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Your search returned 206 essays for "recidivism":
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Recidivism of Sex Offenders - Sex offenders have been a serious problem for our legal system at all levels, not to mention those who have been their victims. There are 43,000 inmates in prison for sexual offenses while each year in this country over 510,000 children are sexually assaulted(Oakes 99). The latter statistic, in its context, does not convey the severity of the situation. Each year 510,000 children have their childhood's destroyed, possibly on more than one occasion, and are faced with dealing with the assault for the rest of their lives....   [tags: Adult Sex Offender Recidivism]
:: 8 Works Cited
2497 words
(7.1 pages)
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Is Recidivism Inevitable? - Prisons are intended not only to hold prisoners, but, also to rehabilitate them and turn them into productive members of society. Though it seems prisons are not doing their job correctly, most prisons, either due to budget constraints or corrupt officers, do not try to rehabilitate them. They serve their time and then are thrown back into the world worse criminals than before. The prison system, in its current form, is flawed. It is nearly impossible to truly rehabilitate someone after prison time....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 6 Works Cited
893 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Link Between Literacy and Recidivism - ... Feeling successful is a crucial part of getting juveniles to not fall prey to recidivism because it boost their self esteem. Amanda part of a book club organized by a judge stated that “Reading makes me feel better, if i get upset ,it calms me down.”(Willoughby par3) when prisoners self esteem are boosted they have a need to thrive and a feeling that they can do anything including becoming a better person. Due to the growing prison population many prisoners who are parents are put in a bind because they can't either see their children or don't know any ways to communicate with them....   [tags: Literacy Essays]
:: 9 Works Cited
1697 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Death Penalty, A Reason for Recidivism - The legal definition of the death penalty is a sentence of execution for the crime including murder and some other capital crimes; serious crimes, especially murder, which are punishable by death. The earliest proof of the death penalty dates back to the Eighteenth Century B.C. in the Code of King Hammurabi of Babylon in which 25 crimes were codified. In 1972, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the death penalty was cruel and unusual punishment, and stated in the eighth amendment would mean it was unconstitutional....   [tags: capital punishment, death penalty]
:: 9 Works Cited
921 words
(2.6 pages)
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Juvenile Recidivism - Introduction: Recidivism or, habitual relapses into crime, has time and time again proven to be an issue among delinquents, which thereby increases the overall juvenile prison population. This issue has become more prevalent than what we realize. Unless a unit for measuring a juvenile’s risk of recidivism is enacted and used to determine a system to promote effective prevention, than the juvenile prison population will continue to increase. Our court system should not only focus on punishing the said juvenile but also enforce a program or policy that will allow for prevention of recidivism....   [tags: delinquency, rehabilitation, Risks Assessment]
:: 9 Works Cited
3195 words
(9.1 pages)
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Post-Secondary Education Effects on Recidivism - This paper will argue that post-secondary education is the most effective method of rehabilitation in American prisons. Education is not only cost-effective; it also has proven long-lasting effects on recidivism, employment, and personal growth. The majority of offenders in the American prison system are non-violent perpetrators, many of whom lack the resources for post-secondary education. By providing easily accessible education, offenders will have greater job prospects upon release and an improved sense of morality in connection to social values....   [tags: rehabilitation, American prisons, literacy]
:: 7 Works Cited
1493 words
(4.3 pages)
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Role of Prisons in Reducing Recidivism - Role of Prisons in Reducing Recidivism The role of prisons and prison wardens in reducing recidivism is a major concern today. With programs initialized in the prison systems, recidivism rates still have stayed about the same for forty years. Almost two-thirds of prisoners will be arrested after their release, and of those, half will return to prison for a new crime. The obstacle faced by professionals to change behavior is a multi-layered complex problem that needs to be addressed in our society today....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Argument Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited :: 1 Sources Cited
544 words
(1.6 pages)
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Recidivism Rates of Paroled Domestic Violence Offenders - Domestic violence is a learned behavior and pattern which is often caused by an interaction of situational and individual factors. The offender may have learned violence by seeing someone else being abused often or they may have been victims themselves. Because domestic violence is also a pattern, most offenders are arrested on subsequent domestic violence charges within a year after the conclusion of their previos conviction. Most states provide pre and post release treatment programs to help paroled offenders convicted of domestic violence....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
:: 7 Works Cited
853 words
(2.4 pages)
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Reducing Recidivism - Reducing Recidivism Education and vocational skills are mandatory in life. Education factors all aspects of life. Without a proper education one is limited to basic life rewards. Not to say that money is the only reason for an education, but it seems to be the force that drives offenders to keep offending. If one does not possess a basic education then the next best thing would be vocational training. Vocational training is an excellent way for some of the low educated people to get out of the life that put them in prison and to achieve a positive position in society....   [tags: Papers] 614 words
(1.8 pages)
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Criminals and Society: The Battle Between Reintegration and Recidivism - ABSTRACT: This research paper is focused on released convicts and the struggles they face to become active, progressive members of society. Sadly, these released offenders regularly face discrimination in their job searches, in attempts to secure housing for themselves and their families, and to be accepted by their communities. Without the right support structures in place upon their release, these former prisoners may very well fall back into lives of crime. Without a suitable place to stay, these released offenders may become recidivists, falling back into their familiar roles as law breakers, if only to provide the basic necessities for themselves and their families....   [tags: Criminal Justice Released Prisoner Convict Crime]
