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Is Recidivism Inevitable? - ... This program gives them a much needed support system that is very important to their success out of the prison system. If other states began to adopt similar programs more prisoners may be able to rejoin society. Another problem is that people are not given the help they need to be rehabilitated. When someone is put into jail for a drug related charge they should be given help in the form of drug rehab. However since these inmates are not given any kind of assistance they are exposed to the inter-prison drug trade with no support to help them stay away....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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893 words
(2.6 pages)
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Reducing Recidivism - Reducing Recidivism Education and vocational skills are mandatory in life. Education factors all aspects of life. Without a proper education one is limited to basic life rewards. Not to say that money is the only reason for an education, but it seems to be the force that drives offenders to keep offending. If one does not possess a basic education then the next best thing would be vocational training. Vocational training is an excellent way for some of the low educated people to get out of the life that put them in prison and to achieve a positive position in society....   [tags: Papers] 614 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Death Penalty, A Reason for Recidivism - The legal definition of the death penalty is a sentence of execution for the crime including murder and some other capital crimes; serious crimes, especially murder, which are punishable by death. The earliest proof of the death penalty dates back to the Eighteenth Century B.C. in the Code of King Hammurabi of Babylon in which 25 crimes were codified. In 1972, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the death penalty was cruel and unusual punishment, and stated in the eighth amendment would mean it was unconstitutional....   [tags: capital punishment, death penalty]
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921 words
(2.6 pages)
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Role of Prisons in Reducing Recidivism - Role of Prisons in Reducing Recidivism The role of prisons and prison wardens in reducing recidivism is a major concern today. With programs initialized in the prison systems, recidivism rates still have stayed about the same for forty years. Almost two-thirds of prisoners will be arrested after their release, and of those, half will return to prison for a new crime. The obstacle faced by professionals to change behavior is a multi-layered complex problem that needs to be addressed in our society today....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Argument Essays]
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544 words
(1.6 pages)
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Recidivism of Sex Offenders - Recidivism of Sex Offenders Sex offenders have been a serious problem for our legal system at all levels, not to mention those who have been their victims. There are 43,000 inmates in prison for sexual offenses while each year in this country over 510,000 children are sexually assaulted(Oakes 99). The latter statistic, in its context, does not convey the severity of the situation. Each year 510,000 children have their childhood's destroyed, possibly on more than one occasion, and are faced with dealing with the assault for the rest of their lives....   [tags: Papers Sexual Abuse Children Essays]
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2502 words
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Recidivism Rates of Paroled Domestic Violence Offenders - ... Domestic violence offenders that do not complete the treatment programs characteristically recidivate within six month. Contributing Factors and Impact Although domestic violence is a significant societal problem, which continues to receive public and private sector attention, intervention and treatment programs have proven inconsistent in their success. Statistics by various organization show that many offenders continue to abuse their victims. Approximately 32% of battered women are victimized again, 47% of men who abuse their wives do so at least three times per year (MCFBW)....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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853 words
(2.4 pages)
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Criminals and Society: The Battle Between Reintegration and Recidivism - ABSTRACT: This research paper is focused on released convicts and the struggles they face to become active, progressive members of society. Sadly, these released offenders regularly face discrimination in their job searches, in attempts to secure housing for themselves and their families, and to be accepted by their communities. Without the right support structures in place upon their release, these former prisoners may very well fall back into lives of crime. Without a suitable place to stay, these released offenders may become recidivists, falling back into their familiar roles as law breakers, if only to provide the basic necessities for themselves and their families....   [tags: Criminal Justice Released Prisoner Convict Crime]
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3252 words
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Three Strikes Law - ... Purpose The purpose of the Three Strikes Law is to reduce serious or violent crime rates and provide a means to practice racial disparity in sentencing. The law is also intended to give longer sentences to offenders who are convicted three times. Usually, the first and second convictions result in punishment, but of a more routine appeal. Justice James A. Ardaiz, the Fifth Appellate District of California explained, “Three Strikes was intended to go beyond simply making sentences tougher. It was intended to be a focused effort to create a sentencing policy that would use the judicial system to reduce serious and violent crime” (Goodno, 2007)....   [tags: Law, Recidivism, Career Criminals ] 1750 words
(5 pages)
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Chemical Castration and Physical Castration - A Critical Analysis of the Effects of Chemical Castration and Physical Castration on the Recidivism Rates of Sex Offenders Introduction This paper examines the effects of chemical castration and physical castration on the recidivism rates of sex offenders. Using theory integration or the multifactor approach, the findings reveal there are several factors influencing sex offender recidivism. Both chemical castration and physical castration have the potential to reduce the recidivism rates of sex offenders by lowering testosterone levels, diminishing sexual urges, and making sexual urges more controllable if the sexual urges are motivated by increased testosterone levels....   [tags: Recidivism of Sex Offenders]
:: 20 Sources Cited
4610 words
