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Transport Planning - 1 INTRODUCTION 1.0 Background “The need to plan for sustainable transport is evident” (Kassens, 2009, p7). The sentence above could hardly be disputed; planning for more sustainable transport is an obvious and urgent necessity. Nevertheless, it seems to be an incredibly challenging task to weigh the environmental, social and economic pillars of sustainability in a balanced proportion and therefore reduce the impacts caused by transport without compromising modern society’s lifestyle. Transport is a central part of people’s lives; from the daily commuting from home to work or school, trips enabling access to sports, shops, health care and various other services (Headicar, 2009), and plays a crucial role in stimulating economical interactions (Kassens, 2009) at the local, regional, national and international levels....   [tags: Transportation] 953 words
(2.7 pages)
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transport management - Transport management is now far more sophisticated than it was a decade ago. Transport activities generate a wide range of economic benefits. Between 2% and 4% of total OECD employment, for example, is derived from transport services, and an estimated 4-9% of GDP in the OECD area is attributable to spending by the users of transport (including expenditure on infrastructure). More than 10% of total household expenditure now goes to purchase transport services (OECD Publications/ECMT). The balance of international payments is also strongly influenced by trade in transport equipment....   [tags: essays research papers] 1212 words
(3.5 pages)
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Bus Transport - Bus Transport A) The nature of the competition in the bus transport market is very specific. The article suggests competition is used to keep out new entrants to the market thus maintaining market share for the larger firms, "active competition takes place between small operators or between a large and a small operator." Further evidence suggests the competition was not of substantial benefit to the consumer and only used to get one over on the firms rivals, "more services run on routes which where already reasonably well serviced." However some methods of competition showed reasonable benefits to consumers, "charged lower fares than the incumbent." Yet in the long run predatory pricing is not a good thing, as it will eventually push out competition, creating a monopoly where the price will soon go back up again....   [tags: Economics] 830 words
(2.4 pages)
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Transport in Mammals - Transport in Mammals A recurring theme in biological systems is the surface area to volume ratio. All cells require nutrients and most require oxygen as well. Wastes also need to be removed. With a small organism this demand can be met by simple diffusion over the body surface but larger or very active organisms need a transport system with a pump to ensure that the supply meets the demand of all cells, even those deep within the body. In mammals, the pump is the heart. Substances are carried in a transport medium of the blood....   [tags: Papers] 2426 words
(6.9 pages)
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The Transport Revolution - The Transport Revolution Until late in the 1700’s, in both Europe and America, most roads were either rough tracks created by hoof and wheel or mere paths blazed through the wilderness. People traveled by horseback or on foot between towns. During cold or wet seasons, traffic was especially difficult or impossible. One of the problem was that each parish had to mend its own roads. Most people in the parish had to work 4 or 6 days on the roads each year, or pay money instead....   [tags: Papers] 772 words
(2.2 pages)
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The Influence Factors on Mode Choice Preference Case Study: Paratransit in Jakarta, Indonesia - ... the way of driving). Another key factor that have been used as measurement point on user’s travel decisions is the role of land use (Zhang 2004). As significant component on transportation infrastructure, land use design and planning have been use to consign the spaces for each mode of transport routes. It is also point out that all of influencing factors that affect relative basis part will predispose the travel mode choice of users (Zhang 2004). Land use or spatial planning also has an effect on frequent of travel of users in daily activities (Kato and Furuhashi 2013)....   [tags: mobility, public transport, informal transport]
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1338 words
(3.8 pages)
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SEA Transport Planning - The previous chapter presented some transport data and illustrated how transport planning is organised in England, highlighting the major challenges identified in the literature. It continued by on outlining important inputs of SEA to more sustainable transport planning without neglecting some of the most common weaknesses or opportunities for improvement of the process. This literature review would not, however, be enough to attain the aim proposed and completely answer the objectives (see section 1.2), unless it would be supported by the analysis of a ‘real-case scenario’, where some of the inputs of SEA could potentially be applied, and by gathering opinions and experiences of professional working in the area, in order to better realize current experience....   [tags: Research Analysis ] 1302 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Airline Transport License Challenge - “This license is required to act as pilot-in-command of an airliner and reflects your skill and knowledge as a pilot. The Airline Transport Pilot (ATP) License is the pinnacle of the pilot license structure.” ("Airline Transport Pilot License."). This is basically the same as going to school for years in order to gain the doctorate. Both of my parents have flown planes in their lives. My father making a living out of flying and my mother haven taken the courses needed to get an Airline Transport License....   [tags: Aviation ]
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1285 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Development of Ground and Air Transport - A. The development of ground transport In old days, before the wheel invention (pre-3000 B.C) people normally were carried the sick and wounded on the shoulder between two men or backs of friends or animals(MacDonald & Miller, 1989). Forced transports were used for those with mental disorders in ancient time, however, one of the earliest uses of the wheel for patient transportation was constructed (circa 900 A.D.) by Anglo-Saxon, so they called it the Anglo-Saxon wagon hammock(Bell, 2009). This hammock was placed between two poles raised on a four wheeled platform(MacDonald & Miller, 1989)....   [tags: Transportation ]
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2751 words
(7.9 pages)
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ACCESSIBILITY AND ISOLATION IN TRANSPORT NETWORK EVALUATION - OVERVIEW Accessibility is generally understood to describe the ease with which a place may be reached from elsewhere. It is defined here as the ease with which person at a point may gain access, via the transport system (or whatever modes or sub-systems of it are nominated), to all other places in a defined area, taking into account their varying attractiveness and the perceived cost of getting to them. A location with high accessibility will tend for most purposes to be more attractive than one with low accessibility and hence to be more highly valued....   [tags: Urban Development] 2523 words
