Search Results utilitarianism

Free Essays
Unrated Essays
Better Essays
Stronger Essays
Powerful Essays
Term Papers
Research Papers

Your search returned over 400 essays for "utilitarianism"
[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [Next >>]

These results are sorted by most relevant first (ranked search). You may also sort these by color rating or essay length.

Title Length Color Rating  
Utilitarianism - This essay will present the key features of Utilitarianism and identify the problems of Utilitarianism to the extent to which they make Utilitarianism unacceptable. Jeremy Bentham founded Utilitarianism. He lived at a time of great change. With revolutions in France and America, demands were being made for human rights and greater democracy. Bentham worked on legal reform. Utilitarianism is associated with the principle of utility. Utility means the amount of satisfaction or pleasure that somebody gains from consuming a commodity, product, or service, i.e.; useful....   [tags: criticisms of utilitarianism] 1212 words
(3.5 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Classical utilitarianism, the theory as described by 17th century philosopher John Stuart Mill, states that the only thing that matters is that are the happiness and unhappiness that is created as a consequence of an action; those actions are to be judged right or wrong solely by virtue of their consequences, everything else is irrelevant. The theory also states that each person’s happiness is equally important. According to Mill, the right actions are actions that produce the greatest possible balance of happiness over unhappiness....   [tags: Philosophy] 1269 words
(3.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism is an ethical theory proposed by Jeremy Bentham and defended by James Mill. The theory says, that all the activities should be directed towards the accomplishment of the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people. Utilitarianism is impractical and very unrealistic because, it refuses to focus on the individuals values, morals, and happiness. Utilitarianism endorse risking ones life for the sake of other is not and in fact it rewards such behavior. Utilitarianism mentions that if the outcome of the one persons death saves many lives then therefore it is obligated to do so....   [tags: Psychology] 748 words
(2.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism seeks what is good for a human-being to receive pleasure and happiness; no matter if it causes pain. I’m looking for pleasure that will satisfy my inner being, because I consider myself to be the most important person here on earth and my happiness comes first. I decided, if my happiness is good for the people around me then at this point, I will allow it to flow and touch them as long as it doesn’t interfere with my pleasure. Taking a stand with utilitarianism is a risky and dangerous method of living our live because you will have a sense of loneliness that in the long run will not bring you happiness....   [tags: Religion]
:: 2 Works Cited
1034 words
(3 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - The United States flag stands to the world as a signal of freedom and most importantly choice. The constitution gives our citizens that right to choose how to live life, how to use our liberty, and how to pursue our own happiness. But what happens when a citizen decides to opt for no life. Is that not a choice. This is the argument for one of the most controversial questions of the past decade, should assisted suicide be deemed legal in the United States. The root of the controversy is the involvement of medical community in such a choice....   [tags: Ethical Issues, Physician Assisted Suicide] 3159 words
(9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is a consequentialist ethical theory. An action is right or wrong based on its consequences. John Stuart Mill was an important philosopher in developing the idea of utilitarianism. Utilitarianism holds that any action that results in a greater amount of happiness in the world is a right action and any action that results in pain or less happiness is wrong. Utilitarianism can be divided into different versions. Act utilitarianism is one of the versions of utilitarianism....   [tags: Papers] 539 words
(1.5 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism There are many essays, papers and books written on the concept of right and wrong. Philosophers have theorized about moral actions for eons, one such philosopher is John Stuart Mill. In his book Utilitarianism he tries to improve on the theories of utilitarianism from previous philosophers, as he is a strong believer himself in the theory. In Mill's book he presents the ideology that there is another branch on the utilitarian tree. This branch being called rule-utilitarianism. Mill makes a distinction between two different types of utilitarianism; act-utilitarianism and rule-utilitarianism....   [tags: Papers] 1254 words
(3.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism What is Utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is a philosophical concept that holds an action to be held right if it tends to promote happiness for the greatest number of people. Utilitarians define the morally right actions as those actions that maximize some non-moral good or happiness and minimize some non-moral evil. Pleasure is an example of a non-moral good and pain is an example of a non- moral evil. A utilitarian will fous on the consequences of an act rather than on the intristic nature of the act or the motives of the agent....   [tags: Papers] 779 words
(2.2 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism The principle of Utilitarianism ‘greatest happiness of the greatest number’ can be traced back to Frances Hutchinson and David Hume of Scotland in the 18th century. Utilitarianism theory was developed first by Jeremy Bentham. His student John Stuart Mill who is the most famous Utilitarian then took on this theory. America had fought for and gained their independence from the British to obtain their freedom and greater democracy....   [tags: Papers] 704 words
(2 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is the greatest good of the greatest number. It takes the view that an action is right if it is likely to produce the best consequences compared to all the other possible actions. The best consequences are those which involve the maximization of what is good and the minimization of what is bad. The worst consequences are which involve the maximization of what is bad and the minimization of what is good. The basic premise is the idea that the greatest good comes from creating happiness for the greatest number of people....   [tags: Papers] 946 words
(2.7 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is mainly associated with the principle of Utility summarised by Jeremy Bentham, a social reformer, in 1768. This principle was to apply ‘the greatest good of the greatest number’ theory to all situations that may arise. This theory was that which is good is the act which provides the greatest amount of pleasure and the least amount of pain....   [tags: Papers] 1020 words