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The Recidivism Rate of Juvenile Sex Offenders between Uses of Legal Sentencing as Adults or Utilizing Psychological Treatment - ... These programs also stress that offenders should develop empathy for their victims. However, “psychotherapeutic work with impulsive, neurodevelopmentally compromised youngsters more frequently is concerned with cognitive deficits than cognitive distortions.” (Fago) These children, rather than acting on the basis of vague perceptions or beliefs, generally act and react impulsively, without thinking about the consequences of their behavior. The ultimate task is not to attempt to change these adolescents’ pathological thoughts and beliefs but to instead redirect these thoughts to stop and think before they act....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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2292 words
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Efficacy of Rehabilitative Programs - ... According to statistics released by the US Department of Justice in 2001, the number of prisoners who were rearrested after being released from prison amounted to 279,400 out of the 635,000 prisoners released from prison in the same year. Prisoners that had the highest re-arrest rates were robbers with a rate of 70%, burglars with a rate of 74% and car thieves with a rate of 78%. These figures illustrated that more than half of prisoners released from prison were more than likely to return to prison for a completely new offense or a violation of their probation/parole (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2002)....   [tags: Correctional Programs, rehabilitating inmates] 2169 words
(6.2 pages)
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Prisoners Normative Reintegration into Society - ... Within the last 20 years, the quantity of money doled out to the maintenance and management of correctional facilities has increased by 570% whereas the amount spent on elementary and secondary education was increased a mere 33% (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2010). With close to 70% of prisoners going back to jail within 1 year of their release, it is blatantly obvious that our prison systems are not providing the therapy and rehabilitation needed to help released individuals achieve successful normative reintegration into society....   [tags: Social Issues, Animal Therapy Programs] 1706 words
(4.9 pages)
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The Pros of Employment for Ex-Cons - The Pros of Employment for Ex-Cons In the last thirty years the crime rate in the United States has decreased, but the number of people incarcerated has increased because longer minimum sentences and stricter requirements for parole have been established. Offenders serve longer prison sentences that lead to a variety of employment-related barriers to overcome after release (Bracey 253). In the State of Nebraska, ex-offenders find little help when searching for employment. On the Department of Correction’s website, the mission statement reads, The mission of the Department of Correctional Services is to serve and protect the public by providing control, humane care, and program opportunities for those individuals placed in its custody and supervision, thereby facilitating their return to society as responsible persons (“Nebraska” par 1)....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1835 words
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Will Work for Room and Board: Prison Labor in America - ... In American prisons workers are paid for work performed. Presently 80,000 inmates are employed manufacturing blue jeans, auto parts, electronics, furniture, handling reservations, telemarketing, data entry, record keeping, desk top publishing, digital mapping, computer-aided design work, auto repairs and, are paid at a rate of $.21 to $.50 an hour (Whyte). Fortunately, work programs will relieve taxpayer's burden and hold the criminal financially responsible for their actions. During the sentencing phase of a trial a prisoner is ordered to pay a victim compensation for damages or loss but is unable to due to incarceration with no income, and is unable to repay after release because of lack of education, job training, or motivation....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Is Drug Treatment a Viable Alternative to Prison Time? - ... Department of Justice is reporting the local government prison population has declined 2.3 percent from June 2008 to June 2009 (Schillinger, 2010). Therefore, prison population is decreasing in the United States as a whole, not just in one state. In the United States today, there are many budget and funding cuts, utilizing Drug / Treatment Courts are a more cost effective way of sentencing, saving the criminal justice system and taxpayers money. The average daily cost of Drug court/Treatment Court is 72 percent to 80 percent less than other traditional sentencing options (Brogdon, 2010)....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1114 words
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Multiculturalism - ... This is significant since their perception and reaction to an assessment could and most likely will be predisposed by what they already know due to what they have experienced according to race, ethnicity, and culture. Culture is the belief systems and value orientations that influence customs, norms, practices, and social institutions, including psychological processes such as language, care taking practices, media, educational systems and organizations (Fiske, Kitayama, Markus, & Nisbett, 1998)....   [tags: Sex Crimes, American Legal System, Social Issues] 1567 words
(4.5 pages)
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Exploring the Positive Punishment Effect Among Incarcerated Individuals - In a quantitative analysis of the effectiveness of incarceration of individuals in preventing crime and especially preventing those particular individuals from repeating crime, Peter Wood concluded that several different mechanisms may in fact contribute to recidivism. Wood acknowledges the work of others in the field that have noted that statistically the experience of being incarcerated increased the likelihood that an individual will commit future criminal behavior. He continues to note the hypotheses of other researchers that such counter-intuitive statistics could be explained by "a theory of defiance" whereby after an individual receives punishment that they feel is unjust or unfair they begin to develop a sense of defiance against the system which later can turn into criminal behavior....   [tags: Criminal Justice] 774 words
(2.2 pages)
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Criminal Justice Process - When a crime is committed against another person, then justice must be served to those who committed the crime. In some cases the crimes involve sexual attacks on grown adults while some offenses are against minors. In these examples the underling connection is the committed crimes of sexual abuse or sexual assault on adults and minors. When these crimes are brought before the justice system they are processed and the convicted are given a sentence to carry out but sometimes those sentences may not provide efficient time to produce the required outcome of correcting the individual or may be determined that there is no fixing the convicted disorder....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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1089 words
