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Psychodynamic Model - RAD is one of the least researched disorders in DSM and it difficult to diagnose accurately (Chaffin et al, 2006). There is also difficulty in distinguishing between consequences of maltreatment, disorganized attachment and attachment disorder (Prior & Glaser, 2006). In the United Kingdom, according to British Association for Adoption and Fostering (BAAF), only psychiatrists can diagnose RAD and any assessment regarding RAD must include a comprehensive evaluation of child’s family history and individual history (BAAF, 2006)....   [tags: Psychology, Freud] 2122 words
(6.1 pages)
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Psychodynamic Theory - The theory our learning team is studying is the psychodynamic approach or what is sometimes called psychoanalytic approach. The main contributors to Psychodynamic approaches was the founder Sigmund Freud (1859-1939), Anna Freud (1895-1982) gave significant contribution to the psychodynamics of adolescence and Erik Erickson (1902-1994) called the “new” Freud but with an emphasis on ego (conscious) forces, termed as psychosocial theory (Craig & Dunn, p 11-13). Psychodynamics is the explanation or interpretation (as of behavior or mental states) in terms of mental or emotional forces or processes (www.merriam-webster.com) Through case study, the psychodynamic approach was developed by Sigmund Freud....   [tags: Psychology, Freud] 857 words
(2.4 pages)
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Psychodynamic Psychotherapy - Wars in the past centuries have proved to have enormous negative psychological effects on the society. Since the second Palestinian uprising, people living in the occupied territories of Gaza Strip and the West Bank, have been continuously exposed to stressful situations. Thus they have developed acute and chronic reactive psychological disorders including anxiety, post traumatic stress disorder, and behavior problems. “Medecins Sans Frontieres” or “Doctors without Borders” is an international, nongovernmental organization that provides medical humanitarian aid and psychological support in countries with victims of war....   [tags: Psychology]
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946 words
(2.7 pages)
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Psychodynamic Theories - Psychodynamic Theories Works Cited Not Included What is it to be human through the lens of psychodynamics. Most psychodynamic came in the idea from the development of a early life of childhood, which are in some part of the unconscious. Evolutionists have recognized that evolutionary psychoanalysis have a big gap between psychoanalytic theory and the extrospective biological and social sciences....   [tags: Papers] 1929 words
(5.5 pages)
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The Psychodynamic Approach - The Psychodynamic Approach Henry is a man who often finds it difficult to distinguish between reality and fantasy. For example, he believes that he is better than anyone else at the job he does, and that rapid promotion will inevitably follow when other people realise it too. However, few of his colleagues believe this and they feel that Henry is not really facing up to the realities of his everyday life. How might this be explained. (a) Describe how two approaches might try to explain Henry’s difficulty in distinguishing reality from fantasy....   [tags: Papers] 1540 words
(4.4 pages)
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Ted Bundy and Psychodynamic Theory - Theodore Bundy was born on November 24th 1946. He was born to an unwed mother who was told that she was his sister. He was raised by his grandparents who portrayed themselves as his parents throughout his early childhood years. According to the article I read Ted’s grandfather was abusive towards Ted and his other siblings (Montaldo). Ted was shy and said to be sociably awkward, but during high school he developed into good looking guy and was liked by many. Ted met his first girlfriend in college and eventually falls in love....   [tags: Psychology]
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1234 words
(3.5 pages)
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Cognitive Behavioral Theory and Psychodynamic Theory - In this assignment I am going to introduce and unpack cognitive behavioural theory and psychodynamic theory. This will include the history of each theory and the theorists that discovered and developed both. I am going to link each theory to where they fit in Payne’s Triangle of Social Work as well as compare and contrast each theory. Both Cognitive behavioural theory and psychodynamic theory both support the purposes of social work in which I will cover beneath. This assignment will also include criticisms of both theories as well....   [tags: Psychology]
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1839 words
(5.3 pages)
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Comparing the Biological and Psychodynamic Paradigms of Psychopathology - A paradigm is a form of framework of general perspective, which helps and guides the study and treatment of psychopathology The paradigm helps the scientists and psychologists to shape up what they want to investigate, and diagnose in the area of abnormal mental health, understanding paradigms helps them explore subjective influences that may affect their work. And Psychopathology is the study of mental illness or mental distress and the manifestation of behaviours of mental illness or psychological impairment....   [tags: psychology, mental health]
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2476 words
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The Psychodynamic Model of Abnormality - The Psychodynamic Model of Abnormality The psychodynamic model of abnormality is useful to an extent. However it has many weaknesses. The psychodynamic model of abnormality was initiated by Sigmund Freud. Sigmund Freud was very interested in hysteria. This is the manifestation of physical causes. He became convinced that unconscious mental causes were responsible not just abnormality but also normality. Freud developed Psychoanalysis....   [tags: Papers Psychology] 1137 words
(3.2 pages)
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Critical Evaluation of the Psychodynamic Approach - Critical Evaluation of the Psychodynamic Approach The psychodynamic approach, developed by Freud, emphasizes the interplay of unconscious psychological processes in determining human thought, feelings, and behaviour. The basis of this approach is that psychological factors play a major role in determining behaviour and shaping personality. Freud divided the human psyche into three; the ID, ego and superego. He said you were born with ID which was in your unconscious and it comprised of selfishness and lack of awareness....   [tags: Papers] 852 words
(2.4 pages)
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Freud and Psychodynamic Theory - Freud and Psychodynamic Theory Freud was born on May 6, 1856, in the Moravian town of Freiberg, then a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, today a part of Czechoslovakia. He was born into a family full of enough complexity and confusion to give him significant material for his ruminations on the individual mind and its connections with others. His mother, Amalia, an assertive, good-looking woman, was twenty years younger than her husband Jacob. She was his third wife; he was forty at Freud's birth....   [tags: Papers] 1402 words
