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Your search returned 381 essays for "psychodynamic":
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Depression as a Physiological Disorder - Depression as a Physiological Disorder When researching the above statement, I have taken into account what I consider to be some of the main physiological and biological arguments regarding depression as a physical illness, as well as several psychodynamic and behavioural theories in order to attempt to compare the two and result in understanding how true the above statement is. When looking at the physiological view, it can be useful to look at the biological explanation that depression is caused by a disturbance of hormones and brain chemistry....   [tags: Papers] 1369 words
(3.9 pages)
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Evaluation of Anorexia Nervosa - Evaluation of Anorexia Nervosa Preface A topic was given to everyone in the class based on the subject 'Abnormal' Behavior. The aim was to present the findings of the subject to the class accompanied with a hand out. Within this report will be a list of evidence surrounding the subject matter Anorexia Nervosa and an evaluation of the presentation. Contents Section Description Page Number 1 Signs and symptoms 4 2 Causes 5 3 Difficulties encountered 6 4 Professionals who help 7 5 Treatments 8 6.1 Explanations of condition 9 Through five main perspectives: 6.2 Biological 9 6.3 Psychodynamic 9 6.4 Behaviorist 10 6.5 Cognitive 1...   [tags: Papers] 1839 words
(5.3 pages)
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Psychological Models -             Thestudy of psychology has been crucial to the understanding of behavior and thehuman mind as early as 1000 B.C. (Rescorla). With its wealth of research andstudies, psychology has provided valuable insights into the human mind and it’s functioning. These insights, however, rely on many models of psychology and require a complete understanding of all psychological models to be successfully applied to the understanding of human behavior. The four main models of psychology are the biological model, the psychodynamic model, the cognitive model, and the behavioral model....   [tags: Research Papers on Psychology 2014]
:: 11 Works Cited
2240 words
(6.4 pages)
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Sleep Deprivation - Abstract Sleep is one of our basic needs to survive, however in the modern days sleep deprivation in increasing more and more each day, causing accidents and medical problems for the people and the community. This essay will look at the meaning of sleep and sleep deprivation and the basic perspectives on what motivates sleep and sleep deprivation with the five perspectives; evolutionary, psychodynamic, behaviourist, cognitive and the hierarchy of needs. This essay will also evaluate the best perspective to eliminate sleep deprivation with the cases studies discussing the general hypothesis of sleep and sleep deprivation....   [tags: Health ]
:: 10 Works Cited
3833 words
(11 pages)
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Biopsychosocial Therapy - I am particularly interested in Biopsychosoical Therapy. (Myers) From what I have learned in psychology courses in college, I feel like the best way to help people in marriage and family therapy is to have a good approach to an individual, couple or family in order to have a positive effect. Combining Biological, Psychological and Social Therapy is the best way to identify external and internal issues in relationships and approach them with a successful outcome. In order to get to the root of an unconscious issue, I can practice a form of Psychoanalysis, Psychodynamic, Humanistic, Behavior or Cognitive Therapy....   [tags: Therapy]
:: 4 Works Cited
1270 words
(3.6 pages)
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Anxiety Disorders - Anxiety Disorders Anxiety is a normal reaction to stressful situations that helps in the coping process for individuals. On some occasions, anxiety may become so severe that it impairs the ability to cope and can create psychosocial impairment. High levels of anxiety that interfere with daily activities and social interaction are considered a psychiatric disorder. Anxiety disorders are treatable and can have profound effects on the psychosocial aspect of the individuals life. This paper will discuss the possible causes of anxiety disorders and the affects that it may have on an individual’s psychological state....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]
:: 4 Works Cited
1294 words
(3.7 pages)
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Billie Holiday - Billie Holiday, whose real name is Eleanora Gough, was born in Philadelphia Pennsylvania in 1915. She grew up mostly in Baltimore and always loved jazz. Billie was born to very young parents. Her mother was thirteen when she was born and her father just fifteen. (www.numberonestars.com, 2010) Her father made his living as a jazz musician and later he left Billie’s mother. Billie was raised by her mother and grandparents. Billie was not a happy child and eventually left school at an early age....   [tags: Music, Jazz] 1114 words
(3.2 pages)
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Michael Jackson - Michael Jackson was born on August 29, 1958. He was one of ten children growing up. Michael and his siblings grew up in a very strict home. He had many conflicts with his father, who was physically and emotionally abusive. Michael’s music career began with the formation of The Jackson 5 in 1963, when he joined his brothers, Jackie, Tito, Marlon, and Jermaine in their already booming musical group. This was the start of Michael’s singing career. He was only five years old at this time, and went solo in 1971 at the young age of thirteen (Internet Movie Database)....   [tags: Biography] 1278 words
(3.7 pages)
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Group Dynamics - Group therapy is an important aspect in the treatment process for many psychological disorders. Group therapy consists of two or more people engaged in a therapeutic session at the same time. The goals of group therapy are dependent upon which type and form the group is. There are three types of groups; the task group, the midrange group, and the process group. Within these types, four basic forms of groups exist; the activity, the support, the problem-solving and psychoeducational, and the psychodynamic....   [tags: Psychology]
:: 4 Works Cited
1260 words
(3.6 pages)
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Gender Theory - Gender Theory Gender Theories can be related to a person’s emotional stability, status in society, work ethics and most important their ability to relate to others. As the sources of text, personal experience, research books, articles and websites are used to explain the importance of male and female communication, in itself it is only a theory based on the historical and internal learning that influence me as a student (Wood, 2011). In the end, the theory that best describes my gender characteristic will influence the outcome of opinion....   [tags: Gender Issues]
:: 2 Works Cited
1951 words
(5.6 pages)