:: 11 Works Cited :: 9 Sources Cited
3252 words
(9.3 pages)
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Technology and The Correction Systems - ... This could be due to the fact that those who are on forms of electronic monitoring are already low risk offenders. The main point of the anklets is to impose a sanction. In some cases the anklets used can test to determine if the person wearing them are using alcohol. In others they are used to restrict the offender to certain locations. This type of monitoring allows for low-risk offenders to remain out of crowded jails while still being monitored. The use of anklets assist with restricting the movements and in some cases can help located individuals who attempt to flee or do not go to court....   [tags: television, inmates, recidivism rates]
:: 4 Works Cited
1558 words
(4.5 pages)
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The Recidivism Rate of Juvenile Sex Offenders between Uses of Legal Sentencing as Adults or Utilizing Psychological Treatment - The Recidivism Rate of Juvenile Sex Offenders between Uses of Legal Sentencing as Adults or Utilizing Psychological Treatment It is typically thought that sex offenders are the type of individual that needs to be tried in our courts and then sentenced because there is really no hope for an individual that harms the most innocent of our society. But there just may be an exception to this way of thinking. Juveniles who at one point themselves may have been victims, and as they have grown into adolescence not knowing why they are thinking the way they are, turn around and abuse others....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 8 Works Cited
2292 words
(6.5 pages)
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Three Strikes Law - Three Strikes Law Recidivism is a tendency to relapse into a former pattern of behavior or a tendency to return to criminal behavior. Many studies have been conducted about criminals who begin with petty crimes (misdemeanors) that repeat the same crimes or graduate to serious crimes (felonies). The fear of repeat offenders and the increase of recidivism ignited the federal and state governments to seek harsher ways to protect citizens’ safety. Mike Reynolds a photographer whose daughter, Kimber, was murdered in1992 during a purse snatching incident introduced the Three Strikes Law in 1993....   [tags: Law, Recidivism, Career Criminals ] 1750 words
(5 pages)
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Juvenile Boot Camps Do Not Reduce Juvenile Delinquency - Introduction Juvenile delinquency is a relatively new phenomenon. For this reason, society’s reactions and solutions to the problem of delinquency are also modern developments. The United States developed the first youth court in 1899 and is now home to many new and formerly untested methods of juvenile rehabilitation and correction. One of many unique programs within the Juvenile Justice system, boot camps are institutions designed to keep delinquent juveniles out of traditional incarceration facilities and still provide a structured method of punishment and rehabilitation....   [tags: Boot Camps Do Not Reduce Recidivism]
:: 7 Works Cited
2996 words
(8.6 pages)
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Chemical Castration and Physical Castration - A Critical Analysis of the Effects of Chemical Castration and Physical Castration on the Recidivism Rates of Sex Offenders Introduction This paper examines the effects of chemical castration and physical castration on the recidivism rates of sex offenders. Using theory integration or the multifactor approach, the findings reveal there are several factors influencing sex offender recidivism. Both chemical castration and physical castration have the potential to reduce the recidivism rates of sex offenders by lowering testosterone levels, diminishing sexual urges, and making sexual urges more controllable if the sexual urges are motivated by increased testosterone levels....   [tags: Recidivism of Sex Offenders]
:: 20 Works Cited :: 20 Sources Cited
4610 words
(13.2 pages)
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The Process of Victim Offender Mediation - ... In a case referred to the Victim – Offender Mediation the participation of the victim in the mediation is voluntary, while the offender’s participation is mandatory without his lawyer, or if the defense lawyer was present he will have more passive role in the mediation process than his own client. Also, the offender is not allowed to participate in this program unless he admits his guilt. Often offenders are remorseful about having injured someone and could benefit from an opportunity to apologize and make amends....   [tags: juvenile recidivism,vmo program,criminal mediation]
:: 7 Works Cited
1106 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Importance of the STATIC-99 and MnsSOST-R - ... The dependent variable was rate of recidivism.The research design for this study can be characterized as a prospective quasi-experiment. The researchers examined offenders who had already been screened and followed them upon release to determine whether they would reoffend. Results With respect to the first research question, the researchers found that those who progressed through the sexually violent predator civil commitment evaluation process usually had higher scores on the ARAIs than those who did not progress through the evaluation process....   [tags: Sexually violent predators]
:: 2 Works Cited
1353 words
(3.9 pages)
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Correctional Facilities in The United States - Throughout United States correctional history, it has been heavily debated as to whether or not prisons have positive effects on inmates and society. Today, many prisons attempt to have a positive impact on the lives of the inmates, while giving society the satisfaction on punishing criminals. The correctional system achieves this goal through the use of four techniques. The four techniques used by the correctional system include rehabilitation, deterrence, incapacitation, and retribution. These four methods work individually as well as collectively to produce felons who can be productive citizens of society....   [tags: Prisons, Rehabilitation Centers]
:: 3 Works Cited
2152 words
(6.1 pages)
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Efficacy of Rehabilitative Programs - Criminal justice programs around the world face various challenges especially in rehabilitating the behavior of inmates within correctional facilities. The purpose of this research paper will be to assess the various issues that exist in rehabilitative programs within prison systems. Basically, rehabilitation programs are used to correct and rehabilitate criminal offenders so that they can emerge as useful members of society once they complete their prison sentences. Some of the rehabilitation programs that are commonly used to reform inmates include counseling, health and fitness programs, transcendental meditation, academic programs and religious programs....   [tags: Correctional Programs, rehabilitating inmates] 2169 words
(6.2 pages)