(7.2 pages)
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Changes In Transport 1750-1900 - Changes In Transport 1750-1900 [IMAGE] Road [IMAGE] Canals [IMAGE] Railways This term the class 9M have been studying the subject of transport between 1750 and 1900. Now we have to do a project on transport during that period, in particular looking at roads, canals and railways. In this project I will be finding out four main things: ---------------------------------------------------------------------- · What transport was like before 1750 . · Why did it need improving ....   [tags: Papers] 2059 words
(5.9 pages)
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Transport Across Plasma Membrane - Transport Across Plasma Membrane The plasma membrane covers all living cells, enabling the cells’ contents to be held together and controls movement of substances into and out of the cell. Plasma membranes are made of phospholipids, proteins and carbohydrates. The phospholipids are essentially made out of two fatty acid chains and a phosphate-glycerol group. They are arranged in a bilayer with the hydrophilic phosphate head facing outwards and the hydrophobic fatty acid chains facing inwards and to each other in the middle of the bilayer....   [tags: Papers] 901 words
(2.6 pages)
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Transport Facilities in Runcorn - Transport Facilities in Runcorn There are a selective variety of transport facilities in present day Runcorn. All around Runcorn, the streets are well-know to be busy. Many things help to accomadate this busy lifestyle of ours. Everywhere we go, there are bus stops dotted all over Runcorn; with these are specially built bus ways, these help to decrease the traffic amounts on the main roads. To control the traffic and maintain safety on the roads there are many traffic lights at junctions equipped with pelican crossings....   [tags: Free Essays] 392 words
(1.1 pages)
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Financing Transport Projects - <a href="http://www.geocities.com/vaksam/">Sam Vaknin's Psychology, Philosophy, Economics and Foreign Affairs Web Sites The role of government in facilitating transport projects is inevitable. But governments are monopolists and largely cannot be trusted with the efficient allocation of resources, not to mention the problem of corruption. So, the less the state is involved the better off everyone is. Transport has gone a full circle. Until the beginning of the 17th century it was largely privately financed....   [tags: essays research papers] 864 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Development of Transport and Growth of Hayes - The Development of Transport and Growth of Hayes In the middle of the 18th century Great Britain saw the biggest social upheaval. It was the begging of the industrial revolution. Hayes being a rural area quickly developed and so did the rest of Britain. An agricultural community developed to an industrial one in a short matter of time. Before the agricultural revolution, which meant fields were put to proper use. The fields were divided so crop rotation could be carried out....   [tags: Papers] 737 words
(2.1 pages)
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Exchange and Transport in Protozoa - Exchange and Transport in Protozoa The exchange of gases between the environment and cells occurs via the process of diffusion. Diffusion depends on: · The amount of surface area available for diffusion. The larger the surface area the greater the rate of diffusion. · The concentration gradient. An organism which respires very quickly will have a much lower concentration of oxygen in the cells and a higher than normal concentration of Carbon Dioxide. So the greater the concentration gradient across the respiratory surface the quicker the rate of diffusion....   [tags: Biology] 429 words
(1.2 pages)
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Serotonin Receptors and Transport - Serotonin Receptors and Transport Being that Fluoxetine (commercial name Prozac) basically functions as a selective reuptake inhibitor for the neurotransmitter serotonin, some discussion of this transmitter is needed before its reuptake inhibition can be addressed. Serotonin (5 hydroxytrytophan or 5HT, for short) is synthesized from the precursor amino acid tryptophan through the enzyme action of tryptophan hydroxylase (Abelson & Andrews,1997,p.794). This synthesis process occurs in the terminal boutons and the serotonin is contained in vesicles awaiting release when an action potential opens the calcium gates in the presynaptic terminal....   [tags: Prozac Medical Neurology Essays]
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1328 words
(3.8 pages)
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The Efficiency of Outroad Transport - The Efficiency of Outroad Transport Global warming is the warming up in the earth’s climate. The earth has warmed up about 1 degree over the last 100 years, scientists aren’t sure if the earth is just warming up on its own or weather its down to people helping the process along with the things we do. The main cause of global warming is the increasing use of fossil fuels. Since the industrial revolution people have needed more energy for work and in the home, this has come from the burning of fossil fuels more fossil fuels, particularly coal and oil....   [tags: Papers] 1480 words
(4.2 pages)
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Lynden Transport’s Inbound/Outbound Freight Solution - Introduction Today we are going to explain and possibly solve Lynden Transport’s problem of more inbound freight than out-bound. While our solution is not necessarily out-bound freight in the true sense, it is a way for the company to save money. This problem is not unique to Lynden Transport and with them possibly leading the way in the use of our solution, they can continue to be at the forefront of the transportation industry. Our solution is to use a collapsible twenty-foot equivalent unit to solve the problem of empty containers shipped back to the origination point....   [tags: Shipping]
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1215 words
(3.5 pages)
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Mass Transport Systems in the Human Body - Mass Transport Systems in the Human Body Living cells require regular supplies of oxygen and nutrients for metabolic reactions such as respiration. These important materials such as glucose need to get to living cells and the waste products such as ammonia and urea need to be removed. This diffusion of materials into cells and waste products out of cells (which may need to happen via active transport if it is against the concentration gradient) can easily happen in small, single cellular organisms as they have a large surface area : volume ratio and also have a short diffusion path to all cells so enough material can get to cells sufficiently quickly....   [tags: Papers] 765 words
(2.2 pages)
