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Your search returned 173 essays for "recidivism":
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Juvenile Recidivism - ... This study was designed to focus on the similarities and differences among male and female risk factors. This process supported the hypothesis that there are some unique and some common indicators predicting recidivism for males and females. “There were 15 common indicators across genders, including; monitoring, boundaries/roles, self-effectiveness, anger management, self control, types of crime, running away, youth's alcohol use, youth's drug use, peer influence, peers' substance use, educational goals, current attendance, suspensions, and sexual activity....   [tags: delinquency, rehabilitation, Risks Assessment]
:: 9 Works Cited
3195 words
(9.1 pages)
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Is Recidivism Inevitable? - Prisons are intended not only to hold prisoners, but, also to rehabilitate them and turn them into productive members of society. Though it seems prisons are not doing their job correctly, most prisons, either due to budget constraints or corrupt officers, do not try to rehabilitate them. They serve their time and then are thrown back into the world worse criminals than before. The prison system, in its current form, is flawed. It is nearly impossible to truly rehabilitate someone after prison time....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 6 Works Cited
893 words
(2.6 pages)
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Reducing Recidivism - Reducing Recidivism Education and vocational skills are mandatory in life. Education factors all aspects of life. Without a proper education one is limited to basic life rewards. Not to say that money is the only reason for an education, but it seems to be the force that drives offenders to keep offending. If one does not possess a basic education then the next best thing would be vocational training. Vocational training is an excellent way for some of the low educated people to get out of the life that put them in prison and to achieve a positive position in society....   [tags: Papers] 614 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Death Penalty, A Reason for Recidivism - The legal definition of the death penalty is a sentence of execution for the crime including murder and some other capital crimes; serious crimes, especially murder, which are punishable by death. The earliest proof of the death penalty dates back to the Eighteenth Century B.C. in the Code of King Hammurabi of Babylon in which 25 crimes were codified. In 1972, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the death penalty was cruel and unusual punishment, and stated in the eighth amendment would mean it was unconstitutional....   [tags: capital punishment, death penalty]
:: 9 Works Cited
921 words
(2.6 pages)
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Role of Prisons in Reducing Recidivism - Role of Prisons in Reducing Recidivism The role of prisons and prison wardens in reducing recidivism is a major concern today. With programs initialized in the prison systems, recidivism rates still have stayed about the same for forty years. Almost two-thirds of prisoners will be arrested after their release, and of those, half will return to prison for a new crime. The obstacle faced by professionals to change behavior is a multi-layered complex problem that needs to be addressed in our society today....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Argument Essays]
:: 1 Sources Cited
544 words
(1.6 pages)
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Recidivism of Sex Offenders - Recidivism of Sex Offenders Sex offenders have been a serious problem for our legal system at all levels, not to mention those who have been their victims. There are 43,000 inmates in prison for sexual offenses while each year in this country over 510,000 children are sexually assaulted(Oakes 99). The latter statistic, in its context, does not convey the severity of the situation. Each year 510,000 children have their childhood's destroyed, possibly on more than one occasion, and are faced with dealing with the assault for the rest of their lives....   [tags: Papers Sexual Abuse Children Essays]
:: 8 Works Cited
2502 words
(7.1 pages)
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Recidivism Rates of Paroled Domestic Violence Offenders - Domestic violence is a learned behavior and pattern which is often caused by an interaction of situational and individual factors. The offender may have learned violence by seeing someone else being abused often or they may have been victims themselves. Because domestic violence is also a pattern, most offenders are arrested on subsequent domestic violence charges within a year after the conclusion of their previos conviction. Most states provide pre and post release treatment programs to help paroled offenders convicted of domestic violence....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
:: 7 Works Cited
853 words
(2.4 pages)
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Criminals and Society: The Battle Between Reintegration and Recidivism - ABSTRACT: This research paper is focused on released convicts and the struggles they face to become active, progressive members of society. Sadly, these released offenders regularly face discrimination in their job searches, in attempts to secure housing for themselves and their families, and to be accepted by their communities. Without the right support structures in place upon their release, these former prisoners may very well fall back into lives of crime. Without a suitable place to stay, these released offenders may become recidivists, falling back into their familiar roles as law breakers, if only to provide the basic necessities for themselves and their families....   [tags: Criminal Justice Released Prisoner Convict Crime]
:: 2 Works Cited :: 9 Sources Cited
3252 words
(9.3 pages)
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Three Strikes Law - Three Strikes Law Recidivism is a tendency to relapse into a former pattern of behavior or a tendency to return to criminal behavior. Many studies have been conducted about criminals who begin with petty crimes (misdemeanors) that repeat the same crimes or graduate to serious crimes (felonies). The fear of repeat offenders and the increase of recidivism ignited the federal and state governments to seek harsher ways to protect citizens’ safety. Mike Reynolds a photographer whose daughter, Kimber, was murdered in1992 during a purse snatching incident introduced the Three Strikes Law in 1993....   [tags: Law, Recidivism, Career Criminals ] 1750 words
(5 pages)
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Juvenile Boot Camps Do Not Reduce Juvenile Delinquency - ... This was in part because of overzealous judges who sentenced myriads of youth to boot camps in place of other probationary measures (Ravenell, 2002). In addition to the failure to significantly cut costs, boot camps were receiving negative publicity over the extreme punishments that they often enforced against misbehaving youth (Ravenell, 2002). Camp operators insisted that, “Strict discipline, physical training, drill and ceremony, military bearing and courtesy, physical labor, and summary punishment for minor misconduct” (Ravenell, 2002, p....   [tags: Boot Camps Do Not Reduce Recidivism]
