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Surrealism - Surrealism Surrealism was one of the most influential artistic movements of the 20th Century. André Breton consolidated Surrealism as a movement in the early 1920s, trying to achieve the “total liberation of the mind and of all that resembles it[1]” through innovative and varied ideas. Surrealism deeply influenced the world in the era between the two world wars and played a big role in the diffusion and adoption of psychology worldwide. Surrealism faded after World War II, but its revolutionary genius has influenced every artistic movement ever since....   [tags: Art Painting Artistic Essays]
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2056 words
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Surrealism - Surrealism encompasses a reality above the surface reality, usually through efforts to suspend the discipline of conscious or logical reason, aesthetics, or morality in order to allow for the expression of subconscious thought and feeling. This literary technique, if successful, provides the audience with a suspension of disbelief, an acceptance of the imaginative aspects of the author's fantastic creation. "The Metamorphosis" by Franz Kafka and "The Masque of the Red Death" by Edgar Allen Poe, are two examples of surrealism....   [tags: Comparative Literature] 726 words
(2.1 pages)
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The Origins of Surrealism - ... This was the preference in Western art history; creating reality ‘just as it is’, and over the ages, with increasingly more detail and exact representation. The ‘isms’ (Impressionism, Cubism) of the second portion of the 19th century created pieces that claimed to be true depictions of ‘reality’, but were transformed beyond recognition. These pieces professed to be a more accurate and reliable portrayal of reality than their art predecessors (Dell’Aversano 4). What Surrealism as an art movement aimed to achieve was to bring both the artist and the Green 3 audience to ‘experience the necessity of an expansion and a redefinition of their construct systems’ (Dell’Aversano 10)....   [tags: Painting, Cubism, Impressionism] 2002 words
(5.7 pages)
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Surrealism and Film - ... These modern patterns of thought, in the eyes of surrealists, were influenced by social doctrine (surrealism lecture) and thus needed to be undermined in order to discover the true unconscious perception of reality in raw human thought. It is this exploration of the subconscious that truly set off the art of the surrealists, and split the movement into two distinct groups with differing ideas of the meaning of unfiltered thought. The automatists were focused on the lack of form, and thus traditional artistic disciplines represented the lack of freedom, as well as the intolerance of free expression of thought associated with modern society....   [tags: Art History, Film] 1651 words
(4.7 pages)
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Dada Surrealism - Dada Surrealism What elements of dada and surrealism suggest the influence of Freud. The 20th Century marked a changed in how people viewed the known world. Since its beginning art has played a major role in how people were able to express themselves. The early 20th century brought rise to new and exciting art forms. These were types of writings, paintings and, documentaries that no one had ever seen before. From expressionism to Dadaism types of work ranged by all means of the artist. About the 1920's a new wave of art would soon be seen worlds over....   [tags: History Art Arts Painting WWIIEssays] 1232 words
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The History of Surrealism: Maurice Nadeau - ... This novel is also illustrated with some paintings and drawings from successful surrealist artists, including Salvador Dali. Also, a bibliography of the principal works in which the surrealist movement is proclaimed, as well as a listing of surrealist periodicals, manifestos, tracts, catalogues, films, and critical works are included. Surrealism is a cultural movement and artistic style that was pioneered by Mr. André Breton in the 1920’s in Paris, France. It sort off developed data movement in World War II....   [tags: Art ]
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1516 words
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Dali and Surrealism - Dali and Surrealism Works Cited Missing Salvador Dali was born in 1904 in Figueras, Spain. He had an elder brother who died prior to his birth by nine months. This incident affected him throughout his life. His parents looked at him as reincarnation of his dead brother. He was taken to his brother’s grave and was given free reign of the Dali household which stayed with him throughout his life. Since he was treated differently and in a special way, in strongly influenced his personality. Hence, Dali had a unique and clear character....   [tags: Painter Painters Artists Art Dali Essays] 710 words
(2 pages)
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Comparing Cubism and Surrealism - ... One of the most influential events was the rebellion of Tristan Tzara. Tzara believed that a society that created war did not deserve art. Therefore he tried to cultivate "ugly" anti-art since society did not deserve beauty. However society did not see this rebellion to be against them, but interpreted it to be against older art movements and rebellion against the government. Surrealism stylist traits include taking two different realities and combining them together to create a stronger image (juxtapose), and using free association within their art....   [tags: Art History]
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865 words
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Art, Surrealism, and the Grotesque - Art, Surrealism, and the Grotesque The term "grotesque" in art and literature, commonly refers to the juxtaposition of extreme contrasts such as horror and humor, or beauty and monstrosity, or desire and revulsion. One function of this juxtaposition of the rational and the irrational is to subdue or normalize the unknown, and thereby control it. The simultaneity of mutually exclusive emotional states, and the discomfort it might cause, inspires a Freudian analytic critical approach because of its focus on controlling repressed desires through therapeutic rationality....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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Dali Brenton and the Surrealism Movement - Dali Brenton and the Surrealism Movement The surrealism movement took place during the aftermath of WWI and started in primarily in France. Surrealism was more of a broad range cultural /social project interested in liberating the human society from conscious and logical thinking to create a utopian society, than an art movement. The surrealism movement was in search of a gateway into society’s subconscious, the break down of rational and logical thinking, (The marvelous.) Surrealist artwork concentrated on individualism, subjective visions and states of disorientation, nihilism, chaos and irrationality of modernity to break down the society’s consciousness....   [tags: Papers] 1780 words