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The Transport of Substances Across the Plasma Membrane - The Transport of Substances Across the Plasma Membrane The plasma membrane or, the cell surface membrane, is made almost entirely of protein and lipid. The plasma membrane controls the movement of substances into and out of a cell. It is partially permeable so some substances cross more easily than others. The lipids found in the membrane are known as phospholipids. Phospholipids are fat derivatives in which one fatty acid has been replaced by a phosphate group and one of several nitrogen-containing molecules....   [tags: Papers] 840 words
(2.4 pages)
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Chemical Transport During Surface Irrigation - Chemical Transport During Surface Irrigation Surface irrigation, the most prominent method used for irrigating agricultural crops, is the flowing of water across the field surface. As the water flows, it infiltrates into the soil. The amount of water applied to the field is regulated by the length of time that the water is allowed to flow. Surface irrigation can be subdivided into following four types based the amount of water flow control; wild flooding, graded boarders, level boarders and furrow irrigation....   [tags: Agriculture Farming Papers]
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2032 words
(5.8 pages)
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U.K. Public Transport Living Up to Expectations - U.K. Public Transport Living Up to Expectations In this literature review I will be looking at the key areas that are based on whether UK public transport live up to expectations. I will be looking at journals, magazines, newspapers and books to help me come to the conclusion. The main topics that I will be focusing on are how disabled people cannot use public transport, accidents on the road and rail works. Contents page Introduction………………………………………………….…… pg 4 Literature Review………………………………………………… pg 5 Conclusion…………………………………………………….….....   [tags: Papers] 1660 words
(4.7 pages)
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Does UK Public transport live up to expectations? - Does UK Public transport live up to expectations. Introduction Public transportation has always been a key issue to the government by trying to promote public transport more than using a car. Today public transport is pushed more to help reduce factors of pollution and congestion which seem to be growing all over the UK. Transportation needs vary greatly depending on peoples commuting needs and therefore trying to focus on transport as a whole over the UK is very difficult to research. I have used over 20 documents to help me research this statement....   [tags: Business Management Studies] 1257 words
(3.6 pages)
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Investigating Whether Guildford Has A Sustainable Transport System - Investigating Whether Guildford Has A Sustainable Transport System To help me answer my enquiry questions, I am going to collect various types of primary and secondary data. To answer my enquiry question 'Does Guildford town centre suffer from traffic congestion throughout the day?' I will conduct a traffic count. I will do my traffic count at 3 different times during the day, & do it at 2 different locations. This should show me if there is traffic congestion throughout the day, no just at one time, and if it is just in one place in Guildford that gets congested, or other places as well....   [tags: Papers] 886 words
(2.5 pages)
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Cell Membrane/ Electron Transport Chain / Biochemical Pathway - 1. The cell membrane structure is vital to the life of the cell. The cell membrane is shaped as having a phosphate head at the very outer surface, and two fatty acid tails hanging from it. The membrane is double, so at the tip of the fatty acid tails, there are two more fatty acid tails attached to another phosphate head. This is what it looks like: The reason the cell membrane is shaped like this is mainly to control the water flow in and out of the cell. Water is very important to the cell: if too much water enters the cell, the cell will explode, and if too much water leaves the cell, the cell will shrivel up and die....   [tags: essays research papers] 674 words
(1.9 pages)
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How Does Globalisation Affect Freight Transport In Singapore - 1. INTRODUCTION There is little doubt that an effective transportation system is the backbone of a sound economic society (Bloomberg, Hanna and Murray, 1998). Comtois (2007) also recognizes that transportation plays a considerable role in the economy with its omnipresence throughout the production chain, at all geographic scales. Singapore Review (2007) stated that Singapore is heavily dependent on exports; therefore freight transportation holds an important role in stimulating the economy of Singapore and making it what it is today....   [tags: Business International] 1853 words
(5.3 pages)
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Modeling of Artificial Immune Systems for Railway Electric Transport Control - Abstract Objective of this paper is to examine the principles of biological and artificial immune systems and to design a generic scheme of the transport control system. The authors review the features of artificial immune systems and currently available railway and electric safety devices and evaluate them for use in the railway electric transport control system. Keywords Artificial immune systems, railway electric tran-sport, modeling. Introduction The global aim of the research is to provide a way for the electric railway transport to avoid dangerous situations....   [tags: Research Analysis ]
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2262 words
(6.5 pages)
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Cameron Balloons Avaliable Transport Methods for Merchandise - Cameron Balloons Avaliable Transport Methods for Merchandise Customers Cameron balloons does not need to be close to its customers because the balloons can be easily transported by methods of transport such as rail, plane and sea. This means that the whole world is an available market. Cameron balloons customers are the U.K and U.S because Cameron balloons customer base in is both the U.K and U.S. Cameron balloons offer e-mail addresses and phone numbers of their sales teams to its customers so they can contact the business whenever they need to....   [tags: Papers] 557 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Ulster Folk and Transport Museum, Cultra, Co. Down, Northern Ireland - The Ulster Folk and Transport Museum, Cultra, Co. Down, Northern Ireland Monuments and museums are arenas of public history and for the formation and articulation of identities and narratives.[1] Decisions taken as to the formation of museums and the selection, display and organisation of exhibits are influenced by criteria which are not necessarily politically neutral; these may especially involve devices of political elites to emphasise aspects of communal togetherness and thus exert control over communities.[2] Memory and commemoration of past events and generations is by its nature a political and contested act, especially in sharply divided societies.[3] It is no surprise that recently established governments and states should particularly concern themselves with the production of such forms of festivities, commemorations, and monuments.[4] As rulers of a sharply divided society, unionist elites in Northern Ireland in the aftermath of its eventful creation in 1920-1 had particular reasons to concern themselves, and did concern themselves, with such strategies of power.[5] The integration of the province's Catholic minority may have been, or may have been felt to be, beyond the rulers of Northern Ireland;[6] but this very fact heightened the importance of preserving the highest possible degree of political unity under unionist hegemony among the Protestant majority.[7] In this context, the opening of the Ulster Folk Museum, located in Cultra in County Down, Northern Ireland (and now linked to the Ulster Transport Museum), in 1964, might theoretically be seen as a strategy in the ongoing attempted maintenance of unionist hegemony and social control in Northern Ireland....   [tags: Observation Essays, Descriptive Essays]
