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The Strong Character of Penelope in Homer's Odyssey - The Strong Character of Penelope in Homer's Odyssey   Homer's Odyssey is a story of the homecoming of Odysseus after the Trojan War.  Odysseus left his wife, Penelope, and their young son, Telemachos, almost twenty years before the telling of this story to fight in the Trojan War.  His absence places Penelope in a rather precarious position.  Faced with many different circumstances, both good and bad, Penelope is on her own to decide the path she wishes to take.  Depending on her decisions, the situations could either be filled with wonderful opportunities or perilous dangers....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays]
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Timeline of wars/Reasons for Wars - Timeline of wars/Reasons for Wars Trojan War c. 1200 BC lasted for approx. 9 years Greeks vs. people of Troy Trojan prince Paris abducted Helen, wife of Menelaus of Sparta. The Spartans refused to return Helen to Sparta so Menelaus persuaded his brother Agamemnon to lead an army against Troy. They fought for nine years but never were able to defeat he main city. The Greeks then built a large wooden horse in which warriors were hidden inside. The Greeks appeared to leave and the horse was left at the front gates of the city....   [tags: History Essays] 2075 words
(5.9 pages)
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Revenge and Violence in Cassandra - Revenge and Violence in Cassandra        In "Mycenae Lookout," Seamus Heaney tells the story of Agamemnon, Clytemnestra and Cassandra after the Trojan war. "Cassandra" is the second part of "Mycenae Lookout" and chronicles Cassandra, Apollo's ill-fated prophetess, who is captured by Agamemnon at the war's end and brought back to Mycenae as a slave. The fates of Cassandra and the House of Atreus collide with Agamemnon's return to Mycenae, where his wife Clytemnestra and her lover Aegisthus plot his murder.  Aegisthus and Clytemnestra both seek revenge: Clytemnestra for her daughter's sacrifice and Aegisthus for the overthrow of his father and the sins of Agamemnon's father Atreus, of which Aegisthus was the only survivor....   [tags: Cassandra Essays]
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The Adventures of Odysseus - THE ADVENTURES OF ODYSSEUS CHAPTER 1 THE TROJAN WAR Odysseus was the king of Ithaca, a Greek island. He had a wife, Penelope, and a son, Telemachus. Someone came to ask Odysseus to fight in the Trojan War. Odysseus did not want to leave his new wife and baby son. He pretended to be crazy so he would not have to go. But the person tricked him into showing that he was not really crazy, so he had to go to the war in Troy. He thought he would be back soon, but he was gone 20 years. Odysseus was a brave and brilliant soldier....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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833 words
(2.4 pages)
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The Iliad of Homer - The Iliad of Homer Honor is something men and women have fought for century after century. Even now, thousands of American and British men are fighting in Iraq, near to where the Trojan War was to have taken place. These men fight for the greater good. They fight for those in Iraq who are unable to fight for or otherwise defend themselves. They fight for honor. The characters in the Iliad are motivated by their own form of honor, or arete, known similarly as the Homeric Code. And it is because of this code that the Trojan War began....   [tags: essays research papers] 1004 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Implied Metaphysics of "bitterness" in Homer's Iliad - Homer's Iliad is replete with "bitterness," a term employed for its absolutist depictions of the ferocity and prolonged spite of ancient Greek warriors. The weight of this term is made apparent in the opening passage: "What god was it then set [Achilleus and Agamemnon] in bitter collision?" (I. 8). The seeds of bitterness have been planted and this story--an epical account of the Greeks pillaging the land of Troy in the final year of the Trojan War--is narrated not to recreate history, but to furnish a backdrop of wartime valor that brings to fore the struggles of pride entertained by Achilleus vis-à-vis Agamemnon....   [tags: World Literature] 892 words
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The Iliad by Homer - The Iliad by Homer The Iliad, by Homer, tells a part of the tale of the conquest of Troy by the Greeks. In the Greek army there are many prominent figures. These important Greeks have distinct personalities. This paper hopes to demonstrate that certain famous Greeks each get some form of comeuppance based on their respective bad character traits and actions. In essence, this paper will show that justice is served against the Greeks for their actions. It seems appropriate to start with the head of the Greek army, Agamemnon....   [tags: Papers] 1197 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Tears of Troy - The Tears of Troy Countless defining moments of Greece’s chiliad could be dated back to the hostile rivalry between the two superior cities at that time, Troy and Greece. Ranging from the legendary Trojan War to the battle of imperial dominance, the abhorrent ambience between Troy and Greece have created many of the most storied myths and novels of all time. However, there is one myth that is not as recognized as the others, but has shaped the rivalry to a greater depth and is the origin behind dew, the myth of the Tears of Troy....   [tags: Greek History] 638 words
(1.8 pages)
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Mycenae - Mycenae Problems with format ?Mycenae in southern Greece is one of the oldest cities in the world, the center of rich myth, culture, and history.. For centuries, legends abounded about the wealth, fame, and power of this city, particularly concerning its involvement in the Trojan War.. Yet, just 200 years ago, people wondered whether the ancient city of Mycenae even existed.. However, archaeological work in the past two centuries has confirmed the existence and greatness of this ancient civilization.....   [tags: Greece History Essays]
