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Surrogacy - Surrogacy In today's society, couples with breeding problems and homosexual couples have been increasing. There are a lot of reason which causes them not to be able to breed any child. There can by body problems, or other problems. Those couples will feel lonely and isolated, it will make them envy other parents who have a group of children. There are many alternatives that would allow these couples to have a child. There is Adoption, Fostering, etc. But the main particular method this essay is chosen to discuss is Surrogacy....   [tags: social issues] 559 words
(1.6 pages)
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Surrogacy - Surrogacy In this paper, I argue that if the debate about the morality of surrogacy is couched in terms of respect due to other human beings and the paramount importance of their intimate relationships with one another, then it may be shown that most ordinary instances of surrogacy are morally wrong. Human flourishing cannot be separated from one’s relationships with others and any circumstance which is destructive of such relationships must be considered immoral. The surrogate, unless she is treated as an object or merely as a means to an end, is intimately involved in the relationships between the child and its putative parents and important relationships become ambiguous and so harmed....   [tags: Surrogate Infertile Pregnancy Papers] 4193 words
(12 pages)
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IVF Surrogacy - IVF Surrogacy Section 3, of the Surrogate Parenthood Act QLD (1988) states that all forms of surrogacy, altruistic or commercial, are illegal in Queensland as is advertising for both the need of a surrogate and wanting to become one. (http://www.legislation.qld.gov.au) This report will take the view that IVF surrogacy should be legalised in Queensland or made negotiable for couples in certain situations. IVF surrogacy is when, the embryo created using the sperm and ovum of a couple is implanted in the uterus of the surrogate mother, this method is relatively new and is technically possible through the in virto fertilisation program and in this case the baby is of no relation to the surrogate....   [tags: Papers] 1713 words
(4.9 pages)
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It Takes Three: Gestational Surrogacy - It Takes Three: Gestational Surrogacy Gestational surrogacy is when a woman, referred to as a surrogate, is pregnant with and gives birth to a baby that is not genetically related to her. A gestational surrogacy usually takes place when a couple is unable to get pregnant and or carry a baby. In most cases it is because a woman has an unhealthy or nonexistent uterus. Gestational surrogacy is also some times used by gay couples who want to start a family. The pregnancy is created with a medical procedure called in vitro fertilization where fertilized eggs are transferred into the surrogate’s uterus using a needle....   [tags: Family Issues]
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1653 words
(4.7 pages)
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Issues Related to Surrogacy - Issues Related to Surrogacy The general notions with regards to the possibility of surrogacy seem to have old origins.(LT) The history of Surrogacy goes way back to the beginning of time; in the Holy Bible and in Roman history. Surrogacy has been a controversial medical process that has faced authorized issues since its arrival. Because surrogacy is used to help an infertile couple have a child, many people are overlooking the fact that there are risks and difficult choices to go along with this issue....   [tags: Surrogate, Child Bearing] 1217 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Morality of Abortion and Surrogacy - The Morality of Abortion and Surrogacy It is said that, the basic principle of such tradition is that humans communicate through symbols, which are a common currency through which a sense of self is created through interaction with others. Mead's theory neatly avoids the trap of positing a sense of self that is constructed entirely through symbols and society by making a distinction between two different selves: "I" which is the unsocialized self; the font of individual desires and needs, and "me," the socialized self, the self within society....   [tags: Philosophy]
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1769 words
(5.1 pages)
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Surrogate Motherhood - Surrogate motherhood refers to that condition of a fertile (footnote) woman who has been contracted to become impregnated via reproductive technologies such as donor or artificial insemination. It is that condition wherein that fertile woman also has agreed to transfer her rights on the child to the biological parents after giving birth. This is bounded by a contract that was signed by the contracting parents and the surrogate. The reasons for this generally fall into two categories. Either the contracting couple is unable to produce a child or they would prefer to eliminate or enhance certain genetic traits....   [tags: essays research papers] 2526 words
(7.2 pages)
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Surrogate Motherhood and Technology - Surrogate Motherhood and Technology Surrogacy: The Technology Reproductive technologies have a lot to do with the theology of the family. One aspect of reproductive technology deals with the issue of pregnancy for profit. This concept is known as surrogacy, and it is used for procreation. Ten to fifteen percent of married couples are unable to have children of their own.1 A surrogate mother is a woman who carries the child, usually for an infertile couple. Surrogacy has been around for a long time; it dates back to biblical times....   [tags: Pregnancy Reproduction Essays]