(4 pages)
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Biographical Analysis of John Belushi - ... On March 5, 1982, he was found dead in a room in California. The cause of his death was speedball which is the combine injection of cocaine and heroin. The cause of his death was shocking news for most people in the United States because of the success and fame he had at a young age. Most people did not realize the behaviors he had off stage (Peele 2011). The Psychodynamic perspective is an efficient tool to help explain Belushi’s behavior and lifestyle, since he had underlying psychological forces....   [tags: Psychodynamic Perspective] 966 words
(2.8 pages)
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Psychotherapy - The aim of psychotherapy is to encourage self-awareness and self-evaluation in order to enable transformation and facilitate possibility. It is this self-evaluation process that is crucial to personal agency (McKay, 1987) and integral to psychodynamic therapy (PDT) and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). This essay will critically evaluate cognitive behavioural and psychodynamic theories regarding self-awareness and self-evaluation and explore ways in which these theories and their understanding of self may be utilised within clinical hypnosis....   [tags: Psychodynamic Therapy] 1686 words
(4.8 pages)
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Comparing Psychodynamic Psychotherapy and Person-Centered Psychology - Comparing Psychodynamic Psychotherapy and Person-Centered Psychology The counseling profession has a broad spectrum of possibilities when it comes to choosing which psychological approach to take. The field of counseling takes many forms and offers many career options, from school counseling to marriage and family therapy. As there are numerous styles in existence, it is important to be aware of the many approaches available to take. For my research two psychological approaches, Psychodynamic Psychotherapy and Person-Centered Psychology, will be critically analyzed and discussed in depth in order to compare the techniques as well as effectiveness of each....   [tags: Psychology ]
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1747 words
(5 pages)
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Counseling Approaches: Thought-Focused, Psychoanalytical, and Psychodynamic Approaches - ... 7. The idea that we absolutely need something other or stronger or greater than ourselves on which to rely. 8. The idea that we should be thoroughly competent, intelligent, and achieving in all possible respects. 9. The idea that because something once strongly affected our life, it should indefinitely affect it. 10. The idea that we must have certain and perfect control over things. 11. The idea that human happiness can be achieved by inertia and inaction. 12. The idea that we have virtually no control over our emotions and that we cannot help feeling disturbed about things....   [tags: treatment, Carl Jung, Freud, psychotherapy]
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1223 words
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FREUD’S PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORY AND THE RECENT APPROACH - The psychodynamic theory has its own perspective, thus ranging us with numerous experimental findings and studies. According to Freud, the psychodynamic theory has developed from the psychosexual stages of an individual; in terms of normal development, at which, is a start at birth and throughout his adulthood. There are multiple factors structuring of human personality; and therefore, Freud had introduced us his theory in achieving it from the state of the unawareness. Ermann also focused on the same idea, indeed he presented his psychoanalytical research in an article titled, "You touched my heart": Modes of memory and psychoanalytic technique....   [tags: Psychology ]
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1733 words
(5 pages)
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Mental Health Issues and the Psychodynamic Approach - Mental Health Issues and the Psychodynamic Approach The psychodynamic approach highlights the importance of the unconscious mind and early childhood experiences, therefore practitioners of this approach will attempt to deal with the mental health issues of their patients by incorporating these ideas and creating ‘therapies’ using these bases. The basic concept behind psychoanalysis is that a patient that suffers from mental health problems such as depression can address any regressed feelings thus, the patient gains insight of and can learn to work through their emotional ‘baggage’....   [tags: Papers] 580 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Cognitive and Psychodynamic Psychological Approaches and Eating Disorders - Two psychological approaches/perspectives with reference to the critical issues of eating disorders to be discussed are the cognitive and psychodynamic approaches. There are several eating disorders and the most common two of them are Anorexia Nervosa involving the irrational fear of being extensively overweight and Bulimia Nervosa involving periods of binge eating when food is excessively eaten within a two hour period than would normally be eaten in that time. This paper will seek to understand and describe cognitive and psychodynamic approaches whilst also comparing and contrasting the differences between the two....   [tags: Bulimia, Anorexia, Psychology]
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1842 words
(5.3 pages)
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The Behaviorist, Psychodynamic and Humanistic Contributions to Psychology - This essay will in turn look at the behaviorist, Psychodynamic, and Humanistic approaches to Psychology. It will evaluate the assumptions and contributions for each approach. Behaviorists emphasize the relationship between the environment surrounding a person and how it affects a person’s behavior. They are primarily concerned with observable behavior, as opposed to internal events like thinking and emotion. This is a criticism of the behaviorist approach; it is seen as mechanistic and oversimplified, because it ignores mental processes or reinterprets them as just types of behavior....   [tags: Psychology]
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1889 words
(5.4 pages)
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Evaluation of a Psychodynamic Theory of Personality Development - Evaluation of a Psychodynamic Theory of Personality Development The basis of Freud's psychoanalytic theory was that the mind contained three parts: The Id, Ego, and Superego. He argued that the Id controlled the primal instincts such as aggression and sexual desire ('libido'), and was found in the unconscious mind. Its purpose is to gain immediate gratification, according to the 'pleasure principle'. The Id, he said, was in competition with the ego. This is because the ego, working on the reality principle, is the more rational, and conscious mind....   [tags: Sigmund Freud Psychology Papers] 654 words
(1.9 pages)