(2.9 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism The most important question of all is what should one do since the ultimate purpose of answering questions is either to satisfy curiosity or to decide which action to take. Complicated analysis is often required to answer that question. Beyond ordinary analysis, one must also have a system of values, and the correct system of values is utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is the system of values stating that maximizing the total happiness of all people is good. Happiness of people should be sacrificed only to bring greater happiness to other people....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Papers] 2011 words
(5.7 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is a moral theory that has long been the subject of philosophical debate. This theory, when practiced, appears to set a very basic guideline to follow when one is faced with a moral dilemma. Fundamental Utilitarianism states that when a moral dilemma arises, one should take action that causes favorable results or reduces less favorable results. If these less favorable results, or pain, occur from this action, it can be justified if it is produced to prevent more pain or produce happiness....   [tags: Papers] 738 words
(2.1 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism The concept of sustainable development is an attempt to balance two moral demands placed on the environment. The first demand is for development, including economic development or growth. It arises mainly from the interests of people who live in developing countries. Their present poverty gives them a low quality of life and calls urgently for steps to improve their quality of life. The second demand is for sustainability, for ensuring that we do not risk the future in the sake of gains in the present....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 3 Sources Cited
1084 words
(3.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
On Utilitarianism - In Utilitarianism, J.S. Mill gives an account for the reasons one must abide by the principles of Utilitarianism. Also referred to as the Greatest-happiness Principle, this doctrine promotes the greatest happiness for the greatest amount of people. More specifically, Utilitarianism is a form of consequentialism, holding that the right act is that which yields the greatest net utility, or "the total amount of pleasure minus the total amount of pain", for all individuals affected by said act (Joyce, lecture notes from 03/30)....   [tags: Ethics] 1122 words
(3.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism *Missing Works Cited* The principal of utility is to maximize the happiness in ones self by using benefits misusing the harms. It acts as to produce advantage, pleasure, good or happiness and the greatest net balance of benefits over harms for all affected impartially. In Utilitarianism, J.S. Mill was trying to show that actions and institutions should increase the overall amount of happiness in the world, and stressed the importance of utilitarianism as the first principle in ethics....   [tags: Papers] 890 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism This was written in responce to the following questions: What is the principle of utility. Do you regard it as an adequate basis for judging the progress of society or the desirability of different social institutions. What are its virtues and limitations. How would a utilitarian aproach to judging society differ from a more traditional moral approach. The principle of utility was Jeremy Bentham's idea on how society progresses through maintaining the greatest happiness / good for the greatest number of people....   [tags: Philosophy essays] 546 words
(1.6 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
John Rawls And Utilitarianism -      The social contract theory of John Rawls challenges utilitarianism by pointing out the impracticality of the theory. Mainly, in a society of utilitarians, a citizens rights could be completely ignored if injustice to this one citizen would benefit the rest of society. Rawls believes that a social contract theory, similar those proposed by Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau, would be a more logical solution to the question of fairness in any government. Social contract theory in general and including the views of Rawls, is such that in a situation where a society is established of people who are self interested, rational, and equal, the rules of justice are established by what is mutually acceptable and agreed upon by all the people therein....   [tags: Rawls Utilitarinism Philosophy Essays]
:: 2 Works Cited
2028 words
(5.8 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Utilitarianism in Government - In its political philosophy utilitarianism provides an alternative to theories of natural law and the social contract by basing the authority of government and the sanctity of individual rights upon their utility, or measure of happiness gained. As an egalitarian doctrine, where everyone’s happiness counts equally, the rational, relatively straightforward nature of utilitarianism offers an attractive model for democratic government. It offers practical methods for deciding the morally right course of action - “...an action is right as it tends to promote happiness, wrong as it tends to diminish it, for the party whose interests are in question” (Bentham, 1780)....   [tags: Government]
:: 1 Works Cited
1664 words
(4.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Deontology Will but Utilitarianism Will Not - Deontology Will but Utilitarianism Will Not My brother once introduced a song to me that described a scene so gruesome and so cruel that I could not help but shed a tear or two. This particular song was based on an experience by rapper, Immortal Technique. He encountered this in his youth when he was swept away by a lifestyle that promised riches and lavish things at a very expensive cost, the life of a gangster. The song starts off with a solemn tune and then moves on by telling the tale of Billy, a feeble young man desperate to prove he was evil; but what ever the case may be his greed over took him and he then decides to roll with the big thugs....   [tags: Philosophy ]
:: 4 Works Cited
1169 words
(3.3 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Mill's Utilitarianism - Mill's Utilitarianism When faced with a moral dilemma, utilitarianism identifies the appropriate considerations, but offers no realistic way to gather the necessary information to make the required calculations. This lack of information is a problem both in evaluating the welfare issues and in evaluating the consequentialist issues which utilitarianism requires be weighed when making moral decisions. Utilitarianism attempts to solve both of these difficulties by appealing to experience; however, no method of reconciling an individual decision with the rules of experience is suggested, and no relative weights are assigned to the various considerations....   [tags: essays research papers] 1327 words
