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Your search returned 288 essays for "recidivism":
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Juvenile Offenders Recidivism and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy - According to the National Institute of Justice, recidivism is one of the most fundamental concepts in criminal justice. The NIJ defines recidivism as a person’s relapse into criminal behavior, often after receiving sanctions or undergoing intervention for a previous crime. Recidivism is often utilized in evaluating prisons effectiveness in crime control. Reducing recidivism is crucial for probation, parole and to the correctional system overall. Literature Review “There is no single cognitive-behavioral method or theory” a quote by McGuire, quoted by Pearson and Lipton et al....   [tags: Recidivism of Juvenile Offenders]
:: 4 Works Cited
2841 words
(8.1 pages)
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Recidivism of Sex Offenders - Sex offenders have been a serious problem for our legal system at all levels, not to mention those who have been their victims. There are 43,000 inmates in prison for sexual offenses while each year in this country over 510,000 children are sexually assaulted(Oakes 99). The latter statistic, in its context, does not convey the severity of the situation. Each year 510,000 children have their childhood's destroyed, possibly on more than one occasion, and are faced with dealing with the assault for the rest of their lives....   [tags: Adult Sex Offender Recidivism]
:: 8 Works Cited
2497 words
(7.1 pages)
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Is Recidivism Inevitable? - Prisons are intended not only to hold prisoners, but, also to rehabilitate them and turn them into productive members of society. Though it seems prisons are not doing their job correctly, most prisons, either due to budget constraints or corrupt officers, do not try to rehabilitate them. They serve their time and then are thrown back into the world worse criminals than before. The prison system, in its current form, is flawed. It is nearly impossible to truly rehabilitate someone after prison time....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 6 Works Cited
893 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Link Between Literacy and Recidivism - The website, literacy.kent.edu describes literacy as “ being able to read and write at a level to be successful in today's world and also being proficient at math, knowing how to use technology, and knowing how to solve problems and make decisions.”(par. 1). So how do prisoners acquire these skills while they are incarnated away from the world. This is where literacy programs such as Literature-N-Living in Florida and Storybook Project come into play. Although these literacy programs seem minor to the world they are important to prison inmates, juvenile offenders and their community because studies show it can lead to reduced recidivism, positive attitude changes, and even enhance the priso...   [tags: Literacy Essays]
:: 9 Works Cited
1697 words
(4.8 pages)
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Juvenile Recidivism in the US - ... Predicting recidivism in juvenile delinquents: the role of mental health diagnoses and the qualification of conclusions by race. Case Histories and Shorter Communications , 33(1), 63-67. Muncie, J. (1999). Institutionalized intolerance: Youth justice and the 1998 crime and disorder act. Critical Social Policy, 19(2), 147-175. Archwamety , T., & Katsiyannis, A. (2000). Academic remediation, parole violations, and recidivism rates among delinquent youths . Remedial and Special Education , 21(3), 161-170....   [tags: England, Juvenile Treatment]
:: 25 Works Cited
773 words
(2.2 pages)
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The Death Penalty, A Reason for Recidivism - The legal definition of the death penalty is a sentence of execution for the crime including murder and some other capital crimes; serious crimes, especially murder, which are punishable by death. The earliest proof of the death penalty dates back to the Eighteenth Century B.C. in the Code of King Hammurabi of Babylon in which 25 crimes were codified. In 1972, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the death penalty was cruel and unusual punishment, and stated in the eighth amendment would mean it was unconstitutional....   [tags: capital punishment, death penalty]
:: 9 Works Cited
921 words
(2.6 pages)
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What Works in Reducing Recidivism - A long-term study conducted by Bureau of Justice Statistics found that the average five-year recidivism rates of 404,638 prisoners released in 2005 is 76.6% among thirty states in America (Matthew, Alexia, & Howard, 2014, p. 1). In other words, most of the released prisoners did not escape the cycle of recidivism and were sent back to the prison after time. This indicates that the present American justice system, which focuses on punishment as Benson (2003) noted, fails to rehabilitate prisoners efficiently and is far from achieving the goal of reducing crime rates (p....   [tags: rehabilitate prisoners, Re-offenders]
:: 17 Works Cited
2397 words
(6.8 pages)
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Recidivism in American Women - Recidivism in American Women Very little work has focused on studying recidivism by offenders after punishment and how prevention measures may improve recidivism rates and affect cooperation. “National recidivism rates are at an estimated amount of 73% and of the whole jail population 42.5% are women” (Berenji, 2014, p.131). As you can see about half of the inhabitants of the jails are women; so recidivism is an ongoing issue that needs to be solved. Recidivism is a growing distress in the U.S today, not only with men but women as well....   [tags: jail, prison, punishment, diversion program]
:: 6 Works Cited
1953 words
(5.6 pages)
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Juvenile Recidivism - Introduction: Recidivism or, habitual relapses into crime, has time and time again proven to be an issue among delinquents, which thereby increases the overall juvenile prison population. This issue has become more prevalent than what we realize. Unless a unit for measuring a juvenile’s risk of recidivism is enacted and used to determine a system to promote effective prevention, than the juvenile prison population will continue to increase. Our court system should not only focus on punishing the said juvenile but also enforce a program or policy that will allow for prevention of recidivism....   [tags: delinquency, rehabilitation, Risks Assessment]
:: 9 Works Cited
3195 words
(9.1 pages)
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The Benefits of Rehabilitation Programs for Reducing Recidivism - Literature Review Introduction Recidivism refers to the tendency of reversion to criminal activities of the released inmates. It is measured by the frequency with which released offenders return to incarceration for new crimes. The rates reflect on the effectiveness of instituted programs that focus on integrating the released offenders into the society (Schmalleger, 2007). When the rates are healthy, it means that the programs in place are doing well in helping the offender restrain from criminal activities....   [tags: criminal, emplyment, education] 2497 words
(7.1 pages)