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3546 words
(10.1 pages)
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A Look at Transportation in Three Cities - Report on Transport Issues in Developed and Developing States; Brussels in Belgium (Western Europe), San Diego in California (North America) and Kampala in Uganda (Africa) Introduction The entire transportation network in many cities enhances the exchange of services and goods and improves the interaction among societies. The efficiency and quality of a transport system has a very significant effect on social and economic welfare of any country or city. The management and development of an appropriate, affordable and reliable transport network in any city is essential for the development of the economy and service delivery to every part of the world....   [tags: Transportation]
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1612 words
(4.6 pages)
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5 Modes Of Transportation - 5 Modes of Transportation In order to have easy mobility of persons and goods, it is necessary to have a sophisticated and widespread transportation system. This system is made up of five primary areas of transportation, which are: - Motor vehicles - Railroad transportation - Air transportation - Water transportation - Pipelines Each of these five modes consists of different subsystems which make up the system. Each mode is used to transport persons or goods, but in many instances, one mode may be favored over the others....   [tags: essays research papers] 1431 words
(4.1 pages)
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A Comparative Review of the Vascular System in Seed Plants and Humans - A comparative review of the vascular system in seed plants and humans In the evolutionary tree of life, all biotic organisms are believed to have derived from a common ancestor. The organisms falling under the eukaryotic kingdom of Plantae are known to have arisen in the same time period as those in the eukaryotic kingdom of Animalia—the Paleozoic era, about 500 million years ago (MYA) (Raven et al., 2008). Despite their chronological resemblance, their evolutionary diversity is especially great in their most advanced organisms—humans and seed plants....   [tags: Biology]
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1723 words
(4.9 pages)
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Is Maritime Transportation Losing Out Its Competitive Advantage Over Other Modes Of Transportation Like Air And Road Transportation? - Abstract A sophisticated and widespread transportation mode is absolutely essential for the efficient mobility of passengers and goods. This report first investigates the various economical, cost and environmental factors specific to maritime transportation. This investigation includes a comparative analysis between maritime, land and air transport. Lastly, the growing demand in marine transportation and the multitude reasons that make shipping one of the most globalized industries in terms of freight transportation is examined....   [tags: Transportation Case Analysis] 1283 words
(3.7 pages)
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Suburbanization Produced by Technological Advances in Transportation - “The new technology of the motor car became central to the development of twentieth century cities in the US” (Roberts 2009 p53) and by 1914 the US production had exceeded that of the whole of Europe. What started out as a transportation toy for the very rich in 1900 became available to ordinary working class citizens by 1920 (Roberts 2009 p55). The technologies born of the Industrial Revolution changed forever the way people in the West lived and worked and economies strengthened as a new era dawned of mass production and consumerism....   [tags: Suburbanization, Technology, Transportation, ]
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2638 words
(7.5 pages)
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Bio-report - 1.) Cellular Transport a.Osmosis Osmosis is the diffusion of water molecules across a differentially permeable membrane from a region where water molecules are more concentrated to one where they are less concentrated. The transport of water is simple the cell being selectively permeable will allow water through it until an equilibrium is reached and at that time water will flow both in and out of the cell maintaining the equilibrium. For example a red blood cell is placed into a isotonic solution which means both the solution and the cell have the same concentration the net movement of water is zero, water however does move freely in and out of the cell to maintain the balance....   [tags: essays research papers] 537 words
(1.5 pages)
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Spectral Absorption Characteristics of FA in 360 – 740 NM Wavelength Bands - We observed spectral absorption characteristics of FA in 360 – 740 nm wavelength bands. Spectral characteristics of both samples (FA & UVFA) have smooth spectral curves and maximum gradient near the blue region of the spectra. Color of both samples was pale yellow before and after UV illumination. However, short time exposure to UV radiation may not decrease FA bioavailability (Fig.1). We assume that applied UV radiation is not much strong enough decompose FA/HA. The green algae C. vulgaris was grown under the five different culture conditions (1....   [tags: Physics] 1650 words
(4.7 pages)
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This Way for the Gas Ladies and Gentlemen - The sullen narrative This Way for the Gas Ladies and Gentlemen poignantly recounts the events of a typical day in a Nazi concentration camp during World War II. The author, Tadeusz Borowski, was Polish Holocaust survivor of Auschwitz, the series of death camps responsible for the deaths of the largest number of European Jews. Recounted from a first-person point of view, the novel unfolds at dawn as the unnamed narrator eats breakfast with a friend and fellow prisoner, Henri. Henri is a member of Canada, the labor group responsible for unloading the Jewish transports as they arrive into the camps....   [tags: Analysis, Tadeusz Borowski] 1234 words
(3.5 pages)
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Treatment for Low Albumin Function - ... There is 1 free sulfhydryl group that reacts with thiol compounds[4]. Cause of low albumin Drugs precautioned for hypoalbuminemia: Azacitidine, Collagenase, Denileukin Diftitox, Eltrombopag, Etoposide, VP-16, Interferon Alfacon-1, Ketoprofen, Ketorolac, Lansoprazole; Naproxen, L-Asparaginase Escherichia coli, Meclofenamate Sodium, Mefenamic Acid, Methotrexate, Mycophenolate, Peginterferon Alfa-2a, Teniposide, Valproic Acid, Divalproex Sodium Serum albumin level is an important prognostic indicator....   [tags: hypoalbuminemia, pharmacology, electrolyte]
