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Various Brain Tumor Detection Techniques - Brain tumor is an abnormal mass of tissue in which some cells grow or multiply uncontrollably. Various techniques have been developed for detection of brain tumor. This paper focuses on survey of well-known brain tumor detection techniques and the applied image segmentation procedures. The main concentration is on the techniques which use image segmentation to detect brain tumor. These techniques include Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), functional MRI (fMRI), Computed Tomography ( CT ) Scans and various others....   [tags: Computed tomography, tumor, MRI]
:: 38 Works Cited
3133 words
(9 pages)
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Cancerous Tumor Neruroblastoma - Neuroblastoma is a cancerous tumor that develops from nerve tissue. It usually occurs in infants and children. Neuroblastoma is a serious disease and it can occur in many areas of the body, sometimes starting at the sympathetic nervous system. This particular system controls your heart rate, blood pressure, digestion, and some levels of hormones. Neuroblastoma can spread pretty much anywhere in the body including the bones in your face, skull, pelvis, shoulders, arms and legs. It can also spread to bone marrow, liver, lymph nodes, skin, and around the eyes....   [tags: Cancer, Nerve Tissue, Tumor, Children]
:: 3 Works Cited
940 words
(2.7 pages)
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Tumor Protein 53 and its role in Ovarian Cancer - TP53, also called tumor protein 53 is a tumor suppressor gene that encodes p53 and acts as a control center for the cell to act on when stressed (Brachova). Human p53 is a nuclear phsophoprotein of molecular weight 53kDa located on chromosome 17 containing 11 exons and 10 introns (Ling). One of its primary roles is as a transcription factor and in its active state is a homotetramer comprised of four 393 amino acid residues (Joerger , The tumor suppressor p53). Another main role p53 plays is as a tumor suppressor and once activated, protects against cancer by “functioning as a sequence-specific transcription factor, through protein-protein interactions, activating cell cycle arrest, apoptosis...   [tags: tumor protein, ovarian cancer, tp53]
:: 11 Works Cited
2901 words
(8.3 pages)
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Death of a Tumor - Cell Background Animal cells are eukaryotic and have a very complex structure. A eukaryotic cell is composed of many membrane-enclosed organelles. Organelles are compartments that perform different functions inside the cell. An organelle called the nucleus contains the genetic material, or DNA, and is the most vital organelle of the cell because it is responsible for carrying the genes that make up the body. A cell's membrane is composed of two layers that regulate the flow of materials in and out of the cell....   [tags: Biology Cancer] 2081 words
(5.9 pages)
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Genes' Response of Tumor Cells to Apigernin - We focused on genes determining the response of tumor cells to apigenin. Our results do not suggest that the ABC transporters ABCB1 and ABCB5 may play a role for apigenin resistance. Multidrug resistance caused by P-glycoprotein (MDR1/ABCB1) represents a major impediment of cancer chemotherapy. P-glycoprotein is expressed in many tumor types being either inherently resistant to anticancer drugs or acquiring resistance during chemotherapy [26]. ABCB5 is highly expressed in melanoma [23] and confers multidrug resistance to anthracyclines and taxanes [24,27]....   [tags: drugs, virus, resistence, ] 1448 words
(4.1 pages)
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Cystic Hygrom is a Water-containing Tumor - Lymphatic malformations are rare masses consisting of fluid-filled spaces that are caused by abnormal development of the lymphatic system. This malformations are usually found by birth or by the age of 2-years-old. These malformations can affect any part of the body except for the brain. The most common area is that head or neck. When they are found in a fetus, at birth the masses are usually spongy, soft, and non-tender masses. Some malformations can be massive but regardless of size they can be potentially causes danger to near by structures or organisms and disfigurement of the area affected by the mass....   [tags: organisms, disease, malformations]
:: 8 Works Cited
576 words
(1.6 pages)
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Non-Islet Cell Tumor Hypoglycemia - Non-Islet Cell tumor hypoglycemia is caused by benign or malignant tumors, especially mesenchymal- or epithelial-derived tumors. In our patient, we have no pathological diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma but we use radiological diagnostic criteria as well-known international recommendation (3, 4). Moreover the history of long standing hepatitis B viral infection confirmed the diagnosis of hepatitis B induced hepatocellular carcinoma. Our patient presented with hypoglycemic adrenergic symptoms with low plasma glucose (below 55 milligrams/deciliter) which were disappeared after rise up plasma glucose, compatible with Whipple’s triads (5)....   [tags: mesenchymal or epithelial delivered tumors] 542 words
(1.5 pages)
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The Effects of a Tumor on the Family Members - The Effects of a Tumor on the Family Members A tumor that is specifically in the frontal cortex can cause many changes physically and emotionally which can affect the way you interact with your family. Some of the functions of the frontal lobe are attention, abstract thought, problem solving, intelligence, creative thought, initiative inhibition, judgment, mood, major body movements, bowel and bladder control, memory and reasoning (retrieved from www.ect.org. What this means is that you will not only experience these symptoms internally but externally as well....   [tags: Cancer Health Medical Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited
1255 words
(3.6 pages)
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Chondroblastoma Tumors: A Rare Bone Tumor Disease - Chondroblastoma Tumors Intro: Daniel was an aspiring college athlete. Since a young age all he wanted to do was be a professional basketball player. During practice one day he took a fall and injured his knee. Thinking nothing of it, he went home and did the usual regime. Plenty of ice, elevation, and over the counter pain meds did nothing for the pain. After several days, Daniel decided to see his physician and get his knee checked out so he could be in condition for his tryouts at the end of the month....   [tags: non-cancerous tumors at the end of long bones]
:: 5 Works Cited
1058 words
(3 pages)
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Oncogenes and Tumor Suppressor Genes Play a Role in Cancer - There are two main types of genes that play a role in cancer: oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. Proto-oncogenes are regular genes that can become oncogenes if mutated and an oncogene is a gene that can lead to a tumor when mutated because it causes cells to divide unrestrainedly (Heidi 2008). On the contrary, tumor-suppressor genes slow down cell division. When tumor-suppressor genes do not function properly, cells can grow as rapidly as an oncogene (Heidi 2008). Tumor-suppressor genes involve the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes that are found in breast cells (Klugar & Park 2013)....   [tags: mutation, inherited, breast] 797 words
