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Your search returned over 400 essays for "solidarity"
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The Polish Solidarity Party - Everyone has certain rights and with those rights come certain responsibilities which one must fulfill in order to preserve his or her rights. Those involved in the Polish Solidarity Party, which began as an independent labor union, had rights which they satisfied in order to protect their rights and in doing so, they created a new and improved Poland. Previous to the formation of the Solidarity Party, the Communist regime controlled Poland. Communism, based on the ideas and teachings of Karl Marx, is a system in which everyone is seen as equal and wealth is distributed equally among the people....   [tags: rights, solidarity, politics] 2894 words
(8.3 pages)
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Durkheim’s Thesis on Social Solidarity in Different Types of Societies - Durkheim’s thesis in regards to social solidarity, based upon his views, which explain individuals influenced by social facts. The social facts he outlined and referred to as a “thing” (Ritzer, p 185) are the languages spoken, buildings, and ethics. Durkheim viewed social facts being outside of the individual but yet powerful in shaping the individual. Social facts defined as material and nonmaterial. Material social facts visible such as buildings, while nonmaterial social facts difficult to see but as a society we know they exist....   [tags: sociology, solidarity]
:: 6 Works Cited
1185 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Emergence of Solidarity - Yes, the Soviet grip on Eastern Europe was complete. It was not until the emergence of ‘solidarity’, which became the first ‘mass’ movement against soviet communism that actually challenged the system effectively. By the early nineteen eighties solidarity had more than nine million members, that was over a third of the Polish workforce and in a survey at the time ninety five percent of poles said they trusted solidarity. Solidarity also had the support of the Catholic Church, which was a part of glue that held Poland together, in other Eastern European countries religion had been crushed because communism was anti religious but they could not do so in Poland because nearly all the Poles were...   [tags: Unions] 581 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Solidarity Movement - The Solidarity Movement In the summer of 1980 Communist Poland was experiencing labor unrest at an unprecedented level. Living standards were still very low, the economy was stagnant, and food shortages and inflation were abundant. The Polish Communist Party was faced with nationwide strikes, and their tactics of buying off workers had failed because there were too many people striking. However, when the strikes spread to the Lenin Shipyard in Gdańsk on August 14th, everything was about to change....   [tags: polish communist party] 2805 words
(8 pages)
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Solidarity vs Self-interest. - To experience the lifestyle of an Athenian some 2,400 years ago would be a culture shock for any modern human being. Almost every form of technology providing the conveniences of today were virtually non-existent. The roaring sounds of industrialization that fill our cities and keep the tempo of modern life would not even begin to emerge for another 2,200 years. This was a time in history when the mind alone could stir the greatest controversy. One man’s ideas could incite wars, and his radical beliefs could have him executed....   [tags: Benefits of Solidarity 2014]
:: 5 Works Cited
1500 words
(4.3 pages)
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Solidarity: Living with Others in Mind - Pope Francis said, “The culture of solidarity means seeing others not as rivals or statistics, but brothers and sisters.” Solidarity is a word casually thrown around in theology. My view of solidarity is constantly changing. After interacting with new people and now that I have a deeper insight into theological studies, I found that solidarity is different for every person and everyone’s experience is different. Some may find solidarity when they work with people; others may find solidarity in listening to people’s experiences....   [tags: Pope Francis, Oscar Romero, christianity]
:: 2 Works Cited
1462 words
(4.2 pages)
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Is Solidarity for Only White Women? - The phrase “solidarity is for white women” emphasizes the limited amount of women in color who participates in academic debates related to female issues. However, this is ironic since solidarity means agreement among individuals with common interest. The phrase species white women even though minorities are the people excluded from the debate agreements. Allan G. Johnson would certainty say that the white women have the privilege in mainstream media. “What it does mean is that I’m also getting something that other people are denied, people who are like me in every respect for the social categories they belong to”....   [tags: female, issues, race, feminism, gender] 1812 words
(5.2 pages)
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Kenya and East African Solidarity - Kenya has been a symbol of East African solidarity, as they gained a reluctant sovereignty after years of ram shaking batter with colonialist Britain. Many factors contributed to the gaining of Kenyan independence in December 1963, using both aggressive and passive styles of rebellion they rebuked colonial autocracy and gained their independence. During the 19th Century numerous European countries begun to take an active interest in African countries, Kenya and much of East Africa was soon swept under British mandate....   [tags: Reluctant Soveriegnty, Britain, Independence]
:: 11 Works Cited
1558 words
(4.5 pages)
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The Solidarity of the International Longshore and Warehouse Union - Solidarity is an important linchpin in any type of organization. In a labor union, it is even more so, it is the foundation of the organization. A limited amount of labor unions today have a level of unity that gives them the power to wield when it comes to negotiating contracts. Within the United States ports system, the success through labor disputes, bargaining, organization, and sense of community shows that more unions should follow the example set by the International Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU) when it pertains to union solidarity....   [tags: Union Research Paper]
:: 8 Works Cited
2804 words
(8 pages)
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Comparing Intellectual Autonomy and Intellectual Solidarity - This assignment submission deals with the advantages and drawbacks of intellectual autonomy and intellectual solidarity on the basis of the arguments from David Hume, Thomas Reid and Immanuel Kant as presented on the video lectures of this class. I also make the claim that many of the advantages and drawbacks discussed by Hume, Reid and Kant correspond to advantages and drawbacks experienced by any self-regulating system that is developing towards either a greater degree of specialization (intellectual solidarity) or a greater degree of diversification (intellectual autonomy)....   [tags: specialization, dependency, testimony] 640 words
(1.8 pages)