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A Comparison of Psychodynamic and Social Learning in Regards to the Development of Personality - A Comparison of Psychodynamic and Social Learning in Regards to the Development of Personality "No Works Cited" “Psychologists define personality in many ways, but common to all of the ways are two basic concepts, uniqueness and characteristic patterns of behaviour. We will define personality as the complex set of unique psychological qualities that influence an individuals characteristic patterns of behaviour across different situations and over time.” (Psychology In Life, Phillip .G....   [tags: Papers] 1208 words
(3.5 pages)
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Kurt Cobain - “A person’s behavior, whether normal or abnormal, is determined largely by underlying psychological forces of which he or she is not consciously aware.” (Comer, 2011, p. 37) The psychodynamic model is the oldest and most famously used model when diagnosing and treating abnormal behaviors; its purpose is to find the problem hidden in past events within a person’s life. In this paper I will be discussing the life of Kurt Cobain, describing his diagnosis based on the five axes of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV TR, and what his possible treatment could have been, all through a psychodynamic point of view....   [tags: Psychology, Psychodynamic Model, Behaviors] 1510 words
(4.3 pages)
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Key Perspectives of Psychology - ... The biological approach looks at the relationship between behaviours and the body's physiological systems, especially the nervous system. Biological psychologists also believe that the chemical processes within the brain have an influence on behaviour. The treatments for the biological approach to psychology include, as previously said drug therapy, ECT (electric-convulsive therapy) which sends electric currents through the individual’s brain. ECT has many side-effects such as memory loss, cognitive damage and convulsions (epilepsy)....   [tags: Behavioural, Biological, Cognitive, Psychodynamic] 792 words
(2.3 pages)
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Counseling: Psychodynamics - ... Freud emphasized that early childhood experiences are important to the development of the adult personality, proposing that childhood development took place over five stages; oral, anal. Phallic, latent and genital. The phallic stage is the most important stage which contains the Oedipus complex. This is where the child (age 4 - 6 yrs) posses the opposite sex parent and wants rid of the same sex parent. Freud argued that if the conflict is not resolved in childhood then it could cause trauma in adult life....   [tags: Freud's Theory, Discussion] 787 words
(2.2 pages)
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Psychodnamic Theory - Ian Curtis was 23 years old when he hung himself in his home in Macclesfield, England. The events that led to the singers death should have been warning signs of his plans, but his personality kept him from receiving the help he desperately needed. Born on July 15th, 1956 in Manchester, England Ian had a considerably normal childhood to follow. He had one little sister and his working class family were very tightnit with other family members as well as each other. (Curtis 1995)Ian was a cheerful child who loved to read and socialize with the neighborhood boys....   [tags: Psychology]
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2000 words
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Marilyn Monroe and Karen Horney's Theory of Neuroticism - ... Monroe, however, saw that she could use her good looks and attractive figure to move forward in the world. They divorced, and Monroe set off for Hollywood. She was signed to Fox and after a slow start starred in many movies, always playing the role of the “dumb blonde sexpot”. Monroe met and married Joe DiMaggio after being set up by his agent, and they were married for just over nine months before divorcing. After that, she met Arthur Miller and married him, only to divorce him five years later....   [tags: Celebrities, Psychodynamic Theory]
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Evaluating the Main Theories of Counselling - ... Some defence mechanisms include; repression, displacement, projection, denial and intellectualisation. Techniques used by Psychodynamic therapists consist of; dream therapy (making sense of dreams and interpretation into reasons behind them), hypnosis and free association. While most psychodynamic theories did not rely on experimental research the methods and theories of psychodynamic thinking contributed to experimental psychology. Psychodynamic Therapy was the first therapy used in attempting to explain mental illness and has had great influence on the understanding and treatment of mental disorders....   [tags: Psychodynamics, Humanistic, Cognitive Behavioural] 1681 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Strengths and Weaknesses of the Three Main Theories of Counseling - This essay will attempt to highlight and evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the three main theories of counselling within the module covered this term. The three approaches in discussion are psychodynamics, cognitive behavioural and humanistic. The psychodynamic theory originated from Sigmund Freud, a medical doctor and philosopher (1856 - 1939) founded in the 1900s. Freud developed his ideas whilst working as a psychiatrist in Vienna, collecting information from his patients such as feelings, thoughts and early childhood experiences....   [tags: Counseling/Therapy]
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2056 words
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Perspectives in the Realm of Psychology - Psychology explores human behavior and the human mental process figuring ways to improve the thinking and attitude of an individual’s existence. Sometimes, different techniques are used and tried to properly resolve the problem within the multitude of possible behavioral issues. Moreover, Sigmund Freud, an Austrian neurologist, developed many theories, psychodynamic therapy, for clinically treating people with mental health problems through their unconscious mind; Then, Sigmund Freud’s theories or therapy, rather, diverged into other types of therapies such as Biological Psychology or Cognitive Psychology....   [tags: Psychology ]
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1779 words
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Perspectives of Psychology - Psychology as we all know is the scientific study of the behavior of humans and animals. The following paragraphs will compare and contrast Psychodynamic, Behavioral, and Humanistic perspectives of psychology. Each one of these perspectives searches for answers about behavior through different techniques and through looking for answers to different kinds of questions. Due to the different approaches, each perspective form their own assumptions and explanations. Some perspectives are widely accepted while others struggle for acceptance Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow were the key people in developing the Humanistic Perspective, Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson were the key people in developing the Psychodynamic Perspectives and American psychologist John B....   [tags: Humanistic Psychology Human Behavior Essays]
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438 words