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Selective Mutism - Most disorders present in children or adolescents have distinct symptoms that one can easily catch as being atypical and hinting toward a disorder. However, there are other disorders that are much more difficult to recognize and even diagnose. One disorder that has been seen especially in children and adolescents is selective mutism. Selective mutism is an anxiety disorder in which a child is unable to talk and express his or her feelings in certain situation and to certain people persistently....   [tags: ] 1955 words
(5.6 pages)
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Somatoform Disorder or Culture-Bound Syndrome: Manifestation & Symptom Expression of Han in Koreans - One of the ongoing controversies about the relationship between culture and psychopathology has to do with the long-reported tendency of Asian psychiatric patients to primarily manifest and express psychological distress with somatic symptoms. Cultural differences in symptom expression have been the focus of studies on somatization. “Somatization is a term originally tied to a psychodynamic theory of illness causation in which psychological conflict was transformed or transduced into bodily distress” (Kirmayer & Young, 1998)....   [tags: Psychology, Anger Syndrome] 2086 words
(6 pages)
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The Contribution of Different Approaches to Psychology for the Development of Modern Psychology - Psychology is a vast field which consists of theories and approaches where it involves certain assumptions on human behavior. How they function and the aspects of the behavior that needs to be studied, in addition to the research methods that are needed to be followed in order to understand it thoroughly. These approaches provide characteristic viewpoints and emphasize different factors. These approaches have contributed towards the development of modern psychology in various ways. There are many historical approaches that lead to determining of psychology to the field it is today....   [tags: human behavior, behaviorism, structuralism]
:: 4 Works Cited
1133 words
(3.2 pages)
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Psychotherapy is the Practice of Psychology, by Lee Sechrest and Bradley Smith - Lee Sechrest and Bradley Smith (2012), in their article “Psychotherapy is the Practice of Psychology,” present a compelling argument for the complete integration of the aspects of theory, research, and practice of psychotherapy into the discipline of psychology. The authors define integration as the “[unification] of a body of knowledge in systematic way that is coherent and heuristic” (Sechrest & Smith, 2012, p. 170). The article claims full integration of psychotherapy into psychology would create a discipline rooted in science, grounded by a large body of knowledge and theory, and abled to be more flexible and innovative (Sechrest & Smith, 2012)....   [tags: lee sechrest, bradley smith]
:: 1 Works Cited
861 words
(2.5 pages)
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Is The Big 5 Theory The Best Way To Think About Personality? - Personality is defined as, “the combination of characteristics or qualities that form an individual's distinctive character.” There are many different theories for what makes up a person’s personality. These theories are classified under 5 general categories. These categories are: biological, behavioural, psychodynamic, humanist, and trait theories. If we look at the trait theories category, two particular theories come to mind. These two theories are, “Big 5 theory” and Eysenck's “Three Traits Theory.” In this essay, I will approach the question, which personality trait perspective is the best way to think about personality....   [tags: big 5 theory, personality, extraversion]
:: 7 Works Cited
1000 words
(2.9 pages)
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Analysis of Act II Scene IV of Hamlet and His Oedipal Complex - ... It is mainly this part of the scene that resulted in audiences and readers agreeing with Sigmund Freud’s analysis of Hamlet’s desires. Sigmund Freud wrote that Hamlet harbours an unconscious desire to sexually enjoy his mother. Freud maintained that all men unconsciously desire their mothers in this way, and he called this the “Oedipus Complex”, after the character in Sophocles’ play who unwittingly murders his father and has several children by his own mother. Whether or not Freud was right about this is as difficult to prove as any of the problems that Hamlet worries about, but his argument in regard to Hamlet is that Oedipus actually enacts this fantasy while Hamlet only betrays the u...   [tags: shakespeare, gertrude, claudius crime] 606 words
(1.7 pages)
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“Psychosis and delusional states and their relationship with normal anomalous experiences” - According the fourth edition diagnostic manual of mental disorders (American Psychiatric Association, 2000), the category psychotic disorders (Psychosis) include Schizophrenia, paranoid (Delusional), disorganized, catatonic, undifferentiated, residual type. Other clinical types include Schizoaffective Disorder, Bipolar Affective Disorder/Manic depression, mania, Psychotic depression, delusional (paranoid) disorders. These are mental disorders in which the thoughts, affective response or ability to recognize reality, and ability to communicate and relate to others are sufficiently impaired to interfere grossly with the capacity to deal with reality; the classical and general characteristics...   [tags: Psychology, Mental Disorders] 1905 words
(5.4 pages)
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Treating Depression: A Personal Battle or a Combination of Professional Treatments? - Each year, 19 million Americans are affected by clinical depression, sometimes resulting in suicide (Emedicinehealth, 2011). This clinical depression is not merely a feeling of sadness. The illness affects every day activities and performance. Though there are different types of clinical depression, the most extreme case is major depressive disorder. The reoccurring disorder often prevents individuals from enjoying usually pleasurable activities and causes physical symptoms (Emedicinehealth, 2011)....   [tags: Mental Health ]
:: 3 Works Cited
1152 words
(3.3 pages)
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Sexual Intimacies Between Psychologists and Their Former Clients: An Article Review - The purpose of this article “was to add qualitative data to the sparsely researched issue of psychotherapists’ sexual contact with adult patients begun after the termination of treatment” (Shavit & Bucky, 2004, p. 231). This was completed via semi-structured interviews, which helped the authors analyze the opinions of psychologists regarding this topic. This study aimed to answer the following questions in regards to sexual contact between therapists and their previous clients: 1.) was sexual involvement with former patients viewed as ethical?, 2.) did sexual involvement with former patients potentially harm the patient?, 3.) was there a professional responsibility to be upheld by the...   [tags: psychotherapy, ethics, profesionalism]
:: 1 Works Cited
1946 words
(5.6 pages)
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Personality Stability and Change in Trait Theories of Allport and Eysenck - ... To construct and explain personality he used typical for the natural sciences approach that support generalization. Through statistical evaluation Eysenck established two main bipolar dimensions of personality, which he called supertraits – extraversion/introversion (E) and neuroticism/stability (N). Later, he added another dimension, psychoticism/superego functioning (P), which maintained less defined. According to Eysenck, psychological disorders are found at the extremes of personalities, where neuroticism determines predisposition to anxiety, hysteria, depression, and obsessive-compulsive tendencies....   [tags: personological approach, psychological analysis]
