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Your search returned over 400 essays for "unification"
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The Unification of Greece - During the Bronze Age, the Minoan civilization; situated on the cultural bridge Island of Crete, greatly influenced the Aegean Islands as well as the Greece mainland (75). Though they were not Greeks, the Minoans kept detail records in a form of Greek. These peoples were ruled by a King who was supported by a bureaucracy and centered on a palace (75). This form of organization was typical of many early civilizations but changed tremendously after this age (75). After the Minoans, the Mycenaeans arose and ruled in a similar fashion to the Minoans....   [tags: Ancient History, Bronze Age, Greek] 836 words
(2.4 pages)
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Popper and Unification - The unificationist account of explanation and the notion of ad hoc-ness as posited by Popper are very similar concepts, but there is a nuance between the two that is worth explaining. Although both notions seem to show why we choose certain explanatory theories over others, they differ in that the model of unification shows us what type of theory we should accept, while Popper’s notion of ad hoc-ness shows us what type of theory to reject. Together, these concepts help us better understand the explanatory model of unification which leads us to a better understanding of why we are inclined to accept certain scientific theories over others....   [tags: Science Theory] 2073 words
(5.9 pages)
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Nationalism and Unification - Nationalism and unification affected the United States, Italy, and Germany drastically throughout the 1800`s. Nationalism is known as an ideology, a sentiment, a form of culture, or a social movement that focuses on a nation, according to Blank and Schmidt. (2003) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nationalism There are two forms of nationalism, such as desire for a certain group of peoples independence, and the desire of independent dominations for dominance and prestige. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nationalism In the United States unification played a role in the American Civil war which occurred 1861-1865, 625 000 soldiers died in this war....   [tags: 1800's History] 895 words
(2.6 pages)
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Unification of Germany - The growth of the European super powers during the 19th century consisted of the great powers vying for territorial attainments, developing their international influence, and ensuring positive domestic attitudes of their diplomatic actions. Attempting to cement their hegemony of international politics, the Prussian Empire sought to create an ethnically and politically unified German state to rebuff the prominence granted to Austria at the Congress of Vienna. Through the machinations of Chancellor Otto von Bismarck and his determination to unite the German lands through “blood and iron”, Germany quickly rose to become the epicenter of European politics and forever changed the geopolitical lan...   [tags: european superpowers, diplomatic actions]
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1014 words
(2.9 pages)
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Unification of Italy - Italy, before its process of revolution began, was mostly ruled by foreign powers and absolute monarchs. The country’s citizens decided they wanted a change in their government and freedom from the many rulers they experienced. In the beginning, the revolt was not organized and resulted in failure until they united and fought as one large group. With the help of some historical revolutionaries such as Mazzini, Garibaldi, Cavour and the combination of multiple independence wars, Italy finally saw a reconstruction of its government and a unification of the nation....   [tags: Austrian Rule, Period of Risorgimento]
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1195 words
(3.4 pages)
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Unification of Germany - From the 19th to 20th century nations were uniting behind the belief of nationalism; the belief that their loyalty was owed to the nation as a whole. This loyalty was believed to be owed to a nation of people who share a common history and language as its core. Due to the growing want for true self-government in Europe, people began calling for unity. Once these nations were created, governments wanted their country to be the strongest and most powerful. A growing sense of pride by the people that their nation was the greatest led to wars to prove who truly had the better military....   [tags: Nationalism, Government, Europe, Personal identity]
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1386 words
(4 pages)
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Unification of Germany - As indicated with the examples of Italy and Belgium, the international system favored the larger super powers over smaller states within Europe and as Germany steadily grew to the status of great power, the preexisting powers appeared virtually diplomatically undisturbed by the change. Most notably, Great Britain viewed the unification of Germany as the weakening of France as opposed to the rise of Germany, indicating where the naval power placed its diplomatic dependencies. Overall, Anglo-German relations were peaceful during the expansion of Germany’s empire as the two powers coexisted in Europe, rather than attempt cooperation with one another....   [tags: international system, power]
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1327 words
(3.8 pages)
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Napoleon and German and Italian Unification - Napoleon Bonaparte as the Impetus of German and Italian Unification Unification in the simplest form is the process of creating one from many. Unifying a nation uses this same basic idea in creating one integrated nation from many; many territories, many economies, many governments,many social structures, many peoples, many histories, many memories. It is more than drawing lines on a map or bringing together many entities under a single government, unification is a detailed cultural process in which independent individuals come together to form a people and a loyalty, often sharing a common history, language, religion, or other factors....   [tags: Liberalism, Nationalism, Militarism]
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3348 words
(9.6 pages)
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Unification - Unification is the struggle to devise the one and only theory that will unify all the forces of the universe. It is the attempt to combine the equations of the force of gravity, the force of electro-magnetism, the weak force, and the strong force all into one equation. Physicists, believing that everything in the universe is not separate, want to unite all the forces together. The process of unification takes a lot of hard work and determination. Some physicists believe that uniting everything into one is possible and even essential because every particle in this world works in the same way....   [tags: Physics] 1290 words
