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Analysis of a Transmission Model - ... zero mean complex Gaussian with variance σ^2=1⁄(((2E_s)⁄N_o )=1⁄((2SNR))) per dimension. The average energy of the symbols transmitted from each antenna is normalized to one, so that the average power of the received signal at each receive antenna is n. It is assumed that channel state information is only available at the receiver, who uses it to compute the decision metric ∑_(t=1)^l▒∑_(j=1)^m▒|r_t^j-∑_(i=1)^n▒〖h_(i,j) c_t^i 〗|^2 l & decide in favor of the code word c_1^1 c_1^2…c_1^n c_2^1…c_2^n c_l^n…c_l^n that minimizes the sum....   [tags: antena, transmission, generator matrix] 524 words
(1.5 pages)
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Transmission of Schistosomiasis - Transmission of Schistosomiasis - mediated by chemical communication Living organisms use a variety of cues to find their prey, to mate, to move and to hide from their predator. These cues can be visual, auditory or olfactory. Olfactory cues often require a release of chemical from a source towards which an organism could be attracted to or be repelled from. From single celled bacteria to large chordates like sharks use chemical communication for different purposes. However, the most prevalent role of chemical communication is disease transmission....   [tags: Living Organisms, Prey and Predator]
:: 21 Works Cited
1786 words
(5.1 pages)
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Transmission of the Food Culture - In 1943, Abraham Maslow proposed a theory called “Maslow’s hierarchy of needs” in psychology field. Food, placed at the bottom level of the hierarchy, represents one of the primary human physiological needs for survival. In my point of view, food is a carrier that holds all the meanings from other levels and passes on along with the transmission of cultural. In Sheila Ferguson, Martha Stewart and Julia Child’s books, it seems that they all state the cuisine of a particular type of food as while as the enjoyment....   [tags: Culture ]
:: 6 Works Cited
1909 words
(5.5 pages)
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Improvement of Bit Rate Transmission - The word “soliton” is meant to describe the particle like behavior of the optical pulses propagating through a medium . The pulses envelope for soliton not only propagates undistorted but also survives collisions just as particles do. The soliton are very narrow, high intensity optical pulses that retain their shape through the interaction of balancing pulse dispersion with the nonlinear properties of an optical filter. If the relative effect of SPM and GVD are controlled just right, and appropriate pulse shape is chosen, the pulse compression resulting from SPM can exactly offset the pulse broadening effect of GVD....   [tags: solition pulse, optical power, electrical spectrum]
:: 15 Works Cited
2430 words
(6.9 pages)
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Transmission Fluid - Your car will rely on many things especially fluids to keep all the mechanical parts well lubricated and working without using much heat on high-friction functions. Transmission fluid is one of the most important fluids in the car. Significance The transmission system uses clutch, actuating shafts and all the gear connections. Each engine gear will have a limit, which is defined by the red line that is always defined by the revolutions per minute. When the gear of your vehicle reaches the limit, it has to stop spinning and let another gear power the vehicle....   [tags: Automobiles] 1058 words
(3 pages)
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Energy Transmission - In energy systems where the energy-collection process in an energy-material is needed as a step physically separated from the Processing Unit, the transportation of the energy-material that contains the energy is required. In the case of biomass-based energy systems, this step encompasses all the infra-structure associated with the logistics of supplying biomass to the Processing Unit: machines, roads, pipes, etc. Although the energy that flows through this stage is tied to the amount of raw material demanded by the processing plant, its cost structure may vary freely, dependent upon the type of transportation technology adopted (i.e.: pipelines, trucks, railroads), distances, daily demand o...   [tags: Energy] 869 words
(2.5 pages)
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Parenting and Family: What's Intergenerational Transmission - Introduction There are many ways to explain the way a child is the way they are and why they act the way they do. One explanation is through intergenerational transmission. Intergenerational transmission is a process that leads to perseverance of one’s culture, can be selective, and is a bidirectional process (from parent to child or child to parent) (Scabini & Marta, 2006; Schonpflug, 2001). There are many different characteristics and/or temperaments that can be intergenerationally transmitted, such as values, parenting behaviors, gender, and much more....   [tags: culture, gender, agression, anti-social conduct]
:: 21 Works Cited
1225 words
(3.5 pages)
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The True Nature of Head Lice Transmission - Summary: This study aimed to discover the true nature of head lice transmission. Prior to this paper there were two proposed mechanisms for transmission. These mechanisms were either head-to-head transfer or via fomite. Transmission was tested simulating possible scenarios lice could be transferred. This included speed, angle and orientation of louse transferring objects, such as hair. The researchers concluded that a slow relationship between hairs must be maintained along with proper orientation in order to permit transmission....   [tags: Health Care]
:: 5 Works Cited
2020 words
(5.8 pages)
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Blood Borne Pathogens and Disease Transmission - Pathogens are a type of microorganism that spreads viral and bacterial diseases. These diseases when present in human blood and body fluids are known as blood borne pathogens, and can spread from one person to another. (Worcester polytechnic institute) The most serious types of blood borne diseases are the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV), which can cause liver damage; and HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), which is responsible for causing AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome)....   [tags: biology, microorganism]
:: 6 Works Cited
989 words
(2.8 pages)
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Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol - TCP/IP The OSI reference model or Open System Interconnection is the most common model used in today’s networks. The OSI model divides the required network processes into seven different layers allowing for effective communication. Layer 7 or the Application function provides network services to application processes, interacts and supports the networks needs of various software’s, and provides protocols. Layer 6 or Presentation function provides proper communication from one host to another. With-in this layer data is encrypted, compressed, and formatted for proper data representation....   [tags: IT Networks]
