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Your search returned 85 essays for "surrogacy":
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Surrogacy is Morally Wrong - In this paper, I argue that if the debate about the morality of surrogacy is couched in terms of respect due to other human beings and the paramount importance of their intimate relationships with one another, then it may be shown that most ordinary instances of surrogacy are morally wrong. Human flourishing cannot be separated from one’s relationships with others and any circumstance which is destructive of such relationships must be considered immoral. The surrogate, unless she is treated as an object or merely as a means to an end, is intimately involved in the relationships between the child and its putative parents and important relationships become ambiguous and so harmed....   [tags: Surrogacy Is Immoral]
:: 6 Works Cited
4193 words
(12 pages)
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India: A Destination for International Surrogacy - ... The price structure and the convenience will also be discussed later on in the paper. DESTINATION is a term which literally means a place or location where someone or something is going or being sent. India as mentioned above has become the place which has become a place where couples are going and fetuses are being sent and transferred, and uteruses are being taken on rent. Readymade babies are got and hence, it has become very easy for any couple to get children. INTERNATIONAL term has been used because around the world, its got recognized....   [tags: embryo, delivery, genes] 786 words
(2.2 pages)
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It Takes Three: Gestational Surrogacy - It Takes Three: Gestational Surrogacy Gestational surrogacy is when a woman, referred to as a surrogate, is pregnant with and gives birth to a baby that is not genetically related to her. A gestational surrogacy usually takes place when a couple is unable to get pregnant and or carry a baby. In most cases it is because a woman has an unhealthy or nonexistent uterus. Gestational surrogacy is also some times used by gay couples who want to start a family. The pregnancy is created with a medical procedure called in vitro fertilization where fertilized eggs are transferred into the surrogate’s uterus using a needle....   [tags: Family Issues]
:: 5 Works Cited
1653 words
(4.7 pages)
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Commodification and Exploitation of Surrogacy - A discussion about surrogacy could result in many different arguments, but one of the most important would be that which deals with the ethical and moral relevance of surrogacy as it relates to both the surrogate and the contracting parents. In terms of ethical and moral relevance, we might consider whether the parties involved are being denied any negative rights and furthermore, how that could produce an unwanted outcome, for example commodification or exploitation. In what follows I will argue that full gestational surrogacy commodifies and exploits women and children; however, I question the negative connotation of the word “exploit” when the surrogate is fully educated about the process...   [tags: wombs for hire, ethical and moral dilemas]
:: 2 Works Cited
1635 words
(4.7 pages)
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Australian Family Law: Surrogacy - FAMILY LAW: SURROGACY Many Australians are turning to surrogacy as their last resort to have a child today. It is a process that has become more recognised popularly used over the years. Surrogacy is an arrangement for a woman to carry and deliver a child for another couple or individual. When the child is born, the birth mother permanently gives up the child to the intended parents. There are many legal issues surrounding surrogacy. Laws regarding this controversial process differ across Australia, and have changed dramatically overtime in Queensland....   [tags: pregnancy, child, birth] 1552 words
(4.4 pages)
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The Case of Commercial Surrogacy - Surrogacy is a scientific alternative of the natural capability of women to procreate. It has turned into an appealing substitute for new couples because of adoption troubles, fertility issues, or high pregnancy risks. However, many still question the efficiency of surrogacy as an alternative to natural reproduction. Proponents mention the advantage of providing couples with an offspring. In fact, commercial surrogacy is deemed to be mutually beneficial; the surrogate earns money while a baby is given to the other contracting party....   [tags: Women, Pregnancy, Fertility Issues]
:: 10 Works Cited
1527 words
(4.4 pages)
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Issues Related to Surrogacy - Issues Related to Surrogacy The general notions with regards to the possibility of surrogacy seem to have old origins.(LT) The history of Surrogacy goes way back to the beginning of time; in the Holy Bible and in Roman history. Surrogacy has been a controversial medical process that has faced authorized issues since its arrival. Because surrogacy is used to help an infertile couple have a child, many people are overlooking the fact that there are risks and difficult choices to go along with this issue....   [tags: Surrogate, Child Bearing] 1217 words
(3.5 pages)
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Ethical Discussion About Surrogacy - Surrogacy is a modern medical treatment, which is the process that a woman carries and delivers the baby for another person or another couple. Ethical problems of this medical technology have been discussed frequently in recent years. Some arguments support surrogacy, some against. Those arguments and ethical issues involved in will be discussed in this paper. From the scientific point of view, there are two major types of surrogacy, which are traditional surrogacy and gestational surrogacy (Brinsden 484)....   [tags: medical treatment, natural insemination]
:: 12 Works Cited
3559 words
(10.2 pages)
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Commercial Surrogacy in India - ... Allowing Indian women to provide for the education of their children empowers them and promotes gender equality. Significantly higher income through commercial surrogacy allows them to contribute to the family in a way that is generally inaccessible to them otherwise. Doctor Nayna Patel asserts that, "with the money, [surrogate mothers] are able to buy a house, educate their children and even start a small business. These are things they could only dream of before. It's a win-win situation” (Bhalla, Mansi)....   [tags: mothers, pregnancy, moral] 735 words
(2.1 pages)
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The Process of Surrogacy and Its Different Types - Surrogacy is an international practice. The use of other women to carry people’s babies is a common and legal practice in many countries. To fully understand why this is a moral issue, you need to understand what it is. A surrogate is a woman who is carrying a baby for another person. Surrogacy is used for many reasons by different couples. The crowd drawn to surrogacy is couples who are infertile and cannot have kids. Such couples include: couples who are too old, couples who are in a homosexual relationship and people who just want a baby by themselves and can’t have one....   [tags: surogracy laws, adoption, surograte]