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Racial Solidarity and The Colonization of North America - The colonization of North America is not a pretty story, to say the least. In order to colonize the land, the Europeans had to use slaves for manual labor; whether it be the African slaves in Barbados and Chesapeake, or the Native Americans mining for gold, or even orphan children working on farms. The colonial elites had to use force, persuasion, threat, and deceit to accomplish their goals and maintain control. Throughout history, we see many occasions in which one race enslaves another. But has it always been his way....   [tags: Human Rights]
:: 3 Works Cited
1392 words
(4 pages)
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Working Class Solidarity:Rebuilding Youngstown - Working-Class Solidarity; Rebuilding Youngstown Undoubtedly work and place influence its surroundings. Youngstown, Ohio is emphasized as one in particular. As a result “steelmaking fueled the area’s economy and defined its identity” (68). The city was represented in newspapers, art work, postcards, and many texts as both “impressive and attractive” (75), as well as “imposing, confusing, and uninviting” (86). Considering the conflicting representations, steelmaking “also suggest(s) a key element of conflict in the community” that it was so clearly creating an identity for (69)....   [tags: Ohio social and class conflicts] 1219 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Solidarity movement in Poland - The Solidarity movement in Poland The Solidarity movement in Poland was one of the most dramatic developments in Eastern Europe during the Cold War. It was not a movement that began in 1980, but rather a continuation of a working class and Polish intelligentsia movement that began in 1956, and continued in two other risings, in 1970 and 1976. The most significant of these risings began in the shipyards of the 'Triple City', Gdansk, Sopot and Gdynia in 1970. The first and by far the most violent and bloody of the workers revolts came in June of 1956, when at least 75 people died in the industrial city of Poznan....   [tags: European Europe History] 2238 words
(6.4 pages)
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Female Agency in African History: From Solidarity to Innovation - Title For many Westerners, Africa is stereotyped as a continent of tribes with primitive social structures and hierarchies. Included in this stereotype is an idea of the African woman as subservient, vulnerable and in need of protection. However, reality shows these notions are incredibly misguided. Although there is no denying that males functioned as the dominant sex in Africa, there are many historical analyses which show that women often had an active social role. One such analysis is “The Iyalode in the Traditional Yoruba Political System,” an essay by Bolanle Awe, which describes the role women played in the governing systems of the Yoruba people of West Africa....   [tags: Culture ] 1709 words
(4.9 pages)
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Business Ethics: McDonnell Douglas' Lack of Solidarity - The reason I chose to write about this company McDonnell Douglas is because I felt that what they did was appalling and demonic. They dehumanized the passengers and only seen profit margins. One may say that McDonnell Douglas imps did not know the meaning of the word “solidarity”: Solidarity is a principle of Catholic Social Teaching. This principle means the firm and preserving determination to commit oneself to the common good. This principle incorporates other principles like Human Dignity, Community, Common Good, Stewardship, and Option for the Poor, that is what we are to demonstrate in our actions....   [tags: Business Ethics ]
:: 4 Works Cited
1798 words
(5.1 pages)
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White Silence, White Solidarity - In the article of White Silence, White Solidarity, the author is an Euro-American and an educator of multicultural education. What she thinks of multicultural education is a fiend that criticized as skirting around white racism, and celebrating the European ethnic immigrant experience. She thinks that white people of their common whiteness or the privileges is gained from white racism and they are fear of losing material and psychological advantages when they screen out the color of people. She also states that white people learn to talk about race-related issues by several communication strategies....   [tags: essays research papers] 364 words
(1 pages)
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Background and Management of Microfinance at Grameen Bank in Bangladesh - This chapter of solidarity economy refers to background and management of micro finance at Grameen Bank. Grameen Bank was which was found by Prof Muhammad Yunus in Bangladesh at 1983. Background of Micro-finance began the reason why solve to reduce the bottom class of people in the modern. Prof Muhammad Yunus organized Grameen Bank in Bangladesh because they independently emerge from poverty situation through an access right of finance. His deeply motive was their existence of government inability, stereotype of public or private bankers, and a moneylender....   [tags: solidarity economy] 1050 words
(3 pages)
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Silence and Solidarity in Can’t Quit You Baby by Ellen Douglas - Developing friendships between black and white women has been difficult for many years. Although black and white women share common grey spaces, it is the effects of racism that caused one culture to be seemingly set at a higher level on the hierarchical scale. The perceived distance created limits on both races which as a result created a wall of silence and a lack of solidarity. Even though oppression and past hurts have prolonged the mending of what could become an authentic healing there are still positive views on what could be accomplished if women of all races came together to form a mutual bond....   [tags: social classes, sexual desire] 1590 words
(4.5 pages)
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Collective Conscience, Collective Representation, and Social Currents: The Amish Rumspringa - Collective Conscience, Collective Representations, and Social Currents: The events that the young Amish will be apart of during Rumspringa appear to be similar to what an English person, like you or I, is showed to during high school and college. The problem with Rumspringa is that the Amish are very unexposed to our sort of lifestyle their entire lives, that when they finally get to experience it for themselves, they tend to have over exposure. There are two categories of solidarity that we have discussed throughout class, one being mechanical, and the other organic....   [tags: solidarity, society, lifestyle] 1093 words
(3.1 pages)
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Solitude, Solidarity, and Sexuality in One Hundred Years of Solitude - Solitude, Solidarity, and Sexuality in One Hundred Years of Solitude Soledad in Spanish means more than our word "solitude," although it means that too. It suggests loneliness, the sense of being apart from others. Although ultimately each human being is alone, because there are parts of our experience we cannot share, some people are more solitary than others. The really solitary figures in this novel are those who deliberately cut themselves off from other humans. They are contrasted with characters who combat their solitude, by making strenuous efforts to reach out to others....   [tags: One Hundred Years Solitude Essays] 412 words
