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Your search returned 226 essays for "recidivism":
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Juvenile Offenders Recidivism and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy - According to the National Institute of Justice, recidivism is one of the most fundamental concepts in criminal justice. The NIJ defines recidivism as a person’s relapse into criminal behavior, often after receiving sanctions or undergoing intervention for a previous crime. Recidivism is often utilized in evaluating prisons effectiveness in crime control. Reducing recidivism is crucial for probation, parole and to the correctional system overall. Literature Review “There is no single cognitive-behavioral method or theory” a quote by McGuire, quoted by Pearson and Lipton et al....   [tags: Recidivism of Juvenile Offenders]
:: 4 Works Cited
2841 words
(8.1 pages)
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Recidivism of Sex Offenders - Sex offenders have been a serious problem for our legal system at all levels, not to mention those who have been their victims. There are 43,000 inmates in prison for sexual offenses while each year in this country over 510,000 children are sexually assaulted(Oakes 99). The latter statistic, in its context, does not convey the severity of the situation. Each year 510,000 children have their childhood's destroyed, possibly on more than one occasion, and are faced with dealing with the assault for the rest of their lives....   [tags: Adult Sex Offender Recidivism]
:: 8 Works Cited
2497 words
(7.1 pages)
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Is Recidivism Inevitable? - Prisons are intended not only to hold prisoners, but, also to rehabilitate them and turn them into productive members of society. Though it seems prisons are not doing their job correctly, most prisons, either due to budget constraints or corrupt officers, do not try to rehabilitate them. They serve their time and then are thrown back into the world worse criminals than before. The prison system, in its current form, is flawed. It is nearly impossible to truly rehabilitate someone after prison time....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 6 Works Cited
893 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Link Between Literacy and Recidivism - The website, literacy.kent.edu describes literacy as “ being able to read and write at a level to be successful in today's world and also being proficient at math, knowing how to use technology, and knowing how to solve problems and make decisions.”(par. 1). So how do prisoners acquire these skills while they are incarnated away from the world. This is where literacy programs such as Literature-N-Living in Florida and Storybook Project come into play. Although these literacy programs seem minor to the world they are important to prison inmates, juvenile offenders and their community because studies show it can lead to reduced recidivism, positive attitude changes, and even enhance the priso...   [tags: Literacy Essays]
:: 9 Works Cited
1697 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Death Penalty, A Reason for Recidivism - The legal definition of the death penalty is a sentence of execution for the crime including murder and some other capital crimes; serious crimes, especially murder, which are punishable by death. The earliest proof of the death penalty dates back to the Eighteenth Century B.C. in the Code of King Hammurabi of Babylon in which 25 crimes were codified. In 1972, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the death penalty was cruel and unusual punishment, and stated in the eighth amendment would mean it was unconstitutional....   [tags: capital punishment, death penalty]
:: 9 Works Cited
921 words
(2.6 pages)
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What Works in Reducing Recidivism - A long-term study conducted by Bureau of Justice Statistics found that the average five-year recidivism rates of 404,638 prisoners released in 2005 is 76.6% among thirty states in America (Matthew, Alexia, & Howard, 2014, p. 1). In other words, most of the released prisoners did not escape the cycle of recidivism and were sent back to the prison after time. This indicates that the present American justice system, which focuses on punishment as Benson (2003) noted, fails to rehabilitate prisoners efficiently and is far from achieving the goal of reducing crime rates (p....   [tags: rehabilitate prisoners, Re-offenders]
:: 17 Works Cited
2397 words
(6.8 pages)
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Recidivism in American Women - ... “An individual who is older would have more convictions, since she has more time to commit crimes” (Stuart, 2009, p.40). Diversion programs are needed because they would focus on the issue when the women are younger by molding and shaping them into individuals that will not commit crime then as well as in the future. Solutions If women have a house and bills to pay in order to keep the household they established intact and running they will stay out of trouble to maintain that goal of ownership and belonging....   [tags: jail, prison, punishment, diversion program]
:: 6 Works Cited
1953 words
(5.6 pages)
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Juvenile Recidivism - Introduction: Recidivism or, habitual relapses into crime, has time and time again proven to be an issue among delinquents, which thereby increases the overall juvenile prison population. This issue has become more prevalent than what we realize. Unless a unit for measuring a juvenile’s risk of recidivism is enacted and used to determine a system to promote effective prevention, than the juvenile prison population will continue to increase. Our court system should not only focus on punishing the said juvenile but also enforce a program or policy that will allow for prevention of recidivism....   [tags: delinquency, rehabilitation, Risks Assessment]
:: 9 Works Cited
3195 words
(9.1 pages)
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Post-Secondary Education Effects on Recidivism - This paper will argue that post-secondary education is the most effective method of rehabilitation in American prisons. Education is not only cost-effective; it also has proven long-lasting effects on recidivism, employment, and personal growth. The majority of offenders in the American prison system are non-violent perpetrators, many of whom lack the resources for post-secondary education. By providing easily accessible education, offenders will have greater job prospects upon release and an improved sense of morality in connection to social values....   [tags: rehabilitation, American prisons, literacy]
:: 7 Works Cited
1493 words
(4.3 pages)
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Role of Prisons in Reducing Recidivism - Role of Prisons in Reducing Recidivism The role of prisons and prison wardens in reducing recidivism is a major concern today. With programs initialized in the prison systems, recidivism rates still have stayed about the same for forty years. Almost two-thirds of prisoners will be arrested after their release, and of those, half will return to prison for a new crime. The obstacle faced by professionals to change behavior is a multi-layered complex problem that needs to be addressed in our society today....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Argument Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
544 words
(1.6 pages)