:: 9 Works Cited
888 words
(2.5 pages)
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Surrogacy Should be Banned in All States - An article titled “Baby M and the Question of Surrogate Motherhood,” discusses the oldest court case involving surrogacy. In this case, the surrogate mother, Mary Beth Whitehead, decided that she did not want to give away the baby she had carried the past nine months. The couple that had hired Whitehead as a surrogate went to court to get their baby back and their case prevailed. The author of the article, Clyde Haberman seems to be unbiased and takes no stance on the issue. He does however bring up that although it is banned in some states, there is no national policy in place regarding surrogacy....   [tags: motherhood, moral, donor]
:: 2 Works Cited
749 words
(2.1 pages)
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Under What Circumstances Should Surrogacy Contracts Be Enforceable - Under What Circumstances Should Surrogacy Contracts Be Enforceable 1. Introduction Karen (1997) proposed that contact surrogacy contracts in the social development process increasingly prominent infertility problems. The advances in biomedical technology may provide a technical solution to this problem. The impact of surrogacy on traditional family values and the impact of the law are subversive. It has changed the traditional ways of the establishment of parentage. It also raised many moral and ethical disputes that whether surrogacy should be legalized....   [tags: legalization, artificial insemination]
:: 7 Works Cited
1904 words
(5.4 pages)
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Surrogacy: What Would You Stop at for Your Family? - Surrogacy is a very controversial topic. Some people are believers, yet some think no matter how desperate someone is to start a family that it’s just not right. Using a surrogate mother, a women who bears a child for another women, makes it possible for couples to have a child with DNA from one or both of the intended parents. Often couples turn to surrogacy if one or both are infertile (unable to reproduce), gay couples, or other medical conditions that cause the mother to be unable to conceive....   [tags: child, infertile, laws, religion, opinon] 1467 words
(4.2 pages)
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Modern Surrogacy: Choosing between Traditional or Gestational - ... Some people, like Charles Dougherty of the Center for Health Policy and Ethics, believe that “it might cause future generations, for example, to think of the human embryo or fetus as interchangeable parts, reproduction as a mechanical process, wombs as organs for rent, etc.” (Dougherty par. 4). Dougherty is mistaken in his view of surrogacy and reproduction technologies because he overlooks the fact that many people view the birth of children as a gift, a miracle. Like physician Elvonne Whitney says, “once embryos, eggs, or sperm are [placed] in the uterus, we have no more control over their further development…God is still in control, and every conception is a miracle” (Whitney 105)....   [tags: morality, parents, donors] 1191 words
(3.4 pages)
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Surrogacy - Surrogacy In today's society, couples with breeding problems and homosexual couples have been increasing. There are a lot of reason which causes them not to be able to breed any child. There can by body problems, or other problems. Those couples will feel lonely and isolated, it will make them envy other parents who have a group of children. There are many alternatives that would allow these couples to have a child. There is Adoption, Fostering, etc. But the main particular method this essay is chosen to discuss is Surrogacy....   [tags: social issues] 559 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Morality of Abortion and Surrogacy - The Morality of Abortion and Surrogacy It is said that, the basic principle of such tradition is that humans communicate through symbols, which are a common currency through which a sense of self is created through interaction with others. Mead's theory neatly avoids the trap of positing a sense of self that is constructed entirely through symbols and society by making a distinction between two different selves: "I" which is the unsocialized self; the font of individual desires and needs, and "me," the socialized self, the self within society....   [tags: Philosophy]
:: 3 Works Cited
1769 words
(5.1 pages)
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IVF Surrogacy - IVF Surrogacy Section 3, of the Surrogate Parenthood Act QLD (1988) states that all forms of surrogacy, altruistic or commercial, are illegal in Queensland as is advertising for both the need of a surrogate and wanting to become one. (http://www.legislation.qld.gov.au) This report will take the view that IVF surrogacy should be legalised in Queensland or made negotiable for couples in certain situations. IVF surrogacy is when, the embryo created using the sperm and ovum of a couple is implanted in the uterus of the surrogate mother, this method is relatively new and is technically possible through the in virto fertilisation program and in this case the baby is...   [tags: Papers] 1713 words
(4.9 pages)
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The Cause and Effects of Surrogate Mother - The main causes of women choose to be surrogate mothers are poverty and kind human being, and its result in physical and mental effects to the surrogate mother. II. Surrogacy is often done or committed is because of poverty. A. Effects of poverty 1. Hunger 2. Sickness B. Surrogacy is becoming a growing business. 1. Earn more money in order to overcome their hardship III. Surrogacy is being done by people. A. Help relative that could not reproduce offspring 1. Strengthen the bonds between family members B. Surrogate mother will feel delighted and happy after giving birth successfully 1. Bring a new life to this world 2. Emotional affected by original parents 3. Feel proud for doing somethi...   [tags: surrogacy, poverty, hunger, pregnancy]
:: 3 Works Cited
1688 words
(4.8 pages)
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Having a Baby Through Assisted Reproductive Technology - ... The sperm needs to meet the eggs and then need to be implanted into the surrogate’s uterine wall. This process is usually done by artificial insemination which means that no sexual intercourse is needed. However, surrogacy is very controversial since it involves some legal issues as well as payment issues. For instance, some countries do not allow you to pay a surrogate since it’s considered to be illegal. As far as the legal issues, Sarah needs to be well prepared to make the appropriate legal arrangements in order to be recognized as the mother of the child....   [tags: ethics, surogacy, fertility] 949 words
(2.7 pages)
