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Public Health Concerns with the Human Papillomavirus Vaccine - Sexuality is an essential part of being a human being. Passionate emotions such as love, affection and sexual intimacy contribute to our overall well being and our healthy relationships. However, with these positive aspects of human sexuality, there are also several illness and unintended consequences that can severely affect our sexual health. With the incidence rate for the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) on the rise, it is important to address the public health concerns that are associated with disease....   [tags: Health, Vaccine, Sexuality]
:: 12 Works Cited
1671 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Vaccine War - After watching The Vaccine War, the main concerns of vaccines are public safety, the aftermath of injecting harmful chemicals into ones’ body and the parents that choose not to vaccinate their children. In the beginning of the documentary, a mother, Jennifer Margulis, states she felt like it was not needed for her newborn child to be vaccinated for a sexual transmitted disease. She feels like the ingredients are scary for a young child to take in with an immature immune system. The other issue is a massive outbreak of disease that could have been prevented....   [tags: Vaccines, Film Analysis, Social Issue]
:: 1 Works Cited
942 words
(2.7 pages)
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Anti-Vaccine Movement: An Ongoing Battle - Anti-Vaccine Movement: An Ongoing Battle Should children’s health be at risk for the greater good of community health. The news today is full of tragic stories about complications of vaccine use and there have been injuries from the beginning of vaccine use due to incomplete data on the side effects. The injuries have also brought about changes in the way vaccines are manufactured. The Georgia State Government requires citizens to receive vaccines in order to attend day care, go to school, and work at certain jobs and each state has its own mandates as well....   [tags: Community Health, Vaccines]
:: 5 Works Cited
1288 words
(3.7 pages)
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The History of Vaccine - ... This method helps produce small amount of the virus to stimulate the immune system without harming the body. Scientists use it to make vaccines for diseases like measles, chickenpox, and mumps. (“ Weaken the Virus”1,2,3). The benefit of this method is providing a life lasting immunity for the person with one or two doses of the vaccine.( “Weaken the Virus” 9,10). However, this type of vaccine can not be used for people with low immune system .(“ Weaken the Virus” 10,11). The second method is using dead virus that does not produce any viruses, but still has its character....   [tags: children's immunization, smallpox] 1371 words
(3.9 pages)
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The Poliomyelitis Vaccine - Poliomyelitis, also known as polio, was the most feared childhood disease of the first half of the 20th century. It was an acute viral disease which was caused by the inflammation of the motor neurons of the brainstem and spinal cord. In addition, being affected by the poliovirus caused paralysis of the body and sometimes even death. It was a disease that scientists could not find a cure for it. But at the peak of its devastation in the United States, a vaccine has been introduced to prevent it....   [tags: feared childhood diseases]
:: 5 Works Cited
1117 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Vaccine War - Through the rise of technological advances in medicine, the vaccine has changed the world for the greater good of the human race. Making a great triumph and virtually eliminating an array of life-threatening diseases, from smallpox to diphtheria, thus adding approximately thirty years to many humans’ life spans. Although, a new complication has arisen, possibly linking neurological digression with this rise of new vaccines. Such a digression has forced parents to exempt their children from receiving vaccinations and brought forth mental anguish affecting the minds of many....   [tags: Medical Ethics ]
:: 3 Works Cited
1168 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Review Adverse Effects of Vaccines - Although autonomy is such a highly sought after aspect of human life, there are times when it is overridden for the good of the person or for others around them. The question of whether autonomy is always the most important factor in determining the morality of an issue must be made. According to Fields, autonomy requires and allows a person to “comprehend the action to be taken, the alternatives, and the consequences,” which is what it does. Nonetheless, there are times when this extent of autonomy may be skewed by beliefs and ideas that may not be entirely accurate....   [tags: vaccines, vaccination, mmr vaccine]
:: 13 Works Cited
1384 words
(4 pages)
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An Evaluation of the Seasonal Influenza Vaccine - During the frigid winter months, the flu takes ahold of the entire country, constraining it in a cough-ridden, congested grasp until taking its leave in the warm months of spring. Several strains of the influenza virus compose collectively of the flu, and these strains mutate — or alter their genetic composition — as the virus creeps into and out of the people and animals it infects. Throughout the year, researchers and doctors scramble to find the most effective prevention for the evasive flu so that one may not feel its wrath....   [tags: allergic reactions, the flu, influenza virus]
:: 8 Works Cited
1760 words
(5 pages)
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Need to Invest in an AIDS Vaccine - Today, more than 40 million people worldwide live with HIV/AIDS, with 95 percent of the total living in developing countries. Since the beginning of the epidemic in 1981, more than 75 million people have contracted HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, and almost 36 million have died as a result of HIV-related causes. Although currently more people than ever before have access to life-saving antiretroviral therapy for HIV/AIDS, for every person who begins treatment, two or three others become infected with HIV....   [tags: infect, epidemic, technology] 697 words
(2 pages)
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The Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiative - THE CANADIAN HIV VACCINE INITIATIVE Description- The Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiative is a Canada based body, which works for the progress of HIV vaccines and testing method, at a global level. Though this organization was established by the Ministry of Canada, it involves enough cooperation and interactivity from other international organizations too. ________________________________________________________________________ Keywords- Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiative, Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiatives, CHVI, Canadian Ministry HIV Vaccine Initiative, Initiatives by Canada towards AIDS, Canada Ministry’s initiatives for AIDS, HIV in Canada, Canada fighting HIV, Goals of the Canadian HIV Vaccine I...   [tags: Health Care] 736 words
(2.1 pages)