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The Juvenile Justice System - ... One can assume that the penalties given were so harsh that the juvenile learned their lesson that crime is wrong and there are consequences when a person commits a crime. In addition to the study conducted by the Urban Institute, there was a study conducted by the Whatcom County Teen Court Program that studied the low recidivism rate of teen courts over three years. According to Deborah K. Forgays’ article, “Three Years of Teen Court Offender Outcomes”, self-esteem is a factor that contributed to lower recidivism rates of teen courts....   [tags: harrassment, burglary, criminal record]
:: 5 Works Cited
1966 words
(5.6 pages)
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Prisoners Normative Reintegration into Society - Normative reintegration into society and the resocialization of released prisoners has long been a prominent problem in society. With recidivism rates in the United States upwards of 69% it is quite clear that released prisoners are having difficulty readjusting and returning to normative lives in society (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2008). Prison aims to serve retribution, incapacitate, deter, and rehabilitate offenders, but much of the research on recidivism rates criticize the idea that “prison works” (Dhami, 2006)....   [tags: Social Issues, Animal Therapy Programs] 1706 words
(4.9 pages)
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The Pros of Employment for Ex-Cons - The Pros of Employment for Ex-Cons In the last thirty years the crime rate in the United States has decreased, but the number of people incarcerated has increased because longer minimum sentences and stricter requirements for parole have been established. Offenders serve longer prison sentences that lead to a variety of employment-related barriers to overcome after release (Bracey 253). In the State of Nebraska, ex-offenders find little help when searching for employment. On the Department of Correction’s website, the mission statement reads, The mission of the Department of Correctional Services is to serve and protect the public by providing control, humane care, and program opportunities...   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1835 words
(5.2 pages)
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Evaluation of Correctional Education - ... After each session, the scientists asked their students for course evaluations, and handed surveys which analyzed offender’s likeness of the course. While continually modifying three course offering, the scientists noticed an increase of participation and likeness of their course. Their results concluded that student’s level of success in certain courses affect their likeness of the course and theirs educators (2011). Moreover, the studies had also been conducted to evaluate correctional programs’ effects on recidivism....   [tags: prisoners, inmates, criminal activity]
:: 6 Works Cited
1139 words
(3.3 pages)
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Will Work for Room and Board: Prison Labor in America - American prisoners receive free medical attention, housing, meals, utilities, use of exercise equipment, and laundry services. The cost of these services amount in the billions of dollars a year and government budgets are straining to accommodate these fiscal requirements. “There’s special urgency in prisons these days,” “As state budgets get constricted, the public is looking for ways to offset the cost of imprisonment” (Brown). This economic concern requires work programs to aid in the relief of financial burdens incurred from convicted criminals....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 5 Works Cited
1473 words
(4.2 pages)
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Is Drug Treatment a Viable Alternative to Prison Time? - Prisons and county jails are extremely over populated, so over populated that in some jails inmates are sleeping on the floors. According to Senator Jeanne Shaheen (From Senator Jeanne Shaheen: Prison Overcrowding, 2011), the federal prisons are currently 35 percent over their capacity. The overcrowding is costing the criminal justice system and taxpayers more money to transfer inmates to other facilities and in lawsuits brought by inmates against the prisons. With the prisons and county jails facing major overcrowding issues and drug treatment programs being a viable alternative to prison time, more states need to be implementing drug / treatment programs....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 8 Works Cited
1114 words
(3.2 pages)
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Multicultural Sex Offenders and Static-99 Scores - Sex crimes are one of the most serious problems in the United States today. The legal system is casual when it comes to punishing sex criminals with insufficiently short prison sentences that are further reduced by the option of parole. While sexual offenders comprise a sizable portion of U.S. prison inmates, they evoke an even greater portion of public concern, (Boccaccini, Murrie, Caperton, & Hawes, 2009). Most sex offenders are released back into society after serving as little as one- fourth of their prison sentence....   [tags: Sex Crimes, American Legal System, Social Issues] 1567 words
(4.5 pages)
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Exploring the Positive Punishment Effect Among Incarcerated Individuals - In a quantitative analysis of the effectiveness of incarceration of individuals in preventing crime and especially preventing those particular individuals from repeating crime, Peter Wood concluded that several different mechanisms may in fact contribute to recidivism. Wood acknowledges the work of others in the field that have noted that statistically the experience of being incarcerated increased the likelihood that an individual will commit future criminal behavior. He continues to note the hypotheses of other researchers that such counter-intuitive statistics could be explained by "a theory of defiance" whereby after an individual receives punishment that they feel is unjust or unfair th...   [tags: Criminal Justice] 774 words
(2.2 pages)
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Community Based Corrections: Viable Alternative to Incarceration - Community-based corrections alleviate overcrowded correctional facilities, reduce taxpayer burden, and rehabilitate offenders, while providing effective, efficient low cost methods of supporting public safety, community rehabilitation, behavior modification and personnel responsibility, because it uses multiple approaches and involves both legislative and judicial personnel in all steps of the process. Community-based corrections facilities are located in the community and support diverse rehabilitative programs including restitution, community service and repayment of monetary fines (Moses, 2007)....   [tags: legal reform, social reform, criminal justice]
:: 14 Works Cited
1689 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Female Prison in the United States - ... Ethnography can bacially be describe as to write (or represent) a culture. Like with most research approaches ethnographic research has advantages and disadvantages. A benefit that has been cited for ethnographic research envolves first-hand observation being conducted over long periods of time which allows for extensive and in-depth findings about human behavior. A disvantage for ethnographic research is that it relies on observation which can take to produce reliable results . Quantitative Research Approach The quantitative method is based on the idea that social phenomena can be quantified, measured and expressed numerically....   [tags: justice, incarceration, federal prison]