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3204 words
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Surrogate Motherhood - Surrogate Motherhood is something that not many people actually support, even though it “is one of the many reproductive techniques that have enabled infertile couples to have children” (qtd. in Freedman). There are two types of surrogacy, traditional and gestational. The traditional type of surrogacy involves the surrogate mother being (AI) artificially inseminated with the sperm of the intended father or sperm from a donor when the sperm count is low. In either case the surrogate’s own egg will be used....   [tags: Women's Health]
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907 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Surrogate Mother - Womb For Rent - The Surrogate Mother - Womb For Rent        In 2000 the United Nations Populations Fund (UNFPA) defined reproductive rights as "the basic rights of couples and individuals to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing and timing of their children; to have the information and means to do so; and to have the right to make decisions concerning reproduction, free of discrimination, coercion or violence."[1] Traditionally society defines reproductive rights in the context of one's being able to make decisions about his or her own reproduction; other individuals, unrelated to that person, were not considered as being involved in the decision....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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1489 words
(4.3 pages)
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Should Surrogate Motherhood be Allowed? - Surrogate Motherhood is when one women carries to term the fertilized egg of another woman. This procedure is chosen by married couples who can not conceive a child in the “natural way”. In some occasions the mother may be able to produce an egg, but has no womb or some other physical problem which prevents her from carrying a child. Whether or not the husband can produce a large amount of sperm is not a problem. Once the egg and sperm are combined in a petri dish fertilization is very likely to occur....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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997 words
(2.8 pages)
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Surrogate Mothers Must Not be Allowed to Profit - Surrogate Mothers Must Not be Allowed to Profit       Infertility affects an estimated 6.1 million people in the United States, or 10% of the reproductive age population (1). For many couples, infertility carries a stigma with serious personal and social ramifications. Infertile couples face social rejection by friends and family with children and must also come to terms with the loss of lifelong dreams of rearing children. The psychological trauma associated with infertility has created a great demand for a solution, and the medical industry has responded with eagerness....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]
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1453 words
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surrogate mothers - A Surrogate Mother is defined as “an adult woman who enters into an agreement to bear a child conceived through assisted conception for intended parents.” The couple is usually referred to as intended parents who enter into an agreement providing that they will be the parents of a child born to a surrogate through assisted conception, using an egg or sperm of at least one parent. 1 RIGHT - Surrogate motherhood is a right entitled to those who are ready and able to take on the responsibility of parenthood....   [tags: essays research papers] 1132 words
(3.2 pages)
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Treating Infertility - Infertility is the inability to naturally concieve a child, or to carry a pregnancy full term. This could be down to the male in the partnership, the female, or in some cases, both. Infertility affects approximately 10% of people of reproductive age. Roughly 40% of cases involve a male contribution or factor, 40% involve a female factor, and the remainder involve both sexes. There are several different reasons why a couple may be unable to concieve naturally, if a woman is unable to concieve it may be down to general factors - for example, significant liver disease, Ovarian Factors such as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, Cervical factors such as Insufficient cervical mucus, Vaginal factors such as Vaginal Obstruction or Genetic factors....   [tags: essays research papers] 1159 words
(3.3 pages)
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Christian Attitudes and the Attitudes of Islam to Help Infertile Couples Have Children - Christian Attitudes and the Attitudes of Islam to Help Infertile Couples Have Children The responses to these treatments such as IVF, AID, AIH, Surrogacy, Fertility drugs and a few more have a varied response between different types of Christians and different types of Muslims. Some are for it, others against it, and others are only for certain types of infertility treatments. There are no specific teachings in the Bible about infertility treatments, however the Bible was written before knowledge of medical science....   [tags: Papers] 483 words
(1.4 pages)