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Community Based Corrections: Viable Alternative to Incarceration - ... Community-based programs available to the offender ranged from behavior modification, conflict resolution, mediation services, substance abuse treatment, mental health councils job training and assistance. The creation of specialized drug courts to provide supervision and treatment of drug and substance abuse problems freed up resources for other more serious crimes. Educational programs provide resources to become literate and obtain a high school diploma. House arrest allows offenders to leave home for work, treatment, and education (McCarthy, 2001)....   [tags: Criminal Justice, prisons, Jails]
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1689 words
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Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies - ... Treatment Community corrections professionals keep in contact with the treatment facilities to stay informed on the offenders they are monitoring. This is used as one of the strategies to supervise offenders and keep the community safe. This is just one fundamental aspect of the whole treatment design. The idea of rehabilitation is an elusive concept when discussing sex offenders. Once the act has been committed and the offender has been deemed guilty he or she will always be registered as a sex offender even if rehabilitation is fully achieved....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1114 words
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Rehabilitation - ... Worrall reached similar conclusions, stating that while much of the research into the effectiveness of drug courts has suffered from design limitations, they have shown reductions in recidivism (Worrall 168). Reentry programs try and take a fresh look at sending prisoners back into society after revamped educational and counseling programs (Walker 363). Unfortunately there is not a lot of evidence that these programs reduce recidivism rates (Walker 363) Walker concludes that the evidence is inconclusive, programs are in their early stages, and more research is necessary due to the current crisis of so many prisoners being released (Walker 363)....   [tags: Legal Issues, Drug Courts, Probation] 847 words
(2.4 pages)
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The Rise of America’s Prison Empire - ... If a prisoner manages to acquire a job upon release, his rehabilitation may still be successful (Melnick et al. 635). Unfortunately, many employers do not hire criminals. Thus, prisoners are ejected into the dysfunctional, often impoverished environment from which they came with no recollection of skills learned in rehabilitation. Just as the environment a prisoner hails from contributes to his incarceration, his past offenses contribute to his success (or lack thereof) with rehabilitation. No two prisoners are alike and prisons often hold offenders of differing ages, races and genders who have committed a multitude of various crimes....   [tags: Analysis, Robert Perkinson, Alcatraz] 1930 words
(5.5 pages)
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Sexual Assault of Children - ... The Georgia Department of Human Services funds 24 sexual assault programs statewide; funding for the fiscal year 2010 was about $1.2 million. The cost of one rape averages more than $60,000 in terms of lost wages and fees for medical and psychological treatment (GBI, 2011).” Recidivism rates among perpetrators vary from state to state; “recidivism is the act of reengaging in criminal offending despite having being punished. The prison recidivism rate is the proportion of persons released from prison that are rearrested, reconvicted or returned to custody within a specific time period and these offenders are typically studied for three years following their release from prison or placement on probation (Pew Center, 2011).” Various studies have been conducted in order to measure the rate of recidivism....   [tags: Sociology, Sexual Abuse]
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2042 words
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Hate - Crime: The Price We Pay Today American correction facilities experience a crisis of epic proportions. United States prisons and jails house inmates in record numbers with no relief. This situation leads many to suggest that overcrowding in prisons constitutes an important issue facing American correction reform today. One way to deal with overcrowded prisons is to enforce the death penalty. According to David Davis, infliction of the death penalty for certain secular crimes, such as murder and robbery, associates historically with the rise of the modern state (23)....   [tags: essays research papers] 845 words
(2.4 pages)
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The Drug Problem and the Current Justice System - The Drug Problem and the Current Justice System The United States Correctional System is often challenged as to whether it wants to rehabilitate drug offenders or punish them, and because of this it mostly does neither. Even though drug abuse and drug trafficking are widely spread national issues, the mental, social, and economic costs of "healing" through incarceration are only making the "disease" worse. Never before have more prisoners been locked up on drug offenses than today. Mixed with the extremely high risks of today's prison environment, the concept of incarceration as punishment for drug offenders cannot be successful....   [tags: Argumentative Drugs Prison Legal] 1825 words
(5.2 pages)
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Corrections Programs of North Carolina and Oregon - Community corrections programs in the United States are founded upon the same principles of promoting public safety and security by housing any individual that has broken the laws established by society. However, while there are several similarities there are also several differences in each individual states correctional programs and philosophies. Consequently, those similarities and differences for the states of North Carolina and Oregon will be individually analyzed and explored. The state of North Carolina advocates its mission to be the protection and safety of its citizens throughout the state by providing viable alternatives and meaningful supervision to offenders placed in their custody....   [tags: Community Corrections Programs]
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811 words
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An Offender Reentry Plan Will Keep the Citizens of Hawaii Safer. - The State of Hawaii utilizes the Hawaii Department of Public Safety to ensure public safety and security while living and working on the island paradise. It consists of three divisions the administration, corrections and law enforcement. The department receives an annual budget of 225 million dollars. The corrections division under the Department of Public Safety plays a key role in overseeing the management of jails and prisons. Part of its role is to fulfill its mission of implementing a successful offender reentry program for all incarcerated offenders....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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1712 words