:: 9 Works Cited
1197 words
(3.4 pages)
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Transmission of the Plague to Humans - Transmission of the Plague to Humans Abstract Yersinia pestis is a bacterium that has been well known to mankind for centuries. Its mechanisms of survival in wide variety of species are extraordinary. The power of this bacterium is dependent on its manipulation of the immune system of its host’s. Its means of survival in the flea and its use of the flea as a vector to other desirable hosts portray this bacterium’s true capability. This flea is the main cause of the bacterium to other animals, especially humans....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Disease Plague]
:: 6 Works Cited
1488 words
(4.3 pages)
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Transmission, Treatment and Prevention of Salmonella - Transmission, Treatment and Prevention of Salmonella Abstract Salmonella is a gram-negative rod, which is known to infect humans, birds, and other mammals by invading and irritating the intestines. It is more common in poultry and swine which, if consumed, can cause diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and stomach cramps. The infectious disease can be found almost everywhere and anywhere, including in water, animal feces, raw poultry, and raw seafood. Animals consume salmonella from the soil or contaminated processed feed....   [tags: Medicine Food Poisoning]
:: 4 Works Cited
1122 words
(3.2 pages)
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Transmission of Pain Signals by the Brain at the Spinal Level - Transmission of Pain Signals by the Brain at the Spinal Level Pain has been defined by Coates & Hindle as an unpleasant emotional and sensory experience which signals a potential or actual damage to tissues (2011, p. 213). Pain is a common human experience and can emanate from injury and illness. There are two main types of pain; acute pain is short-lived, lasting for minutes or several days and its onset often takes place rapidly. It results from the activation of pain nerve endings or nociceptors either by internal or external pain stimuli....   [tags: Anatomy, The Central Nervous System] 2035 words
(5.8 pages)
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Transmission of Livestock Diseases to Humans - Transmission of Livestock Diseases to Humans For decades now, death and disease have driven the progress of technology. Through the advancements of science, many diseases have been made obsolete and many more are drawing closer and closer to being conquered. However, with all the diseases that we have defeated, more and more keep appearing. And old diseases that we thought we were protected against have made comebacks. An example of this is Foot and Mouth Disease. "Since 1930 the United States of America has prohibited the importation of livestock and fresh, chilled, or frozen meat from countries in which rinderpest or foot-and-mouth disease exist," (Publication 1343, 49)....   [tags: Health Science Papers]
:: 16 Works Cited
3913 words
(11.2 pages)
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Cryptosporidium Parvum: Transmission and Infection - Cryptosporidium Parvum: Transmission and Infection Cryptosporidium parvum is a protozoan intestinal parasite causing a short-term enteric illness in individuals with functioning immune systems, and can cause a potentially fatal infection in immunosuppressed individuals. Because of C. parvum’s resistance to many of the procedures used to process drinking water and food, and the parasite’s extremely high fecundity, the potential for a large scale outbreak is very high. In fact, C. parvum was responsible for an outbreak in Milwaukee in 1993 when an estimated 403,000 people became ill....   [tags: Health Biology Disease] 1567 words
(4.5 pages)
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The Transmission of Diseases from Livestock - The Transmission of Diseases from Livestock The signs at the Philadelphia International Airport are bold and make a clear point. The bright, yellow billboards all but shout: "Keep Foot and Mouth Disease out of America." Soon after seeing these signs upon entrance to the airport, travelers are greeted by customs agents who check documentation and bags to insure that the traveler has not been prone to the disease on his journeys. Any traveler exhibiting the warning signs of an individual who carries the disease is quickly swept away- removed from the general populace in order to prevent possible spreading of the disease....   [tags: History Disease Health Medical Essays]
:: 2 Works Cited
1111 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Bluetongue Virus and Trypanosoma Cruzi Virus Transmission Cycles - 1. Introduction Bluetongue virus (BTV) and Trypanosoma cruzi (T.cruzi) are two of the numerous vector borne diseases that cause diseases in human and animals. Bluetongue virus causes serious disease in cattle while Trypanosoma cruzi causes Chagas disease (Human American Trypanosomiasis), which can be potentially fatal to humans. Several control strategies have been implemented to deal with and avoid epidemics of BTV and T.cruzi in the UK and South America respectively. This essay will give an overview of the transmission cycle of each infectious agent and will present and attempt to compare the control strategies in a context of design and efficiency....   [tags: Disease ]
:: 11 Works Cited
1675 words
(4.8 pages)
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Manual Vs Automatic Transmission - Manual vs. Automatic Transmission You want to get a new car, but you are not sure whether to get one with an automatic transmission or one with a manual transmission. Well read on and perhaps this essay will help you out with your decision. Cars have played a big role in my life. When I was a little kid my dad and I used to work on his 197....   [tags: Compare Contrast Car Driving Auto] 1289 words
(3.7 pages)
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Video Transmission via Satellite - Video Transmission via Satellite Direct Broadcast satellite (DBS) delivers hundreds of TV channels to millions of people around the world. Satellite owners buy slots in space and lease assigned transponder frequencies to service providers. In this paper, I briefly introduce the history and development of DBS, the major vendors of the products, and overall market situation. In order to illustrate why DBS is such a popular technology, I also give out the comparison between DBS and the traditional cable TV....   [tags: Papers] 3414 words
(9.8 pages)
