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Surveillance and the right of privacy - Surveillance and the Right of Privacy Introduction to Surveillance: According to Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary, surveillance is defined as a “close kept watch over someone or something (as by a detective).” Surveillance has been used ever since the days of, “Follow that cab!” From their primitive state, surveillance techniques and technology have evolved. Policing agencies no longer need to use methods of surveillance such as listening through walls, looking through windows and over fences, and even sifting through a suspect’s garbage....   [tags: Research Surveillance Papers]
:: 6 Sources Cited
1873 words
(5.4 pages)
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Aspects and implication of Cyberspace Surveillance Technologies - ... Patterns of behaviour become measureable via online searches, online purchases, and using online transactions, a person becomes a predictable individuals. Although on its own, this information means nothing, but metaphorically speaking they are like pixels on a digital picture, piecing together and form a clear picture, it can create a personal profile for one person. It is true to say that some people find it extremely uncomfortable knowing that their actions and sometimes even thoughts are being watched over and analysed....   [tags: Surveillance Behavior]
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2488 words
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Technological Surveillance - Technological Surveillance In an age where instant communication and technology provide easy and ready access to information, the society and the individual is caught between two very controversial principles- open information and privacy. The perceptions and expectations of privacy are rapidly changing as a result of current developments in surveillance technologies. The question is are these new surveillance technologies endangering the values and morals of our democratic society, the society we have worked for many centuries to achieve....   [tags: Papers] 1076 words
(3.1 pages)
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Satellite Surveillance - Satellite Surveillance I. Preface My interest in satellite surveillance did not really appear to after I saw the movie "Enemy of the State" in 1998. The synopsis of the movie is: Robert Dean (Will Smith) is a labor lawyer who is unknowingly in possession of evidence related to a serious politically motivated crime. Government agents eager to hide their guilt believe that Dean is on to them, and proceed to turn his life upside-down, ruin his reputation, and frame him for various incidents, thanks to the latest in high-tech government surveillance techniques....   [tags: Satellites Weapons Technology Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited :: 10 Sources Cited
3808 words
(10.9 pages)
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Surveillance Cameras - ... Law enforcement cameras help reduce these fast-track jailers from learning the drug trades, by keeping a watchful eye on them. Other than surveillance cameras reducing drug trades, the cameras also prevent traffic violations. “The encroachment on my life was slight and might have been justified in light of public safety-driving is, after all, an earned privilege, not a given right” (Dale 22-23). Cameras help watch for illegal immigrants crossing into the United States through traffic stops and toll booths....   [tags: Law Enforcement]
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1261 words
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Surveillance Technologies - ... The information that is stored can never truly be destroyed because it exists in another record or other place. The redundancy that is built into the system allows for stability but also makes it difficult to correct or delete information. Farren and Gibb mention how it is difficult to impossible to expunge the record of an arrest (p. 136, Farren & Gibb, 2007). A simple Google search will provide records, or other databases that have inaccurate or out of data information (p. 137, Farren & Gibb, 2007)....   [tags: Security, Government Sectors, Commercial Sectors] 1657 words
(4.7 pages)
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Public Video Surveillance - Public Video Surveillance INTRODUCTION Today’s technology has changed the way we live. It has changed the way that we view the environment, act when out in public, and the way we go about doing our daily task. Computers have greatly increased our capabilities to achieve our goals much faster. Human interaction between people has decreased because of this technology. The changes continue daily with an endless stream of new ideas and ways of doing things. There seems to be no end in site. This technology is also changing our moral and ethical values along with the way we employ them....   [tags: Cameras Privacy Issues] 1419 words
(4.1 pages)
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What exactly is a ‘surveillance society’? - ... While many shy away from the Orwellian nightmare depicted in the novel Nineteen-eighty-four (1984), they also demand protection from criminal activities and terrorist attacks. Post 9/11 civil liberties have been increasingly traded in for greater surveillance of the citizenry, especially in the US and associated countries (Jürgensen, 2004: 55). Surveillance is not inherently sinister or malign, but Lyon cautions that 'the focussed attention to persons and populations with a view to influencing, managing or controlling them – that we call ‘surveillance’ – is never innocent either' (2002: 307)....   [tags: Politics, Civil Liberties] 562 words
(1.6 pages)
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Terrorism, Surveillance, and Radio-Transmitters - Terrorism, Surveillance, and Radio-Transmitters       ABSTRACT: This paper is an introduction into the discussion of different types of surveillance equipment. The paper centers on different intelligence agencies worldwide that use surveillance equipment, the types of information they need, and how they go about gathering the information. There is also a discussion on the most common type of surveillance equipment used by intelligence agencies, the radio transmitter. The transmitter is described in detail and its myriad of uses in surveillance are illustrated....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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1773 words