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The Negatives of Surrogate Mothering - “In the U.S. surrogacy is less regulated than used car sales” (Humphreys). Surrogate mothering has been around for many years, and is becoming even more publically common in today’s society. The most technical way to describe a “full” surrogate transaction would be as follows, “the implanting of an embryo created using either the eggs and sperm or both of the intended parents…” (Arnold). This in turn would mean that the carrying mother would have no genetic connection with the child. This also allows the parents of the child being carried have full genetic connection to the child, making the whole family unit that much stronger....   [tags: Family and Genetics]
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1906 words
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Christian Attitudes To Treatments that Help Couples Who Are Infertile - Christian Attitudes To Treatments that Help Couples Who Are Infertile Many Christians believe that a child is a gift from God and many Christians will accept the different treatments such as IVF as long as only the infertile couple is involved and not a third party, so for IVF, just the woman’s’ egg and the man’s sperm. AIH (artificial insemination by husband), maybe the preferred fertility treatment for Christians because it safeguards the sanctity of marriage. Christians believe that God is the creator not man/animals were given for mans benefit, but not to be abused/created and sustains all life/man made in his image/ each soul is unique and Christ died for the sake of humanity....   [tags: Papers] 497 words
(1.4 pages)
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Religious Attitudes Toward Fertility - Religious Attitudes Toward Fertility Religious attitudes towards fertility treatments can determine whether a couple can have children. Different faiths have different attitudes towards these treatments. Within the Christian faith, there are two very different views on this matter. Roman Catholics believe that there are none of these treatments that should be used because they think that life is a gift from god, and we must not tamper with life. They think that no one has the right to have children, and children are not ‘merchandise’....   [tags: Papers] 511 words
(1.5 pages)
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Christianity And Infertility - Christianity And Infertility In this coursework (essay) I will be talking about the Christian attitudes towards infertility treatments and explain that there are different views on this subject and why. But because there is nothing in the Bible specifically about these treatments, I will have to do some research about it and try to get different Christian views on this subject. However there some teachings in the Bible that can help us to understand Christian views on these treatments....   [tags: Papers] 636 words
(1.8 pages)
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Religion and Medical Issues - Religion and Medical Issues Tremaine Bilham (a) (i) Infertility Treatments In Western world in recent years, infertility has become more of an issue. It is estimated that as many as 1 in 10 couples in Britain are affected by infertility. Embryology is the collective term used to describe the many solutions for infertility provided by medical technology: Ø In-vitro fertilisation (IVF) is the process whereby an ovum (egg) is withdrawn from a woman's ovaries and fertilised with a man's semen under laboratory conditions....   [tags: Papers] 2089 words
(6 pages)
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Infertility Treatments - What does infertility mean. Women who are infertile cannot get pregnant after trying for one year, or 6 months if they are over the age of 35. Women are also said to be infertile if they can get pregnant but are unable to stay pregnant. Men who are infertile have a problem called varicosele, which is when the veins on the man’s testicles are too large and overheat the sperm (Blonna, Carter, and Levitan, 2010). Men who produce sperm that is unable to move properly, or if they are not the right shape, may have trouble reproducing (www.medicinet.com/infertility/article.htm)....   [tags: Medical Research]
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1124 words
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The Principle of Substituted Judgment - The Principle of Substituted Judgment Traditionally, the physician was expected to use all of their talents and training in an effort to save the life of their patient, no matter the odds. More recently, the physician’s role has been redefined to preserve the autonomy of the patient. Now physicians must give life saving care only in so far and to the degree desirous of the competent patient. Until this century, it was rare that brain-dead patients could be kept alive for long periods of time....   [tags: Medical Ethics Physician Assisted Suicide Essays]
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1463 words
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What makes anyone a legal parent? - What makes anyone a legal parent. How easy is it for the courts to decide who should be the legal parent of a child. With the advances in assisted reproduction technology (ART), such as surrogacy and in vitro fertilization (IVF), more people both inside and outside the traditional relationships of a biological mother and father have a chance to have a child. These families consist of single parents and also same sex couples. With same sex relationships, a third party has to be involved, which could be either a surrogate mother or a male donor....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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1755 words
(5 pages)
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Islam And Infertility - Islam And Infertility In this essay I will be talking about the Islamic attitudes towards infertility treatments and explain that there are different views on this subject and why. But because there is nothing in the Qur'an specifically about these treatments, I will have to do some research about it and try to get different Islamic views on this subject. However there some teachings in the Qur'an that can help us to understand Islamic views on these treatments. I will try to get two different views on these treatments....   [tags: Papers] 732 words