(1.2 pages)
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Viewpoints of Durkhiem, Karl Marx, and Adam Smith - Durkheim: What makes society progressive is the growth of a nation towards the better. What makes a nation powerful and grow is the division of labor. It has been apparent over the centuries of technological growth that within a society the more societal advancements there are, the more division of labor there is within the nation. Durkheim considered the division of labor has a natural law, one that not only was in humans but all organisms. Durkheim felt that although everything should be divided into his or her own labor, it was all for the greater good, the social solidarity....   [tags: society, social solidarity, nation] 659 words
(1.9 pages)
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Understanding The Meaning of Freedom: James Yates, Tadeusz Borowski, and Adolf Hitler - Understanding Freedom Freedom: the power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants without hindrance or restraint. While a Webster dictionary provides a sound definition to this most coveted of words, it is by no means universal. While one person may define freedom as their accessibility to a clean source of fresh drinking water, another may define freedom as a having a stable wi-fi connection. In the context of the world during the second world war, there were at least three men, James Yates, Tadeusz Borowski, and Adolf Hitler, who each had their own understanding of the word, “freedom-” Yates, that of solidarity, Borowski, that of freedom’s nonexistence, and Hitler, that of racial sup...   [tags: power, superiority, solidarity]
:: 3 Works Cited
1104 words
(3.2 pages)
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Compassion in the Workplace in Nickel and Dimed by Barbara Ehrenreich - Why might people in the workplace share a good common goodwill, generosity, and solidarity amongst each other. They most likely will share these things because they are all in the same boat. For example, as hard and difficult as work may be, it may be an escape for most of the workers. The feeling of care and support may come from other workers because at that moment, they are all together, and they are away from the hardships they might face. They all know how their co-workers feel, and to share a smile, it may help someones day....   [tags: goodwill, generosity, solidarity] 554 words
(1.6 pages)
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Case Studies in the Cultural and Political Uses of Popular Music - ... After years of this, Portugal attracted competition from other countries that wanted to claim the land of Brazil for themselves. In order for Portugal to ensure their claim on the land, they had to begin the process of colonization. After the colonization of Portuguese in Brazil, sugar and coffee plantations developed. However, many of the natives were dying due to disease brought in by the Europeans, and there was a shortage of workers for the growing amount of sugar and coffee plantations....   [tags: opposition, solidarity, carnival samba] 921 words
(2.6 pages)
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To what extent did Solidarity contribute to undermining Communism in Poland? - To what extent did Solidarity contribute to undermining Communism in Poland. Communism in Poland was self-consciously the workers-state, largely responsible for creating the modern Polish working class through industrialization and raising expectations of equality and of higher living standards. It is widely believed that Solidarity undermined Communism in Poland, partly by disrupting the Communist program of production through strikes, but more by transferring the trust and loyalty of the Polish people from Communism to itself....   [tags: European Europe History] 4395 words
(12.6 pages)
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The Fall of Communism: Poland 1980-1992 - Communism, based on the ideas and teachings of Karl Marx, is a system in which everyone is seen as equal and wealth is distributed equally among the people. Communism was wide-spread in Eastern Europe throughout the 20th century and despite several attempts by different countries, Communism was prominent. The fall of Communism in Poland was brought upon the country after forty-four years of Communist rule. It was never unanimously supported and many fought to end it from the very beginning....   [tags: Karl Marx, World History]
:: 30 Works Cited
939 words
(2.7 pages)
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What Held Societies and Social Groups Together - Durkheim was a social theorist whose main concern was the basis of integration and solidarity in human societies. Initially, his focus was society as a whole, later he brought his attention to examining rituals and interactions of people in face-to-face contact. Durkheim’s main concern was to analyze how societies could maintain their integrity and coherence in the modern era, when things such as shared religious and ethnic background could no longer be assumed. In response to this concern, he wrote greatly about the effects of laws, religion, education and similar forces on society and social integration....   [tags: emile durkheim, social theorists, social facts]
:: 5 Works Cited
1084 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Features of Durkheim's Social Realism - Durkheim is a highly influential name to remember when thinking of sociology. Durkheim’s mission was to develop sociology so it could be defined and to develop a method on how sociology should be used. Durkheim’s main concern in his career was primarily associated with how societies might preserve their integrity and rationality within modernised society, when things such as shared religious views and ethnic backgrounds are seen as things of the past. In relation to Durkheim’s social realism his concern was with the growing individualism in society....   [tags: Sociology Analysis]
:: 9 Works Cited
2622 words
(7.5 pages)
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The Transformation of Gdańsk - The city of Gdańsk has played an important role in the transformation of Europe. But the same thing that today makes us proud about our past, could very well be what makes us a monument in the future. A legacy enacted solely through commemoration does not constitute a creative starting-point for adapting to contemporary challenges. Gdańskian, Polish, or European. Gdańsk needs to transform. And Europe will play an important role in the transformation of Gdańsk. The future of Gdańsk, like the future of Poland, and of Europe, is decided by how we take responsibility for the freedom that we’ve conquered....   [tags: International Government] 854 words
(2.4 pages)
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Emile Durkheim's Work - Emile Durkheim's Work Emile Durkheim established the logic of the functional approach to the study of social phenomena and ‘social facts’. The principle conceptualization, on which most of Durkheim’ s work is founded, rests in the analogy of society acting much like the human organism. In that, it is a system or whole composed of interrelated parts, which are all necessary and work interdependently for an optimal functioning. Consequently, he was interested in the effects of the historical development of the division of labour on societies....   [tags: Papers] 780 words
(2.2 pages)