:: 8 Works Cited
1006 words
(2.9 pages)
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Sigmund Freud's Psychoanalytic Therapy Is the Gage that Measures All Therapies - ... Jackson’s was defensive when discussion of possible sexual abuse was introduced in the sessions. This was pointed out as the Defense Mechansims, Repression. Therapist find this useful to bring the past experiences to the present, so that the client can begin to be aware. Chosen Model There are several key reason why the psychoanalytic model was chosen. Freudian view psychodynamic model as a way to provide a conceptual framework. This framework is used for understanding an individual’s history....   [tags: anxiety, interaction, relationships] 743 words
(2.1 pages)
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PTSD and Anxiety, Themes in the Film 1995 Copycat and Therapies - ... Despite fighting her anxiety desperately in both situations, she fails to proceed out of her house. In these scenes, optical distortions are proposed to generate a believable notion of de-realization, which is an abnormal occurrence of detachment or unreality. Throughout the film, Dr. Hudson’s anxiety and hesitancy are made very evident and her panic attacks are realistically portrayed, in the sense that they either seem to occur spontaneously, or are subsequently triggered by being compelled to relive her past trauma in precise detail....   [tags: Disorder, Distress] 1719 words
(4.9 pages)
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How Does Social Anxiety Disorder Effect the Routine of a Person? - ... Imbalances in brain chemistry have also been linked to SAD. Other causes of SAD are direct conditioning, observational learning, and information transfer. Upbringing, weather, and demographics are environmental factors that could cause SAD. For example, research shows that Mediterranean countries have lower rates of social anxiety disorder compared to Scandinavian countries. This could be because of warmer weather as well as a higher population in the Mediterranean countries. Warmer weather may reduce the urge to avoid and increase personal contact....   [tags: social fear, mental disorder] 672 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Significance of Explicit Communication of Therapist’s Values in Therapy - The myth of value neutral psychotherapy has been shattered. Therapist trainees are encouraged to examine their personal assumptions and biases and to increase their own self-awareness, so that they will not impose their values on clients in psychotherapy. Nevertheless, no one is free from values, and sometimes psychologist may need to discuss their values with clients for the following reasons: First, psychotherapy theories have value-laden components and they are often hidden or taken granted; these values may not be consistent with what clients want....   [tags: psychology, psychiatry, counseling]
:: 2 Works Cited
1294 words
(3.7 pages)
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Sigmund Freud's and Carl Rogers' Differing Concepts of Human Psychology - ... The conscience internalises punishment and the ego ideal is the records of rewards and punishments from actions. The interaction of the ego ideal and conscience is what causes particular emotions such as pride or guilt. The Id, ego and superego are all deterministic. The id is filled up with all out instincts and desires, as a baby, this is the only part of the mind in control. Freud said that the Id is hereditary, which means that our drives and instincts are determined by our genes. The fact that ego comes from the id, means that it is also determined by genes....   [tags: determinism essay] 1787 words
(5.1 pages)
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The Science of Psychology: The Science of our Minds - “A Freudian slip is when you say one thing but mean your mother” (Unknown) The amazing thing with a Freudian slip is how the mind inserts a detail from your subconscious that was not intended to be there however the mouth said another. The depth of the human mind is truly limitless from conception till death the mind is interpreting data and responding to the outcomes of life’s experiences. The sums of these equations make up the details in our conscious and sub conscious minds. Studying the details of our mind and how we interact with the world around us resides Psychology....   [tags: psychology] 1019 words
(2.9 pages)
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Somatization is a process as well as a diagnosis - The somatoform disorders are a major diagnostic class in the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fourth edition, text revision (DSM IV) which groups together conditions characterized by physical symptoms suggestive of but not fully explained by general medical or the direct effects of a substance. In this class symptoms are not intentionally produced and are not attributable to another mental disorder. The disorders included in this class are somatization disorder, conversion disorder, pain disorder, hypochondiasis, undifferentiated somatoform disorder, body dysmorphic disorder and somatoform disorder not otherwise specified (First &Allan Tasman 2010)....   [tags: Health, Diseases] 2200 words
(6.3 pages)
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The Relationship Between Stressful Socioeconomic Conditions and Substance Abuse - I recently read a book by a famous rock star, documenting his battle with substance addiction; namely alcohol, cocaine, and heroin. According to this person, he believes that his childhood has played a major part in his addiction becoming so out of control. His father left when he was young, his mother passed him off to his grandparents when she would find a new guy to run off with, and even though his grandparents were very loving and supportive, he spend much of his childhood wondering why his mother didn't love him enough to have him with her all the time....   [tags: Drug Abuse Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited
1100 words
(3.1 pages)
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Social Workers in Mental Health Facilities and Outpatient Clinics - When thinking about social work, there are different avenues that a worker can explore in this vast field. Because a social workers job is multifaceted, workers can not only integrate themselves in an already created avenue, but can also tailor a field, specifically for a need in the community. Looking at the many different fields in the area of social work, the area of Social Workers in Mental Health facilities and outpatient clinics stands out as an area of depth and interest. This field is important because it allows social workers to play an integral part in assisting patients, some of who have been kept in large inpatient facilities for vast periods of time, to become functioning and...   [tags: Career Research ]
:: 2 Works Cited
1481 words
(4.2 pages)
