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Art and Republicanism - Art and Republicanism ABSTRACT: Republicanism is contrasted with liberalism with special reference to the notions of presence, absence and representation. The contrast is more conspicuous in the Platonic tradition of republicanism than it is in the Aristotelian tradition, the former being more likely to degenerate into some form of totalitarianism. Examples thereof are given in accordance with the distinction between a strong and a soft iconoclasm, as it is found both in Antiquity and in Eastern and Western Europe’s quest for absolute presence or—as in avantgarde art of modernity—for absolute self-presence of the work of art....   [tags: Government Republican Essays] 3136 words
(9 pages)
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JEFFERSONIAN REPUBLICANISM - JEFFERSONIAN REPUBLICANISM After the extreme partisanship of 1800, it was expected by supporters and foes alike that the presidential administration of Thomas Jefferson would pioneer substantial and even radical changes. The federal government was now in the hands of a relentless man and a persistent party that planned to diminish its size and influence. But although he overturned the principal Federalist domestic and foreign policies, Thomas Jefferson generally pursued the course as a chief executive, quoting his inaugural address “We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists.” With true republicans warming most of the seats of power throughout the branches, except in the Judiciary, he saw the tools of government as less of a potential instrument of oppression and more of a means to achieve republican goals....   [tags: essays papers]
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2053 words
(5.9 pages)
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Influenced by Republicanism, but not a True Republican - Influenced by Republicanism, but not a True Republican The philosophy of a republican form of government was certainly not a creation of James Madison and the Federalists. The idea of such a government has been around since the beginning of political philosophy. While the definition has changed over the centuries, certain constants continue to define a strictly republican regime. The goals and priorities of a republic are distinct yet dissimilar from those of James Madison’s philosophy. Generally, a republican government is defined as one which idealizes the public interests as the highest good and imposes a duty on each citizen to work toward the public interests before individual ones....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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2157 words
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Republicanism and Direct Democracy - Republicanism and direct democracy, these are two ways that a people can be governed. There is a major difference between these two systems. In a republican system the government represents the people. The representatives are chosen by popular vote and are given the power to make decisions on behalf of the people. The people do not get to voice their own opinions, the best they can do is vote for their representative and hope he wins. This can also be referred to as indirect democracy. Direct democracy which was exemplified in the ancient Athenian city-state, or the New England town meeting in modern times, is a government based solely on the people....   [tags: Politics] 895 words
(2.6 pages)
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Being American: Liberty, Equality and Republicanism - ... Another inequality in America is racial inequality. For instance, Arizona passed the SB 1020 bill. Nicholas Riccardi stated, “The bill directs police to determine the immigration status of non-criminals if there is a 'reasonable suspicion' they are undocumented. Immigrant rights groups say it amounts to a police state” (n.p). Therefore, the abstract idea of equality in America is not one that is truly fulfilled. Equality for me is more accurately defined as a fairytale, were we as Americans only dream about it, yet never fully turn it into a realization....   [tags: Culture ]
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881 words
(2.5 pages)
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Philosophical And Historical Foundations Of American Politics - The Founding Father’s views on government were influenced by both the classical republican and the natural rights philosophers. The two groups of philosophers held very different views on how a government should run. The classical republicans believed that the individual should sacrifice his or her personal freedoms in order to gain the greater good. The natural rights philosophers, on the other hand, held that a person’s individual freedoms out to be preserved at all costs. The two greatest examples of historical precedent in republican government were the ancient Greek and Roman civilizations, which both gave the people a great deal of power in the government by allowing them a voice....   [tags: essays research papers] 585 words
(1.7 pages)
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Chants Democratic - ... 31 & 57) The social change of employment within the American artisan guild rendered lower wages in the dawn of the economic changes seen during the nineteenth century. (pp. 5) The many small arguments in Chants Democratic acknowledged that along with the changing economy, the fall of Stollenwerck’s theory of craft structure, and each vocations’ interests gave rise to the first unionism of trades in 1794. The foregoing events severed most significant ties between masters and journeymen. (pp. 4 & 56) Wilentz identified that the only connection left between the two artisanal occupations laid in their ideological aspects of republicanism....   [tags: Literary Analysis]
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1198 words