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The significance of female characters in the progressof Homer’s novel - The significance of female characters in the progressof Homer’s novel The Odyssey Women are very important figures in Homer's The Odyssey. Athena and Penelope are the two primary examples. They help Odysseus in his travels in many ways through the story. They keep the reader interested so that they keep reading to find out what will happen next. Throughout the novel, they appear in many different forms. In this epic, several female characters had a profound effect on the plot. They wielded their influence through typically feminine skills and attributes: seduction, supernatural powers, intelligence, and beauty....   [tags: Classics] 1285 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Odyssey and the Iliad - The Odyssey and the Iliad In our day and age, people strive for independence and a sense of authority. However, at many times this is more easily said than done. Whether it be God, or in the eyes of the Achaeans and Trojans, the immortals, lives and actions are commonly defined by a higher being. Which leads to Homer&#8217;s epic poems the Odyssey and the Iliad which deal with constant conflict in a world where the mortals are not even masters of their own destiny. The main character Odysseus, and the two armies, the Achaeans and the Trojans have little control over their own fate....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Sundiata - Epics Sundiata was written in Africa. Gilgamesh was the oldest one written. Other works include the Iliad and the Odyssey, which were written by the blind prophet Homer. What do all these works of literature have in common with each other. The similarity that all these works of literature have is that they are all epics. What does this mean. What is an epic. The definition of an epic is that an epic is a long, narrative poem with a hero that goes on a quest. What is the hero. Well, the characteristics of a hero is that they all go on a quest, which is a long, arduous journey, he usually descends to the underworld, and many other traits are possessed that determine if a hero is an epic hero....   [tags: essays research papers] 961 words
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Thor and the Odyssey - ... In the movie Mjolnir makes devastating blows and at first seems to be the source of his power. Odysseus was more of a thinker but remains a great warrior. The Odyssey is Odysseus personal sequel to the Iliad. In the narrative he is returning from the Trojan War as the most important warrior in the whole war. In the Odyssey he defeats the Cyclops by blinding him and sneaking out of captivity, he withstands the cannibals, he even turn Circe into his lover, who was once an enemy that turned half of his men into pigs....   [tags: Character Analysis]
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1201 words
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A Comparison of Aneas of Aeneid and Turnus of Iliad - A Comparison of Aneas of Aeneid and Turnus of Iliad         The subtlety in the differences between Aneas and Turnus, reflect the subtlety in the differences between the Aeneid and the Iliad.  Although both characters are devout and noble,  Aneas does not possess the ardent passion of Turnus.  Unlike Turnus, Aneas is able to place his beliefs in the fated establishment of Latium before his personal interests. Although Turnus is not a bad person, the gods favor Aneas in their schemes.  The roles of Aneas and Turnus are reversed as the Aeneid progresses.  The erasure of Aneas' free will accounts for his triumph and success....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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1178 words
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Beauty and the Divine in Edgar Allen Poe's To Helen - Beauty and the Divine in Edgar Allen Poe's To Helen To Helen presents beauty as necessary for apprehending the divine. Poe celebrates beauty, specifically the beauty of a women, as represented by two women known for beauty in Greek legend (Helen of Troy and Psyche). Helen's beauty escorts him to Hellenistic culture and values, which brings him to Psyche, who illuminates the divine. To Helen by Edgar Allan Poe Helen, thy beauty is to me Like those Nicean barks of yore, That gently, o'er a perfumed sea, The weary, way-worn wanderer bore To his own native shore On desperate seas long wont to roam, Thy hyacinth hair, thy classic face, The Naiad airs have brought me home To the glory that was Greece, And the grandeur that was Rome....   [tags: Edgar Allen Poe Helen poetry essays]
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1361 words
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Homers Iliad - General Plot Summary of Homer\'s Iliad The Iliad is a lengthy poem of some 15,693 lines, divided into 24 books (cantos) and has as its theme the anger (menis) of the Greek hero Achilles, the greatest of the heroes to sail to Troy. In the tenth year of the war, Achilles quarrels with the leader of the expedition, Agamemnon, over a slight to Achilles\' honor. In his anger, Achilles withdraws from the fighting and wins the aid of Zeus, the king of the gods, to see to it that the war turns against the Greeks....   [tags: essays research papers] 733 words
(2.1 pages)
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Concluding Homer's Iliad - The last three books of The Iliad provide three different endings, but together they work to present a more encompassing conclusion than any one of these books provides alone. Book XXII and XXIV discuss the events of Hector's death and burial emphasized by Achilles actions, while Book XXIII provides a transition between the two. Together, these books emphasize the dilution of Achilles rage as is contrasted by the fall of Hector and the subsequent fall of Troy. Book XXII of The Iliad is a crucial book to the final ending of the epic, as it signifies the fall of Hector and the eventual fall of Troy....   [tags: World Literature] 660 words
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The Greek Concept of the Epic Hero - The Greek Concept of the Epic Hero *Missing Works Cited* In classical Greek literature, the epic hero is usually defined in terms of the contrasting characters of Achilles and Odysseus, the most important figures in Homer's great epic poems The Iliad and The Odyssey. Achilles, the greatest warrior of the Greeks in the Trojan war, is actually a demi-god rather than a human hero, having been dipped in charmed waters by his mother and given the gift of invulnerability. Odysseus, on the other hand, is a fully human character, and his heroism consists more in his cleverness, boldness and cunning than his martial ability....   [tags: Papers] 1119 words
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Iliad Paragraphs - ... Tone for “The Women of Troy” – “High King’s Embassy”: The tone of this particular section would be grim due to the spark of raging battle once more. For example, Prince Hector felt he must search out his loving wife to tell her “I have come to say good-bye” (pg. 37) because the killing mass slaughter of men drew near. This shows the grim spirit because Hector was the Trojan war-leader and a great fighter yet he truthfully admitted to his wife that he may soon join those who had already been slain....   [tags: Classics, Greek, Homer] 1561 words
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herody Essay on Homer's Odyssey: A Hero Defined - A Hero Defined in Homer's Odyssey What makes a hero. To be known as a hero takes a lot, but what is a true hero. Well, it depends on whom you ask. To some, a hero might just be a person who is courageous and brave, to others a hero might be a person that is a strong warrior and leader who wins battles; however, to some to others, a hero might be a person who uses his brain just as much as a warrior uses his sword. Odysseus, in Homer's epic, "The Odyssey", embodies the ideal human qualities that Homer's Greek society mostly admired....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 573 words
