledge of the virus I dove into various topics including variants on the virus such as Dengue Shock Syndrome and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever. Then I looked into the molecular structure of the disease’s proteins and how their shape relates to how it can be treated by drugs. Professor Tantillo’s lectures about drug design, including pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and ADMET (Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism, Excretion, Toxicity) connected the concepts of protein molecular structure and effective...   [tags: Medical Biology Dengue Fever Virus]
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1301 words
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Immunological Cures for Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 - The focus for finding an immunological cure for diabetes mellitus type 1 should be directed to prevent maturation or cause inactivation of autoreactive T cells to halt the destruction of insulin-producing beta cells. Inactivation of the autoreactive T cells can be accomplished in two ways. First, antigen presenting cells, such as dendritic cells, that present auto antigens can be modified to prevent maturation or expression of co-stimulatory receptor. Secondly, the T cell can remain in the naïve state or be inactivated after activation by an antigen presenting cell....   [tags: Health, Self Vaccine]
:: 6 Works Cited
1126 words
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The Higher Education Debate - Higher education debate is a controversial and hot topic for politicians in the United States due to the price associated with higher education in the country. State lawmakers regularly worry about the rising cost of attaining a college degree, and lowering the debt burden to the student. Consequently these issues have been turned into a talking point during the presidential campaign trail. The pressure on the amount of tuition paid has not only been seen from the government but also from the families, which have shown reluctance in paying the high tuition fees....   [tags: College Degree, Influenza Vaccine]
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934 words
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Vaccinations Should Be Required - ... In all cases, vaccinating the child could be harmful to the child’s health. According to the History of Vaccinations currently, “Forty-eight states allow exemptions to vaccination for religious reasons” ( par. 10). Some states statutes indicate that to receive a religious exemption, a family must belong to a religious group with bonafide objections to vaccination. They may also ask a parent to attest that "immunization conflicts with a genuine and sincere religious belief and that the belief is in fact religious, and not based merely on philosophical, scientific, moral, personal, or medical opposition to immunizations" (par 6)....   [tags: complications, smallpox vaccine, ]
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1098 words
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Influenza Virus - ... The main target of the antibodies is the receptor binding areas of the HA to limit its ability to bind to the host cell (Pica and Palese, 2013). However, HA is not constant and it can evolve by the antigenic drift process so the vaccine will not be protective anymore as it will not match the antigenic corresponding to the pandemics (Yang et al., 2013). In 2009, when the H1N1 spread, the use of pervious vaccines didn’t stop the spread of the pandemics as there were a sufficient difference in the antigenic make up of the strain (Song et al., 2010)....   [tags: pandemic, vaccine]
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1127 words
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Wild Horse Management - ... The pellets are designed to be administered orally to the animal and absorbed by the body’s tissues. This will reduce the number of reactions that occur at the injection sites. Research trials are currently underway. (Eldridge et al. 1989). To gain the acceptance of wild horse immunocontraception management from the public, successful use must be demonstrated. People do not want to see the animal experiencing stress and hardship if there isn’t a benefit as an end result. Because wild horse herds widely rely on steady social order, additional stress from handling is a large concern....   [tags: mare, vaccine, zona pellucida]
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1578 words
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Role of Smallpox Vaccine in the Prevention and Treatment of Variola major and Variola minor - Role of Smallpox Vaccine in the Prevention and Treatment of Variola major and Variola minor Smallpox has claimed the lives of many ever since the Middle Ages. However, it has now been eradicated due in part to a very effective vaccine. The vaccine has saved the lives of thousands and has eradicated the disease in the history of man kind. This miracle vaccine can greatly diminish the effects variola and even stop the disease from becoming fatal. The vaccine is also the only known way to fight the smallpox, and until an antiviral agent is found, it will be humanity’s only defense against this deadly and devastating disease....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical]
