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Liberation Theology - Arising out recent class discussion topics touching on the ideas of James Cone’s ideas on Liberation Theology and the relationship between the Cross and the Lynching Tree, our group decided to focus the topic of our presentation around Liberation Theology. However, in order to create a counter argument to stimulate further discourse, we introduced the Theology of Prosperity, as an opposing theological concept, to our presentation. Hence, we came up with the topic of Liberation Theology vs. Theology of Prosperity....   [tags: Theology] 1064 words
(3 pages)
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Reformed Theology - ... After Luther’s attempt at reformation in the Catholic Church believers are introduced to humanist Ulrich Zwingli who had similar views to Luther but had better positive reasons as to why he believed what he believed. Zwingli was more secure to religious aspects or practices being simpler for the believer opposed to being too much. Zwingli felt sacraments limited the freedom of the spirit. For him, “the material elements, and the physical actions that accompany them, can be no more than signs or symbols of spiritual reality.” (Gonzalez, pg....   [tags: Theology ]
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(3.9 pages)
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The Theology Behind The Suffering of Job - ... Their theological misinterpretation is a hindrance to Job. Scripture teaches that believers are to trust God’s perfect purpose in His actions, realizing His thoughts and ways are beyond human comprehension (Isa. 55:8-9). Second, through Job’s suffering, God is perfecting Job’s faith. Although the Bible declares Job “righteous,” he is far from sinless. Although Job is a godly man and careful in his worship and actions, he - like all men - is sinful. Job is the greatest man among all living in the East and has developed pride....   [tags: Theology]
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1337 words
(3.8 pages)
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Theology - ... Analysing contemporary culture to portray an image of God was analysing ‘God is a DJ’ by Pink. We can relate this song to 21st century generations as we live in a society where music has a predominant place and it is a great way to relate theology to contemporary times. My interpretation is that it is by choice the way you view God and Pink’s song is poetic in that the DJ is God and the DJ manipulates/mixes music as can God. Other key concepts explored were Theism when someone believes that God exists and Atheism when someone believes that God does not exist....   [tags: Religion] 1171 words
(3.3 pages)
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Theology - ... Cheap grace is grace without discipleship, grace without the cross, grace without Jesus Christ, living and incarnates (47)." Grace is dear and costly. With costly grace, a man must give up his life to follow Christ. Grace is dear because it cost the Son of God his life, but it is grace because God did not count this too great a cost. Cheap grace only arose due to the secularization of the Church and the due to the world becoming Christianized. Even though cheap grace kept rising, this does not mean that costly grace was becoming extinct; it was not....   [tags: Religion, Dietrich Bonhoeffer] 2346 words
(6.7 pages)
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Understanding Liberation Theology - Understanding Liberation Theology Daniel Levine's Popular Voices in Latin American Catholicism fills our minds with age old questions and yet provides us with the information needed to answer these questions. Throughout his writings, though obviously more concentrated in Chapter two, Levine unveils the history and worth of what is called liberation theology. Though Levine details the uses and importance of this lesser known religious outlook, I believe he does a better job of allowing us to very much understand the central ideas, beliefs, methods, and history of the liberation theology....   [tags: Daniel Levine Theology] 971 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Theology, Christology and Pneumatology of The Book of Revelation - ... Likewise, Jesus declares, “I am the first and the last” (1:17) as well as “I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end” (22:13). The collusion of identity within these two titles, especially through the shared title of God in verse 21:6 and Jesus in verse 22:13, is evidence of a situating of Christ within the divinity of God, while retaining the monotheistic belief in one divine being. Another example expressing the understanding of Christ’s ontological divinity is the way in which Jesus is seen as a recipient of worship within the text....   [tags: The Bible, Theology]
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1751 words
(5 pages)
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An empathic God: Moltmann's cross-centered theology - ... suffered not, because the Word, being by nature God, is impassible.”4 Likewise, John of Damascus says, “He was crucified in the flesh, suffered in the flesh, and died in the flesh, while His divinity remained unaffected.”5 It was Martin Luther, perhaps, who came closest to saying that God somehow died. He says, “The death of the man with whom God is one Thing or Person is justly called the death of God... God is crucified for us.”6 The theological position that God neither suffers nor experiences pain or pleasure is deeply influenced by Greek philosophical categories....   [tags: Christian Theology]
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1447 words
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what is theology - What is theology. What does it explain if anything. According to the encyclopedia, it is related to the Greek Religion. In Christianity, the systematic study of the nature of God and God's relationship with humanity and with the world. Although other religions may be said to have theologies, this is a matter of controversy within, for instance, Judaism , which holds that God is unknowable. This article will therefore confine itself to Christian theology. The development of theology in Christendom arose from the need for educated Christians of the ancient world to express their ideas in terminology familiar in current thought....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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984 words
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Liberation Theology - Liberation Theology Liberation theology is situational. The emergence of liberation theology and the interpretation of the Bible under liberation theology stems directly to the participants place in society. As the title suggests, liberation theology interprets the Bible as a document of hope that will give strength and validity to a struggle against an oppressor. Liberation theology rises out of a new political consciousness. The oppressed people have to realize they are oppressed and that the Bible text can be used as a tool to overcome their oppressors....   [tags: Essays Papers] 634 words
(1.8 pages)