(3.7 pages)
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Sudan's Struggle for Unification and Peace - Sudan’s Struggle for Unification and Peace The Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005 states, “The conflict in the Sudan is the longest running conflict in Africa… it has caused tragic loss of life, destroyed the infrastructure of the country, eroded its economic resources and caused suffering to the people of the Sudan” (“Sudan” Insight). Sudan faced the challenge of overcoming the ethnic division between Northern Sudan’s Arab heritage and Southern Sudan’s African heritage. Southern Sudan was isolated from the Northern region, which prevented Sudan from fully participating in the country's political, economic, and social life....   [tags: International Government ]
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1540 words
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The Unification of Germany - The Unification of Germany           In 1871 the thirty-eight states of what was once the Holy Roman Empire, re-united to become what was known in the early twentieth century as simply, The German Empire, united under the rule of the German Emperor, or Kaiser. There are many factors which led to the unification of the German states; liberalism, nationalism, Otto Von Bismarck, fear of ‘another Napoleon’, the Prussian King William I, and the three wars Prussia fought.           One of the key factors which led to the Unification was nationalism....   [tags: History Historical German Essays]
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1373 words
(3.9 pages)
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The Unification of Germany - The Unification of Germany Bismarck Otto von Bismarck achieved the unification of the disjointed German states through the skillful understanding of realpolitikand the Machiavellian use of war as a political tool to eliminate Germany's rival nations, gain the support of the German people and gain territory. This ultimately created a German legacy of strong militaristic tendencies, scheming national relations, and economic clout challenging the European heavyweights like England and France....   [tags: Papers] 876 words
(2.5 pages)
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Italian Unification - Before 1860 Italy was a collection of independent states controlled by other European powers or the rich noble families of the region. After Napoleon’s defeat in 1815, the Congress of Vienna split Italy into eight independent states with major influences from the surrounding powers of Spain, France and especially Austria. Uprisings against the state governments swept the country, but were suppressed by the Habsbergs1 in Northern Italy. This however, was soon to change. Giuseppe Mazzini, Count Camilo Benso Cavour and Giuseppe Garibaldi organized and inspired the people of Italy to unite and support a solid constitution which was not only key to unification but gave long term stability to Ita...   [tags: independent states, Giuseppe Mazzini,]
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1922 words
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The Unification of Europe - The Unification of Europe Liberation is more than just a country freeing themselves from a colonial power or a suppressing leader. It is a state of mind, freeing oneself from what one might have thought or been taught to think in the past. In Europe’s case the people will no longer belong to a single country in particular such as France or Spain. Now they belong to the European continent as a whole. With the liberation of the Europeans minds to new ideas and a world of opportunity and progress, it could very well lead to the creation of a super power for centuries to come....   [tags: European History Papers] 2036 words
(5.8 pages)
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Factors Contributing to German Unification in 1871 - Prior to unification in 1871 the territory that would become Germany was comprised of thirty-nine independent states and city states joined together in a loose German Confederation. The most powerful among these states was Prussia, both geographically the largest state and that with the largest population. The influential politicians and policies that came out of Prussia were instrumental in the gradual formation of a united Germany. Beginning with the rise of Napoleon, the nineteenth century was a time of incredible change which dramatically altered the political balance of Europe....   [tags: Homogenous Identity, Prussia]
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3039 words
(8.7 pages)
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Unification of Germany - Unification of Germany On January 18, 1871, the German Empire was proclaimed宣佈æˆç«‹. It is a turning point轉æ©é»ž in the European history, and was one of the remote causesé å›  that led to the outbreak of the First World War. In fact, the success of German unification was due to the interplay互相交織 of many factors. Ideological ----------- a. Liberalism: Ideas of liberalism had been sown by the French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars. During the upheaval巨變, such French ideals of liberty, equality and fraternityåšæ„› were spread to Germans....   [tags: Papers] 2146 words
(6.1 pages)
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The Pursuit of a Theory of Everything - A belief in unifying principles that underlie all natural phenomena was first articulated by Aristotle who proposed all matter stems from the four elements of nature: earth, air, fire, and water (Duft). The search for such principles has since evolved considerably, yet the firmly rooted interest in a fundamental unification persists. The topic of unification is defined as attempts to explain several principles according to one definition or equation. This occurs in all areas of science, from biology to cosmology....   [tags: unification, hypothesis, unifying principle]
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1383 words
(4 pages)
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The Importance of Bismarck to German Unification - The Importance of Bismarck to German Unification When Bismarck became chancellor of Prussia in 1862 nationalism had already started 47 years ago in 1815. Although Bismarck greatly helped the move towards unification there were also many other factors involved. These factors included things such as the economic power of the Zollverein and the fact that having a strong country would make them safer, and they all shared the same enemy: France. It is necessary to compare these factor with each other in order to asses the importance of Bismarck to German unification....   [tags: Papers] 722 words
(2.1 pages)