(3.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Explaining Utilitarianism - Explaining Utilitarianism Utilitarianism, in its most basic form is ' the greatest happiness for the greatest number'. Coming from the Latin word, 'utilis', which means useful. Jeremy Bentham wrote, in one of his books in 1789, that utility is, 'a property in any object, whereby it tends to produce benefit, advantage, pleasure, good, or happiness…or… to prevent the happenings of mischief, pain, evil, or unhappiness'. It is easy to assume that utilitarianism is based on the fact that if something is useful, then it is moral....   [tags: Papers] 1048 words
(3 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Theory of Utilitarianism - THEORY-- The theory of Utilitarianism states that actions should be judged as right or wrong depending on whether they cause more happiness or unhappiness. It weighs the rightness and wrongness of an action based on consequences of that action. PRINCIPLES-- (1) CONSEQUENCE PRINCIPLE: Actions are to be judged right or wrong mainly by their own consequences. Nothing else matters. Right actions are those that have the best consequences. -No act is right in and of it self. -No act is wrong in and of it self....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 1 Sources Cited
519 words
(1.5 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Discussion of Utilitarianism - Discussion of Utilitarianism In this paper I will be discussing utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is the theory proposing the principle of utility as the correct ethical standard. I will also be talking about the THEORY of RIGHT CONDUCT, which is also a part of moral theory. I have been asked to prove if Bentham or Mills’ version of utilitarianism is right for the sadistic voyeur case. I will begin by telling you about the case. Case: this man enjoys watching women being brutally raped; he is locked in a room....   [tags: Papers] 820 words
(2.3 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
The Effect of Utilitarianism - The importance of human life, is really relative to the person is evaluating it. It differs from person to person. To me, I value life dearly, because everything which has happened to me is pleasant so far. But to some other people, it may not have been such an enjoyable experience. And in some cases, people change their view of human life, as incidents happen which affects the way they evaluate the importance of their lives. Such as people who experienced near-death, or people who attained freedom after long periods of hardship and torture....   [tags: essays research papers] 1415 words
(4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Flaws with Utilitarianism - Among the most glaring problems that I see with Utilitarianism is its inclusion of animals under the umbrella that blankets this theory. It seems irrefutable that there exists an inordinate number of cases where the consequence that is against the best interest of an animal is favorable to humans, yet that dictating action is one that has been continually taken and condoned by the general public. This is a fundamental challenge, as the Utilitarian philosophy decrees that the pleasure and pain experienced by all individuals, including animals, has equal worth and must be considered when determining the net benefit of an action’s consequences....   [tags: essays research papers] 637 words
(1.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism: Happiness For All - It must be ironic for a small child in the Appalachian mountains living with his single, jobless mother in a shack without electricity, to read, if he can, the words of the founding fathers: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with inherent and inalienable Rights; that among these, are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness...” (Kindig, 1995). This is one of the most famous phrases in the US Declaration of Independence and has become the underpinning of the dreams of millions of people around the world....   [tags: Government ]
:: 7 Works Cited
1757 words
(5 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism in Dickens' "Hard Times" - ‘Hard Times’ is a wonderful story, but when one thinks about the reality that lies behind the work, the novel becomes a masterpiece. This novel becomes very important because utilitarianism was the main thought in Victorian era. Utilitarianism, “the forms of liberty and equality that will produce the greatest happiness depend on the state of the educational, political, economic, and social structure” (Harris). Everything is explained by logic and facts. It is easy for the reader to find out that Dickens teases this theory, but the exciting thing is how he does it through the characters....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
:: 3 Works Cited
1226 words
(3.5 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Torchwood, Egoism, and Utilitarianism - Torchwood’s third season “Children of Earth,” contains many momentous events which question human rationality, having good sagacity, judgment, and equanimity. Throughout these events two ethical philosophies unravel. The first philosophy, egoism, actions with solely one’s interests in mind, plays a major role in the season. Ethical egoists believe that one should look out for no one else but themselves, and a theory of psychological egoism states that whatever the reasoning is behind an action, the action is always an individual’s self-interest....   [tags: Literary Analysis]
:: 7 Works Cited
2066 words
(5.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Flaws of Act-Utilitarianism - ... Preceding the ethical philosophies proscribed by Mill, Jeremy Bentham’s more idealistic version of AU may seem better than Mill’s in its theory, yet lacks practicality and realistic ends. Bentham shares Mill’s theories of pleasure and pain. However, Bentham believed that all actions taken by individuals ought to be carried out with the intention of creating the greatest well-being for the largest possible quantity. One must assess the value of decisions and how it will serve as an instrument in the future in accordance with the given actions foreseeable intensity, duration, certainty, remoteness, its fecundity (the chances of an action yielding the same kind of pleasure or pain) and it purity (“the chance it has or not being followed by sensations of the opposite kind”) in addition to the extent of how many people are affected the action (Timmons 113)....   [tags: Mill vs. Bentham] 1551 words
(4.4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Louis Pojman’s Ethics: Discovering Right and Wrong - Utilitarianism is a theory which states that the purpose of morality is to achieve maximal goodness in a society. It is consequentialist rather than deontological in that the moral value of ethical decisions are to be judged in terms of their effects, rather than the intrinsic properties of the acts themselves. Those effects are deemed good which generate the most pleasure or happiness, or which minimize overall pain. There are two classical types of utilitarianism which will be under our consideration: act-utilitarianism and rule-utilitarianism....   [tags: Utilitarianism 2014]
:: 1 Works Cited
1698 words