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The Influenza Vaccine: Today and Tomorrow - It's that time of year again. Many have come down with the flu. In an attempt to prevent the virus from reaching the immune systems of a variety of people, they use the preventive. This preventive is called the influenza vaccine. The vaccine used all over the world to prevent the flu. There are many misconceptions in the advertisement of the flu vaccine though. No one quite knows how the vaccine works to prevent the virus. The world also has a skewed vision of the side effects involving the vaccine....   [tags: immune, virus, effects]
:: 4 Works Cited
657 words
(1.9 pages)
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Finding a Vaccine for Dengue Fever - Introduction Dengue fever is a tropical disease produced by a virus transmitted by a mosquito Aedes aegipti. This disease affects mainly tropical countries in Latin America, Africa and Asia and According to World Health Organization (WHO), dengue is a fast emerging pandemic-prone viral disease, and is one of four WHO future vaccine priorities. (WHO, 2013) Researchers in the United State, Brazil and Europe has been developing 4 vaccine candidates that are under clinical trials. These evaluations have been done in topical countries as Colombia, Brazil, Thailand and Singapore....   [tags: mosquito, disease, national, regional, sectorial] 2274 words
(6.5 pages)
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Weighing the Benefits of the Gardasil Vaccine - Many parents would take interest in a vaccine that promises protection against the second most common form of cancer found in women each year. Especially when 11,000 women will become diagnosed with cervical cancer each year, and 3,700 of those women will die as a result. Gardasil is a vaccine given in a series of three shots to girls ranging from nine to 26 years of age. Those three shots offer protection against four different strains of the human papilloma virus, which causes cervical cancer....   [tags: Cancer Preventon, Side Effects] 1007 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Global Vaccine and Therapeutic Industry - The global vaccine and therapeutic industry is estimated to reach sales of “$52 billion by 2016” (Research and Markets, 2009). Expansion in emerging markets and technological advancement are some of the key factors supporting such growth. Successful development of next generation technologies also influenced the growth of the vaccine and therapeutics market in areas such as Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and Dengue virus (DENV). These are areas of unmet needs in which no effective and licensed vaccine and/or therapeutic are available....   [tags: immunogenicity and serology testing]
:: 16 Works Cited
1756 words
(5 pages)
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MMR Vaccine: Examining the Evidence - ... Furthermore, Wakefield’s research has been completely discredited by the publisher, The Lancet, and Dr. Wakefield has been charged with four counts of dishonesty and twelve counts of abuse of developmentally challenged children (Taylor et. al). The medical and media uproar that his paper has created can still be seen today. Hundreds of thousands of parents are choosing to not vaccinate their children and many anti-vaccination advocates still believe that his research is credible. His study created a breach in the parent-doctor relationship, leading many to not trust or question the safety of the vaccine being injected into their young and fragile children....   [tags: measles, mumps, rubella, the triple]
:: 10 Works Cited
1934 words
(5.5 pages)
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Jonas Salk and the Polio Vaccine - ... Salk, the people of the U.S., and the world, could stop worrying, at least about something. Jonas Edward Salk was born on October 28, 1914 in New York City. His parents were from Jewish immigrant families, and they never received a full education, but like most parents, they wanted better for their children, and were determined to see them succeed. When Salk was 13, he attended Townsend Harris High School, a public school for gifted children, where students had to learn a four-year curriculum into three years....   [tags: biography, paralysis] 566 words
(1.6 pages)
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Vaccine - This research paper consists of varying information coming from four published articles found on the internet related to whether the MMR vaccine causes Autism in children or not. According to the article MMR Vaccine (2010) in Black's Medical Dictionary, 42nd Edition there have been several studies and experiments performed and until this day, there is no direct link between the MMR Vaccine and Autism. Other researchers such as Robert M. Youngson (2004, 2005), who wrote in the Collins Dictionary of Medicine that: “No association has been demonstrated between autism and the use of the MMR vaccine.” (Youngson, 2004) An editorial by Stephen I....   [tags: Medicine, Autism] 1558 words
(4.5 pages)
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The Human Papilloma Virus Vaccine - ... Beside the point, schools have already mandated vaccines that are not contagious. States currently require vaccination against certain diseases, such as tetanus, that are not “contagious” at all, but have very serious consequences for those affected. And almost all states require vaccination against Hepatitis B, a blood borne disease which can be sexually transmitted. (Dailard, 2006, p.132). Advocates strongly suggest that HPV vaccination be mandated, since other disease forms that are sexually transmitted have already been mandated....   [tags: sexually transmitted infections]
:: 5 Works Cited
2047 words
(5.8 pages)
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The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine - The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine The unforgettable story of vaccines is a story of triumph and controversy. The saddest part of the story is persistent ignorance and a lack of education, comingled with the personal need of some parents to explain away the problems of their children, have caused the controversy to arise. The good news is that the triumphant reality of vaccines as a whole is still the larger enduring legacy. The human papillomavirus vaccine is not an exception to this rule; in fact despite all the controversy surrounding the vaccine, it is one of medicine’s greatest lifesaving gifts to us....   [tags: HPV Cancer, Cervical Cancer]
:: 9 Works Cited
1596 words
(4.6 pages)
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The Importance of the Influenza Vaccine - Illnesses have long haunted the human race. As long as these illnesses have existed, humans have developed ways to cure themselves, beginning with simple herbs and proceeding as far as vaccines and complex medicines. One cure that long eluded scientists was that of the influenza virus. Now, the influenza vaccine, or flu shot, saves thousands of lives a year and helps prevent serious complications resulting from influenza infection. At no time was a search for the cure for influenza more frantic than after the devastating effects of the pandemic of 1918....   [tags: Health Care]
:: 6 Works Cited
1503 words
(4.3 pages)
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Hepatitis B Vaccine for Newborns - Hepatitis B virus can cause an infection either in the form of a short, acute illness or a chronic, long-lasting condition that affects the liver. Hepatitis B can cause serious disease in infants, so pregnant mothers who carry the virus must try to protect their babies by being screened and having their babies vaccinated after birth. What Is Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B virus is an organism that infects the liver, causing either a short, acute illness or a chronic, long-lasting disease. A baby who gets infected with the virus may experience a mild condition with no symptoms, but most babies become chronic carriers of the virus and pass them to others....   [tags: liver, yellowing of eyes, tiredness]