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Post-Secondary Education Effects on Recidivism - This paper will argue that post-secondary education is the most effective method of rehabilitation in American prisons. Education is not only cost-effective; it also has proven long-lasting effects on recidivism, employment, and personal growth. The majority of offenders in the American prison system are non-violent perpetrators, many of whom lack the resources for post-secondary education. By providing easily accessible education, offenders will have greater job prospects upon release and an improved sense of morality in connection to social values....   [tags: rehabilitation, American prisons, literacy]
:: 7 Works Cited
1493 words
(4.3 pages)
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Role of Prisons in Reducing Recidivism - Role of Prisons in Reducing Recidivism The role of prisons and prison wardens in reducing recidivism is a major concern today. With programs initialized in the prison systems, recidivism rates still have stayed about the same for forty years. Almost two-thirds of prisoners will be arrested after their release, and of those, half will return to prison for a new crime. The obstacle faced by professionals to change behavior is a multi-layered complex problem that needs to be addressed in our society today....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Argument Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
544 words
(1.6 pages)
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Recidivism or Repeat Offendors of Crime is Too High - Recidivism is the synonym for relapse. It is the act of a person repeating a crime after they have either experienced negative consequences from the offense, or after they have been treated for the crime. Recidivism is an important factor when it comes to the following community based correction vocabulary terms: Incapacitation, which is the prevention of crime by removing the offender from society, specific deterrence, the term used when a sanction stops people from committing future crimes similar in nature, and rehabilitation, the process that seeks to restore a patient to their previous state of mental and physical health....   [tags: prison, rehabilitation, punishment] 1136 words
(3.2 pages)
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Recidivism in the United States Criminal Justice System - Recidivism in the United States Criminal Justice System An ongoing and increasingly evident issue in the criminal justice system is how convicted individuals reenter society with little or no gradual process. These individuals often resort back to criminal activity in an act termed recidivism. According to the National institute of Justice(NIJ), recidivism “refers to a person’s relapse into criminal behavior, often after the person receives sanctions or undergoes intervention for a previous crime” (National Institute of Justice, 2012)....   [tags: criminal behavior, imprisonment]
:: 4 Works Cited
1215 words
(3.5 pages)
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Recidivism Rates of Paroled Domestic Violence Offenders - Domestic violence is a learned behavior and pattern which is often caused by an interaction of situational and individual factors. The offender may have learned violence by seeing someone else being abused often or they may have been victims themselves. Because domestic violence is also a pattern, most offenders are arrested on subsequent domestic violence charges within a year after the conclusion of their previos conviction. Most states provide pre and post release treatment programs to help paroled offenders convicted of domestic violence....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
:: 7 Works Cited
853 words
(2.4 pages)
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Reducing Recidivism - Reducing Recidivism Education and vocational skills are mandatory in life. Education factors all aspects of life. Without a proper education one is limited to basic life rewards. Not to say that money is the only reason for an education, but it seems to be the force that drives offenders to keep offending. If one does not possess a basic education then the next best thing would be vocational training. Vocational training is an excellent way for some of the low educated people to get out of the life that put them in prison and to achieve a positive position in society....   [tags: Papers] 614 words
(1.8 pages)
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Identifying Factors that Lead to High Recidivism Rates Among Juvenile Delinquents - The purpose of this research paper is to identify factors that lead to high recidivism rates among juvenile delinquents. The factors found were divided up into two separate categories; Dynamic and Static. This paper also looks into the foundations and concepts of juvenile probation departments, and their officers, as well as how the juvenile probation departments work to eliminate recidivism factors. Some ways in which this is done is through specific programs geared towards each offender’s specific needs and opportunities that would not normally be available to these troubled youths....   [tags: static risk factors, correctional facilities] 1763 words
(5 pages)
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Criminals and Society: The Battle Between Reintegration and Recidivism - ABSTRACT: This research paper is focused on released convicts and the struggles they face to become active, progressive members of society. Sadly, these released offenders regularly face discrimination in their job searches, in attempts to secure housing for themselves and their families, and to be accepted by their communities. Without the right support structures in place upon their release, these former prisoners may very well fall back into lives of crime. Without a suitable place to stay, these released offenders may become recidivists, falling back into their familiar roles as law breakers, if only to provide the basic necessities for themselves and their families....   [tags: Criminal Justice Released Prisoner Convict Crime]
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3252 words
(9.3 pages)
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The Transition of an Offender from Jail into the Community - ... These barriers that offenders face upon release is why solid solutions and planning must be implemented when considering the integration of ex-felons into society and preparation for reentry must begin well before the scheduled release date in order to successfully reintegrate an inmate into society and reduce the rate of recidivism. Many offenders will be released from prison and yet approximately 60% will return for violating the law (Beard, Johnson, & Kemp, 2003). An inmate that has an education equivalent to a high school diploma reduces the risk of returning to prison by 24% and an inmate with an equivalent to a two-year degree has a rate of recidivism of 10%....   [tags: reentry, detention facilities, recidivism] 1895 words
(5.4 pages)
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The Severity of Castration as a Form of Punishment for Rapists - The topic of our debate is the castration of rapists. The topic has sparked the interest of many people due to its severity. Castration is a very harsh punishment and can affect a person for the rest of their lives. The question then rise, does a human really deserve a severe punishment such a castration. Humans are prone to making many mistakes throughout life and these mistakes are what mold them to becoming better people at the end. This drives me to believe that castration of rapists is a bad idea and should not be used as a source of punishment....   [tags: Recidivism, Jail, Convicted] 561 words
(1.6 pages)