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Government Surveillance of Internet Activity - Government Surveillance of Internet Activity 1. Background Back to late 1980s in China, some young people in college or research institute had a chance to surf the Internet through a fairly low speed, roughly routed World Wide Web connection. But a big surprise for them was that the Internet was a real freeway, a freeway escaping from strict government control, a freeway for people who wanted to see but couldn’t see and who wanted to say but couldn’t say. Stepping into the 21st century after more than a decade, the Internet service in China has already been almost the latest generation in the world....   [tags: Internet Web Computers Essays]
:: 9 Works Cited :: 4 Sources Cited
3556 words
(10.2 pages)
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Home Video Surveillance System - Most people think that video surveillance is most often used for ATM machines, schools, banks and gas stations to catch thieves in the act or for taping spouses that are behaving badly; but they are used for much more than that. They were first used in police stations for monitoring, in train stations, and to survey traffic flow. Insurance companies find them helpful regarding fraudulent claims. It is now very common for property owners to use surveillance cams to keep their rental homes secure and parents have used nanny cams for years to monitor their children, observe housekeepers or other domestic contractors....   [tags: Security] 688 words
(2 pages)
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Government Surveillance in the Digital Age - Government Surveillance in the Digital Age Imagine walking along a busy street in the middle of a sunny day. Also imagine that someone is following you around, videotaping everything you do. Disturbing thought. Even more disturbing is the fact that the United States government is already doing this, and it's perfectly legal. According to Robert Trigaux, a reporter for the St. Petersburg times, until August of 2003, in Ybor City, Florida, the Tampa Police Department used thirty-six surveillance cameras that scanned faces of all people walking around the entertainment district....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Papers]
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2364 words
(6.8 pages)
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The Ethics of Workplace Surveillance - The Ethics of Workplace Surveillance You get to work, login, check your email, and examine the values of your stocks. Have you done something wrong. Should your manager care about what you do with those couple of minutes. Hypothetically, if you consider 48 working days per year, with 40 hours per weeks (totally 9,600 hours of work a year), then the daily five minutes of personal internet usage mounts to approximately 24 hours (three working days) of wasted company time. In a capitalist economy, such inefficiency impedes the goal to maximize profit; therefore, compelling businesses to turn to rigorous surveillance to discourage inappropriate use of company resources and to promote productivity....   [tags: Security Work Environment Essays]
:: 4 Works Cited :: 3 Sources Cited
3432 words
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Public Surveillance in the USA - ... He examines the implications of the governmental measures on three areas, viz, home, camera surveillance at the public places and transactions that would be stored in computers and powerful networks, and their possible impact on infringing the rights and privacies of the citizens. He avers ignoring the legal issues arising out of using new technology would have profound implications on search and seizure in that it would prove to be an assault on the freedom of the people and failure of the law to respond to it....   [tags: CCTV, Privacy Rights, Right of Privacy]
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2230 words
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The Impact of Surveillance Technology on Privacy - The Impact of Surveillance Technology on Privacy               David Brin in The Transparent Society warns us of the future of privacy that is on the horizon.  With millions of cameras recording our every public move, who should have control of the information: companies and governments or we the citizens?  If we take a look at Brin's vision of our future, his solution to the problem, the role of ICTs and the Kelley Cam at IU, we can come to a conclusion that our privacy is on the line and we as citizens must act soon in order to keep our country's foundational liberties....   [tags: Expository Essays Research Papers] 1203 words
(3.4 pages)
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Intelligent Traffic Surveillance System - Abstract- Due to the traffic accidents over the last few years; the development of surveillance systems with multifunctional techniques has received increasing attention. The use of the smart camera is one solution to solve the traffic problems, Smart cameras are cameras that can perform tasks far beyond simply taking photos and recording videos. Intelligent Traffic Surveillance System (ITSS) is used to monitor the roads in preventing accidents at the same time finding what causes the accidents....   [tags: Traffic Safety ] 2568 words
(7.3 pages)
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Technology - Use of Infrared in Surveillance - Use of Infrared in Surveillance       Abstract:  This paper begins with an introduction into the discovery and description of infrared radiation by Sir William Herschel in 1800. It follows by describing various uses of infrared for surveillance purposes. The first application described is the role of infrared in active and passive Night Vision Devices (NVD's) for both military and recreational use. It describes the basic functions of these devices and the differences between the uses and benefits of both active and passive scopes....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
:: 5 Works Cited
1407 words
(4 pages)
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Electronic Surveillance: The FBI Carnivore Program - Electronic Surveillance: The FBI Carnivore Program Is Big Brother watching our every computer move. Is the government (FBI, specifically) reading and filtering our email and where we go on the web. According to the critics of the FBI’s new CARNIVORE program, the answer is a resounding “yes”. However, according to FBI spokesperson John Collingwood (in a letter to the LA Times on August 7, 2000), CARNIVORE is not a government-backed spy program to invade the privacy of US citizens--it is an effective weapon (similar to phone taps) in the war against crime....   [tags: Papers] 660 words
(1.9 pages)