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Surrealism and Salvador Dali - Surrealism and Salvador Dali Salvador Dali, was born Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dali i Domenech on Monday, 11 May 1904, in the small Spanish town of Figueres, in the foothills of the Pyrenees, approximately sixteen miles from the French border in a region known as Catalonia. His parents supported his talent and built him his first studio while he was still a child in their summer home at Cadaques. Dali went on to attend the San Fernando Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid, Spain. He was married to Gala Eluard in 1934 and died on 23 January 1989 in a hospital in Figueres (Etherington-Smith, 12)....   [tags: Salvador Dali Artists Painters Paintings Essays] 808 words
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Surrealism and Salvador Dali - Surrealism and Salvador Dali      Surrealism is defined as an art style developed in the 1920's in Europe, characterized by using the subconscious as a source of creativity to liberate pictorial subjects and ideas. Surrealist paintings often depict unexpected or irrational objects in an atmosphere or fantasy , creating a dreamlike scenario ( www.progressiveart.com 2004). The word Surrealism was created in 1917 by the writer Guillaune Apollinaire. He used it to describe two instances of artistic innovation ( Bradley 6)....   [tags: Art Artists]
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2130 words
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Surrealism Of The Temptation Of Saint Anthony - During the period between World War I and World War II, many people decided that rationale had created the destruction left behind from the war and that it was time to rely on the subconscious as a way to analyze the world. These people became known as Surrealists. One of the most famous surrealist artists was Salvador Dalí. Dalí’s piece The Temptation of Saint Anthony is a prime example of Surrealism. Surrealist paintings are described as dreamlike and fantastical. Much of Dalí’s paintings were images he had dreamed up....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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499 words
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Postmodern Surrealism in Murakami's, Second Bakery Attack - Postmodern Surrealism in the Second Bakery Attack Since its establishment, surrealist media has been able to capture our attention with its abstract thought provoking nature. It began with literature and spread to all other forms of expression across the globe. Although it had gained such renown, it wasn’t until The Second Bakery Attack was released in a collection of short stories by Haruki Murakami that surrealist literature arrived in Japan. The Second Bakery Attack stood out above all other literary releases of its time, receiving universally positive reviews and revolutionizing the way Japan viewed literature....   [tags: literary analysis, literary criticism] 1898 words
(5.4 pages)
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Satire and Surrealism in Kurt Vonnegut's Cat's Cradle - Satire and Surrealism in Kurt Vonnegut's Cat's Cradle In 1963, Kurt Vonnegut published his second novel Cat's Cradle. It is a distressing yet satirical critique of our society and the surrealistic end that is its destiny. Through his use of irony and sarcasm he attacks and exposes society's flaws while questioning its intelligence. Nothing is safe from his satiric pen. He attacks science and religion with equal intensity. He creates a novel that has left, "an indelible mark on an entire generation of readers" (back cover)....   [tags: Kurt Vonnegut Cat's Cradle Essays] 468 words
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Satire, Surrealism and Dark Humor in Vonnegut's Cat's Cradle - Satire, Surrealism and Dark Humor in Vonnegut's Cat's Cradle "And there on the shaft in letters six inches high, so help me God, was the word: Mother" (48) "'If that's mother,' said the driver, 'what in hell could they have raised over father?'" As the reader soon finds out, 40 cm of marble, as directed by Felix Hoenikker's will, that says "FATHER" (49). Vonnegut stops you short and plucks at your hand like a little boy who has just shaved the cat and can't wait to show you what he's done: you can't, as a responsible adult, laugh at the absurdity of the bald and shivering feline because you know that you should be astonished, offended, annoyed, anything but burst out laughing, which you desperately desire to do....   [tags: Vonnegut Cat's Cradle] 555 words
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Deliberate Alienation: Surrealism and Magical Realism Critical thinking is a terrible thing. - Deliberate Alienation: Surrealism and Magical Realism Critical thinking is a terrible thing. At least, that seems to be a popular opinion. We live in an age where people are willing to look to anyone but themselves for advice on what they should think. Rather than figure out what their own opinions are, they trust the thinly-veiled slant of the television newscasters, the politics-masquerading-as-reporting of magazines like Time and Newsweek. There are fashion shows and magazines that tell you what you think is stylish....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Reassessing Surrealism: Constructivism and Postcapitalist Appropriation - Department of Politics, Stanford University 1. Contexts of economy “Society is responsible for sexism,” says Debord; however, according to Prinn[1] , it is not so much society that is responsible for sexism, but rather the dialectic of society. In a sense, Sartre suggests the use of postcapitalist appropriation to deconstruct capitalism. If one examines Lacanist obscurity, one is faced with a choice: either reject subcultural discourse or conclude that class has significance, given that the premise of constructivism is invalid....   [tags: Economics]
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The Surrealist Group - ... It was Breton who formed the Surrealist group in Paris, France and who responsible for writing the group’s Manifestos. After studying these manifestos it became clear that the Surrealists created art that looked inward, instead of outward like the Dadaists, in an effort to spur imaginative thinking and alternative viewpoints. Surrealism attempts to discover and explore the ‘more real than real world behind the real’...and re-establishes man as psychology instead of anatomy. [It] revivifies mythology, fetishism, parable, proverb, and metaphor [and] re-creates man’s efforts in the light of Freud’s analysis of the subconscious......   [tags: Art History] 1143 words
