Search Results

Free Essays
Unrated Essays
Better Essays
Stronger Essays
Powerful Essays
Term Papers
Research Papers

Your search returned over 400 essays for "utilitarianism"
1  2  3  4  5    Next >>

These results are sorted by most relevant first (ranked search). You may also sort these by color rating or essay length.

Title Length Color Rating  
Utilitarianism, Economics and Ethics - Imagine a child living in a hot, government owned apartment in Chicago. He has no father. With his single, jobless mother he struggles to the words of the founding fathers: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with inherent and inalienable Rights; that among these, are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness...” (The Declaration of Independence). This is one of the most famous phrases in the US Declaration of Independence and has become the underpinning of the dreams of millions of people around the world....   [tags: Flaws in Utilitarianism]
:: 7 Works Cited
1747 words
(5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Theory of Utilitarianism and the Innocent Baystander - The ultimate desire of humanity and the focal point of human endeavor has been that elusive beacon of life that flutters, flickers, teases but pleases only a few. That beacon of happiness is sought and hunted by all as the ultimate goal. In this essay, I will outline the theory of utilitarianism along with a very compelling objection to it, called the ‘innocent bystander’ objection. I will begin my paper by defining the ethical theory of utilitarianism, preference and hedonistic utilitarianism, lay out the innocent bystander objection and provide support....   [tags: utilitarianism, baystander objection]
:: 1 Works Cited
1450 words
(4.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
The History of Utilitarianism - Fudging records and misstating corporate revenue to management, shareholder, and the IRS is unlawful activity. Therefore, Alex in this case scenario must abide by the law and take the right action that is in accordance to the law. The ethical implications of this case the consequences of doing what it right to those who are involved in the scenario. This paper is going to analyze the theories of virtue ethicist, act utilitarianism, and Kant’s duty ethicists based on the given scenario for this case, and assume what a person representing these theories would recommend Alex as the right thing to do....   [tags: virtue ethicist, utilitarianism, Kant, duty ethics]
:: 1 Works Cited
1069 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism: The Greatest Happiness Principle - Utilitarianism was first brought up along the nourishing of “The Greatest Happiness Principle” introduced by Jeremy Bentham and further developed by John Stuart Mill, who was a follower of Bentham (Sweet, 2013). Based upon its principle, Utilitarianism states that to be good is to generate the greatest possible amount of happiness for the greatest number. In contrast with rational egoism, Utilitarianism focuses more on maximizing the overall net happiness of the majority. When facing a decision to make, utilitarianism provide us the evaluations of actions taken based upon their consequences (Sweet, 2013)....   [tags: utilitarianism, happiness principle, utilitarian] 525 words
(1.5 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism: Greatest Happiness Principle - Utilitarianism, originally introduced by Jeremy Bentham and extended by John Stuart Mill, (Mark Timmons, 2006) is an ethical theory which states that to be good is to deliver the greatest amount of happiness to most of the people based on the consequences of the action. Utilitarianism considers the good for the majority is the final solution rather than everyone severing only their own interests. Utilitarianism mainly focuses on the possible consequences of a decision....   [tags: utilitarianism, ethical theory, happiness] 1627 words
(4.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism and Its Shortcomings - Utilitarianism is the argument that all actions must be made for the greatest happiness for the greater number of people (Bentham, 42). However, utilitarianism cannot always be the basis of one’s decisions due to the fact that people need to look out for their own pain and pleasure before consulting others’ wellbeing. I will first explain the arguments of the utilitarianism ideal. Then I willl explain why this argument is unconvincing. Ultimately, I will then prove why people consider their own happiness before considering others....   [tags: Happiness, utilitarianism, Bentham]
:: 3 Works Cited
1268 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
John Stuart Mill's Selections From Utilitarianism - John Stuart Mill, a very important philosopher in the 19th century, is one of the earliest advocates of Utilitarianism. In his essay, Selections From Utilitarianism, Mill defines what the theory is and provides his responses to common misconceptions people have against it. Utility, or the Greatest Happiness Principle, states that “actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness” (77 Mill). Utilitarianism focuses on the general good of the world over individual pleasure....   [tags: Utilitarianism Essays] 580 words
(1.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Higher and Lower Pleasures: Their Effects on Millian Utilitarianism - In this paper, I examine Mill’s distinction between higher and lower pleasures that he presents in his Utilitarianism. Then, I raise objections to Mill’s distinction by focusing on the ambiguity of his definition of pleasures and his concept of the competent judge. I conclude that, with a recalculation of the definition of pleasures, his distinction of higher and lower pleasures can support a broader theory of utilitarianism. 1. Examining Mill’s Distinction Utilitarianism is a moral theory that is rooted in the belief that happiness, which is understood as pleasure and the privation of pain, is the only thing that is intrinsically good....   [tags: Utilitarianism, Mill's Distinction]
:: 5 Works Cited
1253 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
What does Utilitarianism Has to do with a Surgeon - The guiding principle, being utilitarianism, is to act in the way which will always produce the maximum overall amount of goodness in the world. The basic purpose of morality is making the world a much better place to live in (Hinman, 2014). Morality is also about producing some good consequences and not having any kind of good intension. It also states that we should be doing whatever brings the maximum benefit (intrinsic value) to the entire humanity. Case: rule utilitarian vs....   [tags: surgeon, utilitarianism, morality]
:: 2 Works Cited
1551 words
(4.4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism, by John Stuart Mill - Explain why Mill distinguishes between higher and lower pleasures and assess whether he achieves his aim or not. In his essay, Utilitarianism Mill elaborates on Utilitarianism as a moral theory and responds to misconceptions about it. Utilitarianism, in Mill’s words, is the view that »actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness.«1 In that way, Utilitarianism offers an answer to the fundamental question Ethics is concerned about: ‘How should one live?’ or ‘What is the good or right way to live?’....   [tags: Utilitarianism Essays]