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Gordon Wood’s Radicalism of the American Revolution - Gordon Wood’s Radicalism of the American Revolution Gordon Wood’s Radicalism of the American Revolution is a book that extensively covers the origin and ideas preceding the American Revolution. Wood’s account of the Revolution goes beyond the history and timeline of the war and offers a new encompassing look inside the social ideology and economic forces of the war. Wood explains in his book that America went through a two-stage progression to break away from the Monarchical rule of the English....   [tags: American History War] 1486 words
(4.2 pages)
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The Impact of the American Revolution - ... Revolutionaries like Thomas Payne argued that colonies should break free from England. Payne argued that it was unnatural for an island to control an entire continent and compared to the Earth orbiting the Moon. Revolutionaries like this helped push the colonies to fight back and gain their independence. The newly freed colonies drafted the Articles of Confederation based on the political philosophy of republicanism. This was the idea that a government should be controlled by the people and not a monarchy or aristocracy with inherited powers....   [tags: U.S. History] 1185 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Political Climate of the 1950s - The Political Climate of the 1950s With the dropping of the Atomic bomb that ended WWII and the beginning of the Cold War, there was an irony of stability and turmoil in the United States. The start of the 1950s brought about many changes, from the Red Scare and threat of the possible spread of communism in America, to changes in political movements, civil rights movements, and another possible war, there were many significant events and people during this time.      Joseph R. McCarthy was a Republican Senator from Wisconsin with an enormous political agenda....   [tags: History Historical Politics USA Essays]
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1776 words
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The New Science of Politics - The New Science of Politics When discussing the new science of politics laid out in the Federalist papers, it is imperative to understand that proponents of the Constitution had various reasons for writing these papers, not the least of which was convincing critics that a strong central government that would not oppress but actually protect individual freedoms as well as encouraging the state of New York to agree to ratify the Constitution. The Federalists had a genuine belief that a strong central government was essential to the protection of what they saw as God given rights and freedoms, as well as protection from abuse from the states concerning these freedoms....   [tags: Papers] 813 words
(2.3 pages)
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Practicing Decentered Radical Democratic Citizenship in a Decentered State - ... Mouffe (1993) writes, “We do need to re-establish the lost connection between ethics and politics, but this cannot be done by sacrificing the gains of the democratic revolution” (230). She upholds the set of political principles important to liberalism, “the principles of freedom and equality for all,” while arguing that “we should not accept a false dichotomy between individual liberty and rights on one side and civic activity and political community on the other” (Mouffe 1993, 230-231). What we are left with is a new conception of the citizen, a type of political identity that moves beyond mere legal status but does not place the public good over the individual good in an absolute sense....   [tags: Sociology ]
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958 words
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The Transformation of the American Colonies - ... The newly freed colonies drafted the Articles of Confederation based on the political philosophy of republicanism. This was the idea that a government should be controlled by the people and not a monarchy or aristocracy with inherited powers. A large government would lead to tyranny but a weak one would lead to anarchy. The only way republicanism would work is if the people were willing to put the public interest above their own self interest. Even though history has shown a true republic to fail and was only successful on a small scale, Americans viewed themselves as special....   [tags: American History ] 1701 words
(4.9 pages)
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Thomas Jefferson: Pragmatics over Doctrine - Thomas Jefferson: Pragmatics over Doctrine During the period 1800-1817, the Jeffersonians to a great extent compromised their political principles and essentially “out Federalized the Federalists”. While traditional Jeffersonian Republicanism advocated a strict interpretation of the Constitution and an emphasis on an agrarian economic system, the actual policies of Presidents Thomas Jefferson and James Madison were markedly different from their theoretical principles. This obvious compromise of Jeffersonian principles is evident in the Federal government’s assumption of broad-based political powers and institution of capitalistic Hamiltonian economic reforms, both of which stemmed from Jefferson and Madison’s adoption of broad constructionist policies....   [tags: Cheathouse Essays] 624 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Greatest Founding Father - Thomas Jefferson - The American Revolution, perhaps the most momentous war-related milestone in American history, would not have been possible without the strenuous efforts of the courageous men we call Patriots or otherwise known as the Founding Fathers of America, who gave their all in the fight for freedom against the British. Many names of great men come to mind when we think “founding fathers,” such as Benjamin Franklin, George Washington, or Samuel Adams. Yet there is still one great patriot and founding father who seems to stand out above the rest, and that man is Thomas Jefferson....   [tags: Biography] 649 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Government During the Age of Absolutism and the Enlightenment - During the Age of Absolutism, views of how government should have been run were drastically different that the views of Enlightenment thinkers. The fundamental difference between these two views of government – absolutism and Enlightenment – was that, in an absolute view of government, it stated that it should be run by a monarch – such as a king or a queen – and that he or she should have complete and unquestionable authority over everything, whereas the Enlightenment resulted in the development of new ideas, many of which criticized absolute monarchies, such as the idea that the fundamental function of government was to protect it's people's rights....   [tags: Age of Absolutism, government, ] 732 words