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Do new technologies of surveillance encourage self regulation - 2. Do new technologies of surveillance encourage self-regulation. Discuss A fundamental dimension of modernity is the emergence of coordinated administrative power. The nation state is the prime site if such power but is also a part of modern organisations in general. Administrative power is based upon the control of information. Administrative power is enforced through surveillance where information is routinely used to monitor the activities of a subject population. No less than capitalism or industrialism, surveillance is a tool in levering the modern social world further away from traditional modes of socialisation....   [tags: essays research papers] 726 words
(2.1 pages)
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Essay on Internet Privacy - Carnivore, and the Power Of FBI Surveillance - Carnivore: The Power Of FBI Surveillance       Abstract:  This paper provides an analysis of the privacy issues associated with governmental Internet surveillance, with a focus on the recently disclosed FBI tool known as Carnivore. It concludes that, while some system of surveillance is necessary, more mechanisms to prevent abuse of privacy must exist.   Communication surveillance has been a controversial issue in the US since the 1920's, when the Supreme Court deemed unwarranted wiretaps legitimate in the case of Olmstead v United States....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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1739 words
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Different Modes in Intelligence Surveillance in the United States - DIFFERENT MODES IN INTELLIGENCE SURVEILLANCE IN THE UNITED STATES Information operations conducted in the enemy’s backyard will assist in achieving specific strategic and tactical objectives. The flexibility to change any perspective provides commanders with a deeper insight into the dynamics of target appreciation. Having the ability to understand a target system provides commander’s with the analytical tools to decipher diverse categories of complex surveillance. The end result of the different modes of intelligence surveillance could lead to a variety of improved protocol, or a resolution to a problem....   [tags: essays research papers] 526 words
(1.5 pages)
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Surveillance: A Welcome Necessity or a Frightening Imposition on Liberties - The increasingly pervasive presence of surveillance seems a peculiar and increasingly urgent feature of twenty-first century culture. Discussions about the need for national ID’s, the presence of surveillance cameras on street corners, recent concerns about phone tapping and listening into people’s conversations had been reflected in the popular media in movies such as “V for Vendetta”. However, using Foucault’s work on Panopticism, surveillance has always been a feature of early and late modern culture....   [tags: Film Review]
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1219 words
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Privacy - It's Time to Control the Use of Electronic Surveillance - It's Time to Control the Use of Electronic Surveillance       How would you feel if every move you make, every word you say, every number you dial on the telephone, could easily be accessed or monitored by just about anyone in the world. Well, chances are that you and me and many others are currently, or have been, victims of this infringement on privacy. With today's ever growing technology, there is little one can do to ensure privacy in normal, every day life. Even though many benefits have come with this increased technology, the inherent loss of privacy scares many....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]
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1480 words
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Surveillance in Foucault's Panopticism and Vonnegut's Harrison Bergeron - Surveillance in Foucault's Panopticism and Vonnegut's Harrison Bergeron Ever feel as though someone is watching you. You know that you are the only one in a room, but for some reason you get an eerie feeling that you are not alone. You might not see anyone, but the eyes of a stranger could be gazing down on you. In Foucault's "Panopticism," a new paradigm of discipline is introduced, surveillance. No one dares to break the law, or do anything erroneous for that matter, in fear that they are being watched....   [tags: Panopticism Harrison Bergeron]
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1798 words
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Case Study: An Information System for Use in Surveillance Rounds - ... In increasing order of preference those methods are: (1) select the parameter being monitored from a preinstalled list and manually enter the reading; (2) identify the parameter by scanning a bar code that identified the meter and entering the reading manually; or, (3) a radio signal from the meter is sent to the hand-held device, indicating the parameter being monitored and the reading. This would take advantage of the automated meter reading (AMR) technology being used by utility companies (“Doing more for you”, n.d.)....   [tags: Case Study]
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1316 words
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She Snoops to Conquer: Surveillance and the Right to Privacy - ... However, later on she changed her mind and decided to “spy” employees without their consent. With this decision, Jean should have been well aware to face many legal issues regarding employees privacy. First of all, her decision to install cameras and microphones was not completely wrong. Using Utilitarian point of view, the shrinkage or missing merchandise in jewelry department was a clear net harm to the company. For that reason, Jean had every right to minimize net harm and maximize benefits by installing cameras only in public place....   [tags: Ethics, Business]
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1438 words
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Surveillance and Information Gathering:the Role of the Nation State, Military and Citizenry - Within any society, information gathering and surveillance mechanisms exist. The sophistication of this information gathering varies, but at all levels; the information gathered can be received voluntarily or involuntarily. The collection of information, whether it is surveillance received at a traffic road crossing, or satellite images from outer space, occurs every day. Everyday life is subject to monitoring, checking and scrutinizing. To find a place or an activity, which is shielded from some kind of surveillance device is difficult....   [tags: Politics] 3298 words