:: 5 Works Cited
1395 words
(4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - This essay will present the key features of Utilitarianism and identify the problems of Utilitarianism to the extent to which they make Utilitarianism unacceptable. Jeremy Bentham founded Utilitarianism. He lived at a time of great change. With revolutions in France and America, demands were being made for human rights and greater democracy. Bentham worked on legal reform. Utilitarianism is associated with the principle of utility. Utility means the amount of satisfaction or pleasure that somebody gains from consuming a commodity, product, or service, i.e.; useful....   [tags: criticisms of utilitarianism] 1212 words
(3.5 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
The Theory of Classical Utilitarialism - In this essay, I will talk about the theory of classical utilitarianism. My objection will be about how classical utilitarianism ignores justice and moral rights, and I will argue how this can undermine the theory. I will then discuss how this theory cannot be saved from this objection. Classical utilitarianism is a form of consequentialism where actions are judged only by the consequences of the action (act based). According to Hodgson (1967), the act is only right if it was to have the best consequences for any alternative acts open to you....   [tags: utilitarialism,moral rights,consequentialism]
:: 6 Works Cited
1029 words
(2.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
John Rawls And Utilitarianism -      The social contract theory of John Rawls challenges utilitarianism by pointing out the impracticality of the theory. Mainly, in a society of utilitarians, a citizens rights could be completely ignored if injustice to this one citizen would benefit the rest of society. Rawls believes that a social contract theory, similar those proposed by Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau, would be a more logical solution to the question of fairness in any government. Social contract theory in general and including the views of Rawls, is such that in a situation where a society is established of people who are self interested, rational, and equal, the rules of justice are established by what is mutually acc...   [tags: Rawls Utilitarinism Philosophy Essays]
:: 2 Works Cited
2028 words
(5.8 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Is rule-utilitarianism preferable to act-utilitarianism - Is rule-utilitarianism preferable to act-utilitarianism. Classical utilitarianism is a normative ethical theory which holds that an action can only be considered as morally right where its consequences bring about the greatest amount of good to the greatest number (where 'good' is equal to pleasure minus pain). Likewise, an action is morally wrong where it fails to maximise good. Since it was first articulated in the late 19th Century by the likes of Jeremy Bentham and later John Stewart Mill, the classical approach to utilitarianism has since become the basis for many other consequentialist theories such as rule-utilitarianism and act-utilitarianism upon which this essay will focus (Driver,...   [tags: killing,ethical theory, consequentialism]
:: 4 Works Cited
1769 words
(5.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Deontology Will but Utilitarianism Will Not - Deontology Will but Utilitarianism Will Not My brother once introduced a song to me that described a scene so gruesome and so cruel that I could not help but shed a tear or two. This particular song was based on an experience by rapper, Immortal Technique. He encountered this in his youth when he was swept away by a lifestyle that promised riches and lavish things at a very expensive cost, the life of a gangster. The song starts off with a solemn tune and then moves on by telling the tale of Billy, a feeble young man desperate to prove he was evil; but what ever the case may be his greed over took him and he then decides to roll with the big thugs....   [tags: Philosophy ]
:: 4 Works Cited
1169 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
On Utilitarianism - In Utilitarianism, J.S. Mill gives an account for the reasons one must abide by the principles of Utilitarianism. Also referred to as the Greatest-happiness Principle, this doctrine promotes the greatest happiness for the greatest amount of people. More specifically, Utilitarianism is a form of consequentialism, holding that the right act is that which yields the greatest net utility, or "the total amount of pleasure minus the total amount of pain", for all individuals affected by said act (Joyce, lecture notes from 03/30)....   [tags: Ethics] 1122 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism in Government - In its political philosophy utilitarianism provides an alternative to theories of natural law and the social contract by basing the authority of government and the sanctity of individual rights upon their utility, or measure of happiness gained. As an egalitarian doctrine, where everyone’s happiness counts equally, the rational, relatively straightforward nature of utilitarianism offers an attractive model for democratic government. It offers practical methods for deciding the morally right course of action - “...an action is right as it tends to promote happiness, wrong as it tends to diminish it, for the party whose interests are in question” (Bentham, 1780)....   [tags: Government]
:: 1 Works Cited
1664 words
(4.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
On Utilitarianism and Kantian Ethics - 1. Introduction (Beginning unfinished) In this paper, I will introduce two arguments against Classical Utilitarianism and explain why they are compelling and tenable objections. I will then anticipate how a non-utilitarian Consequentialist might try to avoid these problems. In the last section, I will use the example of poverty relief to explain why Kantian Ethics immunes from the harsh criticisms faced by Utilitarian. 2. Two Objections to Classical Utilitarianism Classical Utilitarianism is the doctrine that an act is morally right if and only if it maximizes overall (actual or expected) utility, and each person’s utility is counted impartially in the calculation....   [tags: phylosophy, greek, classic]
:: 1 Works Cited
1357 words
(3.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Classical utilitarianism, the theory as described by 17th century philosopher John Stuart Mill, states that the only thing that matters is that are the happiness and unhappiness that is created as a consequence of an action; those actions are to be judged right or wrong solely by virtue of their consequences, everything else is irrelevant. The theory also states that each person’s happiness is equally important. According to Mill, the right actions are actions that produce the greatest possible balance of happiness over unhappiness....   [tags: Philosophy] 1269 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism is an ethical theory proposed by Jeremy Bentham and defended by James Mill. The theory says, that all the activities should be directed towards the accomplishment of the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people. Utilitarianism is impractical and very unrealistic because, it refuses to focus on the individuals values, morals, and happiness. Utilitarianism endorse risking ones life for the sake of other is not and in fact it rewards such behavior. Utilitarianism mentions that if the outcome of the one persons death saves many lives then therefore it is obligated to do so....   [tags: Psychology] 748 words