(2.1 pages)
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Treatments for Infertile Couples - Treatments for Infertile Couples There are many people in the UKwho are infertile. To be infertile means to be unable to produce offspring. These people all have different medical problems which fortunately have many solutions however with disadvantages as well as advantages. However some people choose to stay infertile no matter how much they want a child. They might believe in a particular religion where it teaches that only God has the right to decide matters of life and death and he would be the one to decide whether they should have a child or not....   [tags: Papers] 1064 words
(3 pages)
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The Treatments Available to Help Infertile Couples to Have Children - The Treatments Available to Help Infertile Couples to Have Children There are a variety of treatments available to help infertile couples to have children as infertility is increasingly becoming a recognised problem. Infertility is the term used to describe the inability to conceive or the inability to carry a pregnancy to a live child after regular sexual intercourse without the use of contraception. If you continue to have sexual intercourse without contraception for a year or more and still cannot have a child you are generally deemed infertile....   [tags: Papers] 960 words
(2.7 pages)
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A Comparison of the Themes of Blade Runner and Brave New World - A Comparison of the Themes of Blade Runner and Brave New World ‘Humanity likes to think of itself as more sophisticated than the wild yet it cannot really escape its need for the natural world’ Despite different contexts both Aldous Huxley within his book Brave New World and Ridley Scott in the film Blade Runner explore the idea that humans feel themselves more sophisticated than the natural world, yet are able to completely sever relations between humanity and the nature....   [tags: Papers] 1473 words
(4.2 pages)
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Weighing the Right to Own an Embryo by Mike McKee - Writing to a Legal Audience Mike McKee’s article, "Weighing the Right to Own an Embryo," made the front page of the Recorder, a daily legal newspaper published in San Francisco reporting on legal advice and interests of attorneys and legal practitioners. How did he make his article such a success. What made it front page worthy in the eyes of this legal audience. McKee’s article, "Weighing the Right to Own an Embryo," appeals to a legal audience by presenting an unbiased framework and evidence....   [tags: Legal Audience Article]
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1276 words
(3.6 pages)
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Surrogate Motherhood: Comparing Two Articles - “Time to Ban Surrogate Motherhood,” written by Lynda Hurst and “Surrogate Motherhood: Why it Should Be Permitted,” written by Allan C. Hutchinson, are persuasive texts where the authors’ attempts to influence the audience to agree with their side of the argument on surrogate motherhood. According to The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, surrogate motherhood is defined as, “a woman who bears a child for another person, often for pay, either through artificial insemination or by carrying until birth another woman's surgically implanted fertilized egg.” Since the persuasive works are published in different newspapers, one being The Toronto Star and the other being The Globe and Mail, the works are written for different target audiences....   [tags: Surrogate Motherhood, ] 1324 words
(3.8 pages)
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Should Marriage for Same Sex Couples be Legal in United States? - Marriage as generally define is the union between one man and one woman. However a recent debate over same-sex marriage has stirred a nationwide debate reverberating in the halls of Congress, at the White House, in dozens of state courtrooms and legislatures, and is also becoming a speech-making topic for election campaigns at both the national and state levels. As the debate for this controversial topic rages on, the American religious community view on the topic remains deeply divided over the matter and over the morality of homosexuality in general....   [tags: Same Sex Marriage, argumentative, persuasive]
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1216 words
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Same-Sex Parents and Their Children - Same-sex parents and their children Nowadays, the question of gay marriage is one of the most heated and controversial. Over the years, same-sex couples are fighting for the legal recognition for their marriages and their right as parents. Parenthood is one of the most valuable experiences in a human life. After finding a partner, it is natural for people to want to raise children. Homosexual parent are the same in ability and commitment to raised healthy children. It would be a big step for improvement in our society to provide necessary support and rights for same-sex couples and their children....   [tags: Homosexuality, argumentative, persuasive]
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740 words