(4.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Ethics in Nursing - Deontology vs. Utilitarianism Deontology is an ethical theory concerned with duties and rights. The founder of deontological ethics was a German philosopher named Immanuel Kant. Kant’s deontological perspective implies people are sensitive to moral duties that require or prohibit certain behaviors, irrespective of the consequences (Tanner, Medin, & Iliev, 2008). The main focus of deontology is duty: deontology is derived from the Greek word deon, meaning duty. A duty is morally mandated action, for instance, the duty never to lie and always to keep your word....   [tags: Deontology, Utilitarianism] 1924 words
(5.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Greatest Happiness Principle - In this paper I will present and critically assess the concept of the principle of utility as given by John Stuart Mill. In the essay “What Utilitarianism Is” #, Mill presents the theory of Utilitarianism, which he summarizes in his “utility” or “greatest happiness principle” # (Mill 89). Mill’s focus is based on an action’s resulting “happiness,” # pleasure and absences of pain, or “unhappiness,” # discomfort and the nonexistence of contentment, rather than the intentions involved (Mill 89). After evaluating Mill’s principle, I will then end this essay by discussing my personal opinion about the doctrine and how I believe it can be altered to better suit real-life situations....   [tags: Philosophy, Utilitarianism] 1362 words
(3.9 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism: Declaring My College Major - Every college student who wants to graduate has to choose a major. Some decide their major while they are in high school, others come to college having a general feel of what they want to pursue but do not decide on a major until they take some classes they are interested in. Unfortunately, I have not chosen a major and need to choose one by the end of the semester in order to enroll again. I want to choose the major through which I can do the most moral good. However, without holding to any philosophy concerning moral good, I have realized choosing this major is quite difficult....   [tags: Personal Decision] 1154 words
(3.3 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism: Explanation And Study of Criticisms - Utilitarianism: Explanation And Study of Criticisms The dictionary definition of Utilitarianism is: 'The doctrine that the greatest happiness of the greatest number should be the guiding principal of conduct.' When making a moral decision, we should look at the outcome of an action. Whatever brings the greatest happiness to the most people is the morally 'right' decision. It is a consequentialist principal where the majority rules. It is also relative as each situation is looked at differently and will have a different outcome....   [tags: Papers] 3062 words
(8.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Critique Of Bentham's Quantitative Utilitarianism - Over time, the actions of mankind have been the victim of two vague labels, right and wrong. The criteria for these labels are not clearly defined, but they still seem to be the standard by which the actions of man are judged. There are some people that abide by a deontological view when it comes to judging the nature of actions; the deontological view holds that it is a person's intention that makes an action right or wrong. On the other hand there is the teleological view which holds that it is the result of an action is what makes that act right or wrong....   [tags: essays research papers] 1762 words
(5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism in Crime and Punishment - Utilitarianism in Crime and Punishment       Raskolnikov's mathematical evaluation of the moral dilemma presented to him in Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment exemplifies the empirical view of utilitarianism.  Utilitarianism attempts to distinguish between right and wrong by measuring a decision based on its calculated worth.  Raskolnikov appears to employ the fundamentals of utilitarianism by pitting the negative consequences of murdering his old landlady against the positive benefits that her money would bestow onto society.  However, a true follower of utilitarianism would be outraged at Raskolnikov's claim that murdering the old woman can be considered morally right....   [tags: Crime Punishment Essays]
:: 5 Sources Cited
1878 words
(5.4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism vs. Kantianism - Utilitarianism vs. Kantianism Ethics can be defined as "the conscious reflection on our moral beliefs with the aim of improving, extending or refining those beliefs in some way." (Dodds, Lecture 2) Kantian moral theory and Utilitarianism are two theories that attempt to answer the ethical nature of human beings. This paper will attempt to explain how and why Kantian moral theory and Utilitarianism differ as well as discuss why I believe Kant's theory provides a more plausible account of ethics....   [tags: Papers Immanuel Kant Ethics Morals]
:: 4 Sources Cited
1353 words
(3.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Jeremy Bentham : Father of Utilitarianism - Assess the merits of Utilitarianism (24 Marks) Utilitarianism is a theory aimed at defining one simple basis that can be applied when making any ethical decision. It is based on a human’s natural instinct to seek pleasure and avoid pain. Jeremy Bentham is widely regarded as the father of utilitarianism. He was born in 1748 into a family of lawyers and was himself, training to join the profession. During this process however, he became disillusioned by the state British law was in and set out to reform the system into a perfect one based on the ‘Greatest Happiness Principle,’ ‘the idea that pleasurable consequences are what qualify an action as being morally good’....   [tags: Ethics Morals Philosophy] 1451 words
(4.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Bernard Williams and Utilitarianism - The utilitarian faces many problems because he loses any ability to live a personal life. By this is meant that in making decisions the utilitarian must consider the steps which lead to the highest level of goodness in society. The utilitarian reaches for the greatest good for the greatest number of people. Two main aspects dominate the light of utilitarian beliefs. The consequentialist principle explains that in determining the rightness or wrongness of an act one must examine the results that will follow....   [tags: Ethics] 686 words
(2 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Kantian Ethics vs. Utilitarianism - 1. Explain Onora O’neil’s argument for preferring Kantian ethics to Utilitarianism. 2. How would Richard Taylor respond to O’neil’s defense of Kantianism. In the following questions, Onora O’neil defends Kantian ethics while Richard Taylor agrees more with the Utilitarian ethics view. To fully understand both views and why each author defends their view, a brief introduction of each author and who they are is necessary. Onora O’neil is a philosophy professor at Cambridge University, while Richard Taylor also teaches philosophy, at the University of Rochester....   [tags: essays research papers] 1188 words