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Data Transmission - Data Transmission The purpose of this report is to describe some common data transmission terminology. This paper will discuss various data transmission (communication) protocols and how they are used in data communication. Synchronous and Asynchronous: Asynchronous serial transmission is a technique used in serial RS232 communication. The data is framed by a series of control bits known as the start bit, stop bit(s), parity bits and error checking bits. A transmit clock signal is used to clock the data over the transmission line to the receiving end....   [tags: Technology Definition Data Communication Research] 1180 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Automatic Transmission and Decline of Western Morals - The Automatic Transmission and Decline of Western Morals When first struck with this notion, that the automatic transmission has caused the decline of Western morals, I was pumped-up and ready to go. I could've written the whole thing right then and there, sans research, sans forethought, sans plan. But then, what I thought to be the better angel of my nature kicked in and said that the responsible thing to do was to do research. Despite my future difficulties, I still think this to be the right course of action....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
:: 5 Works Cited
1812 words
(5.2 pages)
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Transmission of Information through a Photonic Link - Transmission of Information through a Photonic Link Introduction As civilizations rose they noticed the sun as they received the light it sent to them, because of this a fascination arose for light. Eventually the human mind and technology progressed to such experiments as those of Alexander Graham’s use of light in a photophone, a transmitter of voice using the sun as a transmitter. However unlike Graham’s experiment, modern technology provides a new level of communication in this experiment....   [tags: Technology Solar Sun] 1200 words
(3.4 pages)
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A New Approach to Transmission Power Control for Multihop and Single Hop WSNs. - 4.1 Simulation Environment Our radio model uses characteristics similar to Telosb interface and using ad hoc routing. Telosb uses CC2420 chip [cc2420chipcon] , supporting eight different transmission power levels. Energy consumptions for different transmission power levels are shown in Table [tab:Telosb-Transmission-Power]. To simulate the typical Telosb energy model in NS-2, we calculate the energy consumption by each power level, given by: E=Pt, where power is the product of the voltage and current drained at particular power level (P=VI )....   [tags: Research Analysis ] 1673 words
(4.8 pages)
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Distance Protection Algorithm for Three Terminal Transmission Lines Using Local Measurement - When a short-circuit fault occurs on a transmission line, it should be located rapidly and correctly in order to repair the faulted section, minimize the transmission line outage time, and restore power delivery as soon as possible. Therefore, development of a robust and accurate fault location technique under various fault conditions is a highly important research area. In some low power densities areas, utilities are connected to an existing transmission line using a tapped line because of economic advantages....   [tags: Math]
:: 18 Works Cited
1006 words
(2.9 pages)
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Transmission Power Control in Single-hop and Multi-hop Wireless Sensor Networks - 1 Transmission Power Control in Single-hop and Multi-hop Wireless Sensor Networks Abstract—A major challenge in wireless sensor network (WSN) deployment is to minimize sensor node’s energy consumption to prolong the lifetime of the finite-capacity batteries. Power control is one of the main techniques used to conserve energy in wireless sensor networks. In this paper we provide an efficient power control scheme for WSNs based on Telosb platform which is IEEE 802.15.4 standard compliant. Our simulation and numerical results illustrate that energy spent to transmit a packet in network system using short-range multi-hop path does not necessarily save energy as suggested by some researchers [1]....   [tags: Research Analysis ]
:: 23 Works Cited
2251 words
(6.4 pages)
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Human Immunodeficiency Virus: HIV Transmission and Strategies for Reducing its Spread. - The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the virus that causes HIV infection which destroys the immune system leaving the body unable to effectively fight infections and cancers (National Health Services, 2012). Despite the fact that over 1 million people in the US are infected, it is estimated that 1 in 6 are unaware of their infection, and thus, unknowingly spread it (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2013). The spread of HIV has been rapid worldwide and is considered a major epidemic....   [tags: infected blood, aids, immune system]
:: 11 Works Cited
1197 words
(3.4 pages)
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Digital Networks: Thte Digital Subscriber Line - Introduction: Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) has started its origin from a telephone company desires to offer an end to end digital network as a service and named it as "integrated services digital network (ISDN)". Being a low speed in the communication is one of the major defect in ISDN. The low speed is due to the “crosstalk” between telephone lines, crosstalk is nothing but the electromagnetic coupling between lines. The crosstalk from all other telephone lines result in large noise which reduces the data rates....   [tags: crosstalk, data transmission, telephone]
:: 5 Works Cited
1039 words
(3 pages)
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The Yellow Fever: A Dangerous Virus - The Yellow Fever virus came from Central or East Africa. With transmission between primates and humans, the virus has been spread from there to West Africa. The virus was probably brought to the Americas with the slave trade ships from 1492 after the first European exploration. The first case of Yellow fever was recorded in Mexico by Spanish colonists in 1648. Consequently, the virus started to spread also in North America. In Philadelphia in 1793, more than the 9% of the population die. The American government had to escape from the city that was the temporary capital....   [tags: primates, humans, transmission]
:: 5 Works Cited
1562 words
(4.5 pages)
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Proposal to Implement Internet Protocol Version Four (IPv4) - IPv4 The purpose of this paper is to present a proposal to implement Internet Protocol version four (IPv4) also known as Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) structure as our primary means of communication within our network infrastructure. We are currently using a legacy mainframe system that limits are current means of network connectivity with other evolving network systems and it is in our best interest that we look into the future as well as keep up with changing times as Information Technicians....   [tags: Transmission Control Protocol]
:: 5 Works Cited
1140 words
(3.3 pages)
