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Pat Barker's Regeneration - Pat Barker's Regeneration In her novel Regeneration, Pat Barker uses character development to emphasize the various themes in the novel. Pat Barker includes Robert Graves, a well known poet and writer, as a secondary character in a fictional setting. We are first introduced to Robert Graves on page five, where he meets with a very good friend Siegfried Sassoon in the lounge of the Exchange Hotel. During their conversation, they express, through their actions and language, a deep love for one another....   [tags: Pat Barker Regeneration Essays]
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1612 words
(4.6 pages)
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Pat Barker's Regeneration - Pat Barker's Regeneration In Pat Barker's novel Regeneration, there is little doubt that the cult of Oscar Wilde had taken hold already in the first decades of the twentieth century. In Oscar Wilde's Last Stand, Philip Hoarer informs us that by associating with Robert Ross, Wilfred Owen "was allying himself with the cult of Oscar Wilde: hero, mentor and martyr to an entire culture" (Hoarer 15). In some manner, the unraveling of this statement is what makes the references to Wilde so important in Barker's novel....   [tags: Pat Barker Regeneration Essays]
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1759 words
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Pat Barker's Regeneration - Pat Barker's Regeneration Pat Barker's Regeneration focuses on the troubled soldiers' mental status during World War One. Barker introduces the feelings soldiers had about the war and military's involvement with the war effort. While Regeneration mainly looks at the male perspective, Barker includes a small but important female presence. While Second Lieutenant Billy Prior breaks away from Craiglockhart War Hospital for an evening, he finds women at a cafe in the Edinburgh district (Barker 86)....   [tags: Pat Barker Regeneration Essays]
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1100 words
(3.1 pages)
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Regeneration by Pat Barker - Regeneration by Pat Barker The war in 'Regeneration' is explored 'back home'. Rather than portraying the war in terms of fighting on the frontline in the battlefields of France, Barker demonstrates the effects on the soldiers 'back home', both physically and mentally. The soldiers are those who have been injured, shell-shocked, or had a breakdown and are being treated with the intention of sending those who are able, back to France or at least resuming some kind of war duties. The war is explored, essentially in terms of the psychological effects of those who fought it....   [tags: Regeneration Pat Barker Essays] 1712 words
(4.9 pages)
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Imagination in Pat Barker's Regeneration - Imagination in Pat Barker's Regeneration It is through the imagination that we have the power to create and destroy. This theme holds true throughout Pat Barker's Regeneration and for the many characters in this novel who experience both the awful and inspired effects of the imagination. Pat Barker draws on many resources to support this claim, including the Book of Genesis, from which she cites the quotation "The imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth," spoken by the character David Burns on page 183 of this novel....   [tags: Pat Barker Regeneration Essays]
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1741 words
(5 pages)
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Pat Barker's Regeneration - Pat Barker's Regeneration As Pat Barker’s ‘Regeneration’ is set in a mental hospital during World War I many aspects of the novel evaluate and discuss the psychological effects that the War has had on the patients. The novel explores the internal struggles of WWI soldiers and their attempts to overcome the trauma of war experiences. In ‘Strange Meeting’ a different approach to the war is addressed with much of the novel being set in the trenches and at the front line. The novel closely examines the relationship between two soldiers Barton and Hilliard and the extent of change caused by the war is a prominent theme throughout, showing clearly the emotional and physical changes the war has caused....   [tags: Pat Barker Regeneration Essays] 2537 words
(7.2 pages)
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Courage in Pat Barker's Regeneration - Courage in Pat Barker's Regeneration During the Vietnam War, many Americans decided to choose conscientious objector status and serve the war effort in non-combative ways; others moved to Canada, leaving their families, their communities, and their nation because of strong political convictions. While some said these people were cowards and a disgrace to their families and their nation, others argued that those had just as much courage as the men on the front lines. Although moving to Canada was far less difficult than being sent to Vietnam, these Draft Dodgers proved they had courage to stand up for what they believed in....   [tags: Pat Barker Regeneration Essays]
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1778 words
(5.1 pages)
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Religion in Pat Barker's Regeneration - Religion in Pat Barker's Regeneration In Pat Barker's novel Regeneration, one of the main characters, Dr. Rivers, is presented with a patient who is not mentally ill at all, but very sane. In trying to "heal" this patient, Rivers begins to have an internal conflict about the job he is doing and the job he should be doing. He is fighting with himself until on page 149, he is in a church where they are singing a very popular hymn, "God Moves in a Mysterious Way." At this point, Rivers is able to begin resolving his conflict....   [tags: Pat Barker Regeneration Essays]
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1756 words
(5 pages)
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Aborted Aspirations in Pat Barker's Regeneration - Aborted Aspirations in Pat Barker's Regeneration Pat Barker's riveting World War I novel Regeneration brilliantly exemplifies the effectiveness of fiction united with historical facts. While men aspired to gain glory from war and become heroes, Regeneration poignantly points out that not all of war was glorious. Rather, young soldiers found their aspirations prematurely aborted due to their bitter war experiences. The horrible mental and physical sicknesses, which plagued a number of soldiers, caused many men to withdraw from the battlefield....   [tags: Pat Barker Regeneration Essays]
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1888 words
(5.4 pages)
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Importance of Shell Shock in Pat Barker's Regeneration - Importance of Shell Shock in Pat Barker's Regeneration Pat Barker's Regeneration contains references to people, places, and cultural elements of particular significance to her themes as well as to the study of the First World War. One cultural reference, that of shell shock, is made early in the novel. On page four, Dr. William Rivers learns that Siegfried Sassoon is being sent to Craiglockhart War Hospital with a case of shell shock. To prevent shell shock from crippling the patients, Craiglockhart emphasizes the value of therapy, a theme in the novel, as a way to fight back against the mental battles....   [tags: Pat Barker Regeneration Essays]