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Surveillance Techniques of New Technologies Demand Rethinking of Online Behaviour - ... Therefore a network is not required, the computer alone creates more possibilities for surveillance. Surveillance possibilities rise attention to the two main institutions of modern society: the corporation that owns the technology and the government (Jensen 132). Jensen further defines surveillance as “the collection and analysis of information for the purpose of control” (Jensen 132). For companies like Google and Facebook the users contribute to the required collection of information by themselves, as the previous paragraph has shown....   [tags: Information Technology ]
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1074 words
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In Praise of Big Brother: Why We Should Learn to Stop Worrying and Love Government Surveillance - Part I: James Stacey Taylor's article, "In Praise of Big Brother: Why We Should Learn to Stop Worrying and Love Government Surveillance" begins reviewing the concept of "Big Brother" as it was originally presented in George Orwell's 1984. The Big Brother started off as a fictional character in 1984-- a dictator of Oceania within a totalitarian state. Set within a society in which everyone is under complete surveillance by the authorities, mainly by telescreens, the people are constantly reminded of this by the phrase “Big Brother is watching you” (Wikipedia) ....   [tags: privacy]
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1896 words
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The Patriot Act - The Patriot Act In the wake of September 11, many things happened very quickly. Along with the beginning of a '"'war'"' against terrorism, an act was passed to help prevent future terrorism in the USA. The name of this is the USA Patriot Act. The act legalizes many surveillance techniques that were once prohibited. The act has been passed without debate, and the new privileges given to our government have not been thoroughly examined. The law enforcers of our country are now capable of monitoring the citizens in ways most people are not aware of....   [tags: USA Terrorism Surveillance Wire Tapping] 1144 words
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The world of Biometric Security - The world of Biometric Security Biometrics is methods of recognizing a person based on a physiological or behavioral characteristic. Some of the features measured in biometrics identification that I will include in this paper are: fingerprints, retina, face, signature, and voice scans. Biometric technologies are quickly becoming the foundation for a large array of highly secure identification and personal verification techniques. As the level of security and transaction fraud increases, the need for more secure identification and personal verification technologies also increases....   [tags: Biometric Security Surveillance Papers]
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1827 words
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Global Privacy… Are You Being Watched?? - Global Privacy… Are You Being Watched?. Introduction Privacy has grown to become an intensely complex and important human rights topic in the information age. The right to privacy underlines human dignity. One of the first privacy laws can be traced back hundreds of years, to 1361, when England enacted the Justice of the Peace Act, which allowed the arrest of eavesdroppers and peeping toms.1 About every country in the world explicitly recognizes a right of privacy in their constitution, allowing people to have a right to home communication secrecy and inviolability at the very least....   [tags: Surveillance Technology Essays]
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2323 words
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ms - The International Monetary Fund is an international organization which involves 184 member countries, and it is located in Washington D.C. It was established in 1945 in order to promote international monetary cooperation, exchange stability, and orderly exchange arrangements. It also fosters economic growth and high level of employment. Another propose of the IMF is to provide temporary financial assistance to countries to help ease the balance of payments adjustment. Since the IMF has been established, its purposes haven’t been changed, but its operations such as surveillance, financial assistance, and technical assistance, have been developed in order to meet the needs of the countries that are members of the IMF, and that are in an evolving world economy....   [tags: essays research papers] 437 words
(1.2 pages)
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Cameras in Schools - Cameras in Schools Surveillance in schools has become more popular, not only for safety reasons, but also to monitor the classrooms and teachers. In recent years, violent episodes in schools in Arkansas, Colorado, California, Kentucky, Mississippi and other states have led educators and legislators to make safe schools a priority. The only problem with making the schools safer is how to make them safer without people feeling violated. Some programs to decrease the violence and inappropriate behavior rates are character education and peer meditation; however, this is not enough....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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2110 words
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Orwell's Nineteen Eighty Four - Quickly Becoming Reality - Eric Blair wrote the novel 1984 under the pseudonym George Orwell. Nineteen Eighty Four’s original title was The Last Man in Europe, however, the title was changed for unknown purposes. It has been speculated that the change in title was done because it was a mere reversal of the last two digits of the year it was written. The novel was first received with conflicting acclamations and criticisms. Some reviewers disliked its dystopian satire of the class system, the power struggles of world leaders, nationalism, totalitarian regimes, and bureaucracy, while others panned it as nihilistic prophesy on the downfall of humankind....   [tags: George Orwell, 1984] 2959 words
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Smile, You’re On Camera - Mitchell Gray’s paper “Urban Surveillance and Panopticism: will we recognize the facial recognition society?” analyzes the effects of the use of facial recognition surveillance devices as a reaction to perceptions of “insecurity” in urban environments. Mitchell Gray views facial recognition systems as “part of an attempt to reduce insecurity through knowledge and vision, but, paradoxically, their use may add to insecurity by transforming society in unanticipated directions.” Facial recognition, he insists, will expand the disciplinary power of panoptic surveillance into the present-day urban environment....   [tags: Article Analysis ]
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909 words