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2836 words
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Security and the OSI Model - Abstract The Open Systems Interconnect (OSI) model is a standard reference model for the communication between two end users. Seven different layers make up the OSI model: physical, data link, network, transport, session, presentation, and application. This paper will cover the type of security that is associated with each level of the OSI model. Physical Layer The physical layer is where the actual communication occurs between devices. The security of the physical layer pertains to the actual hardware....   [tags: Networks Telecommunications]
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1586 words
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How Various Mechanisms By Which Substances Cross The Cell Me - Homeostasis is essential to the cell&#8217;s survival. The cell membrane is responsible for homeostasis. The membrane has a selective permeability which means what moves in and out of the cell is regulated. Amino acids, sugars, oxygen, sodium, and potassium are examples of substances that enter the cell. Waste products and carbon dioxide are removed from the cell. All of these substances cross the membrane in a variety of ways. From diffusion and osmosis, to active transport the traffic through the cell membrane is regulated....   [tags: essays research papers] 882 words
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Permeability Of Hydrophilic - Permeability of Hydrophilic Supervisors: Vladan Milovic Professor Per Artursson SUMMARY Investigations of the integrity and transport characteristics of 2/4/A1 cells have been done in this report. The cell line was isolated from rat fetal intestinal epithelial cells and transfected with thermolabile SV40 large T antigen. These cells proliferated at 33 °C, but eliminated the antigen and ceased proliferating at a non-permissive temperature (39°C). At 39°C 2/4/A1 cells started to differentiate but simultaneously the cells also underwent massive cell death....   [tags: essays research papers] 3476 words
(9.9 pages)
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Britain's Ability to Establish Itself as the Workshop of the World - Britain's Ability to Establish Itself as the Workshop of the World During the period of 1780 to 1846, Britain established itself as the world's largest industrial country, or in the words of a journalist from the time the 'Workshop of the World'. Britain produced many raw materials, which were used for industry, in Britain and throughout the world. As a result of trade Britain became a very wealthy country. Prior to 1780 Britain realised the beneficial factors it could develop to become a well organised, industrialized society....   [tags: Papers] 1123 words
(3.2 pages)
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Air Pollution Control: Banning Private Vehicles is NOT the Solution - In this modern era, the level of pollution worldwide has been increasing consistently which in turn has brought harm to humans via many different ways. Consequently, the government must find a solution to solve this problem as speedily as possible. However, banning the ownership of private vehicles is not the only and definitely not the best way to decrease pollution. Although carbon emissions from vehicles do contribute towards a significant amount of pollution, banning the ownership of private vehicles in modern day society is unnecessary because pollution can also be caused by many other factors such as bad lifestyle choices on humanity’s part, lack of stricter or enforcement of environmental laws by governments as well as the fact that vehicles are an essential part of modern city life....   [tags: Persuasive, Environmental Issues] 1503 words
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We All Need Some Cellular Respiration - Every living thing needs cellular respiration to survive. Cellular respiration is the process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and other food molecules in the presence of oxygen. This process happens through three distinct operations which are glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and the electron transport chain. Throughout these cycles, our bodies turn oxygen and glucose into carbon dioxide, water, and energy. Although this system seems simple enough, cellular respiration can not take place in just one step because all of the energy from glucose would be released at once, most of it being lost in the form of light and heat....   [tags: Cellular Respiration, ] 521 words
(1.5 pages)
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The Industrial Revolution as a Time of Great Progress - The Industrial Revolution as a Time of Great Progress I believe that the Industrial Revolution affected everyone in different ways. I think that the majority of the already richer people did well out of the Industrial Revolution because they could afford to build up businesses and continue to build on already existing ones. They were made a lot more successful because of factories, transport and the poor's life style. The factories improved the businesses because they could make so much more produce and therefore much more profit....   [tags: Papers] 716 words
(2 pages)
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The Advent of the Federal Aviation Administration in US - According to renown historian Bilstein Roger, it is not clear when commercial air transport begun in the United States, but he traces it back to the era of hydrogen powered airplanes which operated between Oakland and Sanfransisco as early as 1913 (Freeman, n.d). In 1919, some milestones were made in the aviation industry when Lawson built the first ever multiengine airplane which was made specifically for passengers (Freeman, n.d). During this era of aviation, there was no any authority charged with the responsibility of overseeing and coordinating the aviation industry since it was not a popular means of transport....   [tags: Aviation ]
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899 words
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Cystic Fibrosis - For a child with cystic fibrosis life is mostly a series of respitory infections doctors visits and medications. Cystic fibrosis causes a build up of mucus in th lungs making breathing difficult . The thick mucus coats the hairlike projections lining air passage weakening the bodys immune system .Excess mucus interfers with the functioning of other oragns too.In the liver and pancreas mucus blocks the flow of the digestive enzymes in the intestine so food is not digested properly. Worn down by the repeated bouts of illness a cystic fibrosis patient rarely lives beyond his or her twenties....   [tags: essays research papers] 407 words
(1.2 pages)
