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Your search returned over 400 essays for "proposition"
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Substance Abuse Treatment and Proposition 36 - With California jails and prisons still struggling with finding a reform for non-violent drug offenders the states recidivism rates continue to reach unprecedented numbers. Between 1983 and 1998, drug admissions to state and federal prisons increased sixteen-fold, from over 10,000 drug admissions in 1983 to almost 167,000 new prison entries for drug offenses in 1998 (Worrall et al, 2009). This has been a direct result of our legal system incarcerating offenders who have substance abuse related issues instead of providing a way for treatment or rehabilitation outside of incarceration....   [tags: California Proposition 36]
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1195 words
(3.4 pages)
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No on Proposition 19 - Should marijuana be legalized in California. Marijuana has been illegal since the 1930’s, though medical marijuana was legalized in 1996. Therefore, if marijuana becomes legal on California there will be more access to it. Any adult over 21 years old will be able to purchase it. Although Proposition 19 predicts that California will benefit from earning money on taxed marijuana and will only allow distribution to adults, we should oppose Proposition 19 because it is not a clear plan and the outcome of what can happen to California is not clear as well....   [tags: Ethical Issues, Marijuana] 1570 words
(4.5 pages)
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The Fail of California's Proposition 19 - Cannabis, also known as Marijuana, has been used by humans throughout history for medical, recreational, as well as spiritual purposes. Its fiber, oil, and seed are also refined into products such as hemp oil, wax, rope, cloth, and paper (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 2013). With 56% voters overwhelming supported for medical cannabis, California became the first state in the United States to pass Prop 215 in 1996 ensuring the patients and their primary caregivers to “have the right to obtain and use marijuana for medical purpose” (California Department of Public Health, 2013, Text of Law section, para....   [tags: Marijuana, Legalization, Cannabis] 1949 words
(5.6 pages)
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The Proposition of a Museum Design for Media - ... So there is still much room for studying and developing new media display methods” (Xia & Li, 2009, p. 1). It is evident from their statement that further development of this typology and the casework which accompanies it needs to be better assessed. Graham and Cook (2010) readdresses this by asserting “Many new media art projects (though currently not all) are not interested in the object outcome, but rather in the process, the engagement, and the interaction” (Graham & Cook, 2010, p. 61).When users are interacting with displays that host various forms of new media there are several characteristics which should be kept in mind....   [tags: contemporary, audience participation, spatial] 946 words
(2.7 pages)
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Reason to Oppose the Proposition 19 - Proposition 19 served as a new initiative on the November 2nd, 2010, California ballot, to regulate and tax marijuana. Many reasons exist to contest this proposition. First, at a state and federal level one can not find a sufficient system to prevent the dispersion of cannabis to minors. Second, contemporary drivers already have a multitude of distractions that may impair their driving such as: alcohol and the use of a cell-phone for talking, browsing the internet, or sending a text message. The government does not need to permit marijuana, which by extension, will serve as an additional dangerous influence for motorists....   [tags: Drugs ]
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878 words
(2.5 pages)
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Proposition to Reface Mount Rushmore - ... John Calvin Coolidge, later to be known as “Silent Cal” was born July 4th, 1872. As a young boy, at only twelve years old, Coolidge’s mother passed on, a hard circumstance to deal with for anyone, especially a twelve-year-old boy. To make matters worse, just a few years later, Coolidge’s sister died as well. Despite this all, Coolidge would become what many people agree to be a very successful human being. Calvin Coolidge attended Amherst Collage in Massachusetts, and graduated with honors....   [tags: poets, folk music, president] 2195 words
(6.3 pages)
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Tax Initiatives: Proposition 30 - ... Conservatives believe that prop 30 is unconstitutional. Californians will endure the biggest tax hike in years. Tax payers will cough up $6 billion annually to fund the education expense. Michelle Steele states “Prop 30 won’t fix our schools or stabilize the state budget; it will increase tax volatility and leave our children facing more of the same debt” (Steele). You can’t make a judgment like that till has been in effect for a few years Michelle Steele is too fast to put down a program. Michelle Steele believes “It will increase state spending without increasing student performance and it will aggravate the revenue volatility that has plagued state budgeting for decades....   [tags: reducing, forecasted, budget, cuts, education] 806 words
(2.3 pages)
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Taking a Look at Proposition 103 in California - ... The focal point of this proposition was to provide California drivers with a rate based upon important factors that are related to driving. The proposition sought to protect the drivers by including the clause that “insurers are specifically prohibited under 103 from using the absence of a prior police as a factor in rate-setting” (“California Proposition 103”). Proposition 103 sought to create a minimum rate reduction of 20-percent, which is highly favorable for California drivers that are overpaying for automobile and other property/casualty insurance....   [tags: reform on insurance policies] 1103 words
(3.2 pages)
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California's Proposition 8 - Proposition 8 was a piece of legislation formally called the California Marriage Protection Act which was an amendment to the Constitution of the State of California. The amendment was voted on and passed during the state elections of November 5th, 2008. The new legislation added to the constitution reads: “Only marriage between a man and a woman is valid or recognized in California.” The issue was prompted in May of 2008, when the California Supreme Court ruled that same sex couples had a right to marry one another according to the Equal Protection Clause of the Constitution of the United States....   [tags: Sexual Rights] 919 words
(2.6 pages)
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California’s Proposition 19 - Is California’s Proposition 19, “The Regulate, Control and Tax Cannabis Act of 2010,” reefer madness or reefer rationality. In recent years, many states across the nation have passed medical marijuana laws. California however, is preparing to take an even more progressive stance towards the substance and pass a bill that would outright legalize marijuana for recreational use. Proposition 19 would’ve make it lawful for any individual over the age of 21 to possess up to an ounce of cannabis, in a similar manner to alcohol....   [tags: argumentative essay] 2199 words