:: 7 Works Cited
2996 words
(8.6 pages)
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Chemical Castration and Physical Castration - A Critical Analysis of the Effects of Chemical Castration and Physical Castration on the Recidivism Rates of Sex Offenders Introduction This paper examines the effects of chemical castration and physical castration on the recidivism rates of sex offenders. Using theory integration or the multifactor approach, the findings reveal there are several factors influencing sex offender recidivism. Both chemical castration and physical castration have the potential to reduce the recidivism rates of sex offenders by lowering testosterone levels, diminishing sexual urges, and making sexual urges more controllable if the sexual urges are motivated by increased testosterone levels....   [tags: Recidivism of Sex Offenders]
:: 20 Sources Cited
4610 words
(13.2 pages)
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The Recidivism Rate of Juvenile Sex Offenders between Uses of Legal Sentencing as Adults or Utilizing Psychological Treatment - The Recidivism Rate of Juvenile Sex Offenders between Uses of Legal Sentencing as Adults or Utilizing Psychological Treatment It is typically thought that sex offenders are the type of individual that needs to be tried in our courts and then sentenced because there is really no hope for an individual that harms the most innocent of our society. But there just may be an exception to this way of thinking. Juveniles who at one point themselves may have been victims, and as they have grown into adolescence not knowing why they are thinking the way they are, turn around and abuse others....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 8 Works Cited
2292 words
(6.5 pages)
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Efficacy of Rehabilitative Programs - Criminal justice programs around the world face various challenges especially in rehabilitating the behavior of inmates within correctional facilities. The purpose of this research paper will be to assess the various issues that exist in rehabilitative programs within prison systems. Basically, rehabilitation programs are used to correct and rehabilitate criminal offenders so that they can emerge as useful members of society once they complete their prison sentences. Some of the rehabilitation programs that are commonly used to reform inmates include counseling, health and fitness programs, transcendental meditation, academic programs and religious programs....   [tags: Correctional Programs, rehabilitating inmates] 2169 words
(6.2 pages)
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Prisoners Normative Reintegration into Society - Normative reintegration into society and the resocialization of released prisoners has long been a prominent problem in society. With recidivism rates in the United States upwards of 69% it is quite clear that released prisoners are having difficulty readjusting and returning to normative lives in society (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2008). Prison aims to serve retribution, incapacitate, deter, and rehabilitate offenders, but much of the research on recidivism rates criticize the idea that “prison works” (Dhami, 2006)....   [tags: Social Issues, Animal Therapy Programs] 1706 words
(4.9 pages)
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The Pros of Employment for Ex-Cons - The Pros of Employment for Ex-Cons In the last thirty years the crime rate in the United States has decreased, but the number of people incarcerated has increased because longer minimum sentences and stricter requirements for parole have been established. Offenders serve longer prison sentences that lead to a variety of employment-related barriers to overcome after release (Bracey 253). In the State of Nebraska, ex-offenders find little help when searching for employment. On the Department of Correction’s website, the mission statement reads, The mission of the Department of Correctional Services is to serve and protect the public by providing control, humane care, and program opportunities for those individuals placed in its custody and supervision, thereby facilitating their return to society as responsible persons (“Nebraska” par 1)....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 12 Works Cited
1835 words
(5.2 pages)
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Will Work for Room and Board: Prison Labor in America - American prisoners receive free medical attention, housing, meals, utilities, use of exercise equipment, and laundry services. The cost of these services amount in the billions of dollars a year and government budgets are straining to accommodate these fiscal requirements. “There’s special urgency in prisons these days,” “As state budgets get constricted, the public is looking for ways to offset the cost of imprisonment” (Brown). This economic concern requires work programs to aid in the relief of financial burdens incurred from convicted criminals....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 5 Works Cited
1473 words
(4.2 pages)
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Is Drug Treatment a Viable Alternative to Prison Time? - Prisons and county jails are extremely over populated, so over populated that in some jails inmates are sleeping on the floors. According to Senator Jeanne Shaheen (From Senator Jeanne Shaheen: Prison Overcrowding, 2011), the federal prisons are currently 35 percent over their capacity. The overcrowding is costing the criminal justice system and taxpayers more money to transfer inmates to other facilities and in lawsuits brought by inmates against the prisons. With the prisons and county jails facing major overcrowding issues and drug treatment programs being a viable alternative to prison time, more states need to be implementing drug / treatment programs....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 8 Works Cited
1114 words
(3.2 pages)
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Multicultural Sex Offenders and Static-99 Scores - Sex crimes are one of the most serious problems in the United States today. The legal system is casual when it comes to punishing sex criminals with insufficiently short prison sentences that are further reduced by the option of parole. While sexual offenders comprise a sizable portion of U.S. prison inmates, they evoke an even greater portion of public concern, (Boccaccini, Murrie, Caperton, & Hawes, 2009). Most sex offenders are released back into society after serving as little as one- fourth of their prison sentence....   [tags: Sex Crimes, American Legal System, Social Issues] 1567 words
(4.5 pages)
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Exploring the Positive Punishment Effect Among Incarcerated Individuals - In a quantitative analysis of the effectiveness of incarceration of individuals in preventing crime and especially preventing those particular individuals from repeating crime, Peter Wood concluded that several different mechanisms may in fact contribute to recidivism. Wood acknowledges the work of others in the field that have noted that statistically the experience of being incarcerated increased the likelihood that an individual will commit future criminal behavior. He continues to note the hypotheses of other researchers that such counter-intuitive statistics could be explained by "a theory of defiance" whereby after an individual receives punishment that they feel is unjust or unfair they begin to develop a sense of defiance against the system which later can turn into criminal behavior....   [tags: Criminal Justice] 774 words