:: 4 Works Cited
889 words
(2.5 pages)
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The HVP Vaccine Controversy - ... Arthur Allen has questions of his own about the cost of the HPV vaccine. Allen points out that it might be a mistake that school-age girls should not be require getting the HPV vaccination “The most obvious reason is that when a vaccine is mandated, it must be available for to those who can’t afford it” (450). With the cost of the HPV vaccine will there be other options parents can receive to get the vaccine if they cannot afford it or what to learn more about vaccine. The HPV vaccine is not a public health issue according to Adam: “it was just about the money, not public health”(446)....   [tags: Health, Cervix, Cancer]
:: 1 Works Cited
560 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Vaccine War: Media Theory - Synopsis After watching The Vaccine War, the main concerns of vaccines are public safety, the aftermath of injecting harmful chemicals into ones’ body and the parents that choose not to vaccinate their children. In the beginning of the documentary, a mother, Jennifer Margulis, states she felt like it was not needed for her newborn child to be vaccinated for a sexual transmitted disease. She feels like the ingredients are scary for a young child to take in with an immature immune system. The other issue is a massive outbreak of disease that could have been prevented....   [tags: Public Safety, Cognitive Dissonance]
:: 1 Works Cited
936 words
(2.7 pages)
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MMR Vaccine and Autism - The MMR vaccine is administered between the ages of 12-15 months. When a child develops autism, their parents describe the disease as the child growing normally until they reach an age where a degenerative process starts. This problem usually happens around the age of 2 years. Although parents do say the child was growing normally, many researchers do not believe that the child was actually growing normally until the age of 1-2 years but some children do go through a degenerative process and this usually happens after the administration of MMR vaccine....   [tags: Controversy, ASD, Studies]
:: 3 Works Cited
676 words
(1.9 pages)
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The HVP Vaccine: Analysis - ... Allen had the idea that most famillies were in the darkness concerning medical treatment, and that, “Those who are well-informed with good familes, parents involved with their children, will go ahead.” Meaning that if it werent for the constant reminders and school rules of obligatory vaccinations, most families would just, “fall through the cracks.”(Allen 450). Therefore, while Allen argues that mandatory health screening and vaccinations are for the good of the people and for those that otherwise would never even know they needed a vaccine, Adams states that it goes against the freedom of the people and that slowly the “Big Pharma” would controll the health care system(Adams 447)....   [tags: Immunization, Sexuality] 796 words
(2.3 pages)
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HPV Vaccine - The Human Papillomavirus is known to be just one of the few illnesses one can contract while having a sexual relationship with a person. The severity of the virus in the body may vary from getting genital warts to contracting cervical, vulva, vaginal and anus cancer in women; anus and penile cancer for men. Many pharmaceutical companies have been racing one another in concocting possible countermeasures in preventing people from contracting these very dangerous diseases. I personally have watched the news regarding updates on cures and vaccines, especially the debates by government officials about the credibility of these vaccines and how should it be distributed to the public....   [tags: Sexually Transmitted Diseases] 743 words
(2.1 pages)
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Herpes Simplex Vaccine - ... The Herpes Simplex 1 virus is spread through saliva including mouth to genitalia. Herpes simplex 2 is spread through genital contact even with the anus. Though there is no known cure for the Herpes Simplex virus, one or two, there have been attempts to create a vaccine to help prevent further spread of the virus. The New England Journal of Medicine recently conducted an experiment to test Two vaccine and test their efficacy. The Experiment was conducted in 2012 with 12,468 women the ages of 18-30....   [tags: results, effectivness trial] 703 words
(2 pages)
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Dr. Jonas Salk and the Polio Vaccine - Dr. Jonas Salk was an American medical researcher, physician, and virologist who developed the first safe and effective inactivated polio vaccine. Before this vaccine was created, polio vaccines usually contained live, weakened forms of the virus, but Salk developed a vaccine that contained an inactivated, dead form of polio, the first of its kind. Until the Salk vaccine was introduced on April 12, 1955, polio was considered the most frightening health problem in the United Sates. Just 3 years before the vaccine was released, almost 58,000 cases were reported, with 3,145 deaths and 21,269 paralyzed....   [tags: scientists that changed the world]
:: 3 Works Cited
1003 words
(2.9 pages)
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Controversies Surrounding Vaccine - ... Still, such suspicion persists because the cause of autism is unknown. Therefore, parents naturally want to find something to blame even though there is no proof. Inoculation was also associated with lymphatic cancers, auto-immune disorders, and brain inflammation which can leads to death, permanent brain damage, and developmental disorders. Additionally, it may increase a child’s likelihood of developing multiple sclerosis, suffering intussusception and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Even though vaccine can certainly cause adverse effects, the risks of not being vaccinated far outweighed the small risks associated with injection....   [tags: immunization debate]
:: 4 Works Cited
695 words
(2 pages)
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The Vaccine-Autism Controversy - Parents everywhere ponder the question, what causes autism in young children. Since the early 1990s it has been debated whether or not vaccines are to blame for being the causal effect of autism. Numerous studies have been conducted to prove this theory true or false; however, many parents are still fighting the courts that vaccines caused autism in their children. Furthermore, more babies are not getting vaccinated due to the increasing scare being presented on the media about vaccines. The vaccine-autism controversy is the central issue in Jeffrey S....   [tags: mitochondrial disorder, symptoms]
:: 2 Works Cited
1000 words
(2.9 pages)
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HPV Vaccine: Adams vs. Allen - Human papilloma virus is today’s most common sexually transmitted infection and reamins uncurable at this time. About 79 million individuals in the United States are currently infected with HPV; around 14 million individuals will become newly infected with HPV each year. As of early 2012, one preventative measure against HPV is a vaccine given in three shots over six months, recommended for both male and female children at the age of 11 or 12. While the HPV vaccine is not mandated at this time, many individuals have openly expressed their opinions about the possibility....   [tags: mandation, health, STI]