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The Patriot Act - ... (Miller,Debra, 2007, The Patriot Act, Detriot:Lucent Books) To accomplish the administration’s goals, the Patriot Act made an abundant amount of changes to numerous federal laws that were originally passed to restrict the government’s ability to conduct domestic spying and surveillance. One important law affected by the Patriot Act was FISA, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, a reform passed in 1978 to correct past surveillance abuses by the FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigations), the CIA (Central Intelligence Agency), and other government agencies....   [tags: U.S. Law]
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Use of Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) in the Workplace - Use of Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) in the Workplace Introduction The next generation approaching adulthood has a new challenge; growing up during the technological revolution and believing being monitored is way of life. Generation Y, as they are termed, will grow up thinking it is normal for video cameras to be on every street corner, at work, automatic teller machines, and one day in every home as a security device. They may grow up having “Big Brother” in the workplace applying constant pressure on them to prove they are productive....   [tags: Philosophy Ethics] 2090 words
(6 pages)
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Brainwashing of Constituents in George Orwell's "1984" - Eric Blair wrote the novel 1984 under the pseudonym George Orwell. The original title of 1984 was The Last Man in Europe, however, the title was changed for unknown purposes. It has been speculated that the change in title was done because it was a mere reversal of the last two digits of the year in which it was written. The novel was first received with conflicting acclamations and criticisms. Those who provided acclamation for the novel believed that it portrayed the impending possibility of the future and what it might bring....   [tags: George Orwell, 1984, government,] 3231 words
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Article Analysis: Infection Control in Home Care -   Introduction The article Infection Control in Home Care was given by Emily Rhinehart in April 2001. This article is about the home care and infection control in the United States of America. This article stated that, in the past decades, the scope and intensity of home care have increased, whereas the strategies and prevention solutions of infection surveillance and control efforts have fallen behind (Rhinehart, 2001). Lack of applicable and consistent methods for surveillance and acute-care practices of prevention are needed to control infections....   [tags: Health Care ]
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Telescreens And Technology In 1984 - Through out George Orwells 1984, the use of telescreens is very efficient and effective for the Party. On the other hand it plays a very hard role on our main character, Winston. Through out the novel, he lives in fear of the telescreen and is ultimately taken by the mighty power that is the Party, all in help by the telescreen. The watchful eye of the telescreen is not totally fiction though, in many places it all ready exists.Winston is a worker who's job is to change history to make sure that its "correct" by the Parties standards....   [tags: essays research papers] 485 words
(1.4 pages)
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No Online Privacy in America - No Online Privacy in America Along with its many benefits, the march of technology makes an encompassing surveillance network seem almost inevitable. We owe much of the privacy we have enjoyed in the past to a combination of immature technology and insufficient manpower to monitor us. But these protective inefficiencies are giving way to efficient technologies of data processing and digital surveillance that threaten to eliminate our privacy. Already we are tracked by our credit-card transactions, our passes through the fast-lanes at toll booths, our cell phone calls....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1596 words
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The Patriot Act is Detrimental to the Rights of American Citizens - ... The FBI no longer has to provide probable cause to conduct wiretaps or searches on American citizens to gather evidence for ordinary law enforcement (“Surveillance”). Abolishing probable cause is not the only way the government’s power in the area of wiretaps expanded. There is a difference in the two types of surveillance used with wiretaps. The first type permits access to the content of a communication, and the second limits the search to transactional information (“Surveillance”). The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) explains that “It is like the difference between reading the address printed on the outside of a letter, and reading the letter inside, or listening to a phone conversation and merely recording the phone numbers dialed and received” (“Surveillance”)....   [tags: U.S. Government ]
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2329 words
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We Are Big Brother's Reality Television Star - ... The government is able to watch any given individual at any given time without the individual being aware they are being watched. Although Enemy of the State does to a certain extent demonstrate this, it does not go into as much detail as it does how the government can use surveillance to harm citizens. Robert Dean’s life is greatly affected when he unknowingly was given a video of the murder of Congressman Hammersley. It did not take long for the National Security Agency to discover that Dean who is just an average man, possesses the murder video....   [tags: Film]
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We Don't Need Laws to Regulate Encryption Technology - We Don't Need Laws to Regulate Encryption Technology "It was even conceivable that they watched everybody all the time. But at any rate they could plug in your wire whenever they wanted to. You had to live -- did live, from habit that became instinct -- in the assumption that every sound you made was overheard, and, except in darkness, every movement scrutinized" (1984, Orwell 6). Government shouldn't require in all encryption devices a trapdoor feature that would allow immediate decoding of any message by law-enforcement officials....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays] 572 words
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Quit Watching Me! - “Quit Watching Me!'; Attempts to monitor employees have always existed in one form or another, from mechanical keystroke counters in the early part of the century, to the latest innovations in electronic monitoring. As technology advances, so do the monitoring possibilities in the workplace. As result of the endless possibilities in surveillance, anxiety in employee’s increase, which in most cases leads to illnesses. Studies have shown that individuals who are constantly being monitored at work suffer from inevitable effects, the majority being illnesses such as physical, emotional, and mental disorders....   [tags: essays research papers] 804 words