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Free Process Essays - How to Operate a Manual Transmission - How to Operate a Manual Transmission A vast majority of our population find operating a manual transmission, or stick shift, to be extremely difficult. However, in actuality all it takes is some serious practice and devotion to make driving a stick shift like second nature. For successful driving, the same steps must be followed each time the car is driven. The stick shift panel is typically located between the two front seats of the vehicle. The stick shift can be moved left to right and up and down for changing gears....   [tags: Expository Process Essays] 597 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Principles and Limitations of Transmission and Scanning Electron Microscopes - The Principles and Limitations of Transmission and Scanning Electron Microscopes Introduction Microscopy has a major role in cytology.From the very beginning researchers have tried to develop ways of looking directly at living cells.This examination has revealed much about the morphology of cells and tissues.In recent years,development in microscopes,dyes,staining and preparatory techniques have helped reveal even more about the structure and function of cells.Microscopes have a certain magnification and resolving power.In any microscope the the resolving power is more important than the magnification.The resolving power of a microscope is the least distance b...   [tags: Papers] 850 words
(2.4 pages)
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Risk factors in the transmission of alcoholism from parent to child - Alcoholism is a major contributor to dysfunction in families today. Research has shown that children who are born to an alcoholic family are adversely affected by alcoholism in their development (Baker and Stephenson, 1995). Children of alcoholics possess a greater risk of acquiring alcoholism as a result of their parent¡¦s alcoholism (Reich, 1997). Within the body of this paper, this thesis will be supported. The text of this paper will list and describe risk factors in the transmission of alcoholism from parent to child, both specifically related to alcohol use and influences of a psychosocial nature....   [tags: Alcohol Addiction] 1842 words
(5.3 pages)
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The Effects of HIV - The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimated that by the end of 2008, there were 490,696 people living with an AIDS diagnoses in the United States, around 38,000 more than 2006 and the numbers continue to rise. Since 2000, the annual number of new AIDS diagnoses has remained relatively constant, with an estimated 34,993 in 2009. In total, an estimated 1,142,714 people are living with a diagnosis of AIDS in America since the beginning of this tragic epidemic. Studied show in 2009 African Americans made up an estimated fifty percent of new HIV diagnoses, whites twenty-seven percent, and Hispanics/Latinos nineteen percent....   [tags: child transmission, blood, infection]
:: 9 Works Cited
1543 words
(4.4 pages)
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Needle and Syringes Programme - The needle and syringe programme (NSP) is the programme that supplies needle and syringe and also other equipment used to prepare and illegal drug. This programme is run by pharmacies and drug services. World Health Organization (2007) stated that the purpose of this programme is to reduce the transmission of blood- borne viruses and other infections that caused by sharing injecting equipment. The work of NSPs has focused on HIV prevention and also rising HIV-prevalence among clients in many locations....   [tags: HIV, transmission, health, prevention]
:: 6 Works Cited
1122 words
(3.2 pages)
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What are Communicable Diseases? - There are hundreds and thousands of communicable diseases that affect children in life each and every day. Some disease are deadly and some are not. Some of them have been slowed down or controlled by vaccines and modern technology. Although some are being controlled others resist drug treatments. Theses are the types of diseases that become difficult to cure and can kill a child. It is difficult to prevent children from catching the spread of communicable diseases because of how easily some are able to spread, because it is just part of our everyday life and because children are always around objects and things that are highly contagious....   [tags: highly contagious, oral transmission]
:: 10 Works Cited
1366 words
(3.9 pages)
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Fiber Optic Communication - Fiber optic communication has become necessary have to most of the big multinational companies and government agencies. Heavy investments have taken place in regards to this particular type of communication. Form the developed countries to the developing countries fiber optic communication has become the preferred means of data transmission. The following report will look at Fiber optics and fiber optic communications critically. The history of the fiber optics will be liked into as well as the basic fiber optic communication system....   [tags: data transmission, efficiency, information]
:: 9 Works Cited
2718 words
(7.8 pages)
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Issues of HIV and Pregnancy - Human Immunodeficiency Virus, or HIV, is a virus that destroys the immune system of a person. This virus is highly contagious and can be transmitted in many ways including: vaginal, oral, and anal sex, sharing needles, coming into contact with infected bodily fluids, and also through pregnancy, which is known as mother to child transmission. In the United States, there are about 1.1 million people with HIV and every year there are 540,000 new infections. It is important to note that of those new infections, 25% of them are in women....   [tags: virus transmission, HIV, CD4 cell]
:: 3 Works Cited
992 words
(2.8 pages)
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How To Remove a Transmission On a GM New Style W-Body - How To Remove a Transmission On a GM New Style W-Body Removing a transmission is a long process, which requires special tools and equipment. Do not attempt it without proper equipment. Transmissions are very heavy and require the use of a trans jack. Also the engine will need support without the sub frame in place. First remove the air cleaner assembly. Next disconnect the shift cable, and if applicable the park/neutral switch connections. Remove the two 13mm bolts from the cable plate. Now, disconnect the main transmission electrical connector by squeezing and bulling on it....   [tags: Papers] 365 words
(1 pages)
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Transmission of Multimedia Data over Wireless Ad-Hoc Networks - Transmission of Multimedia Data over Wireless Ad-Hoc networs A. Berk Barutlu Abstract Ad-hoc networking has been of increasing interest and therefore recognized as an important research area in recent years. This paper is about transmission of multimedia data over wireless ad-hoc networks, the problems and the related issues. 1. Introduction 1.1 Ad-Hoc Networks An ad-hoc network is a collection of wireless mobile nodes that will dynamically form a temporary network without the use of any existing network infrastructure....   [tags: essays research papers] 1649 words
(4.7 pages)