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1191 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Stresses of War Affecting the Characters in Regeneration and Journey's End - The Stresses of War Affecting the Characters in Regeneration and Journey's End 'Regeneration' is a fictional novel written by by Pat Barker. However, some of her characters in the novel like Owen and Sassoon did exist. The play 'Journeys End' is also fictional and all the characters are Sheriffs creation. 'Regeneration' is a serious and moving novel typical of war, as it shows war in a realistic way, whereas 'Journeys End' is full of black humour, in an attempt to make the play less morbid then it actually is....   [tags: War Regeneration Journey's End Essays] 1071 words
(3.1 pages)
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Attitudes Towards the War in Regeneration and All Quiet on the Western Front - Attitudes Towards the War in Regeneration and All Quiet on the Western Front Regeneration is an anti-war novel, reflecting the issues and the concerns in wartime Britain. All Quiet on the Western Front is also an influential anti-war novel and an important chronicle of World War 1. Both are historical fiction set near the end of the war, 1917-1918. The two texts explore similar themes in condemning the war. Remarque’s novel (All Quiet on the Western Front) is a profound statement against war, focusing especially on the ravaging effects of war on the humanity of soldiers....   [tags: Regeneration All Quiet Western Essays] 2490 words
(7.1 pages)
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Nerve Regeneration - ... PFI is a method that is used to assess the footprint changes of a crushed peroneal nerve to that of an uncrushed side in rats, or in this case, mice.(ncbi) Sensory function was also analyzed by electrophysiological parameters at the 7 and 11 day mark post-surgery. The mice were then euthanized and the common peroneal nerve was stimulated via a monopolar aspirating electrode. The researchers then isolated sections of the peripheral nerve in order to evaluate the number of axons, and then immunoflourescence was used to obtain images....   [tags: Medical Research]
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1677 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Regeneration of Limbs in Class Asteroids - ... In adults, regenerating body parts is an immense advantage for a several reasons. One of the biggest reasons is that it is a huge advantage is for the replacement of tissues because of predation. Predation leading to the loss of an arm for starfish and it is frequent enough that collected specimens have two or more arms in the middle of different regrowth stages. The lost body fragments of these starfish can survive for a long time and can undergo either partial or total regeneration causing the formation of completely new adults....   [tags: Marine Biology]
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1469 words
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A Comparison of Birdsong and Regeneration - A Comparison of Birdsong and Regeneration how far do you agree that these writings produced in recent years about WW1 you should consider the genders of writer any themes and symbols which you have come across in wider reading comment specifically on language. Because bird song and regeneration were both written in the 1990s we see that there is a different atmosphere to some of the earlier works from such authors such as D.H....   [tags: Papers] 513 words
(1.5 pages)
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Death and the Regeneration of Life - Death and the Regeneration of Life Death and the Regeneration of Life written by Maurice Bloch and Jonathan Parry focuses on the significance of symbols of fertility and rebirth in funeral rituals. Their book includes many theories that anthropologist have studied with the idea of life and death. The idea of death and the regeneration of life changes with each culture and tradition. Everyone has his or her own opinion of how it shall work. With the help of many contributors to the book, one is able to read the different types of ways some cultures value their own rituals....   [tags: essays research papers] 1996 words
(5.7 pages)
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Regeneration Process of Tissues - Regeneration Process of Tissues When an injury is sustained, the body sets into motion various processes, which are needed to repair the damaged tissue. A Physical Therapist or Athletic Trainer can aid the natural repair processes of tissue by using various therapeutic modalities within an appropriate time shortly after an injury. This paper will discuss the physiological effects of therapeutic modalities and their relation to the regeneration process of tissues. A. The injury process The body's reaction to injury may be divided into two distinct parts....   [tags: Therapeutic Modalities Therapy Papers]
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4493 words
(12.8 pages)
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Contraception and Its Role in Regeneration - "Contraception and Its Role in Regeneration" Contraception is a word commonly used in society today. With hundreds of types, brands, and methods of contraception available, it is hard to imagine a world without it or one in which it was against the law. However, decades ago at the turn of the 20th century, birth control was not easy to get or looked upon as socially acceptable. It was during the First World War that society began to see the emergence of contraception and its acceptance. Readers can also see its emergence in Regeneration on page 128, as Billy Prior propositions his new love interest by stating he "always paddles with me boots on," a reference to the fact that he, as an army man, always wears contraception when having intercourse....   [tags: Birth Control Pregnancy Essays]
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1655 words
(4.7 pages)
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Regeneration in Public Housing - ... Within this research, those residing in public housing estates and areas of concentrated low income private rental housing were identified as the most disadvantaged, in terms of employment, income levels and education opportunities ( Arthurson, 2008, p. 1). Public policy in the field of housing needs to address the balance of social mix within older public housing estates to prevent this continuous cycle. In the urban studies literature, this concept is variously referred to as ‘social mix’, ‘tenure mix’ or ‘residential mix’ (Athurson, 2002, p....   [tags: Social Programs]
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1684 words
(4.8 pages)
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Regeneration by Pat Barker - Regeneration World War I was fought on the battlegrounds of Europe. Death and dismay was strewn throughout the landscape. The major players included, but were not limited to, The United States, Great Britain, Germany, Italy, and France. Much like the Vietnam War, that would occur later on in the century, this war was one of bewilderment for most of the people involved, and not involved, for that matter. The soldiers and civilians alike were uncertain about the events leading up to this escalation of mass bloodshed....   [tags: essays research papers] 1109 words