(3.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Bentham's Utilitarianism in Victorian England - Bentham's Utilitarianism in Victorian England   The philosophy of Utilitarianism influenced many of the social reforms in Great Britain during the early half of the nineteenth century. The name most frequently associated with Utilitarianism is that of Jeremy Bentham. Bentham's philosophical principles extended into the realm of government. These principles have been associated with several reform acts entered into English law such as the Factory Act of 1833, the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834, the Prison Act of 1835, the Municipal Corporations Act of 1835, the Committee on Education in 1839,the Lunacy Act of 1845, and the Public Health Act of 1845....   [tags: European Europe History]
:: 5 Works Cited
2067 words
(5.9 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Utilitarianism And Kantian Ethics - Utilitarianism and Kantian Ethics Ethics is one part of philosophy that will always be studied, and like most subjects in philosophy, will never be viewed the same by everyone. There are so many cultures that have so many different beliefs about the way a person's life should be lived out. Things like religion, poverty, and mental health all contribute to our beliefs in ethics. Some people believe that the mental state of a person or the motive for that person committing a crime should be factors when sentencing time comes....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 1 Sources Cited
1184 words
(3.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
John Stuart Mill and Utilitarianism - John Stuart Mill and Utilitarianism Utilitarianism defined, is the contention that a man should judge everything based on the ability to promote the greatest individual happiness. In other words Utilitarianism states that good is what brings the most happiness to the most people. John Stuart Mill based his utilitarian principle on the decisions that we make. He says the decisions should always benefit the most people as much as possible no matter what the consequences might be. Mill says that we should weigh the outcomes and make our decisions based on the outcome that benefits the majority of the people....   [tags: Philosophy Morality John Stuart Mill ] 1321 words
(3.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism by John Stuart Mill - Utilitarianism by John Stuart Mill John Stuart Mill, in his Utilitarianism, turns morality into a practical problem. His moral theory is designed to help one evaluate his moral principles and senisibilites and be able to ajudicate conflictions in moral conflicts. Mill postulates that actions are right so far as they tend to promote happiness and minimize pain. This theory manifests itself as an impartial promotion of happiness. Morally "right" actions are ones which promote the greatest happiness for the greatest number number of people and reduce pain....   [tags: Philosophy Ethics] 2814 words
(8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
A Brief Analysis of John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism - This work has probably received more analysis than any other work on utilitarianism available. However, I seek to do here what many others have been unable to accomplish so far. I hope to, in five paragraphs, cover each of the chapters of Utilitarianism in enough depth to allow any reader to decide whether or not they subscribe to Mill's doctrine, and if so, which part or parts they subscribe to. I do this with the realization that much of Mill's deliberation in the text will be completely gone....   [tags: Literature Review]
:: 1 Works Cited
1084 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Comparing Utilitarianism and the Judeo-Christian Ethic - Utilitarianism is the ethical doctrine which essentially states that which is good is that which brings about the most happiness to the most people. John Stuart Mill believed that the decisions we make should always benefit the most people as much as possible regardless of the consequences to the minority or even yourself. He would say all that matters in the decision of right versus wrong is the amount of happiness produced by the consequences. In the decisions we make Mill would say that we need to weigh the outcomes and make our decision based on that outcome that benefits the majority....   [tags: John Stuart Mill, Augustine] 661 words
(1.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism vs. Cultural and Ethical Relativism - Utilitarianism vs. Cultural and Ethical Relativism Utilitarianism is an example of Consequentialist Ethics, where the morality of an action is determined by its accomplishing its desired results. In both scenarios the desired result was to save the lives of thousands of people in the community. Therefore, a Utilitarian would say that the actions taken in both of the scenarios are moral. Since an (Act) Utilitarian believes that actions should be judged according to the results it achieves. Happiness should not be simply one's own, but that of the greatest number....   [tags: Papers] 718 words
(2.1 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Industrialization and Utilitarianism in Dickens' Hard Times - Industrialization and Utilitarianism in Dickens' Hard Times     Charles Dickens uses his fictitious town in Hard Times to represent the industrialization of England at that time or close to it. Most of this representation, however, isn't accurately described compared the way things really were during industrialization. It is important to remember throughout this paper that not only is Hard Times a work of fiction, it was meant to be a satire, a parody of ideas and ways of thinking at the time....   [tags: GCSE English Literature Coursework]
:: 7 Works Cited
1490 words
(4.3 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Moral Theories - Introduction The use of wasta to hire employees, or transact important business in companies is an age old behavior that has been in existence for many years. Here, individuals often use their influential capacity (wasta) operational in a trusted network of relatives (or other trusted but powerful members of the society) to acquire job/business opportunities (Hansen 1996). Although one can argue that the use of wasta can be beneficial in creating a network of trust for business organizations, as it will become clear here, its justification cannot withstand moral theories that should ideally apply to all business transactions within an organization....   [tags: Theory of Utilitarianism, Deontology Theory] 1485 words
(4.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Utilitarianism or God, do we have to choose? - Utilitarianism or God, do we have to choose. During many years that question is being formulated and many scholars had a very difficult time to decide if it was possible to follow God’s will and the principle of utility maximization. The principle of utility maximization was a theory created by John Stuart Mill and presented in his book Utilitarianism (1863). Societies throughout the years have argued that those theories are hard to combine, since Utilitarianism seeks for self-development and God’s teachings seek for community growth....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 5 Sources Cited
1550 words
(4.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