(2.1 pages)
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Lincoln, Labor and Liberation - Lincoln, Labor and Liberation The free labor ideology of the nineteenth century was grounded in the beliefs that Northern free labor was superior to Southern slave labor. The key factor that made this system unique was “the opportunity it offers wage earners to rise to property-owning independence.” [1] It was this free labor ideology and not the republicanism of the Revolutionary War era that caused slavery to be problematic by the time of the Civil War. This ideology was comprehensive—it had economic, social, moral, and political aspects....   [tags: United States History Labor Work Essays]
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2734 words
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Audrey Hofstadter Summary: The Founding Fathers: The Age of Realism - Audrey Hofstadter Summary: The Founding Fathers: The Age of Realism Summary of Section: I The reasoning behind the Constitution of the United States is presented as 'based upon the philosophy of Hobbes and the religion of Calvin. It assumes the natural state of mankind in a state of war, and that the carnal mind is at enmity with God.' Throughout, the struggle between democracy and tyranny is discussed as the Founding Fathers who envisioned the Constitution in Philadelphia in 1787 believed not in total democracy, but instead saw common man as selfish and contemptuous, and therefore in need of a 'a good political constitution to control him.' Being a largely propertied body, with the exception of William Few, who was the only one who could honestly be said to represent the majority yeoman farmer class, the highly privileged classes were fearful of granting man his due rights, as the belief that 'man was an unregenerate rebel who has to be controlled' reverberated....   [tags: Founding Fathers History Summary Essays Papers]
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1577 words
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Cuases of the American Revolution - The colonists of America slowly came to realize that they must break from Britain due to the growing feeling of being considered lower than the British. They realized they had no say in government, and under the rule of the british, they would never be able to prosper. The conditions of their rights slowly disintegrated, as the construction of parliament becomes more and more powerful and intolerable. The language used to protest british, throughout the time, leading up to the revolutionary war, were legal, and political, but the primary cause would have been economics....   [tags: essays research papers] 1537 words
(4.4 pages)
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The Third French Republic - In the years from 1871 to 1914, France saw many social changes, economic and cultural, under the new government of the Third Republic. France experienced the modernization of its rural areas, the centralization of the state, and the emergence of a mass media culture. Furthermore, internationally France was heavily involved in the European race to imperialize in Africa and Asia. political participation in the international arena, which at the time was heavily involved in the race for imperial expansion in Africa and Asia....   [tags: European History] 601 words
(1.7 pages)
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A Rising in Dublin in 1916 - A Rising in Dublin in 1916 In 1916 on Easter Monday there was a rising against the British. The rising was a bid for independence from Britain and was led by a secret republican organisation known as the Irish Republican Brotherhood. The rising failed in the short term but the long-term effects led to the establishment of an Irish Republic. In this essay I will discuss the long and short term causes of the rising including the revival of the Irish culture and the growth of republicanism among the general public....   [tags: Papers] 932 words
(2.7 pages)
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Emancipation Proclamation - Emancipation Proclamation In Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men, by Eric Foner, a new political party of the period of the mid-1800's is examined. This was a party that had the partnership of the President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln. It was not only his beliefs but the beliefs of this political party, the republican party, that helped build tension into what would become the Civil War. It was founded as a pro-active party, a party of doers, not sayers. They wanted people to act on behalf of their beliefs and make a change in the world....   [tags: Papers] 618 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Degree of Success of Reza Shah Pahlavi after the 1925 Coup - The Degree of Success of Reza Shah Pahlavi after the 1925 Coup “A passionate but ruthless nationalist with little formal education, Reza Khan had a clear vision for Iran’s transition to modernity often using Ataturk’s Turkey as a model.” - Milani, Mohsen M. The Making of Iran’s Islamic Revolution. Iran entered the interwar period in a troubled state. Iran’s economy was devastated and its current ruler Ahmad Shah seemed to have little authority over his country as it was in effect governed by the ruling powers Britain and Russia....   [tags: Papers] 1555 words
(4.4 pages)