(3.2 pages)
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Urban Regeneration in the London Docklands - Urban Regeneration in the London Docklands The London Docklands Development Corporation is located along the River Thames Estuary 2.a) The London Docklands had to close for many reasons. The main reason was the Second World War. The area suffered substantial bomb damage in the Second World War, which lead to the need for a substantial rebuilding programme. In the first 20 years after the Second World War, many buildings came to the end of their usefulness. A number of factors contributed to the decline in the importance of the Docklands....   [tags: Papers] 805 words
(2.3 pages)
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The AFLCIO and Organized Labor Regeneration - The AFLCIO and Organized Labor Regeneration While researching this paper I came across a very interesting article. In the November 2000 issue of Reason magazine, Michael McMenamin leads with the following paragraph: Organized labor was a one-century phenomenon. Look it up. Union members were only 9.5% of the private sector work force in 1999, down from a peak of 37% 40 years earlier. The last time union membership was so low was in 1902, when the union members were 9.3% of the private sector work force… The current union leaders, led by AFL-CIO president John Sweeney, have no realistic plans to change course....   [tags: Papers] 2207 words
(6.3 pages)
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The Analysis of Paddington Basin Regeneration Project. - The Analysis of Paddington Basin Regeneration Project. INTRODUCTION For this assignment our group is requested to write a report concerning new business development in the local area, which is the Paddington Basin Regeneration Project. As this development will have many different and significant environmental impacts, it is our group’s objective to further investigate the effects of this development on the local residents. We are aiming to explore the background to the development, the effects on the environment, the social costs and benefits in terms of quality of life indicators....   [tags: Papers] 11179 words
(31.9 pages)
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The Ethics of Electric Shock Therapy in "Regeneration" - "Pat Barker's Regeneration: Is Electric Shock Therapy Moral?" Psychiatry is a very abstract study. That is why they call it a "soft science." It's earliest roots are only decades, not centuries. In the novel Regeneration, by Pat Barker, their are two different types of therapy used in psychiatry at the time, electric shock therapy and communication therapy. Electric shock therapy is immoral. It is painful to the patient and does not have a a high rate of patient satisfactory. It is done against a patient's will....   [tags: Psychology] 591 words
(1.7 pages)
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The De-industrialisation and Regeneration of the Merseyside Region - The De-industrialisation and Regeneration of the Merseyside Region The Merseyside region falls within one of Britain’s traditional manufacturing areas. Liverpool first developed as a small port concerned with fishing and trade with Ireland. However, it’s location on the West coast, on the Irish Sea meant that the port grew throughout the 18th century due to the increase in trade with North America and the West Indies, and the decline of the port in the nearby city of Chester....   [tags: Papers] 1520 words
(4.3 pages)
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Examine and compare the ways in which Pat Barker in Regeneration and - Examine and compare the ways in which Pat Barker in Regeneration and Wilfred Owen in his poetry explore the nature of life in the trenches. Pat Barker and Wilfred Owen are both successful writers in delivering an insight into trench life from the perspective of a soldier, although in different ways. Owen, being a soldier himself, has had first hand experience of trench life and describes the pity of war, in that war is a waste of young, innocent lives, and the bitterness of the soldiers towards the people who do not have to fight....   [tags: English Literature] 1309 words
(3.7 pages)
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Nerve Regeneration in the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) of mammals - ... Most of the cues involved in axonal regeneration are similar to those found in axonal development. Some of the key factors/events involved in regenerative response will be discussed in the following sections. Macrophage recruitment and Schwann cell proliferation Two to three days after the injury macrophages are recruited to the degenerating distal nerve stump in response to a chemotactic signal released by the degenerating axon (Perry & Brown 1992). Macrophages play an important role in the initial degenerative process by removing axonal and myelin debris by phagocytosis (Crang & Blackmore, 1987)....   [tags: Biology] 648 words
(1.9 pages)
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Financial Appraisal: Regeneration Through Education Limited - ... Financial risks can also be reduced through hedging where a certain combination of assets is selected to offset their own movements (Madura 2010, p. 353). In this respect, LTE can reduce its risks by purchasing items or investing in programs that will reduce the risk of investing in furniture and fittings. For example, LTE can choose to invest its large amount of grant in another furniture company that will demand a slightly lower deposit. Alternatively, it can engage the contractors building its complex of rooms and conference facilities to engage its own furniture firm to do the required fittings in the proposed complex....   [tags: Business Analysis ]
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2329 words
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How does war affect relationships in Regeneration? - How does war affect relationships in Regeneration. "Regeneration" is a novel that combines fact and fiction to describe a soldier's experiences of the war. It does this successfully through a series of relationships, not only of a sexual nature but also relationships between Rivers and his patients, which reveal how difficult it is for rivers to form a trust relationship with patients and how stressful their revelations are on him. There are also examples of friendships, between Sassoon and Graves, and love, in particular between Priors and Sarah....   [tags: English Literature] 1536 words
(4.4 pages)
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The Horror of Pity and War in Regeneration by Pat Barker and Collective Poems of Wilfred Owen - The Horror of Pity and War in Regeneration by Pat Barker and Collective Poems of Wilfred Owen Through reading ‘Regeneration’ by Pat Barker and Wilfred Owen’s collection of poems, we see both writers present the horror and pity of World War I in an effective way. ‘Regeneration’ shows us a personal account of shell-shocked officer’s experience in the war. This links with Wilfred Owen’s poems as they too show how war affects the soldiers. Even though ‘Regeneration’ (a prose piece) and Wilfred Owen’s poems (poetry) are similar, they both present different styles as they are written at different times, a male and female perspective and in different literacy forms....   [tags: Papers] 2135 words
(6.1 pages)