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Surrogates - The year is 2017 and a new technology has changed the way humans live their lives. Most people now spend their lives at home, going about their business as usual, using remote-controlled robotic bodies called surrogates. Commonly designed to resemble idealized versions of their operators, these surrogates have superhuman strength and agility and allow their operators freedom from pain and damage while they remain safely at home in their operator's chairs. The leading manufacturer of surrogates is a company called VSI or Virtual Self Industries....   [tags: Film Review] 1235 words
(3.5 pages)
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Germline Engineering and Reprogenetic Technologies - Modern technologies are constantly advancing in a multitude of ways to the degree that scientists have gained enough knowledgeable about the human genome to be able to find specific genes during the embryonic stage of reproduction. Scientists have already begun to use this knowledge to allow parents the ability to select the sex of their child and screen for genetic diseases via preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) with in vitro fertilization (IVF). Sex-selection has already created world-wide discussion regarding the ethics of such a situation....   [tags: Genetic Engineering ]
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2055 words
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The Moral Issues of Artificial Insemination - Although infertility is a significant problem in the United States today, “artificial reproductive technologies” are often avoided due to negative perceptions (Barbieri 203). In 2005 10 percent of American couples were infertile. There are numerous causes that sometimes can be avoided. When there is no way to fix it, there are ways to treat it. Stress can cause infertility because hormones take over the body producing more cortisol which suppresses sperm count (U.S.: 2.1). The added physical, mental and financial pressures of assisted reproduction can decrease the chances of pregnancy....   [tags: Ethics ]
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1949 words
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The Battle for Homosexual Adoption - “If it was me,” declares Texas legislator Robert Talton, “I would rather [leave] kids in orphanages as such – this is where they are now if they’re not fostered out. At least they have a chance of learning the proper values” (Sanchez). Such a mindset betrays Talton’s ignorance of children raised in same-sex households. The blame does not solely fall on him though; many people in the world today are in the dark about whether or not to allow gay and lesbian parents to adopt children. Many research studies conclude that children are not adversely affected in any way from growing up in homosexual households; however, the fight for same-sex parents to be joined in marriage goes on, not only for the parent’s benefit, but to the benefit of the child as well....   [tags: Homosexuality ]
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1682 words
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Same-Sex Parenting and Child Development - Same-Sex Parenting In the last ten years, many established gay men and lesbians have been increasingly undertaking parenthood through donor insemination, surrogacy, or fostering and adoption (McCann, 2005). Thus, a new type of family formation in American society has been generated. Due to the formation of same-sex households, gay and lesbian parenting is no longer a concept. This type of parenting has become a reality which society as a whole is struggling to accept (McCann, 2005). In 2010, the U.S....   [tags: Sociology]
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1107 words
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The body of the Indian Woman: A tool of nationalistic discourse - The body of the Indian Woman: A tool of nationalistic discourse The genre of Bollywood film has recently become a popular means of entertainment for the non-resident Indian as well as the western audience. The vibrant color, spontaneous dance numbers, and other alluring factors may have contributed in the popularity of Bollywood films. However, for the NRI, Bollywood films are mean of a connection to the motherland; it brings a sense of nostalgia through cultural and tradition practices. In Chutney Popcorn and Bride and Prejudice, we see how these cultural practices and tradition are preserved by using the woman’s body....   [tags: Bollywood Films] 2996 words
(8.6 pages)
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The Light and Dark Side of DNA Technology - The Light and Dark Side of DNA Technology As with most modern advances, DNA technology has opened the door to a vast new world of discovery. On the positive side, DNA aids us in the fight against disease, such as cancer, and many genetic disorders, such as muscular dystrophy. Yet many in society are concerned with the ethical issue of using DNA in matters such as cloning, genetic tampering, and the irratication of less than perfect fetuses resulting selective human reproduction. Most diseases have a genetic basis, therefore if scientists are able to locate the genes that are responsible for diseases, it would aid in the treatment and prevention of disease....   [tags: Papers] 449 words
(1.3 pages)
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The Treatments Available to Help Infertile Couples Have Children - The Treatments Available to Help Infertile Couples Have Children For many people the purpose of marriage is procreation. However for some people this is difficult. One in ten women have problems conceiving children today in Britain and two million people are infertile. Infertility is when a man or women is unable to conceive a baby. There are many different reasons why some women can’t conceive children naturally such as genetic reasons that have been passed down though their genes....   [tags: Papers] 492 words