(2.2 pages)
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Criminal Justice Process - When a crime is committed against another person, then justice must be served to those who committed the crime. In some cases the crimes involve sexual attacks on grown adults while some offenses are against minors. In these examples the underling connection is the committed crimes of sexual abuse or sexual assault on adults and minors. When these crimes are brought before the justice system they are processed and the convicted are given a sentence to carry out but sometimes those sentences may not provide efficient time to produce the required outcome of correcting the individual or may be determined that there is no fixing the convicted disorder....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
:: 5 Works Cited
1089 words
(3.1 pages)
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Community Based Corrections: Viable Alternative to Incarceration - Community-based corrections alleviate overcrowded correctional facilities, reduce taxpayer burden, and rehabilitate offenders, while providing effective, efficient low cost methods of supporting public safety, community rehabilitation, behavior modification and personnel responsibility, because it uses multiple approaches and involves both legislative and judicial personnel in all steps of the process. Community-based corrections facilities are located in the community and support diverse rehabilitative programs including restitution, community service and repayment of monetary fines (Moses, 2007)....   [tags: legal reform, social reform, criminal justice]
:: 14 Works Cited
1689 words
(4.8 pages)
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Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies - Community corrections professionals use strategies to monitor sex offenders. The main three general categories of supervision are statutory mandates, treatment, and electronic monitoring devices. Due to the fact that sex offenders are the hardest to supervise, there needs to be effective strategies. This group is the hardest to supervise because a sexual act can occur at anytime and anywhere in a quick timeframe. Statutory Mandates The laws and sanctions that sex offenders must adhere to while under some type of community supervision, be it low or high risk level of recidivism, is to keep the community safe....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 4 Works Cited
1114 words
(3.2 pages)
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Rehabilitation - Walker cites the National Academy of Sciences stating that rehabilitation is “any planned intervention that reduces an offender’s further criminal activity (Walker 251).” Walker breaks down rehabilitation models into two groups, the new and the old groups. The new groups that Walker suggests may have some positive hope are reentry programs, and drug courts. The old groups include probation, parole, and other reintegration programs. Worrall has a similar definition of rehabilitation, stating that “rehabilitation consist of a planned intervention intended to change behavior (Worrall 40)....   [tags: Legal Issues, Drug Courts, Probation] 847 words
(2.4 pages)
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The Rise of America’s Prison Empire - When envisioning a prison, one often conceptualizes a grisly scene of hardened rapists and murderers wandering aimlessly down the darkened halls of Alcatraz, as opposed to a pleasant facility catering to the needs of troubled souls. Prisons have long been a source of punishment for inmates in America and the debate continues as to whether or not an overhaul of the US prison system should occur. Such an overhaul would readjust the focuses of prison to rehabilitation and incarceration of inmates instead of the current focuses of punishment and incarceration....   [tags: Analysis, Robert Perkinson, Alcatraz] 1930 words
(5.5 pages)
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Sexual Assault of Children - Introduction Sexual assault of children by adults is an epidemic that has reached significant proportion. According to Raymond Webster PhD, child sexual abuse “is typically defined as involving either actual physical or nonphysical contact experiences between a child and an adult in which the child is subjected to sexually based exploitation, humiliation, or degradation (Webster, 2004). “The sexual abuse and exploitation of children is one of the most vicious crimes conceivable, a violation of mankind’s most basic duty to protect the innocent, James T....   [tags: Sociology, Sexual Abuse]
:: 18 Works Cited
2042 words
(5.8 pages)
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Prison Overcrowding in California - ... In one case, an inmate was sentenced to life in prison trying to steal a pair of working gloves from Home Depot, and is serving a life sentence for it (Realignment AB 109, 2013). Another source of problem to prison overcrowding is the high recidivism rate. Without proper and sufficient funding to help inmates who were released out of prison to fit back into society, they find themselves back behind prison bars. Although California’s recidivism rate has decreased to at least 65%, California still has the highest recidivism rate in the nation (CDCR, 2013)....   [tags: proliferation, penal codes, effectiveness, budget]
:: 6 Works Cited
2361 words
(6.7 pages)
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Preventing Juvenile Delinquency - Preventing Juvenile Delinquency There is a saying that history often repeats itself. If this is a true saying, then society will have to deal with the complex issue of juveniles delinquents, who may eventually become adult criminals, as societies in time past dealt with the same conflict. Moreover, if this saying is true then the community in which juvenile delinquencies exist must have the tools necessary to divert the youth from crime. If one is to convert delinquent youth’s behavior, they need to be able to variegate the justice system in order to prevent juvenile delinquent recidivisms....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 7 Works Cited
2158 words
(6.2 pages)
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The Importance of Educating Jail and Prison Inmates - Summary This paper explores the benefits provided by educational programs in jails and prisons. Included are the reasons inmates need education in order to successfully reenter society once they are released and use the knowledge and skills they have learned to obtain a job in order to support themselves and their families. Also examined in the paper are the financial benefits of incorporating educational programs instead of cutting them, as well as the effect these programs play on the recidivism rate....   [tags: importance of education, 2015]
:: 5 Works Cited :: 3 Sources Cited
1886 words
(5.4 pages)
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Hate - Crime: The Price We Pay Today American correction facilities experience a crisis of epic proportions. United States prisons and jails house inmates in record numbers with no relief. This situation leads many to suggest that overcrowding in prisons constitutes an important issue facing American correction reform today. One way to deal with overcrowded prisons is to enforce the death penalty. According to David Davis, infliction of the death penalty for certain secular crimes, such as murder and robbery, associates historically with the rise of the modern state (23)....   [tags: essays research papers] 845 words