(1.6 pages)
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Reunification in Homer's Odyssey - Reunification in Homer's Odyssey In Homer's epic poem, the Odyssey, the main theme is the reunification of the family, as Odysseus struggles to return home and rejoin his wife and son. Throughout the Odyssey, we are shown examples of families: good ones that prosper and bad ones that do not. As Telemakhos struggles to become a man and Odysseus struggles homeward, the concept of healthy family life is stressed. At the end, when all conflicts are resolved and Odysseus is reunited with wife and son, the lesson that a united family can overcome any obstacles is shown and is one that today's families should heed....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 648 words
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Ancient Greece - I found chapter two particularly interesting because it deals with the ancient Greek culture and life. It is so different than the American way of living, yet there are some similarities that are strikingly close. I feel this is especially relevant in their religion. They had oracles, who were these people who delivered messages from the Gods. I think that is kind of like a priest or minister of some sort, but in the Greek world the oracles were the say all . be all. Apollo was one of the most well known and respected Oracles....   [tags: Greek History] 366 words
(1 pages)
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Buy Essay Online: Dishonest Odysseus of Homer's Odyssey - The Dishonest Odysseus of Odyssey    Once he returns to Ithaca, Odysseus displays dishonest behavior and does not once tell a person who he actually is when first meeting him. Odysseus hides his identity at first, whether by actively lying or passively not correcting their erroneous beliefs.  He tells Pallas Athena, first, that he is from Crete, had killed a man there, and had gotten a ride with some Phoenicians to Ithaca. He tells Eumaios that he grew up in Crete, went to Troy for the Trojan War, returned to Crete afterward and traveled to raid Egypt, where he was captured by Egyptians....   [tags: Odyssey essays]
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Analysis of Epic Poems - Analysis of Epic Poems An epic poem is a long poem that tells a story about heroes. The Iliad is a great epic poem written by Homer in the 8th century BC, reflecting on events that occurred around 1200 BC during the time of the Olympian religion. “There were twelve chief gods who supposedly lived in Mount Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece. The twelve Olympian gods were common to all Greeks, who thus shared basic polytheistic religion (Spielvogel 84).” The first of the two excerpts I will discuss from the Iliad, is during the time of the Greek and Trojan War....   [tags: Epic Poetry Iliad Greece Greek Literature Essays]
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Homer's Iliad - The Iliad is a poem divided into twenty-four books, about Troy, written in the late eighth or early seventh century B. C. by Homer. The saga is about the tenth year of a war between the Greeks and the Trojans, around 1200 B. C. , and takes place before the city of Troy. While the Greeks are stood by the walls of Troy, the King, Agamemnon, does not want to return his captive Chryseis to the priest of Apollo, her father. As the Greeks persevere in their demand, Agamemnon finally agrees, but takes Briseis from Achilleus in her place....   [tags: essays research papers] 1787 words
(5.1 pages)
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The Odyssey - Ten years after the fall of Troy, the victorious Greek hero Odysseus has still not returned to his native Ithaka. A band of rowdy suitors, believing Odysseus to be dead, has overrun his palace, courting his faithful‹though weakening‹wife, Penelope, and going through his stock of food. With permission from Zeus, the goddess Athena, Odysseus' greatest immortal ally, appears in disguise and urges Odysseus' son Telemakhos to seek news of his father at Pylos and Sparta. However, the suitors, led by Antinoos, plan to ambush him upon his return....   [tags: essays research papers] 1102 words
(3.1 pages)
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Troy, Truth in the Myth? - The ancient city of Troy, a legendary city in classical literature and Hollywood films alike, has been an attraction to visit for at least twenty-five centuries. Visitors such as Alexander the Great, who stopped at Troy in 334 BC while on route east to conquer Asia, came to Troy looking for the city immortalized in Homer's Iliad. Presently, archaeologists visit Hisarlik, a site in northwest Turkey, as it is believed to be the location of the ancient city. Alexander must have been puzzled when he had arrived in Ilion, the name of the city at the time of his visit....   [tags: Ancient History]
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Feminism and the Power Struggle of Women in Ancient Greece - Feminism and the power struggle of women in Ancient Greece Women are a very prominent part of the Greek society. Their role has influenced and shaped the Greek society to a very large extent. Women have been shown in many different lights in the Greek works of Odyssey and Iliad which we have covered in our class. The works that I will be citing in this essay, namely Homer’s poems Odyssey and Iliad talk about many prominent women such as Helen of Troy, Penelope and also many other Goddesses. Homer’s poems talk about the various traits of Greek women and portray their characteristics by describing their traits and the events they were involved in....   [tags: Greek Literature] 1352 words
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Can’t Change Fate - ... Odysseus’ intelligence and strength of mind has the potential to live a full natural life; destined to die in peace. Not only did Odysseus a survivor of adventures and obstacles, he is considered a true hero. The first thing that makes Odysseus a hero is that he is favored by the gods. He was faced many dangerous and life threatening obstacles which no man has done before in his time. This displays that this voyage was what he was destined to do in life and that the gods were on his side, protecting his every move....   [tags: Character Analysis]
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The Odyssey: A Journey toward Innovation - ... I have never seen a wife portrayed in such a complementary light; instead, most wives in these tales are more like Agamemnon’s wife. Agamemnon’s wife, Clytemnestra, is unfaithful to her husband and even goes so far as to murder him with the aid of her lover. Penelope is not the only woman portrayed in such a positive light, the goddess Athena proves to be Odysseus’ savior at almost every turn in his journey. Athena appeals to her father, Zeus, on Odysseus’ behalf, “Athena began, recalling Odysseus to their thoughts, the goddess deeply moved by the man’s long ordeal, held captive still in the nymph Calypso’s house…” (5....   [tags: Literary Analysis ] 1869 words