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Is the Use of Castration Constitutional? - The issue of castration has many layers in terms of its use punitively. The biggest area of debate is the rate of success and if sex offender’s problem is physical or psychological. In addition, is the use of castration constitutional. Some people argue that compulsory castration is a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment and the Eighth Amendment. However, does the unconstitutional nature change when castration is voluntary and the decision is made by the offender. Moreover, does labeling castration as a treatment make it constitutional....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1812 words
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State and Federal objectives of punishment - ... Overcrowding and budgets are among the problems brought about by these measures. Both the state and federal correctional population throughout the United States have steadily seen significant increases in their population, every year for the past decades. Based on the census found on the Bureau of Justice website, the data collected between June 30th 2000 to December 30th 2005 showed that prisoners held in custody between federal and state prisons increased by 10%. (“Bureau of Justice Statistics”, p.1 -2) These increases are caused by a rise in recidivism, the lengthening of prison sentence, a decrease in of parole....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Sex Offender Treatment: A Literature Review - ... Treatment modules include high, moderate, and low intensity institutional programs, community-based relapse-prevention, individual counseling, and community-based self-help groups (Turner, Bingham & Andrasik , 2000) Programs of moderate intensity are usually institutionally-based, and may last up to five months. Treatment providers are typically psychologists and / or sexologists, employed either through contract or a combination of institutional staff and contract workers. In 2004/2005, there were approximately 350 intermediate intensity treatment spaces available....   [tags: Sex Crimes]
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2338 words
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Incarcerated Offender Reentry Plan - Considering the cost of new programs, budget shortfalls and cutbacks the state of Hawaii is experiencing at this time, we ask. What benefits would the state incur by immediately implementing an incarcerated offender reentry plan. Additionally, we ask. How would the immediate implementation of an incarcerated offender reentry plan affect a community’s economy and security. Perhaps, to effectively consider the impact of these questions I will need to determine why there is a need to immediately implement an incarcerated offender reentry plan....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Preventing Juvenile Delinquency - ... The parents have the primary responsibility for ensuring that their children do not commit crimes. The government should only have to take action if the juvenile has become a threat to the family and community. The most important stakeholder as stated earlier is not included as the key stakeholder, only parties involved. The rationale for such ideological probable stem from parens patriae. The government whether state, federal, or local, are also stakeholders, which have the dual responsibility of protecting the community as well as rehabilitating the juvenile....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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castration - Should Chemical Castration be performed on Sex Offenders. Okay suppose your five-year-old daughter was brutally attacked and raped by a known sex offender, would you rather the offender to be sentenced to a few years in prison, only to get out and destroy another innocent victim’s life or have them chemically castrated. Chemical castration is the process of injecting male sex offenders’ female hormones to eliminate their sex drive. Honestly until someone is in the position; how can they say that it should or should not be performed on these offenders....   [tags: essays research papers] 1187 words
(3.4 pages)
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Juvenile Delinquency - BOOT CAMPS ARE A BAD ALTERNATIVE Boot Camps For Children are A Failure According To Substantial Media Research. Wilderness Therapy Treatment - A non-profit consumer protection information, health, safety, referral & education site. More Information: www.Wilderness-Therapy.Org E-mail: info@Wilderness-Therapy.Org Peter S. Canellos, Contributing Roporter, BOSTON GLOBE, April 30, 1989, PAGE: 29 SHERIFFS, LAWMAKERS EXPLORE ALTERNATIVES TO JAIL //acs-VT2000 At least one former supporter of boot camp has turned into a skeptic, however....   [tags: essays research papers] 1290 words
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The Need for Expunging - The Need for Expunging Funk's article "Young and Arrestless: The Case Against Expunging Juvenile Arrest Records", makes a valid point for the need to reevaluate the current policy of expungment. Most states mandate that a juvenile's criminal record be sealed or destroyed once the person reaches 18 or 21, even if the person has raped or murdered someone. He states by "sealing the records" you impede the sentencing by judge's, effective law enforcement, and increase the risk to society. Funk assumes that juveniles will have the most to gain by having a clean record and the public will have the most to lose....   [tags: Papers] 376 words
(1.1 pages)
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Chemical Castration: The Benefits and Disadvantages Intrinsic to Injecting Male Pedophiliacs with Depo-Provera - Chemical Castration: The Benefits and Disadvantages Intrinsic to Injecting Male Pedophiliacs with Depo-Provera Marquita Mack Child molestation is a serious problem in the United States. The legal system is lenient with pedophiles, punishing them with insufficiently brief prison sentences that are further abbreviated by the option of parole. Some child molesters are released back into society after serving as little as one fourth of their prison-time (1). Recidivism is extremely high among child molesters; 75% are convicted more than once for sexually abusing young people (6)....   [tags: essays research papers] 982 words
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Rehabilation of Prison Inmates - Prison inmates, are some of the most disturbed and unstable people in society. Most of the inmates have had too little discipline or too much, come from broken homes, and have no self-esteem. They are very insecure and are at war with themselves as well as with society. Most inmates did not learn moral values or learn to follow everyday norms. In order to rehabilitate criminals we must do more than just send them to prison. Of the 600,000 criminals that are released into society each year, 70% of them are re-arrested within 3 years of their release from prison (Cullen)....   [tags: essays research papers] 1235 words
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Hope for Rehabilitation for Institutionalized Youth Offenders - missing works cited “You do the crime, you pay the time,” is a common phrase uttered throughout our society in regard to juvenile delinquency. It has been suggested that a punitive response to the problem of youth violence in America is an effective means of solving the issue of youth crime, and would also deter future offenders. As a result, the existence of rehabilitation strategies within the system available to offenders is under threat. A harsh and punitive response to youth violence was, in part, brought about by a moral panic across America....   [tags: Essays Papers Juvenile Delinquency] 4620 words