(1.4 pages)
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Is the Body Ownable - Is the Body Ownable The way Jennifer Church approaches the issue of body ownership in “Ownership and the Body”, it sounds as though that we own our bodies is a given fact, and the controversy is over what follows from this and why it is important to have a discussion of this fact. I, however, intend to argue that it is a bad move to allow for the idea of self-ownership (or any sort of ownership of subjects), that it is more likely to perpetuate problems than to solve them to think in this way, and that the belief in the possibility of body/self-ownership is rooted primarily in linguistic ambiguities (“property” vs....   [tags: Philosophy Papers]
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Fertility Drugs: Are they worth it? - Fertility Drugs: Are they worth it. Over the past few years there seems to have been an increase in the amount of couples that have used fertility drugs and ended up having nine or more children. The couples' stories have been aired on the news, and when interviewed, many of the couples stated that they only wanted one child, but because one of the spouses was infertile, they were unable to get pregnant. At the advice of their doctor, the couple took fertility drugs, and the result was the rapid expansion of their family....   [tags: Pregnancy Reproduction Medical Essays]
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2280 words
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Ethical and Professional Implications - Ethical and Professional Implications The autonomy of a competent patient is an issue not often debated in medical ethics. Refusal of unwanted treatment is a basic right, likened to the common law of battery, available to all people capable of a competent choice. These fundamental rules of medical ethics entered a completely new forum as medical technology developed highly effective life-sustaining care during the 20th century. Several watershed cases elucidated these emerging issues in the 1960’s and 70’s, none more effectively than that of Karen Ann Quinlan....   [tags: Physician Assisted Suicide Medical Ethics Essays]
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1249 words
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High Tech Babies - High Tech Babies Humans have engaged in the healing arts in an attempt to improve life, save lives, and, with the advancement of technology, create life. The practice of medicine has always relied on tools created by humans to aid in treatments and research. Those tools have gone from simple hand made devices to technology capable of human reproduction. With one in 11 couples in the United States infertile, and societal and physical pressure on women to reproduce, the desperation for treatment has become widespread....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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2021 words
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Caryl Phillips' The Nature of Blood - Caryl Phillips' The Nature of Blood On its most immediate level, Caryl Phillips’ The Nature of Blood narrates several stories of the Jewish Diaspora, using the familiar Shakespearean character Othello to provide a counterpoint to the others’ experiences of displacement. The Nature of Blood thus initially seems to fit awkwardly among texts by other West Indian authors who use the Caribbean as the setting of their work or incorporate West Indian characters into their work. Through his multi-stranded narrative, however, Phillips creates a geographical setting that mirrors the multi-regional influence of the Caribbean....   [tags: Caryl Phillips Nature Blood Essays]
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3218 words
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Native American Lacrosse - Native American Lacrosse Lacrosse was one of many varieties of indigenous stickball games being played by American Indians at the time of European contact. Almost exclusively a male team sport, it is distinguished from the others, such as field hockey or shinny, by the use of a netted racquet with which to pick the ball off the ground, throw, catch and convey it into or past a goal to score a point. The cardinal rule in all varieties of lacrosse was that the ball, with few exceptions, must not be touched with the hands....   [tags: Papers] 925 words
(2.6 pages)
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Religion and Medicine - Religion and Medicine In the UK every one in eight couple is affected with infertility, leaving about 2 million infertile couples, of which about 25% of males, 45% of female and 30% unknown are the causes of infertility. With the help of treatments so far there have been 21 000 test tube babies born so far, A quarter of which have been born in the last two years. The treatment costs about £2 000 per cycle and over 300 000 embryos have so far been produced, of these about 280 000 have been used for research or have died before birth....   [tags: Papers] 994 words
(2.8 pages)
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Treatments for Infertile Couples - Treatments for Infertile Couples There are many different types of treatments available to help infertile couples have children. Some of theses treatments are Artificial insemination and GIFT. Artificial insemination is when the partner or husbands sperm count is low. Some samples of the sperm are taken and inserted into the women’s womb. This method has been available for over 50 years however it has a low success rate. GIFT or gamete intra – fallopian transfer is when the sperm and the egg are fertilised by an air bubble in a fine tube....   [tags: Papers] 1193 words
(3.4 pages)
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