:: 23 Works Cited
1767 words
(5 pages)
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The Rise of America’s Prison Empire - When envisioning a prison, one often conceptualizes a grisly scene of hardened rapists and murderers wandering aimlessly down the darkened halls of Alcatraz, as opposed to a pleasant facility catering to the needs of troubled souls. Prisons have long been a source of punishment for inmates in America and the debate continues as to whether or not an overhaul of the US prison system should occur. Such an overhaul would readjust the focuses of prison to rehabilitation and incarceration of inmates instead of the current focuses of punishment and incarceration....   [tags: Analysis, Robert Perkinson, Alcatraz] 1930 words
(5.5 pages)
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Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies - Community corrections professionals use strategies to monitor sex offenders. The main three general categories of supervision are statutory mandates, treatment, and electronic monitoring devices. Due to the fact that sex offenders are the hardest to supervise, there needs to be effective strategies. This group is the hardest to supervise because a sexual act can occur at anytime and anywhere in a quick timeframe. Statutory Mandates The laws and sanctions that sex offenders must adhere to while under some type of community supervision, be it low or high risk level of recidivism, is to keep the community safe....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1114 words
(3.2 pages)
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Sexual Assault of Children - Introduction Sexual assault of children by adults is an epidemic that has reached significant proportion. According to Raymond Webster PhD, child sexual abuse “is typically defined as involving either actual physical or nonphysical contact experiences between a child and an adult in which the child is subjected to sexually based exploitation, humiliation, or degradation (Webster, 2004). “The sexual abuse and exploitation of children is one of the most vicious crimes conceivable, a violation of mankind’s most basic duty to protect the innocent, James T....   [tags: Sociology, Sexual Abuse]
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2042 words
(5.8 pages)
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Prison Overcrowding in California - Introduction The proliferation of prison overcrowding has been a rising concern for the U.S. The growing prison population poses considerable health and safety risks to prison staffs and employees, as well as to inmates themselves. The risks will continue to increase if no immediate actions are taken. Whereas fighting proliferation is fundamentally the duty of the U.S. government, prison overcrowding has exposed that the U.S. government will need to take measures to combat the flaws in the prison and criminal justice system....   [tags: proliferation, penal codes, effectiveness, budget]
:: 6 Works Cited
2479 words
(7.1 pages)
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Rehabilitation of Inmates - The topic of whether inmates can be rehabilitated was addressed by Kendall (2010) in her presentation of symbolic interactional solutions concerning crime, which center around the belief that because behavior is learned then learning alternative behaviors can replace the original learning. This argument makes sense when shaping a case in favor of rehabilitation; however, simply serving time in prison has not proven to be an effective method to re-educate inmates. (Kendall, 2010) Yamatani and Spjeldnes (2011) reported that the effectiveness of social services in impacting recidivism rates and successful reintegration were neglected in inmate studies....   [tags: Possibility, Socil Services]
:: 3 Works Cited
503 words
(1.4 pages)
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Criminal Justice Process - When a crime is committed against another person, then justice must be served to those who committed the crime. In some cases the crimes involve sexual attacks on grown adults while some offenses are against minors. In these examples the underling connection is the committed crimes of sexual abuse or sexual assault on adults and minors. When these crimes are brought before the justice system they are processed and the convicted are given a sentence to carry out but sometimes those sentences may not provide efficient time to produce the required outcome of correcting the individual or may be determined that there is no fixing the convicted disorder....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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1089 words
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An Offender Reentry Plan Will Keep the Citizens of Hawaii Safer. - The State of Hawaii utilizes the Hawaii Department of Public Safety to ensure public safety and security while living and working on the island paradise. It consists of three divisions the administration, corrections and law enforcement. The department receives an annual budget of 225 million dollars. The corrections division under the Department of Public Safety plays a key role in overseeing the management of jails and prisons. Part of its role is to fulfill its mission of implementing a successful offender reentry program for all incarcerated offenders....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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1712 words
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Educational, Vocational, Substance Abuse and Sex Offender Programs - ... So the recidivism rate becomes lower. The more skills each inmate learns about the better they are as an individual, they will more than likely get a job and support their family, and stay out of trouble and prison. We also think that the education system in jail works for inmates because, it’s educational for them and it’s like rehab for them; to better their lives when or if they get out of jail, to get a job and hopefully a career. Jobs for ex-convicts are hard to find because employers think it’s too much trouble and a hassle that go along with giving ex inmates jobs....   [tags: prison system,institutional programs,inmates]
:: 4 Works Cited
2050 words
(5.9 pages)
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Corrections Programs of North Carolina and Oregon - Community corrections programs in the United States are founded upon the same principles of promoting public safety and security by housing any individual that has broken the laws established by society. However, while there are several similarities there are also several differences in each individual states correctional programs and philosophies. Consequently, those similarities and differences for the states of North Carolina and Oregon will be individually analyzed and explored. The state of North Carolina advocates its mission to be the protection and safety of its citizens throughout the state by providing viable alternatives and meaningful supervision to offenders placed in their cust...   [tags: Community Corrections Programs]
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811 words