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Frida Kahlo: A Mexican Surrealist Artist - Frida Kahlo: A Mexican Surrealist Artist Frida Kahlo was a Mexican artist, famous for her self-reflective, Surrealist paintings. She was born in 1907 and died from pneumonia and other complications in 1954 at the mere age of forty-seven. Frida was the daughter of Guillermo Kahlo, a Hungarian Jew and notable Mexican photographer, and Matilde Calderon, who was of Spanish and Indian descent (Taschen, 7). Although Guillermo had two daughters from a previous marriage, Frida was the first daughter to be born to he and his second wife, Matilde....   [tags: Biography Biographies]
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3354 words
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The Absorption of Dada - The Absorption of Dada Dada and Surrealism are two similar forms of art, not in appearance, but in the subject matter, and the role of the viewer. The Quote ”Dada became absorbed into Surrealism which then became the Dadaism of the successful.” is a statement of truth. Dada was developed in Switzerland, just after the Great War, now known as World War One. It was a cry against reason and logic. The people were misled by the government, science and art. If everything that was supposes to be good and logical was demolished by the insanity of war....   [tags: Essays Papers] 341 words
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Comparing Eraserhead and Nightmare on Elm Street IV - Comparing Eraserhead and Nightmare on Elm Street IV essay iam going to be looking at two films in particular. Eraserhead, a successful surreal film by D. Lunch, and Nightmare on Elm Street iv. These are films that distort the real. he contributions of surrealism to twentieth century art and literature are widely recognised. It would be almost impossible to write a survey of modern art or a history of modern literature or literary theory without the inclusion of surrealism. The aesthetics of the surrealists, and their impact on later artistic styles and movements in Europe, America, and elsewhere, are the subject of a growing body of work....   [tags: Papers] 1176 words
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Rene Magritte: Illusions Masking Reality - ... In this direction, abstraction of ordinary objects and the ideas of chance dominated. Among those whom clung to this style were Max Ernst and Andre Masson. This style thus became known as abstract surrealism. Oppositely, artists such as Salvador Dali, Yves Tanguy, and Rene Magritte would focus their art on the principles of non-sequitur and juxtapositions of ordinary objects. As well, their art took on a dreamlike quality, based in the psychoanalytical philosophy of the unconscious. Many of the surrealists found the work done by Sigmund Freud incredibly influential, especially Freud’s study of dream interpretation....   [tags: Art]
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Changes in the First 15 Years of the 20th Century Europe - First 15 years of the 20th century show the changes in the theory, and practice art, among the modern artiest in western world. First 15 years were remarkable, they compare with great and advance science and technology of same time. It was time of growing instance in western culture, and continued rapid industrial of imperial aboard, and rivalry in the Europe. During the 20th century Paris was focus of modernism. In the 19th century scientist discover the theory, which were not just question of our way of seeing things, but show the very natural reality itself....   [tags: European History, 1900s] 628 words
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the surreal world - Art comes in many different shapes and sizes. From drawing on a desk in high school to digital art on computers, we don’t notice that art surrounds us everywhere. However, there is one particular art form that is gaining interest throughout the world, and has been around for years. This art form is known as Surrealism. Surrealism is the only form of art that truly lets you express your mind the way you want it to be expressed, with no limits or boundaries. In Surrealism, there is no gravity, words flow like water, objects can fly in the limitless skies, and images can swim....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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725 words
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The Saddest Music in the World: A Surreal Melodrama - ... Causes-effects are also integral pieces to the melodrama framework, and here, the cause-effect resembles this: Cary and Ron meet, they fall in love, she tells her grown children she wants to marry a younger man, the community ostracizes her, she breaks up with Ron, he falls off a cliff trying to get her attention, and finally she comes back to him. Again, this convention is firmly established in the film. Another aspect of Hollywood melodrama is conflict resolution, the main problem in this film being that Ron and Cary want to get married, but society finds their relationship taboo....   [tags: Cinema]
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The Works of Magritte - Rene Magritte was an enigmatic and strange man who painted surrealism paintings. Little is known about his childhood except that his mother, Regine Magritte took her own life by drowning herself in the Sambre river. Young Magritte is thought to have discovered her body floating with her night garment covering her face. There is speculation that this trauma was an influence on many of Magritte’s works. When Rene Magritte took up his brushes, he created beautiful visual riddles that delight and bewilder the viewer....   [tags: Art]
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Max Ernst - ... Ernst’s works were predominately figurative, his outstanding art techniques inject a spice of abstractness into his works. But he was also not concerned in producing a coherent, clear oeuvre in order to have an easier success on the art market, stating that “Painting is not for me either decorative amusement, or the plastic invention of felt reality; it must be every time: invention, discovery, revelation”. He has successfully created his own techniques such as collage, frottage, grattage, decalcomania and oscillation, which later influenced many popular artists....   [tags: art] 1244 words
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Kay Sage From Another Approach - Kay Sage From Another Approach My room has two doors and one window. One door is red and the other is gray. I cannot open the red door; the grey door does not interest me. Having no choice, I shall lock them both and look out of the window. -Kay Sage The work of Kay Sage (1898-1963) is known to be some of the most abstract art produced during the Surrealism movement. (Chadwick, 1997) Although it does not appear at first glance to be anywhere near as abstract as other Modernist artists such as Sonia Delaunay or Liubov Popova, (Chadwick, 1997....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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René Magritte - René Magritte Belgian Surrealist artist René Magritte was a master not only of the obvious, but of the obscure as well. In his artwork, Magritte toyed with everyday objects, human habits and emotions, placing them in foreign contexts and questioning their familiar meanings. He suggested new interpretations of old things in his deceivingly simple paintings, making the commonplace profound and the rational irrational. He painted his canvasses in the same manner as he lived his life -- in strange modesty and under constant analysis....   [tags: Arts Paintings Art History] 1365 words