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Recidivism in the United States Criminal Justice System - Recidivism in the United States Criminal Justice System An ongoing and increasingly evident issue in the criminal justice system is how convicted individuals reenter society with little or no gradual process. These individuals often resort back to criminal activity in an act termed recidivism. According to the National institute of Justice(NIJ), recidivism “refers to a person’s relapse into criminal behavior, often after the person receives sanctions or undergoes intervention for a previous crime” (National Institute of Justice, 2012)....   [tags: criminal behavior, imprisonment]
:: 4 Works Cited
1215 words
(3.5 pages)
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Recidivism Rates of Paroled Domestic Violence Offenders - Domestic violence is a learned behavior and pattern which is often caused by an interaction of situational and individual factors. The offender may have learned violence by seeing someone else being abused often or they may have been victims themselves. Because domestic violence is also a pattern, most offenders are arrested on subsequent domestic violence charges within a year after the conclusion of their previos conviction. Most states provide pre and post release treatment programs to help paroled offenders convicted of domestic violence....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
:: 7 Works Cited
853 words
(2.4 pages)
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Reducing Recidivism - Reducing Recidivism Education and vocational skills are mandatory in life. Education factors all aspects of life. Without a proper education one is limited to basic life rewards. Not to say that money is the only reason for an education, but it seems to be the force that drives offenders to keep offending. If one does not possess a basic education then the next best thing would be vocational training. Vocational training is an excellent way for some of the low educated people to get out of the life that put them in prison and to achieve a positive position in society....   [tags: Papers] 614 words
(1.8 pages)
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Criminals and Society: The Battle Between Reintegration and Recidivism - ABSTRACT: This research paper is focused on released convicts and the struggles they face to become active, progressive members of society. Sadly, these released offenders regularly face discrimination in their job searches, in attempts to secure housing for themselves and their families, and to be accepted by their communities. Without the right support structures in place upon their release, these former prisoners may very well fall back into lives of crime. Without a suitable place to stay, these released offenders may become recidivists, falling back into their familiar roles as law breakers, if only to provide the basic necessities for themselves and their families....   [tags: Criminal Justice Released Prisoner Convict Crime]
:: 11 Works Cited
3252 words
(9.3 pages)
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Troubles with Reentering the Community After Doing Time in Prison - In the time of serving their sentence, prisoners are allowed to take part in several treatment programs. The prison facility offers educational training, vocational training, psychotherapy, and counseling for any inmate that seeks the knowledge and help. When the State Psychiatric Hospitals around the nation closed, thousands of people with mental health disabilities will be sent to prison to stay off the streets and to receive help. The programs in prison offer medicine and counseling to inmates with a mental illness....   [tags: rehabilitation programs, recidivism]
:: 5 Works Cited
964 words
(2.8 pages)
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Technology and The Correction Systems - Technology has become the bedrock for different parts of the correction system. The main force of expenditures and study in the corrections field is for the use of monitoring offenders. Different technologies that allow for better control pf the offenders can save lives and help prevent new crimes from emerging. The point of these technologies is to reduce the chance of recidivism by deterring criminals from behaviors that they may commit if otherwise left to their own devices. “The role of staff in the correctional institutional environment will never be obsolete but the use of technology can enhance and enable staff to perform their jobs more efficiently and in a safer and more secure way....   [tags: television, inmates, recidivism rates]
:: 4 Works Cited
1558 words
(4.5 pages)
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Three Strikes Law - Three Strikes Law Recidivism is a tendency to relapse into a former pattern of behavior or a tendency to return to criminal behavior. Many studies have been conducted about criminals who begin with petty crimes (misdemeanors) that repeat the same crimes or graduate to serious crimes (felonies). The fear of repeat offenders and the increase of recidivism ignited the federal and state governments to seek harsher ways to protect citizens’ safety. Mike Reynolds a photographer whose daughter, Kimber, was murdered in1992 during a purse snatching incident introduced the Three Strikes Law in 1993....   [tags: Law, Recidivism, Career Criminals ] 1750 words
(5 pages)
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The Recidivism Rate of Juvenile Sex Offenders between Uses of Legal Sentencing as Adults or Utilizing Psychological Treatment - The Recidivism Rate of Juvenile Sex Offenders between Uses of Legal Sentencing as Adults or Utilizing Psychological Treatment It is typically thought that sex offenders are the type of individual that needs to be tried in our courts and then sentenced because there is really no hope for an individual that harms the most innocent of our society. But there just may be an exception to this way of thinking. Juveniles who at one point themselves may have been victims, and as they have grown into adolescence not knowing why they are thinking the way they are, turn around and abuse others....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 8 Works Cited
2292 words
(6.5 pages)
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Juvenile Boot Camps Do Not Reduce Juvenile Delinquency - Introduction Juvenile delinquency is a relatively new phenomenon. For this reason, society’s reactions and solutions to the problem of delinquency are also modern developments. The United States developed the first youth court in 1899 and is now home to many new and formerly untested methods of juvenile rehabilitation and correction. One of many unique programs within the Juvenile Justice system, boot camps are institutions designed to keep delinquent juveniles out of traditional incarceration facilities and still provide a structured method of punishment and rehabilitation....   [tags: Boot Camps Do Not Reduce Recidivism]
:: 7 Works Cited
2996 words
(8.6 pages)
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Chemical Castration and Physical Castration - A Critical Analysis of the Effects of Chemical Castration and Physical Castration on the Recidivism Rates of Sex Offenders Introduction This paper examines the effects of chemical castration and physical castration on the recidivism rates of sex offenders. Using theory integration or the multifactor approach, the findings reveal there are several factors influencing sex offender recidivism. Both chemical castration and physical castration have the potential to reduce the recidivism rates of sex offenders by lowering testosterone levels, diminishing sexual urges, and making sexual urges more controllable if the sexual urges are motivated by increased testosterone levels....   [tags: Recidivism of Sex Offenders]