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Is the Use of Castration Constitutional? - The issue of castration has many layers in terms of its use punitively. The biggest area of debate is the rate of success and if sex offender’s problem is physical or psychological. In addition, is the use of castration constitutional. Some people argue that compulsory castration is a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment and the Eighth Amendment. However, does the unconstitutional nature change when castration is voluntary and the decision is made by the offender. Moreover, does labeling castration as a treatment make it constitutional....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1812 words
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State and Federal objectives of punishment - For centuries governments have acted on behalf of society removing and punishing criminals with the goal of protecting its citizens. Criminals were arrested and locked-up in jails awaiting their sentencing. Once sentenced, they were publically humiliated, tortured, or killed. Early forms punishments were cruel and mostly focused on retribution. State and Federal objectives of punishment Today punishment is the most dominant correctional goal of both the state and federal government in response to criminality....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1096 words
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The German and American Correctional System - This paper explores the advantages of the German correctional system and the changes that could be made to the current American system to improve its efficiency. Several different comparison studies as well as statistics obtained from credible online sources aid in highlighting the advantages of three key components of the German penal system which make it more successful in crime inhibition and recidivism prevention than the current American counterpart. Reintegration and rehabilitation as the primary aspect in a judge’s choice of verdict are discussed first, following the availability and condition of programs existing in prison for offenders that have been sentenced to incarceration, as w...   [tags: Prison Population, Social Work]
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1870 words
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Better Ways to End Prison Overcrowding - ... This program assisted ex-offenders that had mental illnesses transition back into the community. This alternative is a cheaper substitute to imprisonment. “It’s cost is about $23,000 annually per participant, less than half the $52,000 annual price tag for incarcerating an adult in the New York State Prison and a fraction of the $240,000 per patient per year cost at Central New York Psychiatric Center” (Shapiro & Wizner, 2011, p.3). The cost to the state goes away entirely for those who transition successfully....   [tags: mental hospitals, criminal behaviors]
:: 1 Works Cited
1024 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Importance of Educating Jail and Prison Inmates - Summary This paper explores the benefits provided by educational programs in jails and prisons. Included are the reasons inmates need education in order to successfully reenter society once they are released and use the knowledge and skills they have learned to obtain a job in order to support themselves and their families. Also examined in the paper are the financial benefits of incorporating educational programs instead of cutting them, as well as the effect these programs play on the recidivism rate....   [tags: importance of education, 2015]
:: 8 Works Cited :: 3 Sources Cited
1886 words
(5.4 pages)
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The Drug Problem and the Current Justice System - The Drug Problem and the Current Justice System The United States Correctional System is often challenged as to whether it wants to rehabilitate drug offenders or punish them, and because of this it mostly does neither. Even though drug abuse and drug trafficking are widely spread national issues, the mental, social, and economic costs of "healing" through incarceration are only making the "disease" worse. Never before have more prisoners been locked up on drug offenses than today. Mixed with the extremely high risks of today's prison environment, the concept of incarceration as punishment for drug offenders cannot be successful....   [tags: Argumentative Drugs Prison Legal] 1825 words
(5.2 pages)
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Preventing Juvenile Delinquency - Preventing Juvenile Delinquency There is a saying that history often repeats itself. If this is a true saying, then society will have to deal with the complex issue of juveniles delinquents, who may eventually become adult criminals, as societies in time past dealt with the same conflict. Moreover, if this saying is true then the community in which juvenile delinquencies exist must have the tools necessary to divert the youth from crime. If one is to convert delinquent youth’s behavior, they need to be able to variegate the justice system in order to prevent juvenile delinquent recidivisms....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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2158 words
(6.2 pages)
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Incarcerated Offender Reentry Plan - Considering the cost of new programs, budget shortfalls and cutbacks the state of Hawaii is experiencing at this time, we ask. What benefits would the state incur by immediately implementing an incarcerated offender reentry plan. Additionally, we ask. How would the immediate implementation of an incarcerated offender reentry plan affect a community’s economy and security. Perhaps, to effectively consider the impact of these questions I will need to determine why there is a need to immediately implement an incarcerated offender reentry plan....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 3 Works Cited
638 words
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The Need for Expunging - The Need for Expunging Funk's article "Young and Arrestless: The Case Against Expunging Juvenile Arrest Records", makes a valid point for the need to reevaluate the current policy of expungment. Most states mandate that a juvenile's criminal record be sealed or destroyed once the person reaches 18 or 21, even if the person has raped or murdered someone. He states by "sealing the records" you impede the sentencing by judge's, effective law enforcement, and increase the risk to society. Funk assumes that juveniles will have the most to gain by having a clean record and the public will have the most to lose....   [tags: Papers] 376 words
(1.1 pages)
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Sex Offenders: To Castrate or Not To Castrate - The act of rape is arguably one of the worse crimes that can be committed against another person. In the last few years there has been much debate about whether sex offenders should be castrated either voluntarily or as a forced treatment. There are a number of arguments for and against chemical or surgical castration being implemented against known sex offenders. First it is important to explain the difference between surgical and chemical castration. Surgical castration is the removal of a man’s testicles, for the purpose of removing his reproductive abilities and to control the levels of testosterone being produced....   [tags: Sex Crimes]
:: 4 Works Cited
1117 words
(3.2 pages)