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Troubles with Reentering the Community After Doing Time in Prison - In the time of serving their sentence, prisoners are allowed to take part in several treatment programs. The prison facility offers educational training, vocational training, psychotherapy, and counseling for any inmate that seeks the knowledge and help. When the State Psychiatric Hospitals around the nation closed, thousands of people with mental health disabilities will be sent to prison to stay off the streets and to receive help. The programs in prison offer medicine and counseling to inmates with a mental illness....   [tags: rehabilitation programs, recidivism]
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964 words
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The Challenges of Creating and Implementing Crime Policy in Canada - ... Challenges in creating effective crime policies Over time, there has been growing gap between criminal policy and criminology (Garland & Sparks, 2000). Despite the criminal knowledge and expertise academic criminologist possess, their advancement or role towards creating crime policy has not been immense (Garland & Sparks, 2000). While various governments have introduced mandatory minimum and more lengthy sentences for offenders, there has been a lack of strategic criminological advice and knowledge when developing these policies (Garland & Sparks, 2000)....   [tags: criminology, recidivism, society] 995 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Functions and Goals of the Special Veterans' Courts - ... In the case of Judge Robert Russell’s original special veteran’s court, his court saw (at the time of this particular article) a 90% success rate without any recidivism. In Hennepin County, Minnesota, their special veteran’s court was found in a study of two years to have lowered the amount of offenses committed of 83% of the participants six months after being in the program, as compared to six months before. One judge noted that working with fellow veterans is particularly helpful to those going through this special court....   [tags: offenses, programs, recidivism ]
:: 8 Works Cited
543 words
(1.6 pages)
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Technology and The Correction Systems - Technology has become the bedrock for different parts of the correction system. The main force of expenditures and study in the corrections field is for the use of monitoring offenders. Different technologies that allow for better control pf the offenders can save lives and help prevent new crimes from emerging. The point of these technologies is to reduce the chance of recidivism by deterring criminals from behaviors that they may commit if otherwise left to their own devices. “The role of staff in the correctional institutional environment will never be obsolete but the use of technology can enhance and enable staff to perform their jobs more efficiently and in a safer and more secure way....   [tags: television, inmates, recidivism rates]
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1558 words
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The Recidivism Rate of Juvenile Sex Offenders between Uses of Legal Sentencing as Adults or Utilizing Psychological Treatment - The Recidivism Rate of Juvenile Sex Offenders between Uses of Legal Sentencing as Adults or Utilizing Psychological Treatment It is typically thought that sex offenders are the type of individual that needs to be tried in our courts and then sentenced because there is really no hope for an individual that harms the most innocent of our society. But there just may be an exception to this way of thinking. Juveniles who at one point themselves may have been victims, and as they have grown into adolescence not knowing why they are thinking the way they are, turn around and abuse others....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 8 Works Cited
2292 words
(6.5 pages)
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Three Strikes Law - Three Strikes Law Recidivism is a tendency to relapse into a former pattern of behavior or a tendency to return to criminal behavior. Many studies have been conducted about criminals who begin with petty crimes (misdemeanors) that repeat the same crimes or graduate to serious crimes (felonies). The fear of repeat offenders and the increase of recidivism ignited the federal and state governments to seek harsher ways to protect citizens’ safety. Mike Reynolds a photographer whose daughter, Kimber, was murdered in1992 during a purse snatching incident introduced the Three Strikes Law in 1993....   [tags: Law, Recidivism, Career Criminals ] 1750 words
(5 pages)
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Juvenile Boot Camps Do Not Reduce Juvenile Delinquency - Introduction Juvenile delinquency is a relatively new phenomenon. For this reason, society’s reactions and solutions to the problem of delinquency are also modern developments. The United States developed the first youth court in 1899 and is now home to many new and formerly untested methods of juvenile rehabilitation and correction. One of many unique programs within the Juvenile Justice system, boot camps are institutions designed to keep delinquent juveniles out of traditional incarceration facilities and still provide a structured method of punishment and rehabilitation....   [tags: Boot Camps Do Not Reduce Recidivism]
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2996 words
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Chemical Castration and Physical Castration - A Critical Analysis of the Effects of Chemical Castration and Physical Castration on the Recidivism Rates of Sex Offenders Introduction This paper examines the effects of chemical castration and physical castration on the recidivism rates of sex offenders. Using theory integration or the multifactor approach, the findings reveal there are several factors influencing sex offender recidivism. Both chemical castration and physical castration have the potential to reduce the recidivism rates of sex offenders by lowering testosterone levels, diminishing sexual urges, and making sexual urges more controllable if the sexual urges are motivated by increased testosterone levels....   [tags: Recidivism of Sex Offenders]
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4610 words
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Is Parole Ineffective of Effective in Curbing Recidivism? - All the laws, which concern with the administration of justice in cases where an individual has been accused of a crime, always begin with the initial investigation of the crime and end either with imposition of punishment or with the unconditional release of the person. Most of the time it is the duty of the members of constituted authorities to inflict the punishment. Thus it can be said that almost all of the punishments are an act of self-defense and an act of defending the community against different types of offences....   [tags: punishment, transition, release]
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2253 words
(6.4 pages)
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The Process of Victim Offender Mediation - Criminal mediation is one way of solving criminal disputes in the united states of America , and has been used a lot in this domain , so the main example is the ( victim –offender) mediation , which raises the question of how does this system work. And what are its effects. So in this section, we will discuss in (part one) how the VOM works, and what are its effects in (part two). Part One: How Does The Victim-Offender Mediation (VOM) Work. In general, mediation is directed by a neutral third party who can by what he had of skills and abilities focus on guiding the behaviors of the parties towards discussing the issues that need to be faced, while receiving separate and confidential communic...   [tags: juvenile recidivism,vmo program,criminal mediation]