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Surrogate Mothers and Parenting - According to the National Health Statistics Reports published in 2013, 11% of women age 15-44 reported impaired fecundity while 12% of men aged 25-44 reported some form of infertility. Until new scientific intervention guarantees a cure for both male and female fertility troubles, couples will continue to rely on Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) and surrogates as viable avenues to establish families and bear biological children. Theoretically, an individual or a couple who solicit the services of a surrogate and the woman who consents to the arrangement of serving as the surrogate both benefit; the employing party is not barred from parenthood due to infertility and the surrogate will...   [tags: bioethics, infertility]
:: 3 Works Cited
1053 words
(3 pages)
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Reproductive Techniques: In Vitro Fertilization - ... For instance the actress Nicole Kidman recently had a daughter, but you’d never know it, because Kidman was never actually pregnant. She and her husband, country star Keith Urban, were unable to conceive, so they hired a surrogate to have the baby for them. There is a big misconception which, I think needs to be stressed out. From the social point of view, it could be somewhat problematic for people to figure out the reason and motive why surrogate performing this duty for. Majority of them believe that it is only for the money, but there are tons of reasons why surrogates would want to help infertile couples to have a baby....   [tags: surrogate parenthood, pregnancy] 1191 words
(3.4 pages)
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Surrogate Motherhood and Technology - Surrogate Motherhood and Technology Surrogacy: The Technology Reproductive technologies have a lot to do with the theology of the family. One aspect of reproductive technology deals with the issue of pregnancy for profit. This concept is known as surrogacy, and it is used for procreation. Ten to fifteen percent of married couples are unable to have children of their own.1 A surrogate mother is a woman who carries the child, usually for an infertile couple. Surrogacy has been around for a long time; it dates back to biblical times....   [tags: Pregnancy Reproduction Essays]
:: 7 Works Cited
3204 words
(9.2 pages)
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What is a Surrogate - A surrogate is a woman who gestates a fetus for others, often times it is for another couple or a mother. She carries the pregnancy and let them adopt the baby legally after it is born. Surrogate arrangements are generally complex: it takes different arrangements and contacts in order to start the surrogacy. Some women are getting paid to fulfill the job of being a surrogate mother, ranging from $10,000 to $30,000 (p. 398), while others do not expect any kind of payment. Some states had outlawed surrogacy, for they believe that it is illegal to involve the buying and selling of children (baby-selling) for it is a “blatant affront to human dignity” (p....   [tags: mother, carries pregnancy for others] 1440 words
(4.1 pages)
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The Surrogate Mother - Womb For Rent - The Surrogate Mother - Womb For Rent        In 2000 the United Nations Populations Fund (UNFPA) defined reproductive rights as "the basic rights of couples and individuals to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing and timing of their children; to have the information and means to do so; and to have the right to make decisions concerning reproduction, free of discrimination, coercion or violence."[1] Traditionally society defines reproductive rights in the context of one's being able to make decisions about his or her own reproduction; other individuals, unrelated to that person, were not considered as being involved in the decision....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
:: 13 Works Cited
1489 words
(4.3 pages)
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Should Surrogate Motherhood be Allowed? - Surrogate Motherhood is when one women carries to term the fertilized egg of another woman. This procedure is chosen by married couples who can not conceive a child in the “natural way”. In some occasions the mother may be able to produce an egg, but has no womb or some other physical problem which prevents her from carrying a child. Whether or not the husband can produce a large amount of sperm is not a problem. Once the egg and sperm are combined in a petri dish fertilization is very likely to occur....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 1 Works Cited
997 words
(2.8 pages)
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Surrogate Motherhood - Surrogate motherhood refers to that condition of a fertile (footnote) woman who has been contracted to become impregnated via reproductive technologies such as donor or artificial insemination. It is that condition wherein that fertile woman also has agreed to transfer her rights on the child to the biological parents after giving birth. This is bounded by a contract that was signed by the contracting parents and the surrogate. The reasons for this generally fall into two categories. Either the contracting couple is unable to produce a child or they would prefer to eliminate or enhance certain genetic traits....   [tags: essays research papers] 2526 words
(7.2 pages)
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Surrogate Mothers Must Not be Allowed to Profit - Surrogate Mothers Must Not be Allowed to Profit       Infertility affects an estimated 6.1 million people in the United States, or 10% of the reproductive age population (1). For many couples, infertility carries a stigma with serious personal and social ramifications. Infertile couples face social rejection by friends and family with children and must also come to terms with the loss of lifelong dreams of rearing children. The psychological trauma associated with infertility has created a great demand for a solution, and the medical industry has responded with eagerness....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]
:: 4 Works Cited
1453 words
(4.2 pages)
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Surrogate Motherhood - Surrogate Motherhood is something that not many people actually support, even though it “is one of the many reproductive techniques that have enabled infertile couples to have children” (qtd. in Freedman). There are two types of surrogacy, traditional and gestational. The traditional type of surrogacy involves the surrogate mother being (AI) artificially inseminated with the sperm of the intended father or sperm from a donor when the sperm count is low. In either case the surrogate’s own egg will be used....   [tags: Women's Health]
:: 5 Works Cited
907 words
(2.6 pages)
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Christian Attitudes and the Attitudes of Islam to Help Infertile Couples Have Children - Christian Attitudes and the Attitudes of Islam to Help Infertile Couples Have Children The responses to these treatments such as IVF, AID, AIH, Surrogacy, Fertility drugs and a few more have a varied response between different types of Christians and different types of Muslims. Some are for it, others against it, and others are only for certain types of infertility treatments. There are no specific teachings in the Bible about infertility treatments, however the Bible was written before knowledge of medical science....   [tags: Papers] 483 words
(1.4 pages)