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Contrasting Perspectives on Horse’s Representation in Various Media Venues - ... This method fails with sprit. Spirit is captured by a brave and escapes on his back. He also tricks him to a coral with his beloved mare, but shows respect and wins some trust. As the railroad arrives, the Indian village is wrecked and Spirit gets captured for use as a draft-horse. When the stallion realizes this project threatens his whole world, he escapes and unleashes the fury of a force of nature, ultimately teaming up with Little Creek. The character has human emotion and aspects of executive function with regard to reasonable views....   [tags: Horses]
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The Inferno by Dante Alighiere - The Inferno by Dante Alighiere Translated by John Ciardi „« Summary of plot, organization and resolution o The Inferno is the first of a three part series by Dante known as the Divine Comedy. In this Divine Comedy Dante chronicles his journey to God through the levels of Hell, Purgatory, and Paradise. The Inferno is his description of his journey through the levels of Hell. The Inferno begins with Dante lost in a dark wood, which possibly represented sin. Dante tried to exit the wood, but three impassible beasts blocked his path....   [tags: essays research papers] 681 words
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Mythological Heroes: Achilles And Hercules - Mythological Heroes: Achilles and Hercules The subject of mythology deals mainly with the notion of battle, or good versus evil. In this struggle many individuals are singled out for either the evil they cause, or from the good they bring to people. When you mention heroes in mythology, there are two distinct names that a majority of people bring up, those names are Achilles and Hercules. Achilles was born to King Peleus and the sea-nymph Thetis. Soon after Achilles was born his mother dipped him in the River Styx, she was told, by doing this, that the water would make every part of his body that it touched invincible....   [tags: essays research papers] 1387 words
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Fate in "The Aeneid" - It is consistently difficult to understand in old world literature, from Homeric epics to Virgil's work, The Aeneid, what the relation of fate is to the Pantheon of gods. There seems to be an ongoing debate within the texts discussing whether "fate" is the supreme ruling force in the universe and the controlling element of the lives of men, or whether fate is the will of the king of gods, Jupiter. In, The Aeneid, several situations and instances of the use of fate are presented to the reader. The direction and destination of Aeneas's course are preordained, and his various sufferings and glories in battle and at sea over the course of the epic merely postpone his unchangeable destiny....   [tags: World Literature] 984 words
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The Quest: An Archetype in Various Cultural Myths - The Quest Archetype When examining various cultural myths, one archetype keeps repeating—the image of the quest. This archetype functions with various different mythologies as a method of learning about the world, both its external features and what is inside the self. The quest comes from ancient origins and is found in Classical Western culture, but has been fine tuned through the generations. In its most modern interpretations, there are continuing elements of the age old myth, where extenuating circumstances or hubris, place the hero in turmoil and needing to find an answer....   [tags: world history] 2248 words
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Portrayal of Women in Homer's Odyssey - The Portrayal of Women in Homer's Odyssey In the first section of Odyssey, mortal women are presented to us as controlled by the stereotypes and expectations of the culture of the day, and it is only within that context that we can consider the examples Homer provides of women to be admired or despised. He provides us with clear contrasts, between Penelope and Eurycleia on the one hand, and Helen and Clytemnaestra on the other. In Penelope’s case, it is made clear that her freedom of action is strictly controlled....   [tags: Homer Odyssey womody] 704 words
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The Iliad: Understanding Achilles - In Homer's The Iliad, we find the greatest, bravest, and most revered warrior of ancient times. Achilles was the son of Peleus, king of the Myrmidones in Phtia, and Thetis, a sea-nymph. As the legend goes, Achilles got his strength and battle skills when his mother dipped him in the river Styx. Achilles was thereby made invincible. However, Thetis forgot to wet the heel by which she held him and because of this grievous error, Thetis destined her son to defeat. It was prophesied that he would be defeated in battle by being pierced in his only vulnerable spot: Achilles' heel (thus the expression)....   [tags: World Literature] 788 words
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The Important Role of Woman in the Iliad - Homer's Iliad is the product of a society in which men played the dominant role. Throughout history, women have been viewed as playing small roles in society. The role of women in the Iliad is very small and overshadowed by the main story of Achilles and the Trojan War. The shadow that is cast over the women in the Iliad can often block readers from seeing the important role that they play in this classic Epic Poem. Most readers view the women of the Iliad as simply war prizes but without them there would be no story....   [tags: Greek Literature] 731 words
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Honor in the Iliad and Antigone - The notion of honor is prevalent throughout the Iliad and Antigone. Both texts demonstrate that honor is essential to Greek heroes because honor is the foundation of the society and family. Homer and Sophocles clearly show that honor guides people’s actions and responses and decides the fate of themselves and others. Both authors also place emphasis on the importance of proper burial because it is a strong indication of honor to the deceased and the deceased’s family. As can be seen in the Iliad and Antigone, the aim of every Greek hero is to gain everlasting honor because it ensures his place in the social memory of his society resounding even after death....   [tags: Honor, Iliad, Antigone,] 991 words
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Hera and Aphrodite - ... Now Hera, who is married to Zeus is on the side of the Greeks during the war. She is shown to be the jealous wife in the story. She never submits to Zeus, as a matter of fact, she is not unopposed to tricking him to get what she desires. The whole war might have stopped with the duel between Paris and Menaleus, had it not been for her. But she wanted nothing more than to see the city of Troy burnt to the ground and wouldn’t stop until that task was completed. She blatantly defies Zeus in front of the other gods and entices them to side with her in arguments against her husband....   [tags: Greek Mythology ] 1931 words