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1106 words
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The Goal of the United States Criminal Justice System - Within the United States Criminal Justice System, it is not only goal to simply punish those who break the law, but to also reduce the level of criminal activity. In order to fulfill this important aspect of the Criminal Justice System, offenders must be rehabilitated and motivated to refrain from engaging in further criminal activity so that they do not return to prison. Since the early 1990’s, our country’s crime rate has been declining. Studies such as the Pew Safety Performance Project point out that this is an important goal for correctional systems to keep in mind, but it is not the only one....   [tags: reduce criminal activity, pew safety]
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809 words
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The Importance of the STATIC-99 and MnsSOST-R - Introduction The federal and state governments have laws which permit for the legal confinement of sex offenders deemed to pose a risk to themselves or others. In Kansas v. Hendricks (1997), the U.S. Supreme Court set forth the following criteria potential offenders must satisfy in order to be civilly committed: 1) a past of committing sexual offenses; 2) a mental disorder or impairment; 3) some form of volitional impairment; and 4) a significant risk of committing a sexual offense in the future....   [tags: Sexually violent predators]
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1353 words
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Correctional Facilities in The United States - Throughout United States correctional history, it has been heavily debated as to whether or not prisons have positive effects on inmates and society. Today, many prisons attempt to have a positive impact on the lives of the inmates, while giving society the satisfaction on punishing criminals. The correctional system achieves this goal through the use of four techniques. The four techniques used by the correctional system include rehabilitation, deterrence, incapacitation, and retribution. These four methods work individually as well as collectively to produce felons who can be productive citizens of society....   [tags: Prisons, Rehabilitation Centers]
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2152 words
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Criminal Justice Programs around the World - Criminal justice programs around the world face various challenges especially in rehabilitating the behavior of inmates within correctional facilities. The purpose of this research paper will be to assess the various issues that exist in rehabilitative programs within prison systems. Basically, rehabilitation programs are used to correct and rehabilitate criminal offenders so that they can emerge as useful members of society once they complete their prison sentences. Some of the rehabilitation programs that are commonly used to reform inmates include counseling, health and fitness programs, transcendental meditation, academic programs and religious programs....   [tags: rehabilitation, correctional facilities] 2116 words
(6 pages)
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Efficacy of Rehabilitative Programs - Criminal justice programs around the world face various challenges especially in rehabilitating the behavior of inmates within correctional facilities. The purpose of this research paper will be to assess the various issues that exist in rehabilitative programs within prison systems. Basically, rehabilitation programs are used to correct and rehabilitate criminal offenders so that they can emerge as useful members of society once they complete their prison sentences. Some of the rehabilitation programs that are commonly used to reform inmates include counseling, health and fitness programs, transcendental meditation, academic programs and religious programs....   [tags: Correctional Programs, rehabilitating inmates] 2169 words
(6.2 pages)
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The Effectiveness of Prison Education Rehabilitation - ... Although problems still exist, Education can target the most prevalent ones reaching to the root of the problem. Pont makes a very startling point, “Prisons today reek of idleness” (23). The old saying that goes, “Idle hands are the devil’s workshop” can aptly apply to prisoners with nothing to do. Inmates should have the resources, abilities, and encouragement, to get their minds off their past life and channel it into a productive task. “Prison Studies Project”, a program that is working toward education and police change, deduces the following, “Prison education is far more effective at reducing recidivism than boot camps, “shock” incarceration, or vocational training, according to th...   [tags: solving illiteracy rates in US prisons]
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1620 words
(4.6 pages)
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The Juvenile Justice System - Harassment, reckless endangerment, and burglary are all juvenile offenses. These juvenile offenses almost always stay on the juvenile’s criminal record, and the offenses displayed on a juvenile’s criminal record may cause employers, educators, and other authority figures to think less of the juvenile offender. As a viewer can see, this one mistake or lapse in judgment can ruin the juvenile offenders chance to further their success in life. For example, juvenile offenders may not obtain the dream job that they have always wanted, get into the college that they have always wanted to, or be eligible for a scholarship whether athletic or academic....   [tags: harrassment, burglary, criminal record]
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1966 words
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Prisoners Normative Reintegration into Society - Normative reintegration into society and the resocialization of released prisoners has long been a prominent problem in society. With recidivism rates in the United States upwards of 69% it is quite clear that released prisoners are having difficulty readjusting and returning to normative lives in society (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2008). Prison aims to serve retribution, incapacitate, deter, and rehabilitate offenders, but much of the research on recidivism rates criticize the idea that “prison works” (Dhami, 2006)....   [tags: Social Issues, Animal Therapy Programs] 1706 words
(4.9 pages)
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What is Community Corrections? - ... However, it’s imperative to note that “risk” in this case refers to the statistical probability of a criminal to commit a crime once again, or rather the likelihood of reoffending. This is actually the opposite of the popular misconception that the “risk” suggests “dangerousness” (Duwe, 2013). According to this principle, resources should be allocated with priority accorded to supervision and treatment of higher risk offenders. For instance, individuals with relatively higher likelihood of recidivism should be accorded the greatest treatment dosages and highly intensive intervention programs so as to minimize reoffending....   [tags: risk principle, criminogenic, victimization] 1102 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Pros of Employment for Ex-Cons - The Pros of Employment for Ex-Cons In the last thirty years the crime rate in the United States has decreased, but the number of people incarcerated has increased because longer minimum sentences and stricter requirements for parole have been established. Offenders serve longer prison sentences that lead to a variety of employment-related barriers to overcome after release (Bracey 253). In the State of Nebraska, ex-offenders find little help when searching for employment. On the Department of Correction’s website, the mission statement reads, The mission of the Department of Correctional Services is to serve and protect the public by providing control, humane care, and program opportunities...   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1835 words