(6.3 pages)
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In Justice We Trust: Proposition 21 - ... In 2006, law enforcement agencies reported 1,337,365 arrests of persons under age 18. Forgiving juveniles would encourage them to commit even more crimes.There won’t be any desire to look bad in committing a crime.The lens through which we will look at crimes should be fair, thus juveniles should not be left untouched if they choose the wrong practices. About one-quarter of juveniles who offended at ages 16-17 also offended as adults at ages 18-19. John Castro was a juvenile delinquent he was sentenced with murder at age 17....   [tags: juvenile, crimes, safety, citizens] 741 words
(2.1 pages)
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The Impact of California's Proposition 13 - The Impact of California's Proposition 13 California's Proposition 13 had a big impact on American government and public policy because it put to vote the reduction of property taxes. This Proposition had a great impact as it swept the county and made headlines in newspapers around the world. People used this initiative process to gain a greater control over their lives. The California taxpayers stood up and said no more to excessive taxes because they were tired of out of control property taxes and losing their homes because they could not pay property taxes while the government did nothing to help them....   [tags: Papers] 679 words
(1.9 pages)
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In Support of Proposition 83 - In Support of Proposition 83 "A rape or sexual assault occurs every two minutes. A child is abused every 35 seconds" (Schwarzenegger). Proposition 83, also known as Jessica's Law was made by the parents of Jessica Lunsford. "Five months ago, my daughter was taken from her bed, across the street, repeatedly raped for three days and then she was buried alive," said Mark Lunsford, Jessica's father. "These are not the kind of things that are supposed to happen to our children" (Comey). Yet, sadly these horrific things go on everyday....   [tags: Pedophilia Child Abuse ] 1503 words
(4.3 pages)
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Business Analysis: Apple - Value Proposition and Culture - ... The iPhone and Macbook Air include the elegance and the feeling of being cool. Company Structure, Leadership and management Functional Structure - In functional structure, people are grouped on the basis of their common expertise, experience and resources. Employees within the functional divisions of an organisation perform a specialised set of tasks. This results in operational efficiency within the group. However, it could also lead to lack of communication between the groups in the organisation as is the case in Apple....   [tags: itunes, safari, steve jobs, improvement] 1039 words
(3 pages)
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California Proposition 215: Legalizing Medical Marijuana - Also known as California Proposition 215, the Compassionate Use Act of 1996 made headlines around the country as the first law ever to change the legality of medical marijuana for public consumption statewide. Originating in San Francisco, it was passed by 55.6% of California voters on November 5, 1996 (Human Rights and the Drug War). The ideology behind passing Prop. 215 is that marijuana contains a number of legitimate medical uses and should be made available to those who would benefit from it....   [tags: Medical Marijuana] 2673 words
(7.6 pages)
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Proposition 184 in California - Proposition 184 in California Last year in California voters approved a controversial ballot initiative. Proposition 184, also known as the three strikes and you're out law, was passed on November 9, 1994. Under this new legislation repeat offenders, upon committing their third felony offense, will be sentenced to a mandatory twenty-five years to life in prison(California 667). The initiative passed by a landslide, with 76% of the voters in favor of it. The State Senate soon after voted the bill into law, with only seven members voting against it....   [tags: Papers] 2677 words
(7.6 pages)
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Swot Analysis of Timberland LLC - The SWOT analysis (abbreviation for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats) is an essential tool in marketing for understanding and supporting decision-making in all kinds of situations in business and organisations. In brief, it provides an accurate context for studying strategies, positions and directions of a company proposition. It is used mainly for business planning, competitor evaluation, marketing, business and product development and research reports. SWOT analysis is also a widely recognised method for gathering, structuring, presenting and reviewing extensive planning data within a larger business or project planning process....   [tags: Company, Proposition] 901 words
(2.6 pages)
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Against California Proposition 2 Essay - In the November 2008 General Election, citizens of the state of California will be asked to consider many issues affecting the state as a whole. Out of the many propositions to be decided upon, Proposition Two has become one of particular interest. Currently, forty million animals are being raised on California farms for production of milk, dairy, cattle, and chickens: given these very large numbers and increased consumer awareness of current management practice, there has been an increase in concern for ethical treatment and welfare of livestock within the public....   [tags: Farm Management Animal] 1301 words
(3.7 pages)
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Proposition 187: Dont Mess With Texas - Proposition 187: Don't Mess With Texas In November of 1994, Californians passed the most controversial piece of state legislation this decade. Proposition 187 was designed to stem the flow of illegal aliens into California by withholding all non-emergency medical benefits from non-naturalized citizens. Latinos turned out in record numbers to voice their disapproval, and for good reason too. The health care resolutions of Proposition 187 were products of poor reason and unsound economic judgment....   [tags: essays research papers] 1357 words
(3.9 pages)
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American History: LGBT Community and California´s Proposition 22 - ... USA TODAY, 5 Nov. 2008. Web. 10 May 2014. <http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/politics/election2008/ca.htm>. "California Proposition 8, the "Eliminates Right of Same-Sex Couples to Marry" Initiative (2008)." Ballotpedia, 26 Mar. 2014. Web. 10 May 2014. <http://ballotpedia.org/California_Proposition_8,_the_%22Eliminates_Right_of_Same-Sex_Couples_to_Marry%22_Initiative_%282008%29>. Epstein, Jennifer. "Bill Clinton backs gay marriage bill." POLITICO. Politico, 5 May 2011. Web. 7 May 2014. <http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0511/54358.html>....   [tags: obama, same-sex marriage]
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672 words
(1.9 pages)