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Brueggemann's Bridge Between Form Criticism of The Psalms, Theology and Spirituality - Brueggemann's Bridge Between Form Criticism of The Psalms, Theology and Spirituality ‘Form Criticism' of the Psalms has been around for less than a hundred years. Prior to 1920's study use of the Psalms was pretty much limited to a ‘historical-critical' approach and a ‘Christological' approach. That is – the establishing of who wrote what and why and the reading of psalms within the context of ‘Christ', respectively. To fully appreciate how Brueggemann builds these bridges between form criticism, theology and spirituality we will first look at a basic understanding of the foundations of form criticism onto which Brueggemann offered his new schema....   [tags: Theology Religion ] 1591 words
(4.5 pages)
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Black Theology - The development of Black Theology in the United was one that shocked the nation as a whole. While in slavery, Blacks had to sneak and hold church services. This was partly because Whites felt that Blacks were not able to be accepted into heaven, and they believed that once one as a Christian they could no longer be enslaved. So to appease their conscience they would not allow Blacks to take part in theology. Due to these issues Black Theology soon originated within the United States. The origination of Black Theology was only cracked open by the idea of slave theology....   [tags: Religion] 1507 words
(4.3 pages)
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Liberation Theology - Liberation Theology I see [liberation theology] as a 'theology of the people,' rather than of professional theologians; rising out of the cries of the oppressed; refined in the experience of those who may not even be able to read and write; clarified in thousands of base communities; embodied in lives that risk everything to be faithful to the good news that God hears their cry, sides with them in their distress, and works with them for liberation- a liberation in which they play a central role even while recognizing that the ultimate attainment of liberation will be God's gift....   [tags: Literature Literary Essays]
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790 words
(2.3 pages)
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Theology in Hymns - Hopefully when one sings or hears a hymn or praise chorus they will be able to recognize biblical and theological themes. In the two songs that I have chosen the imagery is present and powerful. These two songs are among my favorites and hopefully I will do them justice within this paper. The words to "How Great Thou Art" are about experience and events; past, present, and future. It tells of what God has created and sustained, how salvation comes about, and what will happen in the end. This hymn starts on earth and ends in heaven....   [tags: Music] 379 words
(1.1 pages)
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Theology of Revelation - ... This facet of the Trinity will be given the most detailed study in this essay as more is said about it in Revelation and it is both mysterious and cements the gospel of Jesus Christ within the last book of the canonical Bible. Bauckham states that, “the importance of John’s extraordinary high Christology for the message of Revelation is that it makes absolutely clear that what Christ does, God does.” John selects carefully each word that is used in his book, his mastery is clear to see. He has no need to define his Christology but he gets the reader to view the literature through his lens with subtle images and words....   [tags: Scripture Analysis ]
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2360 words
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Theology of the Hammer - Theology of the Hammer In order for us as a society to move forward, I believe that we must adapt the same central ideas that Habitat for Humanity implements. The mission for Habitat for Humanity simply is to eliminate poverty housing by partnering with families to build and renovate houses. They implement "Matching the Word with Deed" (Fuller 21). I feel that this is important because preaching the good word of God is not the only way to help people, as there are many forms of doing God's work....   [tags: Essays Papers] 395 words
(1.1 pages)
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The World as Will as Theology - The World as Will as Theology "The Absolute is its appearances; it really is." ... Bradley "And look at everyone — it's in them all" ["Und sieh dir andre an: es ist in allen"] ... Rilke It is interesting to view Schopenhauer's teaching of the world as Wille as a theology. In this light Schopenhauer can be considered an 'atheist' only from a narrow perspective.* Schopenhauer's theology, as a Western monist/monotheist view based on Eastern thought, offers an alternative both to atheism and to Western/Middle Eastern monotheism (Judaism, Christianity, Islam)....   [tags: Religion Religious Essays]
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4740 words
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Theology Response - Theology Response I vividly remember walking down the aisle during my 8th graduation. The ceremony had just ended and I was proceeding to the cafeteria for dinner. Then all of a sudden, my grandpa, who has always been relatively close to me, pulled me aside. He whispered into my ear the key to life. "Work like you don't need the money, love like you've never been hurt, and dance like you do when nobody's watching." However, as high school progressed, I seemed to have forgotten this advice. I have focused my attention on attaining wealth for the mere eminence of it....   [tags: Papers] 381 words
(1.1 pages)
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Theology of The Matrix - Theology of The Matrix Reality, it is a concept that many struggle with. What is reality. What is real. No one really knows. The nature of life is the greatest mystery of all time. For centuries, the question of purpose and meaning has been one of humanity's driving forces. Why are we here. What are we meant to do. We live our lives, day after day, in what we call the real world. But, what if, as in The Matrix, reality is fiction. In The Matrix, reality is a world of the future, when our greatest accomplishments, are our greatest failures....   [tags: Papers] 372 words
(1.1 pages)
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Feminist Theology - 3Write what you know, the pundits say, and I agree, we are conditioned to take the road less traveled by with only the different drummer to keep us company. As a student, I often find myself stumbling around in the theological woods, feeling lost, losing hope and ending up with mud everywhere, but especially on my face. However, the journey, while it lasts, is more interesting than the interstate highway of common knowledge; it certainly has a way of keeping complacency at bay. For me, that seed has often been something theological....   [tags: essays research papers] 531 words
(1.5 pages)