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Current Issues in the Correctional System - The “Tough on Crime” and “War on Drugs” policies of the 1970s – 1980s have caused an over populated prison system where incarceration is policy and assistance for prevention was placed on the back burner. As of 2005, a little fewer than 2,000 prisoners are being released every day. These individuals have not gone through treatment or been properly assisted in reentering society. This has caused individuals to reenter the prison system after only a year of being release and this problem will not go away, but will get worst if current thinking does not change....   [tags: prison system, prisoners, inmates]
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1045 words
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Evaluation of Correctional Education - Many correctional education programs focus on prisoner’s way of thinking and ability to make decisions. One of the many reasons criminals keep returning to prison is because they are often times released after many years of being incarcerated and have no assistance while returning to society. Correctional education programs are designed to eliminate such way of thinking so prison re-entry rate will drop. Programs such as Preparing Inmates for Re-Entry through Assistance, Training, and Employment Skills (PIRATES) are developed to reduce offenders’ negative career thoughts and teach essential skills in order to return back to society (Musgrove, Derzis, Shippen, & Brigman, 2012)....   [tags: prisoners, inmates, criminal activity]
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1139 words
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Will Work for Room and Board: Prison Labor in America - American prisoners receive free medical attention, housing, meals, utilities, use of exercise equipment, and laundry services. The cost of these services amount in the billions of dollars a year and government budgets are straining to accommodate these fiscal requirements. “There’s special urgency in prisons these days,” “As state budgets get constricted, the public is looking for ways to offset the cost of imprisonment” (Brown). This economic concern requires work programs to aid in the relief of financial burdens incurred from convicted criminals....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1473 words
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Canada Should Focus More on Rehabilitation and Less on Retribution - Society has long since operated on a system of reward and punishment. That is, when good deeds are done or a person behaves in a desired way they SP are rewarded, or conversely punished when behaviour does not meet the societal norms. Those who defy these norms and commit crime are often punished by organized governmental justice systems through the use of penitentiaries, where prisoners carry out their sentences. The main goals of sentencing include deterrence, safety of the public, retribution, rehabilitation, punishment and respect for the law (Government of Canada, 2013)....   [tags: Canadian Justice System]
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3232 words
(9.2 pages)
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Is Drug Treatment a Viable Alternative to Prison Time? - Prisons and county jails are extremely over populated, so over populated that in some jails inmates are sleeping on the floors. According to Senator Jeanne Shaheen (From Senator Jeanne Shaheen: Prison Overcrowding, 2011), the federal prisons are currently 35 percent over their capacity. The overcrowding is costing the criminal justice system and taxpayers more money to transfer inmates to other facilities and in lawsuits brought by inmates against the prisons. With the prisons and county jails facing major overcrowding issues and drug treatment programs being a viable alternative to prison time, more states need to be implementing drug / treatment programs....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1114 words
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Prisoners and The Development of Severe Mental Illness - ... The upsetting truth is that failure to properly treat mentally ill prisoners does not appear to be a matter of lacking mental health resources, but instead a refusal to use them. A statewide Florida survey of mental health screening within jails showed that although 93% of facilities reported having the tools for implementing mental illness screening, only less than half of the inmates actually had access to counseling. The authors Borum and Rand (2000) conclude that there is a gap between the mental health services jails report to offer and what they are in fact offering....   [tags: lack of attention, sanity, prisons] 1385 words
(4 pages)
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Felon Disenfranchisement Reform of the Old Standard - The topic of felon disenfranchisement has become a highly contested topic as of late. The current Presidential Administration in what would appear to be a hollow declaration and political posturing has recently directed Attorney General Eric Holder to decree the racially motivated and archaic Jim Crow driven practice be restructured or more likely abolished. And in what would appear as the trump card in an already racially sensitive society Atty. Gen Eric Holder states in his address to the Georgetown University Law Center on criminal justice reform that “although well over a century has passed since post-Reconstruction states used these measures to strip African Americans of their most fund...   [tags: excluding criminals from participation in socitety]
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1807 words
(5.2 pages)
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Multicultural Sex Offenders and Static-99 Scores - Sex crimes are one of the most serious problems in the United States today. The legal system is casual when it comes to punishing sex criminals with insufficiently short prison sentences that are further reduced by the option of parole. While sexual offenders comprise a sizable portion of U.S. prison inmates, they evoke an even greater portion of public concern, (Boccaccini, Murrie, Caperton, & Hawes, 2009). Most sex offenders are released back into society after serving as little as one- fourth of their prison sentence....   [tags: Sex Crimes, American Legal System, Social Issues] 1567 words
(4.5 pages)
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Violent Females and Restorative Justice - 2. Introduction As of the early 20th century, there has been a rise in violent crime committed by women. This is due to a change in gender roles that result in women having a lack of informal control, giving women the mindset that they are more assertive (Kruttschnitt, et. al, 2008). It has been found that women as a whole are less likely to reoffend after attending a restorative justice conference (Hayes, 2005). Due to the female violent offenders only being a minority offender group (Bonta, et.al, 1995), there are gaps in research in terms of the effectiveness of restorative justice on their recidivism rates (Latimer et.al, 2005)....   [tags: Violence, Women]