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Against Proposition 69 and the DNA Fingerprint Act - Abstract: California’s Proposition 69 and the DNA Fingerprint Act both expand criminal DNA databases far beyond what is necessary to protect citizens and prosecute violent crime. DNA profiling techniques and databases have developed largely over the last fifteen years, and the recent expansions are only a part of an ongoing trend of ‘function creep’ that characterizes database expansion. Proposition 69 and the DNA Fingerprint Act expand DNA databases originally designed to house DNA samples from violent criminals to include samples from anyone arrested for a felony crime....   [tags: DNA Database Crime Criminals]
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1711 words
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The Three Strikes Law Repeat Felony Offenders Penalties - The Initiative I have chosen to talk about is the Three Strikes Law Repeat Felony Offenders Penalties, Proposition 36. This proposition was introduced on the November 6, 2012 ballot as an initiated state stature, where it was approved with a 69.30% standing in the state of CA. This proposition was set up to modify the elements in California’s “Three Strikes” Law, which was approved by the state’s voters in 1994 through proposition 184. There are 24 other states that have some form of the Three Strike type law in effect as of today....   [tags: proposition 36, sentences, offence]
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1418 words
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Tension In California Politics - Being part of a nation that is founded on the pillars of democracy, it seems to make sense to give the people a voice in the governing process. In California as well as other states, the initiative and referendum process is a tool of direct democracy utilized by the citizens. California allows statutory and constitutional initiatives to be placed on the ballot. In a utopian world, direct democracy is an ideal form of governance for it gives the people the power to decide; however, direct democracy is an idealistic tool for it gives the ability to create policy and constitutional changes to people who are not knowledgeable of the issue....   [tags: American Government, Proposition 140] 1917 words
(5.5 pages)
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Your Humanism verses My Creationism - There are several philosophies which have recently surfaced which most likely intend to debunk the certainty we are undeniably a creation. Since my adolescence I have witnessed and observed that most individuals in general, have converted to the “humanism proposition,” (HP) and become less attracted to the “creationist hypothesis” (CH). I have formed my attitude and/or outlook based on observation and collective research into what I refer to as the “Eventual collapse of the creationist perspective.” Hollywood, coupled with the upsurge of non-believers in our society-(America), is warring against the actual notion that we to some degree, shape, or form are created....   [tags: Humanism Proposition, Creation, Philosophy]
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1285 words
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Sociology of Crime -   1. Walker’s Proposition 14 states “Fear-based deterrence programs do not reduce crime”. Fully discuss the theory of deterrence, the problems from theory to practice, and the failure of these programs. The basic definition of deterrence is an act of preventing from crime, by having something, such as punishment, as a threat. A deterrence theory underlies in criminal laws and justice system to restrain from crimes. Corresponding to the definition, a deterrence theory itself simply means more strict and definite punishments will decrease the rate of crimes, including violent crimes, robbery, burglary, and even drunk driving and possessing drugs....   [tags: Walker's Proposition, Wedding Cake Model]
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1905 words
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Philosophy: Sophist, Syllogism and Propositions - ... Something a student must know to know anything else is an axiom. If a thesis asserts, it’s a hypothesis, otherwise it’s a definition. In summary he remarks that the ground of knowledge is a demonstrative syllogism and the ground of that syllogism is premises so we must know (be convinced of) the primary premises better than the conclusion. Nothing can be better known to a man who seeks knowledge through demonstration than the basic truths. Part 2 Next, Aristotle explains that knowledge is in the answers of four questions: whether there is a connection between an attribute and a thing, the reason for the connection, whether a thing exists, the nature of the thing....   [tags: aristotle, enunciations] 824 words
(2.4 pages)
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Public Safety or Public Trickery - Public Safety or Public Trickery In past years, the debate over human and mountain lion interaction has been quite heated. The California Legislature has addressed issues concerning the hunting of mountain lions for over 80 years. On March 26, 1996, the most recent ballot measure deciding the fate of the California cougar (Felis concolor), Proposition 197, was not passed. This would have repealed the 1990 passing of Proposition 117, which banned all trophy hunting of mountain lions, allowing only trained Department of Fish and Game officials to kill lions that became a threat to public safety and welfare....   [tags: Proposition 197 Mountain Lions Wildlife Essays]
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987 words
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Propostition 36 - Propostition 36 Where has our war on drugs gotten us thus far. Currently, nearly 500,000 Americans are incarcerated for drug law violations, a ten-fold increase in two decades. The overall inmate population has quadrupled to nearly 2 million arrests for drug law violations and continues to rise. The vast majority of these arrests are for simple possession. (Crime in The United States, Uniform Crime Reports, Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1999.) Personally, three convicted drug-users have shared their battle with addiction with me; the results of these conversations were far from optimistic....   [tags: Papers] 1203 words
(3.4 pages)
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Finite Evidence and Universal Propositions - Finite Evidence and Universal Propositions There is a lot of empirical evidence supporting the proposition '‘All metals expand when heated’. For example on many, many occasions we have observed metals expanding when heated. Because of this large amount of evidence we take the proposition to be true (or highly likely to be true). The proposition '‘All metals expand when heated’ is caled a universal proposition. A universal proposition mentions al things of a certain kind. The proposition '‘Al metals expand when heated’ is about al metals, not just some of them; it is about al pieces of metal, not just some pieces....   [tags: Ampliative Logic] 4413 words
(12.6 pages)
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The Current State of Drunk Driving Laws in the State of Illinois - Driving is a privilege Americans have been afforded since the invention of the automobile in the late 1800’s. Yet with great power comes great responsibility. One of the responsibilities associated with being able to drive several tons of metal at high speeds is the responsibility of doing so without any distractions or impairments. Choosing to drive drunk puts not only the driver in danger, but also everyone else in the car and on the road. Currently, the average drunk driver will drive eighty times before getting caught by the police (1)....   [tags: analysis, proposition, alcohol]