(2.3 pages)
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VHL Tumor Suppressor Gene and Their Protein Products - Introduction to Tumor Suppressor Genes and Their Protein Products The other critical step in tumor initiation and progression, beside the activation of oncogenes, is the inactivation of tumor suppressor genes. Under normal function, a tumor suppressor gene (TSG) acts as a negative regulator for cell growth control by limiting cell proliferation and tumor development. For tumors to develop, it was found that both copies of the TSG must be lost either through mutation or deletion of the gene (1)....   [tags: oncogenes, cancer medicine]
:: 10 Works Cited
1152 words
(3.3 pages)
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Gene Therapy to Kill Tumor Cells Effectively - Recent studies are focusing on targeted gene therapies to kill tumor cells effectively without adverse effects on other normal cells (27). Melanoma differentiation-associated gene-7 (mda-7) gene is a novel tumor suppressor (2), that induces apoptosis in transformed cells without negatively affecting normal cells (28). Several studies have been performed to investigate its potential therapeutic effects and also to improve its functional properties (13). Here, we constructed three plasmids, including standard or fusion forms of mda-7 beside RGD peptides then their expression examined in some human cell lines....   [tags: effects, functionality, melanoma] 817 words
(2.3 pages)
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Osteosarcoma: A Malignant Tumor of Mesodermal Connective Tissue - Pathology Osteosarcoma is a malignant tumour of mesodermal connective tissue generally originating from bone and rarely in soft tissue (Dahlin, 1975). It is defined by the presence proliferating malignant mesenchymal cells that produce osteoid and/or immature bones (Gaeta, 1988). Osteosarcoma is most frequently found in the medullary cavity of the metaphysis of a growing long tubular bone. However, it can also appear on the surface of a bone (Gurfunkle, 2007). Most osteosarcoma’s develop in the appendicular skeleton with only 10% developing in axial skeleton....   [tags: bone diseases]
:: 9 Works Cited
933 words
(2.7 pages)
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My Brain Tumor - My Brain Tumor "I am not an animal, I am a human being!" - The Elephant Man I am different, so accept me. Even though I have physical disabilities I am still a human being. When I was four I had a brain tumor. The surgery left me with a paralyzed arm, crossed eye and a deaf ear. To make matters worse, the paralyzed arm was also my writing hand and I had to learn to be right-handed. When I was transferred from North Shore Hospital to Rusk Institute for Rehabilitation in New York City, I learned to use a wheelchair and was fitted for a brace that extended from my hips to my ankles....   [tags: Personal Narrative Essays] 554 words
(1.6 pages)
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Effects of Gene p53 the Tumor Repressor - "Induction of Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes and Antitumor Immunity with DNA Vaccines Expressing Single T Cell Epitopes," by Frank Ciernik, Jay A. Berzofsky, and David P. Carbone explores the uses of the gene gun and how it can induce both humoral and cellular immunity. The paper specifically explores the effects of p53, a tumor repressor which gets its name from its molecular weight( p53 is a protein that has a molecular weight of 53). It is tremendously important because fifty percent of known cancer types stem from a mutation in this gene....   [tags: Biology Cancer] 930 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Relationship Between Endoscopy Results and Serum Tumor Marker Levels in Patients with Dyspepsia - INTRODUCTION Gastrointestinal disorders are common diseases and can be diagnosed by endoscopy as a simple and effective procedure. Endoscopy has become a gold standard diagnostic procedure. The main purpose of endoscopist is early diagnosis or exclude gastrointestinal cancer, and to present other gastrointestinal diseases. Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) and Alpha fetoprotein (AFP) are used as a marker of gastrointestinal malignancies [1]. CA 19-9 and CEA are antigens related with most of epithelial originated cancers including gastrointestinal cancers [2]....   [tags: gastrointestinal health]
:: 17 Works Cited
1088 words
(3.1 pages)
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Summary of: Apoptosis in Human Hepatoma HepG2 Cells Induced by Corn Peptides and Its Anti-tumor Efficacy in H22 Tumor Bearing Mice - Jiang-Tao Li, Jiu-Liang Zhang, Hui He, Zhi-Li Ma, Zhi-Kui Nie, Zhen-Zhen Wang, and Xiao-Gen Xu are affiliated with the College of Food Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University & Key Laboratory of Environment Correlative Dietology, and the Ministry of Education, all in China. Their study of corn peptide effects on liver tumors in mice was funded by a grant from China’s National Natural Science Foundation and National “863” Program. They undertook this study to examine the effects of plant-derived chemicals on cancer....   [tags: corn peptide effects on liver tumors in mice]
:: 5 Works Cited
1199 words
(3.4 pages)
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Colon Cancer and Chemotherapy Treatment -     My grandmother was diagnosed with colon cancer in 2001 and again in 2011. She died shortly after her second surgery. I never really thought about what cancer was before this and what it does to someone’s body. I am sure there are others that never really look at specific diseases or illnesses until it affects them directly. Cancer is a horrible killer where abnormal cells multiply within a person’s body and reproduce to form a tumor.     What exactly is cancer. Our bodies reproduce and destroy billions of cells per day....   [tags: Disease, Tumor]
:: 3 Works Cited
1463 words
(4.2 pages)
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Elucidating the role of adhesion factors in circulating tumor cell clustering for breast cancer metastasis and venous thromboembolism - A. Background: Breast cancer has now become a disease which, in most cases, is easily treatable if detected early or non-aggressive. However, the major cause of death for patients with breast cancer is metastasis of tumor cells from the primary tumor to secondary sites throughout the body. Determining the hallmarks to differentiate aggressive tumors versus non-aggressive tumors will not only in how clinicians choose to initially treat the patients, but also could potentially be used as therapeutic targets to specifically target metastatic tumor cells....   [tags: Health] 736 words
(2.1 pages)