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Jefferson And Madison And Federalism - John Adams was the last Federalist president which led to the next 16 years of Thomas Jefferson as president for two terms and James Madison as president for two terms. Jefferson and Madison were members of the Republican Party, which had principles and philosophies that were very different than the views of the Federalists. Jefferson and Madison each abandoned the Republican philosophies for Federalism. Jefferson and Madison took on Federalist views while being President of the United States. However, Jefferson and Madison each picked somewhere to stand their ground and keep some of their Republican views....   [tags: Political Science] 916 words
(2.6 pages)
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Jeffersonian Republicans - JEFFERSONIAN DEMOCRACY Looking back on the election of 1800, Thomas Jefferson described it as being "as real a revolution in the principles of our government as that of 1776 was in its form; not effected indeed by the sword, as that, but by the rational and peaceable instrument of reform, the suffrage of the people." Jefferson saw his election as reversing an earlier trend away from republicanism. The departure from true republican principles, as he judged it, had begun with the economic policies of Alexander Hamilton favoring financial and manufacturing interests and the strengthening of the national government at the expense of the states....   [tags: Political Science] 1079 words
(3.1 pages)
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The American Revolution - The American Revolution The American Revolution in my opinion was characterized by a series of social as well as political shifts that occurred in American society as new republican principles took hold in the gentry of the colonies. That time era distinguished the sharp political debates between radicals and moderates over the role that democracy should play in a government. This broad new American shift to republicanism and a newfound support of democracy was a catastrophe to the traditional social hierarchy, which characterized an old mixed government in the Americas....   [tags: American History] 986 words
(2.8 pages)
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Montesquieu's Greatest Mark on Philosophy - ... By contrast, Montesquieu does not make his distaste for the republican system nearly as overt. In his discussion of the history of republics, the character Rhedi writes of the ancient Greek republics, “Love of freedom and hatred of kings preserved Greek independence for a long time, and extended republican government to distant parts” (Persian Letters 233), which suggests Montesquieu, through Rhedi, feels the system has some merit insofar as it allowed the Greeks to thrive. Even in the context of acknowledging the good the republican system has done its adopters, however, Rhedi cautions that the system has perils....   [tags: Philosophy]
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1525 words
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The Impact of Philosophy on Government - ... We can also appreciate in his book the early modern republicanism. He can be given the credit for giving a rebirth to the Ancient Roman Republic. His ideas of Republicanism, especially the ones related to civil virtue are one of the most predominant in today’s political scene and have contributed tremendously to the foundation of American political values. Thomas Hobbes is one of the most influential political philosophers of all times, he wrote a book named The Leviathan, in which he explained the nature, and the goal of the government and why it was important to have what he called a “cement” between the people and their acceptance of a central government for their mutual advantage....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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1420 words
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Electoral College: Tyranny of the Majority - ... When a citizen casts their vote at a local voting booth, they are not voting directly for the President, but are voting for a state elector who has “pledged” to vote for the candidate. There are currently 538 electors, and a vote of 270, the majority, is required to win the Presidency (Longley). Because congressional representation is based on population of the state, the larger states receive more votes for the President. The candidate to receive the most popular votes in each state will win all of that state’s electoral votes, creating an “all or nothing system”....   [tags: Politics]
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1794 words
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Women's Studies - ... Republicanism was to emerge later (Glenn 7). Liberalism, as a political thought, entails the plurality of actors in the international political arena. These include ‘the State’, ‘Individuals’ and ‘supranational institutions.’ It is of the view that state interactions are not limited to the “Higher politics” – covering all matters vital to the survival of the state i.e. national and international security; but also to the “Lower politics” – pertaining to economics, culture, religion and other social issues....   [tags: Analysis, Evelyn Nakano Glenn] 1440 words
(4.1 pages)
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The Conservative Movement - ... Eisenhower also made endeavors to eliminate conflict among racial and economic groups, and promoted prosperity, peace, and social harmony (Story and Laurie 4). Conservatism in the 1950s was also promoted by writers. One of the writers who strongly opposed liberalism was Russell Kirk. Russell’s conservatism was influenced by the fact that he viewed both traditional and modern liberalism as acts that are of great significance as regards economic matters. According to him, liberalism did not take care of spiritual aspects of man....   [tags: U.S. Politics ]
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1550 words