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Comparing Irony of War in Dulce et Decorum, Regeneration, and Quiet on the Western Front - Irony of War Exposed in Dulce et Decorum, Regeneration, and Quiet on the Western Front   Many of the young officers who fought in the Great War enlisted in the army with glowing enthusiasm, believing that war was played in fancy uniforms with shiny swords. They considered war as a noble task, an exuberant journey filled with honor and glory. Yet, after a short period on the front, they discovered that they had been disillusioned by the war: fighting earned them nothing but hopelessness, death and terror....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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1172 words
(3.3 pages)
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Comparing Heroism in Red Badge of Courage, Journey's End, and Regeneration - Heroism in Red Badge of Courage, Journey's End, and Regeneration        The idea of heroism is constantly evolving with time. The traditional idea of heroism, is derived from ancient Greek influences such as the two major epic poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey. The mythological figure of heroism is endowed with great strength and ability, and of divine descent. He brings honour and acclaim, and is admired for his courage. This is the Homeric ideal that The Red Badge of Courage and Journey's End approaches....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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1217 words
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A Comparison of the Techniques Employed in Portraying the Horror of War in Regeneration and Journey's End - A Comparison of the Techniques Employed in Portraying the Horror of War in Regeneration and Journey's End "I chose the First World War because it's come to stand in for other wars… It's come to stand for the pain of all wars." Pat Barker wrote "Regeneration" in the 1990's and R.C. Sherriff "Journey's End" in 1927, the quote is from Barker and illustrates the magnitude of the effect of the First World War, and expresses the appeal of the subject. Both works use different techniques in their portrayal of horror, and their effectiveness will be examined in turn....   [tags: Papers] 1695 words
(4.8 pages)
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Death and Regeneration in Walt Whitman's Poem, When Lilacs Last In The Dooryard Bloom'd - Death and Regeneration in Walt Whitman's Poem, When Lilacs Last In The Dooryard Bloom'd Whitman in 1865 wrote an elegy for President Lincoln entitled "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd." The "Lilacs" elegy is an outpouring of the deep sense of loss that Whitman felt after the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. The President's death was a great shock to the poet; it overwhelmed him in a very personal way. Whitman recognized Lincoln's excellence and importance. When Whitman first heard of the assassination, it was the spring of the year and the lilacs were in bloom....   [tags: When Lilacs Last Essays] 560 words
(1.6 pages)
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Verifying a Potential Role of GH in the Maintenance and Regeneration of Skeletal Muscle Precursors - Introduction Rapid developments in free radical biology and molecular technology led to the acquisition of data supporting the role of oxidative stress as a major contributor to the aging process and to the pathogenesis of a number of diseases (57, 65, 70). Oxidative damage to DNA, proteins, and lipids accumulates with age and contributes to degenerative diseases and the aging phenomenon by disrupting cellular homeostasis (1, 3, 4, 27). At the cellular level, oxidative stress generated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) and ROS-modified molecules can influence a wide range of cellular functions, leading to uncontrolled cell proliferation or accelerated cell death (20)....   [tags: Biology] 613 words
(1.8 pages)
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Comparing the Ways Michael Herr in Dispatches and Pat Barker in Regeneration Show the Effects of War - Comparing the Ways Michael Herr in Dispatches and Pat Barker in Regeneration Show the Effects of War When comparing Michael Herr's 'Dispatches' and 'Regeneration' by Pat Barker the differences in format, style and setting are clear from the outset. However both books explore the horrifying effect of war on those directly and indirectly involved. The two authors attempt to take the reader away from objective, statistical impressions of war and closer to the real experiences of those affected....   [tags: Papers] 2873 words
(8.2 pages)
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A compare and contrast essay on the presentation of words and silence in the novels Regeneration by Pat Barker and Strange Meeting By Susan Hill. - Barker has written Regeneration laid in England in 1917, the novel is populated by a mixture of real and imaginary people. One of the real characters is the soldier and poet, Sigfried Sassoon. We meet him after he has been awarded a medal for heroism in WWI, and has publicly denounced the war as one of aggression and conquest in defiance of military orders. Instead of having a court martial, he is sent to Craiglockhart Hospital to be treated as a \"shell shocked\" casualty by Dr. William Rivers another real character....   [tags: essays research papers] 2455 words
(7 pages)
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A Comparison Of Differing Views/Attitudes To War With Reference To Regeneration, Strange Meeting, Selected Poetry and A Journeys End - A Comparison Of Differing Views/Attitudes To War With Reference To Regeneration, Strange Meeting, Selected Poetry and A Journeys End David Lloyd George once commented, in a highly patriotic sense upon ‘the making of a new Europe-a new world’, to what degree was this true is debatable to a great extent, after all the armistice signed on November 11th 1918, didn’t confirm victory but only to learn a horrific number of 9,000,000 million fatalities were caused due to world war 1. Surely enough this was a new Europe....   [tags: Papers] 2327 words
(6.6 pages)
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The Standard for Insanity - "The Standard for Insanity" Since Pat Barker's Regeneration is set in a mental hospital, it seems fitting that questions about mental disease and the definition of sanity should be raised. At the very start of the book, Rivers and Bryce are discussing the case of Siegfreid Sassoon, a dissenting officer of the British army. As they discuss his diagnosis of "neurasthenia," Barker is laying the groundwork for one of Regeneration's many themes: no one is completely qualified to judge the sane from the insane, for insanity finds its way into us all....   [tags: Barker Regeneration Essays]
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1502 words
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Gender Roles and Hypnosis - "Gender Roles and Hypnosis" Pat Barker's Regeneration explores the internal struggles of WWI soldiers, and their attempts to overcome the trauma of war experiences. One way in which soldiers were treated for psychological trauma was with hypnosis. Hypnosis is introduced to the reader on page 51. In this particular scene, Billy Prior is attempting to convince Dr. Rivers of his specific need for hypnotherapy, in order to recall his repressed memories. By recovering these painful memories through hypnosis, Barker's male patients find themselves able to embrace emotions rather than repress them....   [tags: Barker Regeneration papers]