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1094 words
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The Mirror of Death - ... He hasn’t touched you in months. Step 3: Lower yourself into the scorching water slowly filling the tub. You like the water hot. It helps keep your mind off of him, anything to take away the pain of his absence. Tonight, it doesn’t work. Your skin is slowly turning red and you remember every piece of flesh where his lips once danced across. You remember every time he held you in his arms and told you how much he loved you. Poor girl, your mother never told you that you couldn’t make homes out of human beings....   [tags: self help proposition] 616 words
(1.8 pages)
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Are There Synthetic A-Priori Propositions? - Are There Synthetic A-Priori Propositions. From a logical point of view, the propositions that express human knowledge can be divided according to two distinctions. First is the distinction between propositions that are a priori, in the sense that they are knowable prior to experience, and those that are a posteriori, in the sense that they are knowable only after experience. Second is the distinction between propositions that are analytic, that is, those in which the predicate is included in the subject, and those that are synthetic, that is, those in which the predicate is not included in the subject....   [tags: Papers] 848 words
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Proposal for International Foods at the University Dining Services - Proposal for International Foods at the University Dining Services Pedro Cabrera came to State University from Puerto Rico. He decided to be an exchange student at State because he was interested in experiencing life in the United States, and because he was excited about the excellent veterinarian program offered at State. While he loves attending college and living in the United States, there are some things that he would like to change, or rather introduce to State University. Pedro admitted that he feels homesick at times, a feeling not uncommon to new freshmen....   [tags: Argument Proposition Essays] 1306 words
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Proposal for a Sustainable Forestry Management Policy - Proposal for a Sustainable Forestry Management Policy Forests are an invaluable natural resource with multiple conflicting uses. When left to stand, forests help conserve biodiversity, stabilize the environment and control erosion; when logged, they provide building materials, fuel and agricultural land for human use. The challenge is to find an equilibrium between these uses: in other words, to make the transition toward sustainable forestry management. Unfortunately, poverty has driven people in developing countries to clear-cut large tracts of land, while instability and corruption have rendered developing country governments powerless to stop illegal logging and trade in illegal forest...   [tags: Proposal Proposition Essays]
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757 words
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The History of LGBT rights in California - “Do you know what the Gays did to me now. They took away my right to vote!” As much as I hate to admit it, that is what my father called to tell me when the Supreme Court overturned California’s Proposition 8, an amendment to the California Constitution banning Same-Sex Marriage in the state, deeming it unconstitutional. It was his belief that since he had voted for it to pass—which it did—those overturning it neglected his vote, effectively stripping him of his right to do so. I quickly pointed out to him that they didn’t take away anything and what he was really upset about was that he—or anyone else—did not have the right to deny the LGBT Community of their rights....   [tags: gay marriage, overturn of Propostion 8 ]
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1340 words
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Propositions for Mitigating the Effects of Global Hunger - The last 20 years, hunger rates have abated by almost half, however with increasing food prices, global hunger is expected to accrue as well. (Anderson, 2007). About 40 to 60 million people, mainly children, die every year because of hunger. (Robbins, 2012). Close to 200 million children under five years old are malnourished. (Robbins, 2012). Many people may ask how hunger, in developing countries, such as Africa, can be stopped or even solved. The question seems to be; does more food need to be more food produced or is there enough for everyone on earth....   [tags: pricing, malnourishment, crops] 1542 words
(4.4 pages)
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The Preposition Stranding Generalization and Conditions on Sluicing: Evidence from Emirati Arabic - Merchant (2001) argues that sluicing is derived by IP-deletion from an underlying wh-construction at the level of PF (following Ross 1969), as shown in (1): (1) a. Jack bought something, but I don’t know [CP whati [IP Jack bought ti]]. b. Jack talked to someone, but I don’t know [CP whoi [IP Jack talked to ti]]. Merchant proposes (2) to capture the parallelism between sluicing and wh-questions: (2) Preposition-stranding generalization (PSG) A language L will allow preposition stranding under sluicing iff L allows preposition stranding under regular wh-movement....   [tags: IP-deletion, wh-construction, PF]
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1931 words
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Lydia Maria Child's Propositions Defining Slavery and Emancipation - There has been many debates about the righteousness of slavery in the United States. There were many supporters of slavery as well as people who opposed slavery. Slavery has concentrated on African slaves In the United States. Law and public opinion regarding slavery differed from state to state and from person to person. Slavery has brought about a lot of controversy and stirred emotions even in today's society which has left a big impact on the people. In the documents, Ads for Runaway Servants and Slaves (1733-72), Lydia Maria Child's Propositions Defining Slavery and Emancipation (1833) and Lydia Maria Child's Prejudices against people of color (1836), describes the life of slaves alon...   [tags: slavery, african-american, servants]
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1425 words
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Value Propositions of Sirius Satellite Radio - I think there are only two value propositions that Sirius gives their consumers. I think the number of radio stations and genres that they have is the most important. The second most important I think is that they have no commercials on most of their stations. I think that these value propositions would sell most of the nation, but that isn't true because there are only around 700,000 subscribers total. I completely agree with these value propositions, these value propositions give satellite radio the edge against FM and AM radio....   [tags: Marketing] 630 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Murders in the Rue Morgue - A. The Murders in the Rue Morgue begins with “propositions” (Poe 2) to help the reader follow the reading through the use of critical thinking like that of a chess or card player. The chess player must wait and contemplate each move of another player, while the card player is more prone to memory perception. Poe then introduces his acquaintance Dupin and expounds on his abilities. Then “Extraordinary Murders” (5) begins the sequence of the detective like story. The murders were written about in the local paper and giving no clue, leaving the mystery unanswered....   [tags: Propositions, Literary Review]