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A Trip into the Artwork of Salvador Dali - ... In this canvas centered is Gala who is the main focus, and from twenty meter an image of Abraham Lincoln is visible. The pixels which make up the double image of this painting is what makes it unique. The meaning of this double image photo could be one as a tribute to Lincoln and his appreciation to America for welcoming him in the early stages of his career during the turmoil of the Civil War. While Gala represent and idea, during the time of this painting Gala was in her seventies but yet he paints her as a young women....   [tags: Art Analysis ]
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1025 words
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Art as Expression - ... The viewer observes that this is a painting of what appears to be outside the window, or is it. We are forced to trust the artist and believe outside the window is this landscape, when it could really be an urban or rainy scene. Magritte is trying to tell the viewers that they tend to believe the artist, because they are the artists, when they should ask questions about the representation and interpretation. The human mind is faulty, because it forces us to see what we ‘know’ rather than to think deeper....   [tags: Art ]
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The Virtues of Apathy - The Virtues of Apathy “I just don't think I can continue to live in a place that embraces and nurtures apathy as if it was virtue.” Morgan Freeman speaks these words in the movie Se7en after declaring that he is going to quit his job as a detective. His character sees crimes of hate, aggression and murder every day, and he also observes the public’s reaction to them. People turn a blind eye; they no longer care. What has happened to society. Why has what used to be considered incredibly shocking dissolved into what is considered an everyday and usual activity....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Salvador Dali: Vision of Hell - Salvador Dali: Vision of Hell Surrealism was the 20th century phase in art and literature of expressing subconscious in images without order or coherence, as in a dream. Surrealist art went beyond writing or painting objects as they looked at reality. Their art showed objects in distorted forms, colors, and movements, like in a dream. Dali’s surrealistic art was based on the belief that there were treasures hidden in the human mind. The word fantasy cannot accurately describe surrealism. Rather, surrealism is better described as a grander reality....   [tags: Art Artist Dali] 1030 words
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Does Dali Dream of Distorted Elephants? - Salvador Dalí is whom many people think of when they think of the quintessential modern artist. But his career actually had many styles, and inspirations, and he was never a modernist. He was, instead, a surrealist, part of the beginnings of a movement that descended from a post-WWI reaction to bourgeoisie and materialism. By 1946, when Dalí painted “The Temptation of Saint Anthony”, he had lived through two world wars, emigrated from his home Catalan province (and Europe), and been both a figurehead and an exile of a significant artistic movement....   [tags: Art]
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The Life and Art of Salvador Dali - The Life and Art of Salvador Dali Salvador Dali's life and art were very closely related. Everything in his life was reflected in his art. All the major changes in his works and styles represented important turning points for him. When Dali was younger, he experimented with different styles. The first style he used was soft, blurry and seemed a little bit out of focus, although his use shadowing was well from the beginning. Dali's early works were not very impressive, but he was very talented and dedicated to his art work....   [tags: Artists Art] 561 words
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Enlightenment, Romanticism, Realism, Modernism, and Postmodernism - Enlightenment, Romanticism, Realism, Modernism, and Postmodernism Literature: the enlightenment, romanticism, realism, modernism, and postmodernism…. Where does one begin. To some, those words can be as scary as the word computer is to others. This essay is designed to help you become a great literary interpreter. Getting the motivation is three fourths of the battle to getting into the heads of the artists. To begin, an outline of some of the literary movements has been provided. The enlightenment was also called the Age of Reason....   [tags: Enlightenment Romanticism Realism Essays] 612 words
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Real Truth is Never Surreal - ... Art is a lie that makes us realize truth, at least the truth that is given us to understand” (Kleiner 849). Picasso was an artist that had many good ideas, but many offensive ones as well. Because of what his worldview seemed to be, Picasso was simply fervently searching for the real truth; sadly, he really had no idea where actual truth comes from. He seemed to look at the world as a cruel, disoriented place, which is evident in his Guernica (29-18). In this painting, everything is frantic, almost mad, and seemingly searching for something....   [tags: Theology ]
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Art - From the real to the surreal, Salvador Dali embodied it all. Once he was satisfied with his abilities to mimic what he saw in the world, he began to play with objects and space. He comprehended, perfected, and finally transcended realism, and his works became much more than paint on canvas. At the youthful age of fourteen, his charcoal drawings patterned techniques that Claude Monet is so renown for using. Dali was capable of portraying Monet’s stylistic texture in a texture-less medium. By the time he reached his twenties, he had perfected this impressionistic style using oil paint on canvas....   [tags: essays research papers] 439 words
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Salvador Dali - Salvador Dali Salvador Dali, was born Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dali i Domenech at 8:45 a.m., Monday, 11 May 1904, in the small town, in the foothills of the Pyrenees, of Figueres, Spain, approximately sixteen miles from the French border in the principality of Catalonia. His parents supported his talent and built him his first studio, while he was still a child, in their summer home. Dali went on to attend the San Fernando Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid, Spain, was married to Gala Eluard in 1934 and died on 23 January 1989 in a hospital in the town he born....   [tags: Biographies Painter Artist Essays]