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The Negatives of Surrogate Mothering - “In the U.S. surrogacy is less regulated than used car sales” (Humphreys). Surrogate mothering has been around for many years, and is becoming even more publically common in today’s society. The most technical way to describe a “full” surrogate transaction would be as follows, “the implanting of an embryo created using either the eggs and sperm or both of the intended parents…” (Arnold). This in turn would mean that the carrying mother would have no genetic connection with the child. This also allows the parents of the child being carried have full genetic connection to the child, making the whole family unit that much stronger....   [tags: Family and Genetics]
:: 9 Works Cited
1906 words
(5.4 pages)
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Ethical Concerns of Assisted Reproduction - The advancement and continued developments of third-party assisted reproductive medical practices has allowed many prospective parents, regardless of their marital status, age, or sexual orientation, to have a new opportunity for genetically or biologically connected children. With these developments come a number of rather complex ethical issues and ongoing discussions regarding assisted reproduction within our society today. These issues include the use of reproductive drugs, gestational services such as surrogacy as well as the rights of those seeking these drugs and services and the responsibilities of the professionals who offer and practice these services....   [tags: medical practices, fertility drug]
:: 1 Works Cited
1022 words
(2.9 pages)
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Lesbian and Gay Coparenting - As scholars investigate complex family system, the research on how partners work together to parent children increases. Coparenting is a unique component in a family relationship where parents function on a continuum between working together and struggling against each to make parental decisions. Historically, traditional coparenting referred to the collaboration between a man and a woman to raise their children. However, important social changes have led to other forms of coparenting in families....   [tags: complex family systems]
:: 4 Works Cited
2014 words
(5.8 pages)
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Christian Attitudes To Treatments that Help Couples Who Are Infertile - Christian Attitudes To Treatments that Help Couples Who Are Infertile Many Christians believe that a child is a gift from God and many Christians will accept the different treatments such as IVF as long as only the infertile couple is involved and not a third party, so for IVF, just the woman’s’ egg and the man’s sperm. AIH (artificial insemination by husband), maybe the preferred fertility treatment for Christians because it safeguards the sanctity of marriage. Christians believe that God is the creator not man/animals were given for mans benefit, but not to be abused/created and sustains all life/man made in his image/ each soul is unique and Christ died for the...   [tags: Papers] 497 words
(1.4 pages)
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Religious Attitudes Toward Fertility - Religious Attitudes Toward Fertility Religious attitudes towards fertility treatments can determine whether a couple can have children. Different faiths have different attitudes towards these treatments. Within the Christian faith, there are two very different views on this matter. Roman Catholics believe that there are none of these treatments that should be used because they think that life is a gift from god, and we must not tamper with life. They think that no one has the right to have children, and children are not ‘merchandise’....   [tags: Papers] 511 words
(1.5 pages)
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surrogate mothers - A Surrogate Mother is defined as “an adult woman who enters into an agreement to bear a child conceived through assisted conception for intended parents.” The couple is usually referred to as intended parents who enter into an agreement providing that they will be the parents of a child born to a surrogate through assisted conception, using an egg or sperm of at least one parent. 1 RIGHT - Surrogate motherhood is a right entitled to those who are ready and able to take on the responsibility of parenthood....   [tags: essays research papers] 1132 words
(3.2 pages)
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Treating Infertility - Infertility is the inability to naturally concieve a child, or to carry a pregnancy full term. This could be down to the male in the partnership, the female, or in some cases, both. Infertility affects approximately 10% of people of reproductive age. Roughly 40% of cases involve a male contribution or factor, 40% involve a female factor, and the remainder involve both sexes. There are several different reasons why a couple may be unable to concieve naturally, if a woman is unable to concieve it may be down to general factors - for example, significant liver disease, Ovarian Factors such as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, Cervical factors such as Insufficient cervical mucus, Vaginal factors such...   [tags: essays research papers] 1159 words
(3.3 pages)
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Religion and Medical Issues - Religion and Medical Issues Tremaine Bilham (a) (i) Infertility Treatments In Western world in recent years, infertility has become more of an issue. It is estimated that as many as 1 in 10 couples in Britain are affected by infertility. Embryology is the collective term used to describe the many solutions for infertility provided by medical technology: Ø In-vitro fertilisation (IVF) is the process whereby an ovum (egg) is withdrawn from a woman's ovaries and fertilised with a man's semen under laboratory conditions....   [tags: Papers] 2089 words
(6 pages)
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Paid Parental Leave - Parental Leave: Paid parental leave should be equal and for both parents once a child is born Recently women’s rights and women’s equality in the workplace has come back to the fore as a topic for discussion in government agencies and the United Nations. Whilst this is a very important topic, when it comes to time off from work when a new child is born, women in the US have some provision, whereas men have none. The Family and Medical Aid Act (FLMA), of 1993, provides for 12 weeks of unpaid, job protected leave for certain specified events (8)....   [tags: Children, Parents, Parental Leave]
:: 6 Works Cited
903 words
(2.6 pages)
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Over-Doing Surrogate Mother - There are many women who are not able to carry children or birth them. The good thing about this that there are other women that can carry them babies for them until birth. This is a relationship in which one woman bears and gives birth to a child for a person or a couple who then adopts or takes legal custody of the children; also called mothering by proxy. In surrogate motherhood, one woman acts as a surrogate, or replacement, mother for another woman, sometimes called the intended mother, who either cannot produce fertile eggs or cannot carry a pregnancy through to birth, or term....   [tags: babies, relationship, birth]
:: 4 Works Cited
1165 words
(3.3 pages)