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Baraka Film Analysis - "Baraka" exemplifies everything Emile Durkheim referred to as sociological functionalism. This is the perspective that various parts of a society or social system affect other parts within that system, and how they function in the overall continuity of that system. Durkheim showed that all the aspects of human society work together much like the parts of a machine. The concept of social solidarity - ties that bind people to one another and to society as a whole- play a major role in the lives of humans....   [tags: sociological functionalism] 1006 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union - The European Union’s role in the international sphere, as well as the aim to improve its external actions, have been considered to be the two most important features of the Lisbon Treaty. Within the Lisbon Treaty, the combination of the provisions on mutual assistance and solidarity created new pressures on member states to assist one another in cases of armed attacks, disasters being it natural or man-made and crisis on EU territory. The Lisbon Treaty brought about many changes within the structure of the European Union....   [tags: european union, lisbon treaty, defence policy] 1259 words
(3.6 pages)
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Tradition Throughout The Industrial and Political Revolution - Tradition is losing its jurisdiction upon society. Throughout the Industrial and Political Revolutions it has been reformed by modernist thought and shifted from the mechanical solidarity of religion to a major upheaval of traditionalist thought. Traditional entities have reached modernity and found their selves caught in the reasoning of science and rationalization. Anomie is the inevitable feature of a transition from traditional solidarity to a complex modern society, drawing together the affinity of human nature and the ability to shape your own life with the choices that people face throughout their life....   [tags: Industry, Politics, Revolutions] 1801 words
(5.1 pages)
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Language as Connectivity in a Group - Language is a crucial part of how people in a group show their solidarity to each other. Discuss Through the use of language, each member of a group is able to construct and reflect their identity. Through the language features present in slang and jargon, users are able to communicate their social identity and group belonging. They are also able to portray their cultural heritage and background through ethnolect varieties of English. Language plays a crucial part in enabling the speaker to communicate belonging to a specific social group, reinforcing solidarity....   [tags: Language] 1101 words
(3.1 pages)
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Comparison of Three Views of Sociology - Each of the three main theorists, Marx, Durkheim, and Weber have significantly different aspects on how society is held together. Some things about their theories are related in few ways. Marx was quoted, “The origins of change are all materialistic, not based on ideas.” This aspect focuses on how material items are the basis of society. Durkheim focused on the dependence of others to make society work. Weber used the focus of religion affecting all aspects of life. This is known as social cohesion....   [tags: Sociology Essays]
:: 7 Works Cited
1337 words
(3.8 pages)
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Fall of Communism From Different Perspectives - When a major event takes place in history it is not surprising that many interpretations of these events will arise. As humans we tend to have different feelings and therefore different interpretations, especially on events that impact our lives and society. The fact that our judgments are different does not entail that either of our interpretations are wrong. Rather, it means that our different judgments can be combined in order to gain a new form of knowledge that envelops various points of view....   [tags: History Analysis]
:: 3 Works Cited
1975 words
(5.6 pages)
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Modernity and Classical Sociology Theory - Paul de Man once said, “Modernity exists in the form of a desire to wipe out whatever came earlier, in the hope of reaching at least a point that could be called a true present, a point of origin that marks a new departure.” But what is he really trying to say. Modernity takes out the old and brings in the new, continually upgrading to something else. Modernity appears as a concept of change. It most commonly refers to the social conditions, processes, and discourses resulting from the Age of Enlightenment....   [tags: Sociology Essays] 1845 words
(5.3 pages)
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How relevant are the early theories of Mass Society in today’s media environment? - The Media has been thought to have effects on people since its infancy. When the mass media first evolved many people became concerned about what influence it was having on society, and so various theories were used during this early period in attempt to explain just what these effects were. The reason for concern about the media was primarily based on the change in society, so there was the belief that the ‘powerful’ media could take advantage of this situation and manipulates the ‘masses’. This essay will discuss how relevant the early theories of mass society are in today’s media environment, as there have been vast changes in terms of society as well as the media....   [tags: Sociology]
:: 9 Works Cited
2113 words
(6 pages)
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The Fall of Communism in Poland - Everyone has certain rights and with those rights come certain responsibilities which one must fulfill in order to preserve their responsibilities. Those involved in the Polish Solidarity Party, which began as an independent labor union, had rights and responsibilities which they satisfied and in doing so, they created a new and improved Poland. Previous to the formation of the Solidarity Party, the Communist regime controlled Poland. Communism, based on the ideas and teachings of Karl Marx, is a system in which everyone is seen as equal and wealth is distributed equally among the people....   [tags: Communism in Poland]
:: 7 Works Cited
2919 words
(8.3 pages)
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Major Turning Point In History: Gdansk Shipyard Strike - The gdansk shipyard strike was a major turning point in history. This event occurred during the August of 1980. Though it only started in one isolated area, it spread hope throughout all of Poland. The strike itself was lead by a great leader, it was a very historical event, and there were actually a few different significant reasons as to why it started in the first place that makes it important. There was no doubt that Lech Walesa was a great man, a noble speaker, and a powerful leader. However, his life was not always bliss....   [tags: lech walesa, gdansk, lenin shipyard ]
:: 6 Works Cited
920 words
(2.6 pages)
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A-Level Theory and Methods Revision - A-Level Theory and Methods Revision 1. Sociological Analysis - focus here is on social structures or systems sometimes phrased a MACRO or big worldview. Structuralist: - Positivist methodology aimed at being objective + uncovering causal laws. Based on EMPIRICISM i.e. hard data, which proves the theory true. Reliable - Replicable - Based on influence of external forces. Functionalist Marxist Weber as a conflict. Structuralist - mainly in topic stratification à Giddens' Structuration Theory 1979 - Post Modernism à Radical ¯ of +ism, a diverse range of perspectives should be accepted....   [tags: Papers] 8718 words