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Salvador Dali - Salvador Dali precise and detailed painful reality and, placed them inside somber and depressing landscapes as in The persistence of Memory' in 1931 (Smith, 2002, 1/1). His paintings showed a surrealist maturity since he was twenty. From 1926 to 1929, Dali begun making objects loaded with modern sexual symbols. For example, showing a dirty figure filled with excrement as in 'The Lugubrious Game' done in 1929. At this period, surrealists were very attracted to Salvador Dali because of his strong personality and his violent works and paintings full of sexual and excrements allusions (Neret, 2000, p.21)....   [tags: Biography]
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1920-1930 - 1920-1930 The 1920’s are also known as the "Roaring 20’s". It was the first modern decade experienced by this country, as America flourished after WW I. The average number of hours worked per week dropped from 60 hours to 48 hours (Rayburn). For the first time, people felt that it was just as important to play as it was to work; family outings and weekend trips had become things that workers expected (Rayburn). Women became more open by appearing in public smoking and drinking. Trojan condoms first appeared and sex became an open issue for discussion....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Expressive Arts Therapy - ... Although not specifically identified as an influential factor in the development of expressive art therapy as a discipline, it helped create an environment that allowed the use of art as therapy to emerge. The organization of expressive arts therapy as a formal discipline begins with initiatives at Lesley University in the 1970s. Theoretically, it is influenced by a number of sources. As a compliment to medical treatments, the arts were used in conjunction with medically oriented psychiatric treatment in the late 1800s and early 1900s....   [tags: Psychology]
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A Comparison of The Trial and The Metamorphosis - A Comparison of The Trial and The Metamorphosis        Two of Kafkas' most predominate works, The Trial and The Metamorphosis, are very similar in many aspects, yet also have unique differences. Many of these similarities and differences are very obvious, but also there are subtle comparisons that the reader might not pick up while reading. One would think, after reading both stories, that the differences outweigh the similarities, but that is not entirely true. Not only should the reader view the style of the writing when comparing the two, but also the setting and plot of the two stories....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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commercial art - commercial art The contemporary commercial art and design of today has no doubt been created through the heavy influences of 20th century art. Most corporations who advertise on a large scale look back to the most influential art of the past century when creating their ads. It's almost impossible to walk the city streets without being bombarded by billboards with crafty designs and catchy phrases. With a little research though, it's fairly easy to find that the basis of this commercial art can be found in the art of the last one hundred years....   [tags: essays papers] 1042 words
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Postmodernism - ... The period after the 1960’s can distinguished by the following factors, there was a disillusionment with life, new styles of art that were being developed were not having the same impact that Impressionism, Expressionism, Cubism and Surrealism did with capturing the imagination of the earlier generations of artists , artists became more focussed on mastering production techniques, new technologies diminished the reliance on craftsmanship and reduced the traditional processes of making art and the growth of consumerism also had a significant impact on the arts over the decades, consumers wanted novelty and entertainment, in response to this, many artists turned art into products....   [tags: Art]
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Crisis of Conscience - ... This ironic technique is essential to the novel’s success as a satire, as it allows readers to objectively examine a world that functions on its own skewed rules of logic and, ultimately, to find unsettling similarities between this fictional reality and actual society. Critic Louis Hasley argues that the characters' absurd cognition advances Catch-22's message that “war is irrational; and the representative things that happen in war are likewise irrational, including man's behavior in war” (Hasley)....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Joseph Heller] 1740 words
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Creativity in Various Art Forms - ... Modern art was a philosophy, impressions and emotions. It was considered out of reach for those who were considered uneducated and unrefined. It was also expensive and reached mainly the wealthy clientele. As defined by, ‘Encyclopedia Britannica,’ …[P]ainting, sculpture, architecture, and graphic arts characteristic of the 20th century and of the later part of the 19th century. Modern art embraces a wide variety of movements, theories, and attitudes whose modernism resides particularly in a tendency to reject traditional, historical, or academic forms and conventions in an effort to create an art more in keeping with changed social, economic, and intellectual conditions....   [tags: Art ]
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A Battle Between The Traditional and The Modern - ... Avant-garde is a word attached to many different but positive meanings, it means being innovating, breaking down barriers, daring and challenging principles (Ruthven p. 83-84). It is noted in The Arts that the main new ideas that contributed to modernity are those that were done before 1914, and that formal contributions made after 1914 were Dadaism which led to surrealism and Constructivism. Constructivism only extended architectural modernism (p.179), while surrealism is considered to be an extension of the avant-garde revolution....   [tags: Literary Analysis]
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The Significance of Anti-visual Imagery in Story of the Eye and Un Chien Andalou. - The Significance of Anti-visual Imagery in Story of the Eye and Un Chien Andalou     The faithful alliance between the eye and the body came under severe attack with the oncoming of the first world war. The effects of trench warfare on peoples' perceptions caused them to question and reevaluate the confidence they had once put into their sense of vision. The experience of trench warfare was characterized by confusion due to not being able to see the enemy, indistinguishable shadows, gas-induced haze, and sudden spurts of blinding light (Jay 174)....   [tags: Movie Film Essays]