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Dissociative Identity Disorder - I have never met anyone who has any sort of psychological problem, so I had to start thinking about fictional characters who displayed such characteristics. After thinking about the numerous movies that exist with characters who display psychological problems, one particular film came to mind. Teddy Daniels, played by Leonardo DiCaprio in Shutter Island is a perfect example of someone who displays dissociative identity disorder. Even though the movie leaves the audience curious as to whether Daniels actually has multiple personality disorder, it is evident by the end of the film that Daniels has dissociative personality disorder....   [tags: Psychology ]
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1200 words
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A Comparison of Two Therapeutic Approaches to Mental Disorders - A Comparison of Two Therapeutic Approaches to Mental Disorders The essence of the medical model is the view that abnormal behaviours like mental disorders result from physical problems and should be treated medically, in other words; mental disorders resemble physical diseases, in that they are both illness of the body. As a result, the medical approach would argue that mental illness and therapeutic action should be taken from the medical perspective. Whereas the psychodynamic approach concerning mental illness put forward by Freud was based partly on his psychosexual development theory....   [tags: Papers] 927 words
(2.6 pages)
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One of the Three Main Approaches in Counselling Psychology: Freud's Psychoanalysis - Freud (1856-1939) was an Austrian physician in 1900 he was both the medical doctor (neurologist) and philosopher, Fraud who was founder of the study of psychoanalysis also known as the study of the unconscious mind The Psychodynamic approach is deterministic free will. And free association this approach believes that people behaviour and feelings as adults are rooted in childhood experiences. Freud believed that much of peoples behaviour is determined by unconscious thoughts, memories etc. He compared the mind to an iceberg, with the tip of the iceberg being the conscious mind and the larger part as being the unconscious mind....   [tags: Counselling, Psychology, Freud, Psychoanalysis,] 2211 words
(6.3 pages)
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Foundations of Psychology - ... This may help to eliminate some of the longstanding criticism of psychodynamic psychology's use of speculative methods and subjective measures (Kowalski & Westen, 2009). The behaviorist perspective of psychology originated in the early twentieth century with Russian researcher Ivan Pavlov, who accidentally discovered learned behavior in dogs whose digestive systems he was researching, and was the most influential psychological perspective from the 1920s to the 1960s. Behaviorist theory proposes that behavior is influenced almost entirely by learning and can be interpreted without discussing thoughts, feelings, and motives, which cannot be objectively observed....   [tags: Contemporary Psychology]
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776 words
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Talking Therapy - Verbal and non-verbal components commonly used in talking therapies can enhance the therapeutic value of dialogue. The theory and practice that underpins these components will be explored and critically debated in relation to metaphors and their meaning. Encouraging clients to become autonomous and self directed through an enhancement of responsibility for their therapy progression, is an approach that was first introduced by Carl Rogers in 1951 (Hough 2007). This Person-Centred approach permits the therapist to take a nondirective role, allowing clients to become their own person and fulfil their unique potential in therapy sessions (Nelson-Jones 2006)....   [tags: Psychology] 519 words
(1.5 pages)
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The Theories and Treatment behind Depression - Freud suggested/believed that children who are fixed in the oral stage of the psychosexual stages are mostly the children who develop depression; people who are often stuck in the oral stage can have not seen the necessity to move forward to the other stages due to being overly loved in the first few years of childhood. The main explanation of developing depression according to Freud (a psychodynamic psychologist) is that a loss of a loved one or something very important to them, the loss can be real or something imagined (Lowry 1984) is the main cause for developing depression....   [tags: depression, Freud, childhood, psychology,] 1082 words
(3.1 pages)
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An analysis of Schools of Psychotherapy as they relate to Anger Management - An analysis of Schools of Psychotherapy as they relate to Anger Management Anger is a basic human emotion that transcends cultural boundaries. However, despite its universality, an exact definition agreed upon by all people is lacking (Norcross & Kobayashi, 1999). Physiologically, brain centers in the amygdala are connected to anger processing. Because the information processing that takes place in this brain structure is primitive, anger can be triggered inappropriately and without the individual's knowledge of the cause....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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3502 words
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Human Nature According to Psychoanalysis and the Humanistic Psychology - Human Nature According to Psychoanalysis and the Humanistic Psychology As Carl Jung stated “ As far as we can discern, the sole purpose of human existence is to kindle a light of meaning in the darkness of mere being”. Reflecting on what it is to be a person raises profound questions which have been very much the concern of two major psychological perspectives: the psychoanalysis and the humanistic psychology....   [tags: Papers] 1003 words
(2.9 pages)
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Theorectical Bases For Counseling - Five major theoretical bases for counseling in psychology are biological, learning, cognitive, psychodynamic, and sociocultural. Each one of these perspectives searches for answers about behavior through different techniques and researching a clients childhood or adult life experiences looking for answers to different kinds of questions. Due to the different types and styles of counseling approaches, each counselor forms their own thoughts and explanations. The premise behind the biological perspective in psychology is that all actions, feelings, and thoughts are associated with different events in a person’s life....   [tags: essays research papers] 670 words
(1.9 pages)
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Sigmund Frued's Psychology - Sigmund Freud was born in 1856 in Frieber, Moravia; his father was a wool merchant and his mother was twenty years younger than his father. Freud had two step brothers which were around the same age as his mother; one stepbrother had a son who became Freud’s playmate growing up (Sigmund). Around the age of four, Freud and his family moved to Vienna where he stayed for a majority of his life. (Boeree) When Freud’s family moved to Vienna, they lived in an area that was highly populated with Jews (the Leopoldstadt slum) but the city around them was majority Catholic....   [tags: Biography ]