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1237 words
(3.5 pages)
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Problem-Solving Courts are Helping to Reform the Justice System - ... In my current career, it is my job to help rehabilitate youth offenders, so treatment and rehabilitation of the underlying issues that cause someone to commit crimes is very important to me. Traditionally, before drug courts, anyone charged with a crime went to traditional courts. These courts were not specialized and were “little more than revolving doors for specific classes of offenders” (Lynch, pg. 309-310). Traditional courts did little to address specific issues of offenders and instead are more focused on sentencing an individual and moving on to the next....   [tags: crime, drug, rehabilitation] 527 words
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Exploring the Positive Punishment Effect Among Incarcerated Individuals - In a quantitative analysis of the effectiveness of incarceration of individuals in preventing crime and especially preventing those particular individuals from repeating crime, Peter Wood concluded that several different mechanisms may in fact contribute to recidivism. Wood acknowledges the work of others in the field that have noted that statistically the experience of being incarcerated increased the likelihood that an individual will commit future criminal behavior. He continues to note the hypotheses of other researchers that such counter-intuitive statistics could be explained by "a theory of defiance" whereby after an individual receives punishment that they feel is unjust or unfair th...   [tags: Criminal Justice] 774 words
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The Effectiveness of U.S. and Scandinavian Penal and Prisons Systems - Joe is a prisoner in a United States penitentiary convicted of assault with a deadly weapon and attempted robbery. Johan is a prisoner in a Norwegian Correctional Facility also convicted of assault with a deadly weapon and attempted robbery. After eight years of serving their time in custody, they are released back out into society, the world beyond their prison walls. During the following month after their release, Joe has once again been arrested for assault and attempted robbery while Johan has started making a quiet living as a deckhand on the coast for a small fishing company in Kopervik....   [tags: Prisons Systems]
:: 33 Works Cited
3052 words
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Physical Castration is The Most Effective Punishment for Sex Offenders - In Texas, May 2012 a repeat child sex offender Craig Stephen Hoard was handed seven life sentences. Hoard was convicted of indecency in 1977 and was released for parole from prison in February 2001. Seven days later he was convicted for sex with a child. He served nine years in state prison. Three months after his release from his nine year sentence in 2010 he was arrested again. In June 2010, Police arrested Hoard, finding child porn on his computer and iPod. A video of Hoard was found of him in a restroom stall at a pizza place in Conroe instructing a five year old to expose his genitals....   [tags: child sexual abuse, greatest benefits] 1979 words
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Community Based Corrections: Viable Alternative to Incarceration - Community-based corrections alleviate overcrowded correctional facilities, reduce taxpayer burden, and rehabilitate offenders, while providing effective, efficient low cost methods of supporting public safety, community rehabilitation, behavior modification and personnel responsibility, because it uses multiple approaches and involves both legislative and judicial personnel in all steps of the process. Community-based corrections facilities are located in the community and support diverse rehabilitative programs including restitution, community service and repayment of monetary fines (Moses, 2007)....   [tags: legal reform, social reform, criminal justice]
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The Female Prison in the United States - The female prison population in the United States is growing at an disturbing rate. According to Ajinkya (2013) from 2000 to 2009, the number of females incarcerated in state or federal prison rose by 21.6%. A high percentage of prison inmates, who tend to be poor, ethnic or racial minorities and young, will eventually be released to rejoin society and either return to their criminal lifestyles or adopt new, socially responsible patterns of behavior (Erisman & Contardo, 2005). According to Justice Center (2012), 19% of females released from prison will recidivate in the first three years post-release....   [tags: justice, incarceration, federal prison]
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The Rise of America’s Prison Empire - When envisioning a prison, one often conceptualizes a grisly scene of hardened rapists and murderers wandering aimlessly down the darkened halls of Alcatraz, as opposed to a pleasant facility catering to the needs of troubled souls. Prisons have long been a source of punishment for inmates in America and the debate continues as to whether or not an overhaul of the US prison system should occur. Such an overhaul would readjust the focuses of prison to rehabilitation and incarceration of inmates instead of the current focuses of punishment and incarceration....   [tags: Analysis, Robert Perkinson, Alcatraz] 1930 words
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Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies - Community corrections professionals use strategies to monitor sex offenders. The main three general categories of supervision are statutory mandates, treatment, and electronic monitoring devices. Due to the fact that sex offenders are the hardest to supervise, there needs to be effective strategies. This group is the hardest to supervise because a sexual act can occur at anytime and anywhere in a quick timeframe. Statutory Mandates The laws and sanctions that sex offenders must adhere to while under some type of community supervision, be it low or high risk level of recidivism, is to keep the community safe....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Background of Sex Offender Registries - In the United States as a condition of parole sex offenders are typically required to register with law enforcement officials when released from prison. These officials notify the public of the offender’s release back into society and provide them with information such as the offenders address, and other personal information. Research indicates the notification system can have an adverse effect on the offender’s life, casting doubt on what the laws intended purpose to protect the public. This paper will explore the background of sex offender registries, the relationship between the sex offender notifications and registration laws and higher rates of recidivisms in the United States....   [tags: relationship, notifications, registration, laws] 2351 words
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Sexual Assault of Children - Introduction Sexual assault of children by adults is an epidemic that has reached significant proportion. According to Raymond Webster PhD, child sexual abuse “is typically defined as involving either actual physical or nonphysical contact experiences between a child and an adult in which the child is subjected to sexually based exploitation, humiliation, or degradation (Webster, 2004). “The sexual abuse and exploitation of children is one of the most vicious crimes conceivable, a violation of mankind’s most basic duty to protect the innocent, James T....   [tags: Sociology, Sexual Abuse]