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Catholic Theology Essay Highlights - *Sense experiences/depth experiences: not limited by the empirical data-the really “real” is not necessarily able to be seen. *Religious Experience (depth experience): Not just a sense experience, an experience that causes people to change, always touches on the “other” (the transcendent)-that which goes beyond our understanding (anything that we can come up with) (ie..who can really explain the sunset?). *Orthopraxis (Right-practice): The process of doing the right things. *Orthodoxy: Believing the right thing....   [tags: essays research papers] 2377 words
(6.8 pages)
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Black Liberation Theology - Black Liberation Theology can be defined as the relationship that blacks have with god in their struggle to end oppression. It sees god as a god of history and the liberator of the oppressed from bondage. Black Liberation theology views God and Christianity as a gospel relevant to blacks who struggle daily under the oppression of whites. Because of slavery, blacks concept of God was totally different from the masters who enslaved them. White Christians saw god as more of a spiritual savior, the reflection of God for blacks came in the struggle for freedom by blacks....   [tags: African American Studies] 1822 words
(5.2 pages)
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Nietzsche and the Death of God Theology - Nietzsche and the Death of God Theology Missing Works Cited Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) was perhaps best known for pronouncing that “God is dead. God remains dead. And we have killed him!” (Nietzsche, The Gay Science 388). Thinkers of the death of God theology of the American 1960s such as Thomas Altizer insisted that “we must recognize that the death of God is a historical event: God has died in our time, in our history, in our existence” (Christian Atheism 61). Although these two conceptions of the death of God differed, they had several aspects in common: they faced opposition, they thought religion was a product of human necessity, they acknowledged the importance of coexisting opposites, they expressed a certain humanism and interest in individuality, they saw God and religion as products partially of human influence, and they saw that Christianity diminished to a nominalistic existence....   [tags: Religion Papers] 2138 words
(6.1 pages)
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Theology 1 summary - Introduction The following pages are my best attempt at writing my very first major project. I pray that it will contain the truth of what God had me learn at the Churches of God retreat center in January of this year. Although my notes seem extensive, it’s virtually impossible to literate all that was taught and shared during this class. However, Dr. Statts, I have confidence that these pages may express at least a hint of your spellbinding teachings. Upon returning to my home church in Dover, Pennsylvania, I asked my senior pastor and my mentor, the worship pastor, for any input and / or materials they may have to help me with this final project....   [tags: essays research papers fc] 8319 words
(23.8 pages)
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Exploring the Validity of Natural Theology - Exploring the Validity of Natural Theology The thought processes that underlie Creationism and Evolution are undoubtedly very different. The fundamentalists of the former school of thought adhere to the Biblical tenet that divine creation in six days is responsible for environmental diversity, whereas evolutionists have repeatedly stated that the universe was created billions of years ago and is in a constant state of fluctuation. At first glance, these accounts of life on Earth seem incompatible—the creationists base their beliefs purely on faith and explain their surroundings based on that conclusion, while scientists work in the opposite direction by asking questions first and make systematic observations that have resulted from their propositions (Moore 5-6)....   [tags: Philosophy Essays]
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The Elimination of Natural Theology - The Elimination of Natural Theology ABSTRACT: The dispute between fideists and rationalists seems intractable since those who argue for faith alone claim that they are offended by the use of reason in religion. The advocates of reason claim that they are equally offended by the appeal to faith. This dispute may be resolved by showing that those who rely on faith may be seen as engaging in an experiment of living, so they can become part of a rational experiment without having to alter their practice; in contrast, those who use reason to justify religion can be seen as addressing a spiritual need....   [tags: Religion Religious Theological Papers]
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3299 words
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A Theology of Fly Fishing - A Theology of Fly Fishing I have been fishing as long as I can remember. It has been a pursuit, an adventure, a call, a metaphor, a meditation, and a coping mechanism. Being a young boy in the 1960s and 70s, reading Thor Heyerdahl adventures and watching Jacques Cousteau, National Geographic, and astronauts orbiting the earth and walking on the moon on television, the spirit of adventure and the wonder of the natural world were the air I breathed. Moreover, my family was of a religious bent where my sisters and I were more likely to be told to be quiet and pay attention on a nature walk than in church....   [tags: Religion God Christianity Papers]
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3188 words
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The Theology of St. Augustine - ... Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1985. Davidson, R. Philipp II. August von Frankreich und Ingeborg. Stuttgart, 1888. Deferror, Roy J, ed. The Fathers of the Church: A New Translation, introduction. New York: Fathers of the Church, INC, 1955. Dixon, Suzanne. The Roman Family. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992. Duby, Georges. Rural Economy and Country Life in the Medieval West. trans. Cynthia Postan. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1976. Duncan-Jones, R....   [tags: Religion]
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947 words
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Theology Case Study - Theology Case Study The word Euthanasia is a term applied to 'mercy killing.' For the purpose of putting an end to extreme suffering, or saving abnormal babies, the mentally ill or the incurably sick from the prolongation, perhaps for many years, of a miserable life, which could impose too heavy a burden on their families or on society. Euthanasia is considered a highly controversial subject, and really brings the reality of the society we live in today, into the limelight....   [tags: Papers] 644 words
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Wang's Theology on Christian Living - ... Wang is an outspoken fundamentalist in the Chinese churches. The central doctrine of Wang’s theology was regeneration in Christ, upon which Christianity stands or falls. He insisted the inerrant bible as the authority for all Christian doctrine and Christian life. He delineated the justification and sanctification phases of salvation, preaching that a person is justified only by faith, yet the integrity of the believer became the fruits of one’s sanctified life. He often challenged believers to live out lives of personal virtue, which was not a popular position then....   [tags: Theologians ]