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Discrimination Against Homosexuality - Homosexuality is term to describe a person who is sexually attracted to those of the same gender. Homosexuality can be used to refer both gay and lesbian. Discrimination against homosexuality has been an important issue that has produced a number of victims and it is crucial to stop this unnecessary death. Although homosexuality might be considered a blasphemy in a religious point of view, discrimination against homosexuality can lead to bullying, depression and suicidal tendencies which is against humanity....   [tags: same gender, gays, lesbians]
:: 9 Works Cited
1021 words
(2.9 pages)
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Rights and Issues of Procreation - Issues of Procreation: The right to procreate and bear children is a constitutional protection for every individual in addition to the right to marry. However, procreation is a subject that has attracted huge concerns and debates in the recent past, especially because of the development of modern reproductive assistance technology. This advancement has contributed to the emergence of several issues on this topic because it has made procreation to be an increasingly instant and practical process....   [tags: insemination, abortion, fertilization] 590 words
(1.7 pages)
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Christianity And Infertility - Christianity And Infertility In this coursework (essay) I will be talking about the Christian attitudes towards infertility treatments and explain that there are different views on this subject and why. But because there is nothing in the Bible specifically about these treatments, I will have to do some research about it and try to get different Christian views on this subject. However there some teachings in the Bible that can help us to understand Christian views on these treatments....   [tags: Papers] 636 words
(1.8 pages)
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A Comparison of the Themes of Blade Runner and Brave New World - A Comparison of the Themes of Blade Runner and Brave New World ‘Humanity likes to think of itself as more sophisticated than the wild yet it cannot really escape its need for the natural world’ Despite different contexts both Aldous Huxley within his book Brave New World and Ridley Scott in the film Blade Runner explore the idea that humans feel themselves more sophisticated than the natural world, yet are able to completely sever relations between humanity and the nature....   [tags: Papers] 1473 words
(4.2 pages)
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The Treatments Available to Help Infertile Couples to Have Children - The Treatments Available to Help Infertile Couples to Have Children There are a variety of treatments available to help infertile couples to have children as infertility is increasingly becoming a recognised problem. Infertility is the term used to describe the inability to conceive or the inability to carry a pregnancy to a live child after regular sexual intercourse without the use of contraception. If you continue to have sexual intercourse without contraception for a year or more and still cannot have a child you are generally deemed infertile....   [tags: Papers] 960 words
(2.7 pages)
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Weighing the Right to Own an Embryo by Mike McKee - Writing to a Legal Audience Mike McKee’s article, "Weighing the Right to Own an Embryo," made the front page of the Recorder, a daily legal newspaper published in San Francisco reporting on legal advice and interests of attorneys and legal practitioners. How did he make his article such a success. What made it front page worthy in the eyes of this legal audience. McKee’s article, "Weighing the Right to Own an Embryo," appeals to a legal audience by presenting an unbiased framework and evidence....   [tags: Legal Audience Article]
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1276 words
(3.6 pages)
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What makes anyone a legal parent? - What makes anyone a legal parent. How easy is it for the courts to decide who should be the legal parent of a child. With the advances in assisted reproduction technology (ART), such as surrogacy and in vitro fertilization (IVF), more people both inside and outside the traditional relationships of a biological mother and father have a chance to have a child. These families consist of single parents and also same sex couples. With same sex relationships, a third party has to be involved, which could be either a surrogate mother or a male donor....   [tags: Essays Papers]
:: 6 Works Cited
1755 words
(5 pages)
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The Principle of Substituted Judgment - The Principle of Substituted Judgment Traditionally, the physician was expected to use all of their talents and training in an effort to save the life of their patient, no matter the odds. More recently, the physician’s role has been redefined to preserve the autonomy of the patient. Now physicians must give life saving care only in so far and to the degree desirous of the competent patient. Until this century, it was rare that brain-dead patients could be kept alive for long periods of time....   [tags: Medical Ethics Physician Assisted Suicide Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited
1463 words
(4.2 pages)
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Treatments for Infertile Couples - Treatments for Infertile Couples There are many people in the UKwho are infertile. To be infertile means to be unable to produce offspring. These people all have different medical problems which fortunately have many solutions however with disadvantages as well as advantages. However some people choose to stay infertile no matter how much they want a child. They might believe in a particular religion where it teaches that only God has the right to decide matters of life and death and he would be the one to decide whether they should have a child or not....   [tags: Papers] 1064 words
(3 pages)
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Infertility Treatments - What does infertility mean. Women who are infertile cannot get pregnant after trying for one year, or 6 months if they are over the age of 35. Women are also said to be infertile if they can get pregnant but are unable to stay pregnant. Men who are infertile have a problem called varicosele, which is when the veins on the man’s testicles are too large and overheat the sperm (Blonna, Carter, and Levitan, 2010). Men who produce sperm that is unable to move properly, or if they are not the right shape, may have trouble reproducing (www.medicinet.com/infertility/article.htm)....   [tags: Medical Research]
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1124 words
(3.2 pages)
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Gay or Lesbian Parenting and the Psychological Effects on Their Adoptive Children - ... Same-sex couples do not raise their children any differently than heterosexual couples raise their children. Throughout the adoptive child’s life, the adoptive parents must explain to the child why he/she was adopted, but for gay adoptive parents, explanation of their sexual orientation must also be explained using “age appropriate language” (Gateway Child Wellfare Information). Recently, research has shown that gay and lesbian parents share the parental characteristics of support, protection, and stability that children need....   [tags: same-sex couples, non-traditional households]