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Art History - ... Thus, England began an intellectual movement called the Age of Enlightenment. Intellectuals became skeptical of older belief systems rooted in rituals, traditions, and superstitions and, instead, began to believe in the power of humans for goodness and rationalization and, that through rationalization, all things could be achieved. With this reason, it was believed that all humans were equal and deserved liberty and equal treatment within the law. The previously held notions of feudalism, aristocracy, and religious privileges began to change, and, in England, these sentiments soon found root....   [tags: Art ] 502 words
(1.4 pages)
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French Revolution - Motives of Committee of Public Safety - French Revolution - Motives of Committee of Public Safety Essay Topic: Discuss the motives of the Committee of Public Safety and the role they played in the running of France (up to 27 July 1794) "Anarchy within, invasion without. A country cracking from outside pressure, disintegrating from internal strain. Revolution at its height" This was the country the Committee of Public Safety ("The committee"), inherited and it was announced their mission by the Convention, to "create a viable (republican) state amid political turmoil" , by means of intimidation and ultimately terror, indeed the proclamation of "terror as the order of the day" so as to establish a peaceful, stable government for the introduction of the constitution....   [tags: European Europe History] 716 words
(2 pages)
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Federalists VS Jeffersoneans - Federalists VS Jeffersoneans With respect to the federal Constitution, the Jeffersonian Republicans are usually characterized as strict constructionists who were opposed to the broad constructionism of the Federalists. As history dictates, this is found to be substantially accurate. Federalists were firm believers in the production of a strong central government and a broad interpretation of the Constitution. However, the Democratic Republicans believed that the government should follow a strict interpretation of the Constitution and held the idea that this would allow honest representation of the people and prevent government corruption....   [tags: essays papers]
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707 words
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Articles Of Confederation - Articles of Confederation Analyze the degree to which the Articles provided an effective form of government with respect to any two of the following: Foreign Relations, Economic Conditions, or Western Lands In 1777, the states enacted the Articles of Confederation to preserve democracy and prevent tyranny from those who sought to centralize power. But in their efforts to keep their independence, the states created a weak central government that was unable to improve an insolvent economy and poor foreign relations....   [tags: essays research papers] 564 words
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Death of a Salesman - Samuel Adams was born on September 27, 1722, Boston, Massachusetts Samuel Adams was a son to a merchant who sold things in Boston. When he graduated from Harvard College in 1740, his ideas about a useful career were not many : he did not want to become a brewer, fate (or ill luck) forced Adams into the brewery; he operated his father's malt house for a livelihood but not as a dedicated businessman, and the idea of working a Church didn’t interest Samuel Adams much either. Adams was not a good merchant like his father and didn’t like the idea of becoming one....   [tags: essays research papers] 620 words
(1.8 pages)
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european renaissance - History has shown us how civilizations evolve over time. Broadly interpreted, the age of Diocletian marked a decisive stage in the transition from the classical, the Greco-Roman, civilization of the ancient Roman Empire to the Christian-Germanic civilization of the early Middle Ages. Similarly interpreted, "the age of the Renaissance marked the transition from the civilization of the Middle Ages to the modern world"(Ferguson 1). Therefore, the Renaissance is the beginning of the modern world and modern government....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Comparing Beliefs and Vaules of the Renaissance and Middle Ages - Comparing Beliefs and Vaules of the Renaissance and Middle Ages There are many contrasts in the beliefs and values of the Renaissance and the Middle Ages. The Middle Ages was a time of great suffering, including famine and widespread disease. The Renaissance, however, was a revival of art, learning, and literature. Their views of the purpose of life in the present world and man's place in the world was, perhaps, the greatest contrast. However, their views on politics, religion, and education were very different as well....   [tags: Beliefs Renaissance Middle Ages Values Essays] 740 words
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Machiavelli's Reputation in the Modern World - Machiavelli's Reputation in the Modern World Niccolò Machiavelli was known during much his life as a part of the republican government in Florence until 1512. At that time, the Medici family took over the city and ruled under a more monarchical system. From that point until his death in 1527, Machiavelli was always just on the outside of Florentine politics. He would occasionally get work from the Medici but his tasks were never as important as they had been under the republican government of the past....   [tags: Biography Biographies Essays]
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The Life and Political Career of James Madison - The Life and Political Career of James Madison James Madison is most widely known as the father of the Constitution. It is a title “deeply deserved on many accounts” (Wills 37). Although his many achievements at times are overshadowed by his work on the Constitution, Madison’s life reflects a legislative talent (Wills 3). Through his interest in politics, he was able to shape the forming nation. Education, illness, and religion dominated the beginning of James Madison’s life; the experiences enabled Madison to write the Constitution as well as a number of influential essays in response to his views on the incompetent confederacy....   [tags: American America History]