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European History - Unification of Italy - Unification of Italy Q: Describe & Explain the Unification of Italy. The Unification of Italy divides in to 3 main stages: 1815-1830: Revolts all over Italy. Revolts are suppressed. 1848-1849: Revolts all over Italy. Revolts are suppressed. 1858-1870: The unification of Italy Introduction To understand the unification of Italy, matters before the revolution need to be examined. Up until 1716, Italy was just a big piece of land divided among small kingdoms of monarchs. (ref. H.O. #1 p.29) When napoleon Bonaparte conquered Italy, he left them 3 things, which were probably the key characteristics in the revolution: - Efficient Government....   [tags: European Europe History] 2718 words
(7.8 pages)
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Ideas of the Korean Unification - Ideas of the Korean Unification The idea of this paper is to compare and contrast German Unification process with the outlook for possible scenarios in Korea. By looking at the similarities and differences between the situation in Germany and Korea. To do this I look at the state of the economies, recommendations toward policy, the need for international support as well as possibilities on how to organize the transition. If the Republic of Korea and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea are to merge as one united country, several factors will need to be taken into question....   [tags: Papers] 2609 words
(7.5 pages)
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Unification of Italy and Germany - Unification of Italy and Germany By 1871 both the kingdom of Italy and the empire of Germany were united. Even though both countries used popular trends to that time, both liberalism and nationalism, the process unifying these two countries was very different. The end result was Germany emerging as a strong nation and Italy appropriately, the weaker. Italy’s problems started with the fact that it didn’t have one main ruler, but two people and a concept, resulting in a different approach to the unification....   [tags: History]
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576 words
(1.6 pages)
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Nationalism in Europe in the 19th century - Nationalism is way of thinking both political and socially to create a community united by: history, ethnicity, religions, common culture, and language. Numerous effects occurred while establishing a Nationalist community, some effects were a long term impact on Nationalism, and other was short term impacts on Nationalism. Bloody Sunday was a big impact of Nationalism, what started out as a peaceful march of Petersburg workers marching to the Winter Palace led by Father Gapon turned out to be a nightmare....   [tags: Bloody Sunday, Italian Unification] 879 words
(2.5 pages)
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President Obama’s Inaugural Speech: Rhetorical Analysis - President Obama’s Inaugural Speech: Rhetorical Analysis Barrack Obama’s inauguration speech successfully accomplished his goal by using rhetoric to ensure our nation that we will be under safe hands. The speech is similar from ideas obtained from the founding documents and Martin Luther King’s speech to establish ‘our’ goal to get together and take some action on the problems our country is now facing. As President Barrack Obama starts his speech, he keeps himself from using ‘me’, ‘myself’, and ‘I’ and replacing it with ‘we’, ‘us’, and ‘together’ to achieve ethos....   [tags: ethos, unification, action]
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903 words
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German Unification - German Unification The French Revolution of 1789 had a huge impact on Germany because it showed the oppressed people of the German States that they could rise up to their monarchs and change the way their country was run. Once Napoleon reduced the number of German States from 360 to 16, the German people started feeling nationalistic and people were proud of their country. So people now had a feeling of how their life’s could be and how they wanted them to be. Soon after Napoleons downfall the Ancien Regimes were put back and German unification was put on hold....   [tags: Papers] 1256 words
(3.6 pages)
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Italian Unification - Italian Unification The Internet definition of Risorgimento is the “Italian unification or Risorgimento is a political and social process that brought to the unification of the Italian peninsula into a single nation, between 19th and the beginning of 20th century” During the early years, secret societies, such as the Carbonari, appeared and carried on revolutionary activities. The Italians shared a common and language and history due to the Roman Empire and many Italians still had memories of the ancient unity and glory which they once enjoyed....   [tags: Papers] 1940 words
(5.5 pages)
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Italian Unification - Italian unification 1) There were a number of reasons as to the fact that Italian unification seemed so far away in the early 1850s, and reasons why nobody felt that Italy as one state would ever be possible. There had been a number of attempted uprisings between 1948 and 49, however all of these had been unsuccessful. The area that is now Italy was still separate parts, each part with their own culture and traditions. Around ninety percent of the population were uneducated and many did not even know the term Italy, many of these people did not have any concerns over who ruled them, and just wished to be ruled well....   [tags: Italy History] 2320 words
(6.6 pages)
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German Unification - German Unification It would be impossible to tell the story of German Unification without giving Bismarck's role due prominence. Between 1862 and 1871 the map of Germany was altered radically, and Bismarck played a key role in the events, which led to the foundation of the new Reich, but his success was due to a combination of factors, not simply his own skill and genius as a politician....   [tags: Papers] 1324 words
(3.8 pages)
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Coal and Iron and the Unification of Germany in 1871 - Coal and Iron and the Unification of Germany in 1871 In 1862, Bismarck said that ‘the great questions of the day will be settled by blood and iron.’ Although there is undoubtedly some degree of accuracy in this statement, the most important reason for the unification of Germany, which ended ‘the great questions of the day,’ was ‘coal and iron.’ This is a quote from British economist John Maynard Keynes, who argued that the industrial and economic preparation before the wars, which united Germany, were more important....   [tags: Blood and Iron ] 1511 words
(4.3 pages)
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The Unification of Germany Between 1863 and 1871 - The Unification of Germany Between 1863 and 1871 On the 18th January 1871, Wilhelm 1 was proclaimed Emperor of a united Germany. The unification of Germany was, like all historical events, multi- causal, the most influential reasons being the Bismark's cynical and unscrupulous diplomacy, military superiority of Prussia and economic power, and lastly, popular nationalist sentiment. Bismark seems to be the most important factor of these. He was a successful diplomat with strong anti liberal views....   [tags: Papers] 811 words