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Analysis of Psychology and Life by Richard J. Gerrig - Application of Psychology As this semester draws to an end, I begin reflecting on what all I have learned. Prior to taking Intro to Psychology, I honestly could not tell you what psychology even meant, much less use any aspect of it in my life. Throughout the length of the course, I have learned a great deal about many different subjects in the realm of psychological studies. In the beginning of class, we defined what psychology actually was, how to use the scientific method, being a critical consumer, and many other things....   [tags: earning and behaviorism, disorders]
:: 1 Works Cited
977 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Development of a Child´s Attachment to his Mother - ... Cognitive Influences According to Piaget, the issue of affection and attachment in infancy is related to the developing concept of object permanence. Object permanence is defined as the ability of the child to recognize that an object is temporarily missing. Young infants do not yet differentiate objects in their environment as separate from themselves. If mother is present in the child’s awareness, she is part of the overall environment of safety that the child recognizes as familiar. Her absence is responded to in much the same manner as if a part of the child was missing....   [tags: Relationship, Caring, Nurturing] 1292 words
(3.7 pages)
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Jenna Evans and her Fake Story on the Internet - ... Evans could have been in a state of psychological impairment in which caused her to feed off of this innocent woman’s life and actually formed another identity based on this women’s life. This could have fulfilled her need for attention, and filled the space in her heart from letting Hailey go as a teenage which obviously causes some psychological impairment on anyone. Jenna Evans was indefinitely impaired by her lack of communication outside of the virtual world, thus causing her to thirst for the attention via the web....   [tags: internet, virtual world, identity] 815 words
(2.3 pages)
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A Study of Adolescence Anxiety, Depression and Low Self-esteem - ... Dr. Edmund Jacobson developed this technique in 1934. (McCallie, M., Blum, S., Hood, & C. M. Charlaine J., 2006) He discovered that a muscle could be relaxed by first tensing it for a few seconds and then releasing it. The idea is to do this in succession for sixteen different muscle groups of the body. Do not tense so hard that you strain. Tense muscle group for about ten seconds and then let go of the tension giving about fifteen to twenty seconds to relax. Notice the difference in how it feels when the muscles are relaxed as compared to tensed, then proceed to the next muscle group....   [tags: relaxation training, psychotherapy, CBT] 690 words
(2 pages)
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John Milton's Representation of Early Modern Literature: Misogynistic? - In this Chapter, I will discuss John Milton’s ideas on sexuality and gender to deduct whether his representation of women in Early Modern Literature can be seen as misogynistic. I aim to identify his motives and question his portrayal of Eve in Paradise Lost. I will also contrast the ideas of Milton’s critics in order to deduct if the stigma of misogyny was an underlying factor in his ideas or just a consequence of the time. I will do this by studying and researching not only the work of Milton, but of his contemporaries including Aphra Behn, Mary Wroth, Aemilia Lanyer and Edmund Spenser....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
:: 11 Works Cited
2597 words
(7.4 pages)
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The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is the comprehensive guide to diagnosing psychological disorders. This manual is published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and is currently in its fifth revision. Moreover, the manual is utilized by a multitude of mental health care professionals around the world in the process of identifying individuals with disorders and provides a comprehensive list of the various disorders that have been identified. The DSM serves as the essential resource for diagnosis of mental disorders based off of the various signs and symptoms displayed by individuals while also providing a basic reference point for the treatment of the d...   [tags: Cultural Issues, System of Classification]
:: 5 Works Cited
1371 words
(3.9 pages)
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‘Social worlds are always mediated by Unconscious Processes - ... 61), likens the effect to a prism, such that disperses incoming reality. From this view of transference being a mediator on the envisioning of the social words, we should look at the manifestation in Projection and Introjection. The effect of projection is said to take an element of one’s character and ‘evacuate’ from ourselves and project (transfer) it onto another. Freud (1949), promulgated the idea that the goal of the unconscious was that of self-perseveration, and many mechanisms were in place to protect the individual, working at an unconscious level....   [tags: mediation, critical evaluation]
:: 6 Works Cited
1614 words
(4.6 pages)
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Persons Define Reality Based on Their Life Experiences - ... My personal values include honesty toward every by in life. I believe that, in order to strive in life, an individual must remain truthful. Honesty not only improves issue in a personal life. Approval is another value that I consider very important to have. A lot of times, life changing many things for us during your life time which is out of our control. It is very important to learn how to accept the things that we have no control over. If we do not learn accept the control on the things that we can’t control in your life....   [tags: theoretical orientation] 1323 words
(3.8 pages)
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Distorted Body Image and Excessive Dieting: Anoerxia Nervosa - According to the DSM-5, “Anorexia Nervosa is characterized by distorted body image and excessive dieting that leads to severe weight loss with a pathological fear of becoming fat”. It is a mental condition which affect’s one’s both physical and mental health. Anorexia Nervosa is a condition that causes an individual to starve themselves even if they are already underweight because they fear they will become overweight and have a distorted body image. It is more common than woman than men, especially woman that are age of 15-35....   [tags: eating disorders] 776 words
(2.2 pages)
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Impact of Cultural Barriers in Assessing Client-Therapist Relationship - ... For instance, a qualified and unemployed Black woman present for therapy session to treat her feelings of depression due to her unemployment, a colorblind counselor might overlook some external factors contributing to the client’s joblessness and therefore might place full responsibility on the client for her situation. Relationship ruptures are likely to occur when racial microaggressions are unknowingly and inappropriately delivered by the helping professional towards client (Sue et. al, 2007)....   [tags: teamwork, alliance, culture] 1811 words
(5.2 pages)