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Prison Overcrowding in California - Introduction The proliferation of prison overcrowding has been a rising concern for the U.S. The growing prison population poses considerable health and safety risks to prison staffs and employees, as well as to inmates themselves. The risks will continue to increase if no immediate actions are taken. Whereas fighting proliferation is fundamentally the duty of the U.S. government, prison overcrowding has exposed that the U.S. government will need to take measures to combat the flaws in the prison and criminal justice system....   [tags: proliferation, penal codes, effectiveness, budget]
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Sex Offender Literature Review - Introduction Prison occupies a central symbolic role within the criminal justice system and is meant to be a critical deterrent to future offending. The commonly held view is that offenders must be placed in prison because they have deviated from society’s norms. They are typically branded as misfits or lawbreakers. According to Smith (2004) a sex offender is “someone who has committed or attempted to commit any type of illegal or non-consensual sexual act and/or any sexual behaviour involving children under the legal age of consent, based upon the laws governing the location where the sexual behaviour occurred." The purpose of the Department of Corrections in Queensland is to provide, in p...   [tags: Prison, Symbolic Role, Criminal Justice System]
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Rehabilitation of Inmates - The topic of whether inmates can be rehabilitated was addressed by Kendall (2010) in her presentation of symbolic interactional solutions concerning crime, which center around the belief that because behavior is learned then learning alternative behaviors can replace the original learning. This argument makes sense when shaping a case in favor of rehabilitation; however, simply serving time in prison has not proven to be an effective method to re-educate inmates. (Kendall, 2010) Yamatani and Spjeldnes (2011) reported that the effectiveness of social services in impacting recidivism rates and successful reintegration were neglected in inmate studies....   [tags: Possibility, Socil Services]
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Criminal Justice Process - When a crime is committed against another person, then justice must be served to those who committed the crime. In some cases the crimes involve sexual attacks on grown adults while some offenses are against minors. In these examples the underling connection is the committed crimes of sexual abuse or sexual assault on adults and minors. When these crimes are brought before the justice system they are processed and the convicted are given a sentence to carry out but sometimes those sentences may not provide efficient time to produce the required outcome of correcting the individual or may be determined that there is no fixing the convicted disorder....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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The Prison System - Canada reached its utmost population rate in 2013, with 15,000 inmates; this is a drastic increase of 75% in the past decade. Incarceration rates are rapidly increasing as crime rates decrease. Upon release, former prisoners have difficulty adapting into society and its social norms. Criminologist, Roger Graef states that, "the vast majority of inmates, the loss of local connections with family, job, and home sentences them again to return to crime." Prisoners often result in lethargy, depression, chronic apathy, and despair, making them ultimately rigid and unable to assimilate back into the public....   [tags: Incarceration Rates, Canada, Overcrowding]
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An Offender Reentry Plan Will Keep the Citizens of Hawaii Safer. - The State of Hawaii utilizes the Hawaii Department of Public Safety to ensure public safety and security while living and working on the island paradise. It consists of three divisions the administration, corrections and law enforcement. The department receives an annual budget of 225 million dollars. The corrections division under the Department of Public Safety plays a key role in overseeing the management of jails and prisons. Part of its role is to fulfill its mission of implementing a successful offender reentry program for all incarcerated offenders....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Structure of the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Corrections - The Department of Rehabilitation and Correction (DRC) has traditionally operated under a function organization structure within state government that clearly separated services provided into two primary categories: prisons and parole services with both categories reporting to the agency Director. An organization structure based on functions provides a clear direction for job requirements, allows the opportunity for staff to become experts in their field of assignment, which increases productivity....   [tags: prisons and parole services]
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Quasi Experiment of Outcome of HOPE Program: Drug Abuse - Evaluation Plan Background The program evaluation will be assessing the outcomes resulting from offenders that were placed into the HOPE program versus those that were not. As mentioned in previous assignments, the HOPE program is a rigorous probation sentence which entails submitting to random drug testing, mandatory appointments with law enforcement personnel, and the completion of counseling or drug treatment sessions while not repeating previous violations. Violations of the probation program will result in a swift and certain punishment of a short-term jail sentence....   [tags: Violence, Offenders] 770 words
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Educational, Vocational, Substance Abuse and Sex Offender Programs - As a group, we chose Education, Vocational, Substance Abuse, and Sex Offender Programs for our programs of discussion. Education & Vocational Programs: Educational Programs in many systems inmates who have not completed eighth grade, one in seven prisoners are put into a full time prison school. Prisons offer academic courses to those who haven’t graduated high school, so they can earn their GED. There is a waiting list for inmates who want to take classes. Some prisons offer; basic reading, english, math, and GED courses (Clear, Cole, Reisig, 2013)....   [tags: prison system,institutional programs,inmates]
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Preventing Juvenile Delinquency - Preventing Juvenile Delinquency There is a saying that history often repeats itself. If this is a true saying, then society will have to deal with the complex issue of juveniles delinquents, who may eventually become adult criminals, as societies in time past dealt with the same conflict. Moreover, if this saying is true then the community in which juvenile delinquencies exist must have the tools necessary to divert the youth from crime. If one is to convert delinquent youth’s behavior, they need to be able to variegate the justice system in order to prevent juvenile delinquent recidivisms....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Corrections Programs of North Carolina and Oregon - Community corrections programs in the United States are founded upon the same principles of promoting public safety and security by housing any individual that has broken the laws established by society. However, while there are several similarities there are also several differences in each individual states correctional programs and philosophies. Consequently, those similarities and differences for the states of North Carolina and Oregon will be individually analyzed and explored. The state of North Carolina advocates its mission to be the protection and safety of its citizens throughout the state by providing viable alternatives and meaningful supervision to offenders placed in their cust...   [tags: Community Corrections Programs]