(2.3 pages)
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Italian Unification Movements - Italian Unification Movements Italian unification l Background l After Napoleon, the Italian states were controlled by France. l Effect: l 1. They experienced the unity under the rule of an efficient government. l 2. They felt that they disliked being ruled by foreign countries, therefore nationalist feeling was aroused. l After the Congress of Vienna in 1815-16, they were divided into 8 states and the northern part of Italy was controlled by Austria-Hungary. l Again, they disliked the alien rule and wanted to be independent....   [tags: Papers] 2010 words
(5.7 pages)
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The Likeliness of Italian Unification Before 1848 - The Likeliness of Italian Unification Before 1848 The areas that encompass modern day Italy after 1815 and the treaty of Vienna were a series of states mostly, either directly or indirectly, under the control of Austria and the fearsome Austrian chancellor Metternich. Unification of the States in any form before 1848 was seen by many as a distant dream and by many more as an undesirable change. Austrian influence within Italy was huge; Austrians directly governed three states and controlled many others....   [tags: Papers] 1025 words
(2.9 pages)
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Bismarck Claims The Credit For German Unification - Bismarck Claims The Credit For German Unification In the early 19th Century, the growth of nationalism and the growing economic strength of the German states was very great. The German's shared a common identity in the form of language race and heritage such as music, literature and poetry. The growing improvements in communications and transport also brought the states one step closer together. The reduction of the number of German states from 365 to 39 states made each state more economically and militarily stronger....   [tags: Papers] 2261 words
(6.5 pages)
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The Effect of Revolutions on the Cause of Unification in Italy - The Effect of Revolutions on the Cause of Unification in Italy There are many factors that may explain why so little was achieved in Italy from 1848-9. In this essay I plan to examine how and why these factors contributed o failure. One point that should be made clear about Italian unification is that rather than one large organisation there were many separate movements, each with their own ideas and intentions concerning Italy. Between the revolutionary movements there was a lack of co-operation and division....   [tags: Papers] 872 words
(2.5 pages)
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Colonial Unification Dbq - Colonial Unification " Societies take their shape from any number of forming elements, some roughly identifiable, some obscure and mysterious. There is a strange interplay between ideas and geography, between thought and the landscape that thought encounters; between inherited ideas and acquired environment." (pg 152 Smith, Page A New Age Now Begins) History has shown us that in order for a society to flourish there must be some commonality within the society. Sharing similar values, interests and cultures may be the basis for forming a community....   [tags: American History] 1716 words
(4.9 pages)
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The course of the Industrial Revolution in England - The origin of the industrial revolution was in the sixteenth century. There were both demand and supply sides to industrialization. New technology and goods were the supply-side factors, while home markets and exports made demand available (Fukuyuma 437). Households worked harder so that they would be able to purchase new consumer goods. There was a transition from production using hand to use of machines. The development of steam technology provided for the improvement of efficiency in the use of water power....   [tags: german unification, fukuyuma, textile industry]
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1010 words
(2.9 pages)
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Global Unification through Handheld Technology - Global Unification through Handheld Technology "Handheld technology: is it the greatest invention since sliced bread?" (Lewis 1). Whether or not these technologies will be remembered as one of the greatest inventions of all time is yet to be determined, but handheld technologies are definitely changing the way people access and work with information. Handheld technologies were first created to help make some of life's current tasks simpler and faster to complete. Two of the main handheld technologies are the Global Positioning System (GPS) and the Personal Data Assistant (PDA)....   [tags: Technologies Education Essays]
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4088 words
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The Process of the Unification and Founding of the German Empire in a European Context: Otto Von Bismarck - There were a number of events that occurred before eventually resulting in the reunification of Germany in 1871. The first steps towards the unification of Germany began in 1814 after the downfall of Napoleon’s ‘Rheinbund’ this began the period of restoration, where princes and knights etc. reclaimed their political control over their territory that they had under the old ‘Reich’ before 1789 (Mark Allinson, 2002). Rulers of areas in Europe (including Germany) attended the ‘Wiener Kongress’ from October 1814 to June 1815 in order to adjust Europe post Napoleon....   [tags: history, german empire]
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1997 words
(5.7 pages)
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The Unification of the Church - Context The letter of Ephesians is the tenth book in the New Testament, its authorship is attributed to Paul after his conversion from a persecutor of Christians to apostle. The legitimacy of his authorship is still debated by scholars. Harold Hoehner in his book “Ephesians: An Exegetical Commentary,” lists a number of reasons why many scholars reject Paul as the author. But, for the purposes of this exegetical Paul is considered the author of the letter. It is estimated that the letter was written in A.D 60-61 (Arnold, 3)....   [tags: bible, new testatment, ephesians]
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1295 words
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Nationalism as the Most Important Cause of German Unification - Nationalism as the Most Important Cause of German Unification Nationalism is generally defined as the feeling of loyalty shared by a group of people united by race, language, and culture. It is a stronger belief than patriotism, the sentiment of loyalty towards one’s nation, as it is the belief that shared characteristics of a common people are valuable and need to be preserved by the creation and maintenance of a nation state. In respect to German Unification which was carried out between 1864 and 1871, historians have often described the process as a product of nationalism....   [tags: Papers] 853 words