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The Exporters Pocketbook - <a href="http://www.geocities.com/vaksam/">Sam Vaknin's Psychology, Philosophy, Economics and Foreign Affairs Web Sites I. The Export Transaction and its Documents The Transaction Finding a market for the goods (market research) Selecting the marketing channels Negotiations Pricing Distribution channels Order Contract Commercial Invoice Commercial Invoice must include (minimum): Payment Terms Mode of Payment Division of Costs Details of Carrier Details of Receiving Party Details of Buyer Other Details For best results use the ECE (Economic Commission for Europe) Standard Commercial Invoice Packing List must include (minimum): Contents of the Packaging (=of the shipment) If more than one package or outer and inner packing – all contents per each packing and per each package must be detailed separately Permits and Licenses Export licenses if needed Standards certificates Labeling Quality control certificates (highest is ISO, such as ISO-9002 or ISO-9000) Health and phytosanitary certificates Veterinary certificates Other permits, licenses and certificates Service Providers Marine Transport Air Transport Land Transport (lorry, train) Insurance Warehousing Banking and other Financial Services (factoring, forfeiting, etc.) Airway Bill of Lading (ABL) (More details later – see appendices for samples) Holder of ABL does not own goods Air Transport Contract not effected – but ABL proof of existence of such contract, including weight, measurements, number of packages and invoice....   [tags: Business] 9299 words
(26.6 pages)
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Membranes and Their Functions - Membranes and Their Functions Membranes form boundaries both around the cell (the plasma membrane) and around distinct sub cellular compartments (e.g. nucleus, mitochondria, lysosomes, etc.). They act as selectively permeable barriers allowing the inside environment of the cell or the organelle to differ from that outside. Membranes are involved in signaling processes; they contain specified receptors for external stimuli and are involved in both chemical and electrical signal generation....   [tags: Papers] 1273 words
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Brunei’s Effort in Achieving Sustainable Development: Strategies and Challenges - World Commission on Environment and Development (1987, p.43 as cited in Baker, 2006) defined ‘sustainable development’ as ‘development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”. It is a crucial necessity for Brunei Darussalam to become a sustainable country. This is for the sake of Brunei in managing its natural resources while in unison promoting economic prosperity at the best. Although Brunei is still in its initial stage, certain sectors have made remarkable progress in the area of sustainability....   [tags: Environment ]
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The Krebs Cycle - The Krebs cycle is a series of reactions which occur in the mitochondria and results in the formation of ATP and other molecules which undergo farther reactions to form more ATP. Cellular respiration can be divided into four sequences. The first sequence is glycolysis, its breaks down one molecule glucose into two molecules pyruyate. Transition takes place in the matrix of the mitochondria and it’s referred to the beginning of aerobic respiration. The process takes place if there is enough amounts of oxygen in the mitochondria....   [tags: Chemistry]
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BioChemistry - Questons an Answers - ... The rate of diffusion or movement depends or affected by the size of the particle, the smaller the faster is the rate of movement and by the temperature, the warmer the faster is the diffusion. To answer the question, a fever then will increase the body processes that involve diffusion since fever causes an increase in body temperature. The greater the temperature the faster is the rate of diffusion (book p. 68-69). 4. On a separate piece of paper; draw and label a cartoon of a biological cell membrane which illustrates the fluid mosaic model of membrane structure....   [tags: BioChemistry, Queston/Answer] 2055 words
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Burnaston Vs Valenciennes, battle of the car plants. - Burnaston Vs Valenciennes, battle of the car plants. Bosses at Toyota tonight face a difficult decision tonight at where to locate their new manufacturing plant. The options they have are either Burnaston in Derby where they have a well-established plant along with experience workers or the town of Valencieennes in northern France. Here at the financial Times we have had a debate about which one they should go for. Burnaston: There are many advantages of them expanding on this site. They have a well-established work force with skilled labourers and a lot of room for expansion....   [tags: Economics] 574 words
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Blood Brain Barrier - Structure of the BBB The brain is permeated by a vast network of tiny blood vessels called capillaries- so tiny and thin that blood cells have to pass through in single file. In the brain alone there are enough capillaries that if you laid them all out end to end they would stretch from Tucson to Tijuana. These capillaries are surrounded by a single layer of cells. That layer of cells forms a barrier between the capillaries and the cells and fluid of the brain. These barrier-forming cells are called "endothelial cells"....   [tags: Biology] 3008 words
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The Automobile and the Environment - The Automobile and the Environment a) Negative externalities are impacts on 'outsiders' that are disadvantageous to them. The externalities occur where the actions of firms or individuals have an effect on the people other than themselves. In the case of negative externalities the external effects are costs on other people. They are also known as external costs. There may be external costs from both production and consumption. If these are added to the private costs we get the total social costs....   [tags: Business and Management Studies] 2035 words
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Boeing and Airbus: Then and Now - William Boeing studied at Yale engineering college before leaving to make his fortune on the West Coast. After trading forestlands, Boeing moved to Seattle, Washington. In 1910, he attended the first American air meet in Los Angeles. He returned to Seattle eager to explore the new field of aviation. The next five years afforded Boeing the opportunity to discuss all the possibilities with George Westervelt, a Navy engineer that had studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and taken several aeronautics courses....   [tags: Aviation]
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Urbanization Problems and Sustainable Development - Cities all over the world are developing. As war ended in 1942, a significant number of people move to the city because they want to improve life. This urbanization process is causing a number of problems and should be met by sustainable development policies. In the beginning, it is important to know the definition of sustainable development. There are some definitions for sustainable development, but simply they say that sustainable development is a development which using resources now and preserving them for future generations (Adams, 1999, p.137)....   [tags: Social Issues]
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Urbanization problems can be met by sustainable development? - Cities all over the world are developing. This urbanization process is causing a number of problems and can be met by sustainable development policies. In the beginning, it is important to know what is the reason for urbanization. Most people move to the city because they want to get a better life. Another important term is a sustainable development. There are some definitions for sustainable development, but simply they say that sustainable development is a development which using resources now and preserving them for future generations (Adams, 1999, p.137)....   [tags: Social Issues, Population, Conception Policy] 1305 words