:: 7 Works Cited
892 words
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Delaying Childbearing: Why it is Important to Have Children While in College - Like many other women, I was raised in a family that repetitively told me that I needed to finish school before thinking about getting married, and definitely before having kids. This made sense when I became an adult, why not put all my focus into my schooling. Yet, for me that would mean that I would be in my early thirties when I finished school. This has become the norm for women to marry and have children in there 30s, then in years past, where they were in their early to mid-twenties. After completing my first bachelor’s degree, I got engaged; I was in a perfect place, and I was not going to hold off just so I could finish school....   [tags: obstacle, personal experience, medical school]
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Should Marriage for Same Sex Couples be Legal in United States? - Marriage as generally define is the union between one man and one woman. However a recent debate over same-sex marriage has stirred a nationwide debate reverberating in the halls of Congress, at the White House, in dozens of state courtrooms and legislatures, and is also becoming a speech-making topic for election campaigns at both the national and state levels. As the debate for this controversial topic rages on, the American religious community view on the topic remains deeply divided over the matter and over the morality of homosexuality in general....   [tags: Same Sex Marriage, argumentative, persuasive]
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The body of the Indian Woman: A tool of nationalistic discourse - The body of the Indian Woman: A tool of nationalistic discourse The genre of Bollywood film has recently become a popular means of entertainment for the non-resident Indian as well as the western audience. The vibrant color, spontaneous dance numbers, and other alluring factors may have contributed in the popularity of Bollywood films. However, for the NRI, Bollywood films are mean of a connection to the motherland; it brings a sense of nostalgia through cultural and tradition practices. In Chutney Popcorn and Bride and Prejudice, we see how these cultural practices and tradition are preserved by using the woman’s body....   [tags: Bollywood Films] 2996 words
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Changing Family Structure in America from a Functionalist Perspective - “Leave it to Beaver” was a popular sitcom about a traditional nuclear family played out through the perspective of an adolescent boy whose curiosity and antics often got him into trouble (TV.com). Despite the show promoting positive family values, it also inadvertently shed light on a historically dark period of time in American history. One such instance was the lack of diversity on the show. Nearly 100% of the show’s characters were white throughout the six-season, 234 episode series. In the single episode that depicted an African-American, the character was a servant, further a reflection of the times when African-Americans where predominantly seen and treated as second-class citizens (L...   [tags: Leave it to Beaver, Popular Sitcom, Nuclear Family]
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The Need For an Educational Background on Cloning - Clones would also have an increased risk of birth defects, if they survived to term. It would be obligatory for doctors and nurses to care for these children. The care that a cloned child might need, would be focusing on physiological and psychological needs. Nurses could also assist the clones and their family with identity crises, by counseling them. This would help them develop a close bond, and would convey acceptance. This bond would help the child develop security as well. This makes education on developmental abnormalities and cloning crucial for the medical society....   [tags: nuclear transfer, genetically identical, dna]
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Analysis of Child Prostitution over the World - Forced child prostitution is all over the world. However, I am talking specifically about human trafficking overseas. This is one of the most known places for Child Prostitution. Children are being snatched and forced to do drugs and sell their bodies to make money for the pimp’s. This is an issue to our country because our children are being kidnapped. We really can’t do much here because they are extremely hard to find. When you’re running a business like this you have to make sure you never get caught because if they find you, there will be hell to pay....   [tags: human trafficking, prostitution, sex traffick]
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The Moral Issues of Artificial Insemination - Although infertility is a significant problem in the United States today, “artificial reproductive technologies” are often avoided due to negative perceptions (Barbieri 203). In 2005 10 percent of American couples were infertile. There are numerous causes that sometimes can be avoided. When there is no way to fix it, there are ways to treat it. Stress can cause infertility because hormones take over the body producing more cortisol which suppresses sperm count (U.S.: 2.1). The added physical, mental and financial pressures of assisted reproduction can decrease the chances of pregnancy....   [tags: Ethics ]
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Human Trafficking's Relationship with the Media - Mass Comm. Theory and Research Human Trafficking’s Relationship with the Media Introduction "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness (Declaration of Independence, ).” In the media there have been many movies, documentaries, articles, television broadcasts that centered on raising awareness for human trafficking. It has been going on for far too long and many don’t realize or recognize that is going on strongly in America and to Americans; as well as, surrounding countries....   [tags: news broadcast sources] 2422 words
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Intervention Programs: What are Social Parents? - ... The cost of access to Good Beginnings organisation programs are free to children and families, with support ranging from supported playgrounds and literacy programs to fathering initiatives, at-home volunteer visiting for new parents, and intensive family support. Good Beginnings provides free early childhood and practical parenting programs for children and families across Australia, based at our Early Years Centre or visits to your home. The source of funding for Good Beginnings to operate is through donation programs in which allows this organisation to continue providing free programs to children and families in vulnerable communities....   [tags: genetic materials, children, australia] 739 words