An Examination of Deontology and Utilitarianism in Deeply Moral Situations - An Examination of Deontology and Utilitarianism in Deeply Moral Situations Samuel Adams (1722 - 1803), an American patriot and politician, once stated, "Mankind are governed more by their feelings than by reason"[1]. This statement is significant, as it undermines two of the primary ethical doctrines in philosophy - the deontological perspective defended by Immanuel Kant (1724 - 1804) in Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals (634), and utilitarianism, supported by John Stuart Mill (1806 - 1873) in his essay, Utilitarianism (667)....   [tags: Philosophy Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited :: 1 Sources Cited
1247 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Examining Moral Philosophies’ Functions in Business - ... As stated by Ferrell, et al., and (2013) “President Barack Obama illustrated utilitarianism when he pursued his economic stimulus package in 2009”. This is an example of utilitarianism because the Obama made the conscious decision to wage all taxpayers money to prevent depression in the American and possibly globally. In order for Utilitarian to make good decision they depend on a methodical assessment of the costs/benefits analysis of the affected it will have on all factions (Ferrell, et al., 2013)....   [tags: values, ethics, belief, utilitarianism, relativist]
:: 5 Works Cited
1251 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Ethical Theories of Embryonic Stem Cells - ... Steinbock seems to agree with the ideas of Kantianism. Since the embryos are not rational beings we don’t need to treat them as a means but a means to the end. Steinbock questions the humanity of people in a vegetative state and babies with anencephaly. It is true that they are biologically human but they don’t express sentiment. Steinbock’s article contains some major ethical theories, such as utilitarianism, Kantianism and virtue ethics. Illustrated in “The science, policy, and ethics of stem cell research,” utilitarianism is present in the formation of Steinbock’s opinion....   [tags: ethics, kantianism, utilitarianism, embryo, human]
:: 4 Works Cited
1775 words
(5.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Comparing Morality in The Prince, Second Treatise of Government, and Utilitarianism - Comparing Morality in The Prince, Second Treatise of Government, and Utilitarianism Niccolo Machiavelli, John Locke, and John Stuart Mill present three distinct models of government in their works The Prince, Second Treatise of Government, and Utilitarianism. From an examination of these models it is possible to infer their views about human nature and its connection to the purpose of government. A key to comparing these views can be found in an examination of their ideas of morality as an intermediary between government and human nature....   [tags: Comparison Compare Contrast Essays]
:: 2 Works Cited :: 1 Sources Cited
2060 words
(5.9 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
The Differences in John Stuart Mills and Jeremy Bentham's Versions of Utilitarianism - The Differences in John Stuart Mills and Jeremy Bentham's Versions of Utilitarianism In what ways did John Stuart Mill's version of utilitarianism differ from that of Jeremy Bentham. Which do you consider preferable. The Cambridge International Dictionary of English defines utilitarianism as "the system of thought which states that the best action or decision in a particular situation is the one which most benefits the most people". This is the main idea of the system of thought and it is from this the beliefs and opinions of John Stuart Mill (1806 - 1873), Jeremy Bentham (1748 - 1832) and other early utilitarians were developed....   [tags: Papers] 2152 words
(6.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Extent to Which Utilitarianism is Considered Inadequate as a Means of Solving Moral Dilemmas - The Extent to Which Utilitarianism is Considered Inadequate as a Means of Solving Moral Dilemmas Jeremy Bentham who first popularised utilitarianism theorised that it was a principle that supported the majority’s happiness. After arriving at this, he decided to introduce the hedonic principle to measure the quantity of pleasure. This however still left many questions unanswered and so his disciple J.S.Mill came about a qualitative theory. Though an amendment has been made, there still lies the following criticism....   [tags: Papers] 437 words
(1.2 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Compare Utilitarianism with the religion that you have studiedUtilitarianism VS Christianity - Compare Utilitarianism with the religion that you have studied Utilitarianism VS Christianity BASIC MAXIM – “THE GREATEST HAPPINESS FOR THE GREATEST NUMBER” JEREMY BENTHAM – Act Utilitarianism (each action should be judged on its ability to bring about the greatest happiness for the greatest number) - Devised principle of utility - Established a hedonic calculus to measure pleasure/pain brought about by each action. JOHN STUART MILL – Rule Utilitarianism (rules should be formulated first, based on utilitarian principles....   [tags: Papers] 686 words
(2 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Kantian vs Utilitarian Ethical Parameters - The task that stands before me in this paper is to address two situations and determine the ethical parameters in which a person should act. The two philosophical approaches that I will examine the situations with the Kantian and Utilitarian point of view. Kant deciphers his ethical questions by examining a person's motivation for performing an act regardless of the consequences. A person who utilizes the Kantian view believes that the only pure good is pure human reason without consequences. This pure human reason works without the influence of human emotions and desires....   [tags: Utilitarianism, Kantian Ethics, Natural Rights] 999 words
(2.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The British Tradition from Thomas Hobbes to the Utilitarians - The British Tradition from Hobbes to the Utilitarians Hobbes Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) is an outstanding example of the independence of mind that became possible in Protestant countries after the Reformation. God does, to be sure, play an honourable role in Hobbes's philosophy, but it is a dispensable role. The philosophical edifice stands on its own foundations; God merely crowns the apex. Hobbes was the equal of the Greek philosophers in his readiness to develop an ethical position based only on the facts of human nature and the circumstances in which humans live; and he surpassed even Plato and Aristotle in the extent to which he sought to do this by systematic deduction from clearly set out premises....   [tags: Politics Philosophy Sociology] 743 words
(2.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Society Must be Governed by Rules - Society Must be Governed by Rules According to Sober, "Utilitarianism is an ethical theory whose central idea is 'the greatest good for the greatest number'" (Sober 430). Utilitarianism rose in opposition to the idea that the upper crust of society had the right to arrange the rules of society as they saw fit. The concern of Utilitarianism is the most good for the most people, not the most good for the people that "matter." From this standpoint, Utilitarianism appears to be an attractive ethical theory....   [tags: Papers] 1295 words