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Traditional and Non-Traditional Methods of Sentencing - Prisons are designed to confine individuals convicted of committing crimes. These facilities are used to rehabilitate offenders while keeping them isolated from the community so they can do no more harm to law abiding citizens. The goal of jails and prisons are to simply keep offenders from committing more crimes while encouraging them to become productive members of society. Traditional forms of corrections consist of prison time, restitution, probation or parole. However, there are some non-traditional methods as well such as alternative sentencing....   [tags: Crime] 878 words
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Increased Population of Prisons - Overcrowded prisons and improper punishment systems are enormous social issues for our government. The United States has seen steady growth in its prisons. A projected increment in seen due to “get-tough” policies that locks up offenders for longer sentences (Ohlemacher, 2007, para. 1). The correction system had been through various phases of transformation, and the government had been tough on crime; this approach had resulted in rising prison populations. There are many factors that cause overcrowding prisons in the United States....   [tags: Criminal Justice] 1612 words
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Rehabilitation of the Felony Offender - In 2009 nearly three quarters of a million offenders were released from prisons and jails in the United States, and it is estimated that roughly half of them will reoffend within three years of being released and will return to prison (Katel 1005). Most of these individuals, who are non-violent, low-level offenders, have little education, job experience, limited social skills and a drug or alcohol dependence (May and Pitts 21). That coupled with the fact they have a criminal record, reduces their chances of finding suitable housing or a decent job....   [tags: criminal justice]
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Economics of Crime: Capital Punishment - Introduction Capital punishment was an ancient penalty. This has incurred many argues since 18th century. The focal points are ‘value of life’ and ethical concerns. Besides, the economics analysis also is important, which focuses on the effects and efficiency of capital punishment. In the article, the anterior part indicates the supporting reasons of death penalty, the posterior part indicates the cons. Support Reason Deterrence of punishment Becker (1968), first of all, assumes that the crime is bad which incurs social loss, it should be deterred, death penalty is the severest punishment, and potential criminals are normal individuals....   [tags: Capital Punishment, Death Penalty]
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Problem-Solving Criminal Justice Initiative - Problem-solving Criminal Justice Initiative We can all agree that an important goal of the American criminal justice system is rehabilitation. It expects that most, if not all, offenders to learn from his or her wrongdoing and become productive members of society (Ballenstedt, 2008). It is this thinking at the heart of a community-based initiative that is designed to bring law enforcement officials together to form a single concerted effort to identify and address patterns of crime, mitigate the underlying conditions that fuel crime, and engage the community as an active partner (Wolf, Prinicples of Problem-Solving Justice, 2007)....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Arguments For and against Waiver - ... The concurrent jurisdiction mechanism allows the prosecutor to report a case in both juvenile and adult court. Some states also have a legal provision which allows the prosecutor to file a juvenile case in both juvenile and adult court because the offense and the age of the accused meet certain criteria (Juvenile "waiver" (transfer to adult court)). Nearly fifteen states currently have this provision in the US. Issues surrounding the transfer of juveniles to adult courts are many but in particular racial disparity, and wrongfully being tried in adult courts....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Sex Offenders: To Castrate or Not To Castrate - ... Although both forms of castration are viewed as barbaric, there are some arguments in favor of it. The most obvious one, being the fact it does lower levels of sexual desire in sex offenders. Literature shows low levels of testosterone, also allow the offender to feel more relaxed and passive, which enables them to have better control their violent and aggressive urges. This would allow castrated sex offenders to become contributing members of society (Carpenter, 1998). Another advantage of castration, which is supported by extensive research, shows combining both castration with other types of treatment greatly decreases recidivism risks....   [tags: Sex Crimes]
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Supervising Sex Offenders in the Community - ... Active GPS monitoring is the method closet to real-time monitoring. An offenders movements are tracked via satellite and transmitted through a cell phone every few minutes allowing community corrections officers to constantly have an idea on the whereabouts of that offender. Passive GPS monitoring also uses satellites to track an offenders movement but only downloads to a supervising center one or two times a day. This information creates a map of an offenders daily movements which can be used to show the daily routine of that offender....   [tags: Sex Crimes]
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Limiting Sexual Deviance by Castration - ... Another legal implication that needs to be taken into account is that there would be unequal treatment of sex offenders in the event a convicted sex offender is female (Scott, &Holmberg, 2003). Chemical castration does not have the same effect on females as it does for males. Pharmacotherapy in females’ leads to a decline in libido less than five percent of the time it is used (Scott, &Holmberg, 2003). Females do not have the option of surgical castration because it is only the adrenal glands on the kidneys that produce testosterone in women (Harrison, 2008)....   [tags: Sex Crimes]
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Juvenile Justice - ... Therefore both progressive and conservative minds championed the way for women to lead the child-saving movement. They expended their time in professions raising kids with rural-class ethics. Such systems were provided for the total welfare of children and their families. In the beginning both delinquent and neglected children were housed on the same premises. However, later they were housed separately (Fox, 1996). Thus the juvenile courts came about through a social movement to give juveniles equity in courts rooted in thoughts and actions on youth’s readiness to change and to give them better lives (Platt, 1969)....   [tags: Legal Issues, Family Courts] 648 words