(2.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism seeks what is good for a human-being to receive pleasure and happiness; no matter if it causes pain. I’m looking for pleasure that will satisfy my inner being, because I consider myself to be the most important person here on earth and my happiness comes first. I decided, if my happiness is good for the people around me then at this point, I will allow it to flow and touch them as long as it doesn’t interfere with my pleasure. Taking a stand with utilitarianism is a risky and dangerous method of living our live because you will have a sense of loneliness that in the long run will not bring you happiness....   [tags: Religion]
:: 2 Works Cited
1034 words
(3 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Utilitarianism, by John Stuart Mill - In John Stuart Mill’s work Utilitarianism, Mill is trying to provide proof for his moral theory utilitarianism and disprove all the objections against it. Mill defines utilitarianism as a theory based on the principle that "actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness" (Ch. II, page 7). He calls this the “greatest happiness principle. Mill says, “No reason can be given why the general happiness is desirable, except the fact that each person desires his own happiness, so far as he thinks it is attainable....   [tags: Morality Principle, General Happiness]
:: 2 Works Cited
2028 words
(5.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism and the Case for Euthanasia - Unitarianism and the Case for Euthanasia One of greatest moral issues facing society today is that of freedom. Freedom is a principle that this country was founded on at the start of its inception. Freedom is still a cause that requires our attention. The great debate on simple liberties such as the right to decide what happens to one’s body is still an issue that society has failed to resolve. It is a moral quandary that will continue to be discussed and a deliberated on as long as humankind are free moral agents with personal moral preferences....   [tags: Argument For Assisted Suicide]
:: 4 Works Cited
1362 words
(3.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - The United States flag stands to the world as a signal of freedom and most importantly choice. The constitution gives our citizens that right to choose how to live life, how to use our liberty, and how to pursue our own happiness. But what happens when a citizen decides to opt for no life. Is that not a choice. This is the argument for one of the most controversial questions of the past decade, should assisted suicide be deemed legal in the United States. The root of the controversy is the involvement of medical community in such a choice....   [tags: Ethical Issues, Physician Assisted Suicide] 3159 words
(9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism in Dickens' "Hard Times" - ‘Hard Times’ is a wonderful story, but when one thinks about the reality that lies behind the work, the novel becomes a masterpiece. This novel becomes very important because utilitarianism was the main thought in Victorian era. Utilitarianism, “the forms of liberty and equality that will produce the greatest happiness depend on the state of the educational, political, economic, and social structure” (Harris). Everything is explained by logic and facts. It is easy for the reader to find out that Dickens teases this theory, but the exciting thing is how he does it through the characters....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
:: 3 Works Cited
1226 words
(3.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Unfinished theory of Utilitarianism - Introduction Utilitarianism is a school of thought from consequentialism. Consequentialists believe that we must guide our actions by the consequences that follow them. Utilitarian’s specifically believe that we should maximize happiness, and we ought to implement the actions that bring the most happiness overall. I will consider two cases from a utilitarian’s perspective, and then give reasons why this would not be a good theory to undertake. Our first main issue is conflicts with impartiality; a utilitarian is required to be impartial in order to produce greatest amount of happiness....   [tags: Consequentialism, School of Thought]
:: 3 Works Cited
1189 words
(3.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Torchwood, Egoism, and Utilitarianism - Torchwood’s third season “Children of Earth,” contains many momentous events which question human rationality, having good sagacity, judgment, and equanimity. Throughout these events two ethical philosophies unravel. The first philosophy, egoism, actions with solely one’s interests in mind, plays a major role in the season. Ethical egoists believe that one should look out for no one else but themselves, and a theory of psychological egoism states that whatever the reasoning is behind an action, the action is always an individual’s self-interest....   [tags: Literary Analysis]
:: 7 Works Cited
2066 words
(5.9 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
The Flaws of Act-Utilitarianism - In this paper I will argue that John Stuart Mill, the presenter of the most compelling theory of act-utilitarianism (AU), ultimately falls short in addressing the moral complexities which factor into man’s virtues and its effect on his motives for certain actions. John Stuart Mill’s core arguments follow and contrast many theories established by Jeremy Bentham. Combining the idea of consequentialism, that consequences of actions are the sole factor in moral evaluation, and hedonism—which states that pleasure is the sole factor in considering the value of overall intrinsic good—AU argues that an action is right if its consequences yield the greatest amount of happiness for the general well...   [tags: Mill vs. Bentham] 1551 words
(4.4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Mill's Utilitarianism - Mill’s Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is a consequentialist moral theory, meaning the morality of our actions is judged according to the consequences they bring about. According to utilitarianisms, all our actions should promote happiness. For Mill, happiness is intended pleasure and the absence of pain. In this paper, I will discuss the objection to Utilitarianism that is only fit for a swine, and Mill’s responses to that objection. Those people who reject this moral theory will say utilitarianism does not grant human life enough value compared to that of a pig....   [tags: moral theory, happiness]
:: 1 Works Cited
984 words