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Sex Offenders- Four Domains of Criminogenic Needs Assessment - This essay begins with the introduction of the Risk-Needs-Responsivitiy Model which was developed to assess offending and offer effective rehabilitation and treatment (Andrews & Bonta, 2007). The R-N-R model “remains the only empirically validated guide for criminal justice interventions that aim to help offenders” (Polashek, 2012, p.1) consisting of three principles which are associated with reductions in recidivism of up to 35% (Andrew & Bonta, 2010); risk, need and responsivity. Firstly, the risk principle predicts the offenders risk level of reoffending based on static and dynamic factors, and then matched to the degree of intervention needed....   [tags: Risk-Needs-Responsivitiy Model ]
:: 24 Works Cited
2728 words
(7.8 pages)
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America’s Prisons and Their Effects On Society - Every civilization in history has had rules, and citizens who break them. To this day governments struggle to figure out the best way to deal with their criminals in ways that help both society and those that commit the crimes. Imprisonment has historically been the popular solution. However, there are many instances in which people are sent to prison that would be better served for community service, rehab, or some other form of punishment. Prison affects more than just the prisoner; the families, friends, employers, and communities of the incarcerated also pay a price....   [tags: law, police, goverment]
:: 9 Works Cited
1532 words
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Adolescent Crime a Result of Socioeconomic Instabilities - The overwhelming increase in crime during the mid-1980s through the early 1990s created a disenfranchisement that placed a great deal of pressure on the juvenile justice system. Pressure associated with increased levels of crime gears conservative believers in social responsibility to implement harsher punishments as an avenue for social protection. Conversely, liberally-minded individuals gravitate toward the social problems perspective, believing that rehabilitation is the only method adequate to protect society....   [tags: argumentative essay]
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1287 words
(3.7 pages)
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Traditional and Non-Traditional Methods of Sentencing - Prisons are designed to confine individuals convicted of committing crimes. These facilities are used to rehabilitate offenders while keeping them isolated from the community so they can do no more harm to law abiding citizens. The goal of jails and prisons are to simply keep offenders from committing more crimes while encouraging them to become productive members of society. Traditional forms of corrections consist of prison time, restitution, probation or parole. However, there are some non-traditional methods as well such as alternative sentencing....   [tags: Crime] 878 words
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Supervising Sex Offenders in the Community - There are many different strategies available to community corrections officials to best supervise individual sex offenders with different needs in the community. Each offender is an individual and requires personalized types of supervision as well as different treatments. Electronic monitoring has allowed for community corrections officials to monitor sex offenders in the community with personalized supervision plans. Near-real time monitoring of high risk offenders has been made available with active GPS while lower risk offenders are supervised with passive GPS....   [tags: Sex Crimes]
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Deterrence, Rational and Restorative Justice Theories - This paper will illustrate three theories; deterrence theory, rational choice theory, and restorative justice theory. It will outline in detail the policies, and the connections between theory, research, and policy. Deterrence theory can be outlined as “principles of certainty, severity, and celerity of punishment, proportionality, specific and general deterrence” (Burke, 2009). In order for the punishment to be effective it has to be certain, swift, severe. Certainty is more important than the severity in deterring crime....   [tags: Legal Issues, Crime, Punishment] 1896 words
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Monitoring Cases Within the Correctional System - What is the purpose of monitoring. Do you feel that it is effectively done within the correctional system. Why or why not. Monitoring cases is important because the worker wants to ensure he or she documents that cases have been properly monitored, so that the agency can be reimbursed for the time spent on those cases. The reason monitoring is highly emphasized is that careful monitoring of the client is more likely to result in the client receiving services the worker has requested. In this manner, the worker can ensure the services the client is receiving coincides with the client’s intended goals....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Sex Offender Treatment: A Literature Review - The purpose of this literature review is to discuss the importance of sexual offender treatment, to compare and contrast research points regarding treatment, and to address the validity of the peer reviewed articles. Every year 6,000 sex offenders enter treatment (Waldram, 2008). Various therapeutic treatment options are offered, and the primary focus is to rehabilitate and change behavior. The body of research reveals different therapeutic treatment models and discusses the purpose and effectiveness of each model....   [tags: sex offender, cognitive behavioral therapy, recidi]
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Intersectionality in the Criminal Justice System - The criminal justice system is dynamic and has changed rapidly since the works of Cesare Beccaria and Cesare Lombroso during Enlightenment Period and this reflects in the issue of intersectionality with the changing approaches taken towards concepts of gender, race and class. Sexual assault will be a predominate study used throughout the essay to examine the different approaches and issues between traditional and non-traditional justices. This essay will first establish where are these intersectionalities found in terms of sexual assault cases and the challenges victims face in the legal process with traditional approaches then followed by a comparison to the transition towards non-tradition...   [tags: Gender, Race, Class]
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Substance Abuse Treatment and Proposition 36 - ... This type of service is known as out-patient treatment planning where the client has more control over the services they wish to receive. The majority of Proposition 36 clients require more intensive treatment planning which consists of a long list of requirements in order to ensure success while building the clients accountability. Each client participates in drug-education, intensive out-patient services and or residential treatment. The treatment duration can last up to twelve months with up to six months of continued after care upon successful completion of the program....   [tags: California Proposition 36]