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1694 words
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Theology - How does Christ demonstrate he would remain sacramentally present to the community in the ritual of the Last Supper. At the Last Supper, which is also known as the sacred meal Jesus spoke to his disciples with the outmost amount of trust. He let them know through his words that he would be a part or one with them through anything. He actually said to them he would remain in their human lives no matter what. This meant that Jesus would be with them whether he was alive or dead. These disciples were his twelve closest friends....   [tags: essays research papers] 693 words
(2 pages)
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Theology - ... 5:3) which seems to indicate that Luke's material is closer to the original.[Lohfink, 35]{Based on the textual criticism principle that expansions are due to a scribe's perceived need to further explain the content. Additionally, Nolland points to the presence of more agricultural material in Matthew and believes that this type of content is more original and that Luke omitted it (Nolland, 292). This would probably serve the Gentile interests of Luke's audience better. Nolland does see the parallelism in vv....   [tags: Religion, Luke, Jesus] 896 words
(2.6 pages)
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Theology - ... Finally, Matthew’s version has an extended summary before the content of the actual teaching to emphasize the moment in salvation history. Both evangelists seem to “oscillate” between the disciples and the people which Lohfink understands as intent to portray the ethics of the kingdom as primarily to the disciples but ultimately to apply to all Israel. Jesus had finished calling his disciples (Lk. 5 - 6) and retired to a mountain to pray. There he prayed overnight (6:12) before he chose the Twelve “whom he also designated as apostles.” (Lk....   [tags: Religion, Luke's Gospel] 2036 words
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The Main Aims and Messages of Feminist Theology - The Main Aims and Messages of Feminist Theology As Rosemary Radford Ruether said, "The critical principle of feminist theology is the promotion of the full humanity of women". The factors which take away women's humanity, which have been created by Patriarchal societies, are seen as not being true representations of the divine and the nature of the world. These implications are voiced throughout the bible, in the testament both Old and New and "Uses texts according to implicit or explicit assumptions about the normative development of Biblical faith"....   [tags: Papers] 426 words
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The Theology, Christology and Pneumatology of the Book of Revelation - ... Throughout the Book of Revelation, God is entitled with a number of divine names that reflect the eternal nature, heavenly rule, and future eschatological coming of the divine being. Names such as ‘the First and the Last’, ‘the One who is and who was and who is to come’, ‘the One seated upon the throne’ and ‘Alpha and Omega’ all attest to the nature of God as ever-being and everlasting and also as holding the true authority. This understanding in connection with the belief that heaven is the ‘sphere of ultimate reality’ , leads the reader to view the power and authority of Rome as merely an illusory attempt to claim the power and name of God....   [tags: The Bible]
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1244 words
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The Most Important Contribution to Eucharist Theology - The Most Important Contribution to Eucharist Theology The reconciliation of the physical world and faith has always been difficult, especially in regards to the Eucharist and accepting bread and wine to actually be the body and blood of Christ. Father Sergius Belgakov's The Holy Grail and the Eucharist examines the most important contribution to Eucharistic Theology by an Orthodox theologian. He insists on a "properly Christological" and Gospel-based interpretation of the sacrament, while acknowledging Thomas Aquinas' interpretations as well as the Aristotelian differentiation between substance and accident....   [tags: Papers] 592 words
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Theology And Education, Buber, Dialogue, And Metanoia - SUBJECT: Theology and Education, Buber, Dialogue, and Metanoia Alverson, J., Crossen, M. (2002). A Passion for the Impossible: How Theology Provides Insights on Education in General. Proceedings [of the] National Conference on Alternative and External Degree Programs for Adults, (pp. 44-59). Pittsburgh: ERIC. The full conference proceeding can be found at this website: http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/content_storage_01/0000019b/80/1b/30/55.pdf Article Summary and Synthesis This conference proceedings chapter proposes additional and different questions about the theological impact on the classroom and student where theology concerns itself with the direct subject of God and the discipline of the impossible/Unknown (Alverson, Crossen, 2002)....   [tags: Article Summary Analysis] 1723 words
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The Lion, the Witch, and the Theology of C.S. Lewis - ... And the humps move and swelled until they burst, and the crumbled earth poured out of them, and from each hump there came out an animal." (Lewis, 1988, p.105) Lewis further emphasizes animals throughout his narrative by using Aslan the lion as a God-like figure: "The Lion opened his mouth...he was breathing out a long, warm breath; it seemed to sway all the beasts as the wind sways a line of trees." (Lewis, 1988, p.108). This eluding to the concept of the life-giving breath of God the Father is directly related to an area of the book of Genesis which states: "The Lord God formed the man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being." (Gen 2:7)....   [tags: Literary Analysis]
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Oscar Romero, Liberation Theology and the Catholic Church - Oscar Romero, Liberation Theology and the Catholic Church In the post-World War II era, the globe was polarized by two idealistically divergent superpowers; the United States and the Soviet Union, two nations that strived to promote capitalism and communism, respectively, throughout the globe. Nowhere was this struggle more apparent than in developing countries with shaky political and economic backbones. Specifically, in Latin America the old, corrupt and often totalitarian regimes were threatened by grassroots liberation movements whose ideas of land reform and shaking up the status quo were often perceived as Marxism....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Plowing In Hope: Toward A Biblical Theology Of Culture - Plowing In Hope is a book that sets out to be a biblical theology of culture. It examines culture within its redemptive-historical context by beginning with the first two chapters of Genesis dealing with God's commands to Adam and Eve and then ending in Revelation with the disclosure of the New Jerusalem. David Bruce Hegeman, the author, defines culture as "the product of human acts of concretization undertaken in the developmental transformation of the earth according to the commandment of God." Hegeman wrote this book out of comments and encouragement from people in a pair of Sunday school classes he taught on Christianity and Culture....   [tags: Book Review Theological] 1485 words