(3.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Case Study Concerning Joelle - Ethics plays a very important role in one social system and basically on how the people will make their actions or decide on a particular thing on whether it is the right or the wrong thing. Ethical consideration is very important. It helps a person or a group of person understands whether the actions are right or wrong. Ethics is a very critical factor most especially when considering where the ethical standards are to applied. Aside from it, weighing results of actions or decision is also another major concern because of the fact that a person has critically analyze whose side is needed to satisfied....   [tags: Business Ethics]
:: 6 Works Cited
1080 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Rawl's "A Theory of Justice": Defining the Fairness Theory - Rawls’ attempt to define justice as fairness within the confines of the original position in A Theory of Justice establishes a deontological ethic. Rawls’ theory prioritizes individual liberty with equality to illustrate the deficiencies of utilitarianism. Despite criticism from Sandel, Rawls’ justice as fairness theory adequately defends a redistributive system for the entire society while addressing the inequality of luck. In A Theory of Justice, Rawls attempts to provide an alternative to belief in utilitarianism and intuitionism with the justice as fairness theory....   [tags: Literary Review ]
:: 3 Works Cited
1884 words
(5.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Global Ethics: The Personal Philosophy of an American Expatriate - As health care reform comes to the United States, and wars, tsunamis, and earthquakes ripple across the world, the connection of our global community has never been more obvious. Growing globalization and increased air and space travel have removed international borders and brought humanity closer. Additionally, globalization has expanded the push for global health and provided numerous opportunities for the global community to impact the lives and health of people across the globe. According to Koplan, Bond, Merson, Reddy, Rodriquez, Sewakambo & Wasserheit (2009) global health can be described as a notion, objective or a practice that strives to maintain the health of the global community....   [tags: Personal Reflections]
:: 11 Works Cited
2067 words
(5.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
?Explain why Mill distinguishes between higher and lower pleasures and assess whether he achieves his aim or not.? - »Explain why Mill distinguishes between higher and lower pleasures and assess whether he achieves his aim or not.« March 2005, St Andrews In his Essay Utilitarianism Mill elaborates on Utilitarianism as a moral theory and responds to misconceptions about it. Utilitarianism, in Mill’s words, is the view that »actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness.«1 In that way, Utilitarianism offers an answer to the fundamental question Ethics is concerned about: ‘How should one live?’ or ‘What is the good or right way to live?’....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 3 Sources Cited
1395 words
(4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Analysis of Aldous Huxley's A Brave New World - As the story begins, Savage is attempting to free the Deltas by freeing them of their drug addiction. To Savage freedom includes the ability to make rational decisions but the Deltas have no ability to rationalize due to their genetic make-up. As Savage is throwing a way the drugs one of his friends, an Alpha who is capable of reason, approaches him but is stopped by reason. Reason prevents him from helping his friend due to indecision and the inability to calculate the action that will create the best outcome....   [tags: aldous huxley]
:: 1 Works Cited
761 words
(2.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Why Giving Away Millions of Dollars is Okay - The utilitarianism principle is commonly thought of as the basis behind making morally good decisions or acting to create the greatest happiness for the greatest amount of people. John Stuart Mill’s basic principle of utilitarianism is usually referred to as the “greatest-happiness principle” because of this (Mill, 7). In chapter two of his book, “Utilitarianism” Mill defines the moral principle of utilitarianism as one that encourages people to act so as to produce or promote the greatest aggregate or combined happiness for all people (p 7).When confronted with the decision of whether to accept the Vanderbilt’s Chancellor recommendation that the Athletics Department budget be cut by 90% in order to raise funds for early childhood education and healthcare for low-income families in Nashville, I believe it would be a morally good choice, based on a close reading and application of Mill’s, “Utilitarianism”....   [tags: Philosophy]
:: 1 Works Cited
1917 words
(5.5 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Gay Marriage - “The only rational course of action is to allow people to override the rules in the interest of the greatest utility.” Act and Rule Utilitarianism are said to be very similar and maybe even collapse into each other when trying to distinguish one from the other. One article has distinguished between act and rule utilitarianism by referring to them as "extreme" and "restricted" utilitarianism. This article claims that the extreme or act version of utilitarianism will use the rules of morality as rules of thumb only....   [tags: essays research papers] 842 words
(2.4 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Abortion from an Ethical Point of View - Abortion from an Ethical Point of View It is widely accepted that the fact of abortion has been a subject of conversation and controversy for many decades. Since the proportion of people who accept abortion as a ?normal. procedure is equal to the proportion of those who think of abortion as a ?crime?, through time a lot of measurements have been taken against abortion but concerning it?s defense as well. Although the fact of abortion has been examined through it?s scientific and religious side, in this assignment we will try and examine abortion from an ethical point of view....   [tags: Papers Birth Pregnancy Life Essays Papers]
:: 2 Sources Cited
1950 words
(5.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
FBI's Capture and Prosecution of Mitnick - Highlight the main ethical issues that this case brings to light and critically apply :  Consequence based  Duty based  Character based Ethical theories to discuss whether the FBI were correct in attempting to capture and prosecute Mitnick. Introduction to ethics “Ethics”, in general, is nothing but a principle of conduct. Ethics can also be defined as moral philosophy which is used to answer questions related to morality. The word ‘Ethics’ has been derived from the Greek word ‘Ethos’ which simply meant “the state of being” or “to keep ones soul pure”....   [tags: Ethics] 2637 words
(7.5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Outsourcing: A Utilitarian Approach to An Ethical Issue - An ethical business problem arises in case of outsourcing. The decision making framework can be used to explore the dilemma and to develop a course of action in order to resolve this problem by using the utilitarian approach and ensuring that the maximum number people are helped or favored by the decision. Utilitarianism has had great popularity in American and Western culture mainly because it focuses on the welfare of the masses than the benefit of an individual. It looks at the benefit to the society in general....   [tags: Business Ethics, Globalization]