:: 20 Works Cited
4610 words
(13.2 pages)
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Is Parole Ineffective of Effective in Curbing Recidivism? - ... Studies have shown that the children of such parents suffer sadness, confusion etc. and these feelings result in difficulties in school, aggressive behavior, and low self-esteem (Beck, Gilliard and Greenfeld 1993). According to the statistics provided by Bureau of justice, 16 percent of jail or prison inmates reported a mental condition or an overnight stay in a mental hospital (Bureau of Justice Statistics 1999). Persons often deny that they have any mental problem, or distrust the mental health system, because of the fear of institutionalization....   [tags: punishment, transition, release]
:: 10 Works Cited
2253 words
(6.4 pages)
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The Process of Victim Offender Mediation - Criminal mediation is one way of solving criminal disputes in the united states of America , and has been used a lot in this domain , so the main example is the ( victim –offender) mediation , which raises the question of how does this system work. And what are its effects. So in this section, we will discuss in (part one) how the VOM works, and what are its effects in (part two). Part One: How Does The Victim-Offender Mediation (VOM) Work. In general, mediation is directed by a neutral third party who can by what he had of skills and abilities focus on guiding the behaviors of the parties towards discussing the issues that need to be faced, while receiving separate and confidential communic...   [tags: juvenile recidivism,vmo program,criminal mediation]
:: 7 Works Cited
1106 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Importance of the STATIC-99 and MnsSOST-R - Introduction The federal and state governments have laws which permit for the legal confinement of sex offenders deemed to pose a risk to themselves or others. In Kansas v. Hendricks (1997), the U.S. Supreme Court set forth the following criteria potential offenders must satisfy in order to be civilly committed: 1) a past of committing sexual offenses; 2) a mental disorder or impairment; 3) some form of volitional impairment; and 4) a significant risk of committing a sexual offense in the future....   [tags: Sexually violent predators]
:: 2 Works Cited
1353 words
(3.9 pages)
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Correctional Facilities in The United States - Throughout United States correctional history, it has been heavily debated as to whether or not prisons have positive effects on inmates and society. Today, many prisons attempt to have a positive impact on the lives of the inmates, while giving society the satisfaction on punishing criminals. The correctional system achieves this goal through the use of four techniques. The four techniques used by the correctional system include rehabilitation, deterrence, incapacitation, and retribution. These four methods work individually as well as collectively to produce felons who can be productive citizens of society....   [tags: Prisons, Rehabilitation Centers]
:: 3 Works Cited
2152 words
(6.1 pages)
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Efficacy of Rehabilitative Programs - Criminal justice programs around the world face various challenges especially in rehabilitating the behavior of inmates within correctional facilities. The purpose of this research paper will be to assess the various issues that exist in rehabilitative programs within prison systems. Basically, rehabilitation programs are used to correct and rehabilitate criminal offenders so that they can emerge as useful members of society once they complete their prison sentences. Some of the rehabilitation programs that are commonly used to reform inmates include counseling, health and fitness programs, transcendental meditation, academic programs and religious programs....   [tags: Correctional Programs, rehabilitating inmates] 2169 words
(6.2 pages)
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The Juvenile Justice System - Harassment, reckless endangerment, and burglary are all juvenile offenses. These juvenile offenses almost always stay on the juvenile’s criminal record, and the offenses displayed on a juvenile’s criminal record may cause employers, educators, and other authority figures to think less of the juvenile offender. As a viewer can see, this one mistake or lapse in judgment can ruin the juvenile offenders chance to further their success in life. For example, juvenile offenders may not obtain the dream job that they have always wanted, get into the college that they have always wanted to, or be eligible for a scholarship whether athletic or academic....   [tags: harrassment, burglary, criminal record]
:: 5 Works Cited
1966 words
(5.6 pages)
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Prisoners Normative Reintegration into Society - Normative reintegration into society and the resocialization of released prisoners has long been a prominent problem in society. With recidivism rates in the United States upwards of 69% it is quite clear that released prisoners are having difficulty readjusting and returning to normative lives in society (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2008). Prison aims to serve retribution, incapacitate, deter, and rehabilitate offenders, but much of the research on recidivism rates criticize the idea that “prison works” (Dhami, 2006)....   [tags: Social Issues, Animal Therapy Programs] 1706 words
(4.9 pages)
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The Pros of Employment for Ex-Cons - The Pros of Employment for Ex-Cons In the last thirty years the crime rate in the United States has decreased, but the number of people incarcerated has increased because longer minimum sentences and stricter requirements for parole have been established. Offenders serve longer prison sentences that lead to a variety of employment-related barriers to overcome after release (Bracey 253). In the State of Nebraska, ex-offenders find little help when searching for employment. On the Department of Correction’s website, the mission statement reads, The mission of the Department of Correctional Services is to serve and protect the public by providing control, humane care, and program opportunities...   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 12 Works Cited
1835 words
(5.2 pages)
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Current Issues in the Correctional System - The “Tough on Crime” and “War on Drugs” policies of the 1970s – 1980s have caused an over populated prison system where incarceration is policy and assistance for prevention was placed on the back burner. As of 2005, a little fewer than 2,000 prisoners are being released every day. These individuals have not gone through treatment or been properly assisted in reentering society. This has caused individuals to reenter the prison system after only a year of being release and this problem will not go away, but will get worst if current thinking does not change....   [tags: prison system, prisoners, inmates]
:: 1 Works Cited
1045 words
(3 pages)