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The U.S. Patriot Act - The US Patriot Act Privacy can be considered one of the most valued rights of a civilized society. The founders of the constitution had this in mind when they developed search and seizure laws to protect the privacy of the citizens from the British soldiers. The invasion of privacy has been a much discussed and debated topic among both politicians and private citizens alike, and the question many are asking is, “How much freedom do we give up for our sense of security?” The US Patriot address issues of criminal activities in relation to acts of terror....   [tags: essays research papers] 801 words
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The Mutual Relationship Between Technology and Society - I am interested in exploring the mutual shaping relationship between technology and society through an integrated development perspective. During my postgraduate study of science and technology studies (STS) in University of Edinburgh, I followed the mutual shaping route and briefly touched the problems of integrated development in two researches, “Understanding Local Circumstances of Surveillance on ICT Applications in China” and “The Mutual Shaping History of Agricultural Technology, Social Condition, And Public Policy in China”....   [tags: Technology/Society] 2504 words
(7.2 pages)
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Transformation of Global Technology - The increase in the flow of information between nations has proven to be a critical part of the developing international community. Deficiencies in this field have lead to the ill-preparation by the United States during the Bombing of Pearl Harbor and the attacks on the World Trade Center in September 2001. In both cases, critical data was received from surveillance instruments but was not acted upon expediently enough to avoid disaster. With the transition from a state-based threat to non-state terrorist organizations, the need for more thorough scrutiny then before has become paramount to the national security of the United States....   [tags: essays research papers] 333 words
(1 pages)
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Internet - Monitoring Email, Security vs. Privacy - Monitoring Email: Security vs. Privacy       Abstract: Electronic mail is quickly becoming the most prevalent method of communication in the world. However, e-mail systems in corporate, institutional, and commercial environments are all potential targets of monitoring, surveillance and ultimately, censorship.               Electronic mail is a phenomenon that has begun to pervade all aspects of our lives today. We use e-mail in our personal lives, at our schools, at our jobs, and everywhere in between....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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1764 words
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USA Patriot Act - Technology has affected the field of justice studies in many ways. After the events of September 11th 2001, technology has had an even greater impact on the field of justice studies. Rapidly advancing technology has made surveillance cheaper and easier to conceal. Tools such as wiretapping, surveillance for e-mails, and other forms of surveillance tools that were before a violation of peoples' right to privacy, are now allowed to be used without probable cause. These tools now allow the FBI to find terrorists before they commit their act of violence....   [tags: Current Events] 1223 words
(3.5 pages)
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Finding the Balance Between Privacy and Security - Clearly, the United States is in unfamiliar territory when it comes to combat- ing counter-terrorism with technology. The founding fathers could not foresee the technological advances, and the complications that arose from them. Under- standably, the United States law enforcement is having a rough time reconciling the constitutional rights a orded to its citizens, while protecting them from a terrorist threat. Initially, the government struggled with this balance. What brought these laws on in the rst place was the lack of balance; security dominated privacy during the Vietnam War to an unacceptable point....   [tags: Security] 1785 words
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Deregulation of the U.S. Airline Industry - Deregulation of the U.S. airline industry has resulted in ticket prices dropping by a third, on an inflation-adjusted basis. As a result some 1.6 million people fly on 4,000 aircraft every day. Airlines carried 643 million passengers in 1998, a 25% increase over 1993 and the FAA estimates that the nation¡¦s airline system will have to accommodate 917 million passengers by the year 2008. The growth in air travel threatens to overwhelm the presently inadequate air traffic control system, which has not kept pace with available technology in navigation, communications, and flight surveillance....   [tags: essays research papers] 1872 words
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Privacy Under the Fourth Amendment - Privacy Under the Fourth Amendment Katz V. The United States The petitioner Mr. Katz was arrested for illegal gambling, he had been gambling over a public phone. The FBI attached an electronic recorder onto the outside of the public phone booth. The state courts claimed this to be legal because the recording device was on the outside of the phone and the FBI never entered the booth. The Supreme Court Ruled in the favor of Katz. They stated that the Fourth Amendment allowed for the protection of a person and not just a person's property against illegal searches....   [tags: Papers] 921 words
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Doctoral Degree in International Health - I am pursuing a doctoral degree in international health because I believe it is the next important step in my career in public health research. I have a passion for research, I enjoy the disease detective work, and I think there are still many important public health problems that are yet unsolved. I have been working at the Centers for Disease Control for 7 years, and my experiences have provided hands-on application of public health research conducted in often challenging, resource-limited settings....   [tags: Personal Statement] 1346 words