:: 5 Works Cited
1540 words
(4.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Moral Philosophies - Ethical dilemmas challenge business because there are different moral philosophies held by each individual and subjective to each situation. Companies have different moral philosophies that shape the ethical climate. Two moral philosophies that effect how a company handles ethics are Utilitarianism and Ethical Egoism. “The utilitarian seeks the greatest good for the greatest number of people” while doing the least harm (Ferrell, Fraedrich, & Ferrell, 2011, p. 156). Ethical Egoism states that consequences are only relevant to the individual and, “each person ought to pursue his or her own self-interest exclusively” (Rachels & Rachels, 2010, p....   [tags: Ethics ]
:: 7 Works Cited
1109 words
(3.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Actions and Their Labels of Either Right or Wrong - Actions and Their Labels of Either Right or Wrong In this academic essay there will be an in depth look at the words of Mill, in terms of actions and their labels of either right and wrong, and those connotations to happiness and, so to speak the reverse of happiness. There will be an attempt through various different channels, to illustrate the absurdity of utilitarianism, in the sense of its mere provisional assessment of promoting happiness. Furthermore this essay will also emphasize the fact that happiness is subjective and the ripple effects this would have on the utilitarian theory....   [tags: Papers] 1212 words
(3.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Fight for Rights - Fight for Rights Can you imagine a life without pre-meditated murder. In his movie Minority Report, Steven Spielberg brings this vision to reality in the trappings of a police state. The pre-crime unit is charged with the elimination of pre-meditated murder using three pre-cogs, humans with the ability to predict violent crime. Minority reports- sporadic, erroneous predictions- indicate the fallibility of this system of imperfect procedural justice. Civilians have their rights to privacy violated on a regular basis for collection of intelligence....   [tags: Rights Politics Government Essays]
:: 4 Works Cited :: 2 Sources Cited
3161 words
(9 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Kant - Utilitarianism is a consequential perspective, in that, a decision in based on the effects it ----will have on society and what it will generally lead to. Also, the utility or usefulness of an action is determined by the amount of happiness that will result. Therefore, no action in itself can be deemed wrong; consequence alone are the important matter. Using this principle, one should consider the possible results of each potential action. One clear flaw of the utilitarian perspective is there that there seems to be a lack of the concept of justice....   [tags: essays research papers] 1871 words
(5.3 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Development of a Rat Model for Studying Blast-Induced Traumatic Brain Injury - This study conducted by Cheng et al endeavored to develop an accurate model for blast-induced traumatic brain injury (TBI). In this study, 96 rats were placed under conditions where they were subjected to shock waves produced by an electric detonator with an equivalent force of 400mg of TNT. While some subjects survived the traumatic trauma, all the rats in each subgroup were later eventually killed so that a craniotomy could be carried out. All procedures of this experiment were approved by the Institution Animal Care and Used Committee of the Sichuan University....   [tags: Research Ethics] 503 words
(1.4 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
A Case Study Depicting the Importance of Ethics in Medicine - To protect the individual’s right and confidentiality, the client involved would be referred to as ‘Marge’. Introduction ‘Work for health requires moral commitment’ (Seedhouse, 2009 p. xiviii). Therefore, the obligation rests on healthcare professionals faced with ethical dilemma in their practice to make moral decision which should promote and enhance health ( Rumbold, 1999; Sim, 1997). Ethics is concerned with the basis on which an action is determined as either right or wrong (Rumbold, 1999; MacIntyre, 2005)....   [tags: Medical Ethics, Nursing]
:: 20 Works Cited
4552 words
(13 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Business Theory Comparison - 1. What is the purpose of business. This question can have an endless amount of answers and they all can be correct. The goal will not be to find a definite answer but to explore four main business ethics theories to get a better understanding of what the purpose of business is. 2. A solely profit based business model would define stockholder theory in which the paramount goal of the business is to produce the most earnings for their stockholders. Prioritizing profits over a positive public image Goldman Sachs becomes an excellent example of stockholder theory....   [tags: Business] 749 words
(2.1 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Four Normative Theories Which Help Guide Ethical Decision Making - Ethics permeates all aspects of society, both on an individual and societal level for it involves human interaction. The ethical decision-making models, like humans – are complex and do not exist in isolation, thus finding a set of uniform ethical values and standards in a multicultural society is highly challenging. This essay will briefly overview four Normative theories which help guide ethical decision making, regarding the hypothetical scenario case given from the teacher’s perspective. Main Ethical Issue This scenario offers a plethora of complex situations; however the main ethical issue appears to surround the lack of safety, understanding and respect due to different cultural views, perspectives, values and needs of others....   [tags: Ethics]
:: 10 Works Cited
2376 words
(6.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Consequentialism, Non- Consequentialism, Virtue Ethics and Care Ethics - Introduction This essay will provide a theoretical understanding of the four ethical frameworks: Consequentialism, Non- Consequentialism, Virtue Ethics and Care Ethics. When applied to a situation these frameworks help teachers to resolve and justify their decision making. The objective is to apply the four frameworks to the scenario Helping Molly, to establish the most ethical course of action. Finally, a recommended course of action will be justification. The overarching ethical issue present within the Helping Molly scenario is the community sponsorship and the alignment with school beliefs and initiatives....   [tags: Ethics]
:: 6 Works Cited
1745 words
(5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]


Your search returned over 400 essays for "utilitarianism"
[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [Next >>]



Copyright © 2000-2015 123HelpMe.com. All rights reserved. Terms of Service