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Evaluation of Correctional Education - Many correctional education programs focus on prisoner’s way of thinking and ability to make decisions. One of the many reasons criminals keep returning to prison is because they are often times released after many years of being incarcerated and have no assistance while returning to society. Correctional education programs are designed to eliminate such way of thinking so prison re-entry rate will drop. Programs such as Preparing Inmates for Re-Entry through Assistance, Training, and Employment Skills (PIRATES) are developed to reduce offenders’ negative career thoughts and teach essential skills in order to return back to society (Musgrove, Derzis, Shippen, & Brigman, 2012)....   [tags: prisoners, inmates, criminal activity]
:: 6 Works Cited
1139 words
(3.3 pages)
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Will Work for Room and Board: Prison Labor in America - American prisoners receive free medical attention, housing, meals, utilities, use of exercise equipment, and laundry services. The cost of these services amount in the billions of dollars a year and government budgets are straining to accommodate these fiscal requirements. “There’s special urgency in prisons these days,” “As state budgets get constricted, the public is looking for ways to offset the cost of imprisonment” (Brown). This economic concern requires work programs to aid in the relief of financial burdens incurred from convicted criminals....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 5 Works Cited
1473 words
(4.2 pages)
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Canada Should Focus More on Rehabilitation and Less on Retribution - Society has long since operated on a system of reward and punishment. That is, when good deeds are done or a person behaves in a desired way they SP are rewarded, or conversely punished when behaviour does not meet the societal norms. Those who defy these norms and commit crime are often punished by organized governmental justice systems through the use of penitentiaries, where prisoners carry out their sentences. The main goals of sentencing include deterrence, safety of the public, retribution, rehabilitation, punishment and respect for the law (Government of Canada, 2013)....   [tags: Canadian Justice System]
:: 19 Works Cited
3232 words
(9.2 pages)
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Is Drug Treatment a Viable Alternative to Prison Time? - Prisons and county jails are extremely over populated, so over populated that in some jails inmates are sleeping on the floors. According to Senator Jeanne Shaheen (From Senator Jeanne Shaheen: Prison Overcrowding, 2011), the federal prisons are currently 35 percent over their capacity. The overcrowding is costing the criminal justice system and taxpayers more money to transfer inmates to other facilities and in lawsuits brought by inmates against the prisons. With the prisons and county jails facing major overcrowding issues and drug treatment programs being a viable alternative to prison time, more states need to be implementing drug / treatment programs....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 8 Works Cited
1114 words
(3.2 pages)
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Multicultural Sex Offenders and Static-99 Scores - Sex crimes are one of the most serious problems in the United States today. The legal system is casual when it comes to punishing sex criminals with insufficiently short prison sentences that are further reduced by the option of parole. While sexual offenders comprise a sizable portion of U.S. prison inmates, they evoke an even greater portion of public concern, (Boccaccini, Murrie, Caperton, & Hawes, 2009). Most sex offenders are released back into society after serving as little as one- fourth of their prison sentence....   [tags: Sex Crimes, American Legal System, Social Issues] 1567 words
(4.5 pages)
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Violent Females and Restorative Justice - 2. Introduction As of the early 20th century, there has been a rise in violent crime committed by women. This is due to a change in gender roles that result in women having a lack of informal control, giving women the mindset that they are more assertive (Kruttschnitt, et. al, 2008). It has been found that women as a whole are less likely to reoffend after attending a restorative justice conference (Hayes, 2005). Due to the female violent offenders only being a minority offender group (Bonta, et.al, 1995), there are gaps in research in terms of the effectiveness of restorative justice on their recidivism rates (Latimer et.al, 2005)....   [tags: Violence, Women]
:: 22 Works Cited
1237 words
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Exploring the Positive Punishment Effect Among Incarcerated Individuals - In a quantitative analysis of the effectiveness of incarceration of individuals in preventing crime and especially preventing those particular individuals from repeating crime, Peter Wood concluded that several different mechanisms may in fact contribute to recidivism. Wood acknowledges the work of others in the field that have noted that statistically the experience of being incarcerated increased the likelihood that an individual will commit future criminal behavior. He continues to note the hypotheses of other researchers that such counter-intuitive statistics could be explained by "a theory of defiance" whereby after an individual receives punishment that they feel is unjust or unfair th...   [tags: Criminal Justice] 774 words
(2.2 pages)
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The Effectiveness of U.S. and Scandinavian Penal and Prisons Systems - Joe is a prisoner in a United States penitentiary convicted of assault with a deadly weapon and attempted robbery. Johan is a prisoner in a Norwegian Correctional Facility also convicted of assault with a deadly weapon and attempted robbery. After eight years of serving their time in custody, they are released back out into society, the world beyond their prison walls. During the following month after their release, Joe has once again been arrested for assault and attempted robbery while Johan has started making a quiet living as a deckhand on the coast for a small fishing company in Kopervik....   [tags: Prisons Systems]
:: 33 Works Cited
3052 words
(8.7 pages)
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Community Based Corrections: Viable Alternative to Incarceration - Community-based corrections alleviate overcrowded correctional facilities, reduce taxpayer burden, and rehabilitate offenders, while providing effective, efficient low cost methods of supporting public safety, community rehabilitation, behavior modification and personnel responsibility, because it uses multiple approaches and involves both legislative and judicial personnel in all steps of the process. Community-based corrections facilities are located in the community and support diverse rehabilitative programs including restitution, community service and repayment of monetary fines (Moses, 2007)....   [tags: legal reform, social reform, criminal justice]
:: 14 Works Cited
1689 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Female Prison in the United States - The female prison population in the United States is growing at an disturbing rate. According to Ajinkya (2013) from 2000 to 2009, the number of females incarcerated in state or federal prison rose by 21.6%. A high percentage of prison inmates, who tend to be poor, ethnic or racial minorities and young, will eventually be released to rejoin society and either return to their criminal lifestyles or adopt new, socially responsible patterns of behavior (Erisman & Contardo, 2005). According to Justice Center (2012), 19% of females released from prison will recidivate in the first three years post-release....   [tags: justice, incarceration, federal prison]