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Surrogate Motherhood: Comparing Two Articles - “Time to Ban Surrogate Motherhood,” written by Lynda Hurst and “Surrogate Motherhood: Why it Should Be Permitted,” written by Allan C. Hutchinson, are persuasive texts where the authors’ attempts to influence the audience to agree with their side of the argument on surrogate motherhood. According to The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, surrogate motherhood is defined as, “a woman who bears a child for another person, often for pay, either through artificial insemination or by carrying until birth another woman's surgically implanted fertilized egg.” Since the persuasive works are published in different newspapers, one being The Toronto Star and the other being The Glob...   [tags: Surrogate Motherhood, ] 1324 words
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Same-Sex Parents and Their Children - Same-sex parents and their children Nowadays, the question of gay marriage is one of the most heated and controversial. Over the years, same-sex couples are fighting for the legal recognition for their marriages and their right as parents. Parenthood is one of the most valuable experiences in a human life. After finding a partner, it is natural for people to want to raise children. Homosexual parent are the same in ability and commitment to raised healthy children. It would be a big step for improvement in our society to provide necessary support and rights for same-sex couples and their children....   [tags: Homosexuality, argumentative, persuasive]
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Germline Engineering and Reprogenetic Technologies - Modern technologies are constantly advancing in a multitude of ways to the degree that scientists have gained enough knowledgeable about the human genome to be able to find specific genes during the embryonic stage of reproduction. Scientists have already begun to use this knowledge to allow parents the ability to select the sex of their child and screen for genetic diseases via preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) with in vitro fertilization (IVF). Sex-selection has already created world-wide discussion regarding the ethics of such a situation....   [tags: Genetic Engineering ]
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The Battle for Homosexual Adoption - “If it was me,” declares Texas legislator Robert Talton, “I would rather [leave] kids in orphanages as such – this is where they are now if they’re not fostered out. At least they have a chance of learning the proper values” (Sanchez). Such a mindset betrays Talton’s ignorance of children raised in same-sex households. The blame does not solely fall on him though; many people in the world today are in the dark about whether or not to allow gay and lesbian parents to adopt children. Many research studies conclude that children are not adversely affected in any way from growing up in homosexual households; however, the fight for same-sex parents to be joined in marriage goes on, not only for...   [tags: Homosexuality ]
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Same-Sex Parenting and Child Development - Same-Sex Parenting In the last ten years, many established gay men and lesbians have been increasingly undertaking parenthood through donor insemination, surrogacy, or fostering and adoption (McCann, 2005). Thus, a new type of family formation in American society has been generated. Due to the formation of same-sex households, gay and lesbian parenting is no longer a concept. This type of parenting has become a reality which society as a whole is struggling to accept (McCann, 2005). In 2010, the U.S....   [tags: Sociology]
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The Fight for Gay Rights - The fight to legalize gay marriage has won many battles in recent years. It has become available in Canada, England, New Zealand, and here in the United States it is now legal in 13 states (religioustolerence.org). Gay couples have become more prominently accepted in modern society, appearing in popular TV shows such as “Modern Family” and “The New Normal”. Gay marriage is even the inspiration for popular songs such as “Same Love” by Macklemore & Ryan Lewis. Even with same sex couples being more commonly accepted, there are still conservative and religious leaders that remain opposed....   [tags: Gay Marriage, Legalization]
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Down syndrome: A Genetic disorder - Down syndrome: A Genetic disorder Each year in the United States, about 13 out of every 10,000 babies are born with Down syndrome, also called trisomy 21 (Johnson). Being the “most common chromosome disorder and genetic cause of intellectual disability”, Down syndrome equally affects males and females as well as all different races (Johnson). In other words, Down syndrome does not show any preference for a specific gender or race. Unfortunately, those who are affected by Down syndrome experience a number of problems throughout their lives which limit their quality of life and health....   [tags: trisomy 21, chromosome disorder]
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Infertility Treatments: Is it Ethical? - In this day and age several factors have changed the definition of a family. We live in a time where careers, education, and work are now put before starting a family, making it more difficult to have children. The traditional family archetype has changed with a rise in single and homosexual parenting. This change, even though it is a positive one, can result in several people being unable to have children. Infertility treatments have become a popular option for these people who cannot have children....   [tags: fertility medications, hormones ]
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The Ethical Debate Over Cloning - Of the many complex scientific processes, cloning is perhaps the most well known. But it is also arguably the most commonly misunderstood of those same processes. Cloning is the process of replicating the DNA of cells and then allowing the new cells to grow. Portrayal of cloning in the media is almost never even close to the actual process. Many people have used the lack of knowledge caused by the media to convince people of their anti-cloning standpoints. Cloning has been deeply opposed on the grounds of its immorality, but human cloning is moral and extremely helpful for enhancing human lives....   [tags: misconception, Tay-Sachs disease]
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The Emotional Side of Infertility - Infertility is essentially the inability to conceive after one year of timely unprotected sexual intercourse and, or the inability to carry a pregnancy to live birth (Glover, 2008, p. 209). Of the many possible causes for infertility, 70% of the cases are attributed to natural causes and the remainder due to idiopathic, or unexplained factors (Kraaij, 2009, p. 19). Infertility is a complex medical issue that not only affects a woman physiologically, but also impinges on many other aspects of her life....   [tags: pregnancy, treatments, impact] 1669 words
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Parenthood: Parents and Step Parenting - A Parent is a person who sires or gives birth to and/nurtures and raises an offspring. Becoming a parent or carer is one of the most demanding jobs there is. There are different types of parenting such as biological parents and social parents. Biological parents are the parents who produce and provide the genetic material for a child. This parenting begins at the moment of conception. Social parents are individuals who care for a child without providing genetic material. They may be adoptive, foster, step or surrogate parents....   [tags: having a baby, biological parents] 2326 words