(2.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Theory of Utilitarianism - THEORY-- The theory of Utilitarianism states that actions should be judged as right or wrong depending on whether they cause more happiness or unhappiness. It weighs the rightness and wrongness of an action based on consequences of that action. PRINCIPLES-- (1) CONSEQUENCE PRINCIPLE: Actions are to be judged right or wrong mainly by their own consequences. Nothing else matters. Right actions are those that have the best consequences. -No act is right in and of it self. -No act is wrong in and of it self....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 1 Works Cited
519 words
(1.5 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
The Effect of Utilitarianism - The importance of human life, is really relative to the person is evaluating it. It differs from person to person. To me, I value life dearly, because everything which has happened to me is pleasant so far. But to some other people, it may not have been such an enjoyable experience. And in some cases, people change their view of human life, as incidents happen which affects the way they evaluate the importance of their lives. Such as people who experienced near-death, or people who attained freedom after long periods of hardship and torture....   [tags: essays research papers] 1415 words
(4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Deontology and Utilitarianism: Ethical Theories for Nurses - Deontology and Utilitarianism: Ethical Theories for Nurses Ethics is not a concept that is thought about often, but it is practiced on a daily basis. Even while unconscious of the fact, people consider ethics while making every choice in life. There are many theories to which people allude, but two radically different theories that are sometimes practiced are deontology and utilitarianism. Deontology deals with actions in a situation while utilitarianism examines the consequences of those actions....   [tags: immanuel kant, philosophy]
:: 3 Works Cited
1121 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Philosophy: Two Differetn Types of Utilitarianism - John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) was one of the leading British moral philosophers of the nineteen-century (Feinberg, 596). As presented in class, Mill’s principle of utility is known as the greatest happiness principle which is defined as “actions are right as they tend to promote happiness and wrong as they tend to promote unhappiness” or in simple words “right actions maximize overall happiness” (Feinberg, 597). Mills definition of happiness is seen as “pleasure absent of pain” (Feinberg, 597). There are two different types of utilitarianism: act and rule....   [tags: switch case, fat man case, kant]
:: 1 Works Cited
1423 words
(4.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism and Retributivism Views of Capital Punishment - The court handles all cases with extreme seriousness; however, different cases are handled differently. For instance, murder cases have different pre-trial procedures to be followed as compared to a case like violation of traffic rules. This paper outlines philosophers’ view of punishment and how the County District Court Division handles capital punishment. To begin with, punishment is an act that involves intentional infliction of agony or misery to a person for wrong doing, with the aim of correction....   [tags: Capital Punishment, Death Penalty]
:: 2 Works Cited
665 words
(1.9 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism: Declaring My College Major - Every college student who wants to graduate has to choose a major. Some decide their major while they are in high school, others come to college having a general feel of what they want to pursue but do not decide on a major until they take some classes they are interested in. Unfortunately, I have not chosen a major and need to choose one by the end of the semester in order to enroll again. I want to choose the major through which I can do the most moral good. However, without holding to any philosophy concerning moral good, I have realized choosing this major is quite difficult....   [tags: Personal Decision] 1154 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Discussion of Utilitarianism - Discussion of Utilitarianism In this paper I will be discussing utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is the theory proposing the principle of utility as the correct ethical standard. I will also be talking about the THEORY of RIGHT CONDUCT, which is also a part of moral theory. I have been asked to prove if Bentham or Mills’ version of utilitarianism is right for the sadistic voyeur case. I will begin by telling you about the case. Case: this man enjoys watching women being brutally raped; he is locked in a room....   [tags: Papers] 820 words
(2.3 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Flaws with Utilitarianism - Among the most glaring problems that I see with Utilitarianism is its inclusion of animals under the umbrella that blankets this theory. It seems irrefutable that there exists an inordinate number of cases where the consequence that is against the best interest of an animal is favorable to humans, yet that dictating action is one that has been continually taken and condoned by the general public. This is a fundamental challenge, as the Utilitarian philosophy decrees that the pleasure and pain experienced by all individuals, including animals, has equal worth and must be considered when determining the net benefit of an action’s consequences....   [tags: essays research papers] 637 words
(1.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism: Explanation And Study of Criticisms - Utilitarianism: Explanation And Study of Criticisms The dictionary definition of Utilitarianism is: 'The doctrine that the greatest happiness of the greatest number should be the guiding principal of conduct.' When making a moral decision, we should look at the outcome of an action. Whatever brings the greatest happiness to the most people is the morally 'right' decision. It is a consequentialist principal where the majority rules. It is also relative as each situation is looked at differently and will have a different outcome....   [tags: Papers] 3062 words
(8.7 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is a consequentialist ethical theory. An action is right or wrong based on its consequences. John Stuart Mill was an important philosopher in developing the idea of utilitarianism. Utilitarianism holds that any action that results in a greater amount of happiness in the world is a right action and any action that results in pain or less happiness is wrong. Utilitarianism can be divided into different versions. Act utilitarianism is one of the versions of utilitarianism....   [tags: Papers] 539 words
(1.5 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
A Brief Analysis of John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism - This work has probably received more analysis than any other work on utilitarianism available. However, I seek to do here what many others have been unable to accomplish so far. I hope to, in five paragraphs, cover each of the chapters of Utilitarianism in enough depth to allow any reader to decide whether or not they subscribe to Mill's doctrine, and if so, which part or parts they subscribe to. I do this with the realization that much of Mill's deliberation in the text will be completely gone....   [tags: Literature Review]