:: 23 Works Cited
1767 words
(5 pages)
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The Rise of America’s Prison Empire - When envisioning a prison, one often conceptualizes a grisly scene of hardened rapists and murderers wandering aimlessly down the darkened halls of Alcatraz, as opposed to a pleasant facility catering to the needs of troubled souls. Prisons have long been a source of punishment for inmates in America and the debate continues as to whether or not an overhaul of the US prison system should occur. Such an overhaul would readjust the focuses of prison to rehabilitation and incarceration of inmates instead of the current focuses of punishment and incarceration....   [tags: Analysis, Robert Perkinson, Alcatraz] 1930 words
(5.5 pages)
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Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies - Community corrections professionals use strategies to monitor sex offenders. The main three general categories of supervision are statutory mandates, treatment, and electronic monitoring devices. Due to the fact that sex offenders are the hardest to supervise, there needs to be effective strategies. This group is the hardest to supervise because a sexual act can occur at anytime and anywhere in a quick timeframe. Statutory Mandates The laws and sanctions that sex offenders must adhere to while under some type of community supervision, be it low or high risk level of recidivism, is to keep the community safe....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1114 words
(3.2 pages)
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Sexual Assault of Children - Introduction Sexual assault of children by adults is an epidemic that has reached significant proportion. According to Raymond Webster PhD, child sexual abuse “is typically defined as involving either actual physical or nonphysical contact experiences between a child and an adult in which the child is subjected to sexually based exploitation, humiliation, or degradation (Webster, 2004). “The sexual abuse and exploitation of children is one of the most vicious crimes conceivable, a violation of mankind’s most basic duty to protect the innocent, James T....   [tags: Sociology, Sexual Abuse]
:: 18 Works Cited
2042 words
(5.8 pages)
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Prison Overcrowding in California - Introduction The proliferation of prison overcrowding has been a rising concern for the U.S. The growing prison population poses considerable health and safety risks to prison staffs and employees, as well as to inmates themselves. The risks will continue to increase if no immediate actions are taken. Whereas fighting proliferation is fundamentally the duty of the U.S. government, prison overcrowding has exposed that the U.S. government will need to take measures to combat the flaws in the prison and criminal justice system....   [tags: proliferation, penal codes, effectiveness, budget]
:: 6 Works Cited
2479 words
(7.1 pages)
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Sex Offender Literature Review - ... Fictionalised crime shows can undermine the justice system as they give the public overconfidence in the ability of the courts to prosecute an offender. Fox (2012) states that media commonly use inaccurate language and bias tone to cause public panic resulting in a distorted perception when recognising genuine crime and problems. Griffin and West (2006) claim that misconceptions stem from community and media misunderstanding of recidivism rates, the efficacy of sex offender treatment and the factor leading to sex crimes which in turn create bias and inaccurate views....   [tags: Prison, Symbolic Role, Criminal Justice System]
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1715 words
(4.9 pages)
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Rehabilitation of Inmates - The topic of whether inmates can be rehabilitated was addressed by Kendall (2010) in her presentation of symbolic interactional solutions concerning crime, which center around the belief that because behavior is learned then learning alternative behaviors can replace the original learning. This argument makes sense when shaping a case in favor of rehabilitation; however, simply serving time in prison has not proven to be an effective method to re-educate inmates. (Kendall, 2010) Yamatani and Spjeldnes (2011) reported that the effectiveness of social services in impacting recidivism rates and successful reintegration were neglected in inmate studies....   [tags: Possibility, Socil Services]
:: 3 Works Cited
503 words
(1.4 pages)
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Criminal Justice Process - When a crime is committed against another person, then justice must be served to those who committed the crime. In some cases the crimes involve sexual attacks on grown adults while some offenses are against minors. In these examples the underling connection is the committed crimes of sexual abuse or sexual assault on adults and minors. When these crimes are brought before the justice system they are processed and the convicted are given a sentence to carry out but sometimes those sentences may not provide efficient time to produce the required outcome of correcting the individual or may be determined that there is no fixing the convicted disorder....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
:: 5 Works Cited
1089 words
(3.1 pages)
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An Offender Reentry Plan Will Keep the Citizens of Hawaii Safer. - The State of Hawaii utilizes the Hawaii Department of Public Safety to ensure public safety and security while living and working on the island paradise. It consists of three divisions the administration, corrections and law enforcement. The department receives an annual budget of 225 million dollars. The corrections division under the Department of Public Safety plays a key role in overseeing the management of jails and prisons. Part of its role is to fulfill its mission of implementing a successful offender reentry program for all incarcerated offenders....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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1712 words
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Educational, Vocational, Substance Abuse and Sex Offender Programs - As a group, we chose Education, Vocational, Substance Abuse, and Sex Offender Programs for our programs of discussion. Education & Vocational Programs: Educational Programs in many systems inmates who have not completed eighth grade, one in seven prisoners are put into a full time prison school. Prisons offer academic courses to those who haven’t graduated high school, so they can earn their GED. There is a waiting list for inmates who want to take classes. Some prisons offer; basic reading, english, math, and GED courses (Clear, Cole, Reisig, 2013)....   [tags: prison system,institutional programs,inmates]
:: 4 Works Cited
2050 words
(5.9 pages)