(2.4 pages)
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The Drug Problem and the Current Justice System - The Drug Problem and the Current Justice System The United States Correctional System is often challenged as to whether it wants to rehabilitate drug offenders or punish them, and because of this it mostly does neither. Even though drug abuse and drug trafficking are widely spread national issues, the mental, social, and economic costs of "healing" through incarceration are only making the "disease" worse. Never before have more prisoners been locked up on drug offenses than today. Mixed with the extremely high risks of today's prison environment, the concept of incarceration as punishment for drug offenders cannot be successful....   [tags: Argumentative Drugs Prison Legal] 1825 words
(5.2 pages)
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Corrections Programs of North Carolina and Oregon - Community corrections programs in the United States are founded upon the same principles of promoting public safety and security by housing any individual that has broken the laws established by society. However, while there are several similarities there are also several differences in each individual states correctional programs and philosophies. Consequently, those similarities and differences for the states of North Carolina and Oregon will be individually analyzed and explored. The state of North Carolina advocates its mission to be the protection and safety of its citizens throughout the state by providing viable alternatives and meaningful supervision to offenders placed in their custody....   [tags: Community Corrections Programs]
:: 2 Works Cited
811 words
(2.3 pages)
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An Offender Reentry Plan Will Keep the Citizens of Hawaii Safer. - The State of Hawaii utilizes the Hawaii Department of Public Safety to ensure public safety and security while living and working on the island paradise. It consists of three divisions the administration, corrections and law enforcement. The department receives an annual budget of 225 million dollars. The corrections division under the Department of Public Safety plays a key role in overseeing the management of jails and prisons. Part of its role is to fulfill its mission of implementing a successful offender reentry program for all incarcerated offenders....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
:: 12 Works Cited
1712 words
(4.9 pages)
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Is the Use of Castration Constitutional? - The issue of castration has many layers in terms of its use punitively. The biggest area of debate is the rate of success and if sex offender’s problem is physical or psychological. In addition, is the use of castration constitutional. Some people argue that compulsory castration is a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment and the Eighth Amendment. However, does the unconstitutional nature change when castration is voluntary and the decision is made by the offender. Moreover, does labeling castration as a treatment make it constitutional....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 4 Works Cited
1812 words
(5.2 pages)
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State and Federal objectives of punishment - For centuries governments have acted on behalf of society removing and punishing criminals with the goal of protecting its citizens. Criminals were arrested and locked-up in jails awaiting their sentencing. Once sentenced, they were publically humiliated, tortured, or killed. Early forms punishments were cruel and mostly focused on retribution. State and Federal objectives of punishment Today punishment is the most dominant correctional goal of both the state and federal government in response to criminality....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 3 Works Cited
1096 words
(3.1 pages)
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Incarcerated Offender Reentry Plan - Considering the cost of new programs, budget shortfalls and cutbacks the state of Hawaii is experiencing at this time, we ask. What benefits would the state incur by immediately implementing an incarcerated offender reentry plan. Additionally, we ask. How would the immediate implementation of an incarcerated offender reentry plan affect a community’s economy and security. Perhaps, to effectively consider the impact of these questions I will need to determine why there is a need to immediately implement an incarcerated offender reentry plan....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 3 Works Cited
638 words
(1.8 pages)
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castration - Should Chemical Castration be performed on Sex Offenders. Okay suppose your five-year-old daughter was brutally attacked and raped by a known sex offender, would you rather the offender to be sentenced to a few years in prison, only to get out and destroy another innocent victim’s life or have them chemically castrated. Chemical castration is the process of injecting male sex offenders’ female hormones to eliminate their sex drive. Honestly until someone is in the position; how can they say that it should or should not be performed on these offenders....   [tags: essays research papers] 1187 words
(3.4 pages)
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Juvenile Delinquency - BOOT CAMPS ARE A BAD ALTERNATIVE Boot Camps For Children are A Failure According To Substantial Media Research. Wilderness Therapy Treatment - A non-profit consumer protection information, health, safety, referral & education site. More Information: www.Wilderness-Therapy.Org E-mail: info@Wilderness-Therapy.Org Peter S. Canellos, Contributing Roporter, BOSTON GLOBE, April 30, 1989, PAGE: 29 SHERIFFS, LAWMAKERS EXPLORE ALTERNATIVES TO JAIL //acs-VT2000 At least one former supporter of boot camp has turned into a skeptic, however....   [tags: essays research papers] 1290 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Need for Expunging - The Need for Expunging Funk's article "Young and Arrestless: The Case Against Expunging Juvenile Arrest Records", makes a valid point for the need to reevaluate the current policy of expungment. Most states mandate that a juvenile's criminal record be sealed or destroyed once the person reaches 18 or 21, even if the person has raped or murdered someone. He states by "sealing the records" you impede the sentencing by judge's, effective law enforcement, and increase the risk to society. Funk assumes that juveniles will have the most to gain by having a clean record and the public will have the most to lose....   [tags: Papers] 376 words
(1.1 pages)
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Juvenile Courts - Serious crimes such as murder, burglary and rape have raised questions as to whether the young offenders should face severe punitive treatment or the normal punitive measures in juvenile courts. Many would prefer the juveniles given harsh punishment in order to discourage other young people from engaging in similar activities and to serve as a lesson to these particular offenders. However, results from previous studies indicate such punitive measures were neither successful nor morally acceptable....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