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The Created and Existent Gods in Homer’s Iliad - ... In these cases, the Achaean warriors use Ruin as a scapegoat for their foolish decisions. Furthermore, as with Strife, there are times when Homer does not anthropomorphize Ruin: “I know, how Father Zeus/ sends waves of ruin breaking down our lines –/ victory goes to Troy” (Homer 17.773-775). The ruin referred to here is not the deity, but rather the ruin that arises when the warriors inflict harm on one another. Agamemnon blames Zeus because he used Ruin to cause destruction. Ruin just motivates people to commit wrongs by blinding them....   [tags: Greek, Classics, Olympian Gods] 2319 words
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Agamemnon - Agamemnon Agamemnon is the first play of Aeschylus’ trilogy, the Oresteia. Aeschylus was the first of Athens’ three great tragedians; the others: Sophocles; Euripides. The Oresteia was also the first Greek tragedy trilogy written. As Greeks of this epoch focused on humanist ideas, so did Aeschylus. He devoted his genius to serious contemplations of humanistic questions, such as the nature of justice. Other humanistic values are honor, truth, compassion, loyalty, devotion to family and gods. He credits much of his success to Homer’s epics....   [tags: Papers] 615 words
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Free Essays on Homer's Odyssey: Book 5 - Odyssey Book 5 The beginning of the Odyssey portrays the chaos in Ithaca and the uncertainty and turmoil of Odysseus family as they have longingly awaited his return. Book 5 finally introduces Odysseus and his captor Calypso. The beginning of the novel illustrates how Odysseus is torn between the charm and will of Calypso and the love and loyalty to the family he has left behind. Calypso is described as beautiful; her island as a virtual Eden and her home a magnificent palace that awes even the gods themselves....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 859 words
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Essay on The Importance of Nestor in Homer's Iliad - The Importance of Nestor in Homer's Iliad       The role of the character Nestor in Homer's Iliad is one often overlooked. Nestor is not only an Achaian counselor, respected and listened to due to his age, but he also “serves as a link between the peace of home the Achaians are leaving and the barbarism of war to which they are succumbing”(Richardson 24). Nestor incites action, instills values and motivates the characters to keep a balance between this peace and barbarism.   Nestor first appears in book one during an argument between Achilles and Agamemnon over Briseis, a war prize belonging to Achilles....   [tags: Iliad essays]
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The Dual Role of Gods in The Iliad - The Dual Role of Gods in The Iliad      With even a cursory exposure to ancient Greek texts, it is obvious that the gods and goddesses are very important in traditional Greek culture. As literary figures in mythos and specific poetry and drama, the gods dabble in the life of man, predict his fate, and routinely thwart any attempt for him to entirely forge his own future. But for those of us who are not extensively schooled in antiquities, it is hard to pinpoint exactly what the gods are to the ancient Greeks, and what they are to us as readers of literature who live outside the culture....   [tags: Iliad essays]
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Romance - Fear Of Death Gives An Aphrodisic Like Effect - There are many ideals related to romance, including such things as love, excitement, violence, fear and commonly war. This is presented in such texts such as the ‘Trojan war’ where men are fighting for the love of a woman. In Romeo and Juliet where Romeo is excited by fear of the Capulets, or in ‘My Sweet old Etcetera’ where the soldier is thinking of his lady rather than of the ensuing battle. Thus it is evident that romance is commonly related to violence, danger, and fear of death (particularly in the young) often giving the effect of a potent aphrodisiac....   [tags: essays research papers] 1078 words
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The Significance of Animal Symbolism and its Effect on Gender Role - The Significance of Animal Symbolism and its Effect on Gender Role Throughout many ancient Greek texts, there are aspects of nature playing important roles in the main plot. Sometimes they assist the thesis through a metaphor or simile which better visualizes the author's true meaning. Lions have many different personality traits which make them extremely diverse creatures. This also promotes various applications to characters in literary works. In two works, the Oresteia by Aeschylus and Euripides' Bacchae, we see a continuing line of examples of lion imagery....   [tags: Papers] 1702 words
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The Iliad - The Iliad The Iliad is the first written document, of anything. Never before the Iliad was the tool of writing used to such an extent. The Iliad is a marvelous piece of work. Great in its fame and content, the Iliad was used as the first historical text, philosophical writing, and storybook. Historians use it for an account of an era. Philosophers use it as one of the basis of human thought. To children, it is a wonderful story of battles between man and their gods. It is a writing of many uses....   [tags: Homer] 1467 words
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Analysis of Aeschylus Agamemnon - Analysis of Aeschylus Agamemnon Characters- The Watchman Clytaemnestra The Herald Agamemnon Cassandra Aegisthus The Chorus 1). The Watchman: • The watchman sets the time and place for the play (Agamemnon’s palace in Argos, the house of Atreus); he describes the many miserable nights he has spent on the rooftop of the palace watching for the signal fires that will herald the fall of Troy. • The watchman is one Aeschylus’s small characters, but like the herald he serves an important role as he not only sets the scene but also perhaps portrays the mood of Argos awaiting their king and soldiers return....   [tags: Greek Dramatist Plays Literature Essays] 4506 words
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Achilles the Hero - Achilles the Hero I have chosen Achilles to write my paper on because his character is the central story line in the Iliad. Although it may seem that the main theme is about the totality and gruesomeness of when the poem is first read, this is not the main focus. The actual fighting and Trojan War could be compared to “Saving Private Ryan.” We get raw details of the war without missing any of the descriptive details. Achilles is the character I was most interested in because he was an extraordinary fighter, man, and hero....   [tags: Papers] 541 words