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Rehabilitation of the Felony Offender - In 2009 nearly three quarters of a million offenders were released from prisons and jails in the United States, and it is estimated that roughly half of them will reoffend within three years of being released and will return to prison (Katel 1005). Most of these individuals, who are non-violent, low-level offenders, have little education, job experience, limited social skills and a drug or alcohol dependence (May and Pitts 21). That coupled with the fact they have a criminal record, reduces their chances of finding suitable housing or a decent job....   [tags: criminal justice]
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Economics of Crime: Capital Punishment - Introduction Capital punishment was an ancient penalty. This has incurred many argues since 18th century. The focal points are ‘value of life’ and ethical concerns. Besides, the economics analysis also is important, which focuses on the effects and efficiency of capital punishment. In the article, the anterior part indicates the supporting reasons of death penalty, the posterior part indicates the cons. Support Reason Deterrence of punishment Becker (1968), first of all, assumes that the crime is bad which incurs social loss, it should be deterred, death penalty is the severest punishment, and potential criminals are normal individuals....   [tags: Capital Punishment, Death Penalty]
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Arguments For and against Waiver - The process of transferring juveniles to adult courts has shown no effects on decreasing recidivism or a deterrent outcome. Waiver as it is known has three means by which a juvenile can be transferred to an adult court. Judicial waiver offenses, statutory exclusions, and concurrent jurisdiction are the three methods in which a waiver can occur. This research will describe each one of these methods with detail. It will also provide statistical facts showing why waiver can be a very debatable topic within the juvenile criminal justice system....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Limiting Sexual Deviance by Castration - Castration is one of the options that has been put forward as a type of punishment/treatment for convicted sex offenders. Castration can be divided into two separate categories: chemical or surgical. Surgical castration is the removal of a man’s testicles, for the purpose of lowing his testosterone levels, leading to lower levels of sexual desires (Stone et al., 2000). Chemical castration is an injection of an antidrogenic, which works to inhibit the brain from producing hormones that stimulate the testicles to produce testosterone (Harrison, 2008, Stone et al., 2000)....   [tags: Sex Crimes]
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Alternative Sentencing: Money Well Spent - Florida is losing the war on drugs though financial attrition. The economic impact of substance abuse in Florida is estimated to be roughly 6% of the state’s gross domestic product (Miami 20). One contributor is the myopic view by a judicial system that chooses to impose harsh criminal penalties, including incarceration, on non-violent offenders with minor possession charges. Increasing budgetary constraints, leading to fewer available resources, contrast harshly with the rapidly growing substance abuse....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Alternative Sentencing: Money Well Spent - Florida is losing the war on drugs though financial attrition. The economic impact of substance abuse in the Sunshine State is estimated to be roughly 6% of the state’s gross domestic product (Miami 20). Contributing to the problem is the myopic view of a judicial system that chooses to impose harsh criminal penalties, including incarceration, on non-violent offenders with minor possession charges. Increasing budgetary constraints, leading to fewer available resources, contrast harshly with the rapidly growing substance abuse....   [tags: Law Enforcement ]
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Mandatory Minimum Sentences in Canada - Introduction This paper will be focusing on the controversial issue of mandatory minimum sentences in Canada. There has been much debate over this topic, as it has quickly become implemented for the sentencing of drug offenders, drug-related crimes and banned firearm offences. I will argue that every case that comes through the criminal justice system is different and deserves a fair trial with a sentence that is not already determined for them. There have been many cases where the judge has no discretion in the sentence due to the mandatory minimum sentences pre-determined for the case, no matter what the aggravating or mitigating factors were....   [tags: firearms, criminal justice system, prison, trial]
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2985 words
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Increased Population of Prisons - Overcrowded prisons and improper punishment systems are enormous social issues for our government. The United States has seen steady growth in its prisons. A projected increment in seen due to “get-tough” policies that locks up offenders for longer sentences (Ohlemacher, 2007, para. 1). The correction system had been through various phases of transformation, and the government had been tough on crime; this approach had resulted in rising prison populations. There are many factors that cause overcrowding prisons in the United States....   [tags: Criminal Justice] 1612 words
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Problem-Solving Criminal Justice Initiative - Problem-solving Criminal Justice Initiative We can all agree that an important goal of the American criminal justice system is rehabilitation. It expects that most, if not all, offenders to learn from his or her wrongdoing and become productive members of society (Ballenstedt, 2008). It is this thinking at the heart of a community-based initiative that is designed to bring law enforcement officials together to form a single concerted effort to identify and address patterns of crime, mitigate the underlying conditions that fuel crime, and engage the community as an active partner (Wolf, Prinicples of Problem-Solving Justice, 2007)....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Youth and Substance Abuse - There are many contributing factors and political issues that address substance abuse. Throughout the years, many researchers have designed many interventions and social policies designed to treat people who have used, abused, and became addicted to substances. Today, there are many new studies that address substance abuse at the individual, group, family, and community or policy levels. Today, there are many services that are effective for decreasing recidivism in youth who have completed a substance abuse program....   [tags: Drug Addiction Essays]
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The Pros and Cons of Chemical Castration - Chemical Castration: The Benefits and Disadvantages Intrinsic to Injecting Male Pedophiliacs with Depo-Provera Marquita Mack Child molestation is a serious problem in the United States. The legal system is lenient with pedophiles, punishing them with insufficiently brief prison sentences that are further abbreviated by the option of parole. Some child molesters are released back into society after serving as little as one fourth of their prison-time (1). Recidivism is extremely high among child molesters; 75% are convicted more than once for sexually abusing young people (6)....   [tags: Pro Con Essays] 982 words