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Procedural Knowledge versus Propositional Knowledge - ... The Third thing could be that it was a biological event that took place in the brain that repaired the neurons in his legs to become active again, or that is was actually a gift from god. You can’t tell even when science can’t explain it sometimes. When it boils down to religion, it’s based on faith in the end. It could be true, but you won’t know till you get there, so you could say that knowledge is awareness of fact. That leads us to skepticism. What is skepticism. I believe skepticism could be defined as an unwillingness to commit to some truth....   [tags: the evil demon and dream arguments] 1342 words
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Abortion and the California Constitution - Through out the history of the constitution of california there has been a number of attempts to change how abortion in teens is handled. Proposition 4 intends to give the parents the right to know when their unmancipated teens want to get an abortion. some supporters of this proposition argue that it will save lives and money for the state. People against it say is more dangerous to teens because they could be driven to use not regulated clinics and or to run away from home. In this research paper we will go through both points of view, and also the implications of continuing with the current constitution or changing it as the proposition 4 dictates....   [tags: Law Essays] 1917 words
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Wittgenstein’s Context Principle - In his Tractatus Logico Philosophicus, Ludwig Wittgenstein makes the following claim “…only in the nexus of a proposition does a name have meaning” (TLP 3.3). This claim is a version of what has come to be known in the literature as the context principle and is taken to assert simply that a word has meaning only when it is within a sentence. An intuitive objection to this principle is that it conflicts with a trait of language called compositionality. Compositionality describes the ability we possess to form new sentences, with new meanings, using familiar words....   [tags: Literature]
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2513 words
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Digital Cable Providers: Dish TV - Contents Table of Figures 1 Building Value 2 Value Proposition 2 Value Positioning Map 3 Tailored Value Chain 4 Strategy as Ecology 7 Bibliography 8 Table of Figures Figure 1 Value Proposition of Dish TV 2 Figure 2 Positioning maps for Indian DTH industry 3 Figure 3 McKinsey's Generic Value Chain for Dish TV 4 Figure 4 Activity Systems Map of Dish TV 5 Figure 5 Distribution Channel Design 6 Figure 6 Example of Dish TV's Initiative to reduce taxes (Value Sharing Activity) 7 Building Value In the case of Dish TV, the various activities that the company has chosen to undertake reflect the presence of a distinctive value proposition, which is supported by a value chain tailored...   [tags: customers, channels, satellites]
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2009 words
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Prohobition - PROHIBITION In all probability, no one thing gave more character to the era known as the ‘Roaring 20s’, than what was called ‘the long dry spell’ (a.k.a. Prohibition). Prohibition was the result, of the longstanding efforts, by largely Protestant religious groups, who had preached temperance since the early colonial period. What had been known as the temperance movement came to be a drive for all out prohibition right about the turn of the century. From about 1900-1904 there was a dramatic turn of events in which the Anti-Saloon League changed its goals from social reform to legislate reform, and came to have a fair amount of influence in this country’s politics....   [tags: Essays Papers Alcohol 18th Amendment]
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1200 words
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California's Promise - In the 1960’s California experienced reverence through the reputation of being a promising great state. The increasing population as well as the massive publicity, contributed in highlighting this notion. However, in 2011, California no longer holds the same reputation in the eyes of its residents. With a current state deficit of $25.4 Billion, many Californians believe that the state is hopeless and can no longer regain to its past stardom. Famed Historian, Kevin Starr argues that California has lost its promise entirely; however, California has not lost its promise entirely for the fact that California is still the eighth largest economy in the world....   [tags: State Government, State Deficit] 1871 words
(5.3 pages)
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what would jesus brew - Is Justified True Belief Really Knowledge. So, you think you found some truth in the traditional concepts that knowledge is true belief. Well, I just might have to burst your bubble and join up with Edmond L. Gettier’s famous counterexample’s to these particular beliefs. Gettier, published these ambitious counterexamples in a June 1963 article entitled, “Is Justified Knowledge True Belief.” The traditional concepts of knowledge seem to hold that the following three stipulations are jointly sufficient in verifying the claim that S knows p ( where S is some entity with the capacity for knowing and p is some proposition or claim): (i) p is true, (ii), S believes that p, and (iii), S is justifi...   [tags: essays research papers] 926 words
(2.6 pages)
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Spinoza's Argument for Substance Monism - ... For the finite reader, this serves to differentiate the two modes of thought and extension. Axiom 6 states that a true idea agrees with its inherent object. This is conducive for establishing linkage between thought and extension, and it also accords with God’s reality, given that he is conceivable as an infinite being. Finally, Axiom 7 says that a nonexistent thing’s essence does not involve essence. This is present for logical purposes and is useful for Spinoza’s proofs of various propositions and corollaries by reductio ad absurdum....   [tags: Ethics, philosophical analysis] 1099 words
(3.1 pages)
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Traffic Relief Ahead in California - Traffic Relief Ahead in California Under California constitutional law, services provided by state agencies generally must be performed by state civil service employees. In some cases the state may contract with private firms to obtain services. However, there are limitations as to when such contracting is allowed, for example, if services needed by the state are: (1) of a temporary nature, (2) not available within the civil service, or (3) of a highly specialized or technical nature. According to the argument in favor of Proposition 35, private contracting has been further limited by several lawsuits filed by Caltrans bureaucrats....   [tags: Papers] 1067 words
(3 pages)