(2.4 pages)
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Blood and Iron - The Main Factors in the Unification of Germany - Blood and Iron - The Main Factors in the Unification of Germany The unification of Germany was not just a matter of the signing a document stating that the many states had become one country. There were problems such as varying languages, currencies, and ethnic minorities to name a few. In the end however one country, Germany was the states as one but how was it unified. 'Coal and iron' refers to economic ties unifying Germany and 'blood and iron' refers to the unification of Germany through force....   [tags: Unified Germany ] 1722 words
(4.9 pages)
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Discussion of the Likeliness of Italian Unification Before 1848 - Discussion of the Likeliness of Italian Unification Before 1848 There was great unrest in Italy in years leading up to 1948. Ideas of revolution had spread through Europe and inspired many people. In this essay I will be examining the forces acting for and against unification and how successful they were. Ideas such as Nationalism and Liberalism became popular with the Italian middle class. The middle classes hatred for Austrian rule was growing and people didn't understand why people of the same culture should be divided and ruled by foreign monarchies....   [tags: Papers] 618 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Role of Bismarck in Bringing About the Unification of Germany - The Role of Bismarck in Bringing About the Unification of Germany Bismarck certainly played an important part in the unification of the German states. His intentions are shown in his ?iron and blood. speech, where he set out his aims to protect the king and to unify the German states by isolating Austria. However, many historians argue that Bismarck?s plan relied on luck, and that events unravelled greatly in his favour. Even Bismarck later admitted in his memoirs . ?I was like a man wandering in a forest....   [tags: Papers] 1551 words
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The Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Christianity - The Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Christianity The word cult, as defined by Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary denotes “a usually small circle of persons united by devotion or allegiance to an artistic or intellectual movement or figure.” According to this interpretation, all religious groups can be classified as having this characteristic. However, due largely in part to stereotypes portrayed in the media, much of society perceives the word cult as definable by “a close-knit, unorthodox religious movement in which members, or potential members are enticed by means of deception and indoctrination.” It is in accordance with this explanation that one can separatel...   [tags: Papers] 1250 words
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The Contribution of Cavour, Garibaldi and Napoleon III to the Unification of Italy - The Contribution of Cavour, Garibaldi and Napoleon III to the Unification of Italy The “Risorgimento” or “Resurrection” culminated in the declaration of the Kingdom of Italy and was finalized and put beyond all doubt when Rome, capital of the Papal States, was conquered in 1870. There were three key members of this gradual process who made the unification of Italy possible. Cavour, born into a noble Piedmontese family, started his career in the military but, due to his liberal views he was forced to leave and he resigned in 1831....   [tags: Free Essays] 395 words
(1.1 pages)
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Economic Factors in Unification of German People in the 19th Century - Economic Factors in Unification of German People in the 19th Century There is little debate about the factors concerned in nineteenth century German unification, the argument commences when the most important is put to question. To find the most important we must surely look to the primary factors, the instigating forces, or seeds if you will, that are required for the formation of a Nation State. The great Bismarck was a leader that undoubtedly showed much initiative and many would attribute the unification of the German speakers to his efforts, but the economic necessaries came long before the man who used them....   [tags: Papers]
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1208 words
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Compare and Contrast the Unification of Germany, Italy, and the United States - Compare and Contrast the Unification of Germany, Italy, and the United States From the 1790s to 1814 French troops successively conquered and occupied the area that later constituted the German Empire. French domination helped to modernize and consolidate Germany and -- toward the end -- sparked the first upsurge of German nationalism. In different ways the French emperor Napoleon I helped German unification. It was important that he encouraged many of the middle-sized German states to absorb huge numbers of small independent territories, mostly bishoprics, church lands, and local principalities....   [tags: Papers] 2340 words
(6.7 pages)
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Cavour's Diplomacy and Garibaldi's Ideas and Italian Unification - Cavour's Diplomacy and Garibaldi's Ideas and Italian Unification The historical view of Italian Unification like other revolutionary processes of the nineteenth century has become a mix of both exaggerated myth and fact. With hindsight historians can now detach themselves sufficiently from events to distinguish, objectively which figures in the Risorgimento allowed it to result in the United Kingdom of Italy in 1870. Any historical movement is a culmination of events and combination of different figures....   [tags: Giuseppe Garibaldi Count Camillo Benso di Cavour]
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3175 words
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Camilo Carvour - ... In between, from Denmark to Switzerland, lay small provinces that Bismarck needs to incorporate under the Prussian crown to create a viable German Empire. The movement to unite Italy into ones cultural and political entity was known as the Risorgimento. Giuseppe Mazzini and his leading pupils, Giuseppe Garibaldi, failed in their attempts to create an Italy united by democracy. Garibaldi, supported by his legions of Red Shirts mostly young Italian democrats who used the 1848 revolutions as a opportunity for democratics uprising failed in the face of the resurgence of conservative powers in Europe....   [tags: italian unification, politics] 707 words
(2 pages)