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Achilles - Achilles Achilles was the half god, half mortal who was the hero of the Trojan War. His mother was the Nereid Thetis, who is known for her many interventions in the affairs of both gods and mortals. His Father was Peleus, a mortal, but it took a while for his mother and father to get together. Nereid had many offers from the gods Zeus and Poseidon, who were brothers, but she refused both of them. Some say she refused Zeus because Hera had raised Thetis when she was a child, but this angered Zeus and to punish Thetis he commanded that she would not marry a god but a mortal....   [tags: Papers] 851 words
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The Greeks' Tragic World View - The Greeks' Tragic World View The Greeks had a tragic world view. I believe that a tragic world view is a view of the world in which there is little hope for any progress; everything grows, matures, and dies. The values taught by such a tragic world are bravery, fate, humanism, and reasoning. There are many examples of the teaching of these values in the Grecian literary works. Examples of such works are: the epic poetry of Homer, The Odyssey and the Iliad; works of Sophocles, Oedipus Rex and Antigone; works of Euripides, Media and The Trojan Women; and Plato's retelling of the trial of Socrates, The Apology....   [tags: Papers] 859 words
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Free College Essays - Sir Gawain and the Green Knight - Sir Gawain and the Green Knight The poet begins his work by reminding us that the history of Britain is both ancient and glorious; Aeneas, whose deeds in the Trojan War are legendary, whose exploits in war are recorded in Virgil's Aeneid, and who is legendary for having founded the city of Rome after the Trojan War, was the ancestor of a man named Felix Brutus who founded Britain ("Britain" comes from "Brutus"). The most noble of the kings that followed Brutus was Arthur; the poet says that he intends to tell one of the wondrous tales of Arthur....   [tags: Sir Gawain Green Knight Essays] 791 words
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The Trials of Odysseus of Homer's Odyssey - The Trials of Odysseus  Homer's epic poem The Odyssey was written after his Iliad which told the tales of the Trojan War. This Odyssey told of the wanderings of a prominent warrior and ruler, Odysseus. Odysseus fought in the Trojan War and, after the Greeks claimed their victory at Troy, began his prolonged journey home. During his travels Odysseus faced many obstacles which he had to overcome. Through his wanderings, Odysseus had to prove his valor, intellect, and determination. Incorporated into The Odyssey are many current-day characteristics of man including a constant dependence on others, the presence of a greater vision, or lack there of, and the essence of a sensitive side behind courage and pride....   [tags: Odyssey essays]
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herody Little Heroism in Homer's Odyssey - Little Heroism in Homer's Odyssey      "Could I forget that kingly man, Odysseus?  There is no mortal half so wise; no mortal gave so much to the lords of the open sky." proclaims Zeus, the king of all gods in Homer's The Odyssey.  He, among countless others, harbors high regards for Odysseus, the mastermind of the Trojan War turned lost sailor.  However, the epic poem is sprinkled with the actions of gods and goddesses pushing Odysseus towards his path home to Ithaka, giving the mortal war hero little exposure to the limelight.  So when does all the high and mighty talk of Odysseus' power prove true?  Only in the absence of godly intervention can the title character live up to his name.  In Homer's The Odyssey, excessive reliance on the gods' assistance weakens the overall effect of Odysseus as the hero; while, as a break from the norm, Odysseus' single-handed defeat of the Kyklops Polyphêmos adds true suspense to the story as well as merit to Odysseus' character....   [tags: Odyssey essays]
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The Importance of a Sound Mind and Body in Homer's Odyssey - The Importance of a Sound Mind and Body in Homer's Odyssey       If one were to only have a very fit and strong body, lacking mental ability, to the Greeks it would not suffice. If a man were merely smart and intelligent, without much physical capability, the Greeks would feel that he is not complete. They believed an individual must have have both, a well developed mind and a fit body, not only one or the other, to be ideal. This is the Greek concept of a sound mind and body. In Homer's Odyssey, Odysseus and Telemachos, had to have and/or achieve a sound mind and body, to be the successful and outstanding characters of the epic....   [tags: Odyssey essays]
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Growing Up With Greek Literature - Growing Up With Greek Literature Say “Greek Tragedy” to an English major and you’re likely to elicit a groan, or even perhaps a screech of terror. For me however, Greek tragedy, as well as Greek mythology, has always fascinated me. When I was younger, the Greek God’s always captured my interest, and I could never get enough of them. As I grew older, I became interested in the more refined aspects that Greek literature had to offer. Sophocles and The Three Theban Plays in particular, left me awestruck....   [tags: Greece Mythology Essays] 1452 words
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The Aeneid by Virgil - The Aeneid by Virgil In Virgil’s famous text The Aeneid he writes about the history of the coming of Rome and the journey of its Trojan founder, Aeneas, from the wreckage of his old home at Troy. While this text is extremely supportive of the greatness of the Roman Empire, it also has a distinctly private second voice that talks about loss. We also find that in Confessions by Saint Augustine the author at times addresses God very personally, and at other times does not refer to him much at all....   [tags: Greek Gods Shipwreck Essays]
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Fate In Macbeth - Female Power in The Odyssey Throughout time women have had to fight hard for respect and the rights that come with it. Many societies have potrayed women as second class citizens, teaching that they should be subservient to men. There have been those who have spent entire lifetimes working to break beyond the traditional concepts of women and power. It is very challenging, however, for the sex to achieve higher status, when a society teaches not to speak out or against men&#8217;s wishes....   [tags: essays research papers] 1025 words
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The Iliad of Homer and Greek Heroes - The Iliad is an epic tale of war and hero’s within the Greek way of life. A predominant and consistent theme of honor and glory reside throughout the poem. The motivation for any Homeric Greek is glory, or “Kleos”, that is to be honored and respected among their people. Emphasis is put on living by the heroic code. Honor is essential to the Greeks and life would not be worth living without it. When a warrior or hero is advised to avoid risking their life in battle it almost drives them even further towards the deed....   [tags: essays research papers] 1484 words