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1343 words
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Marilyn Monroe - Marilyn Monroe is an iconic sex symbol who will never be forgotten. “She dominated the age of movie stars to become, without question, the most famous woman of the 20th Century” (“Marilyn Monroe,” 2006). She is known for her movies and for her promiscuous love life, but little is known about her emotional turmoil. She was born Norma Jeane Mortenson (later baptized as Norma Jeane Baker) on June 1, 1926, in Los Angeles, California (“Marilyn Monroe Biography,” 2010). She was born to a mother who had severe psychiatric problems and had an unknown father....   [tags: Biography, Monroe] 1496 words
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Useful Theories of Human Development - There are many areas of psychology. The field of human development is divided into five main theory groups. The theory groups are psychodynamic, biological, cognitive, behavioral, and systems. Each theory group has many contributing theorists, all with different views, beliefs, research methods, and life experiences. All theories are valuable in the field of psychology, however some theories may prove to be more helpful than others, in specific careers. There are some theoretical approaches that I will utilize while working with school-aged children and others that I will discard....   [tags: Psychology]
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1791 words
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Psychoanalysis Therapy - Yalom’s second chapter in the book “Love’s Executioner” (2000) describes the therapy of a terminally ill man, named Carlos, who had been alienating members during his group therapy and other people in his life him. Additionally he had been using his preoccupation with sex as means of death denial. Yalom approaches Carlos in different therapeutically ways; using psychodynamic therapy, persona-centered therapy, rational emotive behavior therapy, and Adlerian therapy. Psychoanalysis as a therapy is based on the theory that there is a causal relationship between the current mental development of an individual, his or her wishes and desires, needs and behavior, both conscious and unconscious, and his or her experiences from the past (Corey, 2009; Luborsky, O’Reilly-Landry, & Arlow, 2008)....   [tags: Psychology ]
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2136 words
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5 Major Perspectives in Psychology - The five major theoretical perspectives in psychology are biological, learning, cognitive, psychodynamic, and sociocultural perspectives. Each one of these perspectives searches for answers about behavior through different techniques and through looking for answers to different kinds of questions. Due to the different approaches, each perspective form their own assumptions and explanations. Some perspectives are widely accepted while others struggle for acceptance. Biological perspective "The premise behind the biological perspective in psychology is that all actions, feelings, and thoughts are associated with bodily events." Biological psychologists examine how all of the electrical impulses, hormones, and chemicals flowing through the body can effect behavior and how changes to these bodily functions can change behavior....   [tags: Psychology Perspective essays research papers] 1046 words
(3 pages)
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A Comparison of Two Schools of Psychology - A Comparison of Two Schools of Psychology There are many different schools of psychology, each have their own views and they all look at psychology from different perspectives. I am going to outline six perspectives and then compare and contrast two schools. The biological perspective and major figures such as Karl Lashley looks to the body to explain the mind, they look at hormones, genes, the brain, and the central nervous system to explain the way we think, feel and act....   [tags: Papers] 1020 words
(2.9 pages)
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Nature of Aggression - Nature of Aggression Aggression is the quintessential basis for all sociopathic behavior, and a primary concern in the fields of behavioral, developmental, social, and clinical psychology, and is covered to some extent in nearly every other field of psychology. Yet aggression is also necessary for human beings as a way to protect one's individuality, to enhance one's social standing, and often to protect oneself from bodily harm—all purposes very important to the maintenance of one's mental health also....   [tags: Papers] 1880 words
(5.4 pages)
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Understanding of the Self - Understanding of the Self INTRODUCTION      The social constructionist perspective holds the view that the self is continuing "shaped and reshaped through interactions with others and involvement in social and cultural activities" (Wetherell & Maybin, 1996, p 220). Social constructionist is concerned with explicating the processes by which people come to describe, explain, or otherwise account for the world (including themselves) in which they live (Gergen, 1971). Thus, the social constructionist approach implies that the self is shaped by social interaction within historical, cultural and social contexts....   [tags: Compare Contrast Psychology Essays] 1944 words
(5.6 pages)
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Three Main Approaches in Counseling Psychology - This essay will choose one of the three main approaches in counselling psychology. And comment on how and why you understand it to be effective. How has this approach developed over time. Who were the main practitioners responsible for creating this approach. The essay will explore What does it offer which is different to the other two main approaches the essay will also Consider aspects such as the therapeutic relationship versus the importance of techniques in bringing about positive change in the client (Relation ship) between Clint the therapist .Therapy Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was an Austrian physician In 1900 he was both the medical doctor(nurologist) and philosopher, Fraud who was founder of the study of psychoanalysis also known as the study of the unconscious mind A key assumption of the psychoanalytic theory is that much of human behaviour is determined by unconscious thoughts, wishes, memories and so on....   [tags: Counseling Psychology] 2507 words
(7.2 pages)
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Abnormal Behavior - Abnormal behavior was once viewed as an embarrassment to society. Those who suffered from a mental illness or displayed abnormal behavior were locked away and never spoken of. Today abnormal behavior is viewed much differently. With the study of psychology and the help of the medical field, abnormal behavior has become better understood. This essay will discuss the major theories for the cause of abnormal behavior, how abnormal behavior is diagnosed and what type of behavioral issues are related to abnormal behavior....   [tags: Psychology]
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2388 words