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Stages of In Vitro Ferlization - ... 6 Developments in IVF have enabled the use of donor eggs that have been fertilised and ‘frozen’ to keep the embryo viable. This can be implanted if a couple is unable to use their own eggs for IVF. Donor eggs have been used in approximately 10% of assisted reproductive technology. For women under 35, the success rate using fresh embryos is 46.3% whereas the success rate of frozen embryos is 39.3%. As women age, there is lower the chance of a successful pregnancy in both fresh and frozen embryos.(Figure 2) 7 When concerning the health of IVF children, studies have reported an elevated blood pressure and problems with cardio metabolic health due to the hormone regimen used to...   [tags: superovulation, pregnancy rates] 1116 words
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Islam And Infertility - Islam And Infertility In this essay I will be talking about the Islamic attitudes towards infertility treatments and explain that there are different views on this subject and why. But because there is nothing in the Qur'an specifically about these treatments, I will have to do some research about it and try to get different Islamic views on this subject. However there some teachings in the Qur'an that can help us to understand Islamic views on these treatments. I will try to get two different views on these treatments....   [tags: Papers] 732 words
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Effects of Same-sex Parenting - Since the 1970s, studies on the effect of same-sex parenting on children have been conducted in the United States. Sociological debates have occurred from the idea of allowing same-sex couples to parent. Some groups feel that allowing this would undermine the traditional ideology of marriage and skew the perception of gender roles for their children. Sociologists continue to produce empirical research that studies samples of the approximately 125,000 same-sex couples raising nearly 220,000 children and comparing their roles as parents and the adult personalities of their children to children raised by heterosexual couples....   [tags: relationships, children, gay] 657 words
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The Treatments Available to Help Infertile Couples Have Children - The Treatments Available to Help Infertile Couples Have Children For many people the purpose of marriage is procreation. However for some people this is difficult. One in ten women have problems conceiving children today in Britain and two million people are infertile. Infertility is when a man or women is unable to conceive a baby. There are many different reasons why some women can’t conceive children naturally such as genetic reasons that have been passed down though their genes....   [tags: Papers] 492 words
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The Light and Dark Side of DNA Technology - The Light and Dark Side of DNA Technology As with most modern advances, DNA technology has opened the door to a vast new world of discovery. On the positive side, DNA aids us in the fight against disease, such as cancer, and many genetic disorders, such as muscular dystrophy. Yet many in society are concerned with the ethical issue of using DNA in matters such as cloning, genetic tampering, and the irratication of less than perfect fetuses resulting selective human reproduction. Most diseases have a genetic basis, therefore if scientists are able to locate the genes that are responsible for diseases, it would aid in the treatment and prevention of disease....   [tags: Papers] 449 words
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Fertility Drugs: Are they worth it? - Fertility Drugs: Are they worth it. Over the past few years there seems to have been an increase in the amount of couples that have used fertility drugs and ended up having nine or more children. The couples' stories have been aired on the news, and when interviewed, many of the couples stated that they only wanted one child, but because one of the spouses was infertile, they were unable to get pregnant. At the advice of their doctor, the couple took fertility drugs, and the result was the rapid expansion of their family....   [tags: Pregnancy Reproduction Medical Essays]
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Caryl Phillips' The Nature of Blood - Caryl Phillips' The Nature of Blood On its most immediate level, Caryl Phillips’ The Nature of Blood narrates several stories of the Jewish Diaspora, using the familiar Shakespearean character Othello to provide a counterpoint to the others’ experiences of displacement. The Nature of Blood thus initially seems to fit awkwardly among texts by other West Indian authors who use the Caribbean as the setting of their work or incorporate West Indian characters into their work. Through his multi-stranded narrative, however, Phillips creates a geographical setting that mirrors the multi-regional influence of the Caribbean....   [tags: Caryl Phillips Nature Blood Essays]
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Is the Body Ownable - Is the Body Ownable The way Jennifer Church approaches the issue of body ownership in “Ownership and the Body”, it sounds as though that we own our bodies is a given fact, and the controversy is over what follows from this and why it is important to have a discussion of this fact. I, however, intend to argue that it is a bad move to allow for the idea of self-ownership (or any sort of ownership of subjects), that it is more likely to perpetuate problems than to solve them to think in this way, and that the belief in the possibility of body/self-ownership is rooted primarily in linguistic ambiguities (“property” vs....   [tags: Philosophy Papers]
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Ethical and Professional Implications - Ethical and Professional Implications The autonomy of a competent patient is an issue not often debated in medical ethics. Refusal of unwanted treatment is a basic right, likened to the common law of battery, available to all people capable of a competent choice. These fundamental rules of medical ethics entered a completely new forum as medical technology developed highly effective life-sustaining care during the 20th century. Several watershed cases elucidated these emerging issues in the 1960’s and 70’s, none more effectively than that of Karen Ann Quinlan....   [tags: Physician Assisted Suicide Medical Ethics Essays]
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Treatments for Infertile Couples - Treatments for Infertile Couples There are many different types of treatments available to help infertile couples have children. Some of theses treatments are Artificial insemination and GIFT. Artificial insemination is when the partner or husbands sperm count is low. Some samples of the sperm are taken and inserted into the women’s womb. This method has been available for over 50 years however it has a low success rate. GIFT or gamete intra – fallopian transfer is when the sperm and the egg are fertilised by an air bubble in a fine tube....   [tags: Papers] 1193 words
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