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The Women in The Odyssey - When reading the epic poem The Odyssey by Homer, modern readers are confronted by a world quite different to their own. The society of the Homeric Greeks was a strong one, with well-defined roles for all members of it. The differences that existed between men and women are quite extreme when first observed at face value: the men went off to war to face the world; the women stayed at home to remain cloistered and protected. While Men and Women's lives take very different paths through the story, there is purpose for the role of each life, therefore making each life powerful....   [tags: World Literature] 976 words
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The Maturity of Telemachus - Prince Telemachus of Ithaca was living in a world of greed and disrespect during his father's twenty-year hiatus. His father, King Odysseus, had set off to fight along with fellow Greeks in the Trojan War. After the war, all the Greeks who did not perish during the battles had made it back to their homelands, with the exception of Odysseus. During this time suitors had taken over Odysseus' palace and were courting his wife. It was time for Telemachus to take action against the crude suitors and become a mature adult....   [tags: World Literature] 1042 words
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The Theme of Women in The Odyssey by Homer - The Theme of Women in The Odyssey by Homer In the Homer's epic poem the Odyssey, there are many themes that serve to make a comment about the meanings of the story. The theme of women in the poem serves to make these comments but also establishes a point of view on women in the reader. From this point of view, a perspective is developed into the "best" and "worst" in women. Achievement of this is through the characterization of many women with single notable evil qualities. Similar to the biblical story of Adam and Eve, Eve like the many women in the Odyssey brings about pain and suffering for mankind....   [tags: Papers] 1329 words
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The True Hero of Homer's The Iliad - The True Hero of Homer's The Iliad The Iliad is a story in which many men should be recognized as great war heroes. They all show a tremendous amount of courage to fight in such a barbaric battle. But this paper?s main focus is between two great leaders of opposing sides. Achilles, who represents the Achaians and Hector, who represents the Trojans. Though both show their bravery during many different instances in the poem, it?s quite obvious to the reader who the better of the two is....   [tags: Home Poetry Poem Iliad Essays] 880 words
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The Search For Self - A Critical Analysis Of The Odyssey - The afternoon was slowly fading into the evening and I had gone the whole day without the figure of my aspiration, my father. I impatiently paced the floor in front of the door like a stalking cat waiting to pounce on its prey. The thoughts of wrestling my father and hear those words of affirmation, “You got me. Mercy. I give up!” filled my head. My father was obviously faking it but there was something about his words that have such power over a young boys life. Mothers are sources of comfort and safety for a young boy but it is the father that defines the identity of a young boy, the father bestows manhood on the boy....   [tags: The Odyssey Homer] 1018 words
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Analysis of Telemachus in Odyssey - Analysis of Telemachus in Odyssey In the Odyssey, Telemachus, son of great hero Odysseus, who grows up in the world of greed and disrespect where the suitors take over his palace and court his mother, is one of the most significant character throughout the whole epic. His father, Odysseus, leaving the land Ithaca for 20 years, is the only warrior alive in Trojan war who hasn’t make his return home. During Telemachus’ expedition to search for the news of his father, he is under a process of maturation from the beginning in which he is mere a shadow of his father to the end in which he becomes more and more like him in terms of initiative, sensitivity and socialization....   [tags: Odyssey Telemachus] 1545 words
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The Concept of a Hero - Back in the days of the Odyssey and The Iliad, heroes were classified by their accomplishments. From Odysseus to Achilles, all of the men who were idolized as heroes were so idolized because of their world-altering deeds and conquests, unfathomable wealth, and achievements that would forever be remembered in history. But today, in a world pillaged by war, poverty, controversy, drugs, disease, and economic blunders, who truly deserves to be called a hero. No longer are there titans on the earth, bloodthirsty men with chain mail armor, lances and swords, leading enormous armies into battle....   [tags: Literary Characters] 1072 words
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Iliad - ... The second similarity is that each story begins with a short prologue. Prevalent in each poem is the presence of gods. In both The Iliad and The Odyssey, gods are a fixture within the stories and are shown congregating on Mount Olympus or in some way interacting with the mortals. The gods are also showing favoritism and hatred in each the poems. Favoritism by the gods is shown quite often in the Iliad. For example, in book two Zeus carries out Thetis’s wish to grant Achilles prayer to her. Zeus helps the Trojans in the battle by coming to Agamemnon in a dream during book two and tricking him into attacking the city of Troy’s walls in a full on attack (The Iliad, 1-15)....   [tags: Greek, Odyssey, Gods] 1250 words
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History of Heroes - ... Odysseus shares many of the same traits as Achilles, but while Achilles is hot-tempered, Odysseus is cool-headed. While a great warrior himself, Odysseus’s most obvious strengths are his intelligence and eloquence, other greatly prized virtues of the Ancient Greeks. Though not covered in The Iliad and only briefly mentioned in The Aeneid, Odysseus’ pride causes him to taunt the gods on his return home from the Trojan War. The gods punish him harshly: he is greatly delayed and loses many men on his voyage home....   [tags: Literature] 1137 words
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The Impact of Classical Literature on Machiavellianism - ... (The Iliad 6.137-27I) The heroes are also favored by some of the gods who interfere on their behalf, which has had profound effects on said these heroes and their combat strength. These virtues and their possessors indirectly led to the success in returning Achilles to the battle and turning the tide for the Achaeans. Courage and skill in oratory appear to have the most value to the Greeks. With courage, a warrior is able to charge forward and lead by example, inspiring those he commands to perform better in combat....   [tags: Greek Literature ] 1457 words