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Bill 60, a.k.a. The Quebec Charter of Values - ... Firstly, they would want to modify the Québec Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms by establishing how religiously impartial the state is and by adding a core set of rules for accommodation requests (proposition 1). This means that there would be a specific framework which will indicate under what circumstances accommodations may be applied (proposition 1). Furthermore, they don’t want people who work for the state to advertise their religious beliefs while working (proposition 2). By doing so, the person embodies the state and therefore may serve persons of different origins and beliefs (proposition 2)....   [tags: equality, religious, criticism]
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Municipal Budgeting and Revenue - Municipal Budgeting and Revenue Introduction Every government entity has a primary goal, which is to be as efficient and effective as possible while expending the smallest amount of resources. In addition, the resources expended cannot be more than the resources received as revenues. The budgeting process is a tool that assists government entities in being both efficient and effective. Before a budget can be adequately prepared, you must first understand the budgeting concept and secondly be knowledgeable of budget types....   [tags: Budget Finance Government Essays]
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Judgement According to Mill - Judgement According to Mill This paper discusses Mill’s views about judgement as presented in Book I of A System of Logic. Its purpose is twofold: first, to understand the exact nature of the question Mill asks about judgement; and second, to expound his answer thereto. I want to commence with a brief, terminological point. Mill uses the term "judgement" interchangeably with the term "proposition," both of which can be defined provisionally as the bearers of truth or falsity. In most of his discussion, however, he uses the language of "propositions;" consequently, I do the same in this paper....   [tags: Philosophy Logic Philosophical Essays] 2028 words
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Exchange Theory and Communicative Action - George Homans and Peter Blau each offer an explanation of human interactions and how they reproduced social process and social structures. Homans develop his theory by observing four different social groups; street gang, work group in a factor, kingship system of a private island, and a village in new England. Through his observations he develop five propositions that underlies the dynamics of a group. Peter Blau further developed Homans theory and added that people calculated their actions based on the reward level of their action as well as the level of power they receive from their actions....   [tags: human interactions, George Homans, Peter Blau] 1747 words
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Explanation on Exchange Theory and Communicative Action According to George Homans and Petter Blau - ... Four; the higher the rank of a person with in a group, the more their behavior will conform to the group. Five; the higher the person is social rank, the wider the range of their interaction. Though Homans research on these four different social groups did come out with usefully data, it was not widely accepted because he conducted induction research, instead of deductive. As a result Homans conducts further experiments of his Five Propositions on other social groups to test their validity; he also uses the one of B.F....   [tags: social process, social structure, social groups] 717 words
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Mind And Machine - Mind and Machine: The Essay Technology has traditionally evolved as the result of human needs. Invention, when prized and rewarded, will invariably rise-up to meet the free market demands of society. It is in this realm that Artificial Intelligence research and the resultant expert systems have been forged. Much of the material that relates to the field of Artificial Intelligence deals with human psychology and the nature of consciousness. Exhaustive debate on consciousness and the possibilities of consciousnessness in machines has adequately, in my opinion, revealed that it is most unlikely that we will ever converse or interract with a machine of artificial consciousness....   [tags: essays research papers] 2418 words
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How Companies Target Specific Customers - ... I. Customer Intimacy Strategy: Is a unique selling proposition which states “You should choose us because we can customize our product and service to meet your individual needs better than our competitors” (Noreen, Brewer, & Garrison, 2014) Here the value proposition focuses more on customer care and service and try to adapt themselves according to customers individual needs. One such corporation is the Home repair and improvement company; Home Depot relies on such value proposition for its success....   [tags: intimacy, operation, product leadership] 1119 words
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Argument for Existence of God - Argument for Existence of God The real is the rational, and the rational is the real. In philosophical discussion, no statement is, perhaps, more important or more controversial. Yet, this is the very position that I advocate within this paper. The equation of the rational with the real is at the heart of the argument I here consider, that being the ontological argument for the existence of God. There are several versions of the ontological argument for the existence of God, which is to say that several versions exist....   [tags: Papers] 4708 words
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Descartes’s Conception of Certainty and the Cartesian Circle - Introduction Descartes’s Meditations on First Philosophy are dedicated to establishing absolute certainty and “anything at all in the sciences that was stable and likely to last” (Meditations I.18). Descartes demolishes all his old beliefs and attempts rebuilds his foundations from the beginning. He employs a series of hyperbolic doubts and dismisses all his preconceived notions formerly taken for granted and works back to establish certainty in all his clear and distinct perceptions. Prima facie, Descartes’s philosophical arguments seem very logical and plausible....   [tags: Meditations of First Philosophy]
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Duty and Morality in Kant’s Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals - This selection is only the first section of Immanuel Kant’s Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals. I am only going to discuss duty and morality. Kant gives three propositions regarding duty (p.107). Kant argues that the will that acts from reason is the will guided by duty. The first proposition helps us distinguish which actions have moral worth by differentiating acts that are motivated because of duty and acts that are not. Kant shows the differences using a few examples, the first is a salesman who does not overcharge a customer even if he knows they are inexperienced, but the salesman’s reasoning behind this is that he doesn’t want to tarnish his reputation if he were to get caught ov...   [tags: Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals]