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1329 words
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An Unexpected Message from Our Past - "An Unexpected Message from Our Past" Who decides that being different is a trait to be looked down upon. In the late 19th century, it was the English Parliament with the passage of the Criminal Law Amendment Bill, specifically outlawing all forms of male homosexual expression. This law, combined with the already negative attitude surrounding the gay community before and after World War I, implied that homosexuality was something to be ridiculed and scorned. This trend unfortunately continues yet over a century later....   [tags: Barker Regeneration Essays]
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1537 words
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Heritage and Identity - "Heritage and Identity" The presence of Jews in England has been a source of controversy for many reasons. On page 35 of Pat Barker's historical novel Regeneration, Siegfried Sassoon reveals the nature of his relationship with his father, who left home when he was five, and gives an account of his Jewish history. Though he hadn't been raised Jewish and apparently had no association with his Jewish relatives, Sassoon was subjected to the discrimination that was often seen in England before and during WWI....   [tags: Barker Regeneration Essays]
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1574 words
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Bolsheviks and Britain in World War One - "Bolsheviks and Britain in World War One" During one of the therapy and wit sessions between Rivers and Prior at Craiglockhart, we discover that class struggle is an issue plaguing Prior. Pat Barker introduces the reference to Bolsheviks on page 135 in order to have her readers strictly denounce the caste system of British society, both for the soldiers returning home, and also the women who continued to be victims of the same system in Britain during World War One. Understanding the role Bolsheviks play in affecting Britain's soldiers and citizens during World War One first requires background information on both Russian interests and Russia's relationship to Germany....   [tags: World History Regeneration Barker Essays]
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1368 words
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The Effectiveness Of Urban Renewal Strategies In The Sydenham Road Are - Identification of a Question Sparkbrook is a typical inner city area of Birmingham; predominantly Victorian and Edwardian in character and its multi-cultural society live in a deprived district suffering from high unemployment and a generally poor quality environment. For such reasons it is part of a ‘regeneration’ scheme and this investigation will assess the success of this scheme. Development of Strategy The aim of the urban renewal programme is; to create sustainable structures of economic regeneration, to encourage business development and diversification, and to find solutions to serious social problems caused by the crisis situations that are common in many depressed urban areas....   [tags: essays research papers] 956 words
(2.7 pages)
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Hearing Damage in Waterslager Canaries - Ninety percent of hearing loss occurs due to loss of hair cells or auditory nerve cells. We now know that fish, amphibians and birds are able to grow new hair cells after insult. Birds are the only animals that show both hair cell regeneration and vocal learning, making them a unique model for aspects of human hearing impairment. While long-term hair cell regeneration in mammals appears to be feasible in the near future, questions remain as to the functionality of these regenerated hair cells beyond basic audiograms....   [tags: Research Analysis] 802 words
(2.3 pages)
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Roaring Camp - The Regeneration of Roaring Camp 	"And so the work of regeneration began is Roaring Camp"(9). The regeneration referred to takes place in a California mining camp in 1850 after the birth of Tommy Luck, son of Cherokee Sal, the camp’s prostitute, who died giving birth. Sometimes one doesn’t realize how much he needs to change until he gets a subtle push from fate. Just a little addition to the world can cause a regeneration of a lifetime. Bret Harte demonstrates this idea in the story "The Luck of Roaring Camp." In this story, Bret Harte shows that even the roughest men can regenerate into kind, gentle, wholesome people, with the love of a child....   [tags: essays research papers] 700 words
(2 pages)
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Major Sporting Events and Their Effect on the Regional and National Economies - Major Sporting Events and Their Effect on the Regional and National Economies The term 'economic impact' used in isolation is interpreted in different ways in both short and long term. Therefore, UK sport has adapted the following definition within its major events strategy: 'The net economic change in a host community that results from spending attributes to a sports event or facility'. (Turco and Kelsey 1992) I will look at how Major Sporting events within the U.K; boost the local, regional and national economy....   [tags: Papers] 1311 words
(3.7 pages)
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Catoctin Mountain Review - ... A second was sterilization of bucks, which would only show moderate control of the population if the dominant buck were sterilized. Predator reintroduction was next rejected, because studies have shown that predators have not shown consistent control of ungulates. Others included poisoning or introducing reproduction control through food these options could be ingested by non-key species and become a detriment to the plan. Surgical sterilization of doe was also rejected due to the risk of infection and shock from the surgery....   [tags: Environment ]
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For All Seasons - For All Seasons In the eyes of the poet, how can we describe the majestic cycle of nature. Nature is all around us and we are bound by it unpredictable transformations. Robert Frost finds the beauty of nature, yet is quite aware of its fickleness. He is infatuated with the regeneration of life with each seasonal progression. Nature is a mundane detail that we rarely take time to appreciate and sometimes take for granted its tendency to constantly make the world beautiful. When life decays, we see that the world around us is barren and desolate, but we know that it will change with the passing of time....   [tags: Papers] 348 words
(1 pages)
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The Ground Work Trust - The Ground Work Trust The first Groundwork Trust was established 21 years ago on Merseyside. Seventeen years later, there are 44 independent Groundwork companies all over England, Wales and Northern Ireland, each with charitable objectives to bring social and economic regeneration into areas of need. The Groundwork approach has also been adopted in Japan and the USA where the National Park Service is supporting a growing number of Trusts. Groundwork's purpose is "to build sustainable communities through joint environmental action"....   [tags: Papers] 463 words