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Theology and Weather - If one was to discuss weather with his neighbor I am sure certain questions would come up. Most of these will deal with rain or in the winter snow, but most questions usually regard something falling, or not falling, from the sky. I think bad weather is talked about more than good weather. During good weather most people just say, "this is good weather," and leave it at that. The Bible is not quiet on the subject of weather. All through the Bible there are stories of floods, droughts, earthquakes, famines, hail, thunder, lightning, wind, and storms....   [tags: Religion] 546 words
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Pilgrim's Progress: The Theology of Justification by Faith - The Pilgrim's Progress by John Bunyan tells the story of Christian, a deeply religious man whose self-imposed pilgrimage takes him through a variety of locations in his quest to reach Celestial City. However, to better understand Bunyan's perspective on Christianity as given in his novel, we must examine the life experiences of the author. Born in 1628, Bunyan lived in a time period that was undoubtedly heavily influenced by the Reformation movement incited by Martin Luther only a century earlier....   [tags: European Literature] 704 words
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Is Anti–Fundamentalism the Fundamentalism of the Anti-Fundamentalists? - ... By the 1910s some conservative American Christians has had enough of liberal theological changes in their churches and the "fundamentalist movement” was born. Their reaction was strong. If it is true that fundamentalist Christians are unable to deal with critical, liberal theology can it be equally true that Liberal Theology and society is equally unable to deal with any commitment to biblical authority and Scripture as a “norming norm”. Do we still observe a scenario of reactions and counter reactions....   [tags: Theology ]
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Christian Revelation - ... Most notably these are demonstrated in Psalm 19:1 and Romans 1:20 , but the point is especially clear in Act chapter 17, in which Paul identifies the ‘unknown God’ that the Athenians worshipped as, in fact, the God revealed in Jesus Christ . This understanding of revelation is summed up by John Calvin as the universal ‘sense of divinity’, and is generally considered, though there are dissenting viewpoints , as a valid but weak form of revelation as it primarily speaks to the existence of the divine and not clearly of the characteristics or nature of the God ....   [tags: Theology ]
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1684 words
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The Triune God - ... You see I'm living with my grandmother who I love dearly, but who happens to be a Jehovah's Witness. Which in case you don't know. They do not believe that Jesus is God or divine. Instead they believe that Jesus is literally the son of God, as in God created Jesus before anything else and then had Jesus create the rest. They believe that Jesus is the archangel Michael. Not cool. The Trinity in itself is easy to explain. Jesus is God. The Father is God. The Spirit is God. All three are God. All three however, are different persons....   [tags: Theology] 859 words
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Why is it more difficult to interpret Paul’s letters than it seems? - ... It also allows us to digest the letter as a whole (the same way we read letters and emails we receive today). This allows for us to see the sections of the letter and where the transitions are within its text. When these sections are observed (on multiple exposures) a clearer picture begins to emerge in the mind of the reader. (p 62) Why do Fee and Stuart stress the importance of “Think paragraphs”. What question do they stress you must ask over and over as you do. Fee and Stuart stress the importance to “think paragraphs” so we can trace the argument and explore the how and what of Paul’s writing contribute to the argument (p 65)....   [tags: Theology] 1187 words
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Wesley for the Armchair Theologians - ... 26, Abraham). This was a time of a drastic pyridine shift, which was transforming the very fabric of European society. The way that people looked at religion, politics, society, others and self were changing dramatically and at a rapid pace. This was the world in which Wesley lived and developed his theology of faith. There was the way in which other people saw and related to John Wesley. The following is a listing of those perceptions. 1. “Great exponent of personal religion, staying the course until he found God for himself at the famous Aldersgate meeting....   [tags: Theology]
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2320 words
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Karl Barth's Relational View of Imago Dei - ... “Humans are radically temporal beings,” and this restless finds no goal within life satisfying for long. Because of this tendency which lies within the human nature, it is obvious why one would stray or at least remain cautious in using language which denoted material terms about the image of God. As Migliore concludes, “Human life is oriented to and kept open by God’s promise of abundant and abiding life that cannot be seized and possessed but can only be received as a gift again and again.” According to Grenz, “Some scholars view the imago dei as involving the capacity for relationship with God....   [tags: Theology ]
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1866 words
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As Satan Watches - ... At the heart of the debate is if God elects certain people or if man chose God. Thousands of verses can be offered from both sides, and brilliant theologians can be quoted from either side of the line. Obviously the two are polar opposites, and are impossible to reconcile. Therefore, it would be easy to imagine that throughout history quarrels have sparked between the two sides. Three of the most eminent disputes are: Augustine and Pelagius, Luther and Erasmus, and Calvin and Arminius. In the 4th century A.D., Pelagius and Augustine’s differing thoughts collided into one another, creating one of the most influential debates to the field of the will....   [tags: Theology]
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1317 words