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Psychotherapy: Three Principles of the Analysis of Transference - Three principles of the analysis of transference are proposed: known as a process of change, redirection or alteration, transference can be a very effective implement in psychotherapy. With the research and opinions of therapist and journalist ranging from Ryan Howes Ph.D., Mark Dombeck Ph.D., Dr. Henriette T. Glatzer and Dr. Angela Molnos, there will be in depth definitions, explanations and reasoning as to why and how transference works. There are numerous examples of transference reactions and how it takes place in group psychotherapy....   [tags: change, redirection or alteration] 1341 words
(3.8 pages)
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Is Depression Caused by Nature or Nurture? - The general public believe that depression is caused by both nature and nurture factors. A majority of the public believed that nurture has a greater influence on whether the person gets depression or not. Uni-polar depression is when a person is always in a very low mood which would last at least 2 weeks to be fully diagnosed with depression. A person who has unipolar depression usually do not see the positive side of things. Bipolar depression is when a person has sudden mood swings from really low mood to sudden high mood, bipolar depression is harder to diagnosis than unipolar depression....   [tags: Depression] 695 words
(2 pages)
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Child Observation: 3 1/2 Year Old PreSchooler - For 12 weeks I observed a young pre-schooler Child C aged 31/2 years old, through my account I would give an observer’s view of Child C, three theories peculiar to Child C and my the emotions evoked in me as an observer. My observation assisted in my understanding of the changes in Child C as the week progressed over the 12 weeks. My first few visits at the nursery Child C appeared boisterous and obnoxious. This led me to assume Child C was the class bully, I shared my finding with the class and the views were ambivalent and divided....   [tags: observations, preschoolers,]
:: 3 Works Cited
994 words
(2.8 pages)
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Organizational Development from the Social Science Perspective - Below you will find the important aspects of section 2. Learning Outcomes:- ● Analyse critically the theoretical roots of contemporary consultancy. ● Identify strengths and weaknesses in each perspective ● Consider which perspectives may inform the way in which you hope to work in your consultancy project for your assignment. An appropriate plan therefore is to read through the theoretical models of contemporary consultancy Identify their strengths and weaknesses. Relate appropriate models to your project....   [tags: Social Science ] 1280 words
(3.7 pages)
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Psychological Perspectives of Human Growth and Development - Psychological Perspectives of Human Growth and Development The following will analyse the Psychodynamic theory founded by Sigmund Freud. It will focus on the components of the ‘mind’ including the Conscious, the pre-conscious proper and the Unconscious. Examining his structure of Personality with reference to The’ Id’, ‘Ego’ and ‘Super-ego’. It will discuss Freud’s proposal of stages within his ‘psychosexual development’. It will then focus on Carl Rogers Humanistic theory, explaining his concept of the ‘Actualizing tendency’ and incorporating his creations of ‘Self concept’, the ‘Organismic self’ and the ‘Ideal self’....   [tags: Psychology Freud]
:: 12 Works Cited
1942 words
(5.5 pages)
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Theories, Assessment, and Treatment of Sex Offenders - INTRODUCTION Stories of sex offenders have been increasingly a focus of attention by the criminal justice system over the past years. By legal definition, a sex offender “is a person who is convicted of a sexual offense (Sex Offender Law & Legal Definition),” an act which is prohibited by the jurisdiction. What constitutes as a sex offense or normal/abnormal sexual behavior varies over time and place, meaning that it also varies by legal jurisdiction and culture. In the United States of America, for example, a person can be convicted of wide range of sexual behavior that includes prostitution, incest, sex with a minor, rape, and other sex offenses (Sex Offender Law & Legal Definition)....   [tags: criminal justice, sexual behavior, public safety]
:: 7 Works Cited
3048 words
(8.7 pages)
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The Social-Emotional Aspects of Teaching and Learning - This essay aims to critically evaluate, compare, contrast and criticize, and integrate theories, strategies and skills from the Humanist, Psychodynamic and Behaviourist perspective. This essay will discuss Maslow, Rogers’, Freudian and Skinner’s approaches to understand how counselling theories may be used by teachers and other staff for supporting children and young people in terms of their social and emotional well-being within the educational context, and the factors that influence their use....   [tags: Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning]
:: 15 Works Cited
2500 words
(7.1 pages)
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Promoting Resilience and Resolution in Troubled Times - Echterling, Presbury and McKee (2005) define crisis as a turning point in one’s life that is brief, but a crucial time in which, there is opportunity for dramatic growth and positive changes, as well as the danger of violence and devastation. They further state that whatever the outcome, people do not emerge from a crisis unchanged; if there is a negative resolution, the crisis can leave alienation, bitterness, devastated relationships and even death in its wake; on the other hand, if the crisis is resolved successfully a survivor can develop a deeper appreciation for life, a stronger sense of resolve, a mature perspective, greater feelings of competence, and richer relationships....   [tags: survivors coping, crisis intervention, abc model]
:: 10 Works Cited
1901 words
(5.4 pages)
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Binge Drinking, Health and Osteopathy in Australia - Binge drinking is an individual and public issue that poses an increasing concern on the physical, social and economic aspects of the health of Australians. For many people alcohol can bring much pleasure, joy and societal amusement, however when people drink in excess, or binge drink, the costs to health and the community can potentially be devastating. The definition of binge drinking is not widely agreed upon, however a commonly accepted description is the consumption of 5 or more standard drinks on any single occasion, and often modified to 4 drinks or more for women (Naimi et al., 2003)....   [tags: Health, Alcoholism]
:: 23 Works Cited
1806 words
(5.2 pages)
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Perspectives on Coping and Effective Coping Strategies - The concept of coping is fascinating because it analyses the way in which an individual responds to a situation, as well as whether or not it is effective. Lazarus and Folkman (1984) defined coping as the "constantly changing cognitive and behavioural efforts made by individuals to manage specific external and/or internal demands that are appraised as taxing or exceeding the resources of the person". This essay will cover the many perspectives on the subject of coping, from the cognitive viewpoint to the more comprehensive biopsychosocial theory....   [tags: stressors, personality, problem-solving] 2000 words