:: 4 Works Cited
902 words
(2.6 pages)
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Chemical Castration: The Benefits and Disadvantages Intrinsic to Injecting Male Pedophiliacs with Depo-Provera - Chemical Castration: The Benefits and Disadvantages Intrinsic to Injecting Male Pedophiliacs with Depo-Provera Marquita Mack Child molestation is a serious problem in the United States. The legal system is lenient with pedophiles, punishing them with insufficiently brief prison sentences that are further abbreviated by the option of parole. Some child molesters are released back into society after serving as little as one fourth of their prison-time (1). Recidivism is extremely high among child molesters; 75% are convicted more than once for sexually abusing young people (6)....   [tags: essays research papers] 982 words
(2.8 pages)
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Rehabilation of Prison Inmates - Prison inmates, are some of the most disturbed and unstable people in society. Most of the inmates have had too little discipline or too much, come from broken homes, and have no self-esteem. They are very insecure and are at war with themselves as well as with society. Most inmates did not learn moral values or learn to follow everyday norms. In order to rehabilitate criminals we must do more than just send them to prison. Of the 600,000 criminals that are released into society each year, 70% of them are re-arrested within 3 years of their release from prison (Cullen)....   [tags: essays research papers] 1235 words
(3.5 pages)
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Hope for Rehabilitation for Institutionalized Youth Offenders - missing works cited “You do the crime, you pay the time,” is a common phrase uttered throughout our society in regard to juvenile delinquency. It has been suggested that a punitive response to the problem of youth violence in America is an effective means of solving the issue of youth crime, and would also deter future offenders. As a result, the existence of rehabilitation strategies within the system available to offenders is under threat. A harsh and punitive response to youth violence was, in part, brought about by a moral panic across America....   [tags: Essays Papers Juvenile Delinquency] 4620 words
(13.2 pages)
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Traditional and Non-Traditional Methods of Sentencing - Prisons are designed to confine individuals convicted of committing crimes. These facilities are used to rehabilitate offenders while keeping them isolated from the community so they can do no more harm to law abiding citizens. The goal of jails and prisons are to simply keep offenders from committing more crimes while encouraging them to become productive members of society. Traditional forms of corrections consist of prison time, restitution, probation or parole. However, there are some non-traditional methods as well such as alternative sentencing....   [tags: Crime] 878 words
(2.5 pages)
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Increased Population of Prisons - Overcrowded prisons and improper punishment systems are enormous social issues for our government. The United States has seen steady growth in its prisons. A projected increment in seen due to “get-tough” policies that locks up offenders for longer sentences (Ohlemacher, 2007, para. 1). The correction system had been through various phases of transformation, and the government had been tough on crime; this approach had resulted in rising prison populations. There are many factors that cause overcrowding prisons in the United States....   [tags: Criminal Justice] 1612 words
(4.6 pages)
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Rehabilitation of the Felony Offender - In 2009 nearly three quarters of a million offenders were released from prisons and jails in the United States, and it is estimated that roughly half of them will reoffend within three years of being released and will return to prison (Katel 1005). Most of these individuals, who are non-violent, low-level offenders, have little education, job experience, limited social skills and a drug or alcohol dependence (May and Pitts 21). That coupled with the fact they have a criminal record, reduces their chances of finding suitable housing or a decent job....   [tags: criminal justice]
:: 3 Works Cited
1470 words
(4.2 pages)
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Economics of Crime: Capital Punishment - Introduction Capital punishment was an ancient penalty. This has incurred many argues since 18th century. The focal points are ‘value of life’ and ethical concerns. Besides, the economics analysis also is important, which focuses on the effects and efficiency of capital punishment. In the article, the anterior part indicates the supporting reasons of death penalty, the posterior part indicates the cons. Support Reason Deterrence of punishment Becker (1968), first of all, assumes that the crime is bad which incurs social loss, it should be deterred, death penalty is the severest punishment, and potential criminals are normal individuals....   [tags: Capital Punishment, Death Penalty]
:: 6 Works Cited
1843 words
(5.3 pages)
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Problem-Solving Criminal Justice Initiative - Problem-solving Criminal Justice Initiative We can all agree that an important goal of the American criminal justice system is rehabilitation. It expects that most, if not all, offenders to learn from his or her wrongdoing and become productive members of society (Ballenstedt, 2008). It is this thinking at the heart of a community-based initiative that is designed to bring law enforcement officials together to form a single concerted effort to identify and address patterns of crime, mitigate the underlying conditions that fuel crime, and engage the community as an active partner (Wolf, Prinicples of Problem-Solving Justice, 2007)....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
:: 3 Works Cited
738 words
(2.1 pages)
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Arguments For and against Waiver - The process of transferring juveniles to adult courts has shown no effects on decreasing recidivism or a deterrent outcome. Waiver as it is known has three means by which a juvenile can be transferred to an adult court. Judicial waiver offenses, statutory exclusions, and concurrent jurisdiction are the three methods in which a waiver can occur. This research will describe each one of these methods with detail. It will also provide statistical facts showing why waiver can be a very debatable topic within the juvenile criminal justice system....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 8 Works Cited
928 words
(2.7 pages)
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Sex Offenders: To Castrate or Not To Castrate - The act of rape is arguably one of the worse crimes that can be committed against another person. In the last few years there has been much debate about whether sex offenders should be castrated either voluntarily or as a forced treatment. There are a number of arguments for and against chemical or surgical castration being implemented against known sex offenders. First it is important to explain the difference between surgical and chemical castration. Surgical castration is the removal of a man’s testicles, for the purpose of removing his reproductive abilities and to control the levels of testosterone being produced....   [tags: Sex Crimes]