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How and Why the Piedmont-Sardinia Played an Important Part in Italian Unification - How and Why the Piedmont-Sardinia Played an Important Part in Italian Unification Piedmont-Sardinia played a colossal role in the achievement of national unity in Italy. Piedmont’s determination and commitment to the endorsement of its own interests, inadvertently paved the way for Italian unification. After 1848, the ideas of Gioberti, Mazzini and other such republicans no longer seemed feasible and Piedmont was recognized as the hope of liberal Italy. After the 1848 revolutions the old regimes had survived but they were still clearly vulnerable and too dependent on the weakened Austria....   [tags: Papers] 1198 words
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The Extent to Which Austria was the Main Obstacle to the Unification of Italy in the Period 1815-1849 - The Extent to Which Austria was the Main Obstacle to the Unification of Italy in the Period 1815-1849 In the period immediately after the Vienna settlement in 1815 and up to the widespread revolutions throughout Europe and especially Italy in 1848 and 1849, the prospect of a united Italy seemed almost a distant dream. There were a range of obstacles in between progress to a unified state. These included the outright strength of foreign powers and in particular of Austria in suppressing revolution and thereafter its ability to recover quickly....   [tags: Papers] 2112 words
(6 pages)
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Women's Rights: Unification of Pro-Life and Pro-Choice through Feminism - Abortion and Women's Rights: Unification of Pro-Life and Pro-Choice through Feminism January 22, 1973 is a day that, in the eyes of many modern feminists, marked a giant step forward for women's rights. On this date the U.S. Supreme court announced its decision in Roe v. Wade, a verdict that set the precedent for all abortion cases that followed. For the first time, the court recognized that the constitutional right to privacy "is broad enough to encompass a woman's decision whether or not to terminate her pregnancy" (Roe v....   [tags: Pregnancy Female Abortion Essays]
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1888 words
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The Olive Branch Petition: A Unification of the Colonies - After our class debate about the colonists’ ideas concerning separation, I began to wonder what final avenue was taken in an attempt to avert the Revolutionary War. To find a source pertinent to my interest and fitting for our assignment, I searched the “historymatters.gmu.edu” site using the key words “Revolutionary War primary document.” The search provided several documents, such as Washington’s papers at the Library of Congress, Martha Ballard’s diary, as well as a few others. None of the documents in my original search were specific enough to my interests in the days leading up to the American Revolution....   [tags: Revolutionary War, the Olive Branch Petition] 864 words
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Unification of the Colonists Against England - For the English colonies, the French and Spanish colonies were an hindrance to westward expansion, trade and cooperation with Native Americans. They saw the French and Spanish as a potential military threat in the new world. The English, who where mainly protestant, thought of the French and Spanish colonies as a bastion of Roman Catholic Christianity, which bothered them greatly. In 1739, Great Britain declared war on Spain in what was known as the War of Jenkin’s Ear, which was fought mostly in the New World....   [tags: American Colonial Colony] 1792 words
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The Unification of Spain: King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella - Queen Isabella of Castile and King Ferdinand of Aragon were one of the most famous married couples in history. Isabella was beautiful. “She had blue eyes and chestnut hair.” “She was just striking” (Isaacs). By the time she was 18, she wore beautiful gowns and jewels. “She wore them throughout her life” (Isaacs). Ferdinand and Isabella ruled Spain in a joint ruling, converted Muslims to Christianity, sponsored Christopher Columbus’s journey to a New World, had a family and Isabella even had time for education....   [tags: Spanish History Essays]
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Bizmarck's Responsibility for Prussian Domination of Germany by 1866 - Bizmarck's Responsibility for Prussian Domination of Germany by 1866 In 1866 Prussia defeated Austria, which enabled Bizmarck to dissolve the German Confederation and exclude Austria from German affairs for good. However there is a great historical debate over how much of a role Bizmarck actually played in the eventual Prussian domination of a united Germany. There is no doubt that he played an important part but other factors must be considered for instance how important the years previous to 1862 when Bizmarck came to power were....   [tags: Papers] 1014 words
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The Major Obstacles to the Italian Movements in the Period 1815-70 - The Major Obstacles to the Italian Movements in the Period 1815-70 Since the Vienna Settlement of 1815 overlooked the growth of nationalism in Italy, the Italians started to unify themselves. Although they faced many obstacles both internally and externally, these obstacles were overcome by 1870. The Risorgimento, which means a revival glory and prestige of the old days, was a success. Internally, the unification movement faced the problem of localism. The Vienna Settlement made localism a prevailing idea after 1815....   [tags: Papers] 842 words
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Nationalism in Europe - Nationalism in Europe Nineteenth century Europe, exploding with Nationalism, shows us how powerful a nation can be when united for a common cause. Nationalism is the love and devotion to ones country, where devotion stands for the spirit to protect the needs and ideals of the nation. Nationalism acted as a unifying force in Europe for much of the nineteenth century when unification movements were frequent. The unification of Italy and Germany, are prime examples of nationalism at work. By the end of the French revolution and Napoleanic wars, nationalism was growing rampant among the neighboring countries of France leading to an increasing amount of unification motions....   [tags: Papers] 883 words
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The Impact of Education in European, Asian, and Islamic Societies from 900-1300 AD - “Education is a state-controlled manufactory of echoes.”- Norman Douglas There is much truth to the quote stated above by Norman Douglas, especially during the 900-1300 when industrialization, agricultural innovation, international trade, and religious conquest rocked the European, Asian, and Islamic societies. The quest for unification and cultural/religious spread during this turbulent times were answered by universities that created men of an educated class. Higher education became the state and religion controlled medium to reinforce the agenda of established religious leaders and political authorities....   [tags: enlighten, the unenlightened.]