:: 1 Works Cited
1084 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism There are many essays, papers and books written on the concept of right and wrong. Philosophers have theorized about moral actions for eons, one such philosopher is John Stuart Mill. In his book Utilitarianism he tries to improve on the theories of utilitarianism from previous philosophers, as he is a strong believer himself in the theory. In Mill's book he presents the ideology that there is another branch on the utilitarian tree. This branch being called rule-utilitarianism. Mill makes a distinction between two different types of utilitarianism; act-utilitarianism and rule-utilitarianism....   [tags: Papers] 1254 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism What is Utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is a philosophical concept that holds an action to be held right if it tends to promote happiness for the greatest number of people. Utilitarians define the morally right actions as those actions that maximize some non-moral good or happiness and minimize some non-moral evil. Pleasure is an example of a non-moral good and pain is an example of a non- moral evil. A utilitarian will fous on the consequences of an act rather than on the intristic nature of the act or the motives of the agent....   [tags: Papers] 779 words
(2.2 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Jeremy Bentham : Father of Utilitarianism - Assess the merits of Utilitarianism (24 Marks) Utilitarianism is a theory aimed at defining one simple basis that can be applied when making any ethical decision. It is based on a human’s natural instinct to seek pleasure and avoid pain. Jeremy Bentham is widely regarded as the father of utilitarianism. He was born in 1748 into a family of lawyers and was himself, training to join the profession. During this process however, he became disillusioned by the state British law was in and set out to reform the system into a perfect one based on the ‘Greatest Happiness Principle,’ ‘the idea that pleasurable consequences are what qualify an action as being morally good’....   [tags: Ethics Morals Philosophy] 1451 words
(4.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Critique Of Bentham's Quantitative Utilitarianism - Over time, the actions of mankind have been the victim of two vague labels, right and wrong. The criteria for these labels are not clearly defined, but they still seem to be the standard by which the actions of man are judged. There are some people that abide by a deontological view when it comes to judging the nature of actions; the deontological view holds that it is a person's intention that makes an action right or wrong. On the other hand there is the teleological view which holds that it is the result of an action is what makes that act right or wrong....   [tags: essays research papers] 1762 words
(5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism The principle of Utilitarianism ‘greatest happiness of the greatest number’ can be traced back to Frances Hutchinson and David Hume of Scotland in the 18th century. Utilitarianism theory was developed first by Jeremy Bentham. His student John Stuart Mill who is the most famous Utilitarian then took on this theory. America had fought for and gained their independence from the British to obtain their freedom and greater democracy....   [tags: Papers] 704 words
(2 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism in Crime and Punishment - Utilitarianism in Crime and Punishment       Raskolnikov's mathematical evaluation of the moral dilemma presented to him in Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment exemplifies the empirical view of utilitarianism.  Utilitarianism attempts to distinguish between right and wrong by measuring a decision based on its calculated worth.  Raskolnikov appears to employ the fundamentals of utilitarianism by pitting the negative consequences of murdering his old landlady against the positive benefits that her money would bestow onto society.  However, a true follower of utilitarianism would be outraged at Raskolnikov's claim that murdering the old woman can be considered morally r...   [tags: Crime Punishment Essays]
:: 5 Works Cited
1878 words
(5.4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is the greatest good of the greatest number. It takes the view that an action is right if it is likely to produce the best consequences compared to all the other possible actions. The best consequences are those which involve the maximization of what is good and the minimization of what is bad. The worst consequences are which involve the maximization of what is bad and the minimization of what is good. The basic premise is the idea that the greatest good comes from creating happiness for the greatest number of people....   [tags: Papers] 946 words
(2.7 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is mainly associated with the principle of Utility summarised by Jeremy Bentham, a social reformer, in 1768. This principle was to apply ‘the greatest good of the greatest number’ theory to all situations that may arise. This theory was that which is good is the act which provides the greatest amount of pleasure and the least amount of pain....   [tags: Papers] 1020 words
(2.9 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism The most important question of all is what should one do since the ultimate purpose of answering questions is either to satisfy curiosity or to decide which action to take. Complicated analysis is often required to answer that question. Beyond ordinary analysis, one must also have a system of values, and the correct system of values is utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is the system of values stating that maximizing the total happiness of all people is good. Happiness of people should be sacrificed only to bring greater happiness to other people....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Papers] 2011 words
(5.7 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is a moral theory that has long been the subject of philosophical debate. This theory, when practiced, appears to set a very basic guideline to follow when one is faced with a moral dilemma. Fundamental Utilitarianism states that when a moral dilemma arises, one should take action that causes favorable results or reduces less favorable results. If these less favorable results, or pain, occur from this action, it can be justified if it is produced to prevent more pain or produce happiness....   [tags: Papers] 738 words
(2.1 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism The concept of sustainable development is an attempt to balance two moral demands placed on the environment. The first demand is for development, including economic development or growth. It arises mainly from the interests of people who live in developing countries. Their present poverty gives them a low quality of life and calls urgently for steps to improve their quality of life. The second demand is for sustainability, for ensuring that we do not risk the future in the sake of gains in the present....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 3 Works Cited