:: 4 Works Cited
1117 words
(3.2 pages)
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Supervising Sex Offenders in the Community - There are many different strategies available to community corrections officials to best supervise individual sex offenders with different needs in the community. Each offender is an individual and requires personalized types of supervision as well as different treatments. Electronic monitoring has allowed for community corrections officials to monitor sex offenders in the community with personalized supervision plans. Near-real time monitoring of high risk offenders has been made available with active GPS while lower risk offenders are supervised with passive GPS....   [tags: Sex Crimes]
:: 6 Works Cited
1159 words
(3.3 pages)
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Limiting Sexual Deviance by Castration - Castration is one of the options that has been put forward as a type of punishment/treatment for convicted sex offenders. Castration can be divided into two separate categories: chemical or surgical. Surgical castration is the removal of a man’s testicles, for the purpose of lowing his testosterone levels, leading to lower levels of sexual desires (Stone et al., 2000). Chemical castration is an injection of an antidrogenic, which works to inhibit the brain from producing hormones that stimulate the testicles to produce testosterone (Harrison, 2008, Stone et al., 2000)....   [tags: Sex Crimes]
:: 8 Works Cited
1272 words
(3.6 pages)
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Juvenile Justice - The juvenile courts were put into place on the principle that courts should give children special treatment due to their innocence and dependency (Caldwell, 1961). This stemmed from rigid common law in England and its failure to deliver equitable sentencing to deserving children. Through the juvenile courts the king could act like a father to his countrymen by exercising guardianship over minors and thus given special protection, called parens patriae. Children also exhibit innocence and therefore were thought to be incapable of having criminal intent through age seven and incapable of committing a crime through age fourteen....   [tags: Legal Issues, Family Courts] 648 words
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Deterrence, Rational and Restorative Justice Theories - This paper will illustrate three theories; deterrence theory, rational choice theory, and restorative justice theory. It will outline in detail the policies, and the connections between theory, research, and policy. Deterrence theory can be outlined as “principles of certainty, severity, and celerity of punishment, proportionality, specific and general deterrence” (Burke, 2009). In order for the punishment to be effective it has to be certain, swift, severe. Certainty is more important than the severity in deterring crime....   [tags: Legal Issues, Crime, Punishment] 1896 words
(5.4 pages)
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Monitoring Cases Within the Correctional System - What is the purpose of monitoring. Do you feel that it is effectively done within the correctional system. Why or why not. Monitoring cases is important because the worker wants to ensure he or she documents that cases have been properly monitored, so that the agency can be reimbursed for the time spent on those cases. The reason monitoring is highly emphasized is that careful monitoring of the client is more likely to result in the client receiving services the worker has requested. In this manner, the worker can ensure the services the client is receiving coincides with the client’s intended goals....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Prison Education - Introduction In today’s society there are more people being incarcerated in America than ever before. “Today the U.S. incarceration rate is about seven times higher than the West European average and is approached only by rates in the penal systems”(WIlderman & Western, 2010, P. 2). Historically the prison has been viewed, as a place to incarcerate people who pose the greatest threat to society but with so many people being incarcerated is that really happening. More people have an increased risk of being incarcerated before the age of 35....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Alternative Sentencing: Money Well Spent - Florida is losing the war on drugs though financial attrition. The economic impact of substance abuse in Florida is estimated to be roughly 6% of the state’s gross domestic product (Miami 20). One contributor is the myopic view by a judicial system that chooses to impose harsh criminal penalties, including incarceration, on non-violent offenders with minor possession charges. Increasing budgetary constraints, leading to fewer available resources, contrast harshly with the rapidly growing substance abuse....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Alternative Sentencing: Money Well Spent - Florida is losing the war on drugs though financial attrition. The economic impact of substance abuse in the Sunshine State is estimated to be roughly 6% of the state’s gross domestic product (Miami 20). Contributing to the problem is the myopic view of a judicial system that chooses to impose harsh criminal penalties, including incarceration, on non-violent offenders with minor possession charges. Increasing budgetary constraints, leading to fewer available resources, contrast harshly with the rapidly growing substance abuse....   [tags: Law Enforcement ]
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Sex Offender Treatment: A Literature Review - The purpose of this literature review is to discuss the importance of sexual offender treatment, to compare and contrast research points regarding treatment, and to address the validity of the peer reviewed articles. Every year 6,000 sex offenders enter treatment (Waldram, 2008). Various therapeutic treatment options are offered, and the primary focus is to rehabilitate and change behavior. The body of research reveals different therapeutic treatment models and discusses the purpose and effectiveness of each model....   [tags: sex offender, cognitive behavioral therapy, recidi]
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Criminal Sentencing Purpose - Criminal Sentencing purpose There was once a Television show name “Berretta” and the show theme song said do not do crime if you cannot do the time. That is a true saying, one that should be on every criminal mind why they are committing a crime. Sentencing a criminal for crimes for which they have been convicted of is their due punishment according to the severity of the crime committed. The Courts have for centuries punished criminals according to the belief of the society in which the crime was committed....   [tags: Crime Criminal Justice]
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America’s Prisons and Their Effects On Society - Every civilization in history has had rules, and citizens who break them. To this day governments struggle to figure out the best way to deal with their criminals in ways that help both society and those that commit the crimes. Imprisonment has historically been the popular solution. However, there are many instances in which people are sent to prison that would be better served for community service, rehab, or some other form of punishment. Prison affects more than just the prisoner; the families, friends, employers, and communities of the incarcerated also pay a price....   [tags: law, police, goverment]