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Corrections Programs of North Carolina and Oregon - Community corrections programs in the United States are founded upon the same principles of promoting public safety and security by housing any individual that has broken the laws established by society. However, while there are several similarities there are also several differences in each individual states correctional programs and philosophies. Consequently, those similarities and differences for the states of North Carolina and Oregon will be individually analyzed and explored. The state of North Carolina advocates its mission to be the protection and safety of its citizens throughout the state by providing viable alternatives and meaningful supervision to offenders placed in their cust...   [tags: Community Corrections Programs]
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811 words
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Preventing Juvenile Delinquency - Preventing Juvenile Delinquency There is a saying that history often repeats itself. If this is a true saying, then society will have to deal with the complex issue of juveniles delinquents, who may eventually become adult criminals, as societies in time past dealt with the same conflict. Moreover, if this saying is true then the community in which juvenile delinquencies exist must have the tools necessary to divert the youth from crime. If one is to convert delinquent youth’s behavior, they need to be able to variegate the justice system in order to prevent juvenile delinquent recidivisms....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Is the Use of Castration Constitutional? - The issue of castration has many layers in terms of its use punitively. The biggest area of debate is the rate of success and if sex offender’s problem is physical or psychological. In addition, is the use of castration constitutional. Some people argue that compulsory castration is a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment and the Eighth Amendment. However, does the unconstitutional nature change when castration is voluntary and the decision is made by the offender. Moreover, does labeling castration as a treatment make it constitutional....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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State and Federal objectives of punishment - For centuries governments have acted on behalf of society removing and punishing criminals with the goal of protecting its citizens. Criminals were arrested and locked-up in jails awaiting their sentencing. Once sentenced, they were publically humiliated, tortured, or killed. Early forms punishments were cruel and mostly focused on retribution. State and Federal objectives of punishment Today punishment is the most dominant correctional goal of both the state and federal government in response to criminality....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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The German and American Correctional System - This paper explores the advantages of the German correctional system and the changes that could be made to the current American system to improve its efficiency. Several different comparison studies as well as statistics obtained from credible online sources aid in highlighting the advantages of three key components of the German penal system which make it more successful in crime inhibition and recidivism prevention than the current American counterpart. Reintegration and rehabilitation as the primary aspect in a judge’s choice of verdict are discussed first, following the availability and condition of programs existing in prison for offenders that have been sentenced to incarceration, as w...   [tags: Prison Population, Social Work]
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Better Ways to End Prison Overcrowding - The U.S is only 5% of the world’s population and houses a quarter of its prison inmates; well over 2 million people. In the past decade the war on drugs has filled many state and federal prisons with a numerous amount of inmates. Building new prisons is not the answer to tackling the prison overcrowding dilemma. The U.S doesn’t have the money due to economic strains, and it will not solve this issue head on as needed. “California may be forced to release up to 33,000 prisoners by 2013” (Shapiro & Wizner, 2011, p.1.)....   [tags: mental hospitals, criminal behaviors]
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The Importance of Educating Jail and Prison Inmates - Summary This paper explores the benefits provided by educational programs in jails and prisons. Included are the reasons inmates need education in order to successfully reenter society once they are released and use the knowledge and skills they have learned to obtain a job in order to support themselves and their families. Also examined in the paper are the financial benefits of incorporating educational programs instead of cutting them, as well as the effect these programs play on the recidivism rate....   [tags: importance of education, 2015]
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The Drug Problem and the Current Justice System - The Drug Problem and the Current Justice System The United States Correctional System is often challenged as to whether it wants to rehabilitate drug offenders or punish them, and because of this it mostly does neither. Even though drug abuse and drug trafficking are widely spread national issues, the mental, social, and economic costs of "healing" through incarceration are only making the "disease" worse. Never before have more prisoners been locked up on drug offenses than today. Mixed with the extremely high risks of today's prison environment, the concept of incarceration as punishment for drug offenders cannot be successful....   [tags: Argumentative Drugs Prison Legal] 1825 words
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Incarcerated Offender Reentry Plan - Considering the cost of new programs, budget shortfalls and cutbacks the state of Hawaii is experiencing at this time, we ask. What benefits would the state incur by immediately implementing an incarcerated offender reentry plan. Additionally, we ask. How would the immediate implementation of an incarcerated offender reentry plan affect a community’s economy and security. Perhaps, to effectively consider the impact of these questions I will need to determine why there is a need to immediately implement an incarcerated offender reentry plan....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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The Need for Expunging - The Need for Expunging Funk's article "Young and Arrestless: The Case Against Expunging Juvenile Arrest Records", makes a valid point for the need to reevaluate the current policy of expungment. Most states mandate that a juvenile's criminal record be sealed or destroyed once the person reaches 18 or 21, even if the person has raped or murdered someone. He states by "sealing the records" you impede the sentencing by judge's, effective law enforcement, and increase the risk to society. Funk assumes that juveniles will have the most to gain by having a clean record and the public will have the most to lose....   [tags: Papers] 376 words
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Prevalence of Mental Illness in our Criminal Justice System - The Prevalence of Mental Illness in our Criminal Justice System Introduction Mental Illness has been prevalent all throughout our history from Isaac Newton to Abraham Lincoln to Sylvia Plath and so on. These illnesses can be as minor as a slight bipolar disorder or as severe as schizophrenia. In recent years, mental illnesses are becoming more prevalent in our criminal justice systems than anywhere else. Mental illness is becoming an association with crime and based on the information that has been found, this paper will attempt to further define the problem of mental illness within our criminal justice system and offer alternatives or insights as to how to possibly help with this problem....   [tags: Incarceration of Mentally Ill]