(5.7 pages)
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Symptoms and Treatments of Major Depressive Disorder - ... 2013, p. 236). There are also studies suggesting that a biological vulnerability can be inherited, but major depressive disorder can also occur in people with no family history of depression (Butcher et al. 2013, p. 223-24). Neurochemical factors and abnormalities of hormonal regulatory and immune systems can be accompanied by mental changes, as well (Butcher et al. 2013, p. 225-26). Lack of sunlight and the changing of seasons can also play a role (Butcher et al. 2013, p. 229). Additionally, stressful life events or any change in life patterns can trigger a depressive episode....   [tags: psychological, theory, therapy] 1931 words
(5.5 pages)
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What is Psychology and Who Are Psychologists? - ... all, 2010, pp.6-7). Psychology’s roots date back to ancient Greece where philosophers such as Socrates, Aristotle, and Plato started having ideas of consciousness, emotions, and madness (Zimbardo et. all, 2010, p. 9). As the ideas within psychology started to develop, so did conflicts within theories, which lead to different divisions within the field. These branches, such as structuralism, functionalism, Gestalt psychology, psychoanalysis, and behaviorism helped develop modern psychology and its theories (Zimbardo et....   [tags: science, research, humnaistic]
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586 words
(1.7 pages)
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Patient With Panic Disorder and Identity Problem - Rob wants to confront his mother who never embraced him as a child. Willing to talk about his past in order to move on with his life. 5-Axis Diagnosis Rob shows a pattern of the following disorders: panic disorder: he has palpitations of the heart, sweeting and fear of losing control or going crazy. Dysthymic disorder: insomnia, overeating, low self-esteem, difficulty making decisions and feelings hopelessness. Identify Problems: Rob patterns fit the syndrome of identity problem. He is uncertain about friendship patterns, sexual orientation and behavior, moral and religious values and group loyalties....   [tags: Psychology Case Study] 776 words
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Cognitive Behaviorial Therapy to Treat Somotoform Disorders - This paper addresses the use of cognitive behavioral therapy (“CBT”) to treat somatoform disorders and analyzes CBT both in general and how it compares to other treatments for the same disorder. Given the somewhat limited analysis of this treatment area by medical and mental health professionals, and as a result of the relatively recent nature of the analysis that does exist, various recommendations are discussed with respect to improvement of the existing treatment methodology. Somatoform Disorders The Diagnostic and Statistical Manuel of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-V), describes somatoform disorders as a group of related mental health symptoms that are characterized by a patient’...   [tags: diagnosis, antidepressant medication] 2393 words
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The Lust for Murder: The Milwake Canibal - The Lust for Murder Emotions get the best of everyone in stressful situations, but what about those without any emotions to spare. The media glamorizes murders and serial killers by making them the spotlight of movies, shows and novels. What readers and viewers often forget is that these people are real and have resided on the same street that their kids ride bikes on. The people that commit these horrendous crimes are often known as sociopaths. Not all sociopaths become serial killers, but the combination of abusive childhood, environment and genetic influences pushes them to repeatedly kill and take innocent lives....   [tags: sociopats, serial killer] 786 words
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Obsessive Compulsive Related Disorders: Body Dysmorphic Disorder - ... The term dysmorphia is defined as the subjective feeling of ugliness or of a physical defect, despite a normal appearance, combined with shame (Schmidt & Sobanski, 2000). Since this disorder was not recognized by the DSM-IV until 1987, many theorists back then did not have real evidence of what caused this disorder. Most of the researchers had their own theories as to what caused this disorder. Koblenzer (2005) explains that distorted image in which sufferers see is formed from the sensory input that bombards the infant during early life....   [tags: slight defect, face, hair, skin] 1123 words
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Taking a Look at Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - ... Onset for the disorder is around 15-17 years of age and has about equal prevalence in men and women. Those who are affected by this disorder can often have other disorders linked to it or have disorders branch off of it like Hoarding Disorder. The origin of Obsessive Compulsive disorder is unknown due to the fact that it is a combination of environmental, cognitive, and behavioral factors. One explanation currently for a contributing factor for OCD is a lack of serotonin. It was not until the 1980s’ when it was termed OCD, in the DSM III....   [tags: mental and anexiety disorders, ] 645 words
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Domestic Violence in the United States - “Domestic violence is an emotional, physical, psychological, or sexual abuse perpetrated against a person by a person's spouse, former spouse, partner, former partner or by the other parent of a minor child” (McCue 2). While it is these things, the violence is also considered a pattern of demeanor used to establish power and control over another person with whom an intimate relationship is or has been shared through fear and intimidation (“Domestic Violence Sourcebook” 9). It has many names, including spouse abuse, domestic abuse, domestic assault, battering, partner abuse, marital strife, marital dispute, wife-beating, marital discord, woman abuse, dysfunctional relationship, intimate figh...   [tags: Violence Against Women Essays]
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The Application of Erik Erikson's Theories - Erik Erikson was a researcher of the Psychodynamic perspective who lived through the years 1902 to 1994. He developed a theory that dealt with the stages of human development and was referred to as a Neo-Freudian. A Neo-Freudian are those “who have revised Sigmund Freud’s theory” (Massey, 1986). His theory argued that “both society and culture challenge and shape us” (Feldman, 2011). Erik Erikson’s theory of psychological development does not specify specific ages, so the age categories can only be guessed upon....   [tags: Psychology]
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Advantages of Employing Cognitive Behavioral Therapy - Advantages of Employing CBT Fundamentally, CBT is a collaborative project between patient and therapist. In CBT, both patient and therapist are as active as each other. Patients are helped by the therapist to attain knowledge of their problem, in terms of the real experience of the problem and also the ways by which it interacts with and affects their lives. Therapist and patient both collaborate to find the best explanation for the situation and solution to the problem (Haaga & Beck, 1992). CBT therapists are actively engaged with their patients....   [tags: Psychology, Anxiety] 866 words