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Clinical Psychology - Clinical psychology aims to understand, treat and prevent psychological distress and dysfunction thus to encourage good health, good adaptive thinking and a healthy lifestyle. People working in this field research into mental dysfunction suffered by the patients, assess their cognitive state of mind and perform psychotherapy to decrease the psychological symptoms and/ or the underlying causes. There are many sub divisions of therapies focusing on different routes of cure/prevention. Biologically, chemotherapy and psychosurgeries are available; but below I will discuss the treatments available psychologically....   [tags: Psychoanalysis]
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2604 words
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A Psychoanalysis of Edward Gein - I have chosen to write my Case Study paper on Edward Gein from the Psychodynamic theoretical perspective. I believe that his behavior is a perfect case for the psychodynamic perspective because of the family dynamic in his home. These circumstances led to the actions that would become the inspiration for many books and movie characters because of the oddity and extreme nature of his human interactions. Possibly the first crime that Edward committed was killing his older brother. This has significance on the psychological level because Edward’s older brother began to disagree with their mother’s world perspective and I believe this was the motivation for this crime....   [tags: Case Study]
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1250 words
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Lindsay Lohan - Lindsay Lohan was born on July 2, 1986. She is the oldest of 4 kids and her parents are divorced. Her dad was not very much a part of her life growing up and to this day she does not have anything to do with him. Lohan was a rising child star who started her acting career at the age of three. She starred in many commercials before showcasing her fabulous acting ability when she appeared in the remake of Parent Trap in 1998. She took a little time off after this showcase to be a “normal” child. After dropping out of high school, she had a few bigger screen acting jobs and some extra shots in daytime television (Current Biography, 2005)....   [tags: Biography] 1796 words
(5.1 pages)
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Theories of Development - Theories of Development There are many branches of psychology. The field of human development is divided into five theory groups. The theory groups are Psychodynamic, Cognitive, Systems, Biological and Behavioral. Each theory group has many contributing theorists. Some theories overlap while others are independent. Often theories are credible whereas others cause skepticism. There are many contributors to the world of psychology with different views and beliefs about human development. Psychodynamic Theory Sigmund Freud was one of the most influential contributors to the field of psychology....   [tags: Psychology]
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1785 words
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Narcissistic Personality Disorder - The case that we will be looking at throughout this paper is that of ‘Joe’ (name changed to so that he/she may remain anonymous. Joe has what is diagnosed by clinicians as narcissistic personality disorder. According to the DSM – IV –TR, this is characterized by ‘a pervasive pattern of grandiosity (in fantasy or behavior), need for admiration and lack of empathy, beginning by early adult and present in a variety of contexts.’ The DSM lists nine criteria and Joe must exhibit 5 or more of them to be diagnosed with narcissistic personality disorder....   [tags: Psychology]
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Psychological Disorders and Treatment - ... This can possibly be associated to the victimization and sexual abuse she received as a child. After receiving reports from her gynecologist, a thorough medical exam, a complete medical and psychological history, and lab work to rule out any medical conditions, Sara’s symptoms could be diagnosed as Female Sexual Arousal Disorder (FSAD). Female Sexual Arousal Disorder (FSAD) is the “Inability to attain or maintain until completion of sexual activity adequate lubrication in response to sexual excitement....   [tags: ]
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1046 words
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Abnormal Psychology - It’s human nature to wonder why we act the way that we do and why things happen. So many scholars over the years have come up with numerous theories in order to categorize the things that are known and explanations of what it all means. Life is full of trials and tribulations and those who study maladaptive behavior usually focus on the thoughts, feelings, perceptions, and skills one uses during daily living. Feelings, thoughts, perceptions and skills all combine to aid in creating our mental states and lead to behavioral abnormalities....   [tags: Maladaptive Behavior, Abnormal Behavior]
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1885 words
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The Effects of Nature and Nurture on Shaping of Behavior - The Effects of Nature and Nurture on Shaping of Behavior The nature/nurture investigation has been studied for many years by psychologists and it is a subject that is still in debate today. It brings up the question, how is our behaviour shaped, and the two sides of the answer are nature and nurture. Behaviour in the context of a human being can be described as; the way humans act and think in situations. What is meant by nature and nurture. Nature is the word used to describe the biological aspects that shape behaviour, for example genes....   [tags: Papers Psychology Essays Sociology]
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529 words
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Hypochondriasis - Hypochondriasis is a mental illness wherein an individual is preoccupied with the fear of having or the idea of having a serious disease. It involves the misunderstanding of bodily symptoms. The sensations of most hypochondriacs are intense and disturbing, leading to incorrectly connecting the symptoms to a serious disease. It said that hypochondria is caused by a patients excessive worrying with having or developing a disease. Often these patients seek medical attention, but a doctor's reassurance does not help the situation....   [tags: essays research papers] 846 words
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Interventions In The Narcissistic Disorders - Introduction Understanding the Narcissistic Phenomenon The so called ‘narcissistic personality disorder’ is a complex and often misunderstood disorder. The cardinal feature of the narcissistic personality is the grandiose sense of self importance, but paradoxically underneath this grandiosity the narcissist suffers from a chronically fragile low self esteem. The grandiosity of the narcissist, however, is often so pervasive that we tend to dehumanize him or her. The narcissist conjures in us images of the mythological character Narcissus who could only love himself, rebuffing anyone who attempted to touch him....   [tags: essays research papers] 5580 words