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Sex Offenders: To Castrate or Not To Castrate - The act of rape is arguably one of the worse crimes that can be committed against another person. In the last few years there has been much debate about whether sex offenders should be castrated either voluntarily or as a forced treatment. There are a number of arguments for and against chemical or surgical castration being implemented against known sex offenders. First it is important to explain the difference between surgical and chemical castration. Surgical castration is the removal of a man’s testicles, for the purpose of removing his reproductive abilities and to control the levels of testosterone being produced....   [tags: Sex Crimes]
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Sex Offenders- Four Domains of Criminogenic Needs Assessment - This essay begins with the introduction of the Risk-Needs-Responsivitiy Model which was developed to assess offending and offer effective rehabilitation and treatment (Andrews & Bonta, 2007). The R-N-R model “remains the only empirically validated guide for criminal justice interventions that aim to help offenders” (Polashek, 2012, p.1) consisting of three principles which are associated with reductions in recidivism of up to 35% (Andrew & Bonta, 2010); risk, need and responsivity. Firstly, the risk principle predicts the offenders risk level of reoffending based on static and dynamic factors, and then matched to the degree of intervention needed....   [tags: Risk-Needs-Responsivitiy Model ]
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America’s Prisons and Their Effects On Society - Every civilization in history has had rules, and citizens who break them. To this day governments struggle to figure out the best way to deal with their criminals in ways that help both society and those that commit the crimes. Imprisonment has historically been the popular solution. However, there are many instances in which people are sent to prison that would be better served for community service, rehab, or some other form of punishment. Prison affects more than just the prisoner; the families, friends, employers, and communities of the incarcerated also pay a price....   [tags: law, police, goverment]
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Adolescent Crime a Result of Socioeconomic Instabilities - The overwhelming increase in crime during the mid-1980s through the early 1990s created a disenfranchisement that placed a great deal of pressure on the juvenile justice system. Pressure associated with increased levels of crime gears conservative believers in social responsibility to implement harsher punishments as an avenue for social protection. Conversely, liberally-minded individuals gravitate toward the social problems perspective, believing that rehabilitation is the only method adequate to protect society....   [tags: argumentative essay]
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Traditional and Non-Traditional Methods of Sentencing - Prisons are designed to confine individuals convicted of committing crimes. These facilities are used to rehabilitate offenders while keeping them isolated from the community so they can do no more harm to law abiding citizens. The goal of jails and prisons are to simply keep offenders from committing more crimes while encouraging them to become productive members of society. Traditional forms of corrections consist of prison time, restitution, probation or parole. However, there are some non-traditional methods as well such as alternative sentencing....   [tags: Crime] 878 words
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Supervising Sex Offenders in the Community - There are many different strategies available to community corrections officials to best supervise individual sex offenders with different needs in the community. Each offender is an individual and requires personalized types of supervision as well as different treatments. Electronic monitoring has allowed for community corrections officials to monitor sex offenders in the community with personalized supervision plans. Near-real time monitoring of high risk offenders has been made available with active GPS while lower risk offenders are supervised with passive GPS....   [tags: Sex Crimes]
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Deterrence, Rational and Restorative Justice Theories - This paper will illustrate three theories; deterrence theory, rational choice theory, and restorative justice theory. It will outline in detail the policies, and the connections between theory, research, and policy. Deterrence theory can be outlined as “principles of certainty, severity, and celerity of punishment, proportionality, specific and general deterrence” (Burke, 2009). In order for the punishment to be effective it has to be certain, swift, severe. Certainty is more important than the severity in deterring crime....   [tags: Legal Issues, Crime, Punishment] 1896 words
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Monitoring Cases Within the Correctional System - What is the purpose of monitoring. Do you feel that it is effectively done within the correctional system. Why or why not. Monitoring cases is important because the worker wants to ensure he or she documents that cases have been properly monitored, so that the agency can be reimbursed for the time spent on those cases. The reason monitoring is highly emphasized is that careful monitoring of the client is more likely to result in the client receiving services the worker has requested. In this manner, the worker can ensure the services the client is receiving coincides with the client’s intended goals....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Sex Offender Treatment: A Literature Review - The purpose of this literature review is to discuss the importance of sexual offender treatment, to compare and contrast research points regarding treatment, and to address the validity of the peer reviewed articles. Every year 6,000 sex offenders enter treatment (Waldram, 2008). Various therapeutic treatment options are offered, and the primary focus is to rehabilitate and change behavior. The body of research reveals different therapeutic treatment models and discusses the purpose and effectiveness of each model....   [tags: sex offender, cognitive behavioral therapy, recidi]
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Intersectionality in the Criminal Justice System - The criminal justice system is dynamic and has changed rapidly since the works of Cesare Beccaria and Cesare Lombroso during Enlightenment Period and this reflects in the issue of intersectionality with the changing approaches taken towards concepts of gender, race and class. Sexual assault will be a predominate study used throughout the essay to examine the different approaches and issues between traditional and non-traditional justices. This essay will first establish where are these intersectionalities found in terms of sexual assault cases and the challenges victims face in the legal process with traditional approaches then followed by a comparison to the transition towards non-tradition...   [tags: Gender, Race, Class]