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Impact of Electric Vehicles - Today, energy security and global climate change are two major problems affecting people and the environment worldwide (IEA, 2010). These problems are highly integrated with each other and mitigating global climate change without affecting the energy security is becoming a significant challenge for many governments and policy makers in the twenty-first century (Brown & Sovacool, 2011). In recent years, energy security has become a major concern in many jurisdictions with increasing energy demand, rising energy costs, and energy production and supply issues (IEA, 2010)....   [tags: Environment, Energy, Global Climate Change] 2019 words
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State of the art networking - The growth of network bandwidths has contributed to Internet traffic since the introduction of packet switching. In recent years, new applications such as Peerto- Peer (P2P) file sharing, multi-media, and mobile computing have increased users’ expectations, motivating new designs in which various communication links, such as grid [32], satellite, wireless and mobile computing, can securely participate and handle traffic at higher layers of the protocol stack. These new applications vary in traffic and connection characteristics in various communication links....   [tags: Information Technology] 1935 words
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Business of Interest: Carrier Transicold Corporation - I find Carrier Transicold Corporation interesting because they are a global force in transport refrigeration and a competitor of the company I work for. Carrier Transicold offers the industry's most complete range of products for container refrigeration, truck, trailer and rail refrigeration, bus, and recreational vehicle air conditioning (Carrier Corporation, 2012). The equipment the company manufactures provides transport temperature controlled solutions to customers who haul freight. Transport Refrigeration Units (TRUs) are refrigeration systems powered by diesel internal combustion engines designed to refrigerate or heat transported perishable products in various containers, including semi-trailers, truck vans, shipping containers, and rail cars....   [tags: Business]
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Administrative Operations - Administrative Operations This assignment is about administrative skills, which is based on organising an event that allows everyone from year 13 to take a position of responsibility. It will depend on how many students are prepared to go and if some of the teachers can be persuaded to devote their time in participating in the event. Therefore the role of each individual is important, as it will determine the outcome of the event. The decisions are up to the students on where they plan to go whether it is a social event or a visit to an outside organisation....   [tags: Papers] 1776 words
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Climatic Conditions Across the Globe - Climatic Conditions Across the Globe 1. a) Climatic Conditions: These are conditions arising in the world as a result of a change of weather, including latitude, altitude, winds and ocean currents. Climatic conditions therefore vary in different countries of the world as well as sometimes within the same country. In addition, countries at opposite ends of the earth can have similar climatic conditions. It just depends on their latitude from the equator, i.e....   [tags: Papers] 2170 words
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How Studies of Gitelman's and Bartter's Syndromes Have Helped in Understanding Calcium and Magnesium Excretion by the Human Kidney - How Studies of Gitelman's and Bartter's Syndromes Have Helped in Understanding Calcium and Magnesium Excretion by the Human Kidney Identifying the causes of Gitelman’s and Bartter’s syndromes has greatly enhanced our understanding of ion transport by thick ascending limb and distal convoluted tubule cells. Bartter and Gitelman syndromes are renal tubular salt-wasting disorders in which the kidneys are unable to reabsorb sodium in the thick ascending limb of Henle or the distal convoluted tubule, depending on the mutation....   [tags: Papers] 2186 words
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Changing Locational Factors of Manufacturing Industry - Changing Locational Factors of Manufacturing Industry In the 20th century the factors affecting the location of industry within the UK changed. This can be seen as a change from an emphasis on physical factors affecting the location of manufacturing industries, such as raw materials, to an emphasis on more human and economic factors, such as labour and transport. The growth of manufacturing in the UK began in the 18th and 19th centuries during the Industrial Revolution, making Great Britain one of the most industrialised countries in the world....   [tags: Papers] 1294 words
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The Location of Manufacturing Businesses - The Location of Manufacturing Businesses Before the 1600’s iron factories were mainly situated where there were surface outcrops of iron ore and abundant wood for use as charcoal. Locations were at the source of these two raw materials as they had a high material index, were bulky and expensive to transport, had a limited market and could not be moved far owing to the poor transport system. Before the 1700’s local iron ore in the Sheffield area was turned to iron by using fast flowing rivers to turn water wheels as water provided a cheaper source of energy....   [tags: Papers] 693 words
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Review of Research Paper on Insulin - Missing Graphs BACKGROUND: Let's go back to the 1920s, when diabetes was discovered and the study of glucose began. There was a scientist named Minkowsky, and he wondered what caused diabetes. So, he did something crazy: He took a urine sample from a normal patient and a sample from a diabetic patient, and tasted them. He observed that the sample from the diabetic patient was sweet, so he concluded that diabetes had something to do with high glucose levels (lots of sugar in the blood). In the same decade, two scientists named Benting and Best performed another experiment to see which chemically made pancreas would do the best job in lowering glucose levels....   [tags: Biology Diabetes] 1622 words
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Hydrosphere of the Mississippi River - Hydrosphere of the Mississippi River A Case Study of * River management * People interfering in the hydrosphere * A flood management scheme River Basin / Catchment area The source of the river is the eastern side of the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachian Mountains to the north. There are many hundreds of tributaries including the Red River, Missouri river and the river Ohio. The mountains form the river's watershed. From Minneapolis the river flows South-East into Iowa where it flows south as far as Davenport....   [tags: Papers] 407 words