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Hope for Rehabilitation for Institutionalized Youth Offenders - “You do the crime, you pay the time,” is a common phrase uttered throughout our society in regard to juvenile delinquency. It has been suggested that a punitive response to the problem of youth violence in America is an effective means of solving the issue of youth crime, and would also deter future offenders. As a result, the existence of rehabilitation strategies within the system available to offenders is under threat. A harsh and punitive response to youth violence was, in part, brought about by a moral panic across America....   [tags: Essays Papers Juvenile Delinquency] 4620 words
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Rehabilation of Prison Inmates - Prison inmates, are some of the most disturbed and unstable people in society. Most of the inmates have had too little discipline or too much, come from broken homes, and have no self-esteem. They are very insecure and are at war with themselves as well as with society. Most inmates did not learn moral values or learn to follow everyday norms. In order to rehabilitate criminals we must do more than just send them to prison. Of the 600,000 criminals that are released into society each year, 70% of them are re-arrested within 3 years of their release from prison (Cullen)....   [tags: essays research papers] 1235 words
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Criminal Sentencing Purpose - Criminal Sentencing purpose There was once a Television show name “Berretta” and the show theme song said do not do crime if you cannot do the time. That is a true saying, one that should be on every criminal mind why they are committing a crime. Sentencing a criminal for crimes for which they have been convicted of is their due punishment according to the severity of the crime committed. The Courts have for centuries punished criminals according to the belief of the society in which the crime was committed....   [tags: Crime Criminal Justice]
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Adolescent Sex Offenders - ... In pairing with that, they may also have an obsession with sex itself, or different aspects of intercourse (ex. Oral, anal, toys, etc.). The adolescent will most likely activate an emotion-based coping focus, and in doing so will spend their time trying to run away from the situation all together. They may do this using some coping mechanisms like repression or suppression, in which they push the memories of the act out of their mind, or far into the back of their mind, in hopes to pretend it never even happened....   [tags: Adolescents, sex, offenders]
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Forced Drug Testing is a Violation our Rights - In 1995, President Bill Clinton directed a universal pre-trail drug testing policy be implemental. Many feel this forced drug testing is an important addition to our criminal Justice System. On the other hand, there are those who feel that our privacy and confidentiality are being violated, that’s to include our Constitutional rights. Pretrial drug testing is based upon assumption, when we discuss assumptions, they can be defined better as well calculated guesses. The first viewpoint is the knowledge of the defendants drug use at the time of arrest....   [tags: Pre-Employment Drug Testing] 408 words
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Juvenile Delinquency - BOOT CAMPS ARE A BAD ALTERNATIVE Boot Camps For Children are A Failure According To Substantial Media Research. Wilderness Therapy Treatment - A non-profit consumer protection information, health, safety, referral & education site. More Information: www.Wilderness-Therapy.Org E-mail: info@Wilderness-Therapy.Org Peter S. Canellos, Contributing Roporter, BOSTON GLOBE, April 30, 1989, PAGE: 29 SHERIFFS, LAWMAKERS EXPLORE ALTERNATIVES TO JAIL //acs-VT2000 At least one former supporter of boot camp has turned into a skeptic, however....   [tags: essays research papers] 1290 words
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Juvenile Courts - Serious crimes such as murder, burglary and rape have raised questions as to whether the young offenders should face severe punitive treatment or the normal punitive measures in juvenile courts. Many would prefer the juveniles given harsh punishment in order to discourage other young people from engaging in similar activities and to serve as a lesson to these particular offenders. However, results from previous studies indicate such punitive measures were neither successful nor morally acceptable....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Megan's Law - Protection More Important than Privacy - Megan's Law - Protection More Important than Privacy In 1994, twice-convicted sex offender Jesse Timmendequas raped and murdered Megan Kanka, a seven-year old girl who lived across the street. In reaction to this emotionally-charged crime, Megan's home state of New Jersey ratified a community notification bill - dubbed "Megan's Law" - just three months later. This fall, a national version of the law went into effect, mandating that all fifty states notify citizens in writing of the presence of convicted sex offenders within their communities....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays] 743 words
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The Ignition Interlock for Drunk Drivers - The Ignition Interlock for Drunk Drivers The ignition interlock is a high tech system that eveuates the persons BAC (Blood Alcohol Content) to see if the individual has been drinking. The device works like a normal Breathalyzer. The device is mounted on the dashboard and in order for the car to start the individual must blow into the machine. The machine then evaluates the persons BAC and if that person shows no sign of alcohol use the car will start. If the results come back saying he has consumed alcohol the vehicle will not start....   [tags: essays research papers] 954 words
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Ewing V. California/ Andrade V. California - A sample of inmates released during this period was drawn from a list obtained from the Florida Department of Correction, for a total sample of roughly 3,793 offenders. Careful attention was given to securing a representative sample from each offense group. The offenders chosen were released from public and private state prisons after expiration of their sentences. The centralized idea of this study was to determine the differentiation between public and private state prisons focusing on recidivism....   [tags: Law Case Studies] 1268 words
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Convictions of Adult Offenders in Canada - Convictions of Adult Offenders in Canada On Sept. 16, 1995, after fatally stabbing her husband as he slept, 19-year-old Jamie Tanis Gladue shrieked: "I got you...bastard." In addition to getting her husband, however, Mr. Gladue disregarded the rule of law. In the course of confirming Ms. Gladue's sentence of three years for manslaughter -- only six months of which were served behind bars -- the Supreme Court of Canada scolded the trial judge for not giving due attention to the killer's "Indianness." This ruling follows the guidelines within section 718.2(e) of t...   [tags: Papers] 734 words
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