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Outline and evaluate two explanations of attachment John Bowlby argued that attachment is a biological need - Outline and evaluate two explanations of attachment John Bowlby argued that attachment is a biological need to attach to our caregiver. This attachment is innate and we have evolved in this way to maximise protection, as forming this attachment has survival value – staying close to the mother or primary care giver (PCG) ensures food and protection from danger. This one special attachment that a baby has with his/her PCG is called monotropy, which gives us a template, or internal working model for all future attachments and relationships....   [tags: Papers] 431 words
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Anthropology and UFOs - Sociology & Psychology: Anthropology and UFOs Generic introduction I will start my overview of sociological, psychological, and psychoanalytic work on UFOs in the US by isolating several key genres in the many fields concerned with UFOs. A first genre is the analysis of the social psychology of UFO belief. Jung (1991) was among the first to take this approach with his psychoanalysis of saucer reports, though he also focused on the psychological profiles of self-identified UFO witnesses. His broader analytic work has served as a point of departure for later studies of the symbolic content of UFO reports, alien folklore, and sci-fi entertainment....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Fernando, 16, Finds a Sanctuary in Crime: A Case Study - ... It must be noted that while Fernando engages in behavior that undermines him, he is not so impulse-driven as to threaten his own life or his immediate physical well-being. His submissive reaction at the bar on seeing the police officer, not returning to his apartment in the fear of being caught and avoiding the use of drugs that killed his father indicate that though his reality testing and judgment are impaired, they are not completely damaged. Fernando’s excessive dependence on his fellow gang members indicates his desire to be accepted and loved, something which he did not experience from his family....   [tags: Mahler, developmental psychiatry]
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Creative Art Therapy: - Creative Art Therapy: Creative art therapy is a technique that implements theory of three major schools of thought: PSYCHODYNAMIC HUMANISTIC BEHAVIORISM „Y Uses: Therapists use this implementation of theory and introduce this technique to the client at the appropriate time to facilitate creativity, personal growth, and therapeutic change. PSYCHDYNAMIC Creative art therapy can be used as a medium to capture hidden impulses, and emotions. This technique also helps to explore unconscious secret desires and fears....   [tags: essays papers] 1041 words
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The Psychology of Freud - The Psychology of Freud After Charles Darwin, Sigmund Freud (1836 – 1939) probably revolutionized Western thought more than any other thinker in the past century. His psychodynamic approach to psychology and the forces behind human motivations is best known for its focus on childhood sexuality and his picture of the mind. His research focused on case studies of individuals and their motivations first through hypnosis and later through a technique that he called “psychoanalysis” where he allowed the patient to talk freely and experience a cathartic release of emotions....   [tags: Freud Psychological Essays Reseach Papers]
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Eating Disorders - Researchers study eating disorders to try to understand their many complexities. “Eating disorders are complicated psychiatric illnesses in which food is used to deal with unsettling emotions and difficult life issues” (Michel & Willard, 2003, p. 2). To help those with eating disorders, one must understand the causes, effects and treatments associated with the disorders. Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa and Compulsive Overeating are three common eating disorders found in society today. “No one knows exactly what causes eating disorders....   [tags: Food Health Anorexia Research Papers]
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Identity of Humans - What is a human being. A human being is a combination of the biological makeup of the individual and the state of being. The state of being can be characterized by the individual’s state of consciousness, and an individual’s state of consciousness is characterized by his or her identity. In the most general sense, identity refers to one’s answer to the question, who am I. 1 To fully understand and grasp the concepts and ideas related to identity, two different psychological perspectives will be explored, as well as three theorists including Sigmund Freud, Erik Erikson, Abraham Maslow, and Carl Rogers....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Unknown - The definition for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder given by the Webster’s New World College Dictionary is, “a condition characterized by recurring and, often, disabling symptoms of anxiety, depression, etc., that later affects some persons who have experienced a traumatic event or situation, especially combat.” PTSD was first named Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome after the war because symptoms did not seem to appear for years, even decades (Arpey). After the symptoms actually did start showing up and making an impact on society, the government started to be concerned....   [tags: essays research papers] 1013 words
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The Humanistic-Existential Perspective - The Humanistic-Existential Perspective The humanistic-existential perspective is both a reaction to and an outgrowth of the psychodynamic perspective. These thinkers refer to psychodynamic theory as inadequate, many were repulsed with its tendency to break down the "whole" person into discrete components, and, the idea of adapting to one's society, however questionable its values. Most importantly, they disagree that human action is beyond the individuals control, in fact they believe that if we could develop with out constraints, we would be rational and socialized....   [tags: Papers] 804 words
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Short-term or Brief CounselingTherapy and the Current Mental Health System - Short-term or Brief CounselingTherapy and the Current Mental Health System Abstract “Short-term” or “Brief Counseling/Therapy” and the current mental health system seem to be inexorably linked for at least the foreseeable future. This paper discusses the history, objectives, appropriate clientele, efficacy, and the other benefits, and short comings, of this therapeutic/counseling modality and its relevance to my present career direction, College Counseling....   [tags: Papers] 3043 words
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Psychological Explanations of One Anxiety Disorder - Psychological Explanations of One Anxiety Disorder Phobias are an example of an anxiety disorder and the psychological explanations of these are cognitive, psychodynamic, behavioral and social factors. The Behavioral, Psychodynamic and social factors of the psychological explanation will be discussed in greater detail. Behavioral explanations say that all behaviour is learnt whether it is normal or abnormal and this approach has been applied to humans and animals. There are three theories that make up the behaviorist approach, which are classical and operant conditioning, Social Learning and information transmission....   [tags: Papers] 755 words