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A magnesium deficient diet inhibits tumor cell proliferation by altering the activity of cell cycle regulatory proteins. - Magnesium is a vital mineral involved with many cellular and metabolic functions. As the most abundant cation in the human body, magnesium is essential to cell proliferation, protein synthesis and energy production (Wolf, et al 2007). Among its many functions, magnesium plays a central role in the regulation of cell growth (Ruben, 1975). As such, the relationship between magnesium and the proliferation and growth of tumor cells has been the subject of numerous studies. Cellular growth, cell cycle proteins and the role of magnesium....   [tags: Mg Concentration, Neoplasticity]
:: 12 Works Cited
1286 words
(3.7 pages)
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The role of Perivascular Macrophages in Breast Cancer Metastasis - The role of Perivascular Macrophages in Breast Cancer Metastasis. 1. SPECIFIC AIMS The solid tumor microenvironment is comprised of both malignant and non-malignant cells and an increasing body of evidence suggests that the fate of malignant cells can potentially be altered by the behavior of the surrounding non-malignant cells. It is becoming increasingly evident that the modulation of tumor microenvironment has an important role to play in tumors displaying their full neoplastic potential and thus targeting the surrounding non-malignant cells particularly the immune cells as potential therapeutic targets is not unheard of....   [tags: tumor, malignant cells] 2458 words
(7 pages)
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The Brain on Trial by David Eagleman - In “The Brain on trial”, David Eagleman (2011) recounts the horrifying events which occurred on August 1, 1966. Charles Whitman entered the University of Texas with a rifle and secured himself in the bell tower. He then proceeded to shoot and kill 13 people and injure 32 more. Whitman was also shot and killed; however, during his autopsy it was discovered that a tumor was pressing against his amygdala. According to Eagleman, “The amygdala is involved in emotional regulation, especially of fear and aggression” (2011)....   [tags: murder, tumor, punishment]
:: 1 Works Cited
574 words
(1.6 pages)
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Differences in Cancer Stem Cell Properties in Human Colon Cancer Cell Lines HCT116 and HT29 - Summary: Background and objective. Tumor heterogeneity is shown to be related to clinical outcome in cancer patients. The concept of a small subset of cancer stem cells being responsible for tumor relapse and metastasis comes out as a promising strategy for targeted cancer therapy. However, cancer stem cells are not easy to identify and isolate. The aim of this study was to determine the putative colon cancer stem cell subsets in human colon cancer cell lines HCT116 and HT29, which differ in their aggressiveness and differentiation capacity....   [tags: tumor heterogeneity, coln cancer]
:: 28 Works Cited
1838 words
(5.3 pages)
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Charlie Lustman, a Survivor of Osteosarcoma, Helps Others - Osteosarcoma is a life- threatening disease but many survivors, like Charlie Lustman use their experience to help others. Charlie Lustman created a 13- song album, Made Me Nuclear, explaining his cancer experience and travels the country sharing his inspirational message. In 2006, an out of the ordinary bump on his jaw was biopsied and determined to be osteosarcoma. He received two major surgeries and chemotherapy. Even without 75% of his jaw, Charlie stayed uplifted and positive. He brings his positivity and inspirations to hospitals, clinics, wellness centers, and schools....   [tags: cancer, tumor, genetic] 1836 words
(5.2 pages)
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Breast Cancer: The Most Common Form of Cancer in Women - ... These results do not mean that the technique is unreliable though. Some the reasons for the contradictory results could be inconsistent sequence fidelity, low specificity of the microarrays, or differences in the hybridization conditions, fluorescence measurement, and normalization. The Food and Drug Administration launched a project to address the issue of reproducibility of microarrays between labs and platforms. The results of this project showed that microarray measurements can be reproducible between different platforms....   [tags: deaths, radiation, tumor] 925 words
(2.6 pages)
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Rare But Incredibly Painful, Bone Cancer - Bone cancer is a very rare aggressive cancer that makes a considerable amount of pain in the bones of the patients. Bone cancer is a disease that occurs on or inside a bone. In most cases, bone cancer involves a tumor filled with abnormal cells that will usually appear on the exterior of the bone. Similar to other types of cancer, bone cancer causes much pain and can be life-threatening. My mother was diagnosed with primary bone cancer last year and it has been a very long, hard process for her and the whole family....   [tags: symptoms, tumor, radiation]
:: 5 Works Cited
738 words
(2.1 pages)
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Facts and Statistics of People with Breast Cancer - According to statistics found on cancer.gov, around 233,000 women in the US will develop breast cancer in 2014, with over 40,000 people expected to die from it in 2014 alone (cancer.gov, 2009). With numbers this large, breast cancer is quickly becoming a heart breaking tragedy for too many families. And the worst part about it is that there is no long term cure for cancer, even if doctors are able to remove the tumor they found from your body, there is no guarantee that another one won’t form or grow....   [tags: genes, tumor, cell]
:: 15 Works Cited
791 words
(2.3 pages)
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Cancer Chemoprevention Using Pharmacolgical, Natural, or Dietary Agents - Cancer chemoprevention is defined as the use of pharmacological, natural, or dietary agents to inhibit the development of invasive cancer by blocking DNA damage caused by carcinogens or by arresting the progression of premalignant cells after damage has already occurred”[48]. The multiple stages of carcinogenesis recommend the usage of multiple strategies for protection. Though, statistically speaking, it was predominantly observed in animal models that the comprehensive protection from carcinogenic induced tumour progression was achieved when the chemopreventive agents was administered prior to the exposure of carcinogen or in parallel to the exposure to the carcinogen [49]....   [tags: carcinogen, polyphenols, tumor] 640 words
(1.8 pages)
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Breast Cancer is a Growing Epidemic - Breast Cancer Report Breast cancer is a growing epidemic that many women (and men) are faced with. Fortunately, there are many preventative measures you can take against it and a lot of research has been done to make it manageable. Only 5-10% of patients obtained cancer hereditarily, otherwise known as through their genes (American Cancer Society 2011). ar The real cause of cancer mutations are within two genes (Phelan 2013). Proto-oncogenes are the genes within your cell that determine what it’s function is, and how much it divides (ACS, 2011)....   [tags: mutation, tumor, gene] 632 words
(1.8 pages)