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Salvador Dali's Work - Salvador Dali's Work Salvador Dali's creativity allowed him the freedom to be who he wanted to be, the same is true in American culture today. Dali's excellence in draftsmanship, accessibility of imagery from the unconscious, and master of self-publicity all resulted in unimaginable fame. Dali was born in Figueras, a northern Spanish provinceof Cataloniain May of 1904; Dali began his life within a middle-class family. He joined the Surrealist movement during the summer of 1929, however with much reserve because he shared little of their political and religious affiliations of atheism and Marxism politics, in addition to ties with the Communist Party....   [tags: Papers] 4986 words
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Comparison of Kafka's Metamorphosis and Dali's The Metamorphosis of Narcissus - Comparison of Kafka's Metamorphosis and Dali's The Metamorphosis of Narcissus           The painting that I chose to compare to the novel Metamorphosis, by Franz Kafka, was painted in 1937 by Salvatore Dali.  Dali is an established Surrealist painter, who, like Kafka, explored his own psyche and dreams in his work. Dali invented a process, called the "paranoiac critical method", which is used in this painting, to assist his creative process.  As Dali described it, his aim in painting was "to materialize the images of concrete irrationality with the most imperialistic fury of precision...in order that the world of imagination and of concrete irrationality may be as objectively evident...as that of the exterior world of phenomenal reality."1           The rich landscape, seems to be limitless in detail.  Dali rendered every detail of this landscape with precise accuracy, striving to make his paintings as realistic as possible....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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Leda Atomica - Leda Atomica (24 x 18"- oil on canvas), is a painting by Salvador Dali (1904-1989) who was the top Surrealists of this time. Surrealism explored the subconscious, the dream world, and irrational elements of the psyche in the firm belief that the discoveries to be made from such exploration would be of greater fundamental importance to the human condition than any other form of social analysis. Surrealists like Salvador Dali was very fascinated by the ephemeral state of the mind between sleep and consciousness, dream and reality, sanity and insanity, as one in which the mind functioned purely, unfettered by the constraints of logic and social behavior....   [tags: essays research papers] 1373 words
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Vonnegut's Cat's Cradle - Vonnegut's Cat's Cradle Vonnegut deals a lot with fantasy in his book, Cat's Cradle. From the beginning, he talks about the religion that he follows: Bokonism. This is not a real religion, however he has rules, songs, scriptures, and opinions of a person that practices this fantasy religion. Within his description of this religion however is black humor as well. I think that by him making up this whole religion and an entire island of people who follow it, is in a way mocking today's religion and the way that people are dedicated to their beliefs....   [tags: Vonnegut Cat's Cradle Essays] 374 words
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Le Faux Mirror: A Profile of René Magritte - Le Faux Mirror: A Profile of René Magritte I was a child and she was a child in this kingdom by the sea and this maiden she lived with no other thought than to love and be loved by me* (Poe 1) “Si vous aimez l’amour, vous aimerez le Surrealisme!,” She screams as he slams the door (Mundy 4). His eyes are like nails in the rain. He steps onto the street— the cobbled street. She presses her lips to the window— the waiting window....   [tags: Rene Magritte Papers]
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M.C. Escher and Salvador Dahlia - M.C. Escher and Salvador Dahlia Maurits Cornelis Escher and was born on June the 17th, 1898 in Leeuwarden Netherlands. Escher was not encouraged to be an artist at a young age. He was encouraged to learn carpentry and other craft skills by his father. At school, he was an average student generally, but showed obvious artistic talent early in his schooling. Escher's was fascinated by the art of structure and this is shown in a lot of his work. His early work however, tended towards realistic portrayals of the landscape and architecture observed during his travels....   [tags: Papers] 363 words
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Abstract Expressionism - abstract expressionism It was a full 170 years after Americans had their political revolution that they won an aesthetic revolution. American art to get rid of its inhibiting mechanisms- provincialism, over-dependence on European sources, and an indifferent public- and liberate itself into a quality and expressive force equal to, or exceeding that of art produced anywhere within the period. Few would argue that the painting and sculpture that emerged from the so-called New York School in the mid 1940s was the foremost artistic phenomenon of its time and was labeled as the Abstract Expressionist movement....   [tags: essays papers]
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Dali - The life of Salvador Dali was one of much eccentricity, but he was also one of the most influential painters of the twentieth century. The story of his life is an extremely interesting one, and greatly inspired his artwork. Dali’s childhood and his growing up process had a lot to do with the man he would become later in life. He had a brother who was born before him, who had the same name. He died of meningitis before the Salvador Dali we know was born. This had an obvious psychological effect on our Dali....   [tags: essays research papers] 774 words
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Salvador Dali and Alice In Wonderland - ... In figure two, cards attacking Alice, there is a complete change of expression. This figure shows Alice being courageous and standing up to her fears. The image shows the maturity of Alice over time throughout the twisted universe of wonderland. Although Tenniel’s illustrations express the emotions that come from Alice, Dali’s Alice continues the idea of madness throughout the twisted dreamlike universe that wonderland is portrayed as almost giving a better interpretation to Carroll’s surrealist story....   [tags: Lewis Carroll, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland]