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A New Start For Germany - As the Thirty Years War and the Reformation were both coming to an end, Germany needed a new start. Over this long dreadful period of time for Germany there was a demand for change. In 1794 Germany consisted of more than 360 states and the majority of these states were very poor and were not run to they’re full potential. Between 1794 and 1815 the number of states went down from 360 states to thirty-nine states. Even though there was a major drop in the amount of states in Germany, they were still very divided and at an economic disadvantage....   [tags: European History] 1629 words
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The Italian Diaspora of the late 19th and early20th Century - Between 1861 and 1920, over 7 million Italians choose to emigrate from their home country (Italian Immigration: Why So Many Italians Live Outside Italy). Many Italian immigrants chose to make their new lives in South America, particularly in Argentina and Brazil. The mass migration of Italians began what is known as the “big migration” in Brazil (Sabina Stelzig). In this report I will explore what prompted so many Italians to brave an ocean crossing to immigrate to South America, how their influences impacted their new countries, and what push and pull factors Italians faced in leaving their home country and settling in a new one....   [tags: Hope, South America, Italy, Immigration]
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Nationalism in Europe - Nationalism is the idea that a people who have much in common, such as language, culture and geographic proximity ought to organize in such a way that it creates a stable and enduring state. Nationalism is tied to patriotism, and it is the driving force behind the identity of a culture. Nationalism had many effects in Europe from 1815, The Congress of Vienna and beyond. In the following essay I will describe many of the consequences of nationalism on European identity, as well as some of the conflicts that it created....   [tags: History of Europe, Change] 915 words
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Contributions of Sports to Society - Contributions of Sports to Society “The real glory is being knocked to your knees and then coming back. That's real glory. That's the essence of it.” -Vince Lombardi From 1870 to 1940, sports became one of the most prominent popular culture activities in America. The evolution of American sports transpired in response to the changing needs of society. Each transformation was established and popularized through the positive contribution sports, using them to rationalize the use of resources, required for participation or attendance....   [tags: Culture Activities, America, Sports]
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Otto von Bismarck - When Otto von Bismarck was recalled from Paris to become Minister-President of Prussia in 1862, German nationalism was already more than 40 years old. First apparent in the opposition to Napoleon´s occupation of the German states, national feeling grew into a movement after 1815. This feeling was encouraged by a growth of interest in German literature and music and by increased economic cooperation between the north German states. By 1848 it was strong enough to make the creation of a united Germany one of the main demands of the revolutionaries....   [tags: AP European History, The History of Europe] 866 words
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James VI & I's Desire to Create a Perfect Union Between Scotland and England - James VI & I's Desire to Create a Perfect Union Between Scotland and England After succeeding the English thrown in 1603, James VI & I of Scotland and England aimed to create the 'perfect union'. In 1604 he proclaimed himself king of Britain and attempted full unification of the nations. This was to involve uniting the Scottish and English parliaments, the church and the legal systems. It also included free trade, repeal of hostile laws and the renewal of borders. James's plan to create a perfect union was not to be successful for numerous reasons....   [tags: Papers] 1598 words
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The Mother-Daughter Relationship in Toni Morrison's Beloved - The Mother-Daughter Relationship in Toni Morrison's Beloved In Toni Morrison’s Beloved, 124 can be thought of as a character with human characteristics that are brought about by the spiritual presence of Sethe’s deceased daughter. It is almost as if the house is the physical element of this spiritual force, and the naming of the house as simply 124 immediately allows “readers to unconsciously register the unseen number three in 1-2-4” (Washington 175). This idea becomes relevant because after registering this, we can see a reoccurring pattern of this concept throughout the text....   [tags: Toni Morrison Beloved Essays] 2803 words
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Germany's Strong Economic Growth After 1871 - Germany's Strong Economic Growth After 1871 In January of 1871 Wilhelm of Prussia was proclaimed Emperor of Germany. The many German states had been unified with Prussiaat their head, the second Reich began. This unification of Germany and the 'iron chancellor' Otto Von Bismarck then lead Germany through a period of huge economic growth. In the space of 50 years Germany grew from a feudal simplicity to the great power which terrorised Europe throughout the First World War....   [tags: Papers] 2381 words
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Italy During 1861-1870 - Italy During 1861-1870 There are a number of issues that must be encompassed into a study when asking how united Italy was, the most obvious asking whether it was geographically unified, but then it is also necessary to look deeper into the matter, and it is required to consider other issues about unification. The other main concerns, which we must consider, are more subtle, such as unity in the form of culture, economy, and politics, and these issues will be discussed in this essay....   [tags: Papers] 512 words
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Nationalism and War - Nationalism and War Does nationalism have a relationship with the causes of the wars between 1792 and 1914. This can be disputed through the events of the French Revolution, the Napoleonic Wars, the unification struggles of Germany and Italy in the late 1800’s, the Alliance systems of the late 1800’s and the assassination of the Austrian archduke before the outbreak of World War 1. During the French Revolution in 1792, an effort was made to remove Austrian presence from French lands. This came about in part because King Louis XVI wanted to seek help from the Austrians to remove the reformers, persuading France to declare war on Austria....   [tags: Papers] 1094 words
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People Like Us - This essay will discuss the intrinsic relationship between diversity conceptualization and social integration presenting a response against David Brooks’ essay entitled “People Like Us.” In order to do this I will discuss four crucial elements: the influences of different definitions of diversity in cultural unification, Brook’s ideas about social groups working together and social groups coexisting together, the importance of diversity, and the influence of diversity in social changes. I will examine why some people have the perception that our American society ignore or see as unworthy diversity....   [tags: Literary Analysis, David Brooks] 938 words