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Struggling to Function with a Neurological Disorder - When witnessing someone with a Neurological disorder, one counts his/her blessings. People with Neurological disorders struggle to function normally and knowing there is no cure to help them, it is frustrating. Cancer patients do struggle just like the patients with Neurological disorders but there is more patients with Neurological disorders than Cancer patients. The problem is more funding is given to Cancer research as opposed to Neurological research. A Patient with a Neurological disorder can be disabled their whole life without being able to do anything....   [tags: brain, tumor, cancer] 717 words
(2 pages)
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Scientific Advancements to the Study and Treatment of Cancer - “The origin of the word cancer is credited to the Greek physician Hippocrates (460-370 BC), who is considered the “Father of Medicine.” (American Cancer Society) Cancer has become in the last years the second leading death in America and it was also in 2012 accounted for 8.2 billion deaths around the world but this silent killer has been around for a long time; Scientist have discover that in the earliest civilizations as the Egyptians, human mummies, and human manuscripts found remains of cancerous tumors on the bones....   [tags: oncology, pediatric, tumor] 1096 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Word "Cancer" Strikes Fear - ... A sporadic cell change or mutation is usually what causes childhood cancer. (“Cancer in Children”) As mentioned, some cancers have been associated with repetitive exposures to specific environmental influences or risk factors. A risk factor is anything that may increase a person's chance of developing a disease. A risk factor does not necessarily cause the disease, but it may make the body less resistant to it. Genetic disorders and cell mutations are known to alter the immune system. The immune system is a complex system that functions to protect our bodies from infection and disease....   [tags: tumor, cell mutation, survivor] 1693 words
(4.8 pages)
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Hodgkin's Lymphoma is a Curable Cancer - Hodgkin’s Lymphoma According to the National Cancer Center, there were approximately 9,290 new cases of individuals being diagnosed with Hodgkin’s Lymphoma in the United States in 2013 with only 1,180 of those cases resulting in death. It has been said that Hodgkin’s Lymphoma is one of the most curable cancers even in its late stages. Hodgkin’s Lymphoma is classified as being cancer of the B cells in the lymphatic system in which the B cells grow abnormally. Unlike normal B cells, which divide and die off, the diseased B cells do not....   [tags: nodes, diagnosis, tumor]
:: 4 Works Cited
824 words
(2.4 pages)
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PET Scan, MRI and Radithor -   Part 1 Condition- Brain Tumor Medical technologies chosen- PET and MRI A PET (Positron Emitting Tomography) scan creates 3-D images of the body. It does this by using radioactive tracers, which are usually administered to a patient through injection. The tracers are made up of carrier molecules that are tightly bonded to a radioactive atom, called an isotope. The carrier molecule can interact with and bind to specific protein or sugars in the body the carrier molecule that will be used depends on what the doctor is looking for....   [tags: brain tumor medical technologies]
:: 5 Works Cited
1272 words
(3.6 pages)
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Women´s Health Breast Cancer - ... About 5-10% of breast cancer cases are related to family. For example, if a women’s mother or sister has breast cancer, she may be at higher risk of getting the disease. Mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 are leading factors of breast cancers in women; it will actually promote the development of cancer cells. There are other genetic reasons that may increase the risk of breast cancer. For example, according to a research done by some Chinese scholars, “genetic variants in the vicinity of pre-miR-101-2 were associated with breast cancer risk in the Chinese population.” However, most breast cancer patients do not have family history of this disease....   [tags: cells, tissues, tumor] 1133 words
(3.2 pages)
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Gigantism: Causes and Symptoms - Gigantism is a rare disease that seems to cause extreme growth of a person’s height, bones, muscles, and organs. It occurs when there is too much activity in the pituitary gland, creating a tumor. The tumor is typically large and it invades the brain tissue. Gigantism normally begins during early childhood and before a child’s bone growth plate closes. This disease is not very common and has only appeared in about 100 people throughout United States history. There are numerous symptoms to having gigantism....   [tags: tumor, pituitary gigantism, ] 610 words
(1.7 pages)
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Clinical Integration Case Analysis - The patient is a 57 year old female who was diagnosed with Stage IIIC Ovarian Cancer. Stage IIIC means that the tumor is in one or both of the ovaries and it has spread to the lymph nodes and/or deposits of the cancer exceed 2cm in diameter in the abdomen (ovarian.org). At 57 years of age, she should be in Erickson’s Generativity vs. Stagnations stage of psychosocial development. During this she should be focused on her impact on the next generation. For many this is how they have impacted their children but she does not have any children....   [tags: ovarian cancer, depression, tumor]
:: 22 Works Cited
1925 words
(5.5 pages)
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Biology: Cell Division Cycle - Change is constant throughout all living things and that is particularly true when it comes to biology and in particular cell-division cycle. All organisms are constantly dividing and growing throughout their life time. The cell-division cycle in eukaryotes is a complex process that involves cyclins, cdks and multiple checkpoints that eventually lead to cell division. There are two different types of cell division which are Meiosis and Mitosis. Meiosis is the type of cell division which involves gametes or sex cells that are involved in sexual reproduction....   [tags: mitosis, tumor, chromosomes]
:: 5 Works Cited
1568 words
(4.5 pages)
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The Real Meaning of Brain Cancer - Around New Year's Eve, HHH FFF’s husband noticed changes in his wife's personality. Soon after, she was diagnosed with primary central nervous system lymphoma, which arises in lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell. A few weeks before her 29th birthday, CC had a seizure and was later diagnosed with an oligodendroglioma, a slow-growing, low-grade brain tumor. One Valentine's Day, BBB collapsed with a seizure. Emergency room doctors diagnosed him with a high-grade glioblastoma, the most aggressive and deadly form of brain tumor....   [tags: brain tumor, radiation, environmental factors] 1006 words
(2.9 pages)