:: 4 Works Cited :: 4 Sources Cited
1164 words
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History and Causes of Smallpox - ... As the fear of the disease grew, people resorted to the practice of variolation, which was the act of subcutaneous inoculation of the contents of a smallpox pustule into a non-infected person. However, variolation posed the risk of acquiring tuberculosis, syphilis and other blood borne diseases. It was only later when Edward Jenner developed the smallpox vaccine using the cowpox virus that eliminated the risk of infection through such blood borne diseases (Riedel, 21-24). Disease transmission Smallpox is transmitted via face-to-face contact and /or exchange of infected bodily fluids with the affected individual....   [tags: chickenpox, variola virus, smallpox vaccine]
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865 words
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Vaccines Do Not Cause Autism - ... But 3 million children's lives are saved every year by vaccination, and 2 million die every year from vaccine-preventable illnesses” (Raff, 2014). Raff also addresses the fact that the MMR vaccine doesn’t cause autism, and that thimerosal doesn’t cause autism either, in fact it hasn’t been used in most vaccines since 2001. Raff encourages parents to educate themselves on the issue and to read the scientific studies that have proved that vaccines don’t cause autism. The letter also points to the fact that Wakefield’s paper that claimed a link between vaccines and autism has been withdrawn and his medical licenses revoked....   [tags: Vaccines ]
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3078 words
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The Flu Shot Should Not Be Mandatory - Should the Flu Shot Be Mandatory. Vaccines have been proclaimed by many people as one of the miracles of modern medicine. Vaccines are credited with saving thousands of lives and wiping out many contagious diseases. Recently, there has been a tremendous debate whether annual influenza vaccines should be mandatory. Influenza vaccines should be voluntary because people have the right to examine data on vaccinations and make their own informed decisions. Although people should have the freedom to choose to be vaccinated, the public needs to be educated about the personal, economical, and social benefits of receiving the influenza vaccine....   [tags: Influenza Vaccine Papers]
:: 3 Works Cited :: 3 Sources Cited
1095 words
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The Vaccination Controversy - ANA CEO and nurse Myrtle Aydelotte once said, “Nursing encompasses an art, a humanistic orientation, a feeling for the value of the individual, and an intuitive sense of ethics, and of the appropriateness of action taken”.1 In preparing to develop my own nursing practice, I find this statement to be invaluable. It is this philosophy which has guided my educational and experiential journey from scientific evidence and statistics alone, to include patient relationship and ethical understanding. My first exposure to the “Vaccine Controversy” occurred in my biology undergraduate....   [tags: nursing, vaccine controversy, informed consent]
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2233 words
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Straight Talk about Vaccination - A vaccine is a substance that is usually injected into a person or animal to protect against disease (Merriam-Webster Dictionary). Vaccines help to protect children from multiple diseases; these diseases range from the chicken pox to polio. Vaccines are essential to the control of disease and death. Vaccines help to prevent the diseases from becoming an epidemic throughout the world, by diminishing the amount of contagious diseases. In the year 1900, the number one disease that cause death was Influenza also known as the Flu....   [tags: vaccine, control, disease, life saving, death]
:: 16 Works Cited
1444 words
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Jonas Salk - Jonas Salk: Savior of the World Polio is an unknown disease to most people under the age of 20, possibly even under 30, especially if they live in the United States. Polio used to cause fear in the hearts of most people in the mid 1950s. Fast-forward to today and this disease is essentially eradicated in the world. Dr. Jonas Salk is credited with developing the vaccine to prevent this disease. THESIS: The Salk injection vaccine was used for several years until it was replaced by the Sabin oral vaccine, however, as times change it is The actual name of the disease is poliomyelitis (Reis, 3)....   [tags: Polio, Vaccine, Biography]
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1644 words