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Adolescent Crime a Result of Socioeconomic Instabilities - The overwhelming increase in crime during the mid-1980s through the early 1990s created a disenfranchisement that placed a great deal of pressure on the juvenile justice system. Pressure associated with increased levels of crime gears conservative believers in social responsibility to implement harsher punishments as an avenue for social protection. Conversely, liberally-minded individuals gravitate toward the social problems perspective, believing that rehabilitation is the only method adequate to protect society....   [tags: argumentative essay]
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Mandatory Minimum Sentences in Canada - ... Everyone has the right to a fair trial, where the background factors, mitigating factors (first offence, provoked, mental disorder, age) and aggravating factors (warnings, repeat violatoin, motivated by prejudice or hate) can be used to effect the outcome. But with the mandatory minimum sentences in place, the judge cannot take any action to let the mitigating or aggravating factors effect the case other than to make the sentence longer. There have been many cases where the judge was saddened by having to implement the MMS on a non-violent or innocent offender to not appear ‘soft’ on crime and to avoid inconsistency among sentences....   [tags: firearms, criminal justice system, prison, trial]
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Sex Offenders- Four Domains of Criminogenic Needs Assessment - ... However, it is reported that Jamie Wilson drove the victim to the end of her street, which contradicts that Jamie Wilson displays victim empathy deficits. It could be argued that if Jamie held victim empathy deficits, then the victim would have been abandoned. Lastly, Jamie Wilson displays ‘claim of benefit’ which is another attitude that supports for sexual offences which is defined as sexual offenders believing “children can, in fact, benefit from being sexually involved with adult partners” (O’Halloran & Quayle, 2010, p.78)....   [tags: Risk-Needs-Responsivitiy Model ]
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Forced Drug Testing is a Violation our Rights - In 1995, President Bill Clinton directed a universal pre-trail drug testing policy be implemental. Many feel this forced drug testing is an important addition to our criminal Justice System. On the other hand, there are those who feel that our privacy and confidentiality are being violated, that’s to include our Constitutional rights. Pretrial drug testing is based upon assumption, when we discuss assumptions, they can be defined better as well calculated guesses. The first viewpoint is the knowledge of the defendants drug use at the time of arrest....   [tags: Against Drug Testing] 408 words
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Megan's Law - Protection More Important than Privacy - Megan's Law - Protection More Important than Privacy In 1994, twice-convicted sex offender Jesse Timmendequas raped and murdered Megan Kanka, a seven-year old girl who lived across the street. In reaction to this emotionally-charged crime, Megan's home state of New Jersey ratified a community notification bill - dubbed "Megan's Law" - just three months later. This fall, a national version of the law went into effect, mandating that all fifty states notify citizens in writing of the presence of convicted sex offenders within their communities....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays] 743 words
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The Ignition Interlock for Drunk Drivers - The Ignition Interlock for Drunk Drivers The ignition interlock is a high tech system that eveuates the persons BAC (Blood Alcohol Content) to see if the individual has been drinking. The device works like a normal Breathalyzer. The device is mounted on the dashboard and in order for the car to start the individual must blow into the machine. The machine then evaluates the persons BAC and if that person shows no sign of alcohol use the car will start. If the results come back saying he has consumed alcohol the vehicle will not start....   [tags: essays research papers] 954 words
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Alternatives to Incarceration - In 1996, Anderson and Dyson published a study to investigate boot camp success and offender risk assessment for CRIPP (Court Regimented Intensive Probation Program) participants. This study was conducted on 1225 male boot camp graduates. Logistic regression was used to determine which participants were more likely to reoffend after boot camp. Independent variables were recoded for the logistical regression model analysis used in this study. The effect of a prior felony conviction increases the probability of failure by a significant 27%....   [tags: Sociology] 1994 words
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Ewing V. California/ Andrade V. California - A sample of inmates released during this period was drawn from a list obtained from the Florida Department of Correction, for a total sample of roughly 3,793 offenders. Careful attention was given to securing a representative sample from each offense group. The offenders chosen were released from public and private state prisons after expiration of their sentences. The centralized idea of this study was to determine the differentiation between public and private state prisons focusing on recidivism....   [tags: Law Case Studies] 1268 words
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Convictions of Adult Offenders in Canada - Convictions of Adult Offenders in Canada On Sept. 16, 1995, after fatally stabbing her husband as he slept, 19-year-old Jamie Tanis Gladue shrieked: "I got you...bastard." In addition to getting her husband, however, Mr. Gladue disregarded the rule of law. In the course of confirming Ms. Gladue's sentence of three years for manslaughter -- only six months of which were served behind bars -- the Supreme Court of Canada scolded the trial judge for not giving due attention to the killer's "Indianness." This ruling follows the guidelines within section 718.2(e) of the Criminal Code, stating that judges must pay "particular attention to the circumstances of aboriginal offenders." Thus Canada's top court gave its assent to legal prejudice by allowing the same offence to be punished differently depending on the ethnicity of the offender....   [tags: Papers] 734 words
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Circle Sentencing as Alternative Dispute Resolutions - Circle Sentencing as Alternative Dispute Resolutions While the restorative justice movement has risen in recent years, the idea of circle sentencing, or peacemaking circles has been practiced in indigenous cultures for quite some time. As we look at implementing traditional indigenous culture practices as alternative dispute resolutions, we need to realize the effectiveness and also whether we are ready to use them. The Yukon and other communities reintroduced circles in 1991 as a practice of the restorative justice movement (Bazemore, 1997, p.27)....   [tags: Papers] 1239 words