(24.9 pages)
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Universal Themes in Toni Morrison’s Beloved - In Toni Morrison’s novel, Beloved, Morrison uses universal themes and characters that anyone can relate to today. Set in the 1800s, Beloved is about the destructive effects of American slavery. Most destructive in the novel, however, is the impact of slavery on the human soul. Morrison’s Beloved highlights how slavery contributes to the destruction of one’s identity by examining the importance of community solidarity, as well as the powers and limits of language during the 1860s. This novel illustrates the power and importance of community solidarity....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Toni Morrison]
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969 words
(2.8 pages)
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Marx, Durkheim, Weber and Sociology - The theoretical works of Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim and Max Weber still influence sociological theory. Though their works are decades old they still are a major part of what sociology is today. Though their theories can seem very different, there are some similarities. To become a great sociologist one most learn and understands how to use all sociological perspectives. To do this one must understand and use the different theoretical perspectives created by Marx, Durkheim, and Weber. Karl Marx theoretical perspective on conflict is by far one the most interesting theories in sociology....   [tags: Sociology Essays]
:: 2 Works Cited
1667 words
(4.8 pages)
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Sociological Theory in The Lottery by Shirley Jackson - Sociological Theory in The Lottery by Shirley Jackson "The Lottery" is a short story by Shirley Jackson that was published in 1948 and gave a good example of the definition of the term sociological theory. This theory is a set of ideas on how people behave and how institutions operate. The analysis of this short story and the of the work of Emile Durkheim shows the relationship of the two in the field of Sociology. There are many well defined intertwining theories that Durkheim gave to society that are also included in "The Lottery"....   [tags: The Lottery Essays] 412 words
(1.2 pages)
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Read the Corn-Sale Dilemma (Cicero, On Duties 3.50-57). How can this scenario help to understand the ancient arguments for treating other people gener - The Corn-Sale Dilemma was included in Cicero’s philosophical work De Officiis, aka On Duties. It was written in 44 BC, specifically addressing his son Marcus. It deals with problems of moral behaviour, drawing on the opinions of different sects of ancient philosophy. The Corn-Sale Dilemma exemplifies the main problem of the treatise, namely, finding the right balance between what is “honourable” (honestum) and what is useful. The passage may read like a page from a course on Business Ethics, but in fact Cicero’s focus is primarily moral in the philosophical sense: the emphasis is on the character of the hypothetical seller....   [tags: Cicero, philosophical work, On Duties]
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1110 words
(3.2 pages)
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Marx and Durkheim’s View on the Benefits and Dangers of Modern Capitalism - Introduction Karl Marx (1818-1883) and Émile Durkheim (1858-1917) were sociologists who both existed throughout similar time periods of the 19th and early 20th centuries, resulting in both Marx, and Durkheim to be concerned about similar effects and impacts among society (Appelrouth and Edles: 20, 77). Marx’s main focus was on class distinctions among the bourgeoisie and proletariat, forces and relations of production, capital, surplus value, alienation, labour theory of value, exploitation and class consciousness (Appelrouth and Edles: 20)....   [tags: socioeconomic analysis] 1978 words
(5.7 pages)
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The Central Theme of Southern History by Ulrich B. Phillips - Imagine a historian, author of an award-winning dissertation and several books. He is an experienced lecturer and respected scholar; he is at the forefront of his field. His research methodology sets the bar for other academicians. He is so highly esteemed, in fact, that an article he has prepared is to be presented to and discussed by the United States’ oldest and largest society of professional historians. These are precisely the circumstances in which Ulrich B. Phillips wrote his 1928 essay, “The Central Theme of Southern History.” In this treatise he set forth a thesis which on its face is not revolutionary: that the cause behind which the South stood unified was not slavery, as such,...   [tags: Phillips vs. Wright] 1616 words
(4.6 pages)
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Cultural Criminology: A New Perspective to Understanding Crime and Deviance - Cultural criminology is a relatively new perspective and approach to understanding crime and deviance. Cultural criminology first began to develop in the 1990s and rapidly progressed in to a new field of criminology that is both influential and informative. The core concept of cultural criminology is built upon by using traditional approaches from different disciplines such as sociological studies, cultural studies, symbolic interactionism and many other disciplines, theories and methods. (Oxford bibliography Keith Hayward) Although it would seem that cultural criminology is nothing more than an interdisciplinary field, using only the studies and theories of some of the disciplines mentioned...   [tags: Hillsborough disaster, subcultures]
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2353 words
(6.7 pages)
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France's Welfare System - The welfare system in France is founded on the principle of solidarity. Solidarity is sense of the responsibility of the individuals in the society to help each other out. This is all for the common good (Spicker). In order to promote solidarity, France has a welfare system that includes universal entitlements, social insurance, means-tested public assistance, and tax expenditures programs. One aspect of the French welfare system is universal entitlements. One universal entitlement under the French welfare system is health insurance....   [tags: International Government ]
:: 8 Works Cited
950 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Life of Emile Durkheim - Emile Durkheim was French sociologist. He was born on April 15, 1858 in Epinal, France. Epinal is located in the Eastern French Province, Lorraine. His father, Moise was the Chief Rabbi of Epinal, Vosges, and Haute-Marne, while his mother, Melanie, worked as an embroiderer. Durkheim was the youngest of their four surviving children. Durkheim’s great-grandfather, grandfather, and father were all Jewish rabbis. He was expected to follow suit so at a young age he was sent to a rabbinical school. He studied Hebrew, the Talmud, the Old Testament, as well as the curriculum taught in secular schools....   [tags: Biography ]
:: 6 Works Cited
1366 words