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Salvador Dali and M.C. Escher - Salvador Dali and M.C. Escher The artists that I am comparing in my paper come from two different backgrounds, yet in some ways, the deep psychological and philosophical message that their works reflect, together with their shared fascination with the insect-world, bring them together. Salvador Dali, a poor farmer’s son (1904-1989) was born in Spain, and throughout his childhood, according to him, he was treated like royalty by his parents because they thought he was the incarnation of his dead brother, who died nine months before he was born....   [tags: Art] 570 words
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Salvidor Dali - Salvador Dali was born in Figueres Spain in 1904 to Don Salvador Dali y Cuse and Felipa. In 1907, his sister Ana Maria was born; she was his only sibling. At an early age Dali began his strange behavior, he was prone to tantrums, self-induced coughing fits and wet the bed until age eight, as he knew this upset his father. After a year at public school, Dali was still unable to read and write he was then sent to a Christian school, however that did not improve his scholastic abilities (BBC). In 1914, German artist Sigfrid Burman gave Dali his first set of oil paints while the family was vacationing in Cadaques, Spain (daliprint)....   [tags: essays research papers] 534 words
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Picasso - Cultural Expression - Picasso was arguably the most influential artist of the twentieth century. He had some degree of influence in all styles of painting which were used during his time, and was known and respected by almost every art enthusiast on the face of the planet. Pablo Picasso, born Pablo Ruiz y Blasco, came into the world on the 25th of October 1881 in the southern Spanish town of Malaga. Pablo was an artist from early in his life – he was a child prodigy. He began his career as a classical painter. He painted things such as portraits and landscapes....   [tags: essays research papers] 987 words
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Alan Bennett's 'Talking Heads' inspired my initial idea. - Alan Bennett's 'Talking Heads' inspired my initial idea. DRAMA PRACTICAL =============== Our group comprised of Jennifer Harney, Jamie Hollaway, Antonia Forsyth, Nick Hudson and myself. Alan Bennett's 'Talking Heads' inspired my initial idea. I had imagined two seats on stage with two people portraying an unusual event. The other actors would then act out the narrated story. However this was not met with great enthusiasm and so was immediately dismissed. Our second idea was more stimulating. We came up with the idea of a failing band who were looking for new talent a la 'The commitment', and were holding auditions....   [tags: Drama] 3109 words
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Psychology in Modern Drama and Buchner's Woyzeck - Psychology in Modern Drama and Buchner's Woyzeck When reading the play Woyzeck by Georg Buchner, one must be willing to delve deep into the surreal as well as the confusing and even uncomfortable. The play hinges upon psychology and the fact (one of the few facts found in the play, even) that the main character of the play (Woyzeck) has obvious psychological problems that none of the other characters seem to pay attention to. Psychology is a constant theme in modern drama, and Buchner seems to bring that to the forefront in Woyzeck, especially....   [tags: Psychology Buchner Woyzeck Essays]
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The Absurdity of Kafka's The Trial - The Absurdity of Kafka's The Trial As I read through Kafka's The Trial I was struck with a fusion of frustration, ubiquity, and the overt absurdity of the story at hand. The most surprising aspect of this conglomeration of feelings was that beyond my overriding reaction of confusion there was and undeniable sense of understanding. As I explored this paradoxical juxtapositioning I came to realize that my relation to this seemingly nonsensical accumulation of conflicting ideas was that I, or rather we as humans are exposed to the bearucratic absurdities illustrated so diligently by Kafka in our every day life, and through no fault but our society, history, or cultures effect on our lives....   [tags: Papers] 891 words
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Dealing With the Issue of Separation in Poetry - Dealing With the Issue of Separation in Poetry Introduction In recent weeks in English we studied 3 poems of varying origin and of various types of poetry. We studied Havisham, by Carol Ann Duffy, Stop all the clocks by W.H. Auden and Valediction: Forbidden mourning by John Donne. All of which are about the loss of loved ones, but in a different way. In 'Havisham', the bride (Miss Havisham) was left at the altar by her to-be-husband; she has sat in her dressing room in her wedding dress for year after year since that day....   [tags: Papers] 1098 words
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Frida Kahlo and Joy Hester - Frida Kahlo and Joy Hester During the 1940's and 50's a emergence of strong female artistic influence can be seen using the examples of Joy Hester and Frida Kahlo. While Kahlo was recognised during her life as a brilliant independent artist for her ground-breakingly personal style, Hester was not. It was only after her death in 1960 that her art was truly celebrated in Australian exhibitions. Hester and Kahlo both attended art schools through the 1920's and 30's; because of this they share many of the same basic artistic influences....   [tags: History Biography Feminism] 1730 words
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Native Peoples in Canada Today -- Cultural Expression - Native Peoples in Canada Today -- Cultural Expression Greater political influence and Canada's official policy of multiculturalism have both contributed to a dramatic increase in the cultural activity of Native Canadians in the latter part of the twentieth century. Government sponsorship of the arts, with, in particular, its tendency to support the work of those from "ethnic minorities", has granted a degree of public exposure to artists who would otherwise have had great difficulty in getting it....   [tags: Essays Papers] 436 words
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Pablo Picasso2 - Pablo Picasso2 Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) is considered to be the greatest artist of the 20th century. In his prolific career, which spanned 78 years, he created more than 20,000 works of art including paintings, lithographs, etchings, and sculpture. In 1947, for example, he created 2,000 pieces of ceramics and in 1968, in a seven-month period, he returned to some of his earlier themes such as circuses, and bullfights to create 347 etchings. His work encompassed many styles -- from realism to cubism and surrealism -- making it impossible to categorize into a single movement....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Critique Of The Cabinet Of Dr. Caligari - Critique Of The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari was written by Hans Janowitz and Carl Mayer, and directed by Robert Weine. It was produced in 1919 by Erich Pommer for Decla-Bioscop. 1919 was a year in which the movie industry was transformed into a giant industry. Although the movie was produced in 1919, it was not released in the United States until 1921. A time when film makers were out to prove that film was indeed art. In the year 1921 525 films were released out of those 525, 50 still exist today, one of those 50 is The Cabinet of Dr....   [tags: essays research papers] 488 words