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Singapore - ... However, it has changed the government-citizen dynamics in one respect, and that is the increasing capacity to monitor individuals and populations without their full knowledge on when, what, how and why. 5.3. The surveillance society and biopolitical power New 'technologies of freedom’, as Rose refers to them, were invented with the intention of governing ‘at a distance’ via the autonomous choices of relatively independent entities (2000: 324). This means that where organisations are concerned, privatisation, marketisation, and consumerisation have co-evolved with increased adaptation of techniques that increase accountability and centralisation....   [tags: Singapore Politics, Government] 1910 words
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Granny Cams - ... The largest criticism concerns privacy, both for the caregivers as well as for the elderly residents. Opponents also claim insurance costs will rise, and hiring qualified caregivers, who are already in short supply, will become even more difficult. The long-term care industry has spent considerable effort and funding to fight legislative measures to legalize surveillance cameras. Granny cams can also enable elderly relatives to continue living independently in their own homes. The latest technological innovations affordably transform any house into a smart home that actively or passively monitors the occupant’s activities....   [tags: Health Care] 1138 words
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Korean Totalitarian Government of 1984 - ... As opposed to Newspeak, which controls thought through language, doublethink suppresses thought directly (Orwell 35). Another propaganda technique includes censorship, where history and media is constantly manipulated to support and fortify the Party. The government institutes historical revisionism to rewrite the past in order that the government stays impeccable and flawless (Orwell 40). Finally, the Party indoctrinates every citizen of Oceania by misinforming the people on various facets of human standards....   [tags: Korea]
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Free College Admissions Essays: A Time of Growth - A Time of Growth After months of waiting, I found out that I was one of the few individuals selected for a public-health internship at the World Health Organization (WHO) in Geneva, Switzerland. I arrived in Geneva at the end of May, and began my internship at that time. On my way to work I passed by the United Nations complex, the International Red Cross and Crescent Museum, and many other international edifices. As I strolled into the World Health Organization for the first time, I was in disbelief, the WHO is the epitome of the health arena....   [tags: College Admissions Essays] 370 words
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Internet - Ethics of Hacking - Privacy Risks of Internet Wiretapping       Abstract: In recent months, the FBI has taken steps to implement an Internet wiretapping scheme called Carnivore.  This paper discusses the possible risks of this system with respect to personal privacy, analyzes the technical flaws of the system that produce these risks, and discusses recent US Legislation to relax the statutory restrictions on its deployment and use.             On September 11, 2001, a group of terrorists carried out a methodically planned and almost perfectly executed attack on major sites in the United States, toppling two of the nation's highest buildings.  Two days later, on September 13, the US Senate unanimously approved legislation that may serve to topple one of its greatest freedoms: the right to privacy.  This legislation, which its drafters Orrin Hatch (R-UT) and Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) dubbed the "Combating Terrorism Act of 2001," would loosen restrictions on FBI wiretaps, including its nascent "Carnivore" Internet surveillance system [1]....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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Panoptical Power in China - Panoptical Power in China Jeremy Bentham, a leading English prison reformer of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, developed an architectural plan for an ideal prison that he called the Panopticon. Such a prison would consist of a ring of individual cells encircling an observation tower. Each of the cells would open toward the tower and be illuminated by its own outside window. So, by the effect of backlighting, a single guard in the observation tower could keep watch on many prisoners--each of whom would be individually confined--without himself being seen....   [tags: Prison Jail Imprisonment Essays]
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The Morality of CCTV - The Morality of CCTV Closed-circuit television is widely used in England as a deterrent to crime. It is also used sparingly in Scotland, Times Square, and Atlantic City. The idea is to capture crimes or images of potential criminals on video surveillance tape so that the criminal can be identified. The dilemma of this practice comes from the moral conflict it creates. Do the civil liberties and privacy issues that are taken away justify the protection and safety that CCTV provides. This paper will look at the moral, statistical, and ethical issues of CCTV....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Closed Circuit Essays]
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Patriot Act 2: The Domestic Security Enhancement Act - Patriot Act 2: The Domestic Security Enhancement Act After the horrendous terrorist attack on the New York Trade Center a new Bill was passed by congress shortly after September 11, 2004. This bill is known as The Domestic Security Enhancement Act also called Patriot Act 2. This bill was designed as a follow-up to the USA Patriot Act to work in increasing government surveillance, detention and other law enforcement powers while reducing basic checks and balances on such powers. By the beginning of the year 2003 a draft of the legislation was available....   [tags: essays research papers] 1629 words
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Thermal Imaging - Thermal Imaging Thermal Imaging is the conversion of radiated or reflected heat into real-time pictures or images. A thermal image is an analogue visual representation of temperature differences. All objects above absolute zero (-273 degrees) emit radiation waves that are infrared. Depending on temperature and emissivity, most objects in the world can be thermally imaged. Thermal Imaging can be applied in many varying circumstances to simplify the detection, location and assessment of temperature related problems....   [tags: Papers] 805 words