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Unintended Pregnancies Among HIV Positive Women - SCOPE OF PROBLEM Unintended pregnancies among HIV positive women in low-income settings is a significant public health issue with implications for the health and well-being of women of childbearing age, their partners, and their children. According to the Global HIV/AIDS Response Progress Report (WHO, 2011), Swaziland is a priority country for eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Swaziland has the highest HIV prevalence in the world - nearly 26% of adults aged 15-49 in Swaziland are living with HIV....   [tags: public health issue, mother-to-child transmission]
:: 18 Works Cited
2090 words
(6 pages)
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black death - This paper will explore the plague commonly referred to as the Black Death, in which devastated Europe in the year 1348. This will be done through comparing and contrasting the views of two scholars who propagate different views concerning the plague. Different historians have endeavored to explain what precisely, may have caused the plague, with theories that range from bubonic plague to influenza or anthrax. The appearance, management, as well as attitudes linked to an explicit illness are influenced by its biology....   [tags: European History, Transmission Plague]
:: 1 Works Cited
1032 words
(2.9 pages)
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Electronic Transmission Standards - Electronic Transaction Standards The protocols for sending and receiving ‘private’ information over the internet are ever changing. In the healthcare industry, particularly, privacy is a key issue. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPPA), requires the Department of Health and Human Resources (HH S) to adopt standards that must be used when conducting certain health care administrative transactions electronically, such as insurance claims and responses (Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Services [CMS])....   [tags: Technology]
:: 5 Works Cited
1117 words
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The Benefits of Continuously Variable Transmissions (CVT) - Introduction We are constantly searching for ways to perform the tasks essential to our lifestyle in ways that have a smaller impact on the environment. In the United States cars are exceedingly common, nearly twenty percent of American households own three or more vehicles (U.S. Department of Energy Web). These vehicles are also one of the largest contributors to our impact on the environment. The majority of cars use automatic transmissions, although not very efficient, they offer convenience of not shifting gears....   [tags: transportation, vehicles, ]
:: 11 Works Cited
1949 words
(5.6 pages)
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Convolutional Coding - Overview: Convolutional codes(CC) are a very fast a unique method of encoding a message. They differ from other codes we have discussed in class, because most codes send a message and multiple parity check digits. These codes include but are not limited to, Hamming Codes, Parity Check codes, and Reed-Solomon codes and many others. Instead of transmitting the message and parity bits, Convolutional codes only transmit parity bits. This allows for a more accurately received message as the errors that would occur in transmission are easily detected, as well as having a smaller chance of occurring....   [tags: technology, parity bits, data transmission]
:: 5 Works Cited
1112 words
(3.2 pages)
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AIDS Transmission and Research - The Homosexual Question Review: The AIDS Cover-Up. by Gene Antonio. Ignatius Press: San Francisco, 1987. AIDS, the acronym for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, is a controversial venereal disease. It is best known for producing an inability of the body’s immune system to ward off infections. AIDS is 100% fatal, often within five years after symptoms first appear. There is no medical cure for AIDS. The disease was first noticed as a plague among male homosexuals, and now has been known to have been transmitted to others....   [tags: essays research papers] 1299 words
(3.7 pages)
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How to Replace a AOD with a Ford T5 Transmision - How to Replace a AOD with a Ford T5 Transmision Is your AOD giving you trouble. Want to get rid of that sludge box forever. Why don't you do an AOD to T5 swap. Finally, a place where you can get the low down on exactly what it takes to convert from an AOD to a Ford T5 transmission, step by step. First, lets look at what you'll need for the conversion. Note: The parts listed are for a T5 or T5Z transmission. Swapping to an aftermarket tranny (example: TKO, 3550, T56, etc.) will require a slightly different list of parts....   [tags: Papers] 1382 words
(3.9 pages)
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Managing and Controlling the Risks Associated With the Transmissions of Blood Borne Viruses in the Health Care Setting - Introduction ‘Control of Hospital Infection’ 4th ed. defines bloodborne virus infection as: ‘Where the blood contains infectious agents that can be transferred into the body of another person giving rise to infection’ (1). Bloodborne viruses can pose an important risk to healthcare workers. The biggest risks lies with contracting HIV, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C (2). These particular infections have the ability to cause asymptomatic and symptomatic infections. The biggest risk in the hospital is the exposure to blood borne viruses....   [tags: Safety Procedures, Bodily Fluids]
:: 28 Works Cited
2501 words
(7.1 pages)
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Routers - TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction …………………………………………………………………………2 Router Architecture …………………………….……….…………………………3 Basic Building Blocks ……………………………………………………………………………………………..3 Physical Components………………………………………………………………………………………………5 Router Architecture Classification …………………………………………7 First Generation……………………………………………………………………………………………………..7 Second Generation …….…………………………………………………………………………………………..8 Third Generation……..……………………………………………………………………………………………..9 Switching Architecture …………………………………………………………11 Output Queuing……………………………………………………………………………………………………..12 Input Queuing ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….12...   [tags: computer technology, data transmission]
:: 8 Works Cited
3042 words
(8.7 pages)
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Differences in Telecommunication Terms - This paper will attempt to define and contrast the following terms: a. Synchronous and asynchronous b. Analog and digital c. XON and XOFF d. Simplex and duplex e. Serial and parallel transmission f. Baseband and broadband g. Serial Line Internet Protocol (SLIP) and Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) h. Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and File Transfer Protocol (FTP) i. Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and Internet Protocol (IP) It will also contain a brief description and analysis of the OSI layers that are used with the TCP/IP protocol stack....   [tags: essays research papers] 2008 words
(5.7 pages)