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Art Therapy: Children and its Effectiveness - What is art. Art is the self-expression of someone of something that shows the hidden or underlying emotions that are found within the unconscious mind. Art has been around for centuries (“Merriam-Webster”). Normally, art would tell stories of past events which were significant to that culture. This could include things such as hunts and sacrifices to please the gods. As people and humanity started to evolve and become more civilized, art started to transform and take on a new appearance as well....   [tags: Psychology ]
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The Relation of Personality in Politics - While searching for information regarding social phobia, I stumbled across some interesting information. Information regarding the psychology of politics, I was negligent to such a concept until this point in time, and immediately I began searching for this information, rather than my previous interest. This paper will give a general viewpoint on politics from a psychological standpoint. Initially it will discuss political philosophers, and how their beliefs could have shaped the political system today....   [tags: Political Psychology]
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Grey's Anatomy and Notions of Truth - The notion of truth is explored in everyday life as well as constructed through theoretical situations such as television dramas. Through the exploration of the representation of certain topics concerned with psychology the notion of truth can be explored ultimately answering the question “How is the notion of truth portrayed?”. Although “Grey’s Anatomy” is known for its scandals, and medical plot, there is also a fair amount of psychology involved in the characterization, and in the cases in which the doctors are involved....   [tags: philosophy, ontology, TV drama]
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How to Overcome Management Power Issues - As leadership teams works together and become cohesive, there is a chance that they may fall victim to groupthink. Groupthink can create issues due to a lack of criticism and questioning. There are many example within history of well know groups falling victim to groupthink such as the Vietnam War and the Bay of Pigs. These disasters could have been avoided if the groupthink mentality was avoided Another issues leadership members may have are narcissistic tendencies. Within an organization leadership has power to change the dynamics and culture of the organization....   [tags: feedback model, narcissism, groupthink]
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My Philosophies on Leadership and Management - Introduction Examples of sound leadership can be found in many places. I very much admire individuals in my life who exhibited extraordinary aptitude in creating influence. From our small-town pastor to my favorite elementary teacher, I have striven to catalyze the same type of positive change I found in these models with others around me looking for a source of leadership. Until the completion of this course, however, I did not have the theoretical knowledge to work proven leadership methods into my projects....   [tags: Leadership and Management Essays]
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History of Modern Psychology: Anna Freud - Male visionaries dominated in the philosophical contributions to the psychology as a formal discipline; however, many prominent women pioneered major roles in psychology history between 1850 and 1950 (Goodwin, 2005). Freud Sigmund was not only among the Freudian to build credibility in psychology field, this is because Anna Freud-her youngest daughter took career in psychology and made important contributions in the history of psychology. The paper will discuss the background of Anna, her theoretical perspective, and the contributions she made to the field of psychology....   [tags: psychoanalitic congress, freudian views]
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Learning and Cognitive Perspectives in Psychology - Many historians wondered great questions that would today be called psychological. Many wondered how a person processes information through their senses and transform this information to solve problems, and become motivated to act in significant ways. They wondered about the nature and whether or not it controls us or is it something we control ourselves. Like today’s psychologist historians wanted to describe, predict, understand, and modify behavior to increase the human knowledge and happiness....   [tags: behavior, conditioning, development]
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Sex Offenders Should Never Be Released - Criminal & Forensic Psychology Assessment. Using evidence, critically evaluate the following statement: “sex offenders should never be released” There is much debate as to whether a sex offender should be released into the public, this debate stems from the idea that a sex offender cannot be treated and that they are a danger to the public as they are ‘purely evil’ (Burke, 2005), however there is much evidence that sex offenders can be treated and re-introduced into society as a productive member....   [tags: criminal and forensic psychology assessment]
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An Incarcerated Father and His Children - At the age of fifty-four Joey was arrested for online solicitation of a minor. Joey has two children, Alex (age 23) and Amberlynn (age 18). Up until the day of Joey’s arrest, he had been actively involved in his children’s lives. Alex was a master’s student at the University of Oklahoma at the time of his father’s arrest and Amberlynn was a senior at China Spring High School at the time of the arrest. Joey spent a week in the McLennan County Jail before being released on bond for five days. After those five days, Joey was re-arrested with twenty-two counts of online solicitation of a minor and five accounts of child pornography....   [tags: Social Work Theories, Family Systems, Pornography]
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Criminal Profiling: Does it Really Work? - ... Criminal profiling is seen as a pseudoscientific technique at least until there are studies done that deliver sound evidence about the validity and reliability of criminal profilers then their “expertise” on cases could be detrimental in the investigation process (Snook, Eastwood, Gendreau, Goggin, & Cullen, 2007). Many investigators do not use the term profiling when describing their technique in capturing a criminal (Cook & Hinman, 1999). “Profiling can be useful in the investigation, management, and the prevention of violent crimes in many ways” (Cook & Hinman, 1999, p....   [tags: criminology, psychopathology]
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William Golding's Lord of the Flies - ... This is proved by his role in the brutal murders of Simon and Piggy, and finally in his burning of the entire island, even at the cost of his owns life. In much the same way, Piggy's demeanor and very character links him to the superego, the conscience factor in Freud's model of the psyche. Golding marks Piggy with the distinction of being more intellectually mature than the others, branding him with a connection to a higher authority: At the very beginning of the story Piggy remarks to Ralph " aren't there any adults at all?" this shows his nervousness being in a situation without anyone to supervise or watch over the actions of the ' children.' the outside world....   [tags: symbolic significance, in-depth look] 1499 words