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Cancer Stem-Cell Theory - ... Clonogenic assays have shown that, though most cells in a tumor have a limited ability to proliferate, a subset of cancer cells exist in these tumors that continuously proliferate and give rise to new tumors on transplantation. Strategy to target cancer stem cells: The identification of CSC is essential for development of better and effective therapeutic strategies. The drugs used in the current therapies and treatments target not only the tumor cells, but also, the normal healthy cells of the body....   [tags: mutation, tumor, genetic] 740 words
(2.1 pages)
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Preventing Colon Cancer - Colon cancer has becoming more prevalent in the past few decades. However, it is one of the cancers that can be prevented through positive lifestyle and eating habits. The common symptoms that are seen in colon cancer include bloody, pencil-shaped stools, weight loss, tumor growth, abnormal bowel habits, etc. As Adrouny (2002) noted, the available treatments for colon cancer can be chemotherapy, radiation, as well as surgical, the primary treatment option involved in this type of disease (P. 69)....   [tags: eating habits, digestion, tumor] 899 words
(2.6 pages)
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Cancer: What Everyone Should Know - Cancer: What Everyone Should Know Cancer bombarded an estimate of 1,638,910 people in the United States alone and killed roughly 577,190 people (cancer.org). Nearly half of the people who were diagnosed with cancer died, why. It is not because Oncologists are not caring for the patients properly or that cancer research is not progressing. It is simply because awareness about cancer is at a bare minimum. It is true, some cultures dedicate the month of October to Breast Cancer Awareness, but Breast Cancer is not the only cancer that intrudes people’s bodies....   [tags: cancer, tumor, disease, cancer awareness]
:: 12 Works Cited
2363 words
(6.8 pages)
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Cencentration of Lipopolysaccharides Affect the Degree of the Cells´ in Vitro Change - Research Question: How does the concentration of lipopolysaccharides from Escherichia coli O111:B4 treated to RAW 264.7 cells affect the degree of the cells’ in vitro morphological change. Thanks to Anton van Leeuwenhoek’s microscopic observations of cells, Louis Pasteur’s swan neck duct experiments, and many other microbiologists’ dedication, we are now aware that we live in a world teeming with microorganisms. Interestingly enough, we are worlds for the microorganisms ourselves; it is estimated that an average human body hosts approximately 100 trillion microbes, the number of which dwarfs that of human cells present tenfold....   [tags: immune, system, tumor, exam, drugs] 881 words
(2.5 pages)
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Cell Phones Cause Brain Cancer - After reading this title, I imagine how many people in our generation do not fall under in this category. In today’s world it is hard to go anywhere without seeing someone talking on a cell phone. Even if it’s walking, driving, or playing is the streets, you will be able to see them everywhere. Whether or not someone answering their cell phone is increasing the likelihood of fatal brain cancer, is in question. Apparently in recent years there has been much research completed looking for a solid answer to the question....   [tags: genetic damage, brain tumor, radiation] 1323 words
(3.8 pages)
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Prayer, Spirituality, and Cancer - "The minute you think that you have no hope, you are down for the count. So you've got to always think there's hope," said Andy Delbridge who was interviewed by Don Teague of the Today Show. Andy relied on his spirituality when he was diagnosed with an aggressive brain tumor. Spirituality is a very debatable subject everyone has a different opinion of what it is, but when faced with a terminal illness your best bet will be prayer and putting your faith in a higher power. Webster’s dictionary defines prayer as, “An address to God or a god in word or thought.” If you were to read Yahoo Answers or some other answers website you will get different definitions from anyone willing to answer....   [tags: faith, terminal illness, brain tumor]
:: 7 Works Cited
734 words
(2.1 pages)
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Overview of Pancreatic Cancer - Pancreatic Cancer In today’s day and age, where medicine and science are advanced and able to cure many maladies, it comes as a disappointment that there are still things that are unable to be fixed with the knowledge that has been acquired. The purpose of this paper is to educate the importance of one such is that of cancer, and in particular pancreatic cancer. Pancreatic cancer is one disease that, even with all our knowledge and advancement, cannot be cured. Cancer is a class of diseases characterized by out-of-control cell growth, and pancreatic cancer occurs when this uncontrolled cell growth begins in the pancreas....   [tags: disease, tumor, abnormal cell growth]
:: 7 Works Cited
1456 words
(4.2 pages)
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Useful Technogies Used by Cardiac Tumor Surgeons - 1. Introduction This document represents the literature review, for some useful technologies used by cardiac tumour surgeons. Government statistics show that in 2013, there were 11,410 new soft tissue (including heart cancer) cases. Also in the same year 4,390 people died. (National Cancer Institute, 2013) This is an area of concern as the technologies are aimed at saving lives, by diagnosing the issues earlier. The criteria that will be looked at throughout the review, will be the impact it will have on heart tumours, how it works, benefits and disadvantages....   [tags: issues, tumors, works, disadvantages]
:: 13 Works Cited
676 words
(1.9 pages)
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Overview of Small Cell Lung Cancer - Most people know basically what cancer is. Many people know the different types of cancers there are. What a lot of people do not know is that every general type of cancer there is there are sub groups, more specific types of these cancers, (ex. Lung cancer) there are 3 types of lung cancer. The 3 types are: non-small cell lung cancer, small cell lung cancer, and lung carcinoid tumor. We are going to focus on small cell lung cancer. What some of the risk factors are. What are the different ways to determine the presence of the cancer....   [tags: carcinoid tumor, small cell, non small cell]
:: 5 Works Cited
1375 words
(3.9 pages)
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Radiation and Tyroid Cancer - ... 87% of this sharp increase is related to papillary thyroid cancer which is not too much of a problem for people. In 2012, the "Cancer" study said that the type of x-ray that exposed the most human-made radiation was dental x-rays (Roslin.) There are two sides to the question of whether x-rays cause cancer. Dr. Oz believes and has been encouraging people to limit the use of x-rays and that it raises the risk of causing cancer (Brody.) He said thyroid cancer was the "fastest-growing cancer in women." He said it was from dental x-rays and mammograms....   [tags: effects of radiation, x-rays, brain tumor]
:: 3 Works Cited
902 words
(2.6 pages)