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Heidegger and the Logic of Categorical Syllogisms - Heidegger and the Logic of Categorical Syllogisms       According to traditional syllogistic logic, which has its roots in Aristotle, there are four types of propositions: the A proposition ("All S are P"), the E proposition ("No S are P"), the I proposition ("Some S are P"), and the O proposition ("Some S are not P"). These propositional types represent all of the possible combinations of the dichotomies of affirmative/negative and universal/particular. Each makes a claim that a certain essent (the particular I and O propositions) or an entire class of essents (the universal A and E propositions), the subject or subject-class, relates in some way (belongs or does not belong) to a class o...   [tags: Philosophy essays]
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Logical Positism and the Vienna Circle - Logical Positism and the Vienna Circle Moritz Schlick and A.J. Ayer were both logical positivists, and members of the Vienna Circle. They had differing yet concentric views on the foundations of knowledge, and they both shared the quest for truth and certainty. Moritz Schlick believed the all important attempts at establishing a theory of knowledge grow out of the doubt of the certainty of human knowledge. This problem originates in the wish for absolute certainty. A very important idea is the concept of "protocol statements", which are "...statements which express the facts with absolute simplicity, without any moulding, alteration, or addition, in whose elaboration every science consis...   [tags: Papers] 1198 words
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Solutions to Juvenile Crime - Solutions to Juvenile Crime Crime is a plague that has haunted American citizens for centuries. The severity of crime has ranged from running a red light to cold blooded murder. Statistics indicate that crime rates have been on the rise in the previous decades, especially juvenile crime. Statistics show that, ‘the number of youths aged 14 and younger who have been charged with homicide has jumped by 43 percent in the past twenty years’ (Kids With No Hope, No Fear, No Rules, And No Life, 2)....   [tags: Crime Juvenile Violence Civil Liberties Essays]
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Averting Arguments: Nagarjuna’s Verse 29 - Averting Arguments: Nagarjuna’s Verse 29 ABSTRACT: I examine Nagarjuna’s averting an opponent’s argument (Verse 29 of Averting the Arguments), Paul Sagal’s general interpretation of Nagarjuna and especially Sagal’s conception of "averting" an argument. Following Matilal, a distinction is drawn between locutionary negation and illocationary negation in order to avoid errant interpretations of verse 29 ("If I would make any proposition whatever, then by that I would have a logical error. But I do not make a proposition; therefore, I am not in error.") The argument is treated as representing an ampliative or inductive inference rather than a deductive one....   [tags: Nagarjuna Verse 29 Essays]
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Criticisms of Ayer’s Logical Positivism - Ayer published Language, Truth & Logic in 1936 when he was only 26 years of age. He was a part of the Vienna Circle; who were notoriously known for their philosophy of logical positivism. Logical positivism is a philosophical theory that holds meaningful only those non-tautological propositions that can be analyzed by the tools of logic into elementary propositions or are empirically verifiable. It therefore rejects metaphysics, theology, and sometimes ethics as meaningless . In Language, Truth & Logic, Ayer puts forth his own version of the verification principle....   [tags: Language, Truth & Logic, principle of verification] 1828 words
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Magistrates of Morality: How the Euthyphro Dilemma Cripples Divine Command Theory - Throughout human history, the topic of theology has been a central aspect of everyday life. A common denominator of all modern-day religions is that they provide a set of rules which one is to follow in order to live as a good, moral being. When a deity (or a group of deities) commands followers to abide by specific moral standards though a vehicle such as prophets, religious texts or otherwise, this is called Divine Command Theory (DCT). Those who accept this theory believe that moral action coincides with what has been ordered by the deities, and immoral action would occur when one deviates from these orders....   [tags: Euthyphro, DCT, theology]
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Primary Research Tool-Same-Sex Marriage - Primary Research Tool-Same-sex Marriage The sample in this report came from eighteen random business in West Hollywood and Hollywood area. It ranged from local retailers to chains such as Ramada and Starbucks. The sample includes male and female managers, associates, and business owners answering survey questions. The survey included demographic questions such as age, eduction level, sexual orientation, and ethnicity. The survey also had questions on how Proposition 8 could have had an affect on business....   [tags: Review, argumentative, persuasive] 876 words
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Imperial Oil ltd. Limited - History of the company Imperial Oil ltd. Limited (Esso) is a Canadian public corporation that produces crude oil and natural gas. Currently the headquarters are based out of Calgary, Alberta employing over 5000 people, with Exxon Mobil owning 69.6 percent of the company. Imperial Oil ltd. was previously located in Toronto and has recently moved all main facilities over to the Calgary, Alberta headquarters.1 Esso was incorporated in London, ON in 1880 and became a land mark in the development of crude oil and natural gases.1 Its retail business consists of service stations and "On the Run Express and Tiger Express-brand" convenience stores....   [tags: Esso, Syncrude, oil]
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The Nature and Importance of Truth - What exactly is truth. What is true. These questions are two completely different questions. In order to answer what is true, you must first determine what truth actually is. If we look in the Merriam-Webster dictionary, we see the definition that says “The things that are true”. This is not what we are looking for in a definition of this word, but really there is no defining line between what is true, and what is not. Truth is essentially divided into two main types of truth. There is empirical truth that is what is observed, what can be tangibly learned from observation....   [tags: coherence, empirical truth,correspondence theory]
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The Possibility of the Discarding of Knowledge - In this essay, the extent that the discovery/ development of new knowledge in the fields of the natural sciences and history causes the discarding of older and previously held knowledge will be explored. It is important to understand that the definition of knowledge is justified, true, belief. The central knowledge issue that arises from this exploration, is that the discovery/ development of new knowledge cause things that were previously held as knowledge to be discarded. This knowledge issue will be explored across the natural sciences and history....   [tags: history, natural science, higgs boson]
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The Ambivalence of Direct Democracy - The California Constitution states, “All political power is inherent in the people. Government is instituted for their protection, security, and benefit, and they have the right to alter or reform it when the public good may require.” (CA Const. art. 2, sect. 1) Indeed, the age-old maxim that the government is for the people is evident in California’s Constitution, and the inception of direct democracy by the early 20th century Progressive movement follows this ideology. The 2nd article of California’s constitution includes three forms of direct democracy: the initiative, referendum, and recall....   [tags: Government]