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Remix Culture - Remix Culture One of the biggest issues that arises with remix art is the issue of ‘Remix vs. Plagiarism.” When does a remixed work become an original work of art. Is the work considered original as soon as it is tweaked or when it is unrecognizable. Neither, a work is unique when its purpose and meaning transcends that of the original. Works like Montgomery Lee’s “Copyright Symphony” takes a variety of images and uses them to create music out of the imbedded data on the photographs. The work can be considered his own because he had given the images new meaning by placing them together....   [tags: Art] 1073 words
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The World Health Organization's Dealing With Smallpox - Smallpox is an infectious disease caused by the variola virus. Variola major and variola minor are the two clinical types of smallpox. Variola major is the most widespread and severe of the two. Smallpox is unique to human beings, and can be found worldwide. This disease is also known by the Latin name Variola or Variola vera, meaning spotted, or varus, meaning “pimple”. Europe came up with the name smallpox, and later in the 15th century used the name of this disease to distinguish between syphilis (Wikipedia, 2010)....   [tags: Health] 1489 words
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The Virtual Panopticon: You, Me, Our Cell Phones, and the Internet - Modern western society is creating a self-sufficient virtual panoptic structure. The central tower of the virtual panopticon is represented by the internet. Citizens armed with portable multimedia recording devices accept the role of observational guards occupying the watchtower, and cells located at the periphery of the watchtower encompass the public and private spaces that a person occupies in the virtual panopticon. The same group that is being surveyed also does the surveying which differs from the traditional panopticon....   [tags: Multimedia ]
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We Must Regain Our Lost Civil Liberties - ... 5). According to the ACLU, the trap and trace devices monitor all electronic communication and to perform this type of surveillance the government only needs to show probable cause (National Security, n.d.). The issue of our privacy rights has definitely been influenced since 9/11, we have all been affected and at the height of all the terror and fear, our absent civil liberties simply went unnoticed. It particularly allowed a violation of the rights protected by the First, Fourth, Fifth and Sixth amendments of the Bill of Rights, a direct threat to the freedom of association, information, and speech as well as the right to liberty....   [tags: Privacy Act, Patriot Act]
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Disciplinary Society and Society of Control - ... 34, No. 6, pp. 690-714. Castells, M. (1997) The Power of Identity, Oxford: Blackwell. Castells, M. (2000) The Rise of the Network Society, 2nd Edition, Oxford: Blackwell. Castells, M. (2005) 'The Network Society: From Knowledge to Policy', in Castells, M. and Gustavo, C. (eds.) The Network Society: From Knowledge to Policy, Washington DC: Johns Hopkins Center for Transatlantic Relations. Chan, C.M. and Lau, Y.M. (2005) ‘An Informatization of Society Approach to e-Government: Analyzing Singapore’s e-Government Effort’, Pacific Asian Conference on Information Systems, 1667-1673 [online]....   [tags: Technology ]
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The Patriot Act - The Patriot Act The patriot act: “THE UNITING AND STRENGHENING OF AMERICA BY PROVIDING APPROPRIATE TOOLS REQUIRED TO INTERCEPT AND OBSTRCT TERRORISM.” What do you think of when you hear this phrase. This is the phrase used to introduce what we call the patriot act. Pretty much the patriot act allows government officials to search your house which is called a “sneak and peak” without you being aware of it, or even the tracking of your car, or maybe even listening to your phone calls. The Patriot Act was designed to protect the United States from further terrorist attacks by allowing more information to be recorded for investigation on people that could be possible terrorists....   [tags: essays research papers] 512 words
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Spying - With the growing deviant behavior around the country, law enforcement has developed 21st century surveillance techniques and methods. Now people are continually monitored to keep the public in check and obey the laws of the state. The government can supervise citizens with a new speed monitoring technology replacing highway patrol officers. In addition to speed cameras, car manufacturers have developed an On-star system, can assist motorists who need directions, have car troubles, or even order flowers for a loved one....   [tags: essays research papers] 491 words
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Internet Privacy: Government Should Not Regulate Encryption or Cryptography - Internet Privacy: Government Should Not Regulate Encryption or Cryptography Privacy rights have been an important issue through out time, and it has been increasing in importance as we have moved into the electronic/information age. Keeping that privacy had become a growing concern for many businesses and consumers. With all the information being sent across the web, people are very concerned about their personal information falling into the wrong hands. One way to help protect your privacy on the net is by using an encryption program....   [tags: Internet Encryption Cryptography] 995 words
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Technology and the Invasion of Privacy - Technology and the Invasion of Privacy As citizens of America we are all entitled to our rights of privacy. When something threatens this guaranteed privacy we tend to take extra precautions to prohibit prolonged violation. As the advancing world of technology continues to grow and expand, so do the amount of cases involving privacy invasion. Technology drives these privacy-invading crimes; however, crime also drives technology, creating a vicious cycle. Without technology an invader could not enter that of a stranger’s life....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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Women Conform More than Men - Women Conform More than Men Studies over the years have shown a higher rate of conformity among women than men. Psychologists have attributed this difference to many areas, such as personality traits, differing views of conformity, social status, and situational forces. The following research and studies illustrate the findings which confirm this hypothesis. Personality Traits of Men vs. Women According to Eagley, Wood, and Fishbaugh (1981), women are more concerned than men about the quality of interpersonal relationships....   [tags: Conformity Psychology Gender Roles Essays]
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