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Forsaken Promises - ... Therefore, since this time the church has existed in a parenthetical relationship with Israel and there is coming a day when Christ will come again for Israel. Ryrie writes, “The church is distinct because of who are included within the body (Jews and Gentiles), and it is distinct because of the new relationship of Christ indwelling the members of that body. Both of these are unique to the church and were not known or experienced by God’s people in Old Testament times.” In Old Testament times the promises of salvation was tied to the land, God blessed the land and all who dwelt in the land, however, in the dispensation of the church, the blessing is tied to faith in Christ....   [tags: Theology ]
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ROMANS AND THE CHRISTIAN WORLDVIEW - ... Where once man had peace with God and walked with God and knew God in a way that no man has known since, when Adam openly disobeyed God that shared communion was shattered and along with it, any hope of redemption outside of God’s ultimate plan. What then does Romans teach about sin. Ultimately, Paul teaches that the wages of sin is death (6:23). James Dunn includes these additional consequences; “Misdirected Religion,” “Self-Indulgence” and “Sins.” Of the four that Dunn lists, the easiest by far to understand would include the consequences of further sin or having a sin-nature and death....   [tags: Theology ]
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Roman Crucifixion practice and Jesus - ... The different postures were a often a form of a “grim joke”; sometimes, the victims were seen to be upside down, or seen to undergo genital mutilation, others burned serving as human “lamps by night”. Above the physical brutality, crucifixion also served to remove the dignity of the individual by the spectacle display of his body. Seneca among many preferred death by suicide than to die “limb by limb….[or] drop by drop”. Seneca within his description of crucifixion, makes a very similar image to that of the Jewish people....   [tags: Theology ] 1347 words
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Divided Christianity: What Went Wrong - ... It appeared like every effort to defend God or the scriptures resulted into further breakdowns or attacks on the Christian thought leading us to the question; what went wrong. Given that the intentions of the earlier scholars and theologians like Friedrich Schleiermacher was to defend the scriptures. II. WHAT WENT WRONG. Deviation from initial intentions Modern scientific theories like Darwinism led to secularism; the religion of humanity which does not acknowledge or give any credit to God nor allow His worship ....   [tags: Theology]
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What Went Wrong: Christianity Divided - ... It appeared like every effort to defend God or the scriptures resulted into further breakdowns or attacks on the Christian thought. Given that the intentions of the earlier scholars and theologians like Friedrich Schleiermacher was to defend the scriptures, this leads us to the question “what went wrong?” WHAT WENT WRONG. Deviation from initial intentions Modern scientific theories like Darwinism led to secularism, the religion of humanity that does not acknowledge or give any credit to God nor allow His worship....   [tags: Theology]
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A Statement on Original Sin - ... That is, if God holds us accountable for the sin Adam committed, then the exercise of our own free will must, in God’s sight, be of little or no consequence. This leads to the Augustinian belief in predestination — that who is saved and who is lost is determined entirely by God’s sovereign election, and no exercise of free will on our part plays a determining role in God’s decision. Also, since our free will has been made of no effect, there is no hope that we, outside God’s election, could ever overcome sin....   [tags: Theology] 581 words
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The Person of the Holy Spirit - ... It is a study that explores and examines the Person and the work of the Holy Spirit.” It has only been in this present century that Pneumatology has received so much attention amid theological discourse. According to Dr. Towns there are two major sources, or better catalysts, for this heightened interest in the Person of the Holy Spirit, dispensationalists and charismatics. According to Towns, “Dispensationalists have referred to this as the Age of the Holy Spirit with emphasis on the special ministry of the Holy Spirit in this dispensation....   [tags: Theology ] 551 words
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Theological Understanding of War - ... Even under brutal oppression, the early Church body remained pacifistic. Despite this grievous violence, there was never a call-to-arms to stand up and defend themselves through violence. As the Church began to integrate into mainstream society, our nonviolent principles began to evaporate. Upon the conversion of Constantine, and the adopting of Christianity as the official religion of the state, theologians writing on the issue began to change. In the ensuing years, theologians like Augustine and Aquinas expounded a pragmatic, utilitarian view that violence is acceptable if it is for the greater good....   [tags: Theology] 2414 words
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Human Nature - ... It was the senselessness of the cause, the raw savagery of the attacks, the utter lack of humanity. It begged the question: what happens when the moderating hand of society fails to restrain a group of radicals. The answer was simple. We saw the innate evil present in each one of us, in its undistilled, uncensored form. The Columbine killers, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, were disillusioned bullies- torn away from society’s expectations through a combination of violence tendencies and psychosis....   [tags: Theology] 1657 words
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Women in Ministry and the Redemptive Trend Hermeneutic: My View - ... The redemptive trend hermeneutic takes in so much more data than what Webb calls a “static” interpretation, that while it may be more powerful, it also must be used with humility. Before delving into the women in ministry question, I want to be precise with the use of the word "ministry." I am not even going to try to make sense of ancient words like διακονία, because the current question concerns modern categories. Instead, since I am trying to deconstruct the material found in the Danvers Statement, I am going to consider "ministry" in the sense of what roles Wayne Grudem, CBMW's co-founder, considers restricted to men: denominational leadership, ordained pastoral staff, and academic theologian....   [tags: Theology]
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How Much Deviation from Religious Doctrine is Acceptable? - ... Much of his book was simply an account of a discussion he had with his friends about the nature of god and the universe. They all make various arguments for different schools of thought, and although they do not all come to agreement by the end they all feel as if they have come away from the discussion with a slightly better understanding. Had they all just simply stated their beliefs as fact with no arguments to back them up, none of them would have gotten any closer to the truth – “the authority of those who set out to teach is often an impediment to those who set out to learn” (p73)....   [tags: Theology]