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Attaining My Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology - I was in a remote village in the Peruvian Andes conducting art therapy with prisoners when I realized this was the most meaningful experience of my life, and it should not be. The study and practice of psychology are the place where my humanitarian and intellectual interests align. I am applying to the clinical psychology program to fulfil the training I need to continue to make meaningful contributions to society and also contribute to the field of psychology through research. A family illness that is now happily behind me delayed me from doing so sooner....   [tags: statement of purpose] 868 words
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Historical Development of Self Concept Theory - Historical Development of Self Concept Theory The development of idea of self or self-concept can be traced back into the times of classical philosophy, as traced by Hattie (1992). A sense of self was related to Greek philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle to identity, individuality and the knowledge of self (). Further, Renaissance philosophers promoted a sense of “self” and “knowing self” as the basis of existence through their debates. Hume (1711-1776) brought about a diversion from the intellectual mainstream and rejected the idea of a distinct stable self-concept, and instead emphasized upon the fluidity of “knowing self” and primacy of experience as a well-spring for a constantly cha...   [tags: identity, self, environment] 1564 words
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Types and Causes of Self Injury - ... 3. Risk factors 3.1 Childhood risk factors  Sexual abuse  Neglect  Emotional abuse  Physical abuse  Loss or separation  Parental mental health issues  Parental substance abuse 3.2 Adult risk factors  Rape or sexual abuse  Psychiatric diagnoses  Substance misuse  Absence of emotional support  Intense and distressing emotions 3.3 Co-existing medical conditions  Anxiety Disorders (e.g. Social Anxiety Disorder, Generalised Anxiety Disorder)  Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder  Bipolar Disorder  Autism Spectrum Disorder  Eating Disorder (e.g....   [tags: risk, complications, management] 715 words
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Core Concepts from TA and Gestalt - ... Polarities are evident when humans cannot accept one end of the polarity which may lead to polarised relationships in which a person accepts opposite extremes. For example, I wanted to mirror my strong and hide my weak nature by using the therapeutic technique of projection and exaggeration. I acted out the role of projecting a vigorous strong walk and I saw that quality in myself. I then exaggerated a weak movement by collasping and crawling on my belly and I noticed that experience and delfected it with humour....   [tags: therapeutic experiences]
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Taking a Look at Sexual Sadism - ... There isn’t a specific cause for the development of a sadistic attitude though research has shown people who suffer have had brain injuries, mental illness (schizophrenia) and social disorders. It becomes an escape for them, during their everyday life they may feel like they aren’t adequate or feel powerless so dominating someone weaker than them empowers their ego. If the sadist can’t express his fantasies because of family or religious reasons etc. he must suppress that fantasy but when the opportunity does arise to fulfil the fantasy he becomes confused....   [tags: sexual practices, pleasure fetiches] 1228 words
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Substance Abuse Effects on Children - For the purpose of this particular class assignment and with funding not being an issue, this paper will seek to create a treatment/prevention program for those who have been affected by the effects of substance abuse/addiction. Additionally, it will seek to describe a comprehensive model for treating this population. The mission would be to eliminate the devastating impact of substance abuse on those affected: chemically dependent individuals, those with a history of substance abuse/misuse, families/children and communities....   [tags: Drug Addiction Essays]
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Competency Based Assessment and Interviewing - Introduction Many assessment tools and interviewing skills are available to the clinical social worker within a mental health setting. This paper will examine one such assessment tool, the competency based assessment, and its applicability in a mental health setting. A comparison will be made between this advanced assessment method and a generalist social work assessment. Interviewing people who have mental health concerns can offer challenges for clinical social workers. Several interviewing techniques that can help with some of these challenges will be outlined....   [tags: social workers, mental health settings]
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Why Young Individuals Commit Crimes? - Firstly, what does it mean when someone uses the term juvenile delinquency. Juvenile delinquency can also be referred to as juvenile offending is when a young person under the age eighteen who in which has repeatedly committed a crime or offense. In the United States and other countries, juvenile crime is one of the most serious problems. The reason why juveniles commit crimes is sort of complicated and difficult to explain. There have been several disparate theories to better help with understanding juvenile delinquency....   [tags: juvenile delinquency, juvenile crimes]
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Choosing Psychology as a Career - Psychology is the study of the mind, its biology, and behavior if the individual. The father of psychology, Wilhelm Wundt, used objective measurement and controlled analyzing to find and emphasize separation between psychology and philosophy (McLeod). Wundt opened the Institute for Experimental Psychology at the University of Leipzig in Germany in 1879, using his background in physiology to study reactions and sensations (McLeod). There is no doubt that he, along with the later help of Sigmund Freud, launched what is now modern psychology....   [tags: wihlem wundt, psychology, hypnosis]
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Improvitional Theater: Saturday Night Live - ... The practice promotes quick critical thinking, decision making, acknowledge of failure, willingness to adapt, creative problem solving, and exploration of controversial and sensitive themes. For example, the first recorded long-form performance is noted to have been about the morality of the Vietnam War8. Improvisation explores the normality of society when the unknown and abnormal occur. More often than not, this performance promoted free expression of stories and thoughts, which may otherwise not have been told....   [tags: performance tools, actor, comedy]
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