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Internet Protocol Security (IPSec) for Backbones - Abstract : Internet Protocol version 6(Pv6) is the advanced version of the IPv4 protocol and both of these protocols are part of TCP/IP suite.TCP/IP is the only protocol for transmission of data over the internet As the internet is not secure place for transmission of secure and confidential information (packets) So to protect this information over the non secure channels(internet ) the IPSec was introduced .IPSec is the worldly know standard for the secure transmission over the internet . IPSec is mandatory for IPv6 and optional for IPv4 deployments .But as the IPsec provides authentication, confidentiality and integrity of the internet protocol (IP) packets but it slows down the transmi...   [tags: Technology, Networking] 1210 words
(3.5 pages)
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Data Communications - Introduction When electronic devices transfer information to another electronic device, the devices need to know when data flow is beginning and ending. This is done with signals for synchronization.i This report will describe the two forms of data communications in terms of the physical interfaces and modes of operation. It will describe the features of data communications equipment in relation to synchronous and asynchronous communication including modems, network terminating units and sending and receiving equipment....   [tags: Information Technology]
:: 11 Works Cited
1388 words
(4 pages)
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Challenges in Wireless Sensor Networks - Abstract One of the major challenges in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) deployment is to decrease sensor node's energy consumption to prolong the lifetime of the finite-capacity batteries. Using multihop has been viewed as one of the main techniques to prolong operational lifetime in wireless sensor networks. In this paper we offer a study on transmission power control in IEEE 802.15.4 multihop wireless sensor networks using typical Telosb platform parameters, which is IEEE 802.15.4 standard compliant....   [tags: engineering] 1807 words
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Networking and Telecommunication: Ethernet: LAN and Unshielded Twisted-Pair (UTP) - ABC, Inc. is continuing to expand and is planning to add another set of offices spanning several floors in the building. The company has requested advice for speed and transmission medium, equipment compatibility and limitations, IP Structure, along with the advantages and disadvantages of VoIP. The company is currently 200 employees and expects to increase to 350 within the next year. There is a mix of strictly in house employees, and roughly 70 who are laptop users and travel frequently. The company currently occupies a single floor of a multi-story office building and is expecting to add offices spanning several additional floors....   [tags: Networking architecture, fiber optic]
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The Public Health Triad - Introduction The role of public health in our society cannot be underestimated. The main goal of public health is to prevent and control diseases with the aim of promoting health. Humans contribute to this health promotion. However, human actions are also responsible to some detrimental health effects. Human behavior through habitat modification has led to the emergence of infectious diseases “Modification of natural habitats by humans is a leading cause of emerging zoonoses” (Battle, 2009, P 32)....   [tags: Public Safety]
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Comparison of BMW and Mercedes Benz - Comparison of BMW and Mercedes Benz      The most popular car of this century are the Mercedes Benz and the BMW. Many different cars in the world dont campare to at least half of what a Mercedes Benz and a BMW are. Two specific cars are the 2000 BMW M 2-door Coupe 3.2L, 2000 BMW X5 sports activity vehicle 4-door sport utility 4.4L, 2000 Mercedes-Benz CLK 430 2- door Coupe 4.3L, and the 2000 Mercedes-Benz SLK 230 Kompressor 2-door convertible 2.3L. In this report I will be tlaking about these specific types of Mercedes-Benz and BMW....   [tags: Compare Contrast Cars Essays] 852 words
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sequential gearboxes - Running Head: SEQUENTIAL GEARBOXES Abstract This paper will discuss the technology of sequential gearboxes. Relatively new technology, the sequential gearbox has been applied mostly in ATV’s, motorcycles, and the automobile racing industry. Recently this technology has begun to reach passenger cars. There are three main points of discussion; the workings of a manual transmission, how a sequential gearbox works and the advantages of them, and the applications of it today. The sequential gearbox is extremely revolutionary and is only used in high-end passenger cars, but maybe one day it will be a luxury the majority of the population will be able to experience....   [tags: essays research papers] 1661 words
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Concept of Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) - Concept of Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) Voice over Internet Protocol, commonly known as VoIP, is a technology used for the transmission of voice information using the Internet Protocol (IP). VoIP allows the sending of voice information in a digital form using packets as opposed to the traditional circuit-committed protocols of the Public Switched Telephone network (PSTN). Traditionally when one wishes to make a phone call, a call is placed using a telephone that is connected to a circuit-switched network....   [tags: essays research papers] 938 words
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The Importance of Communication - Communication is the circulation of material via two people whereas one person is the sender and the other is the receiver. The importance of communication is how the sender expresses the intended message and how the receiver comprehends the material. Communication is an important part of any affiliation whether business related or part of our personal lives. Any way you communicate whether it is verbal, nonverbal, written, or visual communication certain things can happen in the transmission phase that can make the presentation effective, ineffective, positive, or negative....   [tags: message, dialect, non verbal interaction]
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How Can New Media Help Enhance the Spread of Local Pop Culture? - ... More people can be connected by the new media to pop culture owing to the rapid development of social networking websites. According to a study conducted by the conScore (2013), found that over 80% of the Internet users in North America and Europe are user of social networking websites, which shown the popularity of social networking websites. As the social networking websites act as a platform that linked people around the world together, once pop culture is spread, a large number of people can be received....   [tags: communication technology, ]