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Contemporary Issues Facing the Trinity - ... It seems that with science gaining more technology every day and easier ways to prove themselves, because of physical evidence, the Catholic Religion is slowly starting to lose the devotion of its followers. With the upcoming generation being more centered on material possessions rather than knowledge and Theology it is hard for the Catholic Religion to continue to stay popular with them. This is why in order for the Catholic Religion to regain some of the validity it has lost over the years it has to be able to in some sense prove to the world that the world was indeed created by a God....   [tags: Theology] 916 words
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What Does Nietzsche’s Madman Mean When He Proclaims God is Dead and We Humans Have Killed Him? - ... It is endogenous to this system, in which the ‘Will to Truth’ is found. By linking ‘Truth’ and goodness and purity Nietzsche argues that we create a Will towards discovering ‘Truth’, although it is not concerned with finding empirical ‘Truth’ but in forcing the world to confirm to a specific interpretation of ‘Truth’. In the Will to Power Nietzsche outlines what happened to Christianity: “at the hands of its own morality (which cannot be replaced), which turns against the Christian God (the sense of truthfulness, developed highly by Christianity, is nauseated by the falseness and mendaciousness of all Christian interpretations of the world and of history) The fact that the Will to Truth is not just endogenous to Christian theology but essential to it means that Christianity was inevitably doomed....   [tags: Theology ] 2371 words
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The Concept of the Messiah within Judasim and the Development of the Messanic Tradition Within Christianity - ... The only hope was a Messiah that was prophesized to restore the Jewish kingdom in the second temple period. This hope was ingrained in Jewish scripture yet the concept of the Mashiach; Yod Shin Ayin in Hebrew ‘Messiah in Christianity’ is that this person would be a descendant from the Davidic line and a great political leader. His example would inspire and he would be renown in Jewish law. He would make righteous decisions and win battles for Israel. (Isaiah, 11:11-12) (Jeremiah, 23:8-30.3)(Hosea 3:4-5) Following this the messianic age would bring peace, prosperity, tolerance and an abundance of agriculture also the rebuilding of the temple would commend this belief is deeply rooted in Jewish tradition....   [tags: Theology ]
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CHARASMATIC GIFT DEBATE - ... In personal contemplation about the question was the tongues being used in Corinth real, it has crossed the mind that they were not. Paul was writing them to correct misuse of the gifts. This would mean that some that did not have them were trying too claim them, that they had power over the gifts which they were not using correctly, or that he is correctly the Holy Spirit by telling him how to act. Bray points out in verse three of First Corinthians two that gifts are of no human effort but that they are visible signs that the Holy Spirit is at work in a believer....   [tags: Theology ]
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The Documentary Hypothesis: Past and Present - ... Some of the major historical scholars who adhered to Documentary Hypothesis, and were influential in supporting it, were Edouard Reuss, Karl Heinrich Graf, Julius Wellhausen, John Van Seters, Richard Elliot Friedman, and Harold Bloom. Edouard Guillaume Eugene Reuss is one of the earliest scholars who supported the Documentary Hypothesis much as we know it today. Indeed, he could accurately be named the “Father of Documentary Hypothesis”. Reuss was a Protestant theologian in the 19th century who challenged traditional views of the Bible in his teachings, although he published little of his ideas....   [tags: Theology ]
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God Provides - ... For the first seven chapters of Ecclesiastes, Solomon converses on the many worldly things a person can find fulfillment in. S. Michael Houdmann, a man holding a masters degree in Christian Theology, summarized Solomon’s attempts at fulfillment, “He tries scientific discovery (1:10-11), wisdom and philosophy (1:13-18), mirth (2:1), alcohol (2:3), architecture (2:4), property (2:7-8), and luxury (2:8). The Preacher turned his mind towards different philosophies to find meaning, such as materialism (2:19-20), and even moral codes (including chapters 8-9).” On the other hand, Tolstoy also attempted to discover many different ways people can find meaning....   [tags: Theology ]
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The Problem of Evil - ... LPE hinges on the premise that God desires to prevent evil. There is no reason to accept this claim, and the Christian can soundly reject it by rendering the premise this way: God has a prima facie desire to prevent evil. In other words, leaving all other considerations aside, God has some reason to prevent evil; the inferred converse however is that God has some reason to permit evil as well. That is, God may permit evil in order to bring about a greater good, such as allowing Pearl Harbor to be bombed in order to have the United States enter and eventually end World War II....   [tags: Theology ]
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Book Review Science and Wisdom by Margaret Kohl - Question: Discuss one or more recent books on the relationship between science and theology. Through this essay, I will be discussing the relationship between religion (specifically theology) and science with reference to a recent book on the topic by Professor Emeritus of Systematic Theology, University of Tübingen, Germany, Jürgen Moltmann. The book being titled Science and Wisdom, translated in 2003 by Margaret Kohl from the German, Wissenschaft und Weisheit: Zum Gesprüch zwischen Naturwissenscheft und Theologie (2002)....   [tags: Science Theology] 1684 words
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Albrecht Ritschl - ... However, Ritschl argued that this did not render Scripture worthless. While much of Scripture was, according to Ritschl, in error, it still had value. It provided an example of great love and morality, which could transform the world into a better place, the kingdom of God. Thus Ritschl conceded inerrancy in order to defend the content. The Bible contained the Word of God, though it was not believed to be the actual and literal Word of God.7 Ritschl was also trying to maintain the scientific and rational viewpoint of his society which totally eliminated the supernatural within the Scripture....   [tags: Christian Theology]