:: 3 Works Cited
604 words
(1.7 pages)
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Mandatory Vaccination, and the High Risk of Vaccine-preventable Disease (VPD) to the Vaccine Refusal. - ... Massachusetts. Briefly, there was a Swedish immigrant who refused the vaccination for him and for his children during the small pox outbreak, because he thought that vaccination made him and his children sick, and he also refused to pay the fine. The case was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court upheld the authority of states to enforce compulsory vaccination laws. (5) There was another story about the girl in taxes who excluded from the public school because she was not fulfilled the immunization requirement....   [tags: health issues and effects]
:: 11 Works Cited
1360 words
(3.9 pages)
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Edward Jenner the Creator of the Vaccine for Smallpox - ... As a child Edward was an apprentice to a surgeon for nine years, that was where he observed and studied the surgeons every move. From there he traveled to Saint Georges Hospital in London to study both anatomy and surgery. From there he just went back to his home town to continue his medical practices. In the year of 1978 a smallpox outbreak hit Gloucestershire and he observed that his patients that have worked with cattle did not have any symptoms close to those who did not work with cattle....   [tags: immune system, dangerous experiment] 552 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Erradication of Poliomyelitis: Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV), and Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) - Introduction Poliomyelitis, commonly known as “Polio”, is an acute motor disease caused by the poliovirus that targets the anterior horn cells of the human spinal cord, and in severe cases results in acute flaccid paralysis (Alberta Health and Wellness, 2011), which can progress to permanent paralysis. It mainly affects children under the age of five, although individuals of any age may contract it (World Health Organization, 2013 [C]). Historical outbreaks, most prominently the 1916 and 1952 epidemics in the United States, led to the development of two separate vaccines: Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV), and Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV)....   [tags: poliovirus, spinal cord]
:: 23 Works Cited
1077 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Polio Vaccine - The Polio Vaccine The discovery of the polio vaccine was an important medical and scientific breakthrough because it saved many lives since the 1950s. In the summer of 1916 the great polio epidemic struck the United states. By the 1950s hundreds of thousands of people had been struck by the poliomyelitis. The highest number of cases occurred in 1953 with over 50,000 people infected with the virus. When hygienic conditions were poor polio attacked infants. The disease was spread by contaminated water and contact with fecal contamination....   [tags: Papers] 1070 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Impact of the Tuberculosis Vaccine - The Impact of the Tuberculosis Vaccine Abstract Tuberculosis is one of the most infectious diseases in the world. With almost one third of the world infected with this virus, people are striving to help prevent the spread of this disease (NIAID, 2001). One prevention technique for tuberculosis is the BCG (Bacillus of Calmette and Guerin) vaccine. In the early twentieth century Calmette and Guerin worked together to isolate a strain of the disease creating the first BCG vaccine. Throughout the century the scientists improved the BCG vaccine and today there are several different strains of the vaccine available....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Disease TB]
:: 5 Works Cited
1623 words
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Hiv: The Search For A Vaccine - In 1985, over 10,000 cases of AIDS were reported worldwide (White and Fenner 1986). Just over a decade later, in 1998, the Global AIDS Policy Coalition estimated that 30.6 million people were infected with HIV worldwide. It has also been projected that by the year 2000, between 40 and 70 million adults will be infected with HIV (New Generation Vaccines 1997). Over 90% of all HIV-1 infected individuals live in developing nations: 50% in Southeast Asia and 40% in sub-Saharan Africa. However, even with all of these alarming statistics and projections, there is hope for the future of humanity....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 2 Works Cited
1319 words
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The Vaccine that Made Me Want to Become a Doctor - ... Inoculation was all they had back then, but it came with a cost the small amount of people who were inoculated and lived ended up spread the diseases rapidly because they were not quarantined properly. However a man by the name of Dr. Edward Jenner in 1798 took the next step by introducing inoculation with scabs not from small pox but from something similar. He was the one responsible for creating the vaccine for smallpox (Glynn, 2004). Dr. Jenner noticed that the girls or women employed to milk dairy cows who had previously caught cowpox did not later contract smallpox....   [tags: career choices, opportunities]
:: 8 Works Cited
887 words
(2.5 pages)
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The HPV Vaccine: Sensible Prevention or Greedy Scheme - Vaccinations and debate have never been far from each other in this country, each new medication meeting with various degrees of skepticism and pushback. Never has this been more true than with the newest vaccine being directed at children- the HPV vaccine. Much like the Hepatitis B vaccine before it, the HPV vaccine has become a point of contentious debate among widely varying viewpoints. Unlike the Hep B vaccine, though, the HPV vaccine has been released into a world with the internet, where voices on both sides have come to make themselves, loudly, be heard....   [tags: sex vacinne, disease, medication] 608 words
(1.7 pages)
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Mandating the HPV Vaccine for Sixth Grade Girls - Mandating the HPV Vaccine for Sixth Grade Girls The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States (Cook 210). There are over 100 types of HPV viruses and 30 or more of these viruses that can be sexually transmitted. (Vamos, McDermott, Daley 303). There are approximately 20 million people in the United States that are infected with HPV, and there are about 6.2 million new HPV cases each year (Vamos, McDermott, and Daley 303). Even though most HPV cases are non-cancerous, two of the HPV strains are known to cause 70 percent of cervical cancer, and the other two strains cause 90 percent of genital warts cases (Javitt, Berkowitz, and Gostin 384)...   [tags: sex, disease, transmitted, cancer]
:: 6 Works Cited
716 words
(2 pages)