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Malaria Vaccine Development - Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite that lives both in mosquitoes and humans; Wikipedia defines malaria as a mosquito-borne infectious disease caused by a eukaryotic protist of the genus Plasmodium. It is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions, including parts of the Americas, Asia, and Africa. However malaria to me is a nightmare, it is scary as hell, very frustrating and intimidating disease that puts you down. In my village malaria is a disease that is common during rainy season due to presence of stagnant water which is a breeding ground for mosquitoes....   [tags: Symptoms, History, Illness]
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1167 words
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Anthrax Prevention - Missing Works Cited Aside from treatments of the disease, there is also another way to fight anthrax: an anthrax vaccine. For some time now, a vaccine to protect animals from anthrax has been available. It wasn’t until “…1970, when a human vaccine was licensed called Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed (AVA)” (Joellenbeck). It was licensed for workers at high risk for occupational exposure to anthrax. The vaccine is “…a cell-free filtrate containing protective antigen as the principal immunogen” (Joellenbeck)....   [tags: Anthrax Vaccine] 809 words
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Austism and Vaccines - Every year, tens of thousands Americans die from the seasonal flu alone. This alarming statistic is what led the United States government to urge the country to vaccinate themselves, as well as their children every November, when the flu season is fast approaching. Though countless Americans do follow the government’s plea, many others insist that these vaccines distributed every year (as well as other year-long vaccines) contain an abnormally high amount of thimerosal, (a mercury-based chemical in vaccines designed to prevent the growth of bacteria) which could eventually lead to autism....   [tags: autism, vaccines, ] 632 words
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Cholera Symptoms, Causes, Vaccine, Treatment and History - Produced by the bacteria, vibrio cholerae that creates a toxin that affects the absorption of water in the small intestine, Cholera is an infectious disease. The majority of the bacteria is wiped out by gastric acid when ingested, while the surviving bacteria settle in the small intestine and begin making the toxin that produces the symptoms of Cholera. The toxin created by the bacteria, Vibrio Cholerae, is a exotoxin. Vibrio Cholerae is a member of the Vibrionaceae family of curved gram-negative rods....   [tags: health, bacteria, vibrio cholerae]
:: 8 Works Cited
1683 words
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Vaccines Are Not the Cause of Autism - For recurrent generations, there encompasses numerous controversies surrounding vaccinations for children in addition to the unfavorable reactions that may arise. The chief concerns are whether vaccinating causes serious developmental delays such as autism in children. The aim of this composition is to enlighten others that vaccinating children does not bring about autism. By means of scientific exploration along with advanced medical diagnosis in children, researchers currently recognize that the increase in autism claims are not vaccine linked....   [tags: vaccines, diseases, vacinations]
:: 5 Works Cited
620 words
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Vaccinations: Vaccines Should Be Mandatory For All People - ... People think that a natural infection often provides more complete immunity than a series of vaccinations but there’s a price to pay for natural immunity (Clinic Staff). Without a vaccine, a person must actually get a disease in order to become immune to the germ that caused it (Childhood Immunization). If someone doesn’t get vaccination against a disease then they will not only be harming themselves but others around him or her too. The common symptoms of receiving a vaccine is redness and swelling where the shot was given that will go away in a few days but the rare symptoms are bad allergic reactions which doesn’t happen often so there is nothing to worry about (Vaccine Side Effects/R...   [tags: Edward Jenner, childhood vaccines]
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Rabies Control - Rabies Control Rabies is widespread due to the lack of control, especially in third-world countries that obtain the virus usually through being bitten by the animals in the wild. Nevertheless, rabies cases overall has decreased compared to previous years due to increased restrictions that includes vaccinations and laws. This has made countries such as the United States and Great Britain average about only a couple of cases of rabies a year. Unfortunately, rabies will most likely remain as it is impossible to vaccinate every mammal and there are animals that can live successfully with the disease....   [tags: Disease Vaccine]
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The Vaccines for Children - Introduction Starting in late 1994, the Vaccines for Children (VFC) program is a major privilege program that provides states with free vaccines for disadvantaged children. These vaccines are supplied by clinics and doctors that essentially register for the VFC program. By providers registering for the program, these clinics and doctors’ offices must conform to certain standards set by VFC as well as the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) (Richard Kent Zimmerman, 2001). Overview of the program The Vaccines for Children (VFC) Program helps providing the appropriate vaccines to children whose parents or caregiver may not necessarily be able to afford or maintain appropriate he...   [tags: Health, prevention, children]