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Photosynthesis Versus Cellular Respiration - Photosynthesis is the storage of energy in carbon compounds. In photosynthesis, the sun's energy is converted to chemical energy and stored in glucose molecules. In photosynthesis, we see energy associated with electrons or being released from association of electrons. There are two pathways associated with photosynthesis: light and dark reactions. I will concentrate on the non-cyclic light reactions of photosynthesis. Light reactions are driven by light energy. This pathway produces ATP and a reduced electron carrier (NADPH + H )....   [tags: Biology] 445 words
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Causes of the Industrial Revolution in Britain - Causes of the Industrial Revolution in Britain There are several reason for the industrial revolution in Britain. They are all very important as they changed the way people lived and thought. The groundwork that it created is the basis for modern thinking and inventing and it has been called the Second Renaissance. One of the reasons was that around Britain all the raw materials were in abundance. These included coal, iron and tin, but although they were used to make simple machines, such as cattle ploughs, no one realised they could use them to power advanced steam machines....   [tags: Papers] 436 words
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How The Schlieffen Plan Was Meant To Work - How The Schlieffen Plan Was Meant To Work The Schlieffen Plan was written by Count Alfred von Schlieffen, and was Germany's initial approach to a war; it was meant to ensure a quick and clean victory for Germany. Germany needed to eliminate France from the war immediately because it knew that it did not have the capacity to be fighting on two fronts; Germany didn't have the strength or the troops required to fight both Russia and France at the same time. Thus, the Schlieffen Plan was formulated in order to remove France from the war, and enable Germany to then quickly transport its troops to fight Russia....   [tags: Papers] 511 words
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Nikola Tesla: Major Creator and Inventor in the Field of Power Transfer - “I do not think there is any thrill that can go through the human heart like that felt by the inventor as he sees some creation of the brain unfolding to success... Such emotions make a man forget food, sleep, friends, love, everything.”1 This was said by Nikola Tesla near the end of his life. He was a vivid inventor for the majority of his life, developing many ideas that weren’t further developed until very recently. He, like many other inventors, is part of a group of people throughout history known as history’s forgotten....   [tags: Biography]
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Air Travel Industry Q&A - 1. Consider the air travel industry’s microenvironment. Using Figure 3.1, indentify the main companies and other organisations forming the microenvironment. Microenvironment is the factors that impact to organisation ability to serve its customers. In air travel industry, microenvironment can be say that is • Suppliers: Transport industry need vehicle to serve its customers, thus Boeing and Airbus, aerospace company, are main suppliers of air transport. Moreover, serving meal is one of its services that provided almost every flight....   [tags: Air Travel] 786 words
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ICAO - The International Civil Aviation Organisation - Every hour of every day, 365 days a year, and aeroplane takes off every few seconds somewhere on the face of the earth. People on the ground and in the air handle each and every one of these flights in the same way and the organisation responsible for setting these complex standards and procedures is the International Civil Aviation Organisation, which is a part of the United Nations Organisation. The ICAO is working on, among other things, improving the safety of the African air transport sector and implementing a new navigation standard worldwide in an attempt to achieve its aims....   [tags: Aviation]
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Ip Interconnection - Interconnection is an important issue as it serves to connect numerous customers located at home and offices as well as provide valuable network for businesses. Interconnection results in end-to-end connectivity for provisioning of services to enable communication. Today’s telecommunication networks are moving beyond the traditional PSTN into IP networks which are the next-generation networks (NGN). These NGNs can be used to deliver converged services that are a combination of voice, data and video services using the same core hardware....   [tags: Computer Networking] 1330 words
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Essay on Global Warming: The Effects of Climate Change - Climate change is a long-term alteration in the statistical distribution of weather pattern over periods ranging from decades to millions of years. The world is currently experiencing drastic change in temperature. This change can be felt in the tropical climate areas where the weather is getting hotter and hotter every day. The change in global temperatures and precipitation over time is due to natural variability or to human activity. It is also caused by accumulation of greenhouse effects (Arrhenius, 1896)....   [tags: environment, pollution, global warming] 1416 words
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Changes due to Urban Renewal in Pyrmont-Ultimo - ... Finally in 1991, the federal government initiated a ‘Better Cities Program’ which aimed to make Australian cities sustainable and more liveable. It encouraged partnership arrangements among the three tiers of government, the private sector and the community. The major objectives were to improve the economic efficiency, social equity and environmental sustainability of Australia’s cities and Pyrmont-Ultimo was a targeted suburb for urban renewal. There were several areas that the program aimed to improve including housing, transport, public parks or open spaces and protection of the environment....   [tags: port, industrial area, urban decay, Australia] 1105 words
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Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) - Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) ATP stands for Adenosine Triphosphate and is the immediate supply of energy for biological processes. The ATP consists of an organic nitrogenous base, Adenosine, which is one of the four bases found in a DNA strand, it also consists of a ribose sugar with three phosphates joined by high energy bonds. The energy itself is stored in the form of high-energy chemical bonds; this energy is released on hydrolysis, i.e. by the reaction with water, in a similar way peptide bonds are hydrolysed in proteins....   [tags: Biology] 1312 words
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Roots' Function in Life Support System of Plants - Roots' Function in Life Support System of Plants Roots are equal in importance to leaves as the life support system for plants. Roots are Carbon pumps that feed soil organisms and contribute to soil organic matter, Storage organs, Chemical factories that may change soil pH, poison competitors, they filter out toxins, concentrate rare elements, etc. They are sensor network that helps regulate plant growth, they are absorptive network for limiting soil resources of water and nutrients they have mechanical structures that support plants, strengthen soil, construct channels and break rocks....   [tags: Papers] 630 words
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