(1.9 pages)
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Deterrence, Rational and Restorative Justice Theories - ... The model consists of individuals desire utility (e.g. happiness, wealth), operating within their means individuals attempt achieve their desired goals, the rational choice is the one that obtains desired goals (e.g., the most utility) for the lowest cost (Pacotti, 2005). It fails to explain expressive non economically motivated criminal activity such as vandalism (Burke, 2009). The policy that links these two theories together is boot camps, and scared straight for young offenders scare tactics, also disciplining their behaviour....   [tags: Legal Issues, Crime, Punishment] 1896 words
(5.4 pages)
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Monitoring Cases Within the Correctional System - ... This allows an officer to use a handheld receiver to verify the individual’s presence at the location where they are supposed to be (Peak, 2010). The passive electronic monitoring type “involves the use of programmed contact devices that contact the offender periodically to verify his or her presence” (Peak, 2010, p. 321). These systems vary and may use voice verification of satellite technology. In 2000, there were more than 30,000 criminal offenders living in U.S. communities that were being monitored by electronic surveillance equipment....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Prison Education - ... Cornell Prison Education Project Goals of the Organization The overall goal of the Cornell education prison project is to allow inmates to receive a free two year degree. Jim Schechter, the executive director, stated that the overall goal of the organization is to be able to provide an education for inmates no matter what their records are, no matter how long they will be incarcerated, whether it is for a short time or a lifetime. Cornell University Prison project wants to be able to assist the students, so that they can have a set of skills and the ability to be productive and engaged citizens, whether they are in prison or out in the community....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Alternative Sentencing: Money Well Spent - ... 43.5% of substance abuse offenders incarcerated for minor drug-related charges return to jail or prison within a year of release, while the recidivism rate for alternative-sentencing graduates is only 16.4% (Florida. Supreme 10). From a purely financial point of view, the decision to continue decreasing funding to alternative-sentencing programs, choosing instead to funnel minor offenders through the traditional judicial methods, is extremely short-sighted and negligent on the part of state lawmakers....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Alternative Sentencing: Money Well Spent - ... Supreme 10). From a purely financial point of view, the decision to continue decreasing funding to alternative-sentencing programs, choosing instead to funnel minor offenders through the traditional judicial methods, is extremely short-sighted and negligent on the part of state lawmakers. Each dollar invested into alternative-sentencing programs saves the state $59.83 over the course of the year in avoided legal fees and incarceration costs (Miami 29). The ancillary costs of incarceration for minor substance-abuse offences are staggering....   [tags: Law Enforcement ]
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Criminal Sentencing Purpose - ... “Deterrence which is based on the concept that other will see punishment given to a convicted person thus deterring the public from committing crimes” (Wallace & Roberson, 2008, p. 337, p. 339). This concept is based on the idea that society has the mindset to be deterred by the evident of what will occur if they commit a crime. According to Tan Lin offence seriousness can be scaled according to proportionality, deterrent effects appear to follow no linear scale and the relationship between deterrent effects and level of severity of punishment is obscure”(Lin, T., 2009, p....   [tags: Crime Criminal Justice]
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America’s Prisons and Their Effects On Society - ... Inmates share job responsibilities with hundreds of other inmates, and they do not have to work hard at all. If anything prison work gives prisoners bad work habits. Thirdly, education in prisons needs to be a requirement. It should come as no surprise that many people in prison did not graduate high school. “Almost all prisons offer inmates a chance to get a GED but many prisoners are released without having received one”(Muhlhausen, D. B., Dyer, C. C., McDonough, J. R., Nadlemann, E., & Walters, R., 2006)....   [tags: law, police, goverment]
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Adolescent Crime a Result of Socioeconomic Instabilities - ... Furthermore, humans seem to be adaptive creatures by nature of survival; thus, as opposed to being bullied or potentially killed, young adolescent prisoners will adapt to the surrounding culture and ideology of prison life. Depending upon their prison term length, teenage inmates, no matter their level of fortitude, will be broken down, becoming more accepting to the cognitive ideas conveyed by lifetime criminals. This then, as statistics are showing, will increase their level of recidivism over their lifespan....   [tags: argumentative essay]
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Forced Drug Testing - Missing Works Cited Forced Drug Testing In 1995, President Bill Clinton directed a universal pre-trail drug testing policy be implemental. Many feel this forced drug testing is an important addition to our criminal Justice System. On the other hand, there are those who feel that our privacy and confidentiality are being violated, that’s to include our Constitutional rights. Pretrial drug testing is based upon assumption, when we discuss assumptions, they can be defined better as well calculated guesses....   [tags: essays research papers] 408 words
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Juvenile Courts - ... However, the transfer laws do not lower the juvenile crime rates. For example, in New York a law that sent violent juvenile offenders to criminal courts did not have an effect on violent juvenile crime. Serious crimes presented before the adult criminal court included murder, assault, burglary, rape and arson. In other cases, young offenders become aware of the consequences once tried in the adult courts. When committing the crimes, they think that they will receive light punishments imposed by juvenile courts but when referred to adult courts, the youth tend to become more responsible....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Megan's Law - Protection More Important than Privacy - Megan's Law - Protection More Important than Privacy In 1994, twice-convicted sex offender Jesse Timmendequas raped and murdered Megan Kanka, a seven-year old girl who lived across the street. In reaction to this emotionally-charged crime, Megan's home state of New Jersey ratified a community notification bill - dubbed "Megan's Law" - just three months later. This fall, a national version of the law went into effect, mandating that all fifty states notify citizens in writing of the presence of convicted sex offenders within their communities....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays] 743 words