1084 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Philosphy: Criticism and The Way People Perceive Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism is a ethical belief that if an deed seized creates extra good than bad for all than that deed ought to be taken. It is the calculation of the conclude result of meteorological conditions your decision will lead to a good cause or not. If the deed brings happiness to all, than you are acting the right thing. John Stuart Mill, acknowledged for this theory, explains that utilitarianism is a theory established on the pursuing, “actions are right in proportion as they incline to advance happiness, wrong as they incline to produce the reverse of happiness”....   [tags: ethical thinking, hapiness]
:: 1 Works Cited
1103 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism *Missing Works Cited* The principal of utility is to maximize the happiness in ones self by using benefits misusing the harms. It acts as to produce advantage, pleasure, good or happiness and the greatest net balance of benefits over harms for all affected impartially. In Utilitarianism, J.S. Mill was trying to show that actions and institutions should increase the overall amount of happiness in the world, and stressed the importance of utilitarianism as the first principle in ethics....   [tags: Papers] 890 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism This was written in responce to the following questions: What is the principle of utility. Do you regard it as an adequate basis for judging the progress of society or the desirability of different social institutions. What are its virtues and limitations. How would a utilitarian aproach to judging society differ from a more traditional moral approach. The principle of utility was Jeremy Bentham's idea on how society progresses through maintaining the greatest happiness / good for the greatest number of people....   [tags: Philosophy essays] 546 words
(1.6 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Bentham's Utilitarianism in Victorian England - Bentham's Utilitarianism in Victorian England   The philosophy of Utilitarianism influenced many of the social reforms in Great Britain during the early half of the nineteenth century. The name most frequently associated with Utilitarianism is that of Jeremy Bentham. Bentham's philosophical principles extended into the realm of government. These principles have been associated with several reform acts entered into English law such as the Factory Act of 1833, the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834, the Prison Act of 1835, the Municipal Corporations Act of 1835, the Committee on Education in 1839,the Lunacy Act of 1845, and the Public Health Act of 1845....   [tags: European Europe History]
:: 5 Works Cited
2067 words
(5.9 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
John Stuart Mill and Utilitarianism - John Stuart Mill and Utilitarianism Utilitarianism defined, is the contention that a man should judge everything based on the ability to promote the greatest individual happiness. In other words Utilitarianism states that good is what brings the most happiness to the most people. John Stuart Mill based his utilitarian principle on the decisions that we make. He says the decisions should always benefit the most people as much as possible no matter what the consequences might be. Mill says that we should weigh the outcomes and make our decisions based on the outcome that benefits the majority of the people....   [tags: Philosophy Morality John Stuart Mill ] 1321 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Louis Pojman’s Ethics: Discovering Right and Wrong - Utilitarianism is a theory which states that the purpose of morality is to achieve maximal goodness in a society. It is consequentialist rather than deontological in that the moral value of ethical decisions are to be judged in terms of their effects, rather than the intrinsic properties of the acts themselves. Those effects are deemed good which generate the most pleasure or happiness, or which minimize overall pain. There are two classical types of utilitarianism which will be under our consideration: act-utilitarianism and rule-utilitarianism....   [tags: Utilitarianism 2014]
:: 1 Works Cited
1698 words
(4.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Kantianism and Utilitarianism in a Company´s Lay Off Procedure - There has been a recent spike in the number of cases of employers terminating the service of their employees in the recent years. Some notable companies who have laid off staff include the aircraft manufacturer, Boeing, HSBC, and General Motors, mostly due to cost reduction exercises and outsourcing (Strain 2014, Lewis 2014). However, there have been some cases where companies are laying off staff due to advancements in technology and implementation of new systems, and one of these companies include Hewlett-Packard (HP), where the company was rapidly trimming down it’s 350 000-person workforce with new technology, with an estimated of 15000 job cuts from the middle of 2013 till the end of th...   [tags: Fired, Jobless, Technology]
:: 7 Works Cited
1182 words
(3.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism by John Stuart Mill - Utilitarianism by John Stuart Mill John Stuart Mill, in his Utilitarianism, turns morality into a practical problem. His moral theory is designed to help one evaluate his moral principles and senisibilites and be able to ajudicate conflictions in moral conflicts. Mill postulates that actions are right so far as they tend to promote happiness and minimize pain. This theory manifests itself as an impartial promotion of happiness. Morally "right" actions are ones which promote the greatest happiness for the greatest number number of people and reduce pain....   [tags: Philosophy Ethics] 2814 words
(8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Kant vs. Mill: Human Rights and Utilitarianism - Introduction One of the main reasons why human rights have been put in place is to protect the public life and public space of every individual being. One fundamental characteristic of human rights is that they are equal rights; they are aimed at providing protection to every person in an equal way. These rights have been entrenched through laws that are passed by states and international conventions. Human rights laws have evolved over time, and have been shaped by several factors, including philosophical theories in the past....   [tags: Consensual Morality, Philosophy]
:: 10 Works Cited
1725 words
(4.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Bernard Williams and Utilitarianism - The utilitarian faces many problems because he loses any ability to live a personal life. By this is meant that in making decisions the utilitarian must consider the steps which lead to the highest level of goodness in society. The utilitarian reaches for the greatest good for the greatest number of people. Two main aspects dominate the light of utilitarian beliefs. The consequentialist principle explains that in determining the rightness or wrongness of an act one must examine the results that will follow....   [tags: Ethics] 686 words