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The Germans as a Chosen People: Old Testament Themes in German Nationalism by Hartmut Lehmann - In the article, “The Germans as a Chosen People: Old Testament Themes in German Nationalism,” Hartmut Lehmann attempts to show to what extent the Protestant denominations of Germany contributed to the rise of German nationalism. He focuses on religion, theology, and how various Protestant groups developed the idea that major events in Germany were directly influenced by god. This idea of divine intervention among Protestants eventually transformed into the notion that Germans had developed a special connection with God, and that they were the “chosen people.” He argues that there were four distinct phases in which the chosen people theme spread throughout Germany....   [tags: enlightenment ideas, missionaries] 1356 words
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To What Extent Did Nationalism Affect Music of the Romantic Period? - Introduction “Nationalism” is defined as “A social and political outlook insisting that the state should embody a national community united by some or all of the following: history, ethnicity, religion, common culture, and language” . Essentially, nationalism is an intense pride for ones’ country caused by a push for national unity. Nationalism was stirred due to the sense of loss in national origin. During the 1800’s, a ruling power, often imperialist, imposed their culture, language, and history onto their empire....   [tags: Classical Music]
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The Exceptional Presidency of Abraham Lincoln - When Abraham Lincoln was elected president, he inherited a nation entrenched in chaos. Throughout his presidency he led the Union through a trying period highlighted by the secession, the institution of slavery, and the greatest internal conflict in the history of the United States, the Civil War. Lincoln stuck to his principles during this arduous time and through this was able to re-unite the nation. With no historical precedents to help validate his actions, Lincoln still succeeded in bringing about the reconciliation of the North and South....   [tags: american history] 1015 words
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Parents Suffering with an Eating Disorder - Government intervention is a slippery slope, especially when you are talking about taking a mother or father away from their children. In most cases, family means the world to a parent and to break that up would be the end of them. Although eating disorders are extremely dangerous and can develop at any age, parents shouldn’t be taken away from their home and family due to this. If the eating disorder has exponentially grown so it’s affecting the child in an intense and immediate manner, parents should stay at home and battle this together....   [tags: Mental Health ]
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Turner and The Royal Canadian Legion - It was blustery and cool with showers on the day Canadians gathered at the War Memorial in Ottawa on Vimy Day in 2010 to honour the passing of the last Canadian First World War veteran, George Babcock. A snow shower just before the ceremony was a modest reminder of the snow and sleet the soldiers endured in the Battle of Vimy Ridge on April 9, 1917. As a central part of the ceremony, Babcock’s descendants passed the flame of remembrance to the leaders of the Army and Navy Veterans (ANV) and the Royal Canadian Legion, as the representatives of the veterans who sacrificed for Canada in its wars....   [tags: Military History]
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Factors Leading To World War I - Modern nationalism began as a liberal reaction to the autocracy of the dynastic states of Europe. Before the nineteenth century, nationality was based upon personal allegiance to a monarch. So a Frenchman living in 1785 would rightfully consider himself a subject of the bourbon king Louis xvi rather than a citizen of France. Moreover, the Frenchman need not even have been French by language and tradition as most of the dynastic states were made up of a mixture of culturally diverse peoples....   [tags: Modern Nationalism, Europe] 863 words
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The Spread of Islam in Arabia - ... The third explanation of the rapid spread of Islam throughout Arabia and beyond was – most importantly- the religious devotion of the leaders, and general Arab population. Muslim conquests would not have succeeded without being fuelled with a sense that God was on their side. Tamara Sonn, the Kenan Professor of Religion and Humanities affirms that the basic principles of Islamic faith captivated the people and structured Islamic life in Medina, and it was around these practices and core values that the early Muslim community was built (23)....   [tags: historical reasons, religious ideals]
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In What Major Respects Had Europe Changed By 1971 From The Situation I - From the 1815 until the 1871, Europe underwent a great change. As the revolution of the 1830s showed, the Vienna Settlement did not last, even though the great European powers were able for a while to take the situation under control with brutal repression. However, it was impossible to stop the liberal revolution, which led to important political events and deep social changes. In the political field there are three major events: the rise of Napoleon III, the unification of Germany and the Italian Risorgimento....   [tags: essays research papers] 2223 words
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The Downfall of Communism in Eastern and Central Europe - The Downfall of Communism in Eastern and Central Europe The shocking fall of communism in Eastern and Central Europe in the late eighties was remarkable for both its rapidity and its scope. The specifics of communism's demise varied among nations, but similarities in both the causes and the effects of these revolutions were quite similar. As well, all of the nations involved shared the common goals of implementing democratic systems of government and moving to market economies. In each of these nations, the communist regimes in power were forced to transfer that power to radically different institutions than they were accustomed to....   [tags: Government Essays]
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Reunification between North and South Korea - Reunification between North and South Korea "In our hearts, I think we have already achieved reunification." Kim Bok Young, a clothing retailer in Seoul.1 As a new generation is born and raised that has forgotten the Korean War, the vast majority of Koreans want reunification of the Korean peninsula. The collective group called “Koreans” is a people that were dramatically and carelessly ripped into two states....   [tags: Papers] 2424 words
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Post World War I Germany - Following World War I, Germany found itself a crippled state with a nation of unsatisfied people, due largely to pre-war political conflict, domestic negligence during the War, and consequences of the Treaty of Versailles. For the next decade, Germany was burdened with many economic, social, and political woes. The nation had lost much of its land, including crucial mining regions, and its military was drastically reduced, marked by the demilitarization of the Rhineland. In addition to the crumbling of German pride after the War, the country was plagued by hyperinflation and unemployment....   [tags: German History]
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