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The Ignition Interlock for Drunk Drivers - The Ignition Interlock for Drunk Drivers The ignition interlock is a high tech system that eveuates the persons BAC (Blood Alcohol Content) to see if the individual has been drinking. The device works like a normal Breathalyzer. The device is mounted on the dashboard and in order for the car to start the individual must blow into the machine. The machine then evaluates the persons BAC and if that person shows no sign of alcohol use the car will start. If the results come back saying he has consumed alcohol the vehicle will not start....   [tags: essays research papers] 954 words
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Alternatives to Incarceration - In 1996, Anderson and Dyson published a study to investigate boot camp success and offender risk assessment for CRIPP (Court Regimented Intensive Probation Program) participants. This study was conducted on 1225 male boot camp graduates. Logistic regression was used to determine which participants were more likely to reoffend after boot camp. Independent variables were recoded for the logistical regression model analysis used in this study. The effect of a prior felony conviction increases the probability of failure by a significant 27%....   [tags: Sociology] 1994 words
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Ewing V. California/ Andrade V. California - A sample of inmates released during this period was drawn from a list obtained from the Florida Department of Correction, for a total sample of roughly 3,793 offenders. Careful attention was given to securing a representative sample from each offense group. The offenders chosen were released from public and private state prisons after expiration of their sentences. The centralized idea of this study was to determine the differentiation between public and private state prisons focusing on recidivism....   [tags: Law Case Studies] 1268 words
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Convictions of Adult Offenders in Canada - Convictions of Adult Offenders in Canada On Sept. 16, 1995, after fatally stabbing her husband as he slept, 19-year-old Jamie Tanis Gladue shrieked: "I got you...bastard." In addition to getting her husband, however, Mr. Gladue disregarded the rule of law. In the course of confirming Ms. Gladue's sentence of three years for manslaughter -- only six months of which were served behind bars -- the Supreme Court of Canada scolded the trial judge for not giving due attention to the killer's "Indianness." This ruling follows the guidelines within section 718.2(e) of the Criminal Code, stating that judges must pay "particular attention to the circumstances of aboriginal offenders." Thus Canada's top court gave its assent to legal prejudice by allowing the same offence to be punished differently depending on the ethnicity of the offender....   [tags: Papers] 734 words
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Circle Sentencing as Alternative Dispute Resolutions - Circle Sentencing as Alternative Dispute Resolutions While the restorative justice movement has risen in recent years, the idea of circle sentencing, or peacemaking circles has been practiced in indigenous cultures for quite some time. As we look at implementing traditional indigenous culture practices as alternative dispute resolutions, we need to realize the effectiveness and also whether we are ready to use them. The Yukon and other communities reintroduced circles in 1991 as a practice of the restorative justice movement (Bazemore, 1997, p.27)....   [tags: Papers] 1239 words
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The Scared Straight Program - The Scared Straight Program The recent media obsession with the scared straight program, juvenile boot camps and other scare tactics has lead to the question as to whether they actually are beneficial or not in treating adolescent criminal recidivism. On television programs like Maury (Pauvich) the answer to treating the troubled young girls who are brought to the show is boot camp. Those in charge take these girls to prisons, dangerous streets at night and often morgues to make a visual argument as to where they will end up as a result of the path they've taken....   [tags: Papers] 1537 words
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Abolishing the Death Penalty in Louisiana - Capital Punishment Capital punishment should be abolished in Louisiana in order to optimize rehabilitation methods and increase spending in more important areas of the state budget. One alternative to the death penalty is rehabilitation. Prisons in Louisiana should not be viewed solely as confinement for inmates, but as a last resort for those looking to make serious life changes, even if they are condemned to life in prison. Since prisons are rapidly reaching maximum capacity, the government should really be looking to reform its current statutes to provide a rehabilitation center for criminals and provide a safer environment for all involved in the prison system....   [tags: essays research papers] 539 words
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No Prison Time for Juvenile Crime and Violence - No Prison Time for Juvenile Crime Students are shooting up schools across the country. Kids as young as twelve and thirteen are being convicted of murdering their peers. Right here in Hanover, two teens have been charged with the murders of Dartmouth professors. Although juvenile crime across the country may not be on the rise, high publicity, headline-grabbing juvenile-perpetrated homicides certainly are. Prosecutors, attempting to satiate public demand for "justice," have begun trying these juvenile offenders in adult courts and sending them to adult prison....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics] 878 words
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Alcoholism - No Easy Solution - Alcoholism - No Easy Solution Mike Brake’s “Needed: A License to Drink” is a well-written essay that covers the serious issue of alcoholism and goes on to offer a creative proposal to solve the situation. Brake addresses alcoholism as a “primary public health-problem” which holds merit, considering Brake sites alcohol is the cause of 19,000 auto fatalities each year. To remedy these preventable fatalities, Brake proposes to institute a national system of licensing with appropriate penalties for violators....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Argument Essays]
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America Needs an Alternative to Prison - America Needs an Alternative to Prison America's prisons have been called "graduate schools for crime." It stands to reason: Take a group of people, strip them of possessions and privacy, expose them to constant threats of violence, overcrowd their cell- block, deprive them of meaningful work, and the result is an embittered underclass more intent on getting even with society than contributing to it. Prisons take the nonviolent offender and make him live by violence. They take the nonviolent offender and make him a hardened killer....   [tags: Argument Argumentative] 1407 words