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Voluntary Testing for Pregnant Women - Voluntary Testing for Pregnant Women During the past decade, the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has become a leading cause of mortality among women. This population is now accounting for the most rapid increase in cases of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in recent years. As the numbers of cases of HIV infection have increased among women, particularly of childbearing age, increasing numbers of children have become infected as well. "Various studies conducted to date indicate that between 1/4 and 1/3 of infants born worldwide to women infected with HIV have become infected with the virus themselves" (HIV InSite, 1997)....   [tags: Pregnancy Birth Papers]
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Energy Efficient Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET) - 1. INTRODUCTION A Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET) is a self-configuring infrastructure less network of mobile devices connected by wireless. In a MANET each and every node is free to move in any direction, and hence change its links to other nodes frequently. All the nodes cooperatively maintain network connectivity without the aid of any fixed infrastructure units. Each node has a routing function whereby it communicates by forwarding packets via intermediate nodes. If two nodes are within the transmission range of each other, they communicate directly....   [tags: technology, algorithms, nodes]
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Hacking Continuous Glucose Monitors - Hacking Continuous Glucose Monitors Diabetes is a disease in which the body has a shortage of insulin, a decreased ability to use insulin, or both. People with this disease have to administer a synthetic insulin replacement into the body to regulate and stabilize their blood-sugar level. The traditional insulin delivery method is through injection by a needle and syringe. Determining when to introduce insulin into the body requires frequent blood tests (poking the finger). An alternative to this method uses a Continuous Glucose Monitor (CGM) with a wireless sensor attached to a wire inserted into body tissue to measure electrical elements of fluids....   [tags: Computer Science, Security]
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Hybrid Technology and Regenerative Braking - In today’s society there is new automotive technology emerging. This new technology is called hybrid technology and regenerative braking. Both of these are designed to improve the world we live in and to make our lives easier, but their main purpose is to increase mileage and reduce emissions in vehicles to meet federal government requirements. To achieve this manufacturers have designed a vehicle that runs off electric power, this vehicle is called a hybrid. To make this new technology more efficient the vehicle uses regenerative braking to charge its battery while driving and consequently keeps the vehicle traveling farther....   [tags: technology, automobiles]
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Architecture for Statistical Multiplexer - Introduction Twenty-first century communications will be dominated by intelligent high-speed information networks. The rapid growth of high-speed networks has led to many technological as well as social developments. As the networks supporting these services shift from the experimental phase to commercial operation, the pricing of limited resources will become an important problem. In this paper, statistical Multiplexer with QOS parameter control is implemented using VLSI design technologies. In communications systems by far the most common form of multiplexing is that of time division multiplexing (TDM)....   [tags: VLSI,flow chat,QOS]
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A Brief History of the Hybrid Vehicle - Brief History of Hybrid Vehicle Development First built in the early 1900s by inventors tinkering with combinations of the electric motor and the gasoline engine, hybrid vehicles were dropped when gasoline-fueled vehicles became more reliable and easier to start, and gasoline fuel more readily available. Research and development of hybrid vehicles was revived by concern about oil dependency in the1970s and about air pollution in the late 1980s. A number of hybrid vehicles have been built and tested since 1980....   [tags: essays research papers] 2510 words
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The Open System Interconection Seven Layers - Intro The Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) reference model has significantly influenced the development of internet protocol we use today. Created in the 1980’s by the International Standards Organization (ISO), a multinational body dedicated to worldwide agreement on international standards, this reference model has defined the entire network communication process into seven structured layers. In ascending order these layers are the physical, data link, network, transport, session, presentation, and application layers....   [tags: internet protocol, layer function, standards]
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The Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Safe Sex Behavior among Sex Workers - ‘It’ first appeared in 1981 in the United States of America. Since then ‘it’ has only grown larger and by the end of year 2006, some 1,106,400 people in US were living with ‘it’ and around 21% were undiagnosed. Some 56,300 people become infected with ‘it’ in 2006 alone. ‘It’ killed 14,561 people in the US and its dependent areas in 2007 and some 583,298 people have succumbed to ‘it’ as of 2007 in US and the death toll is rising every passing day. (CDC. HIV Prevalence Estimates—United States, 2006....   [tags: argumentative, persuasive]
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The Traffic Congestion Factors and Traffic Flow Simulation Model - Traffic Flow Model Introduction After studying traffic flow model in CEE 310, it is interested to me. As a result, I research more information about the traffic congestion factors and traffic flow simulation model. The traffic flow could be investigated by observing traffic phenomena in real life traffic situations and understanding the traffic phenomena based on traffic flow system. It is the study of interaction between drivers, vehicles, and infrastructure. Understanding traffic flow models can aim developing a better road network with minimal traffic congestion problem and efficient movement of traffic....   [tags: traffic phenomena, pathways]
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The Effects of Western Colonisation on Aborigines - For over 200 years Aborigines have endured a long history of suffering due to the adverse effects of western colonisation; in its attempt for cultural assimilation and to which has caused catastrophic consequences within individuals and the community as a whole. The extent and persistence of suppression inflicted upon the indigenous communities have severely disrupted the culture, which has not only made it susceptible to trauma, but can also trigger other catastrophic symptoms, which then lead to the transmission and intergenerational transmission of such behaviours or maladaptive coping strategies amongst its members....   [tags: Aborigines vs Western Culture]