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4340 words
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Eulogy for Friend - Eulogy for Friend I'd like to say a few words of tribute to this special man, from me and on behalf of other close friends of his. When he heard the news of Alan's death, a mutual friend and colleague noted poignantly that Alan was a man that was non-judgmental. Alan accepted people largely for what they were and for who they were. Alan was a man without prejudice. His many friendships crossed the barriers of social position and educational background. And his spirit, his generosity, his warmth also reached through barriers of race and cultural background....   [tags: Eulogies Eulogy] 1316 words
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Constitutional Paideia - Constitutional Paideia Constitutional paideia designates a form of constitutionalism that construes a nation’s constitution essentially in terms of ongoing processes of collective self-formation. This paper explores the notion of constitutional paideia as formulated by Hegel, who explicitly defines constitutionalism with categories of Bildung. The paper’s strategy is to present Hegel’ position in light of questions that can be raised about it. The paper advances three central theses: (1) in spite (and perhaps because) of his historico-culturist approach to law, Hegel is a theoretician of constitutional paideia; (2) despite construing constitutionalism in terms of ongoing processes of popular self-interpretation, Hegel does not vitiate the distinction between law and politics deemed so central to constitutional theory; and (3) despite construing constitutionalism in terms of self-formative processes of a particular culture, Hegel does not jettison the normativity and trans-contextualism long associated with modern constitutional theory....   [tags: Hegel Constitutionalism Papers] 4058 words
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The Politics of Turkish National Identity - The Politics of Turkish National Identity ?Modern Turkish National identity has been shaped by events that have taken place in the region throughout its history. The formation of the national identity can be attributed to two dichotomies of political thought and culture. Some people want to keep in line with Turkey?s modern history as a secular westernized country looking to join the European Union; while others hearken back to the days of the Ottoman Empire and wish to make Turkey a divided Islamic state....   [tags: Political Turkey Essays]
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Imagery and Exceptionalism in New England - Imagery and Exceptionalism in New England Jonas Clarke, the minister of the Congregational church in Lexington, Massachusetts, entertained guests at his home the evening of April 18, 1775. The two guests that Clarke hosted were seeking a safe haven from British authorities. His guests, Samuel Adams and John Hancock, discussed strategy with Clarke concerning the conflict with Britain as they attempted to keep their location secret from the British. Supposedly, Great Britain planned to capture these two radicals in hopes of terminating the colonial resistance....   [tags: American History Essays]
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Franklin and Theodore Roosevelt - Franklin and Theodore Roosevelt Throughout the ages there have been many great leaders. These leaders are powerful in many ways, with a strong control over the people, and a place in history. But who would have guessed that two cousins would be some of the greatest government figures ever. Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Theodore Roosevelt, both American presidents, both American Heroes. Without these dignitaries, the American advancement into the present day would be incomplete and/or impossible....   [tags: American History Presidents Essays] 1895 words
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Ronald Takaki's Iron Cages: Race and Culture in 19th-Century America - Ronald Takaki's Iron Cages: Race and Culture in 19th-Century America After America declared its independence from British rule, the founding fathers faced a conundrum: How to build and maintain a successful republican government that was ultimately dependent upon the passions and character of its people. Their solution was to propose the construction of what historians have called "iron cages," which were ideological devices intended to deter the corruption and folly that might consume a free people, and instead promoterational and virtuous American citizens....   [tags: Iron Cages Ronald Takaki Essays]
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Marvell and the Phallic Republic - Marvell and the Phallic Republic To term those events which took place in the ‘open street’ before Whitehall on 31 January 1649 an ‘emasculation’ of the body politic is to sacrifice anatomical accuracy in favour of a beguiling metaphor. Charles I (let us be clear) lost his head, but nothing more (or less). And yet, Marvell’s "An Horation Ode Upon Cromwell's Return from Ireland" (1681) seems to suggest an amalgam of emotional responses to the execution that takes us beyond mere historical narrative, into an undefined realm of psychosexual politics....   [tags: Marvell Phallic Republic Essays]
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Augustus - Tacitus lived under the reign of Domitian, twenty years after Nero. His family originated from southern Gaul. After becomng a barrister he was promoted to the position of provincial governor in 112-113AD in Asia. Under the reign of Domitian, Tacitus was incredibly lucky that he managed to survive, unlike many of his colleagues. Domitian disposed of rivals and opposition, thus making him a very paranoid man. The killings of these men started Tacitus' anti-emperor feelings. Domitian's reign was modelled on Tiberius' who Tacitus also heavily criticised....   [tags: essays research papers] 1746 words