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Alternatives to Prison - Alternatives to Prison Prisons, facilities maintained for confining people convicted of committing crimes, were used to rehabilitate offenders while keeping them isolated from the community. The Quakers built the first prison in 1790 in order to seclude criminal offenders from society to think about their wrongdoing and to seek forgiveness in a kind, and spiritual environment. (Inciardi 497) Currently, there are three types of prisons within the Federal, State, and County governments. These are categorized by the degree of security they provide....   [tags: Jail Prison Crime Criminals Justice Essays]
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Boot Camps and Juvenile Crime - Boot Camps and Juvenile Crime Five years ago, responding to an increase in serious juvenile crime, the state of Maryland initiated one of the nation's largest boot camp programs for teenage criminals. The program, called the Leadership Challenge, quickly became the model for other states. But last week, after reviewing a task force report that documented instances of physical abuse at their camps, Maryland officials appeared on the verge of conceding that the current initiative was a failure. Military-style discipline may work as punishment at juvenile boot camps, but it has not been effective as rehabilitation....   [tags: Juvenile Crime Boot Camps Incarceration Essays] 1134 words
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California Youth Authority - The California Youth Authority or the CYA as it is more commonly known, is an institution which provides a range of education, treatment, and training services for youthful offenders committed by courts. This system has been plagued by multitudes of problems for many years that need to be fixed. “The California Youth Authority is responsible for the protection of society form the criminal and delinquent behavior of young people(Hill, Legislative Analyst).” This is reached mainly through custodial control of these juveniles and the implementation of vocational, education, health, and mental health treatment services....   [tags: essays research papers] 1402 words
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criminology - The death penalty has been an issue of debate for several years. Whether or not we should murder murderer’s and basically commit the same crime that they are being killed for committing. People against the death penalty say that we should not use it because of that very reason. They also make claims that innocent people who were wrongly convicted could be killed. Other claims include it not working as a deterrent, it being morally wrong, and that it discriminates. Some even claim that it is cruel and unusual punishment....   [tags: essays research papers] 623 words
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Juvenile Bootcamps - Juvenile Bootcamps Boot camp is an alternative to incarceration. In this paper I will prove that Boot Camps for youthful offenders does in fact work. Boot camps started in the early 1888 by Warden Zebulon Brockway at the Elmira Reformatory located in Elmira, New York. The warden did this because he wanted to invoke a new way of disciplining and keeping the inmates active. The reasoning that this style of imprisonment worked was because there were virtually no prison guards which saved thousands of dollars....   [tags: Teens History Boot Camp Essays]
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Juvenile Drug Courts - Juvenile Drug Courts Drug Courts came about as a result of a backlogged court system and a steady, rapidly increasing prison population. Drug courts are a form of diversion that helps the offender through rehabilitation and the community through an increased sense of protection, which serves the best interest of everyone. Drug Courts are community based intermediate sanctions that incorporate treatment principles into the Criminal Justice System and divert drug offenders from traditional punishments of probation and prison....   [tags: Drugs Drug Court Essays ]
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Juvenile Justice - The problem of dealing with juvenile justice has plagued are country for years, since the establishment of the first juvenile court in 1899. Prior to that development, delinquent juveniles had to be processed through the adult justic3e system which gave much harsher penalties. By 1945, separate juvenile courts existed in every single state. Similar to the adult system, all through most of the 20th century, the juvenile justice system was based upon a medical/rehabilitative representation. The new challenges of the juvenile court were to examine, analyze, and recommend treatment for offenders, not to deliver judgment fault or fix responsibility....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Juvenile Justice and Correction - Juvenile Justice and Correction       Justice has always been the goal of our court system, but it is not always served, especially in cases involving juveniles. The judiciary process has evolved from a system that did not initially consider juveniles, to one where juveniles have their own court proceedings, facilities, and even rules or laws. The juvenile justice system has come a long way, and people have worked very hard in its creation. A juvenile is considered to be an individual, under the age of 18, resembling an adult....   [tags: Justice Law Juveniles Youth Essays]
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Juveniles - As I entered the juvenile detention facility on 150th, I began to wonder about the female detainee I was going to interview regarding placement. I am sitting in a locked room with a desk, two (2) chairs and a large plexie glass window. As the staff arrived she was accompanied with Farouka (the name has been changed to protect confidentiality). Farouka is a 14-year-old Caucasian/Hispanic female small in stature, wearing county "blues" (issued clothing). She appeared fearful and teary eyed....   [tags: essays research papers] 1273 words
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Megans Law - MEGAN’S LAW PROTECT THE CHILDREN OR THE PEDOPHILES Megan Kanka was an innocent little girl, someone’s daughter, sister, and best friend. The defendant, Jesse Timmendequas, changed all of that. He changed it brutally, savagely, and permanently. In a few moments of unspeakable horror, the defendant destroyed all of Megan’s dreams, all of that joy, all that hope, all that promise. In those few moments, he destroyed Megan Kanka’s life. She would never live to see her wedding day, never have children, and never embrace her family again....   [tags: essays research papers] 1092 words
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Outsourcing Inmates - Outsourcing Inmates is a Bad Move Governor Greg Benson wants to outsource the states medium security prisoners. Outsourcing would mean send inmates in the states prisons out of state to serve their prison sentence. We would be sending these inmates who aren’t just a number; they are fathers, sons, and grandchildren to prisons in states such as Texas or Georgia. He says this will help with over crowding and will save New Hampshire tax payers money. Shipping inmates out of state will hurt the community’s of New Hampshire, it won’t save much money, and is a bad idea....   [tags: Globalization essays, research papers]
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