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Unified Wire Concepts - Typical data centers support up to three separate network types based on the applications and functionality they provide. Ethernet based network, the most popular, handles IP and LAN based traffic. Fibre based networks are used for delivering lossless based traffic commonly used in Storage Area Networks (SAN). In some cases where high performance computing is utilized, data centers use InfiniBand (a technology utilized to interconnect server I/O subsystems to increase performance above PCI bandwidth speeds) for interprocess communication between servers....   [tags: Computer Science]
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Check Digit Schemes - In an age when information is increasingly transmitted through electronic formats, maintaining the accuracy of information is crucial. Whether this information is as simple as a book loaned by a library or as important as a banking account number, maintaining consistency during information transmission is critical to preventing monetary or organizational errors. To maintain consistency in various information transfers, check digit schemes based on number theory are used to dectect when errors occur....   [tags: Mathematics]
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Wireless Protocols - Wireless Protocols As with all data transmission technologies, protocols govern the manner in which information is transferred between stations. A protocol is simply an agreed upon standard that all parties use to ensure that different devices can communicate with each other. Wireless protocols can be discussed on their own, and where they fit in the OSI protocol suite. For the sake of clarity, we will limit our discussion to wireless network implementations. Wireless protocols typically reside in layers 1 and 2, the application and presentation layers, respectively, of the OSI model....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Networking And Telecommunication Terms - Circuit Switching Circuit switching dominates the public switched telephone network or PSTN. Network resources set up calls over the most efficient route. That might mean a call from New York to San Francisco goes through switching centers in San Diego, Chicago, and Saint Louis. But no matter how convoluted the route, that path or circuit stays the same throughout the call. Got it. One call, one circuit. It's like having a dedicated railroad track with only one train, your call, permitted on the track at a time....   [tags: Internet] 915 words
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An Investigation to Show How Water Temperature and Alcohol Concentration Affect Membrane Permeability - An Investigation to Show How Water Temperature and Alcohol Concentration Affect Membrane Permeability Aim The aim of the experiment is to show the cell’s membrane permeability is affected by being placed into different temperatures of water. Also the effect of placing beetroot in to different concentrations of alcohol. Beetroot cells contain a red sap, which leaks out of the cells if their membranes are damaged or altered. Cell membranes are made up of a bilayer of phospholipids, which also contains proteins....   [tags: Biology Lab Report]
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Multiple Access Relay Network - We consider a multiple access relay network where each source transmit channel coded packets, relay decode the transmitted packet, generate network coded parity symbol, and retransmit it. We assume the relay has multiple antennas, so relay to destination link is MIMO channel. We consider two MIMO transmission mode at the relay, spatial multiplexing (SM) and beamforming as transmit diversity (TD), and assume that the relay use different network coding scheme depending on the MIMO transmission mode....   [tags: Technology, Network] 654 words
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The Plasmodium Paradox - Malaria rather paradoxically seems to invest few resources in gametocyte (the reproductive and transmissible stage) production. Mathematical modeling is used to explore how this reproductive restraint can be evolutionarily adaptive. Where in-host strain competition appears to be the key driving force. Malaria cases a vast amount of mortality and morbidity, claiming in the order of one million lives every year mostly in sub-Saharan Africa. As such it is perhaps one of the most deadly of infectious diseases plaguing populations today....   [tags: Research Analysis ]
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How Monetary Policy Worked in Japan: Was it as Effective in Practice as in Theory? - Presently, most countries adopt financial policies in order to improve their economic and social conditions. However, those policies differ as there is not a policy that could be applied for every country. Monetary policy is one of the most widely used ones. The policy is usually implemented by the central bank. It uses an interest rate transmission mechanism in order to achieve its aims. According to Lipsey (2007), one of the main aims of the central bank is to control inflation. Although in theory the monetary policy is likely to succeed, in real life it is not always the case as it was with Japan in 1990s....   [tags: Economics ]
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Ebola One of the Most Deadly Diseases of the New Age - One of the most deadly diseases of the new age, basically has the same properties of a microwave and is able to liquefy the human body from the inside out. This disease is known as the Ebola hemorrhagic fever, also known as (EHF). EHF first was recorded in Sudan and Zaire in Africa. The initial recording of the virus infected 284 with a high mortality rate of 53%. The initial reservoir or transportation of the virus was not identified as the second outbreak occurred in Zaire, Africa in 1976, with a mortality rate of 88%....   [tags: virus, Africa, EHF, health]
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Main Functionalities of the Data Link Layer in Computer Networks - Introduction In the OSI model of computer networking, the data link layer is layer two of seven and corresponds to the host-to-network layer of the TCP/IP reference model. Its main aim is to reliably transfer data between two adjacent machines whilst efficiently detecting and correcting errors in transmission. Packets from the network layer are packed into frames and transferred to the network layer on another machine. Data link layer protocols respond to the network layer and issue requests to the physical layer....   [tags: Computer Science]
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Asynchronous Transfer Mode - Asynchronous Transfer Mode Asynchronous Transfer Mode(ATM) is a "high-speed transmission protocol in which data blocks are broken into small cells that are transmitted individually and possibly via different routes in a manner similar to packet-switching technology". In other words, it is a form of data transmission that allows voice, video and data to be sent along the same network. In the past, voice, video and data were transferred using separate networks: voice traffic over the phone, video over cable networks and data over an internetwork....   [tags: ] 1100 words
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