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Substance Abuse Treatment and Proposition 36 - With California jails and prisons still struggling with finding a reform for non-violent drug offenders the states recidivism rates continue to reach unprecedented numbers. Between 1983 and 1998, drug admissions to state and federal prisons increased sixteen-fold, from over 10,000 drug admissions in 1983 to almost 167,000 new prison entries for drug offenses in 1998 (Worrall et al, 2009). This has been a direct result of our legal system incarcerating offenders who have substance abuse related issues instead of providing a way for treatment or rehabilitation outside of incarceration....   [tags: California Proposition 36]
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Rehabilitation of the Felony Offender - In 2009 nearly three quarters of a million offenders were released from prisons and jails in the United States, and it is estimated that roughly half of them will reoffend within three years of being released and will return to prison (Katel 1005). Most of these individuals, who are non-violent, low-level offenders, have little education, job experience, limited social skills and a drug or alcohol dependence (May and Pitts 21). That coupled with the fact they have a criminal record, reduces their chances of finding suitable housing or a decent job....   [tags: criminal justice]
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Economics of Crime: Capital Punishment - Introduction Capital punishment was an ancient penalty. This has incurred many argues since 18th century. The focal points are ‘value of life’ and ethical concerns. Besides, the economics analysis also is important, which focuses on the effects and efficiency of capital punishment. In the article, the anterior part indicates the supporting reasons of death penalty, the posterior part indicates the cons. Support Reason Deterrence of punishment Becker (1968), first of all, assumes that the crime is bad which incurs social loss, it should be deterred, death penalty is the severest punishment, and potential criminals are normal individuals....   [tags: Capital Punishment, Death Penalty]
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Arguments For and against Waiver - The process of transferring juveniles to adult courts has shown no effects on decreasing recidivism or a deterrent outcome. Waiver as it is known has three means by which a juvenile can be transferred to an adult court. Judicial waiver offenses, statutory exclusions, and concurrent jurisdiction are the three methods in which a waiver can occur. This research will describe each one of these methods with detail. It will also provide statistical facts showing why waiver can be a very debatable topic within the juvenile criminal justice system....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Limiting Sexual Deviance by Castration - Castration is one of the options that has been put forward as a type of punishment/treatment for convicted sex offenders. Castration can be divided into two separate categories: chemical or surgical. Surgical castration is the removal of a man’s testicles, for the purpose of lowing his testosterone levels, leading to lower levels of sexual desires (Stone et al., 2000). Chemical castration is an injection of an antidrogenic, which works to inhibit the brain from producing hormones that stimulate the testicles to produce testosterone (Harrison, 2008, Stone et al., 2000)....   [tags: Sex Crimes]
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Alternative Sentencing: Money Well Spent - Florida is losing the war on drugs though financial attrition. The economic impact of substance abuse in Florida is estimated to be roughly 6% of the state’s gross domestic product (Miami 20). One contributor is the myopic view by a judicial system that chooses to impose harsh criminal penalties, including incarceration, on non-violent offenders with minor possession charges. Increasing budgetary constraints, leading to fewer available resources, contrast harshly with the rapidly growing substance abuse....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Alternative Sentencing: Money Well Spent - Florida is losing the war on drugs though financial attrition. The economic impact of substance abuse in the Sunshine State is estimated to be roughly 6% of the state’s gross domestic product (Miami 20). Contributing to the problem is the myopic view of a judicial system that chooses to impose harsh criminal penalties, including incarceration, on non-violent offenders with minor possession charges. Increasing budgetary constraints, leading to fewer available resources, contrast harshly with the rapidly growing substance abuse....   [tags: Law Enforcement ]
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Mandatory Minimum Sentences in Canada - Introduction This paper will be focusing on the controversial issue of mandatory minimum sentences in Canada. There has been much debate over this topic, as it has quickly become implemented for the sentencing of drug offenders, drug-related crimes and banned firearm offences. I will argue that every case that comes through the criminal justice system is different and deserves a fair trial with a sentence that is not already determined for them. There have been many cases where the judge has no discretion in the sentence due to the mandatory minimum sentences pre-determined for the case, no matter what the aggravating or mitigating factors were....   [tags: firearms, criminal justice system, prison, trial]
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Increased Population of Prisons - Overcrowded prisons and improper punishment systems are enormous social issues for our government. The United States has seen steady growth in its prisons. A projected increment in seen due to “get-tough” policies that locks up offenders for longer sentences (Ohlemacher, 2007, para. 1). The correction system had been through various phases of transformation, and the government had been tough on crime; this approach had resulted in rising prison populations. There are many factors that cause overcrowding prisons in the United States....   [tags: Criminal Justice] 1612 words
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Problem-Solving Criminal Justice Initiative - Problem-solving Criminal Justice Initiative We can all agree that an important goal of the American criminal justice system is rehabilitation. It expects that most, if not all, offenders to learn from his or her wrongdoing and become productive members of society (Ballenstedt, 2008). It is this thinking at the heart of a community-based initiative that is designed to bring law enforcement officials together to form a single concerted effort to identify and address patterns of crime, mitigate the underlying conditions that fuel crime, and engage the community as an active partner (Wolf, Prinicples of Problem-Solving Justice, 2007)....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Youth and Substance Abuse - There are many contributing factors and political issues that address substance abuse. Throughout the years, many researchers have designed many interventions and social policies designed to treat people who have used, abused, and became addicted to substances. Today, there are many new studies that address substance abuse at the individual, group, family, and community or policy levels. Today, there are many services that are effective for decreasing recidivism in youth who have completed a substance abuse program....   [tags: Drug Addiction Essays]
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