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Emile Durkheim Ideas on Terrorism - On September 11, 2001 two highjacked airplanes crashed into the World Trade Towers in New York City. Another jetliner crashed into the Pentagon in Washington D.C. This is a day that no American will ever forget. People could not understand why these people planned and followed through these horrible acts. In the following paper I will used the ideas of Emile Durkeim to explain not only the acts of the terrorists but also the reactions from the American people. People wept for the victims they had never met, pride in America was stronger than ever....   [tags: 9/11, Collective Conscious]
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Redefining Religion in Dystopia - In states overshadowed by continuous negative messaging, having abandoned many of the social systems of today’s society, can religion exist. While religion is present in numerous works, Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World and P.D. James’ The Children of Men offer alternative insights into what constitutes religion in their contrasting dystopian societies. Both works contain scenes and themes with religious connotations. The traditional beliefs of the world’s common religions are suppressed in both works by their monocratic governments or rulers and replaced by either a convoluted form of religion in the case of The Children of Men or by state-sanctioned replacements in Brave New World....   [tags: analysis, aldous huxley]
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Durkheim and Functionalism - Durkheim and Functionalism Durkheim looked at how the big things affected the little people in society; the ‘top-down’ approach’. - using systematic research - the idea of social structure - the idea of imperial research He came up with the idea of SOCIAL FACTS - these refer to social structures and cultural norms These ‘social facts’ are independent institutions that affect the way that people behave Durkheim argued that sociology should study these social facts, arguing that the belief systems, customs and institutions of society and the facts of the social world should all be considered as things in the same way as the objects and events of the n...   [tags: Papers] 386 words
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How Society Can Be Both Internal and External to Human Beings - How Society Can Be Both Internal and External to Human Beings Many different people, from many different backgrounds can define society in many different ways. To some it is the community they live in, to others it is the entity that shapes their lives, and yet to others, it is an exclusive club in which they're are a member of. To Emile Durkheim, the world's first official Sociologist, society is a complex structure in which each separate part is responsible for its own function for the benefit of the whole....   [tags: Papers] 1072 words
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Society Exposed in Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World - Society Exposed in Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World One may think that the society in Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World is a gross representation of the future, but perhaps our society isn’t that much different. In his foreword to the novel Brave New World, Aldous Huxley envisioned this statement when he wrote: "To make them love it is the task assigned, in present-day totalitarian states, to ministries of propaganda...." Thus, through hypnopaedic teaching (brainwashing), mandatory attendance to community gatherings, and the use of drugs to control emotions, Huxley bitterly satirized the society in which we live....   [tags: Aldous Huxley Brave New World] 864 words
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Welfare and Power: More Harm Than Good? - In her article, "To Fulfill Their `Rightly Needs': Consumerism and the National Welfare Rights Movement," Felicia Kornbluh reflects on the relationship between welfare departments and the lower class recipients. Noting the battle over the content of the budget between beneficiaries of welfare and authorities (Kornbluh, 94), Kornbluh points to "fair hearings" as a solution to disputes (97). Yet, the hearings may amount to nothing due to the fact that the same authorities concerned in the battle also run the hearings, thereby creating a struggle of power between recipients and welfare departments....   [tags: Ethics] 781 words
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The Lottery and Durkheims Ideoloies - The Lottery and Durkheims Ideoloies In this essay we will take a look at and analyze The Lottery by Shirley Jackson in stipulations related to Durkheim's ideologies. I will try to make various links from the story to Durkheim's functionalism. A few of the points where I will try to make connections are on mechanical society and what kind of suicide is more prevalent with in it, social facts, solidarity, and religion. Social facts are external, and that means that social facts are customs and laws that surround us were already here when we were born and they will be here when we die....   [tags: The Lottery Essays] 453 words
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durkheim division of laber - Emile Durkheim main concern was social order, and how individual integrated to maintain it. The Division of Labor was one of Durkheim’s first major works. Society is a system of inter-related and inter-connected of not only individuals but also subgroups interacting with one another. Durkheim is interested on how this division of labor changes the way that individuals feel when they are part of society as a whole. As society advances it becomes more complex, and as it becomes more complex, it gets harder to maintain with the rise of conflict....   [tags: essays research papers] 1008 words
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Nobel Laureate Gabriel Garcia Marquez a Champion for Latin American Solitude - The works of the late 1982 Columbian literary Nobel Laureate Gabriel Garica Marquez reflect not only the sentiments of postcolonial Columbians, but also the surreal realities lived by Latin Americans in the New World. This surreal reality is what Marquez has become synonymous with — magic realism. The literary genre, magic realism, can be found in Marquez’s books and short stories such as 100 Years of Solitude and “A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings”. Literary critics and audience alike have marveled at how Marquez masterfully connected the ethereal and the mundane with such precision in diction and syntax that the narratives seem more than commonplace but actually feasible and tangible....   [tags: surreal realities, latin community]
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The Impact of Taiwanese Domestic Politics on Cross Strait Relations - In 1996 the Republic of China held its first open presidential elections in which the incumbent Lee-Teng Hui, a benshengren born on the island, held his seat with a comfortable 54% of the vote. The run up to the elections saw the occurrence of The Third Taiwan Strait Crisis in which the PRC unsuccessfully attempted to intimidate voters in Taiwan, sending a message that the elections of Lee would ultimately mean war. In response the United States under the leadership of President Bill Clinton, acting as commander-in-chief, sent not one but two aircraft carriers into the straits, indicating military solidarity with the ROC....   [tags: china, nationalism] 1097 words