(2 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Kantian Ethics vs. Utilitarianism - 1. Explain Onora O’neil’s argument for preferring Kantian ethics to Utilitarianism. 2. How would Richard Taylor respond to O’neil’s defense of Kantianism. In the following questions, Onora O’neil defends Kantian ethics while Richard Taylor agrees more with the Utilitarian ethics view. To fully understand both views and why each author defends their view, a brief introduction of each author and who they are is necessary. Onora O’neil is a philosophy professor at Cambridge University, while Richard Taylor also teaches philosophy, at the University of Rochester....   [tags: essays research papers] 1188 words
(3.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism And Kantian Ethics - Utilitarianism and Kantian Ethics Ethics is one part of philosophy that will always be studied, and like most subjects in philosophy, will never be viewed the same by everyone. There are so many cultures that have so many different beliefs about the way a person's life should be lived out. Things like religion, poverty, and mental health all contribute to our beliefs in ethics. Some people believe that the mental state of a person or the motive for that person committing a crime should be factors when sentencing time comes....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 1 Works Cited
1184 words
(3.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Contemporary Political Philosophy by Will Kymlicka - Will Kymlicka’s book, “Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Introduction,” discusses various political philosophies including utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is made up many different aspects including different accounts. The account of utility that I will be discussing is the informed preference satisfaction. Like any part of philosophy, this account of utility has its strengths and weaknesses in practicality and plausibility. I believe that the informed preferences account is a practical attempt to ensure a person’s or society’s well-being is maximized in a well informed and rational way of decision making....   [tags: utilitarianism, government]
:: 1 Works Cited
1284 words
(3.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Mill's Utilitarianism - Mill's Utilitarianism When faced with a moral dilemma, utilitarianism identifies the appropriate considerations, but offers no realistic way to gather the necessary information to make the required calculations. This lack of information is a problem both in evaluating the welfare issues and in evaluating the consequentialist issues which utilitarianism requires be weighed when making moral decisions. Utilitarianism attempts to solve both of these difficulties by appealing to experience; however, no method of reconciling an individual decision with the rules of experience is suggested, and no relative weights are assigned to the various considerations....   [tags: essays research papers] 1327 words
(3.8 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Explaining Utilitarianism - Explaining Utilitarianism Utilitarianism, in its most basic form is ' the greatest happiness for the greatest number'. Coming from the Latin word, 'utilis', which means useful. Jeremy Bentham wrote, in one of his books in 1789, that utility is, 'a property in any object, whereby it tends to produce benefit, advantage, pleasure, good, or happiness…or… to prevent the happenings of mischief, pain, evil, or unhappiness'. It is easy to assume that utilitarianism is based on the fact that if something is useful, then it is moral....   [tags: Papers] 1048 words
(3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Political Philosophy: Kant's Hypothesis - Kant's hypothesis could be ordered as a deonotological on the grounds that "movements are not surveyed to be ethically allowable on the premise of outcomes they handle, yet rather on the manifestation of the operator's will in acting," (Schweickart, 35) consequently his activities are focused around obligation and not noteworthy. Kantianism is focused around three standards: proverbs, willing, and the unmitigated basic. Kant states that a saying is a "general guideline or standard which will clarify what an individual takes himself to be doing and the circumstances in which he takes himself to be doing it" (Schweickart, 42)....   [tags: utilitarianism, kantianism]
:: 4 Works Cited
948 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Comparison of Jeremy Bentham’s and John Mill’s theories - Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill, were both english philosophers that were born around the same time period, Bentham in 1748, and Mill in 1806. What these two had even more in common would be the fact that they were both major benefactors of Utilitarianism. Jeremy Bentham was known for a few things, he was a philosopher, an economist, a theoretical jurist, and one of the chief expounders and developers of Utilitarianism (Encyclopædia Britannica Online, s. v. "Jeremy Bentham"). John Stuart Mill was also known for several things that he has done....   [tags: utilitarianism, utility, utilitarians]
:: 3 Works Cited
1349 words
(3.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism vs. Kantianism - Utilitarianism vs. Kantianism Ethics can be defined as "the conscious reflection on our moral beliefs with the aim of improving, extending or refining those beliefs in some way." (Dodds, Lecture 2) Kantian moral theory and Utilitarianism are two theories that attempt to answer the ethical nature of human beings. This paper will attempt to explain how and why Kantian moral theory and Utilitarianism differ as well as discuss why I believe Kant's theory provides a more plausible account of ethics....   [tags: Papers Immanuel Kant Ethics Morals]
:: 4 Works Cited
1353 words
(3.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Act and Rule Utilitarianism: Article Review - “The only rational course of action is to allow people to override the rules in the interest of the greatest utility.” Act and Rule Utilitarianism are said to be very similar and maybe even collapse into each other when trying to distinguish one from the other. One article has distinguished between act and rule utilitarianism by referring to them as "extreme" and "restricted" utilitarianism. This article claims that the extreme or act version of utilitarianism will use the rules of morality as rules of thumb only....   [tags: essays research papers] 842 words