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2500 words
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The Pharmaceutical Industry and the AIDS Crisis in Developing Countries - · Describe the nature of supplying drugs to emerging markets at an affordable price without undermining their profits · Research and analyse in depth the effectiveness of one proposed policy response to this issue. Introduction 1 2001 saw a flurry of events, as highlighted in the excepts of the case study, which caused an awareness by the international community of the inequality between rich and poor nations in the care and treatment of people living with HIV/AIDS. 2 Epitomized by the lawsuit against the South African government, the drug companies "want desperately to be seen helping fight the global AIDS crisis… but the companies also remain unwavering in their defense of patents, even i...   [tags: AIDS Vaccine Drugs Supply Demand] 1837 words
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Benefits of Vaccines - The controversy concerning vaccination for children has been a debate for many parents. A vaccine is defined as a biological agent used to prevent very serious illnesses and diseases, such as smallpox, measles, influenza, tuberculosis, and hepatitis by injecting a weakened infectious organism into the human body. When vaccines are given, the human body produces antibodies against the foreign substance, thus creating a defense mechanism for immunity to occur. Parenting decisions based on vaccinations are a sensitive matter in a child’s life....   [tags: Parents Should Have Their Children Vaccinated]
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Vaccines Are Necessary - ... Besides the threat of unvaccinated children, the consequences of disease are far more hazardous than the risks of vaccination. Though the minor risks of vaccines are known by few, one and all are familiar with the dangers of diseases. Almost all diseases comprehended by man now have a miracle remedy: a vaccine. Without vaccines, though, each and every one of these diseases can permanently damage an individual’s body, or be fatal. These permanent damages can include liver problems, learning impediments, heart issues, and have been related to several cancers....   [tags: immune, unvaccinated children, health]
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Are Vaccines Really the Best Option? - ... Aside from the health defects thought to be caused by vaccines, what they actually contain is also a concern for many people. The idea of injecting a virus (whether living or dormant) in to your child's body may be enough to put any parent off of vaccinating. Especially when some children may actually experience minor symptoms of the virus itself due to the vaccine. But you may be surprised to find out that many vaccines actually contain thimerosal. Thimerosal is used as a preservative in many vaccines....   [tags: immunization, antibodies, injection]
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The Benefits of Prolonging and Separating Vaccines - Parents today have many concerns for the well being of their child. One big apprehension is what vaccines are being introduced into their infant’s small bodies and the many adverse reactions they cause. In our current generation, infants are injected with up to 31 vaccines just in their first year of life (CDC, 2015). Life threatening diseases are prevented with such vaccines, but parents are often left to wonder, how many of these vaccines are even necessary. Many of the vaccines are given in combinations; sometimes three or more disease fighting vaccines are given in one inoculation....   [tags: Vaccination, Pros and Cons]
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Vaccines and the Prophylactic use of Antipyretics - Background Many parents express concern and worry over their child developing fever after receiving vaccines. Because of this, parents often choose to medicate their child with antipyretics in order to prevent this unpleasant side effect. According to Pedulla (2012), it was previously common practice by pediatric health care provides to recommend using an antipyretic prior to the administration of immunizations in order to reduce fever and discomfort experienced by the patient until a study done by Prymula and colleagues in 2009 showed evidence that these types of medications caused a decline in primary antibody response....   [tags: pediatric care, healthcare, medicine]
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Vaccines Should Be Required - ... It would be better to risk the slight chance of a side effect, which can be treated or often times resolves on its own, then take the risk of the child contracting a disease that could be life threatening. While there is a small possibility of complications due to vaccinations not vaccinating your child because of the fear of adverse side effects would be much like not giving your child an antibiotic to treat an illness because of the same reason (Merino). In this situation the pros greatly outway the cons....   [tags: smallpox, immune systems]