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The Scared Straight Program - The Scared Straight Program The recent media obsession with the scared straight program, juvenile boot camps and other scare tactics has lead to the question as to whether they actually are beneficial or not in treating adolescent criminal recidivism. On television programs like Maury (Pauvich) the answer to treating the troubled young girls who are brought to the show is boot camp. Those in charge take these girls to prisons, dangerous streets at night and often morgues to make a visual argument as to where they will end up as a result of the path they've taken....   [tags: Papers] 1537 words
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Abolishing the Death Penalty in Louisiana - Capital Punishment Capital punishment should be abolished in Louisiana in order to optimize rehabilitation methods and increase spending in more important areas of the state budget. One alternative to the death penalty is rehabilitation. Prisons in Louisiana should not be viewed solely as confinement for inmates, but as a last resort for those looking to make serious life changes, even if they are condemned to life in prison. Since prisons are rapidly reaching maximum capacity, the government should really be looking to reform its current statutes to provide a rehabilitation center for criminals and provide a safer environment for all involved in the prison system....   [tags: essays research papers] 539 words
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Solving the Foreclosure Crisis: Renting to Re-Own as an Option for Homeowners and Lenders - As the foreclosure crisis in the United States continues to spiral, increasing attention is being given to novel and creative solutions for reducing the risk of mortgage default. The Obama administration has proposed several government-backed programs to help homeowners stay in their homes, and private lenders have tried various approaches to stabilize the economic situation. To date, none of the enacted efforts has substantially improved the crisis, and as such the number of homeowners filing for bankruptcy and entering foreclosure continues to mount....   [tags: Foreclosures, Renting]
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The Process of Opening a Halfway House - There are elements that should be considered in having a winning business proposal. These elements include Solutions, Benefits, Credibility & Samples and Targeted. Solution includes stating the needs and problems that could or would occur then one would give solutions that one could be implemented. Benefits would include an outlined plan as to what benefits to be gained in doing business with this particular halfway house. Credibility and Sample is having a familiarity with clients in the area or having had a previous experience that can give a third-party endorsement that will give one the credibility....   [tags: management, planning] 1398 words
(4 pages)
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Is Restorative Justice More Appropriate in Dealing With Young Offenders Than Conventional Criminal Justice? - This essay aims to make clear the system of restorative justice and its aims towards youth offending, whilst arguing points for and against the current system and whether or not it is more appropriate in terms of dealing with youth offending. It will also define restorative justice as well as defining what is meant by conventional justice. Making clear how and why these two systems came to be a part of youth justice whilst concluding as to which if either is more appropriate in dealing with youth offending behaviour....   [tags: Restorative Justice, Ideas, Values, Debates]
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Employment For Former Prisoners - Former prisoners face larger barriers because US current policies are preventing or decreasing their chance of obtaining certain jobs that will dominate the market in the next twenty years. “According to the U.S. Department of Justice, nearly every person in jail, and 95 percent of state prison inmates, will someday be released; however, about 68% may return to prison” (goodwill). Former incarcerated individuals are often ineligible to obtain any financial assistance that will allow them to enroll in post-secondary institutions, which is required by many high demand industries....   [tags: Transitional Jobs] 2564 words
(7.3 pages)
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Preparing Disabled Students For the Job Market - Looking at the results in New Jersey, which is similar to the national results, Whites are more likely to enroll in AP classes, yet, Asians are more likely to pass these exams and earn college credit. Black and Hispanic represent the smallest percentage that enroll in challenging courses, but Blacks have the lowest percentage passing rate among all groups. Below chart shows that a majority in every group completes high school, yet, Blacks and Hispanics is less likely to get a diploma compared to their White and Asian counterparts....   [tags: special Education, learning disabilities] 946 words
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The Potential Transformative Power of Education in American Prisons - For those whose lives are the most controlled and exploited by systems of domination, the potential for a critical re-imagining of pedagogy is an unknown myth of academia. Philosophers and college students extol the transformative potential of education. Rarely, however, do their accolades manifest as tangible action in the ghettoes, slums, and cities of America. Nevertheless, these archetypal zones of exclusion have seen their share of new educational movements. Magnet and charter schools, increased community involvement, and innovative extracurricular programs all carry significant potential for breaking past the omnipresent economic boundaries which masquerade as intellectual impasses....   [tags: criminal science, criminal justice]
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Problematic California Prison System - California has one of the most dysfunctional and problematic prison system in US. Over the last 30 years, California prison increased eightfolds (201). California Department of Correctional and Rehabilitation (CDCR) does little to reform prisoners and serve as human warehouse rather than a correction institution. California's prison system fails the people it imprisons and society it tries to protect. In many cases, California's prison system exacerbates the pre-existing problems and aids in the formation of new problems for prisoners....   [tags: Criminal Justice] 864 words
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The California Three-Stike Law - Officially known as Habitual offender laws; “Three Strikes” laws have become common place in 29 states(Chern) within the United States and the Federal Court system; these laws have been designed to counter criminal recidivism by incapacitation through the prison system. The idea behind the laws were to maximize the criminal justice systems deterrent and selective incapacitation effect, under this deterrence theory individuals would be dissuaded from committing criminal activity by the threat of state imposed incarceration....   [tags: Three Strikes Sentencing Laws]
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