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Elsa Schiaparelli - ELSA SCHIAPARELLI (1890 ~ 1973) I couldn’t see where her uniqueness coming from when I look at Schiaparelli’s childhood. She was from well-established family and she was well educated. She was born in 1890, Rome, Italy. She had many talents. Her studying philosophy didn’t make many connection with art and fashion in my mind with her later shocking designs. Even for me who saw many things in today’s life, her designs were shocking and somewhat crazy. I could imagine how shocking it would be for the people in that time....   [tags: essays research papers] 393 words
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Francisco Goya, Life Of An Art - Jose de Goya y Lucientes was born on March 30, in the year 1746, in Fuendetodos, a small village in northern Spain. At the age of fourteen he became an apprentice for a local artist, Jose Luzan. Later he traveled to Madrid where he took interest in the last of the great Venetian painters. After attempting and failing to enroll in the Royal Academy of San Fernando, Goya then traveled to Rome, Italy. Then on to Sagossa in 1771 where he painted fresco in several local churches, establishing a reputation....   [tags: essays research papers] 400 words
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pollock - Pollock also became very interested in nature. Jackson Pollock only studied under Thomas Hart Benton for about two year but they remained friends until Jackson’s early death. The mid 1930’s were a bit of a hard time for Pollock. He had a hard time finding a job because America was in the middle of the Great Depression. In 1935 Jackson Pollock joined the Federal Art Project of the Works Progress Administration. He, along with five thousand other artists were hired at one time or another by the project to paint murals in public buildings to make art part of everyday American life....   [tags: essays research papers] 430 words
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Discussion on Bond of Union Lithograph Painting - Discussion on Bond of Union Lithograph Painting M.C. Escher was born in June 1898 to March 1972. He was a Dutch Graphic Artist most recognized for his repeating geometric patterns (tessellations) and incredible technique for illusions. He was studied and greatly appreciated by respected mathematicians and scientists yet he had no formal training in math or science. All of his work requires more than just a quick glance as you never know what you might miss the first time around....   [tags: Papers] 370 words
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Geometry - Geometry Geometry was actually first used in ancient Egypt and Babylon at around 2000 BC in both cases. In order for the Egyptians to build such massive structures as the pyramids they had to have made plans for them prior to the actually building, in these plans geometry had to be used. On ancient Babylonian tablets there is evidence that they understood the Pythagorean theorem. The so-called "father" of Geometry is Euclid a Greek mathematician. He wrote The Elements, books of postulates and theorems, which paved the way for modern Geometry....   [tags: Papers] 362 words
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Salvador Dali: Influences - Perhaps one of the world's greatest artists is the Hispanic artist Salvador Dali. He won many awards and became very successful in his work as an artist. During his childhood and thereafter, during the Depression, Salvador Dali's artwork and personality were influenced by many different people and entities. Dali's personal life exhibited to his contemporaries and those who enjoyed his works after his lifetime the various influences that led to his artistry. During his childhood, his family life was difficult and operose....   [tags: essays research papers] 610 words
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Salvador Dali - (1904-1989) Salvador Dali was born into a middle-class family on May 11th, 1904 in Figures Spain. In 1921 he entered the San Fernando Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid where he made friends with Federico Garcia Lorca, Luis Bunuel, and Eugenio Montes. He pursued his personal intersest in Cubism and Futurism. In June of 1923 Dali was suspended from the Academy for having indicated the students to rebel against the authorities of the school. He was let back in October of 1925, and a year later Dali was permanently expelled....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Dylan Thomas' Attitude Towards Society - Dylan Thomas' Attitude Towards Society Swansea was the "ugly lovely town"1of Dylan Thomas's childhood and it was through his explorations of Swansea and the surrounding area that he formed his first impressions of childhood. Thomas grew up during the depression after the First World War and during this time there was massive unemployment in Swansea and this would have influenced his outlook on society, but although Thomas's poems often contained bleak imagery he was not a war poet and his poems dealt with personal issues such as innocence, experience and death rather than being political....   [tags: Dylan Thomas Poetry Poems Essays] 1905 words
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Art and Mind - The human mind is a very powerful tool and organ. There are however imperfections in the way it processes things. Illusions for example, are visual stimuli that trick the brain because the brain cannot process all visual images correctly. Why do we see puddles forming up the road while we are driving in our cars on a hot summer day. Why do some parts of a drawing look bigger when in fact they are smaller. There have been many artists that have used illusions in their paintings, M.C. Escher, Scott Kim, and Salvador Dali....   [tags: essays research papers] 1025 words
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Case Study of Bolivar and Contemporary Greek Mythology - The excessive element of the hero in both the poetic and artistic expression of Nikos Engonopoulos: The case study of “Bolivar” and the contemporary revival of Greek mythology It is, I think, in itself an heroic act to speak today of heroes and heroic excession in an era that is characterized as anti heroic. In earlier times – much earlier than the nineteenth century – the history of human achievement was not conceived of as anything but the history of heroic deeds which the distinguished dared to undertake and successfully managed to execute (J.P.Vernant 1989: 145) and whose memory is still alive....   [tags: Nikos Engonopoulos]
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