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Modern-Day Vaccine Development Raising Eyebrows - ... This stage may last for 1-2 years and often some candidate vaccines cannot go beyond this stage due to the potential lack of immunity generation. After this, the next step includes clinical studies on human beings. First a small group of humans are tested with the vaccine, followed by a larger group, to assess the safety and extent of the immune response that vaccine can provoke. Successful trial phases are followed by an approval and licensing procedure. FDA approves the labeling of vaccine after satisfaction and inspection of the manufacturing unit....   [tags: antibodies, immune, medical] 1596 words
(4.6 pages)
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The HPV Vaccine and Its Effect on Cancer Screening and Prevention - The HPV vaccine and its effect on cancer screening and prevention Introduction Human Papillomavirus(HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States, according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC) around 20 million people are infected with HPV and additional 6.2 million people are newly infected every year. According to National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2003-2004 among sexually active women (57% of 14 to 19 years and 97% of 20 to 59 years) HPV was highest prevalent in youngest age group (40% of 14-19 years and 50% of 20-24 years)....   [tags: HPV Cancer, Cervical Cancer] 1653 words
(4.7 pages)
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Giving the Body Immunity to a Specific Disease with a Vaccine - The definition of a vaccine is, medication or medicine, taken before infection or illness to prevent infection and sickness by giving the body immunity to said specific disease. The immunity varies in lasting time from temporary to permanent. www.dictionary.com, would refer to vaccines as ,”Any preparation used as a preventive inoculation to confer immunity against a specific disease, usually employing an innocuous form of the disease agent, as killed or weakened bacteria or viruses, to stimulate antibody production”....   [tags: anitbody, inoculation, toxoid]
:: 3 Works Cited
564 words
(1.6 pages)
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Designing Cancer Vaccine against Lung Cancer - Lung cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide both in men and women. It accounts for nearly 1.2 million deaths per year. Over the last few years many advances have been made in the field of surgery, chemotherapy and radiations for treating this deadly cancer but they are unlikely to result in cure. Lung cancer is associated with very bad prognosis. So there is a dire need of developing novel therapeutic vaccines for improving prognosis of this disease Cancer therapeutic vaccines are designed to regulate the host tumour interactions in order to shift the balance from tumour acceptance to tumour control....   [tags: Lung Cancer, Cause of Death, Treatments]
:: 12 Works Cited
1690 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Ethics of Animal Testing for Vaccine Development and Potential Alternatives - ... This drug was responsible for the deaths of more than one hundred people. This incident and other similar cases resulted in the passing of the 1938 Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, which required that all drugs must be tested on animals to ensure safety before they could become available.1 Such incidents emphasize the importance of animal testing with regard to human health. Once laws were set in place that required animal testing as an effort to ensure public safety, the proper treatment of these animals and issues such as animal cruelty became a greater concern....   [tags: animal abuse]
:: 11 Works Cited
1978 words
(5.7 pages)
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How Deadly is the Flu Virus and How Important is the Vaccine? - How Deadly is the Flu Virus and How Important is the Vaccine. Influenza is a very serious disease that can lead to hospitalization and even fatalities. There are many different strands, infecting people of all ages and originating from different animals, which can be extremely fatal if the right care isn’t provided. Care for flu patients have changes tremendously over the years from once having no vaccine to having a limited amount of vaccines, only for the most prone individuals, to now having yearly vaccines to prevent the most common cases of flu....   [tags: health prevention issues]
:: 5 Works Cited
1430 words
(4.1 pages)
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The DNA Vaccine-Induced Response of T-Cells - ... The APCs not only use a direct presentation method here, but also allow the fusion of the antigen-containing endosome to the ER-derived vesicles, which “allows access of exogenous antigen to the MHC class I loading compartment” (Rice et al. 2008), thus causing cross-presentation of the antigen. This antigen presentation is essential in order to stimulate a T-response. While targeting cancer tumors, the DNA-vaccine is made to code for either full-sequences or fragments of tumor antigens and delivered directly to the tumor....   [tags: cancer, plasmid, apc] 1205 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Need for the HPV Vaccine to Prevent Cervical Cancer in Uganda - Uganda has one of the world’s highest cervical cancer rates, with an age- standardized rate of 40.7 cases per 100,000 young women. Most of these women living with HPV have never heard of cervical cancer before. The introduction to the HPV vaccine, in regions of low- income, presents an opportunity to prevent approximately 70% of cervical cancer cases (7:24). While faced with countless constraints, Uganda has opportunities that could enhance the introduction of universal routine HPV vaccinations of young adolescent girls (7:24)....   [tags: screenings, infection, donations] 1473 words
(4.2 pages)
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Rabies Immune Globulin and The First Dose of Rabies Vaccine - Rabies is the oldest infectious disease that is spread between species. Historical evidence of rabies dates from about 2300 BC. The first written record of rabies is in the Eshnunna code (ca.1930 BC), which states that owners of rabid dogs with symptoms of rabies should take preventative measures to keep their dog away from others. If a person were to be bitten and later become ill or die, the owner would be fined heavily. During this time and for many centuries to follow, it was commonplace to kill any animal or human who showed symptoms of the disease....   [tags: health, infectious disease]
:: 5 Works Cited
1081 words
(3.1 pages)
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HIV Vaccine Clinical Trials: The Standard of Care Debate - ... Do you provide the participants with the standard of care that is only available locally. There are some that truly believe it is morally unacceptable to allow participants to receive less-than-optimal treatment, especially when the trial is originating in a wealthy country. Wealthier countries sponsoring research in poorer countries have greater access to state-of-the-art resources that some believe is owed to the poorer countries that are being studied (Shapiro & Benatar, 2005). In relation to this, there is also the viewpoint that these wealthier countries should be obligated to contribute sustainable improvements in the overall health of developing nations and not to just those parti...   [tags: Declaration of Helsinki, treatment]
:: 13 Works Cited
1842 words
(5.3 pages)