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Brain Cancer - When you think of Brain cancer what do you think of. I think of it as millions of people being killed by it each year. It hard to think of someone that you love could die of something as that but it happens. Brain cancer is a malignant tumor that causes people to die. Some can be removed, and some can not. So over the past decades they have been trying to treat people. It has been working but not all the way. People get the cancer back and sometimes it cant be controlled and people die. Brain cancer is really deadly and kills millions each year....   [tags: malignant tumor, cancer cells, treatment] 969 words
(2.8 pages)
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Uterine Fibroids - UTERINES FIBROIDS a) What are uterine fibroids. Uterine Fibroids is a common medical condition that occurs generally in women in reproductive age. Fibroids are considered as benign tumors that grow up in the muscular wall of the uterus. Fibroids are also called leiomyoma or myoma. The size of the fibroids may vary from small sizes (apricot seed) to large sizes (similar to a melon). When fibroids rise up to a large size “The uterus expands to make it look approximating to a 6 or 7 months of pregnancy”....   [tags: women, uterus, tumor, leiomyoma, treatment]
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Cancer - Cancer is a genetic disease because it can be traced to alteration within specific genes, but in most cases, it is not an inherited disease. The genetic alterations that lead to most cancers arise in the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) of a somatic cell during the lifetime of affected individual. Because of these genetic changes, cancer cells proliferate uncontrollably, producing malignant tumour that invade surrounding healthy tissue. As long as the growth of tumour remains localized, the disease can usually be treated and cured by surgical removal of tumour....   [tags: Health, Diseases, The Tumor of Liver] 2308 words
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The Development and Types on Cancer - Cancer is the term given to a group of diseases characterised by unregulated cell growth, spread and invasion of abnormal forms of the body’s own cells resulting in the formation of a tumour. Cancer is responsible for more than a quarter of deaths in the UK, with lung, liv-er, colorectal and breast cancer being the most common causes of cancer deaths each year [1]. In 2012, cancer accounted for 8.2 million deaths worldwide [2]. Normally, cells undergo cell division to form new cells, however this process can become unregulated producing extra cells....   [tags: cells, tumor, mutation] 725 words
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Thyroid cancer in Australia - Thyroid cancer in Australia is more common in women than men and is usually seen in people younger than 50 years of age, accounting for 2.1% of all cancers in Australia (Thyroid cancer - Cancer Council NSW (2014)). Many types of tumours can develop in the thyroid gland which is situated at the front part of the neck under the thyroid cartilage. Papillary thyroid cancer is the most common type of thyroid cancer with approximately 8 of 10 people with thyroid cancer having papillary thyroid cancer (Ain K, Lee C, Holbrook K (2014))....   [tags: women, tumor, biopsy]
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Breast Cancer - Breast Cancer There is a large amount of women who are diagnosed with breast cancer every day but they usually do not know a lot about it in terms of how it forms and the many ways it can be treated. Breast cancer is a very serious disease that shouldn’t be taken lightly; if it is left untreated it can spread to other organs and eventually kill you.  Even if you do not have breast cancer, chances are that you know or will know someone who will get it, so it is imperative that people understand how breast cancer forms, know the stages of breast cancer, be familiar with who gets breast cancer and how you can possibly avert it, and understand all of the different ways to treat the cancer and...   [tags: Health Breast Cancer Tumor Essays Papers] 1297 words
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Brain Turmors: Meningioma - Meningioma represents about 34% of all primary brain tumors and occurs most frequently in middle-aged women (Brain Tumor Primer 49). Meningioma mostly occurs in older women, but a meningioma can still occur in males at any age, including childhood. Majority of meningioma are benign which are slow growing tumors that are localized and non-infiltrating (Brain Tumor Primer 49). A meningioma can be found at the base of the skull, and in the back, lower part of the brain (Brain Tumor Primer 49). The benign meningioma grows with distinct borders because it grows slowly, it can grow large before symptoms are noticeable (Brain Tumor Primer 50)....   [tags: patients, glioma] 1266 words
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Analysis and Description of Neurofibromatosis Type One - Neurofibromatosis Type one (NF1) is the most common genetic disease in the world, and it affects one in every 3,000 to 4,000 births worldwide (Children’s Tumor Foundation, 2014). Neurofibromatosis comes in three different types: Schwannomatosis is the most severe, then Neurofibromatosis Type two (NF2), and finally the least severe, Neurofibromatosis Type one. Depending on the severity of NF1 a person could live a perfectly normal life; however, life-debilitating complications are still possible and treatments can be time consuming....   [tags: genetic disease, neurofibromatosis, nf1]
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Central Nervous System Cancers - Central nervous system (CNS) cancers are the second most common cancer in children in the United States, representing just over 20% of all malignancies during childhood.1 In 2010, there were 4,030 new cases of pediatric brain and other CNS tumors in children between the ages of 0-19, including 2,880 who were younger than 15 years.2 Incidence rates are slightly higher in males when compared to females, and slightly higher among white children when compared to black children.3 Mortality following a diagnosis of a CNS tumor in childhood continues to decline....   [tags: Medical Research]
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Vaginal Infections and Metronidazole - Summary of Metronidazole Article: Bacterial vaginosis is one of the major contributors of vaginal infections during pregnancy and accounts for 40 percent of these cases. Generally, bacterial vaginosis is associated with several obstretic complications like pre-term labor and delivery, untimely rupture of membranes, postpartum endometrisis, and chorioamnionitis (Wang et. al., 2010, p.444). Metronidazole has traditionally been used as the drug of choice in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis because it is an agent of the nitroimidazole antibiotic family....   [tags: pregnancy, bacteria] 864 words