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Ethical Scenarios In The World of Intelligence - ... So first, we need to look at the level of risk this poses to determine if the use of potentially deadly force, which the “Trajan Horse” could cause, is justified. The scenario dose not state if we are at war with China or not in the scenario, so we will assume that we are not since the US is not currently at war with China nor is it imminent. With this established I do not find deadly force as a reasonable option. Deadly force should only be used in circumstances involving imminent danger to life, vital national resources or infrastructure....   [tags: Literary Analysis]
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Main Characters in Homer's The Iliad, Achilles and Hector - Two of the main characters in Homer&#8217;s The Iliad, Achilles and Hector, compare very differently in many ways. Although they were both war heroes, they came from different sides of the battle and fought each other under different beliefs. These two brave warriors fought to the death in Book 22, where Hector eventually lost to Achilles. Even though Hector lost the fight, the war still raged on, even less merciful than before. These two warriors were similar in a few ways, but mostly very different....   [tags: essays research papers] 604 words
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godody Free Essays on Homer's Odyssey: The Gods - The Gods of the Odyssey Do the Gods in the Odyssey represent the Good and Evil sides of everyone, are they actually there to either help the person, or make their life worse.             In the Odyssey, the Gods seem to have a very huge part in the play.  However, are the Gods actually real?  Or are they just their sub-conscious telling everyone what to do.  However if that’s true, then how could Odysseus’s and his “sub-conscious” spend 7 years on an island thinking that he was somewhere else....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 726 words
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Essay on Names in The Odyssey and The Bible - Importance of Names in The Odyssey and The Bible      Two of the most widely studied ancient works are Homer’s Odyssey and the book of Genesis from the Bible.  Each of these texts provides a unique viewpoint of an early civilization.  In both of the texts, one can learn not only stories about great heroes, but also about the way that these peoples lived and what they believed.  Many interesting parallels can be drawn between the two developing societies shown in the Odyssey and the book of Genesis.  One parallel is the importance placed on names by each culture....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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Use of Disguise in Homer’s Odyssey - Use of Disguise in Homer’s Odyssey     The difference between a wise and a foolish decision is often found in discerning when to conceal and when to reveal. This discretion in concealing and revealing is a major theme within The Odyssey. There is a proper time to deceive and a proper time to tell the truth; thus, it is crucial that one act accordingly. This importance is exemplified in Odysseus' life. When he is discreet in his timing, he achieves his goal. One example of this is the Trojan War....   [tags: Homer Odyssey disgody]
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Free Essays on Homer's Odyssey:Discussion of the Final Volume, Book XXIV - The Odyssey: A Discussion of the Final Volume, Book XXIV Homer’s epic, The Odyssey is the classic story of the homecoming of the warrior and king Odysseus. It is one of the most enduring pieces of literature known to man. The lessons and tales from the epic are unforgettable. However, there are several difficulties that the contemporary reader has with The Odyssey. These include issues such as difficult language, tangential stories, and the verse style it was written in. However, the focus of this paper is the final volume of the epic....   [tags: Odyssey essays] 1705 words
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Free Essays on Homer's Odyssey: Powerful Women of Homer’s Odyssey - The Powerful Women of Homer’s Odyssey There is really no way to generalize the women in Homer’s Odyssey because they all have their own distinct traits that make each of them great, strong, and powerful women. A very powerful woman is Arete. She is as powerful as the king, Alcinous. Her daughter Nausicaa is an amazing woman, even though she is so young. She displays great intelligence in handling Odysseus. These women I speak of above are great women in a good sort of way but there are also some very bad women that still have some amazing qualities....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 1806 words
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Femininity in Homer’s Iliad - Femininity in Homer’s Iliad In Homer’s Iliad, predominant feminine presence inspires the events of the poem and the destinies of the men involved. This feminine presence is not a product of the actions and decisions of the women in the poem, but rather a conceptual, creative feminine force without which the poem and even human life would not exist. Homer personifies this presence in nature and maintains it through the voice of the Muse, his inspiration. There is a deeper essence of a feminine presence in the poem, however, which lies in the characteristics of life itself....   [tags: Iliad essays]
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An Observation of Virgil's Aeneid, Book II - An Observation of Virgil's Aeneid, Book II The Romans, unlike the Greeks were not gifted in abstract thought. They constructed no original system of philosophy, invented no major literary forms, and made no scientific discoveries. Yet, they excelled in the art of government and empire building, they created a workable world-state and developed skills in administration, law, and practical affairs. In the Punic Wars, the Roman republic defeated the Carthaginians in North Africa and Rome inherited the Pergamene Kingdom from the last of the Attalids in 133 B.C....   [tags: Virgil Aeneid Essays]
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Cliches - It's So Clichéd "She sat down to write her paper without batting an eyelash." This sentence contains an example of what is called an idiom. Idioms are individual forms of expression specific to one language. They can be thought of as a group of two or more words that together mean something different from the literal meaning of the individual words. "Without batting an eyelash" means to be passive, or show no interest in an event or situation. This phrase first appeared in the early 1900's."Batting", used in this phrase, was intended to mean "blinking"....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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