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The Human Papillomavirus: The Nation’s Vaccine Preventable Epidemic - The human papillomavirus (HPV) is currently the most widely spread sexually transmitted disease in the United States, per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. There are over one hundred different types of HPV known at this time, over forty of which can be sexually transmitted. Nearly all sexually active men and women are exposed to HPV at some point in their lives. Lifestyle choices such as risky sexual behavior, smoking and alcohol use increase one’s risk of contracting HPV. Additionally, infection with one type of HPV does not prevent infections with other types....   [tags: std, dna virus]
:: 4 Works Cited
911 words
(2.6 pages)
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Human Papilloma Virus Vaccine and Cervical Cancer - Human Papilloma Virus Vaccine and Cervical Cancer Introduction In Hong Kong, cervical cancer ranks tenth among the female cancers (Department of Health, 2013). Although there is a decreasing trend in both the incidence rate and mortality rate of cervical cancer, recent statistics released by the Department of Health (2013) reveal that there are still around 400 new cases of cervical cancer every year and accounts for 3.2 percent of the new cancer cases in 2010. Therefore, it is important for the public to understand more about the causes and possible preventions of cervical cancer....   [tags: mortality rate, prevention, health, Hong Kong]
:: 12 Works Cited
1788 words
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2004 Influenza Vaccine Shortage - 2004 Influenza Vaccine Shortage Internal PR Action Plan MKT 438 November, 22, 2004 Abstract This year’s flu season is supposed to bring a strain of the virus with a severity unlike any other seen in previous years. This supposed new strain is a mutated, currently untreatable strain that is expected to be responsible for several deaths. The media has caused such a wide spread panic over the Influenza bug this year and then claimed that 48 million vaccines mysteriously became contaminated rendering the public virtually helpless against the attack of this new strain of flu....   [tags: essays research papers] 1401 words
(4 pages)
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The Importance of Immunizations - As the years goes by, immunization has helped drastically reduce childhood infections. I will briefly explain the schedules of the immunizations and the route of each. The schedules of immunization changed and updated periodically as new vaccines become available or research indicates better methods for giving the vaccines. “The recommended immunization schedule is designed to protect infants and children early in life, when they are most vulnerable and before they are exposed to potentially life-threatening diseases.” Here are the schedules for the childhood and adolescent immunizations as of the 2013 schedule....   [tags: health, vaccine]
:: 4 Works Cited
1442 words
(4.1 pages)
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USFDA Seeking Approval of DCVax - Early detection of breast cancer has helped prevent many fatalities, but what if we had a vaccination for all types of cancer. There is great hope for a cancer vaccination in the works as we speak. The PEI (Paul-Ehrlich-Institut,) which is the FDA of Germany, has found a way to get an accelerated approval to get a cancer vaccine called DCVax possibly approved by the USFDA (United States Food and Drug Administration). Over the past two and half years, a company by the name of Northwest Biotherapeutics has made major progress in finding a vaccination for all types of cancer through recent clinical trials....   [tags: cancer vaccine]
:: 9 Works Cited
917 words
(2.6 pages)
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Vaccine Testing - HIV Vaccine Testing in Africa The United Nations estimates that 5.8 million people per year become infected with the immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Ninety percent of these infections occur in sub- Saharan Africa, where infected persons do not have access to antiviral therapy. Approximately 2.4 million Africans died of AIDS in 2002, and 3.5 million occurred in the region. Where in the United States $12,000-$15,000 is usually spent on treating an HIV-infected person per year, only $6 is spent annually per person in Uganda....   [tags: essays research papers]
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1091 words
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The Importance of Immunizations - Immunizations have been created to keep children and adults safe and healthy. They are recommended to begin early in life when they are the most vulnerable and to keep them from being exposed to something life-threatening. You can find a schedule of immunizations relating to the age of the children by viewing the CDC website or asking your physicians office. Starting at birth the newborn will receive a list of vaccines. Hepatitis B vaccine is given once at birth and again twice more at 1 and 6 months old....   [tags: health, vaccine]
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1156 words
(3.3 pages)
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polio vaccine - Poliomyelitis (shortened to polio) has been around for thousands of years, and there is still no cure, but at the peak of its devastation in the United States, Dr. Jonas Salk introduced a way to prevent it. Polio attacks the nerve cells and sometimes the central nervous system, causing muscle wasting, paralysis, and even death. The disease, whose symptoms are flu like, stuck mostly children, and in the first half of the 20th century the epidemics of polio were becoming more devastating. Salk, while working at the Virus Research Lab at the University of Pittsburgh, developed a polio vaccine, and the medical trials to prove its effectiveness and safety are still being analyzed....   [tags: essays research papers] 617 words
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The Vaccine Court and the Autism Test Case, Written by Lauren L. Haertlei - ... She is currently working as a lawyer at Arnold & Porter LLC, an international law firm. Her majors in philosophy, biology, and political science as well as her experience as a lawyer and being the editor in chief of Law and Contemporary Problems gives Haertlein the credibility she needs for writing her article. “Immunizing Against Bad Science: The Vaccine Court and the Autism Test Case” is the only published article Haertlein has wrote. The fact that she has not published any other works on this topic, nor has she done other research about vaccinations could cause controversy on the validity of her conclusions in the article....   [tags: autism, data, historic evidence]
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1086 words
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Tuberculosis Vaccine May Help Stop Multiple Sclerosis Development - A vaccine which is used to stop tuberculosis may also help in the prevention of the development of multiple sclerosis. MS is a disease that attacks the body’s central nervous system This new study was discovered when people who began to have the beginning symptoms of MS were given an injection of the tuberculosis vaccine. This could be a handy, safe and cheap approach which would be available instantly following the very first symptoms that suggest a person could have MS explained the research lead scientist Dr....   [tags: immune system, brain, placebo] 523 words