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Marx and Durkheim and their Theories of Capitalism and Industrialism - ... The new generation acquires and develops the central values of their society. In 1891 primary education became free and compulsory for all children between the ages 5 and 13. Although some may see this as a great step towards equality, many found this an inconvenience as their children could no longer work for them; this in some cases meant families lost out on money and business. A Marxist would explain this as the Bourgeoisie transmitting the ideology to the Proletariat that capitalism is just and reasonable....   [tags: compulsory education, britain, boys] 1742 words
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The Contribution of Robert Merton’s Work to Criminological Theory - Merton’s work has contributed greatly to criminological theory as he took a different perspective than Durkheim’s concept of anomie and reworked to the American context. The theories and concepts of anomie and strain that Merton argued have influenced the works of Cohen as well as the New Deviancy Theory and the New Penology. Therefore, Strain theory has evolved across time to encompass different situational circumstances of crime. Furthermore, due to the individual’s inability to achieve the appropriate cultural status, the idea of reference groups have also been highly relevant to today’s understanding of crime....   [tags: Criminology ]
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Our Schools Need Community Service Learning Programs - "I don't know what your destiny will be, but one thing I do know: the only ones among you who will be really happy are those who have sought and found how to serve." - Albert Schweitzer Each community is like a human body, it requires a constant life force to survive. Volunteers and community service workers are the blood that maintains our communities. It fortifies our foundations. A community is only as strong as the weakest link. We must empower those weakened by poverty, discrimination and other social injustices....   [tags: Community Service Essays]
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The Case Against Perfection by Michael Sandels - Recent breakthroughs in the field of genetics and biotechnology have brought attention to the ethical issues surrounding human enhancement. While these breakthroughs have many positive aspects, such as the treatment and prevention of many debilitating diseases and extending human life expectancy well beyond its current limits, there are profound moral implications associated with the ability to manipulate our own nature. Michael Sandel’s “The Case Against Perfection” examines the ethical and moral issues associated with human enhancement while Nick Bostrom’s paper, “In Defense of Posthuman Dignity” compares the positions that transhumanists and bioconservatists take on the topic of human enh...   [tags: human nature, posthuman dignity]
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Power of Women and Women of Power - ... According to an article in Women’s America “ER increasingly bypassed State Department restrictions; she worked, often covertly, with private groups and individuals. She campaigned for a less restrictive refugee policy, pursed visas for individuals, and answered and passed on to government officials every appeal sent to her” (Kerber 532). Being of the highest possible social class, Roosevelt found power in her status and leveraged it to further her own itinerary. Selecting from only the above mentioned forms of personal power, I must argue that Melba Beals found power threw race....   [tags: suffrage, rights, Roosevelt, Stanton, Beals]
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Edgar Allen Poe's Philosophy of Poetry - Edgar Allan Poe had a philosophy that poetry should appeal only to the sense of beauty, not truth. I think that what Poe is trying to say with this philosophy is that not everything that we sense is beautiful is necessarily truly beautiful. In all of Edgar Allan Poe’s poems there is a haunting aspect of beauty that he describes, however, his life was not full of beauty or happiness. I will show the beauty Edgar Allan Poe describes in his poetry that may have escaped his life or not even existed....   [tags: poetry] 644 words
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Friday Night Lights: Structure Functional Theory - Functionalism views society as the stability and assimilation of a range of forces that function within it. While society is a separate entity with a life of its own, there are individual elements contributing to that stability. Functionalism as a sociological theory emphasizes assimilation rather than the dissociation of society. Therefore, the society is seen as a whole that is compromised of parts which give one another their identity and their function. The part, whether that is education, such as a school, or sports, such as a football team, operates in relation to the other parts, and cannot be entirely understood in isolation from the other parts....   [tags: Society, Functionalism, TV Series] 1463 words
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Robert Merton’s Work and Criminological Theory - Durkheim was raised in France during the second half of the eighteenth century, a time when individuals were regulated through society’s collective conscience which was heavily reliant on religion, enlightenment, and Darwinism. It was also a time of great turmoil generated by the French revolution in 1789 and the industrialisation of society, which created the division of labour and specialisation between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie (Gold & Bernard, 1986). One of Durkheim’s key themes is centred on social solidarity, where the transition from mechanic solidarity and the collective conscience of the church became punctured leading to the rise of individualisation (organic solidarity)....   [tags: Crime, Biography, Contributions]
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The Significance of Sporting Event Rituals - Durkheim’s theoretical approach of rituals, presents a unique perspective that describes the important social rituals that take place in today’s society such as churches, funerals, weddings, and sporting events. Throughout his theory, Durkheim describes different social groups and explains how these beliefs and practices are directly related to the rituals and actions that are associated with them. Durkheim presents a relationship between the behaviors of ritual and devotion to social order. Many rituals often have sacred items that provide individuals with a significant meaning or set of specific beliefs, which connect them to a particular group....   [tags: devotions, classical social theories]
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The Christian View of the Disabled - What does disability mean. We witness individuals that live their lives with specific challenges on a day-to-day basis, but we do not consider it part of life, until it becomes part of reality. People with disabilities have challenges because they either have an invisible, visible, sensory, mobility, or intellectual disability, which causes them to be distinguished as ‘different’ in the public eye. I will not be discussing disabilities, but discussing people with disabilities; it is the person we should focus on and not the disability itself....   [tags: Christianity, The Golden Rule, Disabilities]