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Collective Memory - Anthony D. Smith who wrote “National Identity and Myths of Ethnic Descent” discussed how myths are formed and how they can lead to the ethnic regeneration within a group of people. He associated his ideas on ethnic regeneration with the countries of Turkey, Greece, England, France, and Israel. His ideas clearly outlined the steps that are taken to regenerate when people are influence by myths created sometimes thousands of years ago in such cases as seen by Jews. There were eight steps which all of these nation-states were said to have followed, in order to be where they are today....   [tags: essays research papers] 364 words
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Shortleaf Pine (Pinus echinata) and Pulp and Lumber Production - Shortleaf Pine (Pinus echinata) and Pulp and Lumber Production Introduction Shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata) is commercially one of the four most important conifers in the southeastern United States. In fact, shortleaf pine has the widest range of all southern pines, spreading from Florida to New Jersey and from North Carolina to Oklahoma Sidney Investments, a firm based in Dallas, Texas, is considering the purchase of a 360 acre parcel of forested land located in the Quachita Mountains of eastern Oklahoma....   [tags: Economic Analysis] 3787 words
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Blue Crabs - The scientific name given to the blue crab was derived from Latin and Greek: Calli, beautiful; nectes, swimmer; and sapidus, savory. Thus, a literal transition might be the beautiful savory swimmer. The blue crab is an important and interesting species. The blue crab is a species whose life history involves a complex cycle of planktonic, nektonic, and benthic stages which occur throughout the marine environment in a variety of habitats. The blue crab is one of the more abundant estuarine invertebrates and supports important commercial and recreational fisheries along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts....   [tags: essays research papers] 425 words
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Jewish Views Q&A - 1a. Describe the Jews’ view of God and their basic worldview in the Intertestamental Period. Concerned with practice, orthopraxy rather than right thoughts Jews held on to all the essential features of the OT. However, there were concerted efforts made to reinstate traditional institutions. (Scott, Jewish background of the New Testament 2000:265) In addition the retention, practice, and application of Monotheism, covenant, and law the three main pillars of OT religion made Intertestamental Judaism unique....   [tags: Religion]
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The Therapeutic Value of Charlie Chaplin - The Therapeutic Value of Charlie Chaplin Pat Barker's Regeneration represents a part of history for the First World War. Regeneration is an antiwar novel held together by people, places, and cultural references. Charlie Chaplin is a cultural reference used within the novel. Barker refers to Chaplin on page 60 in the novel. When the wounded and dysfunctional soldiers watch a Charlie Chaplin film at the Craiglockhart War Hospital. During the war Charlie Chaplin films were therapeutic for the soldiers, and showing one of his films helps develop the theme of therapy that occurs throughout the novel....   [tags: Biography]
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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Implications For Brain - Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Implications For Brain Throughout the course of this semester we have examined numerous issues which have all had different implications for the brain = behavior argument. Some who have been skeptical of the validity of this idea have been swayed by observations that processes and behaviors they originally thought to have a cloudy neurobiological basis in fact have a sound biological and physiological underpinning. One such phenomenon which can help elucidate the ongoing brain = behavior debate is Post-Traumatic Stress disorder, or PTSD....   [tags: Chemistry Psychology Papers]
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Family Literacy Services in South Africa - Family Literacy Services in South Africa Thank you madam chair. Good morning ladies and gentlemen. The title of the presentation is Soshanguve Family Literacy Service: a forwarding step to true African Renaissance. When we talk of the Renaissance of Africa, we speak of advances in science and technology, development and flowering of knowledge and a blossoming of the arts in Africa. It is a break from the long held dogma that still weighs down the African mind and spirit, declaring that Africans are incapable of initiative, creativity, individuality, and entrepreneurship....   [tags: social issues]
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Effects of Wildfires on Forest Ecosystems - Ecological Restoration of Forests and Fires One of the most predominate ecosystems is the forest community. Covering about one-fourth of the land area on Earth, forests consist mainly of trees and other woody vegetation, growing closely together. The trees can be large and densely packed, as they are in the coastal forests of the Pacific Northwest, or they can be relatively small and sparsely scattered, as they are in the dry tropical forests of sub-Saharan Africa. Forests are complex ecosystems that also include “soils and decaying organic matter, fungi and bacteria, herbs and shrubs, vines and lichens, ferns and mosses, insects and spiders, reptiles and amphibians, birds and mammals, and many other organisms” (Audesirk, 2003)....   [tags: essays research papers] 1979 words
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Neo-liberal model of economic policy-making - ... In terms of urban competitiveness, the article explains how the state authority and public policy were being used to favour only those special interests of people. Under the concept of urban competitiveness, only those minorities whose interest were being met by the state authority and public policy makers, prospered. The next concept that explains the vacuousness of planners during the era is “urban-culture” which emphasized importance of culture-led urban regeneration strategy. Closely linked to urban competitiveness, under the strategy, the selfishness of city-managers sought high-profile projects and canny arts entrepreneurs in expectance of public funds and reputation (Lovering, 2009)....   [tags: Article Review, John Lovering] 1897 words
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Language - ... Te Whāriki (1996) states children should experience an environment where: connecting links with the family and the wider world are affirmed and extended (p. 54). Furthermore I realize the need for children acquire a second language .New Zealand is a multicultural country. To put this into perspective we can also look at the proportion of people talking in some other second languages in New Zealand. May (2005) points out that the 2001 Census indicates that there are now over 100,000 speakers of Pasifika language....   [tags: Communication, Māori Language ] 902 words