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Cervical Cancer and The HPV Vaccine Controversy: Where are the men? Where is the money? - HPV Vaccination Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancerous death, in women, since 1950. Approximately 200,000 cervical cancer patients die each year in developing countries. Strains like HPV 16 and 18 cause about 70% of cervical cancer in women– one of the top causes of death in the world (WebMD, 2010, p.1). In the Unites States, about 10,000 women acquire the disease and 3,700 die annually Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is directly associated as a cause of cervical cancer. This virus affects the skin and genital area and, in some cases, it can also infect the throat and mouth....   [tags: HPV Vaccination and Gender] 1801 words
(5.1 pages)
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The HPV Vaccine: Tyranny, or a Valid Approach in Need of a Dose of Reality? - ... The articles each present a call to action; Adams asks that the reader reject the vaccination entirely, and stand up to this “tyranny” (447) and spread the word by posting a cartoon and linking to his article. Allen urges that the Government “shouldn’t rush” (450) the mandate to give it time to gain “credibility” (450). Adams’ use of punctuation is much more emotionally laden. He frequently bolds statements and suggest drug companies are lying by putting phrases in quotes, as when he writes of “public health” (446) and “science” (445)....   [tags: Texas, Controversy]
:: 1 Works Cited
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The Flu Shot: Why Do I Need to Get It? - ... Have you ever wondered how the vaccine is made. There are two parts to making a flu shot: First, scientist experts around the world decide what types of flu will be included in the flu shot for each year. Then, vaccine manufacturers start making the flu shots so that by the time the next flu season starts, millions of doses are already available. How do they decide what goes into a flu shot. Every year, in more than 100 countries around the world, health workers and expert scientists collect samples from people who are sick with the flu....   [tags: vaccine, effectiveness, purpose, protect] 1575 words
(4.5 pages)
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Quality Assurance for Biological Products - ... If anything were to go wrong in the production and manufacturing of a vaccine, the ones responsible would be the manufacturers, NCA and each individual member states. The NCA is responsible for licensing and approving a manufacturing establishment for production of biological products only if the manufacturer complies with the principles of good manufacturing practice (GMP). The manufacturers are responsible for following GMP. The individual member states are responsible for having written standards, both general and product-specific, for biological products available for use in their countries....   [tags: new vaccine process]
:: 9 Works Cited
1715 words
(4.9 pages)
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The Science, Technology, and Ethics of HIV Vaccine Research - The Science, Technology, and Ethics of HIV Vaccine Research An annual report recently released by the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS indicated that the number of HIV-infected individuals increased 10 percent in the last year, bringing the number of people worldwide who are now carrying the virus to over 33 million. According to the report, half of these new infections were in people15 to 24 years old, and there were 11 new infections a minute. Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly accounts for two thirds of the infected population and about 12 million AIDS related deaths....   [tags: AIDS Third World Countries Poverty Papers]
:: 8 Works Cited
4292 words
(12.3 pages)
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The Dynamics of the Dengue Fever Virus and the Creation of its Vaccine - The Dynamics of the Dengue Fever Virus and the Creation of its Vaccine Abstract: I investigated Dengue Fever and the dynamics of creating a drug or vaccine to cure it. After acquiring a basic knowledge of the virus I dove into various topics including variants on the virus such as Dengue Shock Syndrome and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever. Then I looked into the molecular structure of the disease’s proteins and how their shape relates to how it can be treated by drugs. Professor Tantillo’s lectures about drug design, including pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and ADMET (Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism, Excretion, Toxicity) connected the concepts of protein molecular structure and effective...   [tags: Medical Biology Dengue Fever Virus]
:: 2 Works Cited
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(3.7 pages)
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Importance of Flu Prevention in Children - ... Proper hygiene, good nutrition and exercise are also essential in fending off the flu virus. Prevention It is true that prevention is always better than cure. Taking all the necessary precautions in avoiding flu is far better than having your child go through the symptoms and complications of flu. Here are several tips that can help you and your child against the risk of contracting this disease: Teach them proper hygiene - Flu viruses usually spread by direct contact, thus teaching children the proper hygiene will immensely help in lowering their against this disease....   [tags: influenza, symptoms, vaccine, virus] 622 words
(1.8 pages)
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Characteristics, Treatment, and Prevention of Mumps - Mumps, part of the Paramyxovirus family (Hunt, 2008) and also known as Epidemic parotitis (Medline Plus, n.d.), is a virus that has a worldwide distribution with humans being the only known reservoir (Chamberlain, 2013). Mumps are a viral infection that primarily affects the parotid glands, otherwise known as the salivary glands located below and in front of the ears (Mayo Clinic Staff, n.d.). Although swelling, also known as parotitis, is the most recognized symptom of mumps, it may only occur in approximately 30-40% of cases....   [tags: virus, inflammation, vaccine]
:: 6 Works Cited
742 words
(2.1 pages)
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Influenza Continues to Affect The Population in Large Numbers - ... Statistics from the 2013-2014 flu season indicate that middle-aged adults (41-64) were at increased risks for influenza than the seasons prior to the 2013-2014 season. Justification for this difference has not been determined. It is speculated that virologic factors or a deficiency as a result of low vaccination rates or previous exposure to the virus could potentially be the reasons for the differences. Bias may be reflected by the variations due to the observation and reporting of alterations over time....   [tags: vaccine shortage, antiviral drugs]
:: 14 Works Cited
1242 words
(3.5 pages)
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Immunological Cures for Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 - The focus for finding an immunological cure for diabetes mellitus type 1 should be directed to prevent maturation or cause inactivation of autoreactive T cells to halt the destruction of insulin-producing beta cells. Inactivation of the autoreactive T cells can be accomplished in two ways. First, antigen presenting cells, such as dendritic cells, that present auto antigens can be modified to prevent maturation or expression of co-stimulatory receptor. Secondly, the T cell can remain in the naïve state or be inactivated after activation by an antigen presenting cell....   [tags: Health, Self Vaccine]
:: 6 Works Cited