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Smallpox Treatment - Smallpox Treatment Smallpox has threatened our world for the past twelve thousand years. Treatments were desperately searched for until a cure called variolation was discovered. Variolation is the use of the virus placed into a being to which they will receive the illness to a lesser degree and overcome the illness forming an immunization to it. This process was started in China and went worldwide after Lady Montagu took the process from Turkey and informed the British about it....   [tags: Vaccination Vaccine Variolation]
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Should Vaccines Be Mandatory? - ... This is, in short, a kind of social justice (Morrison, 2010). As for as how I will address this issue with my daughter, I feel the only ethical thing to do is to implement a kind of informed consent. Although legally her Father and I would be the one to consent or “opt out,” morally we have an obligation to explain to our daughter the risk and benefits of the vaccination. Because the vaccine is recommended for girls before sexual activity starts, I feel that would coincide with the time her Father and I have a responsibility to educate her on the reproductive system and STDs....   [tags: herd immunity, fraud, euthanisia]
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Vaccines: The Best Choice for Our Children? - ... These are a few of the many benefits of the vaccines available today. Despite the various benefits of vaccines, many parents continue to debate the safety and health cost versus benefit of several vaccines. One major topic that has been debated by many parents and researchers is the safety of the MMR vaccine and other combination vaccines that contain the MMR vaccine. One study, conducted by Nicola Klein and colleagues, found what they believe to be a link between the MMR and MMRV vaccines and an increased risk of febrile seizures (Klein et al., 2010)....   [tags: smallpox, infectious disease]
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Influenza Vaccines - Influenza is an infectious illness that can be spread from one individual to the next. It can be transmitted by means of saliva, nasal secretions, feces and blood. It can also be spread by coming in contact with the virus on contaminated surfaces. Influenza is responsible for an average of 36,000 deaths and for more than 226,000 hospitalizations each year in the United States. (Davidson, 2007-2009, Davis, 2007). Influenza viruses are divided into three classes. These are A, B, and C. Influenza A and B are blamed for the increases in hospitalization and deaths each year....   [tags: Disease ]
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Influenza Vaccines - Influenza is an infectious illness that can be spread from one individual to the next. It can be transmitted by means of saliva, nasal secretions, feces and blood. It can also be spread by coming in contact with the virus on contaminated surfaces. Influenza is responsible for an average of 36,000 deaths and for more than 226,000 hospitalizations each year in the United States. (Davidson, 2007-2009, Davis, 2007). It is my goal for this paper to explain how flu vaccines are made, how long it takes to create the vaccines, and when they will be ready for distribution for the upcoming flu season....   [tags: Immunology]
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History of Vaccines: Poliomyelitis - I. Causative agents Polio (also called poliomyelitis) is a highly contagious disease that is caused by a virus that attacks the nervous system. Children younger than five years old are more likely to get this virus than any other age group. The symptoms of polio are rarely seen. There are different kinds of polio and each one of them has different symptoms. Non-paralytic polio symptoms last only for about two days to a week and include: fever, sore throat, headache, vomiting, fatigue, problem swallowing/breathing, and spasms....   [tags: poliomyelitits, contagious disease, nervous system]
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West Nile Virus Vaccines - This first discovered virus was identified in 1937 in Uganda in eastern Africa named West Nile Virus. West Nile virus is a single stranded RNA virus that lies within the family of flavivrus, which is part of the Japanese encephalitis antigenic complex of viruses. It is found in both tropical and temperate regions. It is known to infect vertebrates and certain insects. The most common route in which it infects humans is through the bite of an infected mosquito. West Nile Virus hit the United States the summer of 1999 in New York....   [tags: Disease]