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Intestinal Neoplasia Model - ... Developmentally, both the mammalian gut and Drosophila midgut are of endothelial in origin (Kedinger et al., 1987; Tepass and Hartenstein 1994). They comprise an epithelial monolayer of columnar or cuboidal cells called enterocytes. To maximize its surface area, mammalian intestinal epithelium has a series of crypts (crypts of Lieberkühn) along the intestine, this extensive folding does not occur in the Drosophila intestine. However, microvilli of the apical side of the intestinal cells (Shanbhag and Tripathi, 2009) function in the similar manner....   [tags: Biology, ] 890 words
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PCSK9: Hepatocyte-specific role dissected - ... HMG-CoA reductase is the rate-limiting enzyme of cholesterol biosynthesis that is normally suppressed by increased LDL uptake. Therefore, upregulation of the enzyme was unexpected in a background characterized by high LDLR concentration. It seems that PHx caused intracellular cholesterol levels to drop significantly and the rate of cholesterol biosynthesis was increased in order to overcome this drop. Partial hepatectomy triggers the proliferation of all cell populations in the liver including hepatocytes and progenitor cells [5]....   [tags: Scientific Research]
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Spinal Cord Injury - Spinal Cord Injury Spinal cord injury is a serious problem that effects close to 250,000 people in the United States with 10,000 people being injured per year . There are many things that can lead to spinal cord injury, including athletic injuries, car accidents, and recreational activities like swimming and biking. It primarily effects those between the ages of 16 and 30 and drastically effects the rest of their lives. It is a very debilitating injury that requires extensive medical care, often leaves the patients in a great deal of pain for the rest of their lives(2), and the treatment of which costs $10 billion dollars a year in the US.(facts from site 1) With all of these factors spurring research on there is a strong drive to find a cure for such a devastating injury....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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Restoring the Balance - "Restoring the Balance" World War I was a war of new technology. There were machine guns, gas bombs, and trenches. Because of this new technology, World War I was also a war filled with atrocities. The men fighting in the war experienced horrors that no human being should have ever experienced. The novel Regeneration by Pat Barker addresses the question of how these soldiers were supposed to recover from these horrors. For Dr. W.H.R. Rivers, there was only one answer -- psychology. On page 29, a patient of Rivers' named Anderson tells Rivers, "That's what you Freudian Johnnies are on about all the time, isn't it....   [tags: Psychology Psychological Freud Essays]
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The Fungi Formerly Known as Dentinum Repandum - The Fungi Formerly Known as Dentinum Repandum This paper will cover a description of Hydnum repandum, its ecology, and some research involving the species. The first topic to be discussed in this paper is a description of Hydnum repandum, which was until recently referred to as Dentinum repandum. The description of the fungi will start with the appearance of H. repandum, and will be followed by the life cycle of the noted species. The appearance of Hydnum repandum is quite unique. The stipe of the fungi can range from two to seven centimeters tall, and one to three centimeters thick (Wood)....   [tags: Hydnum Repandum Fungus Essays]
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Cellular Reproduction - Cellular Reproduction Cellular Reproduction is the process by which all living things produce new organisms similar or identical to themselves. This is essential in that if a species were not able to reproduce, that species would quickly become extinct. Always, reproduction consists of a basic pattern: the conversion by a parent organism of raw materials into offspring or cells that will later develop into offspring. (Encarta, 2) In almost all animal organisms, reproduction occurs during or after the period of maximum growth....   [tags: Biology]
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Essay About Criticism Of Shakespeares Plays - Essay About Criticism of Shakespeare's Plays When attempting to read criticism of Shakespeare plays one idea is clear: if the review was written more than five or ten years ago the essay is likely to be exclusive when it comes to the women in Shakespeare. Little attention had been given to the women of Shakespeare prior to the seventies feminist movement. The women in King Lear deserve attention just as women in every Shakespearean play do. A common idea among critics is that the women perpetuated evil and were not worthy of acknowledgment for anything else....   [tags: essays research papers] 2142 words
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Modernism In Works of T.S. Elliot And James Joyce - Introduction: Modernism is a word that is generally used to understand "new and distinctive features in the subjects, forms, concepts and styles of literature and the other arts in the early decades of the present century, but especially after World War I." (Abrams 167) More often than not "Modernism" engages in "deliberate and radical break" (Abrams 167) with some of the more traditional foundation of art and culture. Peter Childs in his book Modernism remarks "Modernism has almost universally been considered a literature of not just change but crisis" (p....   [tags: Literature] 1757 words
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Apoplastic Proteins - The apoplast is the outer segment of the plant cell membrane. The apoplast has a variety of functions during plant physiological and development stage. It acts as a barricade and also a connection between the atmosphere and the protoplast. The apoplast is the main location, where plants express proteins. These proteins each of them have various roles that have physiological importance in the apoplast and overall fundamental impact in plant cell function. The primary objective of this paper is to establish the principle functions of apoplastic proteins in higher plants which include slowing ice formation and increasing survival at freezing temperatures, cell expansion, and their response to defense against pathogens....   [tags: Biology ]
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The Spinal Cord and Spinal Cord Injury - ... Studies have been done trying to decrease secondary injury and increase cell regeneration in the spinal cord. Some studies have suggested that secondary injury should be preventable (Peng et al., 2009). Research of P2X7 antagonists showed that damage to oligodendrocytes and myelin was preventable. It also showed improvement in action potentials as well (Domercq et al., 2009). Tissue samples after the transplantation of human embryonic stem cell derived oligodendrocyte progenitor cells showed strength in the white and gray matter where the injury occurred....   [tags: Medical Research ]