(2.4 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Comparing Utilitarianism and the Judeo-Christian Ethic - Utilitarianism is the ethical doctrine which essentially states that which is good is that which brings about the most happiness to the most people. John Stuart Mill believed that the decisions we make should always benefit the most people as much as possible regardless of the consequences to the minority or even yourself. He would say all that matters in the decision of right versus wrong is the amount of happiness produced by the consequences. In the decisions we make Mill would say that we need to weigh the outcomes and make our decision based on that outcome that benefits the majority....   [tags: John Stuart Mill, Augustine] 661 words
(1.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism vs. Cultural and Ethical Relativism - Utilitarianism vs. Cultural and Ethical Relativism Utilitarianism is an example of Consequentialist Ethics, where the morality of an action is determined by its accomplishing its desired results. In both scenarios the desired result was to save the lives of thousands of people in the community. Therefore, a Utilitarian would say that the actions taken in both of the scenarios are moral. Since an (Act) Utilitarian believes that actions should be judged according to the results it achieves. Happiness should not be simply one's own, but that of the greatest number....   [tags: Papers] 718 words
(2.1 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Industrialization and Utilitarianism in Dickens' Hard Times - Industrialization and Utilitarianism in Dickens' Hard Times     Charles Dickens uses his fictitious town in Hard Times to represent the industrialization of England at that time or close to it. Most of this representation, however, isn't accurately described compared the way things really were during industrialization. It is important to remember throughout this paper that not only is Hard Times a work of fiction, it was meant to be a satire, a parody of ideas and ways of thinking at the time....   [tags: GCSE English Literature Coursework]
:: 7 Works Cited
1490 words
(4.3 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
John Stuart Mill - John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) completely changed definition of nineteenth century British views and political discussion. Mill argues for essential experimentation in logic and mathematics implying the primary principles of logic and mathematics are observations instead than know as a priori. Mill's principle of utility is that “actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness” (Mills, J., 1852), this was Mill's focus on ethical philosophy....   [tags: utilitarianism, philosophy]
:: 3 Works Cited
868 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Ethics in Nursing - Deontology vs. Utilitarianism Deontology is an ethical theory concerned with duties and rights. The founder of deontological ethics was a German philosopher named Immanuel Kant. Kant’s deontological perspective implies people are sensitive to moral duties that require or prohibit certain behaviors, irrespective of the consequences (Tanner, Medin, & Iliev, 2008). The main focus of deontology is duty: deontology is derived from the Greek word deon, meaning duty. A duty is morally mandated action, for instance, the duty never to lie and always to keep your word....   [tags: Deontology, Utilitarianism] 1924 words
(5.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Ethical Approach to Utalitarianism - Companies are faced with difficult decisions they have to make on a daily basis and Pegasus International Inc. is no exception (Freeman, 1991). In attempt to make the right choice, business ethics are implemented; which states the human conduct that is wrong or right in a business context (Shaw, 2011: 8) A moral or ethical dilemma is when an agent must make a decision between two ethically compromising choices (White Hat Communications, 2014). In this scenario, Oswald faces a moral dilemma because he has to make a choice whether or not to expand the company by operating in China (Hackworth & Shanks, 2007)....   [tags: Companies, Financial Obligations, Businesses]
:: 14 Works Cited
1582 words
(4.5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Mill’s Theory of Justice Succeeds Rawls’ Theory of Justice - In A Theory of Justice, John Rawls argues that justice as fairness is a better theory of justice than John Stuart Mill’s utilitarianism. Rawls argues that in the hypothetical case of the original position a rational individual would choose to abide by his two principles of justice as fairness. Mill presents his theory of justice in Utilitarianism. Mill argues for justice as sentiment. I will summarize both Mill’s and Rawls’ argument for our sense of justice. Then, I will explain how Rawls objects to Mill’s sense of justice on the grounds that utilitarianism does not make a serious distinction between persons....   [tags: justice, utilitarianism, utilitarian]
:: 2 Works Cited
1366 words
(3.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
What is Wrong with Slavery?: Utilitarian Thought - In Philosophical Ethics, Utilitarianism is the doctrine that our actions are right if the outcome of our actions generate the greatest happiness amongst the majority. However, in “What is Wrong with Slavery?” some objectors of utilitarianism have tried to dismiss this moral reasoning as to having any importance by blaming the awful actions of slave traders and slave owners on utilitarianism. They attack this doctrine by saying that utilitarianism is a belief system that can either praise or condemn slavery, and utilitarianism easily commend slavery if a majority of the people visualize a slave-owning society as the most beneficial and generate greatest happiness....   [tags: utilitarianism, slavery, slave trade] 733 words
(2.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Weyco Inc.: No Smoking Policy Outside or Inside Workplace - The people in the workplace can be categorize into two groups: the employer and the employees. The employees work for their employer and in turn the employer has the duty and responsibility to ensure that the minimum safety requirements are met. However, employers are not required to provide health insurance benefits to their employees. More often than not, providing health insurance benefits is very costly to the employer and in an attempt to mitigate the costs, employers’ encourage employee participation in various healthy lifestyle programs and initiatives as well as providing incentives for their participation in such programs....   [tags: deontology, health insurance, utilitarianism]
:: 1 Works Cited
1115 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism or God, do we have to choose? - Utilitarianism or God, do we have to choose. During many years that question is being formulated and many scholars had a very difficult time to decide if it was possible to follow God’s will and the principle of utility maximization. The principle of utility maximization was a theory created by John Stuart Mill and presented in his book Utilitarianism (1863). Societies throughout the years have argued that those theories are hard to combine, since Utilitarianism seeks for self-development and God’s teachings seek for community growth....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 5 Works Cited
1550 words
(4.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]


Your search returned over 400 essays for "utilitarianism"
1  2  3  4  5    Next >>