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Reasons of why Vaccines are our Future - ... The belief that vaccines caused autism was initiated by Dr. Andrew Wakefield. He conducted a study of twelve children whom their parents believed that the vaccine against measles, mumps and rubella gave them autism. Of course this information was published in a medical journal. When parents began to read the newly discovered information, vaccinations became the reason that the children were not normal. At that point children were not getting immunizations as they were before. Millions of dollars were then spent to verify the Wakefield study to ensure the safety of children in the world....   [tags: smallpox,autism, vaccination]
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Influenza Vaccines - ... Therefore, by traditional economics, the low rate of vaccination among well-educated people is caused by the considering of a smaller benefit than the cost. The low rate of vaccination makes sense in traditional economics, then how about the behavioural economics. I will discuss it from two concept, status quo bias and overconfidence effect("Think fast"). Status quo bias refers to the situation "in which people tend not to change an established behaviour unless the incentive to change is compelling" ....   [tags: flue shots, vaccination, infection]
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Edward Jenner and the Discovery of Vaccines - Edward Jenner and the Discovery of Vaccines Edward Jenner (1749-1823) trained in London, under John Hunter, and was an army surgeon for a period of time. After that, he spent his whole career as a country doctor in his home county, Gloucestershire (West of England). His research was based on careful case studies and clinical observation more than a hundred years before scientists could explain what viruses and diseases actually were. His innovative new method was successful to such an extent that by 1840 the British government had banned alternative preventive treatments against smallpox....   [tags: Papers] 764 words
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Meningococcal Disease Treatments and Vaccines - Meningococcal Disease Treatments and Vaccines Meningococcal disease is a large concern in the medical field because it is unbiased towards the patients it infects. There has been limited success in trying to eliminate this disease. Antibiotics play a role in helping to treat patients with bacterial meningitis, and steroids have been tested to help reduce risk factors. Prevention has also become a key issue because meningitis can only be spread through direct contact with infected body fluid. The best prevention is to maintain clean hygiene....   [tags: Bacterial Meningitis]
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Presentation on DNA Vaccines - Vaccines • Vaccines are “one of the greatest achievements of modern medicine” • In developed nations, vaccines have almost exterminated polio and smallpox and tightly controlled diseases like hepatitis A and B or typhus • There are three generations of vaccinations • First generation vaccines are either weakened or killed forms of whole organisms • There is a problem with first-gen vaccines: the pathogens can still revert to dangerous forms and cause diseases in immunocompromised vaccine recipients....   [tags: Powerpoint Presentation] 1527 words
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Parents Who Refuse Vaccines for Their Children: Why Is There an Uneasiness Around Vaccination? - ... After this first paper there was no real investigation into his findings until 2003, which gave ample time for panic to spread. Finally in 2003, the British General Medical Council revoked Wakefield’s medical license after a lengthy hearing, citing numerous ethical violations that tainted his work. Some of which were that he failed to disclose that he received financing from lawyers who were mounting a case against vaccine manufacturers. The Lancet, which published the original Wakefield paper, also retracted it, and issued an apology and an article that debunked Wakefield’s claims....   [tags: autism, intestinal inflamation, bloodstream]
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Edible Vaccines - Today eighty percent of infants are being vaccinated for diphtheria; pertussis (whooping cough), polio, measles, tetanus and tuberculosis (Landrige 2000). This percentage is up from about five percent in the mid-1970s; however, the death toll from these infections is roughly three million annually. Millions still die from infectious diseases for which immunizations are non-existent, unreliable, or too costly. Vaccines all function with the same idea in mind, priming the immune system to swiftly destroy specific disease-causing agents, or pathogens, before the agents can multiply enough to cause symptoms (Landrige 2000)....   [tags: Papers] 1600 words
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Vaccinating Children Should Be Mandatory - It used to be that vaccinations were considered a normal part of childhood, right along with loosing teeth and toilet training. However, in recent years vaccinations have become an extremely hot button issue, with many parents actually choosing not to vaccinate their children. The idea seems preposterous considering how many people were left with twisted backs, and withered limbs due to polio, or the amount of deaths as a result of measles. To see someone who has been left in an iron lung from a disease that is now preventable, and still choose not to prevent the disease seems absolutely asinine, and yet many parents are doing just that....   [tags: Vaccines Should Be Required] 1034 words