(5 pages)
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Benito Mussolini - Benito Mussolini was born on July 29, 1883 in Predappio. The son of a blacksmith he was largely self-educated. He became a schoolteacher and a socialist journalist in northern Italy. In 1910 he married Rachele Guidi who bore his five children. Mussolini was jailed in 1911 for his opposition to Italy’s war in Libya. Soon after his release in 1912 he became editor of the socialist newspaper in Milan, "Avanti!". When WWI began in 1914 Mussolini advocated Italy’s entrance into the war on the allied side and was expelled from the socialist party....   [tags: essays research papers] 914 words
(2.6 pages)
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Caturbury Tales - The definition of a tragic hero is perceived as on who is neither wicked nor purely innocent, one who “is brave and noble but guilty of the tragic flaw of assuming that honorable ends justify dishonorable means”. In The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, Brutus takes the role of the tragic hero. Brutus’s honor, nobility, and self-righteousness makes him “a tragic figure, if not the hero” (Catherine C. Dominic). As the play opens, Brutus is known as a Roman nobleman and a member of one of the most illustrious families in Rome....   [tags: essays research papers] 1445 words
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China In The 20th Century - Overview China in the 20th century has been going through enormous changes. From colonialism and imperialism to republicanism, from communism to capitalism, and from underdevelopment to a country maintaining over 10% economic growth for over ten years. In this research paper, I will focus on the transition of China from a Communist command economy to a type of market economy as well as the economic fluctuations throughout this period. In 1949 Oct 1, the People’s Republic of China was established....   [tags: essays research papers] 2963 words
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Congress of Vienna (1815) - Congress of Vienna (1815) In September 1814 – June 1815, the leaders who vanquished Napoleon, European representatives, and those who believe they were in “high circles” gathered together to redraw territorial boundaries and fashion a lasting peace at the end of the Napoleonic wars after the downfall of Napoleon.  Dominated by four major victors – Great Britain, Prussia, Russia, and Austria set peace term with France in April.  signing a crucial document  legitimacy (territories should once more be placed under the control of the old ruling houses of the traditional order), and stability (balance power in Europe)  light penalty for France and restore it to 1789 boundaries and required France to pay....   [tags: essays research papers] 730 words
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Jefferson and Hamilton - The post-revolutionary war period of the Unites States saw the establishment of the first party system and an enlarging gap in viewpoints between the wealthy and the common man. The contradictory views of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson were primarily responsible for the rise of political parties from 1783-1800. Alexander Hamilton exerted the most influence in the new Federalist Party. He believed that only an enlightened ruling class could produce a stable and effective federal government....   [tags: essays research papers] 978 words
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Political Liberalism - Political Liberalism Norman Davies describes liberalism as "being developed along two parallel tracks, the political and the economic. Political liberalism focused on the essential concept of government by consent. In its most thoroughgoing form it embraced republicanism, though most liberals favored a popular, limited, and fair-minded monarch as a factor encouraging stability." (A History of Europe, p.802) At the core of liberalism was the idea of freedom of thought and expression. People were now not only able to think for themselves, but also express those same thoughts....   [tags: Politics Political Science Liberal Essays] 1117 words
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NAPOLEON - Napoleon 1 NAPOLEON “RABULIONE” Napoleon 2 Abstract Napoleon Bonaparte was and still is one of France’s most revered heroes. Though born a Corsican in 1769, he journeyed to France for schooling at the age of nine. After an interesting and quiet childhood Napoleon joined the French artillery at the age of sixteen. Through hard work, bravery, political connections and being born during a turbulent time, Napoleon rose to the rank of General. In 1799 he was elected France’s First Consul For Life, later he proclaimed himself France’s Emperor....   [tags: essays research papers] 1203 words
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Seneca Falls - Title: The road from SENECA FALLS. (cover story) Source: New Republic, 08/10/98, Vol. 219 Issue 6, p26, 12p, 3bw Author(s): Stansell, Christine Abstract: Reviews several books related to women’s suffrage and feminism. ‘The Selected Papers of Elizabeth Cady STANTON and Susan B. Anthony, Volume One: In the School of Anti-Slavery, 1840-1866,’ edited by Ann D. Gordon; ‘Harriet STANTON Blatch and the Winning of Woman Suffrage,’ by Ellen Carol DuBois; ‘Woman Suffrage and the Origins of Liberal Feminism in the United States, 1820-1920,’ by Suzanne M....   [tags: essays research papers] 9829 words