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Aldo Leopold on The Ecological Conscience - Aldo Leopold on “The Ecological Conscience” Leopold defends his position the advent of a new ethical development, one that deals with humans’ relations to the land and its necessity. This relationship is defined as the land ethic, this concept holds to a central component referred to as the ecological consciousness. The ecological consciousness is not a vague ideal, but one that is not recognized in modern society. It reflects a certainty of individual responsibility for the health and preservation of the land upon which we live, and all of its components....   [tags: essays research papers] 349 words
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Critical Analysis of Tintern Abbey - Wordsworth renews traditional themes through the device of characterisation. In Lyttelton's "Lucinda", his female character Lucinda "simply completes a definition of the good life, whereas Wordsworth's Dorothy offers a link with the past." The presence of a loved companion is linked to the stability and love that the poet feels for nature. "However, where Cowper is quiet in his sincerity, Wordsworth is much more earnest in his plea for Dorothy." Renewal for Wordsworth means a renewal of passionate emotions and a strong sense of loyalty to the landscape, as seen in his poem Tintern Abbey....   [tags: Poetry Analysis] 279 words
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Waste Land Essay: Impact of Images on the Structure of The Waste Land - Impact of Images on the Structure of The Waste Land      Many of the images that give bounds to the structure of "The Waste Land" relate to the annual cycle of life with which ancient peoples closely bound up their own lives. Eliot himself points out the importance of the ancient cycle of life by acknowledging a "general indebtedness," as the anthologists' introduction to the poem points out, to Sir James Frazer's The Golden Bough and especially the volumes Adonis, Attis, Osiris. These two volumes deal with ancient beliefs about cycles in the life of vegetation and with ceremonies meant to insure fertility....   [tags: T.S. Eliot Waste Land Essays]
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Sal's Enlightenment in Mexico in Jack Kerouac's, On the Road - Sal's Enlightenment in Mexico Jack Kerouac's, On the Road In A Mexico Fellaheen from Lonesome Traveler, Jack Kerouac describes crossing the border between America and Mexico: "It's a great feeling of entering the Pure Land, especially because it's so close to dry faced Arizona and Texas and all over the Southwest B but you can find it, this feeling, this fellaheen feeling about life, that timeless gayety of people not involved in great cultural and civilization issues" (22). Mexico is at once "close to" America and yet distinct from it, a "Pure Land" removed from the fallout of Spengler's crumbling Western civilization....   [tags: On The Road Essays]
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Mending the Relationship of Two Brothers in James Baldwin's Sonny's Blues - Mending the Relationship of Two Brothers in James Baldwin's Sonny's Blues According to Liukkonen, James Baldwin is well known for his "novels on sexual and personal identity, and sharp essays on civil-rights struggle in the United States." "Sonny's Blues" is no exception to this. The story takes place in Harlem, New York in the 1950's and tells of the relationship between two brothers. The older brother, who is the narrator and a participant in the novel, remains unnamed throughout the story. The novel is about the struggles, failures and successes of these two African American brothers growing up in the intercity as a minority....   [tags: Sonny's Blues Essays James Baldwin ]
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Human Necessity - Human Necessity Today, we live in a world where the question, "why?" proceeds nearly every statement or action. We live in a society where faith alone, for most, is not enough to justify belief. In her novel Regeneration, Pat Barker shows us this need to question by referring to the Gospel of Saint Luke. On page 106, Dr. Rivers recites Luke 4:23 to himself: "Ye will sure say unto me this proverb. Physician heal thyself." Barker uses this Biblical reference to develop a theme concurrent with the entire novel: our innate human need to seek justification for actions....   [tags: Religion Christianity Papers]
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Two traditions of Western and Chinese Cultures - Two traditions of Western and Chinese Cultures ABSTRACT: In European atomic theory, Euclid's geometry and Aristotle's logic complement each other and are generally acknowledged sources of Western science. In China, the book Zhou Yi is the source of Chinese science because it system contains a unity of philosophic, logical and mathematical thinking. These two systems form the core of the scientific models of the Western and Chinese cultural traditions. In political and ideological arenas, the Western is a contract model based on the individual, but the Chinese is an entirety one base on 'human administration.' In Western societies, the inner general tensile stress of contracts causes losses and breaks of action standards and values, but it also has features of reconstruction, regeneration, and re-creation....   [tags: World History Essays]
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Negotiating Identity: the Frontier in Moby-Dick - Negotiating Identity: the Frontier in Moby-Dick Written during a period of American history characterized by great expansionism, Herman Melville's Moby-Dick may be read as a reflection upon both the rapidly changing geographical frontiers of America, and the accompanying shift of social, political, religious and cultural boundaries. The Pequod's world is governed by laws other than those of the American mainland. Figuratively situated at the frontier of the New World, the ship evokes the mythic American pioneer with the independent spirit, aggression and courage to wrench a nation from the wilderness....   [tags: Herman Melville Moby Dick Papers]
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Paganism and Christianity’s Roles in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight - Paganism and Christianity’s Roles in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight Gawain’s belief by the end of “Sir Gawain and the Green Knight” is that he has failed—in honesty, fidelity, and faith. As a representative of an ideal Christian whose priority is to remain godly (and knightly), he sees the outcome of his quest quite differently than the Green Knight. The Green Knight also prizes honesty, though not always at the cost of life, a view not necessarily shared by Gawain. Strangely enough, King Arthur’s court, ideally as devout as Gawain, sees Gawain’s small human flaws not as a failure (as Gawain does) but as an overall achievement—he returned to court alive and bravely kept his word to the Green Knight....   [tags: Christianity Sir Gawain The Green Knight Essays]
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Urban Consolidation - Urban Consolidation Factors and Fallacies in Urban Consolidation: Introduction As proponents of urban consolidation and consolidated living continue to manifest in our society, we must ensure that our acknowledgment of its benefits, and the problems of its agitator (sprawl), do not hinder our caution over its continually changing objectives. Definition Like much urban policy, the potential benefits that urban consolidation and the urban village concept seek to offer are substantially undermined by ambiguous definition....   [tags: essays papers]
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