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Development Process of Breast Cancer Cells - The purpose of this essay is to identify the processes through which breast cancer cells develop and to discuss the pathology and methods diagnosing as well as various treatments available. Breast cancer is the most prevalent type of cancer among American women, producing more than forty thousand fatalities annually Mohammad et al. The malignant tumors are made up of different sets of observable sets of characteristics that resulted from the interactions between the various breast cancer cells genotype and the environment....   [tags: detection, effective intervention]
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What are Tumors and How Can They Affect the Brain? - I would like to start this essay by saying, I have an interest in covering this topic because I know of a couple people that are very close to me that have been affected by this condition. A doctor found a benign, tumor within my friend’s brain at the age of thirteen, but he is now twenty-four years old and as healthy as ever. My father is the other person I know who had a tumor. A team of doctors found his tumor when he was thirty-nine years old; I was only four years old at the time. His was also benign but it was within a different spot of his brain, unfortunately he passed away twelve years after he found out he had it....   [tags: brain tumors] 1461 words
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Mobile Phones Relationship to Brain Tumors - ... My purpose is to convince this specific audience to believe that using a mobile phone does not increase the risk of having brain tumor. This following paragraphs will explain how, and why i choose to use the rhetorical strategy of , statistic, and greater good in my infographics project, to persuade my particular audience that using mobile phone doesn’t cause brain tumor. The first rhetorical strategy i used in my infographics project is definition. I used definition because it gives my audience a clear understanding of the terms associated with my topic of choice.The definition i used ( radio frequency energy) can be found approximately under my introductory text that talks about how a...   [tags: infographic project, radio frequency] 612 words
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Probability of a Breast Cancer Patient Undergoing More than one Surgery - Surgical Oncology is a subset of oncology that focuses on the surgical management of cancer. Though, it has not been ratified by a Board certification, this area of expertise is coming to its own by the success of combined treatment with chemotherapy, radiation, and targeted biological treatments. Through developing technology, such as the iKnife, surgery to target tumorous cells is becoming a necessary and popular field of medicine and is a very viable option for cancer procedures, both for treatment and prevention....   [tags: surgical oncology,breast cancer,chemotherapy]
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Histopathologic Characteristics of Colorectal Cancer in Inner City Minority New Yorkers - INTRODUCTION Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most frequent cause of death from malignancy after lung and bronchial cancer in men and women in the United States. The African Americans (AA) are the ethnicity with the highest incidence (68.4 men, 51.7 women) and mortality (31.4 men, 21.6 women) in comparison with whites and Hispanics. 1 From our previous study, we demonstrated that AA has significant lower overall survival rate than Hispanics in our population in southern Bronx.2 We postulated that the discrepancy of mortality in these two cohort of patients who were from same geographical disposition raised the issue of biological risk of CRC and mortality among AA....   [tags: high mortality, agressive tumors]
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Brain Cancer: The Cause and Effects - Brain Cancer: The Cause and Effects Genetic diseases have been around for centuries yet, scientists have only started researching these hereditary and genetic nightmares in the past 100 years(Freedman 2). They vary from hemophilia to yellow nail syndrome and, have different causes, effects, and treatments for each. Cancer is a recently discovered genetic disease that has affected millions of people around the world. A particularly deadly type of cancer is brain cancer, this mutation can have dangerous effects on a human’s mind and body....   [tags: genetic diseases, hereditary diseases]
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Brain Cancer: The Cause and Effects - Genetic diseases have been around for centuries yet, scientists have only started researching these hereditary and genetic nightmares in the past 100 years(Freedman 2). They vary from hemophilia to yellow nail syndrome and, have different causes, effects, and treatments for each. Cancer is a recently discovered genetic disease that has affected millions of people around the world. A particularly deadly type of cancer is brain cancer, this mutation can have dangerous effects on a human’s mind and body....   [tags: genetic diseases, hemophilia, tumors]
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Tumors or Lesions to the Hypothalamus Patient - Tumors or Lesions to the Hypothalamus Patient The Hypothalamus is a small area near the base of the brain just ventral to the thalamus. It has widespread connections with the rest of the forebrain and the midbrain. Partly through nerves and partly through hypothalamic hormones, the hypothalamus conveys messages to the pituitary gland, altering its release of hormones (Kalat, 2003). Any type of damage to a hypothalamic nucleus, such as tumors or lesions, may lead to abnormalities in one or more motivated behaviors, such as feeding, drinking, temperature regulation, sexual behavior, fighting, or activity level....   [tags: Neurology Neurological Papers Research]
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Review of Research Paper on Metastasis of Cancerous Tumors - Introduction Early diagnosis provides the best hope many have in beating cancer. Unfortunately, this is not the end of the fight for many cancer patients. Primary tumors may be successfully treated early, only to later discover they have metastasized to other areas of the body. The common medical definition of metastasis is: The spread of cancer from one part of the body to another. Tumors formed from cells that have spread are called “secondary tumors” and contain cells that are like those in the original (primary) tumor....   [tags: Biology Cancer] 1345 words
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Pericytes and Vasculature - II. Pericytes and vasculature The role of normal vasculature is to provide tissues and organs with blood supply and nutrients. Pericytes are elongated fairly undifferentiated mural cells that line the arterioles and epithelium outside the basement membrane. Endothelial cells shape the lining of the vascular tube, while, mural cells associate with the exterior of the tube. Pericytes are involved in the regulation of blood flow and the transformation of new blood vessels. Typically, pericytes colocalize with capillaries and they play an important role in the process of vascular maturation and stabilization....   [tags: Medical Research]