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Motivations and Causes of Terrorism - Motivations and Causes of Terrorism Despite the end of the Cold War and the faltering beginnings of a peace process in the Middle East, terrorism still remains a serious threat in many countries, not surprisingly, given that the underlying causes of the bitter ethnic and religious struggles which spawn terrorism pre-dated the Cold War, and most of these conflicts remain unresolved. While the former Soviet Union sponsored terrorism on an opportunistic basis, the idea that all international terrorism was concerted by the KGB during the Cold War is clearly an over-simplification....   [tags: Terrorist 9/11 September 11 Terror Essays] 3283 words
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The Electoral College: Rationale and Process - The Electoral College: Rationale and Process The Founding Fathers wanted to distinguish the newly formed United States from a pure democracy. The Framers defined democracy as government decisions made directly by the people. They decided to use a republic form of government because it promised wiser government. This type of government would allow decisions to be made by representatives elected by people. The one issue styled under this republican representation was the process on how to choose a president....   [tags: History Government Politics US Essays] 2357 words
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Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto - Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto Faith and Reason Communism can seem very desirable. “It argued a world without war, in which the meek and the disadvantaged would share without distinction, the anticipated material and spiritual abundance generated by advanced.”(Gregor 19) This seems as though it would be the ideal form of government but in reality it is far from that. I will tell you about three of the most powerful communist countries of the twentieth century. The countries that I am talking about are the Soviet Union, or Russia as it is called today, the Peoples Republic of China, and Cuba....   [tags: Karl Marx Communist Manifesto Essays]
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The Evolution of American Self - The American Self is the common character and values of American people which evolved depending on governmental philosophy, religious belief, and economical aspiration from beginning of its formation to the present. Any of the change in the above factors would contribute to the evolution of the American Self. Over time, the American Self changed from communalism, whole hearted religious faith, and interest in material goods to individualism, self interests, and greed. The American Self depended on the governmental philosophy held by its early colonial leaders, the Founding Fathers, and the later elites who governed the nation....   [tags: American History] 886 words
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We Need Both Circles and Lines - We need both Circles and Lines In "Circles and Lines: the shape of life in early America", historian John Demos has compiled a collection of three lectures which are part of the William E. Massey Sr. Lectures located in the History of American Civilization series at Harvard University. In the lectures, which Demos has transcribed into three chapters, Demos observed closely the " shape of life " across three centuries 17th, 18th and 19th. Distinctly, Demos traces change from a traditional understanding of time and space through a time of transition and onward toward a more modern interpretation....   [tags: American History] 655 words
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The History of Conflict in Ireland - The History of Conflict in Ireland An American audience may find it difficult to comprehend the sense of history which is in the Irish conflict. It goes back to the 1920s when the island was partitioned, and Catholics in Northern Ireland believed that they were on the wrong side of that border, and believed that they had been done out of their political heritage. But Protestants have a sense of history which goes back to at least the seventeenth century, where from the time of the plantation of Ulster at the beginning of the 1600s, they have had to look to their own resources to ensure that they remained in control in the north of Ireland because they'd lost control in the rest of Ireland....   [tags: Papers] 14783 words
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The Inefficiency of the U.S. Constitution - The Inefficiency of the Constitution The United States' Constitution is one the most heralded documents in our nation's history. It is also the most copied Constitution in the world. Many nations have taken the ideals and values from our Constitution and instilled them in their own. It is amazing to think that after 200 years, it still holds relevance to our nation's politics and procedures. However, regardless of how important this document is to our government, the operation remains time consuming and ineffective....   [tags: Government Papers]
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The Importance of the Economic Factors in the Rise to Power of the Fascist Party in Italy - The Importance of the Economic Factors in the Rise to Power of the Fascist Party in Italy Fascism came on the heels of a war that economically and physically crippled Italy. In an attempt to regain control, Italian general and dictator, Benito Mussolini created a political party that rivalled the Socialist party. Fascism was an extremely harsh dictatorship type of power that left many people a victim of its cruelty. This essay will explore whether the rise of fascism was due to the economic breakdown in the country at that time, or was that fascism was simply so popular at that time that nothing would have stopped it....   [tags: Papers] 1403 words
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Speech on Women in Society - Speech on Women in Society Good Evening Ladies and Gentlemen, First of all I would like to start off with a joke, from the point of view of a man, about driving. “Driving to the office this morning on the motorway, I looked over to my left and there was a woman in a brand new Jaguar doing 90mph with her face up next to her rear-view mirror putting on her eyeliner....   [tags: Papers] 2362 words
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