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Animal Testing is Vital to Medical Advances - Research is responsible for virtually all the medical breakthroughs there have been- there are medicines and vaccines and cures and treatments and more life saving benefits being developed today- but an important factor to the development of medical advances is the inclusion of animals in research. Virtually almost everyone alive has benefited from the medical advances made feasible through animal testing. According to my aunt Blanca, who is a mother of a child who was diagnosed with severe epilepsy says, “We should be thankful and supportive of animal testing” (Perez)....   [tags: vaccines, animal testing]
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Vaccinations: The Answer to Childhood Fatalities - ... This vaccine, which prevents mumps, measles, and rubella, was the basis of Wakefield's study. He had found that in eight out of twelve subjects the child had been diagnosed with autism shortly after receiving the MMR vaccination. This was reason enough to drive parents away. However, Wakefield's study was soon disproven. It was found fraudulent and the scientific community has disregarded the connection between vaccinations and autism. Despite this, Wakefield’s counterfeit work still circulates among the reasons to avoid vaccinations....   [tags: immunizations, vaccines, immune system]
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Vaccinations: Know the Risks and Failures - “Vaccinations are causing a major upsurge in childhood diseases, adult maladies, and even deadly ailments such as Gulf War Syndrome and Lou Gehrig’s disease” (Blaylock). Every now and then an individual’s doctor calls telling them about the latest vaccine they should receive. The person immediately schedules a time to come in and get it done. But do they even give a second thought about it. Have they ever thought that maybe they do not need another vaccination. Many people have not taken the time to seriously think about the process of immunization....   [tags: Anti-Vaccination, Vaccines and Autism]
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Vibrio cholerae, the Human Immune System, and Vaccines - Vibrio cholerae, the Human Immune System, and Vaccines Cholera remains a drastically severe disease, killing hundreds of people each outbreak. When ingested, it attaches to the mucosal lining of the intestines and disrupts the normal flow of ions so that there is more sodium, chloride, and water in the intestinal lumen than normal and results in massive diarrhea. Cholera has made a global impact and been endemic in almost all parts of the world. Cholera control strongly emphasizes sanitation, clean drinking water, isolation, and careful food preparation....   [tags: Cholera]
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Vaccination Impact Throughout History - ... Being forced to do something that one does not believe to be right, is an infringement on the individual rights granted to us by the Constitution. Parents should be given the option to protect their children from anything that might be believed harmful. With states have varying requirements to receive a philosophical exemption; parents often have to go through a lengthy bureaucratic procedure before they can exempt their children from receiving vaccinations. Requirements could include the writing of a convincing letter explaining the opposition to mandatory vaccinations, obtaining a notarized letter from a health official, going through an annual review process, and counseling on the med...   [tags: public hygiene, sanitation, vaccines]
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Role of Toll-like receptors in detecting Flaviviruses - Since the beginning of time, man has been in a constant battle with a foe that is smaller than the smallest cell on earth, viruses. Viruses have caused many epidemics throughout history and the fight continues today. There are many families of viruses, but one has shown to be especially infective in humans. The family I speak of is the genus Flavivridea, which is the family of flaviviruses. The first flavivirus to be identified was yellow fever. Flavi in latin means yellow, which is where the family name comes from....   [tags: Developing Vaccines, Dengue Virus]
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Medical Research with Animals Saves Lives - What would the world be like if there was no vaccine for polio. If there was no discovery of insulin. Thanks to animal research we don’t have to live without vaccines or insulin. Animal research is a topic debated everyday around the world. Some argue it is cruel to put animals through experiments that animals have no voice in what is being done to them. Others argue that animal testing is good because it collects a lot of information and helps with surgical techniques. I believe that without animal testing we would never know what we know now....   [tags: Vaccines, Testing Regulations]
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