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Making New Places at the Theological Table - ... Consequently and appropriately, Western culture was the seedbed and medium for formal theological thinking and expression. Therefore, modern theology now has an undeniable Western nuance and tint. Nonetheless, just as the geographical center of Christianity shifted westward from Palestine in the early centuries, from 1900 to the late 1960s the geographical center was moving south. In the last five decades it has been shifting south and east. Many Western Christians do not realize that there are now more Christians in what we commonly called “Third World” countries than in the West....   [tags: Theology, Globalism] 1397 words
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An Analysis of the Book, Christ and Empire - Most would not admit this but very often, Christians have in many ways - through crusade, capture and trade, used the name and influence of Jesus Christ to encourage and validate political, economic, even and especially military gain. The book Christ and Empire is representative of Jesus Christ, and empires throughout history with great effort with the fact of Jesus’ implication on human life. As every theologian or political figure interpret Jesus’ power on humanity, He is the central figure of the Byzantine Empire pointing out that power and harmony of a group, and eventually the downfall from America....   [tags: religion, theology] 918 words
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Jacob and Arminianism - ... Thirdly, man would not be able to save himself. He needed God’s grace in order to be saved from eternal damnation. Next, grace would be the factor for man’s salvation, from the beginning to the end. Yet, the grace that was received was not irresistible. Finally, actual Christians could fight evil and achieve victory (Harrison 49). The common premise of the debate between Calvinism and Arminianism is considered to be over free will and predestination. In one respect, it does concern those two ideas....   [tags: Christian Theology]
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Calvinism - Calvinism is the theological system of John Calvin who exerted international influence on the development of the doctrine of the Protestant Reformation (Warfield, 2004). Calvin and his followers marked by strong emphasis on the sovereignty of God, the depravity of mankind, and the doctrine of predestination. This system was developed as a biblical Christianity. It has stirred countries such as Switzerland, Germany, France, Spain, England and America. Calvinist theology spread rapidly, and became the basis for many protestant denominations....   [tags: Religion Theology]
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Social Justice - What is social justice and how does it relate to liberation theology. How do sin, love, grace, and human freedom affect social justice. What restricts freedom and social justice. And how does all of this play a role in the Kingdom of God. Social justice is a concept of a society in which every human being is treated justly, without discrimination based on financial status, race, gender, ethnicity, etc. Grace is a gift from God that we don’t deserve, which helps us choose the good, therefore it promotes social justice....   [tags: Liberation Theology]
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Possible Solutions to the Synoptic Problem in the Gospels - The term “Synoptic Problem” alludes to the similarities and differences that is apparent in the Synoptic Gospels. Events that occurred are detailed in somewhat different arrangements and narrations. These differences and similarities have caused observant Christians to wonder what could cause what appear to be a chronological difference in these Gospels and why do we have more than one Gospel. All of these observations and questions in essence make up the “Synoptic Problem.” (Lea and Black,The New Testament Its Background and message 2003:114) The development of the Gospel as described by Luke referred to “eyewitnesses” an “account of the things” and “an orderly account”....   [tags: bible, theology]
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Paul after the Damascus Road - ... This dramatic alteration in Paul’s theology, a change which brought accusations of polytheism, must be seen as a direct consequence of experiencing the risen Christ, as there seems no alternate reason for such a drastic change in perception of the divine. The second point of Paul’s thinking that bears the marks of a radical theological reconsideration after experiencing the risen Christ is his missiology. Prior to his conversion, Paul, as a Pharisaical Jew, would have had a very strong distinction between sinner and righteous....   [tags: Christian Theology]
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The Book of Acts - ... The disciples are not foolish to suggest that this is Christ’s inference in the promise of the Holy Spirit, rather revealing themselves to be perceptive students of the Scriptures. However, Jesus does not answer the question, leaving the timetable of the kingdom consummation a mystery, as it remains in the revealed program of God to this day. Any who suppose a timetable for the conclusion of prophecy miss the universal admonition of Christ: “It is not for you to know times or seasons which the Father has put in His own authority” (1:7)....   [tags: Christian Theology] 1103 words
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How is spirituality mediated through choral music? - ... Life’s events and the emotions attached to them are often marked by music, whether in celebration of a marriage or the more sombre tone associated with death. In between is a range of styles that connect people whether words are used or not. One example of this connectivity can be found at Christmas with its songs and carols, where people join together to consider, whether consciously or otherwise, something outside the usual. A Christmas carol may be thought of as a secular, seasonal song (e.g....   [tags: Christian Theology]
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Jonathan Edwards - ... Edwards’s grandfather, Reverend Solomon Stoddard, also greatly influenced him. Solomon was often referred to as the “Pope of the Connecticut Valley” . While Solomon was preaching in Northampton, Connecticut he helped liberalize church policy by broadening “the standards for full church membership to all adults who professed the doctrines of the church, submitted to its discipline, and promised to attempt to live morally” . These extended standards meant that almost, if not all members of the community could and would convert to full members of the church....   [tags: Christian Theology] 996 words
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Miracles - ... They play no role in Islamic theology, nor do they embody any essential element in the life of the Prophet (Glasse 310). In fact, miracles are looked down upon and sometimes considered sorcery (Glasse 310). Therefore, it can be said that while Islam does not deny miracles, it does not give them any role of significance (Glasse 310). Another interpretation of the supernatural outside of Christianity is the popular Hindu and Buddhist idea of reincarnation. Reincarnation is the idea that the higher self, or soul, of each human being survives death and is reborn in another body (Linn 35)....   [tags: Christian Theology]
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