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One of the Most Well-Known Cancers in Today's Society, Breast Cancer - ... This can cause cells to increase the number of mutations they have, which in turn can cause cancer. Healthy cells in the body are arranged in an orderly matter. These cells stay in place due to cell adhesion proteins which keep the cells in place. There are specific genes that signal cells to make protein adhesion cells. When these genes are damaged by mutations, the cell adhesion proteins are no longer able to perform their job. This causes the cells to be released from the basement membrane that they are held to....   [tags: bringing awareness through education]
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How Cancer Effects the Cells, the Body, and their Offspring - Have you ever wondered how cancer forms. Well, cancer starts when a cell's DNA becomes altered. When the DNA is altered, the cells reproduce without restriction and do not die like a normal cell. These extra cells form a mass of tissue that is a tumor. Cancer forms in the genes of our cells, and is able to be carried in the offspring of the person with cancer. The cells are the basic units of life. Cells contain DNA that make up genes. Genes are instructions for the cells to make certain proteins....   [tags: Cancer Essays]
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Rudolf Virchow: The Link Between Inflamation and Cancer - ... The group of Deventer had shown that C-C chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) promotes lung metastasis. CCR5 targeted mice (CCR5 -/-) and wild type mice were injected intravenously with melanoma cell line to induce metastatic tumors model in experimental animals. Pulmonary metastases were counted in WT and CCR5 -/- 14 or 28 days following injection. The results were compared with those from syngeneic bone marrow chimeric mice formed by transplant of WT bone marrow into CCR5 targeted mice, and marrow from CCR5 -/- into WT mice....   [tags: tumors, therapeutic strategies] 1440 words
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Notes Left Behind, by Desserich & Desserich - Notes left Behind “Over the past 15 days, I’ve learned a few rules about medicine…we’ve encountered doctors who freely admitted they were out of guesses but went out of their way to get to know Elena’s birthday, that she preferred swirl ice cream over all the others and that she would choose an Ariel sticker over a Jasmine sticker any day. And more often than not, it was the doctors with the good bedside manner who had the best results” (Desserich & Desserich, 2009, pp. 29-30). Elena Desserich was diagnosed with an inoperable brain cancer in 2006, when she was just five years old....   [tags: nursing, DIPG, brain, cancer, Desserich, care]
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The DNA Vaccine-Induced Response of T-Cells - ... The APCs not only use a direct presentation method here, but also allow the fusion of the antigen-containing endosome to the ER-derived vesicles, which “allows access of exogenous antigen to the MHC class I loading compartment” (Rice et al. 2008), thus causing cross-presentation of the antigen. This antigen presentation is essential in order to stimulate a T-response. While targeting cancer tumors, the DNA-vaccine is made to code for either full-sequences or fragments of tumor antigens and delivered directly to the tumor....   [tags: cancer, plasmid, apc] 1205 words
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The Truth About Pancreatic Cancer - ... Clipp, M. Cotterchio, M. de Andrade, E. J. Duell, J. W. Fox, Jr., S. Gallinger, J. M. Gaziano, E. L. Giovannucci, M. Goggins, C. A. Gonzalez, G. Hallmans, S. E. Hankinson, M. Hassan, E. A. Holly, D. J. Hunter, A. Hutchinson, R. Jackson, K. B. Jacobs, M. Jenab, R. Kaaks, A. P. Klein, C. Kooperberg, R. C. Kurtz, D. Li, S. M. Lynch, M. Mandelson, R. R. McWilliams, J. B. Mendelsohn, D. S. Michaud, S. H. Olson, K. Overvad, A. V. Patel, P. H. Peeters, A. Rajkovic, E. Riboli, H. A. Risch, X. O. Shu, G....   [tags: lethal diseases, European statistics]
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Angiogenic Therapy - ddd FIX CITATIONS!!. FIX QUOTES!!!!. On November 18th, 1971, Judah Folkman, a little known New England surgeon, published a scientific paper documenting the dependency of tumors on the growth of new blood vessels from the body, as well as the therapeutic implications resulting from his new discovery. Dr. Folkman proposed that the tumor recruited these blood vessels to support itself. The process by which tumors elicit these blood vessels from the body is known as “angiogenesis”. The publication of Dr....   [tags: Medical Science]
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Cancerous Bone Tumors - Introduction: Cancer is defined as the uncontrollable growth of abnormal cells in the body. The Mayo Clinic in Minnesota defines bone cancer as an “uncommon cancer that begins in a bone. Bone cancer can begin in any bone in the body, but it most commonly affects the long bones that make up the arms and legs.” Bone tumors can be either classified as benign or malignant. Benign tumors “exhibit slow growth, are non-metastasis and non-invasive, highly differentiated, and show a low amount of mitosis....   [tags: uncontrollable growth of abnormal cells] 2513 words
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Increase in Cancer Incidence - Cancer in recent times became an epidemic. In the recently published report from the international agency for research on cancer (IARC), the specialized cancer agency for research on cancer of the world health organization (WHO), the global burden of cancer has been expected to almost double in the next decade. This trend is not only limited to the cancer incidence but is expected to be replicate in the cancer death or even more [1]. As per the 2012 WHO report, the most common cause as per the incidence globally is lung(1.8 million,13 %), breast (1.7 million,11.9%) and large bowel (1.4 million,9.7%)....   [tags: anesthetics, tumors, immunity] 1426 words
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Traditional Methods vs. Alternative Methods to Treating Cancer - Traditional Methods vs. Alternative Methods to Treating Cancer Cancer can be treated through several standard methods which include surgery among other methods such as chemotherapy. Other options for treating this ailment could be clinical trials which are options for treating some patients. Other patients may choose the alternative cancer treatments, which are not approved by the FDA, and given in other places excluding United States. When a specialist discovers cancer in a patient, an oncologist often provides the treatment options....   [tags: Medical Research]
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The Use of Melittin As An Anti-cancer Drug - Over the centuries, the venom of animals has had its range of uses, from cosmetics to the treatment of various illnesses. Quite some years ago, there was a mortality study conducted on beekeepers, which showed that there was a slightly lower mortality incidence of cancer in beekeepers than in normal people [1]. This sparked and interest into the venom of honeybees (Apis meliffera) [2] and its effects on cancerous cells. Bee venom is used to treat a variety of conditions. One condition that seems to be most popular in all the research is cancer....   [tags: bee venom, cancer, melittin]
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