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Is the Use of Castration Constitutional? - The issue of castration has many layers in terms of its use punitively. The biggest area of debate is the rate of success and if sex offender’s problem is physical or psychological. In addition, is the use of castration constitutional. Some people argue that compulsory castration is a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment and the Eighth Amendment. However, does the unconstitutional nature change when castration is voluntary and the decision is made by the offender. Moreover, does labeling castration as a treatment make it constitutional....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1812 words
(5.2 pages)
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State and Federal objectives of punishment - For centuries governments have acted on behalf of society removing and punishing criminals with the goal of protecting its citizens. Criminals were arrested and locked-up in jails awaiting their sentencing. Once sentenced, they were publically humiliated, tortured, or killed. Early forms punishments were cruel and mostly focused on retribution. State and Federal objectives of punishment Today punishment is the most dominant correctional goal of both the state and federal government in response to criminality....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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The German and American Correctional System - This paper explores the advantages of the German correctional system and the changes that could be made to the current American system to improve its efficiency. Several different comparison studies as well as statistics obtained from credible online sources aid in highlighting the advantages of three key components of the German penal system which make it more successful in crime inhibition and recidivism prevention than the current American counterpart. Reintegration and rehabilitation as the primary aspect in a judge’s choice of verdict are discussed first, following the availability and condition of programs existing in prison for offenders that have been sentenced to incarceration, as w...   [tags: Prison Population, Social Work]
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Better Ways to End Prison Overcrowding - The U.S is only 5% of the world’s population and houses a quarter of its prison inmates; well over 2 million people. In the past decade the war on drugs has filled many state and federal prisons with a numerous amount of inmates. Building new prisons is not the answer to tackling the prison overcrowding dilemma. The U.S doesn’t have the money due to economic strains, and it will not solve this issue head on as needed. “California may be forced to release up to 33,000 prisoners by 2013” (Shapiro & Wizner, 2011, p.1.)....   [tags: mental hospitals, criminal behaviors]
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The Importance of Educating Jail and Prison Inmates - Summary This paper explores the benefits provided by educational programs in jails and prisons. Included are the reasons inmates need education in order to successfully reenter society once they are released and use the knowledge and skills they have learned to obtain a job in order to support themselves and their families. Also examined in the paper are the financial benefits of incorporating educational programs instead of cutting them, as well as the effect these programs play on the recidivism rate....   [tags: importance of education, 2015]
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The Drug Problem and the Current Justice System - The Drug Problem and the Current Justice System The United States Correctional System is often challenged as to whether it wants to rehabilitate drug offenders or punish them, and because of this it mostly does neither. Even though drug abuse and drug trafficking are widely spread national issues, the mental, social, and economic costs of "healing" through incarceration are only making the "disease" worse. Never before have more prisoners been locked up on drug offenses than today. Mixed with the extremely high risks of today's prison environment, the concept of incarceration as punishment for drug offenders cannot be successful....   [tags: Argumentative Drugs Prison Legal] 1825 words
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Incarcerated Offender Reentry Plan - Considering the cost of new programs, budget shortfalls and cutbacks the state of Hawaii is experiencing at this time, we ask. What benefits would the state incur by immediately implementing an incarcerated offender reentry plan. Additionally, we ask. How would the immediate implementation of an incarcerated offender reentry plan affect a community’s economy and security. Perhaps, to effectively consider the impact of these questions I will need to determine why there is a need to immediately implement an incarcerated offender reentry plan....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Removing Criminals from the Streets: Three Strikes Laws - ... Constitution states that all trials shall be held within the state that the crime occurred within. The 5th Amendment provides protection from self-incrimination while the 6th Amendment guarantees offenders the right to a speedy, public trial with the right to be informed of the crime they are accused of committing. Locally, states are permitted to enforce laws within their jurisdiction. States can establish penalties and mandatory minimums for crimes committed within the states jurisdiction....   [tags: crime movement, repeat offenders] 670 words
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The Need for Expunging - The Need for Expunging Funk's article "Young and Arrestless: The Case Against Expunging Juvenile Arrest Records", makes a valid point for the need to reevaluate the current policy of expungment. Most states mandate that a juvenile's criminal record be sealed or destroyed once the person reaches 18 or 21, even if the person has raped or murdered someone. He states by "sealing the records" you impede the sentencing by judge's, effective law enforcement, and increase the risk to society. Funk assumes that juveniles will have the most to gain by having a clean record and the public will have the most to lose....   [tags: Papers] 376 words
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Prevalence of Mental Illness in our Criminal Justice System - The Prevalence of Mental Illness in our Criminal Justice System Introduction Mental Illness has been prevalent all throughout our history from Isaac Newton to Abraham Lincoln to Sylvia Plath and so on. These illnesses can be as minor as a slight bipolar disorder or as severe as schizophrenia. In recent years, mental illnesses are becoming more prevalent in our criminal justice systems than anywhere else. Mental illness is becoming an association with crime and based on the information that has been found, this paper will attempt to further define the problem of mental illness within our criminal justice system and offer alternatives or insights as to how to possibly help with this problem....   [tags: Incarceration of Mentally Ill]
:: 7 Works Cited
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