1126 words
(3.2 pages)
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Malaria: A Leading Cause of Death and Disease Worldwide - ... There are fossils that show the malaria mosquito has existed for approximately 30 million years. The first recorded treatment dates back to 1600. In 1820, Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran discovered that quinine, purified from tree bark, a common treatment for fever, could be used to treat what was later identified as malaria. In 1880, Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran identified malaria and its cause. When his opinion that blood parasites caused malaria was first confirmed, it was received with scepticism, but was gradually accepted by all scientists....   [tags: history, vaccine, africa] 983 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Higher Education Debate - Higher education debate is a controversial and hot topic for politicians in the United States due to the price associated with higher education in the country. State lawmakers regularly worry about the rising cost of attaining a college degree, and lowering the debt burden to the student. Consequently these issues have been turned into a talking point during the presidential campaign trail. The pressure on the amount of tuition paid has not only been seen from the government but also from the families, which have shown reluctance in paying the high tuition fees....   [tags: College Degree, Influenza Vaccine]
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934 words
(2.7 pages)
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Information on Streptococcus Pneumoniae - Streptococcus pneumoniae is a Gram-positive and fast-growing bacteria which inhabit upper respiratory tract in humans. Moreover, it is an aerotolerant anaerobe and usually causes respiratory diseases including pneumonia, otitis media, meningitis, peritonitis, paranasal sinusitis, septic arthritis, and osteomyelitis (Todar, 2003). According to Tettelin et al., more than 3 million of children die from meningitis or pneumonia worldwide (2001). S.pneumoniae has an enzyme known as autolysin that is responsible for disintegration and disruption of epithelial cells....   [tags: vaccine, immune, penicillin]
:: 8 Works Cited
732 words
(2.1 pages)
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Reasons for Flu Immunization - Reasons for flu immunizations, A large percent of males and females get vaccinated for three reason, The major reasons for getting the influenza immunizations were just to avoid becoming infected with influenza virus. A large percent of males and females also get the vaccinated even if they are infected with influenza, they still want to get vaccinated to prevent the symptoms from becoming serious. A large proportion of females reported Living with family members at high risk of influenza becoming serious, such as children, the elderly or pregnant women....   [tags: vaccine, infect, precautions] 794 words
(2.3 pages)
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Diphtheria, Strangling Angel of Children - Although there is little news of it today, Diphtheria was one of the most common diseases found in the Eastern Region especially in Europe. Known as the “Strangling angel of children” it caused the death of many children by suffocation in Europe during the 17th century. Although today it is very rare to find this disease in the United States, this disease is commonly found in places where there is low hygiene or an unclean environment. Due to the modern understanding of the transmission and composition along with the development of a vaccine; it has brought us a long way of avoiding this disease....   [tags: pathogen, vaccine, pharyngectomy] 1073 words
(3.1 pages)
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Vaccinations Should Be Required - Imagine two children; one who has been completely vaccinated, and the other has never been vaccinated. Both children fall ill from the same virus, but the child who had been vaccinated fully recovers, while the child who was not passes away due to complications. That child’s life could have been saved if the child received the proper vaccinations. Ever since the invention of the Smallpox vaccine more than two centuries ago, there has been an abundance of controversy over the morality, ethics, effectiveness, and safety of vaccinations and immunizations....   [tags: complications, smallpox vaccine, ]
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1098 words
(3.1 pages)
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History of Pandemic Flu - In 2009 the World Health Organization released a statement that the world is in a post-pandemic state for H5N1. This is very interesting news so I thought why not go through the history of the flu and see how bad the pandemic could get this is what I found. So H5N1 is highly pathogenic bird flu. It is caused by very serious outbreaks in domestic poultry. It occurs mostly in the Middle East and Asia. There is more than one type of H5N1, one is avian and one is swine. With avian there are little to none human accounts of contracting the disease but since 2003 there has been six-hundred-fifty cases in fifteen countries....   [tags: HRN1, vaccine, bubonic plague]
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923 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Pandemic of Influenze - ... The H5.N1 virus has transmitted to humans since 1997. We all know that virus consists of 16 genes which are a small unit made up of RNA (ribonucleic acid) that carry all characters from one generation to another. These viruses are adopted inside the genome of the birds like ducks. These animals are considered the natural host of these viruses which means that the immune system of the birds recognize the virus as a normal body. According to Debora Mackenzie in news scientists, before 2003, the virus started to spread in chicken farms in East Asia....   [tags: bird flu, transmitted, vaccine] 702 words
(2 pages)
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Influenza Virus - Influenza is one of the viruses that spread very fast and impacts a lot of people around the globe. At any given year, 20% of the population in the United States is expected to develop influenza pandemic (Palese and García-Sastre, 2002). In the US alone, there are more than 30,000 deaths a year just from influenza (Yang et al., 2013). Influenza virus is from the family Orthomyxoviridae with two main strains: Influenza A and B are the most common once to cause disease in human and they can be both circulating at the same time (Samji, 2009)....   [tags: pandemic, vaccine]
:: 6 Works Cited
1127 words
(3.2 pages)
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Assessing Influenza Vaccine Pootency by Analyzing Specific Binding of CCR5 to CCL5 using Tag-lite® Technology - Vaccine is a substance which has antigens to trigger the immune response against an infection. Before using vaccines, they need to be tested for their efficacy and safety. Different antibody-based assays are used for this purpose; however, methods without relying on antibodies are rare in assessment of vaccine potency. Here we want to suggest a fluorescent ligand-binding of CCR5 Using Tag-lite® Technology as an alternative way of assessing vaccine potency. It is able to detect that CCR5 binds to CCL5, chemokine that plays an important role in migration of effector and memory T cells....   [tags: atigens for immune response]
:: 8 Works Cited
1215 words
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