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Functionalist and Marxist Approaches to Education and Economy - Functionalist and Marxist Approaches to Education and Economy Functionalist and Marxist perspectives differ considerably in the way they view the relationship between education and the economy. Both perspectives agree that the educational system provides society with certain functions, but they disagree about the purpose of these functions and more importantly who benefits from them. Functionalists see the educational system as providing a positive educational experience, which benefits the children and society....   [tags: Education Economics Papers]
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The Role of Religion in Society - The Role of Religion in Society The role of religion in society is definately a dynamic one. The relationship between both religion and society is always changing. Religion effects different societies in different ways and different forms, causing the forms of society to change according to a change in religion. Religion can be a driving force in society, but as a reactionary rather than in a radical way. Functionalism Functionalists believe that religion maintains social solidarity and value consensus amongst a society's population and this helps maintain the well-being of society....   [tags: Papers] 1009 words
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Minority Groups in Liberal Democracies - Is anyone special. This all-encompassing question strikes at the heart of whether certain minority groups should be awarded their own specific rights. The answer to this question considers the important liberal principles of equality and freedom (Kymlicka 345). At its simplest form, there could be equal rights for all, or rights that make everyone equal. To answer this question, I will show that the idea of nation-building has been permitted to deviate from benign neglect for the instrumental purpose of bringing about some goals of a liberal democratic state: solidarity, trust, and deliberative democracy, and that in doing so, it harms another liberal democratic goal: equality of opportunity...   [tags: Discrimination ]
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Social Theory and Karl Marx - Karl Marx introduces theory materialistic in society. Karl Marx makes this theory aid to form equality between societies and have a better life of society. In Karl Marx era, his founds that huge gap in society between bourgeois and workers. Bourgeois enjoy the fruit of labour while workers contribute labour. Bourgeois introduce material forces of production based on Marx terminology that include capital, land and labour, whereas social relations of production refers to the division of labour and implied class relationship....   [tags: bourgeois, workers, society, economic] 1001 words
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European Union Common Immigration Policy - ... THE BLUE CARD An Overview "Labour migration into Europe boosts our competitiveness and therefore our economic growth. It also helps tackle demographic problems resulting from our aging population." José Manuel Barroso A purpose of the Blue Card initiative is summed up in this sentence. It aims to increase greater mobility between EU countries, which is still rather low, only 5% of working age population come from non EU countries (as it is seen on Chart 1, Figure 6 by OECD, 2012). As EU justice commissioner Frattini underlined that “85% of global unskilled labor goes to the E.U....   [tags: economic, political, borders] 1868 words
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A Design of Democratization Model for a Post-al-Asad Regime in Syria - This research paper seeks to design a democratization model for a Post-al-Asad regime in Syria. At the same time as the uprising goes on in Syria there is discussion of a possible transition into a real democracy. The conflicts have not yet ended in Syria and there are possibilities that the revolts will succeed and Syria will be facing massive challenges for a transition that might be either democratic or not democratic. It is an essential time for Syria to design a good model of democracy to be able to have a peaceful and democratic Syria and to be able to bring stability, harmony, and solidarity without any vicious sectarian conflict among numerous groups....   [tags: transition, revolts, regime] 542 words
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Religious Conviction in Emile Durkheim´s Elementary Forms Of The Religion Life - Emile Durkheim As An Idealist In "Elementary Forms Of The Religion Life" Durkheim's most important rationale in The Elementary Forms was to explain and clarify the generally primordial religious conviction identified by man. However, his focus as a consequence irk a number of outside connection for historians as his fundamental rationale went distinctly ahead of the modernization of an old culture for its own accord; quite the opposite, Durkheim's interest in The Division of Labor and Suicide, was eventually both contemporary as well as workable as he asserts that if prehistoric religion were taken as the topics of investigations, then it is for the reason that it apparently appears “to us b...   [tags: Social Phenomena, Suicide, Conduct]
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Reasons for Code Switching by Teachers - Discussion According to Hudson (1998), code switching is used by teachers as a result of their poor proficiency in the foreign language. The same author adds that teachers use this linguistic technique (code switching) in order to help their students achieve a desired understanding. The results in table 5 complement the author’s findings since the frequency of respondents who agreed to using code switching because of the convenience in explanation was forty percent. This could also imply that multilingual speakers apply code switching when communicating cultural concepts that can only be understood in their native languages....   [tags: language, understanding, communication] 518 words
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The Iron Cage and Max Weber - Max Weber introduced the sociological concept of the iron cage; this concept signifies the increased rationalization in the social life especially in Western capitalist societies. The ‘iron cage’ is this idea of an individual feeling trapped, controlled, and dehumanized by the systems that control us (Lecture Notes). The iron cage is the set of rules and laws that all were subjected and must adhere to. Bureaucracy puts us in an iron cage, which limits individual human freedom and potential, instead of setting us free....   [tags: sociological concept, capitalist societies] 582 words
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The Structural Theory of Functionalism - In social science, Functionalism is the theory that put pressure on the dependence of the patterns and institutions of our society and her interaction by preserving her cultural and society unity. In Sociology, functionalism came from the sociologist EMILE DURKHEIM, who viewed our society as a sort of “ORGANISM” that brings with it certain “needs” that must be complete. The American sociologist Talcott Parsons analysed very extensive societies with regards to their social order, integration and stability....   [tags: Functionalism] 643 words
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