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The Factors of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - The Factors of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Post traumatic stress disorder occurs after a person is exposed to a terrifying ordeal which causes either grave physical or psychological harm where harm was threatened. It can become an extremely debilitating disorder to the persons life. The person can have problems interacting in social and family life, occupational instability and the breakdown of marriages can occur. The disorder is triggered after traumatic events such as violent personal assaults such as mugging or rape, or to family, natural disasters such as earthquakes, accidents such as car crashes, human disasters such as 9/11 and after military combat such as the soldiers who fought in WWII....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD] 672 words
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A Critical Account of Freud’s Understanding of Religion - Sigmund Freud; Father of the psychoanalytic school of psychology, was not a friend to religious belief. Freud’s understanding of religion, to put it bluntly, was that of an illusion. That is to say, not necessarily false, but developed in response to the need to overcome the conflict between our sexual natures and the nature of civilisation. From this, we can attempt to critique said theory in order to see how “valid” it really is in the face of religion. For Freud’s position to be truly valid, we have to prove that the Oedipus complex is a fully universal sexual trauma, and that buried trauma can really manifest itself in the form of religion....   [tags: Psychology]
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Psychological Models -             Thestudy of psychology has been crucial to the understanding of behavior and thehuman mind as early as 1000 B.C. (Rescorla). With its wealth of research andstudies, psychology has provided valuable insights into the human mind and it’s functioning. These insights, however, rely on many models of psychology and require a complete understanding of all psychological models to be successfully applied to the understanding of human behavior. The four main models of psychology are the biological model, the psychodynamic model, the cognitive model, and the behavioral model....   [tags: Research Papers on Psychology 2014]
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Sleep Deprivation - Abstract Sleep is one of our basic needs to survive, however in the modern days sleep deprivation in increasing more and more each day, causing accidents and medical problems for the people and the community. This essay will look at the meaning of sleep and sleep deprivation and the basic perspectives on what motivates sleep and sleep deprivation with the five perspectives; evolutionary, psychodynamic, behaviourist, cognitive and the hierarchy of needs. This essay will also evaluate the best perspective to eliminate sleep deprivation with the cases studies discussing the general hypothesis of sleep and sleep deprivation....   [tags: Health ]
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3833 words
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Should Addiction be Considered a Disease? - This essay will examine how Addiction is defined, and why or if it is recognized as a disease. Addiction can be defined as a behaviour that creates physical and psychological pleasure. However, this is where the cost to the individual visibly outweighs the benefits. Only psychoactive drugs that affect the brains pleasure zones will resort to dependence of substances. These substances include anything from alcohol and nicotine, to a variety of legal and illegal drugs. Even though there is a large amount of information on substance use for individuals there is not one individual theory that is singled out in regards to addiction....   [tags: drugs, substance abuse] 2358 words
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CURRENT INTEREST AND VIEWS ESSAY - I’m particularly interested in marriage and family therapy that combines the Biopsychosocial Model (Myers). From what I’ve learned in my psychology courses in college, I feel like in order to best help people in marriage and family therapy you need to have a good approach to an individual, couple or family in order to be successful. Combining Biological, Psychological and Social Therapy is the best way to identify external and internal issues in relationships and approach them with a successful outcome....   [tags: Psychology]
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Biopsychosocial Therapy - I am particularly interested in Biopsychosoical Therapy. (Myers) From what I have learned in psychology courses in college, I feel like the best way to help people in marriage and family therapy is to have a good approach to an individual, couple or family in order to have a positive effect. Combining Biological, Psychological and Social Therapy is the best way to identify external and internal issues in relationships and approach them with a successful outcome. In order to get to the root of an unconscious issue, I can practice a form of Psychoanalysis, Psychodynamic, Humanistic, Behavior or Cognitive Therapy....   [tags: Therapy]
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Adolescent Suicide Rates - Suicide has been rising at alarming rates; the overall suicide rate for children and adolescents has increased over 300% since the 1950s. (Miller, 2009) Adolescent children are screaming out for our help, are we just ignoring the signs or do we not care. For young people, an average 1,800 take their own lives and 85,000 are hospitalized for attempts nationally (CDC, 2008). With this kind of statistics we need to step in and take some action. The first step in taking action against adolescent suicide is by recognizing the warning signs....   [tags: Suicide]
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Anxiety Disorders - Anxiety Disorders Anxiety is a normal reaction to stressful situations that helps in the coping process for individuals. On some occasions, anxiety may become so severe that it impairs the ability to cope and can create psychosocial impairment. High levels of anxiety that interfere with daily activities and social interaction are considered a psychiatric disorder. Anxiety disorders are treatable and can have profound effects on the psychosocial aspect of the individuals life. This paper will discuss the possible causes of anxiety disorders and the affects that it may have on an individual’s psychological state....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]
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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Children - The use of several therapeutic methods to treat children with PTSD increases the argument among clinicians about the most effective treatment for PTSD. The clinical literature describes a wide variety of interventions besides CBT including, psychoanalytic techniques, creative arts, play therapy, crisis intervention, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing, and pharmacotherapy; which raises the question about what could be the most effective treatment for children with PTSD (Cohen, Mannarino & Rogal 2001)....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
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