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Selected Response Assessment: The Construction of Teaching and Learning that Meet the Needs of Students. - “Contemporary socio-cognitive theory focuses more attention on an individual’s ability to deal with and negotiate the obstacles found in one’s environment than it does on one’s talent for solving abstract, decontextualized problems on an standardized test” (Kincheloe, 10). According to the researcher and activist, Joe Kincheloe, who helped shape the ideology of the Paulo and Nita Freire International Project for Critical Pedagogy, successfully use of selected response assessment requires understanding and appreciating students and the experiences they bring to the learning environment....   [tags: Assessment ]
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Carl Rogers: One of the Founding Fathers of Humanism - As one of the founding fathers of humanism, Carl Rogers was very interested in an approach to psychology that had to do with the thoughts and feelings of clients (notice that the word patient is sparsely used). His feelings on resourceful therapy were always centered around the client and how they wanted the therapy to affect their life. In humanistic psychology, the main focus is allowing the client to decide how the therapy would direct them on their own life. Carl Rogers, as with many other humanistic psychologists, believe in keeping the values and morals of the clients in tact....   [tags: Biography] 2178 words
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Wittgenstein's Dilemma - Wittgenstein's Dilemma Either language can be defined or it can be investigated empirically. If language is defined then this will be mere tautology. If language is investigated empirically then this will lead to a substantial yet contingent truth. The cure for this dilemma for Wittgenstein in his Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus was to submit the doctrine that the structure of language cannot be said but only shown. This doctrine is vague and misconceived. In this essay, I will show that it is vague and misconceived and, consequently, why it does not cure his dilemma....   [tags: Philosophy Science Language Papers] 4296 words
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The Effects of Livestock Wealth and Reproductive Success on the Mukogodo Men - The Effects of Livestock Wealth and Reproductive Success on the Mukogodo Men Many studies have been conducted pertaining to various Maa-speaking societies. Numerous correlations have been documented in lieu of the speculation that “success in achieving culturally defined goals should tend to correlate with reproductive success” [(Irons 1979: 258) from (Cronk 1991: 345).] The article revolves mainly around the Mukogodo, found in north central Kenya (target universe). During the early 20th century this group was arranged into four clans and thirteen patrilineages, coming into more and more contact with Maa-speaking pastoralists, adding pressure to their day to day, traditional, way of life....   [tags: Mukogodo Culture Kenya Lee Cronk Essays] 2354 words
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Prop. 36 The Real Truth - Proposition 36 The Real Truth As you might already be aware there is a ballot initiative on this upcoming November’s election about drugs, and drug treatment. This measure is called Proposition 36. If this measure were to pass, state law would be changed, so that certain non-violent adult offenders who use or possess illegal drugs would receive drug treatment and supervision in the community, not prison. Right now California is ranked number one in the nation for its rate of imprisonment for drug offenders....   [tags: essays research papers] 1288 words
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Aristolte´s Law of Excluded Middle - ... . , pn. Consider the integer P = p1p2 ···pn+1. Let p be prime dividing P. If p is equal to pi for some i, then p divides both P and p1p2 · · · pn. This implies that p also divides their difference P − p1p2 · · · pn = 1A prime number p is an integer greater than one which is only divisible by one and itself  1, which is absurd. This contradicts our assumption that there are no other primes then p1,p2,...,pn. Generally the laws of thought are considered the basis for any thought, discourse or discussion....   [tags: statement, sciences, proof, contradiction]
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The Biography of Bonhoeffer - The biography Bonhoeffer: Pastor, Martyr, Prophet, Spy showcases the vast contributions that Dietrich Bonhoeffer achieved during a life that was cut suddenly to short. Bonhoeffer is memorable for his activity within an anti-Nazi resistance, founding the Confessing Church, creating many new theological ideas, and being brave enough to enter back into a warzone to stop the ongoing eliminations of innocent people. Although, he was hung weeks before Germany surrendered and Adolf Hitler was conquered, Bonhoeffer left an important theological legacy....   [tags: theology, God, spirit]
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The Relationship of Paradigm, Model, and Theory - Janice A. Thibodeau (1983), described nursing as a practice-oriented profession. Nursing is a “doing” profession and the development of a theoretical base for nursing practice is required. Since nursing has a wide range of parameters, the method must be structured by the use concepts. The ability to understand concepts and apply them in nursing is advanced by using well-defined models in practice. In order to understand models, it is imperative to understand the concept of paradigm, because the development of a model is based on a certain paradigm (Thibodeau)....   [tags: Nursing Theory, Praxis Definition] 766 words
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Comparisons of Advertisements - ... The most impactful part of this advert is the use of price comparison in the form of snowmen. This is because it not only fits in with what the target market wants to know. But also the seasonal use of snowmen will appeal to all that watch the advert. The use of price comparison does not only appeal to its target market however as many may wish to save money over the Christmas period and the technique used In the ad shows that ASDA is the place to go. However as they already have a major market share this could mean there is less room for growth and gaining a larger market share....   [tags: business, adverts, advertisements, competitors]
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Robert Nozick's Tracking Theory of Knowledge in Philosophical Explanations - ... This connection is steps three and four. Step three is that if the proposition is false, then someone will not believe it . While step four states that if the proposition is true, then someone will believe it . An additional fifth step is added later in the text which states that we must only use one method when coming gaining knowledge as the two or more methods may contradict each other and not allow us to have a proper knowledge of the subject . After seeing Nozick’s tracking theory, we can conclude that Nozick does not care what method is used....   [tags: truth, externalism, justification]
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